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Nov. 5, 1.946.
E. EssoN
"
sToyE
Filed Nov. 18, 1942
2,410,576
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3 Sheets-Sheet l
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I N
INVENTOR:
ATTORNEYS.
Nov. 5, 1946.~>
E. ESSON
2,410,576
STOVEl
Filed Nov. 18, 1942
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3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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IN VEN T_OR :
idw/)2' E550/z
A TTORNEYS.
Nov. 5, 1946.
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E. Essc/JN
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¿M9576
STOVE
Filed Nov. 18, 1942
s sheets-sheet 5
v
BY
INVENToR.-‘
Edw/ìz Esso/7.
,
/
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
¿tiene
.UNÍTED STATES PATENï
2,410,576
STOVE
Edwin Essen, Kansas City, Mo., assigner ite-Locke
Stove Company, Kansas City, Mo., a corpora
tion of Missouri
l
Application November 18, 1942,vv Serial No. 466,012
9 Claims. (Cl. 126-68)
This invention relates to heating stoves and
particularly those of the magazine type for burn
ing'solid fuels.
Usually the radiating surfaces of radiant heat
2
diate` refractories for lining
chamber.
the
magazine
`
.
Fig. '7 is a. detail perspective View of some of
the metal parts of the stove shown in spaced
ing stoves become so intensely heated that it is
impractical to provide them with porcelain or
relation to` better .illustrate the
therefore more desirable for their appearance
but theyv are more expensive than radiant heat-_
includes a shell 2 composed of a base section 3,
a body section 4 and a top section 5 al1 prefer
construction l
thereof.
enameled. exteriors. Consequently radiant heat
Fig. 8 is an enlarged sectional view through
ing stoves are unslightly in appearance and do
al portionv of the sheet metal- body illustrating
not present the modern eXteriors of the present
the» porcelain exterior thereof.
dayfcirculating heaters wherein the heating `unit l0 vReferring'more in detail to the drawings:
is- enclosed' in a casing that may be finished in
Iv designates a heating stove constructed in
any desired manner. Circulating heaters are
accordance with the present invention and which
ers'and in .many homes, particularly those not so 15 ably formed of sheet metal and cooperating with
cast sections hereinafter described. The body
cient andy give better service.
section 4 is of the wrap-around type in that it
It is, therefore, a principal object of the pres
is formed of a metal sheet shaped to provide a
ent invention to provide a radiant heater of rela
front 6, sides l and a back 8, the edges of the
tivelysimple, inexpensive construction and hav 20 sheet being connected together to form a seam
ing the pleasing appearance of a circulating
Q'preferably in the center of the back 8 as shown
heater.
in Figs. ¿l and`6. The lower edges of the sheet
A further object of' the invention is to provide
are preferably bent outwardly and downwardly
well" constructed', radiant heaters are more eñi
a radiant heater with an air circulating section
to provide a perimetric bead or trim I6 and then
whereby-the stove is in part a circulating heater. 25 inwardly to provide a ilange H havingV openings
Other objects of the invention are to provide
|21.' The upper edges of the sheet are bent in
a stove construction wherein the radiating sur
faces are maintained at sufliciently low tem
wardly to-provide flanges i3 having similar open
perature-to permit-the use of porcelain or enamel
preferably rounded and the front, back and sides
ings M‘.
The corners of the body section are
exteriors; to provide a stove structure having a 30 are bulged outwardly throughout the height
minimum of cast parts; to provide-a stove struc
thereof" to facilitate expansion and contraction
ture wherein the parts are'readily assembled; to‘
thereof during heating and cooling and to avoid
provide a radiant heatingJ stove wherein the up
noise and crazing of the finish applied thereto.
per portion- actsv in the manner of a circulating
The front 6 has a cut-out I5 at the bottom
heater to dissipate the- topv heat; and to pro
thereof to accommodate' an ash compartment
vide the cast parts of the stove with simple
door. frame i6 that is secured to the marginal
shapes so that they may be readily molded.
edges of the opening and carries a door ilvhinged
In accomplishing» these and other objects of
thereto along the lower edge as at i8; the door
the invention, I have» provided improved details
having a draft damper i9 manipulated by a han
ofstructure, the preferred form of which'is illus 40 die 2i).l The upper portion of the front has air
trated in the accompanyig drawings, wherein; ,
inlet openings 2l located at the respective ends
Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a heating stove
of a slot 22, which slot slidably mounts a damper’
constructed in- accordance with the present in
23 for selectively closing the openings 2l.
vention.The base 3'» conforms in shape to the body sec
Fig. 2.is a vertical section through the heat 45 tionand-has» upper and lower inwardly directed
ing stove.A on the line 2-2 of` Fig. 1.
flanges Zâand 25' for respectively seating the
Fig. 3» is a vertical section` through the heat
flanges! i and mounting the base upon a floor or
ing stove-onn the line 3_3; Fig. 2.
Eig. 4 is a horizontal section throughy the heat
ing stove onthe line 4_4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective View of an'
interior portion of thestove particularly illus
tratingthe key. tiles of the refractory lining.
suitable support. The base has perimetric beads
2t formed on the respective sides of Ventilating
50 openings 2ï.. The bodyl portion` is attached to the
base-byI fastening devices 28 extending through
the openings lZ- and through corresponding
openings'in the> upper ñange of the base.
Seated on the'flanges I3 isa frame 29 including
Fig. 61is aeperspective view‘of oneof the> flue
refractories used. in cooperation with interme 55 a- web> tilY having: a depending outer rib 3|» en.v
2,410,576
3
4
ing flange 34, the front portion 35 thereof being
of slightly greater height to form the lower edge
of. The front flange 19 abuts against the rail
the inwardly extending ña-nges of the side mein
gaging over the upper edges of the front, rear
bers 59, the trim is provided with laterally ex
and side walls to assist in retaining the shape of
tending pins 15 which project into openings 11
the body section. The frame 29 also has an up
in the flange 1|.
wardly extending marginal rib 32 which cooper
Bridging the space between the side members
ates with the lower rib 3| in forming an encir CI
59 and spaced above the top 42 of the dome 39
cling trim or band 33 corresponding to the trim
is a sheet metal grill 18 having depending ñanges
||l at the lower portion of the body section. The
19 and 99 on the marginal front and sides there
inner edge of the frame has an upwardly extend
of a door frame, later described. The frame 29 is
preferably formed in front and back sections to`
facilitate, casting although-it mayl consist of a
single member.
'
`
Seated upon the web 30 is a dome 3E, having
sides 31 and 38 and a back 39 carrying foot flanges
49 engaging over the adjacent portions of the
45 and is secured thereto by fastening devices 8|.
The side flanges 89 abut against the upper in
turned flanges of the side members 59 and are
similarly secured by fastening devices 82. The
central portion of the grill is preferably ribbed
as at 83 to stiffen the structure and form a deco
rative trim. Formed in the top at the respective
sides of the rib are slot-like air outlet openings
84 which cooperate with similar slots 85 in the
flange 34 and which are secured to the web 30 by
side members 59 for the circulation of air to be
fastening devices such as bolts 4I. The dome
also includes a downwardly and rearwardly slop 20 heated, as later described. The back portion of
the top section 5 is closed by a downward ex
ing-top 42 rounding into the side and back walls
tension B9 of the grill top 'and which has a
as at 43. The front of the dome comprisessides
notched lower edge 81 fitting over the flue con
44 and a top rail 45 which cooperate with the
nection previously described. The sides of the
flange 35 to complete the door frame previously
mentioned and which is provided with openings 25 extension 86 are ñanged inwardly to abut against
the inturned rear flanges of the side members,
46'therein. Formed in the back 39 is a notch
these ñanges being secured by fastening devices
41 shaped to accommodate the lower section V48
similar to the other flanges. The lower edge at
of a liue outlet 49, the upper part 5|) of which is
the respective sides of the notch 91 are also
carried by the back 39 of the dome. The part 48
has a plate portion 5| ñlling the notch 41 and 30 flanged to seat upon the rear web portion of the
fra-me 29 and be secured thereto by suitable fas
is provided with a flange 52 forming a continu
tening devices. The side members 59 and grill
ation of the flange 40 when the parts are assem
section thus cooperate with the dome and frame
bled. The lower section 48 also includes a sub
29 in forming an air passageway around the heat
stantially semicylindrical extension 53 which co
ed surfaces of the dome so that air moving
operates with the part 591:0 form a collar ex
through the slots 85 and openings 88 in the part
tending beyond the plane of the rear wall 8 to
86 is heated by contact with the hot surfaces of
connect a smoke pipe 54.
the dome and discharged through the slot-like
Fixed to the sides 44 of the door frame are
openings 84 of the grill portion, thereby provid
flanges 55 on forwardly extending wings 56, the
inga circulating section for the heater.
front edges of which substantially register with
The damper previously mentioned is best shown
the upwardly extended plane of the front wall
in Fig. '1 and includes a plate 89 slidable against
B and have outwardly extending flanges 51 round
the front E and which has openings 90 in the ends
ing into top flanges to provide a trim at the sides
thereof to register with openings 2| previously
of the door opening and to attach sheet metal
mentioned, the plate being secured to the front
side members 59 of the top section -5 previously ' 6 by a suitable fastening device 9| extending
mentioned. The lower edges of the wings have
through the slot 22. Extending forwardly and
notches 62 which cooperate with notches 63 in
downwardly from the plate is an arm 92 by which
lugs 64 carried on the front web portion 30 of
the damper may be manipulated. In order to
the frame 29 so as to provide journals mounting
improve the appearance and cover the damper,
trunnions 55 extending laterally from the lower
the frame 29 has a shield portion 93 extending
edge of a door 66, the door 95 being arranged
downwardly and outwardly over the damper in
to 'seat against the frame of the dome as shown
spaced relation therewith so as to provide air
in Fig- l. The sides of the door have inwardly
extending wings 61 to form guards for preventing
spilling of fuel from the door when the stove is
being charged with fuel as later described. The
lower ends of the wings terminate in hooked por
tions 68 which engage the flange 35 to limit open
ing movement of the door as shown in Fig. 2.
The door is provided with a suitable handle 69 to 60
facilitate opening and closing thereof,
The >side members 59 are preferably formed
of pressed metal and have wall portions 10 form
ing upward continuations of the sides 1 and the
front, rear and top marginal edges thereof round
inwardly and terminate in inwardly extending
inlet :to the damper` openings.
`
Supported on the flange |i is a plate 94 form
ing the bottom of the ash compartment and
which has upwardly directed marginal flanges 95
seating within the groove formed by the trim |0.
Mounted in the ash compartment and supported
on the lbottom 94 is the usual ash receptacle 96.
Positioned within the body section and sup
ported from the bottom 94 by corner legs 91 is an
outer grate member 98 having an imperforate
marginal portion 99 forming a ledge for support
ing refractories later described. The intermediate
portion of the grate ring has the usualslot-like
openings |99 and is provided with a central open
ing Il!! to accommodate a shaker grate |02 seated
upon a iiangeA |03 'encircling the opening |0| as
flanges 1|. The lower edges of the members 59
haveinwardly extending ñanges 12 to seat upon
the~ outer portion of the web 30 of the frame, the
.
side members 59 and frame 29 being attached to 70 best shown inFig. 3. - ' i
Mounted
within
the
corners
of
the
body
sec
the flanges of the body section by fastening de
tion are flue tiles |94 comprising superimposed
vices 13- extending through openings 14 of the
blocks. The flue tiles are best illustrated in Fig. 6
flanges 12, openings 15 in the web 30 and the
and are shown ascomprisingïwall portions. |05
openings v| 4 in the ñange I3 previously mentioned.
and |05 closely fitting within the curvature of
In order to connect the trim of the wings 56 with
2,410,576
5
the adjacent walls of the body section,- and protect
the body section from Contact with flames re
sulting in the flues as later described. The walls
I05'and ISS connect with diagonal walls |01 by
end walls IBB and IBB, The diagonal walls |01
have notches II-U in the upper edges thereof
which cooperate with similar notches in the lower
edges of an upper tile to form openings III
through which gases evolved incidental to coking
of fuel are discharged into the flue ducts I I2 that
are provided Within the interior of the iìue tiles.
tained at sufficiently low temperature to permit
enameling` 0r porcelaining, thereby providing a
radiant heater having all the desirable appear
ances of the more expensive full circulating type
of heater.
'
`
»
WhatI claim and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
'
.
1. In- a heater of the character described, a
sheet metal body section forming radiant heat
transmitting por-tions, a refractory lining facing
the inner surfaces of the section in covering re
The tiles are of a size so that they extend sub
lation with `said heat transmitting portions for
stantially to the top» of the body portion and the
forming a Afuel magazine therein, a »cast metal>
frame'supported- on the body section, a cast metal
outlet ends of the flue ducts are in direct corn
munication with the interior of the dome.
dome carried> by the frame for closing the top of
Interposed between the flue ducts are refrac
the magazine, sheet metal» sections supported on
tory lining blocks IIS which cooperate with the
the frame and forming upward continuations of
diagonal walls I'B'I of the flue tiles to form a fuel
said body section and having air inlet openings,
magazine> l lli above the grate. ’I’he refractories
and a sheet metal top- cooperating with said last
l I3 are of suñicient thickness to protect the metal 20 named sections to enclose said dome and having
of the side walls of the body section. With this
air outlet openings for circulation of air around
construction the exterior surfaces of the heater
said dome.
may be provided'with a finish such as baked
2.- Ina heater, a wrap-around sheet metal body
enamel, porcelain II5 or the like, since the re
having front, rear and side walls, a gratel sup
fractories absorb and distribute the heat gener
ported in upwardly inset relation from lower
ated by the burning fuel and `avoid hot sports
edges of said sheet to provide an ash> compart
which` ordinarily tend to craze enamel or porce
ment below said grate having walls formedr by@
lain finishes.
said sheet, flue tiles disposed within corners
The refractories are of a size to be inserted into
formed by adjacent walls and having refractory
position through the door opening. The side and 30 portions in heat conducting relation with said
rear refractories are inserted ñrst and followed
walls for distributing heat generated within the
by the front refractories, the upper of which is
flues to vsaid walls, refractory liners disposed be
slightly shorter and spli-t, as at I'I 6, Fig, 5, to facili
tween said flues and cooperating therewith to
tate placement and removal thereof when it is
form a fuel magazine above the grate, said flues
necessary to replace any of the tiles.
having openings connected with the magazine, a
cast metal frame supported upon said body'sec‘
In using the heater constructed and assembled
>as described, the door 56 is opening and a ñre
kindled upon the grate. A sufficient amount of
fuel is inserted through the door opening to i'lll
the magazine I I4.
The draft damper I9 is
opened so that sufficient air is admitted to the
ash compartment for upward flow through the
grate and into the refractory ñues by way of the
openings responsive to draft effected by the chim
tion and having a depending marginal rib en
gaging over the upper edge of said wrap around
sheet to cooperate with the grate in maintain
ing rigidity of said body, a cast metal dome car
ried by the frame and closing the top of the
magazine, a flue connection for said dome, and
sheet metal members enclosing the dome in
spacedrelation therewith to form a passageway
The ñre 45 around said dome for the circulation of air to be '
heated, said sheet metal members forming up
burns upwardly and inwardly of the magazine
ward continuations of the wrap around sheet.
and the burning fuel settles downwardly so that
the ashes are discharged through the grate into
3. In a heater, a wrap-around sheet metal body
forming front, rear and side walls, a grate sup
the ash pan 96. Burning of the fuel in the lower
portion of the magazine results in coldng of the . ported in upwardly inset relation from lower
edges 0f said sheet to provide an ash compart
fuel in the upper portion and discharge of gases
ment below said grate having walls formed by
therefrom, which gases are passed through the
said sheet, iiue tiles disposed within corners
o-penings of the flue tiles and burned therein,
ney to ‘which the stove is connected.
formed by adjacent walls and having refractory
the spent gases being discharged from the upper
portions in heat conducting relation with said
ends of the flue into the dome and through the
walls for distributing heat generated within the
dome- to the fiue outlet. Owing to the fact that
flues to said walls, refractory liners disposed be
the flue is in effect partially insulated from the
tween said flues and cooperating therewith to
side portions of the shell, the shell is maintained
forim a fuel magazine above the grate, said nues
at sufficient low temperature to prevent injury
to the exterior hnish thereof. The refractories GO having openings connected with the magazine, a
cast metal frame supported upon said body sec
also provide more eflicient and uniform distribu
tion and having a portion .engaging over the up
tion of the heat to the radiating surfaces, thereby
per‘edge of the Wrap around sheet to cooperate
avoiding hot spots that are ordinarilycharacter
with the grate in maintaining shape of said body,
istie of the magazine type stove. The spaces
a cast metal dome carried by the frame and clos
formed over the dome portion of the combustion
ing the top of the magazine, a flue connection'for
chamber provide for circulation of air through
said dome, apertured sheet metal sections form
the slot-like openings at the front and rear of
thecasing to carry away the top heat, thereby
ing upward continuations of said vside and rear
providing in part a circulating heater while the
walls, andy a grill top connecting said sheet metal
walls, front, and rear side members act as heat 'TO sections to enclose said dome.
'
. n
Y
radiating surfaces to heat the surrounding air.
4. In a heater, a wrap-around sheet metal
body forming front, rear and side walls, a grate
Fromthe foregoing it is obvious that I have
provided a radiant type stove of simple, inex
supported in the lower portion of said body, flue
tiles disposed within corners formed by adja
pensive construction and which is designed in
the manner that the exterior surfaces are main 75 cent walls and having refractory portions in heat
2,41 0,576
7
conducting relation with said walls for distrib
uting heat generated within the flues to said walls,
refractory> liners disposed Ibetween said flues and
cooperating therewith to form a fuel magazine
above the grate, said ñues having openingsvcon
nected with the magazine, a frame supported
upon said body section, a dome carried îbyA the
frame and closing the top of the magazine, a iiue
connection for said dome, means enclosing the
dome in spaced relation therewith to form a pas
sageway around said dome for the circulation of
air to be heated, said dome having an upwardly
and I_rearwardly inclined front provided with a
door frame, wings fixed to sides of the door frame
and connected with said dome enclosing means,
and a door for said frame;
Y
Y
l
e
clined frame for closing said fuel insert, opening,
side members forming upward extensions of the
side walls and spaced from adjacent sides of the
dome to provide Vair passageways therebetween,
a top member extending between the side mem
bers to form a passageway over the top of the
dome, and having a part forming an upward
continuation of the rear wall and having an
opening to pass the ñue outlet connection, said
mem-ber having openings for circulation oi air
through said pasageways.
8. `A heater including a sheet metal body hav
ing front, rear, and side walls, a grate supported
in upwardly inset relation from the lower edges
of said walls a distance to provide an ash com
partment within said walls below the grate, said
grate having marginal portions engaging said
5. In a heater, a wrap-around sheet metal body
walls, flue tiles disposed within said body above
forming front, rear and side walls, a grate sup
the grate and having refractory portions for dis
ported in the lower portion of said body, flue tiles
disposed within corners formed by adjacent walls 20 tributing heat generated within the flues to said
walls, refractory liners disposed between the iiues
and having refractory portions in heat conduct
and cooperating therewith to form a fuel maga
ing relation with said walls for distributing heat
zine above the grate, said flues having openings
generated within the ñues to said walls, refrac
for inlet of gases evolved in the magazine and
tory liners disposed between said flues and co
operating therewith to form a fuel magazine 25 having outlets at their upper ends for products
above the grate, said iiues having openings con
of combustion, a frame supported on the body
section and having a marginal portion engaging
nected with the magazine, a frame supported
upper ends of said walls, a dome carried by the
upon said body section, a dome carried by the
frame and closing the top of the magazine, a iiue ~ frame and covering the top of the magazine, a
connection for said dome, means venclosing the 30 flue connection for said dome, means covering
the dome and having portions forming upward
dome in spaced relation therewith a form a pas
continuations oi the side and rear walls and
sageway around said dome for the circulation of
spaced from said dome to provide passageways
air to be heated, said dome having an upwardly
and rearwardly inclined front provided with a
for circulation of air to be heated, a door in the
door frame, wings fixed to sides of the door frame 35 front of the dome, and means closing the bottom
of the ash compartment.
and connected with said dome enclosing means,
a door for said trama-cooperating bearing por
9. A heater including a sheet metal body hav
tions in said wings and on said frame forming
ing front, rear, and side walls, a grate supported
journals, and trunnions on the lower side edges
'in upwardly inset relation from the lower edges
of the door having support in said journals.
40 of4 said walls a distance to provide an ash com
6. A heater including a body having front, rear,
partment within said walls below the grate, said
grate having marginal portions engaging said
and side walls, a frame supported on said body
and having a marginal portion engaging upper
ends of said walls, a dome on said frame covering
the upper end of said body and having a fuel in
sert opening above the front wall of said body,
an upwardly and rearwardly inclined >frame for
said fued insert opening, wings Aextending for
wardly from the sides of said inclined frame and
having front portions substantially registering
walls, flue tiles disposed within said body above
the grate and having refractory portions for dis
tributing heat generated within the ilues to said
walls, refractory liners disposed between the
iiues and- cooperating therewith to form a fuel
magazine above the grate, said ?lues having open
ings for inlet of gases evolved in the magazine
and having- outlets at their upper ends for prod
ucts'of combustion, >a frame supported on the
-body section and having a marginal portion en
gaging upper ends of said walls, a dome carried
by the frame and covering the top of the maga
zine and having a fuel insert opening above the
front wall of said body, a flue connection for said
dome, an upwardly and rearwardly inclined
frame for said fuel insert opening, wings ex
tending forwardly from the sides of said opening
with the front wall, a door positioned between
said wings and cooperating with the inclined.
frame for closing- said Yfuel insert opening, side
members forming upward extensions of the side
walls and spaced from adjacent sides of theV dome
to provide air passageways therebetween, and a
top member extending between the side members
to form a passageway over the top of the dome,
said members having openings for circulation of
air through said passageways.
60 and having front portions substantially regis
'7. Av heater including _a body having iront,
tering‘ with the front wall, a door positioned be
rear, and side walls, a frame supported on said
tween said wings and cooperating with the in
body and having a marginal portion engaging
covering the upper end of said body and having
a fuel insert opening above the front wall of said
clined frame for closing the fuel insert opening,
side` members forming upward continuations of
theV side walls and spaced from adjacent sides of
thedome to provide air passageways therebe
body and a ilue outlet connectionat the rear side
tween, and a top member extending between the
of said body, an upwardly and rearwardly in
clined frame for said fuel insert opening, wings
extending forwardly from the sides of said open
side members to form a passageway over the
upper ends of said walls, a dome on said frame
ing and having front portions substantially reg
istering with the front wall, adoor positionedV
between said wings and cooperating'V with the in
top ofthe dome and having a part forming an
upper continuation oi' the rear wall, said part
having an opening for said flue connection.
EDWIN ESSON.
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