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Nov. 5, 1946.
I
21,410,673
H. o. NAUMAVNN
RRocRss FOR THE MANUFACTURR 0F SYNTHETIC YARN
Original Filed `~July 14. 1942
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PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC 'YARN
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PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN
Original Filed July 14. 1942
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PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN
Original Filed July 14. 1942
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PROCÉSS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN
Original Fi1~ed July 14, 1942
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PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN
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Nov. 5, 1946.
2,410,673
_ H. O. NAUMANN
PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN
Original Filed July 14. 1942
9 SheetseSheet 7
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2,410,673
PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE- OF SYNTHETIC YARN
Drigínal- Filed July 14. 1,942
9 Sheets-‘Sheet 8
Nov. 5, 17946.' _
-
H. o. NAUMANN
2,410,673 *
PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SYNTHETIC YARN`
lQI‘ÍLgiI'lELl »Filed July 14. 1942
I
`
9 Sheets-Sheet 9
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
2,410,673
UNITED, STATES
.cÀTiENT OFFICE
2,410,673 ,
-
'
Pnooess Fon 'rue MANÚFACTURE or v «
SYNTHETIC YARN g
Herbert 0. Naumann, Englewood,'N.-J., ,assignervk `
to North American Rayon Corporation, New
York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware
Original application July 14, ‘1942, Serial No.
450,934. Divided and this application .lune 3,
194s, sena1No.4s9,555 .
3 Claims.
'
l
(el. .1e-_54)
larly concerned with a process and apparatus for
the continuous manufacture of Wet> spun threads.
Continuous spinning., as the name ` implies,
comprises the introduction of a, hydrated colloid
into a spin bath to form a thread the after-treat
ment of successive portions of the freshly formed
thread While it is moving from the spin hathl to a
point of collection and the» collection of the com
pletel’y ñnished thread into a commercially sale
v
'
f
«
.
VThe very nature of continuous operation ren
ders the handling of the thread, for instance
fromone treating unit to another or during the
exchange of. an empty bobbin for a full one,
extremely diiiicult. :Def-t and accurate handling
of the thread during these periods is of extreme
importance and demands the exercise of unusual
precautions to avoid loss `of time and waste of
materials.
.
.
.
One of the objects of this invention is to reduce
to a minimum the time required for the transfer
of the thread from one element of the machine
to another and hence avoid any more loss of pro-v 25
duction than is absolutely necessary for the
transfer.
.
2
,
This invention relates to the manufacture of
threads of synthetic origin„and is more particu
able package.
`
'
,
Another Yoloject is to properly support the
thread at all times, i. e., during the threading-up
of» the machine or'during the exchange of a full
bohbin for an empty one and hence facilitate the
handling ofthe thread during such periods so. as
to avoid undue Waste.
`
The above >and other objects may be attained
by employing thisY invention which embodies
among its features forming a thread, leading the
formed thread through varicus stages of treat
ment, temporarily` collecting- the threadvinto a
waste bundle betweenl its peint of origin and its
point of collection, meanwhile performing an
intra-related thread-handling operation such as
transferring the thread from one unit to another
apparent upon consideration of the following
detailed description thereof in conjunction with
the annexed drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is an endview, partially in section,
of a preferred type of continuous spinning
machine constructed according to this invention;
Figure 2 is a View in side elevation illustrating
a portion of the right or spinning side of the
machine of Figure l;
Figure 3 is a view inside` elevation illustratingk
a portion of the left or .'ñ'nishing side of the
machine of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a schematic'perspective view of a
typical driving arrangement for the spinning
:lachine shown in Figures 1 to 3, inclusive;
Figure 5 is. a top plan view vof the entire
mechanism for transporting thread from one
lto the other side of the spinning machine of Fig
u're‘l during threading up thereof, and underlying
thread-storage, thread-advancing units being c
_omitted for convenience in illustration;
Figure 6 is a top plan view partially in section,
takenalong _the line 6--6 of Figure 1 and serving
toY further illustrate the mechanism shown in
Figure 5 ;I .
"
` Figure "7 is a fragmentary plan view of the
operating deck with which the leftv side of the
spinning machine'of Figure lis provided ;l
>.Figure 8 is a perspective view of the ring
twister threading apparatus used in conjunction
with the present invention;>
l
Figure 9 is a View in longitudinal section of a
temporary thread collecting device used in con
junction With the threading up of the> ring
twister shown in Figure 8 ;
n '
Figure l0 is a view in section taken along the
line lil-i8 of Figure 9 ;
Figure l1A is a view in sec-tion taken along the
line i l-_l l of Figure 9;
-'Figure l2 is an end view, partially in section,
of aspinning machine constructed according to
this invention but somewhat modiñed for con
or exchanging a full thread package for an empty
one, separating the waste bundle from the on
venient attachment to pre-existing spinning
coming thread and directing the oncoming
threadto successive elements of the machine for
Figure 13 is a view in side elevation illustrat
ing a portion of the right or spinning side of the
further manipulationr
'
equipment;I
`
y
'
machine of Figure 12, one godet driving connec
Another feature of the invention is a collecting
tion being shown in section.
device movable from station to station on the
Referring novv in detail to Figures 1 to 4, inclu
machine upon which the oncoming thread may 50 sive, it will be seen that the spinning machine
he wound preparatory to or While it is being
y illustrated includes a number of «spinning units,
transferred from one element of the machine to
' each-consisting basically of a spinneret l0 and a
another and means to arrest the collecting device.
pair of thread-storage,_thread-advancing devices
and hold it in proper relation to the elements» of
i i and i2. On devices H and l2, the- freshly
a station.
.,
`
`
Other advantages of this invention will be
iormedthread is subjected to all required after
t'reatments', whereupon it is concurrently twisted
2,41 0,673
evident that the amount of stretch to be im
parted to the thread in any particular instance
may also vary. ' For this reason, shaft 39 is con
nected through gear 49 (Fig. 4) to gear 4| on the
delivery side of a connoid drive variable speed
\ transmission 42 of any conventional type. This
- transmission is driven from a gear 43 keyed on
shaft 25 through a gear 44. Since motor I1 drives
shaft 25, it is apparent that godets 3| and pumps
i5 are driven from a common power source al
though the speed of each is independently ad
justable. From the godet 3|, around the wheels
preparation of a thread in the form of a hydrated
colloid, the apparatus will be specifically dis
cussed in conjunction with the manufacture of
viscose rayon.
4
of threads of widely varying characteristics, it is
and collected on twisting spindle I3 in ñnished
form. For convenience in illustration, all of the
component units of vacontinuous spinning ma
chine constructed according to the present in
vention have not been illustrated. It is contem
plated, however, that a single machine _include
some 50 to 70 spinning unitsarranged in align
ment as illustrated. While it will be increasingly
evident upon consideration of the following de
scription that this invention is adaptable to any
type of wet spinning operation.> involving the
of which the thread is wound several times to
prevent slipping, each thread is led to its re
'
spective thread-storage, thread-advancing unit
I _| either directly or through bath trough 34. As
Upon reference to Figure 2, it will be seen that
all of the spinnerets I9 are disposed in a single
common spin bath container I4 which extends for
can be seen in the drawings, each unit I | is com
prised of two generally horizontally extending
the -full length ofthe machine. The spinnerets
and 46.
are -inounted on the front wall of bath container 20 rollers45
Although rollers 45 and 49 both extend gener
I 4 in the usual manner which permits individual
ally horizontally, it is the usual practice to dis
removal of aspinneret in case of localized oper
pose theaxis of roller 4B in a truly horizontal di
ating difficulty.> A gear pump -I5 is associated
rection while that of roller 45 is slightly inclined
withîeach spinneret I9 serving to supply viscose
with respect to the horizontal so that the axes of
25
solution _under pressure to thespinneret through
the two rollers constituting a unit II will lie in
the usual ¿filter I5. So that each spinneret will
intersecting planes. Thus, drive shaft 41, which
extrude a thread of like characteristics, all of the
extends axially from roller 46, is truly horizontal.
gear pumps I 5 are driven from` a common power
This shaft is provided with a_ gear 48 which
source suchf'a's an' electric motor' "I1, see Figure 4.
Each pump I5 is' provided with a gear `I8 mesh 30 meshes ‘with a gear 49 on a main drive shaft 50.
As is the case with shaft 39, shaft 50 traverses
ingwith a gear I9, all of the latter being keyed
the entire machine and is provided- with a num
to _a- common shaft 29,1'iavirf1g‘on> one end thereof
ber of gears 49 corresponding to the number of
-a'driving gear-2|. _The rotor shaft of motor I1
carries a sheave 22 connected-by a belt 23 with a
sheave24 keyed on a shaft 25, which, addition
rollers 45 which must be driven. A housing 5|
35 surrounds gears 43 and 49 to protect the same
ally, carries a driving >gear 25. A gear train con
sistingl'of gears 21, 28,V 29 and 30 serves to con
nectgearìii Aand gear 2| sov as toïestablish a driv- ,
ing connectiontothe various pumps I5. It is ap» 40
parent thatäalthough, at >any vone speed of shaft
25, >the> deliveryV of all .pumps _I5 ‘will .be uniform,
the *speedy ofi shaft 2`0"may. be varied by substitut
ing gears of different diameters- in gear train 21,`
2,9, 29, 3Std bring about changes in denier von the
part of thevthread extruded through spinnerets
I0 by alteration in pump pressure. Y
.. At spaced points along. the lengthof the 'rear
v‘fall'efl spin yhath container .|4, godets 3| are pro
vided, each of these consisting of a driven wheel
32 and afreely rotatable one 33. The thread'is
suing from each-'spinneret I9 is ñrst led around
the‘re'sp'ective Ygodet -3|
then to the thread
storage, thread-advancing
Ii I. Alternatively,
the-thread _maybe ledl fromgodet 3| through a
bath trough> 34 structurally similar to troughV I4,_
but adapted to contain hot water or hot acid de
pending upon the chemical requirements in any
particular instance» In trough >34 the thread is
passed arounda freely rotatableïguide 35 and then
ledto thread-storage, thread-advancing unit II.
ïtî'will ¿be understood that the use of trough 34 or
its elimination is entirely a matter of the chem
istrygof `'thread treatment since, in a mechanical
sense,.the_ thread may -be led with equal ease di
rectlyfromgodet 3| to thread-storage, thread
advancing unit II or passed through trough 34
underroller 35._ Since the driven wheel 32 of
each; godet 3| `is connected with a vertical shaft 35
havingv al gear»Y 31 attached at the lower end
thereof and since _all gears 31 are driven from
similar- gears 38§spaced along-_shaft 39, it is evi
dent that all the godets 3| will have the same
takeup _orperipheral speed derived from a com
mon source,` „Since the spinning machine 'ofthe
present inventionl is adaptable to the manufacture
from dirt‘and to provide support for bearings 52
and 53 in which shaft 41 is mounted. Housing
5I ‘is supported in fixed position on a rigid frame
member 54 held in position by any suitable means.
not shown.
_
»
_
_ _In connectionwith roller 45, a somewhat simi
lar arrangement is employed, this roller being pro
vided with an axial shaft 55 supported in bearings
>56 and 51 in turn supported in'a housing 58.
Within'housing 58 is a main drive shaft 59, ex
tending for the entire length of the machine.
Gears' 69 are located at spaced points along this
shaft, one meshing with each of gears 5I keyed to
respective
shafts
55.
‘
_
_
_
_
'
" Inasmuch as roller 45 does not extend in atruly
horizontal direction, it is evident that this roller
will, when properly disposed with respect to roller
46,’ cause thread wound in a coil around the two
rollers to move axially of the unit. The theory
of _operation of two-roller thread-storage, thread
advancing units is the familiar one that thread
drawn onto a roller will approach the same at a
right angle to the direction ofjpull which is, of
course, from the axis thereof. Thus, if roller 45
is slightly inclined with respect to the horizontal
so that thelaxis thereof and that of roller 46
converge in the direction of their unsupported
ends, thread wound around the two rollers will
necessarily progress in the direction of con-vergence, i. e., toward the unsupported end of the
unit. Since the spacing between adjacent con
nected coils is a function of the angle of con
` vergence, it is also evident that the angle will
determine the number of coils in unit II at any
given vtime which», in turn, will control the dura
tion of any treatment they may receive wduring
passage »thereoven `assuming a constant linear
speed. Thus, in the interest of accurate control'
of the duration >of the treatments to be accom
2,410,673
6
.plished on unit lI I', the position of the am‘s of
roller 45 is rendered adjustable. To this end,
posite side of the machine. Guide roller 'I0 is sup'
ported on a bracket extending upwardly from
each housing 58 is provided with an arcuate _Cover
collection trough l2 underlying roller 46, while
portion i132 which surrounds the upper portion of
guide roller 'il is supported on a bracket attached
to a portion of the machine frame. The path of
and rests upon a tubular support 63 which ex
Cn
tends for the full length of the machine and
the thread to .and from unit .II is shown in Fig
ure i, the spaced coils wound around the two
rollers being omitted for convenience in illustra
tion, see Patent No. 2,194,470 to Hartmann et al.
It will be understood of course that treating li
quids are supplied to the yarn on the rollers d5
serves >to carry in like manner >all of the housings
58. _Since tubular support 63 will carry considera
ble load it is contemplated that at spaced points
along its length it be Ysuitably »held from any con
venient portion ofthe main frame of the machine.
Shaft 53 is centered within tubular support E3, the
and at by supply pipes L232 and 234 respectively.
latter having slots therein ,at spaced points along
' En the operation of> the machine, it is evident
its length to permit meshing of gears Bü and 6I,
that the rollers ¿S5 and d6 must be driven at the
same peripheral speed. This is best done by
driving shafts 5i) and 59 (Fig. 4) in synchronism
as .may `be seen in Figure 1.
.Since all of the housings ,58 float on tubular
support 63, it is evident that they are rotatable
thereabout. Similarly, since shaft 59 .is centered
in tubular support 53, it is equally evident that
from a common power source or by driving one
shaft from the other. Shafts 50 and 59 are pro
vided with pinions 'i3 and 14, respectively, of
like size, both pinions meshing with a driving gear
housing 58' may be rocked without interfering ~
with the meshing of gears ‘to and E I, the arcuate
slots in the underside of tubular support 83 being
of sufficient amplitude to permit considerable an
gular displacement of the housings 58. Because
each housing 58 contains bearings 55 and 51 of
'iii driven from a gear ‘I8 on main power shaft 25.
While it is important that the peripheral speeds
of rollers ¿l5 and ¿E be identical, it is evident that
their talreup speed may kbe in excess of the de
livery speed of the adjacent godet 3| so that
stretching may occur between each unit II and
shaft 55 any movement of the former about
tubular support .63 will, of necessity, alter the an
its associated vgodet 3l'. Arrows in Figures 1, 2
guiar disposition of the latter. The adjustments,
and 4 serve to illustrate the direction of rotation
of course, involve only a slight angular displace
of the rollers of unit II.
ment of housing 58. This is effected' by turning a 30
It will be recognized that the axial movement
shaft 64 having an end bearing 55 which is pivot
of the coils of thread from the supported to
ally attached to a support 65a. Shaft ed is pro
ward the unsupported end of thread-storage,
thread-advancing device II will occur only after
that device has been threaded up. To do this
the depending arms of a bifurcated member 66 35 it is, of course, first necessary to initiate rotation
attached to the bottom of and extending down
of shafts 5i) and 59, which, through the inter
wardly from housing 5B. The free end of- shaft
mediate gearing, cause rotation of shafts ?'i and
64 is located adjacent a removable dust cap t1
55 and the rollers ¿E and d5, carried thereby. This
and is adapted for engagement by a driving tool,
is done by starting motor I'I, which action like
operated from the front of the machine, such as
wise causes operation of the pumps I5 as well
as godets 3l. At this stage, the spinning solution
a wrench. Thus, when shaft Gli is rotated, bifur
cated member t6 through its nut is moved either
is extruded from each spinneret l5. The opera
closer to or further away from pivoted end bearing
tor then grips the material issuing from the spin
55 of said shaft @Il depending upon the direction
neret, pulls it up from the bath and winds the re
of rotation. Movement of biiurcated member B'I 4.5 sulting thread several times around godet wheels
toward end bearing S5 tends to cause lowering
32 and
melting enough convolutions to pre
of the unsupported end of roller G5, while move
vent slipping. The thread is then led from the
ment in the other direction has the reverse ef
godet, and wound around rollers 45 and ¿ä in the
fect. In either case, housing liß'is pivoted about
form of a closed coil consisting of a number of
tubular' support 53 to change the angular posi
i contiguous or superimposed convolutions. This
tion of shaft 55 and cylinder 45 concentrically
coil may be wound near the supported end of
vided with a threaded area over which a nut is
passed. This nut is pivotally attached between
mounted thereover.
Since a screw is used to
the unit i! in which case it will move as a body
alter the position of shaft 55, it is evident that the
adjustment is self-locking.
to the unsupported end of the unit and the suc
cessively spun thread will be wound on in a po
'
sition determined by the angular disposition of
As illustrated in Figure 2, rollers ¿l5 and ¿le
which constitute 4unit EI are arranged in such a
way that their axes lie in the same vertical plane
but are convergent in the direction of the unsup
ported end of the unit. This is convenient from
the standpoint of space economy, but is not es ci)
the roller 45. As the coil begins to move toward
the unsupported end of unit á l, the operator drops
sential. It is evident that the axial feeding theory
will likewise obtain in any arrangement involving
at least two rollers, the axes of which lie iny in
the unit. When the closed coil reaches the un
supported end of the unit l I, the thread is broken
between the co-il and the spaced convolutions on
the roller and the coil is removed and discarded.
tersecting planes.
The thread leaving the godet 3l is first led on to
the upper cylinder Q5 of unit I I over a guide roller
the connecting thread into freely rotatable guide
roller t3 so that each newly formed coil will'be
located `directly adjacent the supported end of
'» The resulting free end of thread is then led un
der roller if? and over roller 'Ii and onto a ro
bracket extending from collection trough 69
tating temporary collecting device il. This de
vice is moved bodily from the position shown in
Figure l to a position overlying a guide roller i8
which underlies roller d5.
bearing a position with respect to thread-stor
lili, located adjacent the supported end of cylin
der
said guide roller being supported on a
It is led off of the
opposite side of upper roller d5 of unit I'I, under
a guide roller il) adjacent the free end of the unit,
over a guide roller 'II and from thence over a
guide roller ‘J8 to a thread-storage, thread
advancing unit I2 which is mounted~ on the 'op
age, thread-advancing unit i2 similar to the po
sition of guide ll with respect to unit I í. AUnit
i2 may then be threaded up Ain the manner ¿lust
described.
`
"
'
‘Upon consideration of Figur-es -l yand' 2r, it will- '
2,410,673
7
be seen that some difficulty may be encountered in
v»winding a closed coil around rollers 45 and 46
near their supported ends because of bath. trough
72. It is entirely possible to mount bath trough
I2, however, in such a Vway that it may be tilted
to a position sufficiently vspaced from the roller
so'as to obviate interference with threading up
as previously described. The tilting of trough
"i2, while of convenience in some installations,
isinfno sense essential. VIn Figure l it can be
fseenthat the free end of roller 4S extends be
yond the end of trough l2.v When this arrange
8
end of thread is wound around rotating tem
porary collecting device Tl, and motor 80, with
the temporary collecting device, is bodily moved
from right to left as viewed in Figure 1 so that
temporary collecting device 'Il is positioned ad
jacent the supported end of thread-storage,
thread-advancing unit l2. The peripheral speed
of the small cylinder 'Il constituting the tem
porary collecting device is so correlated with the
speed of bodily movement of the temporary col
lecting device across the machine from right t0
left in Figure l that the cumulative takeup effec
tive at the free end of unit Il is very slightly in
excess of the delivery speed of that unit. In
this way, the occurrence of slack is avoided while
thethread is not subjected to excessive tension.
So that a plurality of adjacent pairs of thread
ment is used, any of the thread-storage, thread
advancing units may be threaded up by winding
the closed coil adjacent the unsupported end
thereof and manually leading the connecting
thready over freely rotatable guide roller 58. If
this is done, a stop guide 'lq1 must be used to pre
vent >the coil from running off the end of the
up with maximum convenience, another small
' unit while it is threading itself. In Figure 2 it
«can be seen that guide 'i9 is in the form of a
cylindrical temporary collecting device 8l is dis
posed in horizontally oiTset position with respect
storage, thread-advancing units may be threaded
porcelain loop pivotally attached to a bracket
to device 11 a distance equal to the space be
aflixed to trough 69. In_the full line position
tween the axes of adjacent units. Device 8| is
of Figure `2, guide 19 functions to prevent the
supported and driven from a motor 82 of struc
thread loop from moving axially off the end of 25 ture and functional characteristics similar to mo
theunit. When not in use, guide 'i9 may be
tor .85). Upon reference to Figures l and 5, it
manually swung to the broken line position of
can be seen that collecting devices 'l1 and 8|
Figure 2 `where it will no longer Contact the
are normally disposed on opposite sides of the
thread connecting tangentially rollers ¿i5 and 46.
machine. Thus, when collecting device 'H is over
When the closed coil is wound adjacent the 30 lying a thread-storage, thread-advancing device
free end of unit Il, around cylinders 45 and
Il, temporary collecting device 8| is in a simi
4B, the threading _action of the unit is brought
lar position over an adjacent thread-storage,
about by the winding of additional coils of new
thread-advancing device I2.
ly spun thread thereon and by the pulling of a
Upon reference now to Figures 2 and 3, the
few of the convolutions off of the closed coil in 35 manner of threading up a machine by the use
the direction of the supported end of the unit,
of collecting devices 11 and 8l may be ascertained.
the latter occurring when the takeup speed of
In Figure 2, temporary collecting device 'Il is
the thread-storage, thread-advancing device is in
disposed above a thread-storage, thread-advanc
excess of the speed of delivery of the thread there
ing unit Il designated by the reference letter A.
to. As threading up commences, the spacing be 40 At the> same time, temporary collecting device
tween coils will be relatively great, but will grad8l is over a thread-storage, thread-advancing
ually lessen until the spacing predetermined by
device I2 in aligned position behind the unit H
the angular adjustment of roller 45 has been
marked B on Figure 2. When unit A has been
reached. At this time, the closed coil can be
threaded up, the operator leads the free end of
broken off and discarded and the thread led to a 45 thread around temporary collecting device Tl.
new stage as, for example, `temporary collecting
which is driven by motor 8d continuously through
device 'I1 in the case ofaunit l I .
out the threading up period. Thereafter, motor
While the foregoing description of threading
8B is bodily moved to the opposite side of the ma
up has been confined to the threading up of unit
chine, carrying with it the thread issuing from
. il, it is evident that exactly the same procedure 50 unit A which is being concurrently wound on
may be followed in the case of unit I2. Thus, the - device l1. At the same time, temporary collect
trough underlying the lower roller of each unit
ing device 8l is moved toward the operator on the
l2 may be moved away from the roller to permit
spin bath side of the machine to a position over
threading up by winding a closed coil adjacent
unit B similar to the position previously occupied
the supported end of the unit 0r a guide such 55 by temporary collecting device 11 over unit A.
as guide 19 may be used to permit winding the
Thus, one operator on the spin bath side of the
closed coil adjacent the unsupported end of .the
machine may be threading up a unit B while
unit. Neither of these is illustrated in Figure l.
another operator on the finishing side may be
It is contemplated, however, that a guide such
threading a unit l2 in alignment with the unit l l
as ,guide 19 be associated with the trough of the 60 marked A.Y In this way, both of the operators
upper roller of unit l2 in the same manner that
are continuously occupied. It will, of course, be
guide 'I9 is associated with trough B9.
understood that when the temporary collecting
After the thread-storage, thread-advancing
device completes its bodily movement across the
unit l! has been threaded up, it has been stated
machine, it will have wound thereon a very small
that the thread is carried from a point adjacent 65 amount of thread. This is treated as waste and
the free end of that unit to a point adjacent
the thread is broken by the operator directly ad
the supported end of thread-storage, thread-ad
jacent the collecting device and led around the
vancing unit l2 so that the latter may be threaded
thread-storage, thread-advancing unit in ques
up in the manner previously described. This
tion in a manner previously described. After the
movement is effected by leading the free end of 70 unit B of Figure 2 has been threaded, the posi
thread from thread-storage, thread-advancing
tion of temporary collecting devices Tl and 8l is
unit il to a smalll rotating cylinder. 'l1' consti
again reversed. The operator then breaks the
tuting a temporary collecting device. Collect
t thread adjacent temporary collecting device 8l
ing device 11 is supported by and driven» through
and begins threadingV the lunit l2 which is in
suitable gearing fromda motor 80. Thus, the free 75 alignment with unit _B of Figure 2. 'I'hread
2,410,673
10
storage, thread-advancing unit'H, in its return
each of arms 9|) and 9|. Thus, for example, the
movement from the finishing side to the spinning
rotation of motor 58» in one direction may be
stopped when armL 93 reaches a predetermined
side of the machine, carries no thread over to a
point above unit A since this unit has already
been threaded. Accordingly, immediately after
breakage of the thread adjacent temporary col
lecting device 8l, as the operator starts to thread
the unit i2 behind B of Figure
the entire
position and the rotation in the other direction
may be; stoppe'dvwhen 4arm 9| reaches similar
predetermined position at the same end of frame
ce. Since motor 93 will necessarily develop a
certain amount of inertia in operation, it is highly
assembly supporting temporary collecting devices
desirable that the stoppage thereof be eiîected
l? and 8| is moved to the right of Figure 2 a 10 instantaneously to' prevent possible damage of
distance equal to twiceY the distance between
the equipment caused yby either of members Sii
or el' exceeding the full amplitude of movement
the centers of adjacent units. This brings col
on screws S3 and 8d.. This is conveniently done
lecting device 'l'l over unit || marked C and
by providing a magnetic brake H32 (Figs. 2 and 5) ,
device 8| over a unit l2 behind and in alignment
the control circuit for which is in circuit with the
with unit D. When this stage has been reached,
the previously described operation is repeated and
so on until the entire machine is threaded up.
It has been stated that motors SQ and 82 and
the temporary collecting devices supported and
limit switches.
This brake |832 is conveniently
' located on the end of the rotor shaft of motor 93
opposite pinion 9d.
The bodily movement of temporary collecting
driven thereby are bodily moved across the width 20 devices 'l'l- and 8| across the machine has now
of the machine. This movement is effected by
been described. It has been previously stated,
the concurrent rotation of oppositely threaded
however, that frame 85 is subject to bodily move
screws 83 and 8d (Figs. 5 and 6) supported in
ment lengthwise of the machine. To this- end
rectangular frame 85 and in respective driving
frame ¿l5 is supported from a car H33 having two
pairs of flanged wheels IM and |135 which ride
engagement with interiorly threaded members
in rails |06 and IM supported above the machine
88 and @l which surround the threaded shafts
E3 and 8d and have depending Shanks 8i# and 39
in any convenient manner, see Figure l. Wheels
Itâ may turn freely on axle lcd or may be
which serve to support motors 83 and 82, respec
tively. To prevent pivotal movement of motors
attached thereto, the only requisite being that
Sii and c2 and the assemblies carried thereby about 30 ~the wheel and axle assembly is freely rotatable.
threaded shafts 83 and 84 as axes, brought about
Wheels m4, however, are attached for free rota
tion at the ends of axle |99 and this axle, midway
b_y the ‘rotation of those shafts, members |36 and
of its length, carries a keyed pinion lli) which
8l are provided with arms si! and @l extending
in mutually convergent relation at right angles
is adapted to mesh with a rack | | | which extends
for the full length of the machine at a position
to respective shanks E8 and 88. The free ends
midway between rails |06 and Iû‘l. The manner
of arms Sil and @i are slotted and receive therein
of driving car |03 through rack and pinion | lt
a guide rail 92 which extends for the full width
||| can now be described. To this end, axle '|09
oi the machine and is suitably supported in
is provided with a keyed sprocket |l2 connected
frame S5.
Since shafts 83 and 8d are oppositely threaded, 40 by a chain H3 with a sprocket llt on the rotor
shaft of a motor ||5.» Thus, upon rotation of
it will be apparent that, if both are driven, mem
motor llîe', sprocket ||2 keyed to axle |09 will
bers 3c and 8l will move across frame S5 in oppo
cause rotation of pinion | lll, which, meshing with
site directions carrying with them the respective
rack l l l, will pull the car |93 in a direction oppo
motors 8|) and 82 and temporary collecting devices
site to the direction of rotation of pinion lili.
l? and 6|.
By energizing motor H5, lthe car |53 is moved
The intermittent rotation of shafts 83 and 54
lengthwise of the spinning machine. It is desir
is effected through a reversible motor S3, the
rotor shaft of which is provided with a pinion
able,-however, that the lengthwise movement be
controlled so that temporary collecting devices 'll
94. Pinion 9d is operatively connected to threaded
and 8| will be moved a distance exactly equal to
shaft E3 thro-ugh an idler gear e5 which meshes
twice the distance between the centers of adja
with a gear QS keyed to threaded shaft 83. A
similar gearing arrangement including an idler
cent units. This controlled movement is effected
by so arranging the diameter of pinion H8 that
Si and a gear 93 keyed to shaft Se serves to estab
lish a driving connection between the latter and
360° of movement thereof will move the car
pinion 9G. Conveniently, the gearing connecting 55 exactly the desired distance. After completion
the rotor of motor 93 and shafts 83 and 8d is
of lthis movement, motor | l5 is . automatically
enclosed in a dust-proof housing 99. It can now
be seen that for any given direction of rotation
de-energized and the inertia thereof automati
cally overcome. This is eifected through a tim
ing disc | t5 keyed to axle IBS adjacent pinion || ß.
opposite directions. It is necessary, however, that 60 Thisv disc, as may be seen in Figure 2, is provided
>of »motor S3, members 85 and fil will be driven in
the direction of bodily movement of collecting
with a notch and‘serves to position a switch arm
devices 'l'l and 8| be reversed each succeedingf
Il?. Disc lili is so disposed on axle |99 that the
operation thereof. It is for this reason that motor
notch therein will be in registry with switch arm
93 is of a reversible type. The exact construc
~||'| Vupon completion of the desired movement
tion of motor S3 formsy no part of this invention, 65 lengthwise of the machine. Thus, arm lll is
it being contemplated that any conventional re
normally held in a position to maintain the cir
versible electric motor of suitable characteristics
cuit ‘to motor ||5 closed. It serves to open the
may be used. The motor is controlled through
circuit to> motor H5, however, when in registry
va circuit, not shown, from a pair of push bottoms
with the notch of disc | It, and, at the saine time,
l-ilil and lill (Fig. 1), each of which serves to drive 70 through relays to operate a magnetic .brake H8
the motor in one direction only. The stoppage
of a type similar to magnetic brake |132 previ
of motor @3 _is effected automatically by a pair
ously described. Thus, motor H5 is automati
of limit switches of any conventional construc
cally stopped. Initiation of rotation thereof is
tion disposed on opposite sides of bar Q2 adjacent
effected through switch arms ||9 and 12|) con
one of its ends, one switch being in the path> of 76 nested at the ends of along shaft |2| which
andava
11
12
extends for the full width of the machine.
Switch arms HSS-and |20 are disposed in a posi
tion to be conveniently operated from either side
that the angular disposition of shaft |34 may be
varied by the employment of a construction such
as that used in changing the angular position of
shaft 55. Since the apparatus employed is iden
tical to that used in conjunction with roller 45,
of the machine by pull cords. A linkage |22, |23,
|24 connects shaft |2| with switch box |25 in
which the various controls for both motors H5
further description thereof is deemed unneces
sary. Note threaded shaft |40 which corresponds
to similar shaft 64 and dust cap |4| through
removal of which access to shaft |40 may be
and_9,3 _are located, as well as the relays for the
operation of the magnetic brakes.
It can be seen
that if the operator Pulls switch arm H6 and
gained in order to adjust the angular disposi
then immediately releases it, motor H5 will
operate until the notch in disc | I6 permits switch
tion of roller |26. Housing |32, which corre
sponds to housing 5| on the other side of the
machine, is mounted on a portion of the main
arm ||1 to open the circuit. At this point it will
automatically stop. On the other hand, if the
operator should hold switch arm H9 during the
‘time that the notch in disc H6 and switch arm
vH1 are in registry, motor H5 would continue to
run.
frame in such a way that shaft |26 extends in a
truly horizontal position. It will be recalled that
the angular position of shaft 41 is not adjustable.
This is also true of shaft |28.
Thus, while the lengthwise movement of `
car |03 will normally occur stepwise, it can be
It is, of course, necessary that each upper
roller |26 and its corresponding lower roller |21
controlled to any extent by the operator. Switch
arm `|20 is used to drive motor ||5 in the other 20 be driven at the same peripheral speed. It is
direction and is normally employed for returning
likewise desirable that the takeup speed of unit
I2 be approximately the same as the delivery
the entire threading up assembly to one end of
the machine after threading up has been effected.
speed of unit H. Upon reference to Figure 4,
the manner of accomplishing this may be ascer
_Having now described the manner in which
the machine is threaded up including the appa
tained. In that figure, it can be noted that
ratus for transferring the free ends from the
main drive shafts |3| and |31 are provided with
units H to their respective units |2, the details
gears |42 and |43, respectively. These gears are
of the latter units will be discussed.
driven by gear |44 on a shaft |45, the opposite
Each unit |2 consists of two rollers |26 and
end of which carries a gear |46 in mesh with a
|21, supported at one end only, and having their. 30 gear |41 which rests against and meshes with
free ends extending generally horizontally. As
driving gear 15. The latter, it will be recalled,
in the case with lower roller 46 of unit H, lower
serves also to actuate shafts 50 and 50 to drive
the component rollers of unit ||. B_y substitu
roller |21 is mounted on a shaft which extends
axially of the roller and is in a truly horizontal
tion of gears of various diameters in the gear
position. This shaft, designated by numeral |28,
train |44, |46, |41, it is possible to bring about
is provided with a driving gear |29 keyed thereto
any desired speed on the part of rollers |26 and
which meshes with a gear |30 keyed to a main
|21 with respect to rollers 45 and 46. Since, how
drive shaft |3I. Drive shaft | 3| is similar to
ever, all rollers |26 and |21 are driven from the
drive shaft 50 and is provided with a plurality
same gear, |44, it is apparent that they will have
of gears |30, one for coaction witheach gear 49 identical peripheral speeds. Like the rollers 45
|29 for each of lower rollers |21. Each mesh
and 46, the rollers |26 and |21 are provided with
ing pair of gears |29, |30 is disposed in a hous
liquid supply pipes 260 and 21|, and with liquid
ing |32 ñxedly mounted on a portion of the
collecting troughs 214 and 211 respectively.
mainframe of the machine. Housing |32 is pro
As has been previously stated, thread-storage,
vided with' a bearing |33 for supporting shaft |28.
thread-advancing unit l2 is threaded up in the
' Upper roller |26 of the thread-storage, thread
same manner as the respective unit H.
"advancing unit l2 is likewise provided with an
On
thread-storage, thread-advancing unit i2, the
thread is subjected to further aftertreatments,
axially extending drive shaft, said shaft bearing
the designation |34.
Shaft |34 is provided with a gear |35 which
and, when it leaves that unit, is in finished form
It is then led directly to a ring twister mecha
nism, best shown in Figures l, 3 and 8 to 11, in
elusive. The twist-er mechanism shown is large
>meshes with a gear |36 mounted on main drive
shaft |31. Shaft |31 is similar in structure and
function to shaft 56 and it is provided along its
length with a number of gears |36 corresponding
to the number of rollers |26.` The pairs of gears
|35 and |36 are mounted in housings |38, each,
ly conventional, being somewhat modified, how
ever to ñt under unit |2 in the interest of space
conservation. Twister spindles |3 are driven in
pairs from belts |46 which pass over and are
of which extends for a considerable distance into
propelled by a cylindrical pulley |49 keyed to a
the interior of a, roller |26. Housings |36 are
power shaft |56 driven in any convenient man
elongated in this manner so that the bearings
ner, not shown. The usual idler pulleys |=5| are
for shaft |34 are spaced apart a sufficient dis 60 associated with belt |43 and a counterweighted
tance to insure rigidity of that shaft and to pre
vent wobbling movement of roller |26 in response
to radial thrust. Only one bearing for shaft |34
can be seen in Figure 1, this being designated by
the numeral |39. Note that the elongated hous
ing structure is likewise carried out in lower roller
:26. The remaining portions of housings |32
and |30 will be hereinafter more fully described
in conjunction` with the detailed construction of
rollers |26 and |21.
It is contemplated that housing |38 be mount
ed for pivotal movement on tubular support |36a,
the construction of which is conveniently iden
tical to~the construction of tubular support 63
associated with housings 50. It is understood
belt tightener pulley |52 is employed. Each
twister spindle |3 is provid-ed with the usual
`
brake i 53 for localized stoppage of the spindle
for the exchange of spools.
The brake, itself,
65 is conventional in form but is provided with novel
engaging means consisting of a depending arm
|54 cooperating with an upwardly extending
arm |56 provided with a bifurcated end. Arm
|55 is driven through a rod |56 provided with a
10 curved operating surface |51 adapted to be en
gaged by the leg of the operator as he stands
beside the machine. A spring |53 normally biases
rod |56 and hence arm |55 to release position.'
Thus, depending arm |54 is normally biased in a
75 clockwise direction as viewed in Figure 1 there
is
2,410,673”
14
by urging brake |53 away from the bottom of
traveler I1| and the drum, the free end being
thrown into the rapidly rotating twister bobbin
the spindle, arms |54 and brake arm |53 func
tioning mechanically as a bell crank. Upon rei
erence to Figure 7, it will be noted that oper
|13 mounted in spindle I3 shown in Figure 8. The
relatively small amount of thread collected on the
bobbin of drum ||ë may' be removed therefrom
and discarded as waste. In order that the motor
drum unit IGZ-_|53 can be moved from spindle
to spindle as the respective twisters associated
with each unit |2 are threaded up,-the wheel-rail
assembly is provided. As a consequence, when
one twister spindle has been served, the motor
car is moved to the next adjacent one. At each
unit, however, the motor is locked in operative
position. This is done by means oi a lever |1d
pivoted at |15 to the motor housing. Lever |1£|
is provided with an operating handle |16 and a
ating surface |51 is disposed in registry with
notched-out portions |59 of a grill work |60 serv
ing as` a platform on which th-e operator may
stand while threading unit I2. Grill work |69
is supported by braces I6I extending from the
main frame of the machine.
As can beseen
in Figure 1, braces ISI constitute guide bear
ings for rod |56. The operator,- on the other
hand, stands on the ground floor of the operat
ing room when twister spindle |3 is threaded up,
and, as a consequence, the twister brake oper
ating surface is located for manipulation from
that level.
pin |11, adapted for cooperation with holes |18
It is contemplated that the thread issuing
provided at spaced points along lower track ISB;
from unit I2 will be delivered at a. rate approxi
When pin |11 is received in a hole Hä, the motor
mating 60 to 100 meters a minute. Ring twisters, 20 and drum unit is restrained against movement
on the other’hand, are normally used with thread
along the tracks. When it is to be moved, how
being pulled from a stationary package. As a
ever, the handle |1|â is pushed in toward the
consequence, it is impossible for an operator to
twister spindle thereby extracting pin |11 from
»thread up the traveler of a ring twister with a
thread moving at a speed such as is here con
hold |18 and allowing the device to be manually
moved along the track to the next stage.
templated, the slack produced being so great as
to cause substantial diiiiculty. For this reason,
a novel device and method for threading up the
ring twister has been provided. This device
consists of a temporary collecting drum |62,
driven through a very sensitive clutch, herein
after more fully described, by an electric motor
|63. The housings of electric motor |63 and
drum |62 are fastened together‘to form a uni
tary Structure and that structure is provided with
arms |64, |65 and |56 (Figs. 3 and 8) on the
respective ends of which wheels are provided.
These wheels are arranged to ride in tracks |61
and |58 aiîlxed to the moving traverse ring board,
which, during twisting, Vis reciprccated in a ver
In order that drum-motor assembly |52 vand
|63 need not be spotted at the various stations,
pivot |15 includes a coil spring which normally
urges pin |11 against rail |63. In this way, the
operator may push handle I 16 in' toward thema
chine Yto extract pin |11, then release handle |16
and push the car along the track. When the next
station is reached, pin |11 will be urged auto
matically into the next hole |18.
40
tical direction in a conventional manner. Tracks
'
wedged in 'between` the drum and the motor as- `
sembly to be engaged by moving parts.
>Attention is directed to the fact that vthe various
spindles I |3 are not located directly under the cor
|61 and |68, in addition to supporting inotor
drum> assembly IGZ-|163 for movement there
along, act as conductors for -the supply of elec
tric current to motor |63. It is contemplated
that motor |63 be a low voltage unit and that
one of the poles be served through the machine
while the other pole is» isolated from the machine
by the use of insulating material inthe mounting
of one of the railsl |61, |58.
Referring now to Figure 8, it will be seen that
a thread guide |69 supported by a rod |10. is
located vertically above and. in alignment with
.
In Figures 2 and 8, a wire guide |19 can be
seen extending from a portion of the motorV hous
_ ing. .This guide is to insure that the thread is
wound on drum |52 and cannot be accidentally
responding thread-storage, thread-advancing unit
in. ci
l2, see Figure 2.
rI‘he reason .for locating the
twister spindles between adjacent units isa dual
one.
In the iirst place, more space is allowed for
guides |69, and, secondly, and yof even greater
importance, a relatively long path is provided
between upper roller I2@ and the twister spindle.
Since the last stage of aftertreatment normally
consists of dryingthe thread,.by the application of
heat, thereto, and since, according to this appara
tus drying is to be eiîected on rollers |25, the rel
twister spindle I3. When the twister traveler
I1I is to be threaded, the operator leads the free 55 atively long path between the said rollers and
the associated'spindles IIS allows time for the
end of thread issuing from roller |26 of thread
thread
to cool before twisting.
storage, thread-advancing unit I2 and wraps it
In Figures 9„10, and 1l, theinternal structure
around a cylindrical spool fitted over drumy |62
of collecting drum |62 and the driving connection
which has been caused to rotate by energizing
motor |63. The driving arrangement between 60 between said drum and motor |63 is illustrated.
It can be seen that drum |62 is in the form of a
motor |63 and drum |52 is such that the takeup
hollow cylinder supported from shaft I8@ extend
speed of drum |62 will be in excess of the delivery
ing from the housing of motor |63 and connected
speed from thread-storage, thread-advancing
to the rotor of said motor by` suitable reduction
unit I2, a drum takeup speed of approximately
ñve meters a minute in excess of the delivery 65 gearing, not shown. Flanged- spiders ISIv and
|82 interiorly support drum |62,.said spiders `being
speed from unit |2 being contemplated. Thus,
spaced from shaft |39 by ball »bearing assemblies
the thread will be under very slight tension at
|83 and |84. It is contemplated that drum |62
this stage and will follow the path designated by
be made of hard rubber and be provided with a
the reference letter A in Figure 8. The operator
thenpulls the thread A to the left, as viewed in 70 plurality of spring latches |35 for the :purpose of
holding in position a thread collecting bobbin oi
Figure 8, and threads it through a guide |12
conventional form, not shown. rI‘his is> a matter
mounted on the motor-drum assembly and
of convenience, since waste yarn wound on the
through guide |69 above the twister spindle. The
collecting bobbin can be removed from drumi |62
thread is-then passed under traveler |1I. Once
thisisdQne, the Athread is broken between twister 75 by’sliding the bobbin axially ofi the-unsupported
'2,410,673
1S
16
end of the drum' without interference with the
206i is'perma’nently mounted in cap 202 and is
driving connections for the latter.
adapted to extend into any selected one of the
sockets 295.V So that a connection may be main
tained between cap 202 and spider 203 except dur
'
It can be seen that flanged spiders |8| and
|82 do not establsh a driving connection between
shaft |80 and drum |62. On the contrary,.these
bearings merely serve to support >the drum from
the shaft in such a way that the two are freely
relatively rotatable. At the free end of shaft
|80 a small clindrical collar |86 is keyed in posi
tion by a screw key |81. Screw key |81 not> only
functions to key collar |88 for rotation with
ing periods of adjustment, the cap is normally
biased to the left, as viewed in Figure'Q, by a spring
201 mounted within a recess in hub |99.
This
spring normally urges a pin 288 to the left, as
viewed in Figure 9, the shank of said pin being
threaded into cap 202.y
»
"
l
By'the arrangement just described, it is pos
shaft |80, but likewise maintains said collar and
the shaft against relative axial displacement.
Above and below collar |86 arcuate brake shoes
sible to quickly and conveniently vary the load
ing of springs |92 and |93 to any desired extent
|88 and |89 are located`
cam |96.
These shoes are disposed
within the limits defined by the conñguration of
Todo this, the operator grasps cap
on the ends of metallic arms |90 and i 9| , respec
202 and pulls it axially away from motor housing
tively, the other ends of said arms being pivotally
connected to spider |32. From this it can be' seen
|63. This disengages pin 206 from one of the
sockets 205 in spider 283. Thereafter, the cap
is turned either 4to the'right 'or left, depending
upon whether the‘loading of the springs |92 and
that so long as brake shoes |88 and |89 are urged
into engagement with collar |86 a driving con
nection is established from shaft |89 through the
brake shoes and arms |98 and |9| to spider |82
and from thence to cylindrical drum |62.
It has been previously stated that the clutch
|93 is to be increased or decreased. Since the
springs are shown at the minimum loaded posi
tion in Figure l0, it is evident that the cam in
that position may be turned only counterclock
required in this installation be extremely sensi
wise, as viewed in Figure 10. When the desired
tive in operation. For this reason, means are
adjustment is reached, it is only necessary to re
provided for varying the load on brake shoes |88
lease cap 202 in any position such that the pin
and |89. Midway of the lengths of arms |90 and
206 is in registry with one of the sockets to allow
|9|, identical coil springs |92 and |93 are at
spring .207 to draw the cap to locked position.
tached, these springs being connected to the free 30 The eif'ect of the structure just described dur
ends of' arms |94 and |95, respectively, the other
ing the'threading up of a ring twister from a unit
ends of said arms being anchored by pins to spi
of a continuous spinning machine is that the pe
der |82, the anchorage being of a nature to per
ripheral speed of drum |62 may be set to a pre
mit pivotal movement about the pin. It is now
determined value »is excess of the delivery speed
evident that if arm |95 be rocked in a counter
of thread-storage, thread-advancing unit I2.
clockwise direction, as viewed in Figure l0,`and
This excess in speed will be effective, however,
arm |94 be similarly moved, springs |93 and |92
only so long as there is no resistance to rotation
will be extended to thereby increase the pressure
of drumy |62. When thread is wound around the
. on shoes |89 and |88 thereby increasing the fric
bobbin,` which is fitted over drum |62, the tend
tional contact between said shoes and collar |86 40 ency of lthe drum to take up faster than the
to increase the power resistance differential nec
thread-storage, thread-advancing Yunit delivers
essary to cause slippage. The loading and un
tends toload drum |62 so that resistance to turn
loading of springs |92 and | 93 is accomplished by
ingmovement will. cause slippage of the clutch
the employment of a cam |96 having faces of
construction just described, thereby preventing
identical curvature disposed 180° apart. The ine vl breakage of thread while at the same time main
configuration of cam |96 may be readily viewed
taining sufñcient tension so that thread will be
in Figure 10. Bearing against the surfaces of
taut between the free end of the thread-storage,
cam |96 are followers |91 and |98 connected to
thread-advancing device and drum `|62 at all
arms'l94 and |95, respectively. Thus, by rota
times. Similarly, 'as the build of thread on the
tion of cam |96 in a counterclockwise direction, as
bobbin surrounding drum |62 increases, and so
it is viewed in Figure 10, the distance of follow
tends to increase the takeup speed of the tem
ers |91 and |98 from the center of shaft |80 may
porary collecting device, the clutch mechanism
be increased.l Due to the fact that the two cam
will slip to prevent thread breakage while sti-ll
surfaces of cam |96 are identical in configura
functioning to maintain the thread taut as shown
tion, such movement will bring about an identi- ,. in Figure 8 while the operator prepares to thread
cal increase in loading of both of springs |92 and
up twister spindle |3. The clutch mechanism
|93 tothereby increase the clutching effect be
just> described may be used in temporary collect
tween shoes |88 andy |89 and collar'l86.V The
ing devices 'l1 and 8| Ato avoid excessive tension of
movement and maintenance of cam |96 in posi
the thread during transfers from the units || to
tion is effected by apparatus shown in Figures 9
the corresponding units l2 in threading up.
and l1. Cam |96 is connected for rotation with
In Figures 12 and 13 there is shown a modified
hub |99 provided with a square end 200. Square
type of continuous spinning machine constructed
end 200 is received in a bushing 29| pressed
according to this invention. The liquid treat
within knurled cap 202. Thus, when cap 202 ris
ment steps effected on this machine may be sim
turned, the torque is transmitted to cam |96 di
~ ilar to those of the Figure 1 apparatus or may be
rectly through its hub |99. For maintaining the
adjustment, a lock is effected between a flanged
spider 203 and cap 282. Flanged spider 203 is
marginally connected to drum |62 by three cir
cumferentially spaced screws 204 while its hub
portion is mounted for free rotation on the ex
terior of hub |99 of cam |95. As can be seen in
varied in a manner to be hereinafter described.
As can be seen upon reference to Figure l2,
the modified type of spinning machine is assem
bled in conjunction with a two-bath system in
which bath troughs 300 and 30|, their'support
ing framework’302, and spinning pump assembly
303 are adapted from a conventional two-bath
a plurality of circumferentially spaced sockets
spinning layout. Bath troughs 300 and 30| ex
tend continuously for the entire length of the
205, each of a size to accommodate a. pin 206. Pin
machine, pump units 303 being provided ‘at
Figure 11, the hub of spider 203 is provided with
17
29,410,673,"
spaced points along the lengthoftrough 300, each
to serve a spinneret 304.
In the modified type of apparatus now under
discussion, the thread follows much the same
course as in the machine of Figure 1. The thread
leaving a spinneret 30d in trough 300 is passed
over a long path guiding device 305 and a godet
300. From godet 300 it may be led into the bath
of trough 30a', and from thence to a thread-stor
age, thread-advancing device indicated generally
at 301 or it may be led directly to said device.
After device 301 is threaded up, by winding a
thread band adjacent the supported end thereof
as described in connection with device Il of
Figure 1, the thread is led to a temporary col
lecting device '308 which is bodily moved to a po
sition adjacent another thread-storage, thread
18
and the bearings therefor, 'operate in a protected
zone.
`
Freely rotatable roller 3|0 is mounted on ay
stub shaft, the end of which is supported in hous
v ing 32|.
The godet 30B is threaded as a unit
‘ as shown in Figure 30, a number of convolutions
being wound around rollers 3l? and 3|8 to assist
in preventing slippage. Note also that the sur
face of roller 3|?k is corrugated',` also in further
ance of the prevention of slippage.
After the thread leavesgodet 303, it may be
led into a second bath located in trough 30|,
around an immersed freely rotatable roller 33|`
and then to thread-storage, 'thread-advancing'
unit 301 over guide roller 3,32. It will be under
stood that the threading arrangement shown in
Figure 29 is merely exemplary showing the me
advancing device designated generally at 300.
chanical possibilities of the illustrated appara
On this device further treatments are consum
tus. It is evident lthat long path guiding device
mated. From there the thread is led to a col 20 305 may be used either with or without subse
leoting device indicated generally at 310.
quent passage of the thread through bath 30|.
Guiding device 305 is of particular utility in '
In the latter case, of course, the thread is led
conjunction with the spinning of viscose yarns,
directly from godet 306 to thread-storage, thread
and is used to prolong the period that each suc
advancing device 301. Similarly, device 3.05 may
ceeding portion of the thread is immersed in the 25 be omitted and the thread led directly Yto godet
acid spinning bath. As an example, guiding
300 and from thence either through the bath
device 305 may be used to further advance re
of trough 30| or directly toA thread-storage,
generation to thereby modify certain character
thread-advancing device 3.01 dependent upon `the
istics of the yarn as for instance strength, elon
particular chemical treatment undertaken. ~It
gation, chemical composition in the following so will be understood that godet 303 must be driven
stages of the process. structurally, guidance de
in timed relationy with the spinning pump and
vice 305 consists of two immersed grooved pul
hence it is connected with 321 by means of suit
leys 3H and 3|2 mountedv for free rotation on
able drive mechanism.
" ~
'
studs 3|3 and 3M which in turn are carried by
Thread-storage, thread-advancing device 301
a brace SI5 mounted in a support 3|0 attached 35 is similar in structure and operation to the cor
to the front edge of bath trough 300 and extend
responding unit || of the continuous spinning
ing therein. When spinning is begun on the
machine of Figures l and >12. It isthreaded up
machine of Figures 29 and 30, device 305 is tem
in the same manner and it will cause axial feed
porarily raised above the liquid level in trough
of spaced connected coils of thread wound there
300 so that spinneret 303 is first led around pul 40 around. Unit 301'consists of two rollers 333 and
ley 3|| and then pulley 3|2 and so on until all
of the plural grooves of these pulleys are occu
334| mounted on axially extending shafts 335 and
336 lying in th'e same vertical plane -which are
supported at a common end. Each shaft is pro
vided with sprocket 331 over which is trained
pied. Thereafter, the device is restored to nor
mal position immersed in the bath of trough 300.
The godet consists of two rollers 3|1 and 3I8, 45 an endless chain 333 so that both rollers will be
the former of which is driven while the latter
driven at the same speed. The power source for
is mounted for free rotation. Roller 3|1 is keyed
driving rollers >333 and 334 through their respec
at 3|0 to a shaft 320 which extends into a hous
tive shafts is a shaft 330 caused to rotate by any
ing 32| supported from the adjacent edges of
conventional means not shown.
Shaft 340 is
troughs 300v and 30|. At the end of shaft 320, 50 connected vby va sprocket and chain drive to a
remote from the point of attachment to roller
shaft 36| which extends for Vthe full 'length of
3|1, gear 322 is attached. This gear meshes with
the machine. At. spaced points along the length '
a gear 323 at the upper end of a vertical shaft
of shaftl 34|, gears 30.2 are. located, one being
324. The lower end of shaft 320 is also provided
provided for cooperation with a corresponding
with a gear, the latter being designated -by the 55 gear 323 mounted for rotation with shaft 333.
numeral 325. Gear 325 is adapted to mesh with
Thus, shaft 338 is caused to rotate and through
one of a number of gears 320, attached at spaced
chain 339 drives shaft 335 at an identical speed.
points along a drive shaft 321 which extends for
Hence' the peripheral speeds’ of rollers 333 and v
the full length of the machine. Shaft 321 is
3,30 will be identical.
'
driven by any suitable source of power, not 60
t will be recalled that lower roller 4_3 of unit
shown, through a conventional P. I. V. trans
| i' is mounted with its axis extending truly hori
mission and is adapted to drive each godet roller
zontally while the axis of upper roller 45 extends
3|1 through its'gear train 320, 325, 323 and 322.
generally horizontally but slopes in the direction
Since godet roller 3|1 is adapted to operate
ofthe unsupported' end of the unit. rl‘his ar
in conjunction with liquid chemicals carried 65 rangement also prevails _in conjunction with
from the spinning bath by the thread, it is nec
thread-storage,v thread-advancing _unit 301. ,The
essary to protect the driving gears therefor. To
shaft 330~for lower-.roller 334 is mounted in anti
this end, roller 3|'1 is provided with a raised» an
friction bearings 344 supported in fixed-position
nular flange 328, coacting with a flange 32,0 to
fromj a plate 3,05 bolted to frame 302. On the
protect its hollow interior from corrosive liquids. 70 other hand, shaft v335 is mounted for movement
Within this protected Zone a sleeve 330 is located,
ina vertical planeso> that the angle of con
the sleeve being provided with anti-friction bear
vergence ofthe axes of- rollers 333 and; S30-may
ings for shaft 320. Since the sleeve is protected,
be varied to produce varying coil spacings .of
liquid seepage into housing 32| is not possible.
thread wound around Athe .two rollers.
'
Hence gears 322 .and 323, their respec-tive shafts 75
Once the adjustment ofthe angleI of shaft 335
19
„
.
has been effected in a manner to cause coil spac
ing in conformity with the time factor of the
treatment effected on thread-storage, thread-2
20
nì'ëëhahismi for example, of the» type'employed»
in coning machines.
-
l
The unit 369 is made up of two rollers 389 and
38|, the axes of which lie in the same vertical,
plane and are convergent in the direction of the:
unsupported end of the rollers. As before, thee
axis of roller 33| is truly horizontal, while the:
advancing unit 331, that unit is threaded up in
the manner previously described in connection
with unit |I, see Figure 1. The thread is passed
from roller 33| in bath trough 33| to roller 332
axis of roller 38B slopes downwardly from' right,
adjacent the supported end of unit 301. From
to left as it is viewed in Figure 12. Rollers 389i
this roller it goes onto the thread-storage, thread
and 38| are carried on shafts 332 and 383, respec
advancing unit and it leaves that unit adjacent a
tively, supported in bearings 384 and 385 suitroller 365a. The thread is led around roller 365
ably attached in any convenient way to the left
and from thence to a roller 366 (Fig. 12) disposed
hand main frame generally designated at 386i.'
adjacent the supported end of unit 399. As is' the
Bearings 385 are fixed, and shaft 383 carries a
case of .the apparatus illustrated in Figure 1,
the apparatus ofFigure 12 compri-ses two units 15 gear 381 which meshes with a gear 383 carried
on a main drive shaft 383. Shaft 389 is similar
301 and 339 which are disposed on opposite sides
in structure and function to shaft 34|, a plu
of the machine. Hence, it is difficult to pass
rality of gears 388 being provided at spaced
the thread from roller 365a to roller 366, by solely
points along its length, one for coaction with
manual means. As a consequence, a rocker arm
361 (Fig. 13) is provided for the purpose of 20 each gear 331. In this regard, it will be under
stood that a gear 331 is associated with each
moving a temporary collecting device 368 from
unit 389. In a manner similar to the arrange
a point‘adjacent Vthe discharge end of unit 301
ment shown in conjunction with unit 331, roller
to a point adjacent the takeup end of unit 309.
336, through its shaft 382, is driven from shaft
Arm 351 is mounted for pivotal movement about
shaft 34|, anti-friction bearings 339 serving to 25 333. The drive is a chain and sprocket one indi
cated generally at 336.
~
connect the two. Within the housing defining
Again in the interest of controlling the space
arm 331 a pulley 310 (Fig. 13) is located, con
between adjacent coils on the thread-storage,
nected by a V-belt 31| with another pulley 312.
thread-advancing unit, the upper shaft 382 of
This pulley is keyed to a shaft 313 which like
unit 369 is rendered angularly adjustable. The
wise carries a temporary collecting device 368.
adjustment is effected by pivotally attaching a
Thus, the rotation of shaft 34| is carried over
plate 334a, which supports bearing 384, at a
to temporary collecting device 333. In View
point 39|. Pivoted plate 394g, is provided, at a
of the fact that pulley 31|)- is somewhat larger
point remote from pivot point 39|, with an ex
than pulley 312, the -peripheral speed of collecting
tending
portion 332 onto which a threaded rod
device 368 is somewhat increased. The two con
333 is pivotally attached through a bifurcated
necting pulleys areso adjusted that the takeup
member. Threaded‘rod 393passes throughk a
speed of device 368 is justbarely in excess of
bifurcated
bracket 364 iixedly attached to main
the delivery speed of rollers 333 and 334 so that
frame 336. Within the arms Vof bracket 333 a
the thread will not slack during a threading up
hand nut 335 is located. It can be seen that by
operation. Upon reference to Figure 13, it will 40 turning
nut 395, the length of threaded rod 393
be seen that a pair of stops 314 depend from the
between that nut and the point of pivotal attach
lower edge of arm 361. These members cooper
ment to projecting portion 392 is varied and
ate with a stop 315 attached in any convenient
that the effect of this variance will be to tilt
manner. to a portion of the machine frame so
the plate carrying bearings 384 in which shaft
that arm 361 will, by gravity, always assume the
382 is lodged.
same eXtreme positions, regardless of whether
A small sprocket located rearwardly of gear
collecting device 398 is adjacent unit 331 or unit
338 drives a chain 396, which in turn drives a
339.
sprocket 391 carried on a stub shaft. The stub
It can now be seen how temporary collecting ,
shaft also carries a pulley 333 which is connected
device 368 is operated. 'I’o move that device from
by a belt 399 to a pulley mounted on a stub shaft
its position adjacent unit 331 to the broken line
with roller 366. Thus, roller 366 is driven through
position shown in Figure 12 adjacent the sup
connections so adjusted that it has a takeup speed
ported end of unit 309, a crank 316 (Figs. 12 and
just a little in Vexcess of the delivery speed from
13) is operated, this crank causing rotation of a 55 unit 301. This assists in threading up when the
sprocket 311, which, through a chain 318, oper
closed coil is wound near the unsupported end of
ates a sprocket 319 keyed to the housing bearings
unit 309 in a manner hereinbefore described. If
of arm 361. It can be seen that rotation of crank
unit 369 is threaded upbywinding a closed coil
316 will cause the desired `movement to take
adjacent the supported end of component rollers
place, the rockingA of arm 361 being entirely inde
thereof, >there may be some diiìculty in conjunc
pendent of pulleys 210, which, of course, is keyed
tion with bath trough 406. As a consequence,
to shaft 34|. Once the temporary collecting de
that trough is supported on a bar 49| which is
vice 368 has been moved to the broken line posi
pivoted at 402 to main frame 38.3.' Approximately
tion of Figure 12, the thread is broken adjacent
midway between pivot point 432 and the free end
that device and is led over roller` 363 after which 65 of trough 463 an L-bracket 463 is attached to bar
49|. Against this bracket a roller 494 is nor
time the coils are wound around the rollers of
mally pressed through a bell crank 435 pivoted
unit 339 in the manner previously described in
at 436 to a portion of frame 386.- Roller` 404 is
conjunction with thread-storage, thread-advanc
attached at the free end of one arm ofthe bell
ing unit ||. The thread shown leaving unit 339
(Fig. _12) is passed over roller 319a and from 70 crank while the free end ofthe arm is provided
withpan operating handle 401. When operating
thence is led to collecting device 3|() of any con
'handle 491 is moved forward as viewed in Figure
ventional type, the illustration of Figure 12 being
12, trough 460 is lowered to the broken line posi->
diagrammatic and intended to include a threadI
tion. The movement is limited by a stop 408 eX
supporting body driven at its periphery and used
in conjunction with any conventional traverse 75 tending from a portion of frame 386.
2,410,673
21
22
It is contemplated that a device for tilting the
trough under roller 334 likewise be provided. Of
course, the lower troughs in Figure 12 may be
stationary and the short trough arrangement pre
viously described in connection with Figure 1 can
then be used.
>
Because of the fact that a two-roller thread
storage, thread-advancing device supported at
another rotary treating device of the same ma
chine located at a distance from said iirst device
and to which the thread is to be applied and on
which it is to be subjected to further treatment,
separating the oncoming thread from said Waste
bundle, directing the thread to said other rotary
treating device to which the collecting device has
been moved,’directing the treated thread issuing
from the said last named rotary treating device
venience, it is contemplated that all forms of the 10 to another separate rotating collecting device
temporarily disposed adjacent said last named
present invention be so arranged.
treating device and movable between said device
Modification of the process and the apparatus
will readily be foreseen by those skilled in the art,
and a twisting and collecting device and collect
and I desire to include all modifications and vari
ing it in a waste bundle, bodily moving said last
ations coming within the scope of the appended 15 named collecting device while it is rotating and
performing its collecting function into position
claims.
This is a division of my application Serial No.
adjacent said twisting and collecting device, sep
arating the oncoming thread from the waste
450,934, ñled July le, 1942, entitled “Process and
apparatus for the manufacture of synthetic yarn.”
bundle and directing the thread onto said twist
I claim:
20 ing and collecting device, said thread being con
1. In the production and packaging of thread
tinuous and being kept constantly under tension
by the method which includes forming a thread,
after being formed and while being applied to all
leading the thread continuously over a plurality
of the aforesaid devices.
of separate rotary treating devices in succession
3. In the production and packaging of thread
spaced at a substantial distance from each other 25 by the method which includes forming a thread,
but constituting a unitary continuous spinning
leading the thread continuously over a plurality
apparatus on which the thread is subjected to
of sets of rotary treating devices in succession
successive treatments for ultimate collection in
and a final twisting and collecting device each
treated final form in a package, the method of
treating device being composed of at least two
initially transferring the thread from one rotary 30 treating cylinders over which the thread is
treating device to the next succeeding device
passed in helical formation, said devices being
which includes leading said thread over a first
spaced at a substantial distance from each other
rotary treatment device, temporarily collecting
but operating in co-relation with and constitut
the thread in a waste bundle on an independently
ing a unitary continuous synthetic thread spin
rotated separate collecting device temporarily dis 35 ning machine on which the thread is subjected
posed adjacent said ñrst rotary treating device,
to a plurality of treatments for ultimate collec
maintaining the oncoming thread under tension
tion in treated and twisted final form in a pack
while it is being so temporarily collected and,
age, the method of initiating the operation of the
one end only may be threaded up with great con
while so collecting the thread, bodily moving said
machine comprising leading said thread over a
collecting device while it is rotating and perform 40 ñrst set of said rotary treating devices, tem
ing its collecting function into position adjacent
porarily collecting the thread in a waste bundle
the next succeeding rotary treatment device lo
on an independently rotated separate collecting
device temporarily disposed adjacent said ñrst
cated at a distance from said first device and on
which the thread is to be applied for subjection
set of rotary treating devices, maintaining the
to continued further treatment, separating the 45 oncoming thread under tension while it is being
oncoming thread from the Waste bundle and di
so temporarily collected,- and while so collecting
recting it onto said other rotary treating device to
the thread, bodily moving said collecting device
which the collecting device has been moved and
while it is rotating and performing its collecting
removing the waste bundle, said thread being kept
function into position adjacent another set of
under tension from the time of its formation until 50 rotary treatment devices of the same machine
the time that it is placed on the second treating
device.
2. In the production and packaging of thread
by the method which includes forming a thread,
leading the thread continuously over a plu
rality of separate rotary treating devices in suc
cession, and a ñnal twisting and collecting de
vice all spaced at a substantial distance from
each other but operating in co-relation with and
constituting a unitary continuous spinning ma
chine on which the thread is subjected to a plu
rality of successive treatments for ultimate col
lection in treated and twisted final form in a
package, the method of initiating the operation
of the machine comprising leading said thread
over` a ñrst rotary treating device, temporarily
collecting the thread issuing from said device in
a waste bundle on an independently rotated sep
located at a distance from said ñrst set and to
which the thread is to be applied for subjection to
continued further treatment, separating the on
'
coming thread from said waste bundle directing
55 the thread to said other set of rotary treating de
vices to which the collecting device has been
moved, directing the treated thread issuing from
said last named set of rotary treating devices
to another separate rotating collecting device
60 temporarily disposed adjacent said last named
set of treating devices and movable between said
devices and a twisting and collecting device and
collecting it in a waste bundle, bodily moving
said last named collecting device while it is ro
65 tating and performing its collecting function into
position adjacent said twisting and collecting de
vice, separating the thread from the waste bun
dle directing the thread through the twisting
arate collecting device temporarily disposed ad
device and directing the twisted thread onto a
jacent said flrst rotary treating device, main 70 rotating ñnal packaging device operativelt7 asso
taining the oncoming thread under tension while
ciated with said machine, said thread being kept
it is being so temporarily collected, and while
constantly underl tension after being formed and
so collecting the thread, bodily moving said col
while being applied to all of the aforesaid treat
lecting device while it is rotating and perform
ing, collecting and packaging devices. Y
ing its collecting function into position adjacent
HERBERT O. NAUMANN.
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