Патент USA US2410144код для вставки
Oct. 29, 1946, - J_ ASHFORD' „ 2,410,144 HAIR CURLER Filed March 9, 1945 B15/ack ¿43h/brd - _f l Alg/3 2,410,144 Patented Oct. 219, 1946 1 ' UNITED STATES PATENT 2,410,144 ' OFFICE ~ HAIR CURLÉR Application Jack Ashford, MarchJackson 9, 1945, Heights, Serial No.N.581,786 2 Claims. (CL 132-442) . 2 ~ Still another object is to provide an improved curler of the character indicated wherein the main body portion, about which the strand of hair is wound in curled formation, comp-rises two This invention relates to hair curlers, and more particularly to curlers of the type adapted to form a curl by winding of a strand of hair d . therearound and permitting the curling device detachably connecti-ble members and wherein one of the members/may be quickly and easily sepa rated from the other while the curl of hair re to remain in place, with the hair curled there on, for a period of time to effect setting of the hair in curled formation. ` Curlers of this general class have heretofore A mains in curled form around the other so as been produced in a wide variety of forms and constructions, and are adapted to be used by tov permit the remaining member to be reversely individuals personally, or commercially by beauty parlor operators in producing curls. In using curlers of this type it is preferable to also mois ten the strand of hair with suitable liquids for assisting in forming the curl, and/or causing the 15 curl to become set. Such curlers may be used by beauty operators either with or without heat, and may also be employed in forming curls by what is now known as a “cold” permanent wav ing process. Such curlers, due to their peculi and manner of use require a substantial amount bodying the present invention will be apparent from the following description, taken in connec Figure l is a diagrammatic View of the hu man head showing the curler embodying the pres ent invention positioned with respect to a strand 20 of hair, preparatory to winding the hair there around for forming a curl; ~ Figure 2 is a perspective view of the curler em bodying the present invention, shown in assem This practice tends to destroyto alarge extent thermore, such curlers due to their construction when wound around the body of the curler. Other objects and advantages of the curler em tion with the accompanying drawing in which: arities of construction, all necessitate partial or complete uncurling of the formed curls in the process of removing the curlers from the hair. the permanency of the curl thus formed, and re sults in greatly increasing the size thereof. Fur rotated in uncurling direction so as to produce a curl of a size larger than that initially formed bled relation." 25 , Figures 3 and 4 are perspective views of the two' cooperating detachably co'nnectible members constituting the main body of the curler. _Figure 5 is a perspectivev view of the holding clip adapted to be associated with one of the body of time in effecting their removal from the curled strand of hair, and necessitate fingering of the 30 members. Figure 6 is a perspective view of the retaining curl formed by the curlers in an attempt to re store the curl to a proper curled formation. member associated with the main body of the By such procedure it is a practical impossibility to obtain a iinished curl which isz relatively set curler foi` releasably maintaining the strand of hairin curled lform on the curler body. As above stated, the curler embodying the in form and of a size approximating the size of the curl when initially wound on the curler. One of the objects of this invention is to pro vide an improved curler of the character indi cated which is constructed and arranged so as present invention is capable of use by individuals kfor personal hair curling, and are also adapted for convenient practical use by beauty parlor operators in the'process of forming curls. In to permit quick Vand easy removal thereof from 40 either case it is preferable that a plurality of the'curlers be utilized to form curls around dif the curl of hair formed thereon, without necessi ferent portions of the head, and the curlers are tating unwinding of the curl. . permitted to remain in place for a period of >time . Another object is to provide an improved curler in order to effect proper setting of the hair in of the character described which is constructed and arranged Vso as to permit obtaining finished 45 curled formation. When the devices are ,used by beauty parlor operators, a plurality of the curls of substantially the same size as when the curlers are positioned at the desired places on hair is wound in curled formation around the the head at which the curls are to be formed, curler. , and then if desired the “cold” wave processmay A further object is to provide an »improved curler’of the character indicated, having a main 50 be applied, or the heat process may be employed, after which the curlers may be quickly and eas body portion formed of two detachably con ily removed as will hereinafter be described, leav nectible members, constructed and arranged so ing the curls in- substantially the same size and as to be quickly and easily removed from the curl preseticondition as assumed when wound on the of hair formed around the body without neces 55 curlers. sitating unwinding of the curl. . 2,410,144 3 The curler embodying the present invention in cludes a main body portion indicated generally at A, of generally elongated formation, composed of two separate members indicated at Ill and Il, constructed and arranged so as to be detachably connected together in axial relation. In the con struction as illustrated, the outer end of the body member I I is formed with a button shaped undercut head Ill, and the opposite end of said 4 tion to facilitate the removal of the retaining member from retaining relation. In order to facilitate the initial gripping of the strand of hair, preparatory to winding around the body A, I provide an elongated clip 24, of yoke formation at one end, comprising a pair of arms 25, the outer ends of which are provided with a pair of inwardly projecting nubbins 26, adapted to be spring pressed into a pair of dia member terminates in an extension or stem por metrically oppositely located recesses 28, formed tion l5, of relatively small diameter and of sub in the outer end of the body member IB, so that stantially cylindrical form, adapted to be tele scoped into an opening I6 extending axially throughout the entire length of the other body member I0 when said body members are assem bled in operative relation. The outer or lateral surfaces of the two mem bers I0 and I I, constituting the main body when assembled, are formed so that the main inter- ’ mediate portion thereof is of gradually reducing cross section as it approaches the middle of the length thereof, so that the cooperating outer surfaces of the two members I0 and II, individ ually are of substantially frusto conical forma the clip member 24 becomes hingedly connected to said body member ID. The clip member 24 may be understood to be of conventional form and is ol' arcuate formation in cross section so as to conform somewhat to the curved contour of the body A. Said clip has the main portion of its length provided with a plurality of aper tures 29, the purpose of which is to permit the passage of moisture or liquid therethrough into contact with the portion of the strand of hair embraced between the clip and the body A in the process of operating _on a strand of hair to pro duce a curl. In using the curler embodying the present in tion. This construction in effect constitutes a 25 vention it isv first assembled, as seen in Figure l trough and tends to direct and confine a strand of the drawing, and positioned with respect to of hairin position when wound around said body. the strand of hair to be curled so that the end It will be observed that when the two body mem portions of said strand of hair are gripped be bers I0 and II are assembled, the terminal por tion I5a of the stem I5, projects a short distance 30 tween the clip member 24 and the body A. The strand of hair is then curled around the body beyond the outer end of the body member Ill, as and clip, and the retaining member I1 is then may be clearly seen in Figure 2 of the drawing, placed in retaining relation, extending over the and constitutes an anchorage element. In order curl of hair and attached to the body A, in the to insure that the two members l0 and I I, when telescoped together, may be rotated as a unit for 35 manner as represented in Figure 2 of the draw ing, in which position the strand of hair curled winding a strand of hair therearound, the por around the body and clip will be securely re tion of the stem I5, immediately adjacent its tained Vin curled formation on said body. The connection to the member II, is formed with an strand of hair may be subject to proper liquid enlargement, I5b, of polygonal cross section, herein shown as square. The opening I6 of the 40 treatment, either before or after winding on the body, to facilitate curling and/or setting. After other body member I8, at its inner end, termi the curl acquires a relatively set formation, the nates in a socket Iäb, corresponding generally in curler may be quickly and easily removed by dis form and size to said enlargement |51) of said engaging Vthe- retaining member Iî from the Thus, when the members III and II y stem I5. terminal end portionY I5ct of the stem of the body are telescoped together, said enlargement Iâb of member II and the two body members I@ and II the stem I5 and the socket Iíib are caused to be then may be axially separated so as to permit interengaged and serve to key said members I9 the curl to remain, without deformation or alter» and II, together so that they may be positively ation in the form and size that it assumed when rotated together as a unit. To facilitate rotat ing said body A, as a unit, the outer end portion 50 wound on the curler body. Thus, by the use of my improved curler, it is possible to obtain of member II, adjacent said head I4, is formed finished curls of greatly increased permanency with serrated or roughened portions IIa to con of form by eliminating the heretofore necessary stitute convenient finger gripping surfaces. practice of unwinding the curled strand of hair In order to retain the strand of hair in curled from the curler in order to effect removal of the or Wound formation around the'body A of the curler therefrom. curler, any suitable form of retaining means may While the curler embodying the present in be employed, and as herein shown said retaining vention has great utility for individual or per means is in the form of an elongated strap I1', sonal use, it also has great utility for use by preferably of resilient material, such as rubber, beauty parlor operators in the process of perma having one end formed with an opening I3 60 nent waving of hair, either by what is known as adapted to be force fitted over the under-cut head the heat process or “cold” wave process. By I4 on the body member II, so as to constitute a disengageable but secure connection of the re forming the apertures 29 in the clip member, it is possible in the application of various liquids taining member to said body member II. When the two detachably connectible members Iû and or solutions to the curl of hair to insure that a portion of the liquid or solution comes into con tact with the portion of the strand of hair clipped between the clip and the body member. It is to be understood that the body members stretched over the curled strand of hair on the Illand II may be composed of any suitable ma body and the anchoring opening I9 of the strap 70 terial, suchA as plastic, metal, wood or various is drawn over and seated on the terminal portion other compositions, and it will be apparent that I 5a of the stem I5 of the body .member II, as Various forms of detachable connections of the clearly seen in Figure 2 of the drawing. TheV two members constituting the main body may portion of thestrap I'I, beyond the opening I9, be employed. For example, the stem I5 of mem as indicated at 20, constitutes a finger grip por 75 ber II, may be so dimensioned and the hole I6 II are assembled and a strand of hair is wound around the body A, the retaining member I1 is ,i p $2,415,144 strandÁof hairfin `order to remove> the curler, datttm-¿atada to provide an enclosed telescopic connection of the two- members, and wherein. a: suitable nub which tends to destroy the curled formation of hairas existed onthe'curler. The strand of hair binjmay be formed as an integral part'of the in this condition assumes _a semi-straight or flat outer end of .the body member Il, to be engaged bythe _free apertured end of. the retainingstrap tened wavy form, at which time a second neu tralizing solution is> applied, andthe strand of hai-r is -fingered to again impar-t a curled forma tion thereto. By virtue of such steps the strand . I‘l. c In-¿lieu of the connection of the body mem-V bers- IQ »and llcïas shown, said membersmay be screw threaded together. n , . of ,hair tends to become set before kthe hair is 'in _One important advantageof the particular con 10 complete curled formation. The curls are then rinsed and dried.l yBy virtue of these steps the struction herein shown resides in the fact that curls produced deñnitely lack permanency and theftwoébodymcmbers Eiland Il may be quick .the necessary tendency to retain shape and size. lyandjeasily separated without the rnecessity of TheA subsequent steps of the “cold” waving first manually disengaging the retaining member Il. It will be apparent that as thebody members 15 process when using the curler embodying the present invention, consists in removing the two l0 and H are engaged at opposite ends and are piece curler construction from the wound curl pulled in a direction to separate them axially, in the manner heretofore described, leaving the the terminal extension portion I5a of the stem wound curl of hair in substantially the same l5 becomes disengaged from the aperture i9 of the retaining strap ll, and releases the strap, 20 shape and size as assumed when wound on the curler. A second application of neutralizing so thus making the matter of removing the curler lution is made to the curl in this form, which from the curl of hair quick and easy, requiring tends to permanently set the curl in true curl a minimum amount of time, While at the same formation. After setting of the curls they may time resulting in a finished curl of substantially the same size as initially formed when wound 25 be rinsed and dried. Such steps result in pro ducing a curl of great permanency, resiliency and around the body of the curler, and which curl, due to the avoidance of unwinding, as has here tofore been the practice by the use of prior curl ers, results in greater permanency of formationv of the curl. Furthermore', the construction is such that if desired, after disengagements the re taining strap Il, only one of the members con stituting the main body of the curler, may be removed from within the curl, and the other member, and preferably the member lil carry~ 35 ing the clip 2li, may be rotated in a direction a tendency to retain and assume the position, size and conformation assumed when initially wound on the curler. These same advantages are also attained when the curl is enlarged by partial unwinding as above described. Another advantage resulting from the use of the curler embodying applicant’s invention, in the application of the “cold” permanent waving pro- Á cess, is in the formation of so-called “pin” curls. After removal of the two piece curler device the curled strand of hair is grasped by the fingers to to unwind the curl so as to produce a curl of a reposition it with respect to the head in a desired desired size. manner and location, and the curl may be aiiîxed While, as above stated, the novel curler em bodying the present invention is adapted for use 40 in such position with hair pins or the like. In this fixed position the curl is then subjected to a by individuals personally, or by beauty parlor op» second application of neutralizing solution so as erators for producing curls, it is of especial ad to set the “pin” curl, relatively permanently, in vantage for use in forming curls by what is known the size, shape and position then assumed. 'I‘he as a “cold” permanent waving process. In order to obtain a better understanding of the advan 45 “pin” curls may then be rinsed and dried. 'I'his process of forming “pin” curls is not possible when f tages resulting frorn such use of my novel curler, using conventional, heretofore available types of a comparison` will now be _made in carrying out curlers. the process of “cold” permanent Waving by the It wil1 be apparent that if the hair is set in “pin” use of curlers of the type heretofore available and by the curler embodying the present inven 50 lcurls and neutralized in that position, it accom plishes two main objectives; one it makes ñnger tion. waving unnecessary, and two, if the hair is subse Up to a certain point in the process the steps quently dried without .first resetting, it will be are the same in the use of both the prior type found to have far less relaxation at a later time. of curler and the curler embodying the present Although I have herein shown and described a invention. In producing a “cold” type Vof per 55 preferred embodiment of my invention, mani manent wave a suitable curling solution is applied festly it is capable of various modifications-and to the hair, either before or after the hair is rearrangement of parts without departing from wrapped around the curler. The purpose of this the spirit and scope thereof. I do not, therefore, solution is to condition the hair and assist in forming curls. The strand of moistened >hair 60 wish to be understood as limiting this invention to the precise embodiments herein disclosed, ex wound around the curler, is permitted to remain cept as I may be so limited by the appended in such curledvcondition for a period of time,` claims. ~ after which rinsing water is applied to the strand I claim as my invention: of hair wound on the curler. Then a suitable neutralizing solution is applied to the strand of 65 l. A hair curler of the character described, comprising an elongated body formed of two hair wound on the curler, the purpose of which separate members adapted to be detachably con is to chemically offset or neutralize the curling nected together in axial relation, one of said mem» chemical first employed and to assist in'setting bers having an axial bore extending the entire ' or making permanent the hair in the curled or wound form. Up to this point in the process the 70 length thereof, the other member having a kstem adapted to be telescoped through said bore of practice in the use of conventional heretofore available curlers and the curler embodying the ' said one member, when the members are as sembled in operable relation, with the terminal present invention are substantially identical, end of said stem projecting a short distance be When using prior conventional curlers, the next step in the process consists in unwinding the 75 yond the outer end of said one member, and an 2,410,144 7 8 elongated strap of yieldable material connected `When the members, are assembled in operable re at one end to the outer end of said other member and detachably connectible to said terminal end of said other member, when said members are lation with the terminal end of said stem pro jecting a short distance beyond the outer end of said one member, said stem and bore having co operating features adapted to be engaged when said members are axially assembled for keying said members together for rotation as a unit, and operably connected together for releasably main taining said members in such connected relation. , 2. A hair curler of the >character described, comprising an elongated body formed of two an elongated strap of yieldable material rconnected separate members adapted to be detachably con at one end to the outer end of said other member nected together in axial relation, one of said 10 and detachably connectible to said terminal end members having an axial bore extending the en tire length thereof, the other member having an elongated stem at one end thereof adapted to be telescoped through said bore of said one member of said other member, when said members are operably connected together, for releasably main taining said members in such connected relation. JACK ASHFORD.