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Патент USA US2410144

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Oct. 29, 1946,
-
J_ ASHFORD' „
2,410,144
HAIR CURLER
Filed March 9, 1945
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2,410,144
Patented Oct. 219, 1946 1
' UNITED
STATES
PATENT
2,410,144
'
OFFICE
~
HAIR CURLÉR
Application
Jack Ashford,
MarchJackson
9, 1945, Heights,
Serial No.N.581,786
2 Claims.
(CL 132-442)
.
2
~
Still another object is to provide an improved
curler of the character indicated wherein the
main body portion, about which the strand of
hair is wound in curled formation, comp-rises two
This invention relates to hair curlers, and
more particularly to curlers of the type adapted
to form a curl by winding of a strand of hair d .
therearound and permitting the curling device
detachably connecti-ble members and wherein one
of the members/may be quickly and easily sepa
rated from the other while the curl of hair re
to remain in place, with the hair curled there
on, for a period of time to effect setting of the
hair in curled formation.
` Curlers of this general class have heretofore
A mains in curled form around the other so as
been produced in a wide variety of forms and
constructions, and are adapted to be used by
tov permit the remaining member to be reversely
individuals personally, or commercially by beauty
parlor operators in producing curls. In using
curlers of this type it is preferable to also mois
ten the strand of hair with suitable liquids for
assisting in forming the curl, and/or causing the 15
curl to become set. Such curlers may be used by
beauty operators either with or without heat,
and may also be employed in forming curls by
what is now known as a “cold” permanent wav
ing process. Such curlers, due to their peculi
and manner of use require a substantial amount
bodying the present invention will be apparent
from the following description, taken in connec
Figure l is a diagrammatic View of the hu
man head showing the curler embodying the pres
ent invention positioned with respect to a strand
20 of hair, preparatory to winding the hair there
around for forming a curl;
~
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the curler em
bodying the present invention, shown in assem
This practice tends to destroyto alarge extent
thermore, such curlers due to their construction
when wound around the body of the curler.
Other objects and advantages of the curler em
tion with the accompanying drawing in which:
arities of construction, all necessitate partial or
complete uncurling of the formed curls in the
process of removing the curlers from the hair.
the permanency of the curl thus formed, and re
sults in greatly increasing the size thereof. Fur
rotated in uncurling direction so as to produce
a curl of a size larger than that initially formed
bled relation."
25
,
Figures 3 and 4 are perspective views of the
two' cooperating detachably co'nnectible members
constituting the main body of the curler.
_Figure 5 is a perspectivev view of the holding
clip adapted to be associated with one of the body
of time in effecting their removal from the curled
strand of hair, and necessitate fingering of the 30 members.
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the retaining
curl formed by the curlers in an attempt to re
store the curl to a proper curled formation.
member associated with the main body of the
By such procedure it is a practical impossibility
to obtain a iinished curl which isz relatively set
curler foi` releasably maintaining the strand of
hairin curled lform on the curler body.
As above stated, the curler embodying the
in form and of a size approximating the size of
the curl when initially wound on the curler.
One of the objects of this invention is to pro
vide an improved curler of the character indi
cated which is constructed and arranged so as
present invention is capable of use by individuals
kfor personal hair curling, and are also adapted
for convenient practical use by beauty parlor
operators in the'process of forming curls. In
to permit quick Vand easy removal thereof from 40 either case it is preferable that a plurality of
the'curlers be utilized to form curls around dif
the curl of hair formed thereon, without necessi
ferent portions of the head, and the curlers are
tating unwinding of the curl.
.
permitted to remain in place for a period of >time
. Another object is to provide an improved curler
in order to effect proper setting of the hair in
of the character described which is constructed
and arranged Vso as to permit obtaining finished 45 curled formation. When the devices are ,used
by beauty parlor operators, a plurality of the
curls of substantially the same size as when the
curlers are positioned at the desired places on
hair is wound in curled formation around the
the head at which the curls are to be formed,
curler.
,
and then if desired the “cold” wave processmay
A further object is to provide an »improved
curler’of the character indicated, having a main 50 be applied, or the heat process may be employed,
after which the curlers may be quickly and eas
body portion formed of two detachably con
ily removed as will hereinafter be described, leav
nectible members, constructed and arranged so
ing the curls in- substantially the same size and
as to be quickly and easily removed from the curl
preseticondition as assumed when wound on the
of hair formed around the body without neces
55 curlers.
sitating unwinding of the curl.
.
2,410,144
3
The curler embodying the present invention in
cludes a main body portion indicated generally
at A, of generally elongated formation, composed
of two separate members indicated at Ill and Il,
constructed and arranged so as to be detachably
connected together in axial relation. In the con
struction as illustrated, the outer end of the
body member I I is formed with a button shaped
undercut head Ill, and the opposite end of said
4
tion to facilitate the removal of the retaining
member from retaining relation.
In order to facilitate the initial gripping of
the strand of hair, preparatory to winding around
the body A, I provide an elongated clip 24, of
yoke formation at one end, comprising a pair of
arms 25, the outer ends of which are provided
with a pair of inwardly projecting nubbins 26,
adapted to be spring pressed into a pair of dia
member terminates in an extension or stem por
metrically oppositely located recesses 28, formed
tion l5, of relatively small diameter and of sub
in the outer end of the body member IB, so that
stantially cylindrical form, adapted to be tele
scoped into an opening I6 extending axially
throughout the entire length of the other body
member I0 when said body members are assem
bled in operative relation.
The outer or lateral surfaces of the two mem
bers I0 and I I, constituting the main body when
assembled, are formed so that the main inter- ’
mediate portion thereof is of gradually reducing
cross section as it approaches the middle of the
length thereof, so that the cooperating outer
surfaces of the two members I0 and II, individ
ually are of substantially frusto conical forma
the clip member 24 becomes hingedly connected
to said body member ID. The clip member 24
may be understood to be of conventional form
and is ol' arcuate formation in cross section so
as to conform somewhat to the curved contour
of the body A. Said clip has the main portion
of its length provided with a plurality of aper
tures 29, the purpose of which is to permit the
passage of moisture or liquid therethrough into
contact with the portion of the strand of hair
embraced between the clip and the body A in the
process of operating _on a strand of hair to pro
duce a curl.
In using the curler embodying the present in
tion. This construction in effect constitutes a 25
vention it isv first assembled, as seen in Figure l
trough and tends to direct and confine a strand
of the drawing, and positioned with respect to
of hairin position when wound around said body.
the strand of hair to be curled so that the end
It will be observed that when the two body mem
portions of said strand of hair are gripped be
bers I0 and II are assembled, the terminal por
tion I5a of the stem I5, projects a short distance 30 tween the clip member 24 and the body A. The
strand of hair is then curled around the body
beyond the outer end of the body member Ill, as
and clip, and the retaining member I1 is then
may be clearly seen in Figure 2 of the drawing,
placed in retaining relation, extending over the
and constitutes an anchorage element. In order
curl of hair and attached to the body A, in the
to insure that the two members l0 and I I, when
telescoped together, may be rotated as a unit for 35 manner as represented in Figure 2 of the draw
ing, in which position the strand of hair curled
winding a strand of hair therearound, the por
around the body and clip will be securely re
tion of the stem I5, immediately adjacent its
tained Vin curled formation on said body. The
connection to the member II, is formed with an
strand of hair may be subject to proper liquid
enlargement, I5b, of polygonal cross section,
herein shown as square. The opening I6 of the 40 treatment, either before or after winding on the
body, to facilitate curling and/or setting. After
other body member I8, at its inner end, termi
the curl acquires a relatively set formation, the
nates in a socket Iäb, corresponding generally in
curler may be quickly and easily removed by dis
form and size to said enlargement |51) of said
engaging Vthe- retaining member Iî from the
Thus, when the members III and II
y stem I5.
terminal end portionY I5ct of the stem of the body
are telescoped together, said enlargement Iâb of
member II and the two body members I@ and II
the stem I5 and the socket Iíib are caused to be
then may be axially separated so as to permit
interengaged and serve to key said members I9
the curl to remain, without deformation or alter»
and II, together so that they may be positively
ation in the form and size that it assumed when
rotated together as a unit. To facilitate rotat
ing said body A, as a unit, the outer end portion 50 wound on the curler body. Thus, by the use of
my improved curler, it is possible to obtain
of member II, adjacent said head I4, is formed
finished curls of greatly increased permanency
with serrated or roughened portions IIa to con
of form by eliminating the heretofore necessary
stitute convenient finger gripping surfaces.
practice of unwinding the curled strand of hair
In order to retain the strand of hair in curled
from the curler in order to effect removal of the
or Wound formation around the'body A of the
curler therefrom.
curler, any suitable form of retaining means may
While the curler embodying the present in
be employed, and as herein shown said retaining
vention has great utility for individual or per
means is in the form of an elongated strap I1',
sonal use, it also has great utility for use by
preferably of resilient material, such as rubber,
beauty parlor operators in the process of perma
having one end formed with an opening I3 60 nent waving of hair, either by what is known as
adapted to be force fitted over the under-cut head
the heat process or “cold” wave process. By
I4 on the body member II, so as to constitute a
disengageable but secure connection of the re
forming the apertures 29 in the clip member, it
is possible in the application of various liquids
taining member to said body member II. When
the two detachably connectible members Iû and
or solutions to the curl of hair to insure that a
portion of the liquid or solution comes into con
tact with the portion of the strand of hair clipped
between the clip and the body member.
It is to be understood that the body members
stretched over the curled strand of hair on the
Illand II may be composed of any suitable ma
body and the anchoring opening I9 of the strap
70 terial, suchA as plastic, metal, wood or various
is drawn over and seated on the terminal portion
other compositions, and it will be apparent that
I 5a of the stem I5 of the body .member II, as
Various forms of detachable connections of the
clearly seen in Figure 2 of the drawing. TheV
two members constituting the main body may
portion of thestrap I'I, beyond the opening I9,
be employed. For example, the stem I5 of mem
as indicated at 20, constitutes a finger grip por 75 ber II, may be so dimensioned and the hole I6
II are assembled and a strand of hair is wound
around the body A, the retaining member I1 is
,i
p
$2,415,144
strandÁof hairfin `order to remove> the curler,
datttm-¿atada to provide an enclosed telescopic connection of
the two- members, and wherein. a: suitable nub
which tends to destroy the curled formation of
hairas existed onthe'curler. The strand of hair
binjmay be formed as an integral part'of the
in this condition assumes _a semi-straight or flat
outer end of .the body member Il, to be engaged
bythe _free apertured end of. the retainingstrap
tened wavy form, at which time a second neu
tralizing solution is> applied, andthe strand of
hai-r is -fingered to again impar-t a curled forma
tion thereto. By virtue of such steps the strand .
I‘l. c In-¿lieu of the connection of the body mem-V
bers- IQ »and llcïas shown, said membersmay be
screw threaded together.
n
,
. of ,hair tends to become set before kthe hair is 'in
_One important advantageof the particular con 10 complete curled formation. The curls are then
rinsed and dried.l yBy virtue of these steps the
struction herein shown resides in the fact that
curls produced deñnitely lack permanency and
theftwoébodymcmbers Eiland Il may be quick
.the necessary tendency to retain shape and size.
lyandjeasily separated without the rnecessity of
TheA subsequent steps of the “cold” waving
first manually disengaging the retaining member
Il. It will be apparent that as thebody members 15 process when using the curler embodying the
present invention, consists in removing the two
l0 and H are engaged at opposite ends and are
piece curler construction from the wound curl
pulled in a direction to separate them axially,
in the manner heretofore described, leaving the
the terminal extension portion I5a of the stem
wound curl of hair in substantially the same
l5 becomes disengaged from the aperture i9 of
the retaining strap ll, and releases the strap, 20 shape and size as assumed when wound on the
curler. A second application of neutralizing so
thus making the matter of removing the curler
lution is made to the curl in this form, which
from the curl of hair quick and easy, requiring
tends to permanently set the curl in true curl
a minimum amount of time, While at the same
formation. After setting of the curls they may
time resulting in a finished curl of substantially
the same size as initially formed when wound 25 be rinsed and dried. Such steps result in pro
ducing a curl of great permanency, resiliency and
around the body of the curler, and which curl,
due to the avoidance of unwinding, as has here
tofore been the practice by the use of prior curl
ers, results in greater permanency of formationv
of the curl. Furthermore', the construction is
such that if desired, after disengagements the re
taining strap Il, only one of the members con
stituting the main body of the curler, may be
removed from within the curl, and the other
member, and preferably the member lil carry~ 35
ing the clip 2li, may be rotated in a direction
a tendency to retain and assume the position,
size and conformation assumed when initially
wound on the curler.
These same advantages
are also attained when the curl is enlarged by
partial unwinding as above described.
Another advantage resulting from the use of
the curler embodying applicant’s invention, in the
application of the “cold” permanent waving pro- Á
cess, is in the formation of so-called “pin” curls.
After removal of the two piece curler device the
curled strand of hair is grasped by the fingers to
to unwind the curl so as to produce a curl of a
reposition it with respect to the head in a desired
desired size.
manner and location, and the curl may be aiiîxed
While, as above stated, the novel curler em
bodying the present invention is adapted for use 40 in such position with hair pins or the like. In
this fixed position the curl is then subjected to a
by individuals personally, or by beauty parlor op»
second application of neutralizing solution so as
erators for producing curls, it is of especial ad
to set the “pin” curl, relatively permanently, in
vantage for use in forming curls by what is known
the size, shape and position then assumed. 'I‘he
as a “cold” permanent waving process. In order
to obtain a better understanding of the advan 45 “pin” curls may then be rinsed and dried. 'I'his
process of forming “pin” curls is not possible when f
tages resulting frorn such use of my novel curler,
using conventional, heretofore available types of
a comparison` will now be _made in carrying out
curlers.
the process of “cold” permanent Waving by the
It wil1 be apparent that if the hair is set in “pin”
use of curlers of the type heretofore available
and by the curler embodying the present inven 50 lcurls and neutralized in that position, it accom
plishes two main objectives; one it makes ñnger
tion.
waving unnecessary, and two, if the hair is subse
Up to a certain point in the process the steps
quently dried without .first resetting, it will be
are the same in the use of both the prior type
found to have far less relaxation at a later time.
of curler and the curler embodying the present
Although I have herein shown and described a
invention. In producing a “cold” type Vof per 55
preferred embodiment of my invention, mani
manent wave a suitable curling solution is applied
festly it is capable of various modifications-and
to the hair, either before or after the hair is
rearrangement of parts without departing from
wrapped around the curler. The purpose of this
the spirit and scope thereof. I do not, therefore,
solution is to condition the hair and assist in
forming curls. The strand of moistened >hair 60 wish to be understood as limiting this invention
to the precise embodiments herein disclosed, ex
wound around the curler, is permitted to remain
cept as I may be so limited by the appended
in such curledvcondition for a period of time,`
claims.
~
after which rinsing water is applied to the strand
I claim as my invention:
of hair wound on the curler. Then a suitable
neutralizing solution is applied to the strand of 65
l. A hair curler of the character described,
comprising an elongated body formed of two
hair wound on the curler, the purpose of which
separate members adapted to be detachably con
is to chemically offset or neutralize the curling
nected together in axial relation, one of said mem»
chemical first employed and to assist in'setting
bers having an axial bore extending the entire
' or making permanent the hair in the curled or
wound form. Up to this point in the process the 70 length thereof, the other member having a kstem
adapted to be telescoped through said bore of
practice in the use of conventional heretofore
available curlers and the curler embodying the ' said one member, when the members are as
sembled in operable relation, with the terminal
present invention are substantially identical,
end of said stem projecting a short distance be
When using prior conventional curlers, the next
step in the process consists in unwinding the 75 yond the outer end of said one member, and an
2,410,144
7
8
elongated strap of yieldable material connected
`When the members, are assembled in operable re
at one end to the outer end of said other member
and detachably connectible to said terminal end
of said other member, when said members are
lation with the terminal end of said stem pro
jecting a short distance beyond the outer end of
said one member, said stem and bore having co
operating features adapted to be engaged when
said members are axially assembled for keying
said members together for rotation as a unit, and
operably connected together for releasably main
taining said members in such connected relation.
, 2. A hair curler of the >character described,
comprising an elongated body formed of two
an elongated strap of yieldable material rconnected
separate members adapted to be detachably con
at one end to the outer end of said other member
nected together in axial relation, one of said 10 and detachably connectible to said terminal end
members having an axial bore extending the en
tire length thereof, the other member having an
elongated stem at one end thereof adapted to be
telescoped through said bore of said one member
of said other member, when said members are
operably connected together, for releasably main
taining said members in such connected relation.
JACK ASHFORD.
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