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Патент USA US2410203

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Oct. 29, 1946.
_
_|_.1_. CULLEY
2,410,203
TREE TRANSPLANTING APPARATUS
_ 'Filed Aug. 22, 1945' '
2Sheets-Sheet 1
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Inventor
M1316. 6%!“
_
Oct. 29, 1946.
I
1.. L. CULLEY
TREE
TRANSPLANTING
2,410,203 '
APPARATUS
Filed Aug. 22, 1945
_
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2 Sheets-$heet 2
Inventor
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2,410,203 '
Patented Oct. 29, 1946 '
UNITED
PATENT‘; oFFi'cET;
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TREE 'l‘RANNSiPIQANTING-APPARATUSI
\ Lewis
J aickson,
1‘ I‘
Application August 22, 1945, Serial'INO. 612,082;
4 Claims.
1
The present invention relates to a new and
useful improvement in apparatus for transplant
(01. 3P2)
>
A A
2
top ‘of the housing ID by means of a sub-shaft M.
A pitman rod I5 is pivotally connected at one
end on a pin 16 carried eccentrically by the gear
I3, and to the other end of the pitman rod i5 is
ing trees, shrubbery and the like, and more par
ticularly to an apparatus for cutting the soil im
attached one end of a band saw (1.
mediately adjacent and under the tree to facili
The rear edge of the band saw I‘! is slidably
tate lifting of the tree and roots thereof from the
. mounted in an inverted channel-shaped guide I8
soil for transporting to its new location.
arranged in semi-circular form and having its
More speci?cally, the invention embodies the
ends attached to the. gear housings I0 at the outer
provision of a reciprocating band-saw supported
of the housings 8 and 9.
in semi-circular form, together with means for 10 ends
The shaft housings 8 and 9 are rotatably sup
forcing the saw downwardly through the earth
ported in bearings I9 on top of a pair of sup
and under the tree to separate the soil in the
porting
blocks 20, and each of the housings 8
region of the roots thereof while maintaining the
and 9 is provided with a collar 2| having radially
roots embedded in a severed portion of the soil.
extending openings 22 therein, and in which the
A further object of the invention is to provide 15 end of a lever 23 is selectively inserted to rotate
an apparatus of this character of simple and
the housings 8 and 9 to swing the saw I‘! and saw
practical construction, which is ef?cient and re
guide l8 downwardly in an are, as shown by the
liable in operation, relatively inexpensive to man
dotted lines 24 in Figure 2 of the drawings,
ufacture, and otherwise well adapted for the pur
through the soil and under the roots of a tree 25.
20
poses for which the same is intended.
The saw I‘! is reciprocated by the shaft 6
Other objects and advantages reside in the de
through its connection at each end of the saw by
tails of construction and operation as more fully
means of the shaft H, gears I2 and I3, and pit
hereinafter described and claimed, reference be
man l5, so that the saw continuously recipro
ing had to the accompanying drawings forming
25 cates as the same is forced downwardly through
part hereof, wherein like reference numerals refer
to like parts throughout, and in which:
the earth by the rotation of thehousings 8 and 9
by means of downward pressure exerted on the
Figure l is a top plan view,
lever 23.
Figure 2 is a side elevational View,
Accordingly, a semi-circular section of the
Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view taken
earth
is removed immediately adjacent and under
30
substantiallyon a line 3-3 of Figure 1,
the
tree
25 and in which the roots of the tree are
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view
left embedded so that the tree and the severed
through the gear housing at one end of the saw,
segment of the earth may be conveniently re
Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view of the
moved and transplanted without exposing the
saw and saw guide taken substantially on a line
35 roots.
5-5 of Figure 2, and
In view of the foregoing description taken in
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substantially
conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it
on a line 6-6 of Figure 2.
is believed that a clear understanding of the
Referring now to the drawings in detail, where
construction, operation and advantages of the
in, for the purpose of illustration, I have dis
device will be quite apparent to those skilled in
40
closed a preferred embodiment of the invention,
this art. A more detailed description is accord
the numeral 5 designates the housing for a drive
ingly deemed unnecessary.
shaft 6 adapted for connection with a conven
It is to be understood, however, that even
tional form of power takeoff from a tractor or
though I have herein shown and described a
other suitable source of power (not shown).
preferred embodiment of my invention that the
To the rear end of the housing 5 is connected a
same is susceptible to certain changes fully com
di?erential gear housing 1, from the opposite'sides
prehended
by the spirit of the invention as herein
of which shaft housings 8 and 9 project for rota
described and the scope .of the appended claims.
tion in the differential housing, the outer ends of
What is claimed is:
the housings 8 and 9 having gear housings l I) se
l. A tree transplantingdevice comprising an
cured thereto. Shafts H are journaled in the 50
arcuate
cutter, means for reciprocating the cutter,
housings 8 and 9 for operation by the shaft 6
and means for moving the cutter through the
through a conventional form of differential gear
earth under a standing tree to sever a portion of
ing in the housing 1. To the outer end of veach
the earth of semi-spherical form for removal with
shaft II is secured a bevel gear l2 with which a
similar gear I3 is engaged and. journaled in the 55 the tree.
3
2,410,203
2. A tree transplanting device comprising a saw
blade, means connecting the ends of the saw in
semi-circular form, means for reciprocating the
4
shafts to swing the saw downwardly through the
earth and under a standing tree.
4. A tree transplanting device comprising a
saw, and means for swinging the saw downwardly
power driven shaft, a pair of shafts operatively
through the earth and under a standing tree to 5 connected to one end thereof and extending at
sever a segment of earth immediately adjacent
right angles thereto in opposite directions, shaft
the tree for removal with the tree.
housings for each of said pair of shafts, a gear
3. A tree transplanting device comprising a
housing at the outer ends of said shaft housings,
power driven shaft, a pair of shafts operatively
a semi-circular saw blade, means 'operatively
connected to one end thereof and extending at 10 connecting the ends of the saw to the outer ends
right angles thereto in opposite directions, shaft
of said pair of shafts for reciprocating the saw, a
housings for each of said pair ‘of shafts, a, gear
guard for the back of the saw connected to said
housing at the outer ends of said shaft housings,
gear housings, a capstan operating means on at
a semi-circular saw blade, means operatively con
least one shaft housing for rotating the latter to
necting the ends of the saw to the outer ends of 15 swing the saw downwardly through the earth and
said pair of shafts for reciprocating the saw, and
under a standing tree.
means for rotating the housings on the pair'of
LEWIS L. CULLEY.
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