Патент USA US2410203код для вставки
Oct. 29, 1946. _ _|_.1_. CULLEY 2,410,203 TREE TRANSPLANTING APPARATUS _ 'Filed Aug. 22, 1945' ' 2Sheets-Sheet 1 / // / //// / ?l Inventor M1316. 6%!“ _ Oct. 29, 1946. I 1.. L. CULLEY TREE TRANSPLANTING 2,410,203 ' APPARATUS Filed Aug. 22, 1945 _ > 2 Sheets-$heet 2 Inventor ,1w..w y e M B] QzMw/EM WWW 3M6]: 2,410,203 ' Patented Oct. 29, 1946 ' UNITED PATENT‘; oFFi'cET; ,7 ' . .; f .» 2,410,203 _ e TREE 'l‘RANNSiPIQANTING-APPARATUSI \ Lewis J aickson, 1‘ I‘ Application August 22, 1945, Serial'INO. 612,082; 4 Claims. 1 The present invention relates to a new and useful improvement in apparatus for transplant (01. 3P2) > A A 2 top ‘of the housing ID by means of a sub-shaft M. A pitman rod I5 is pivotally connected at one end on a pin 16 carried eccentrically by the gear I3, and to the other end of the pitman rod i5 is ing trees, shrubbery and the like, and more par ticularly to an apparatus for cutting the soil im attached one end of a band saw (1. mediately adjacent and under the tree to facili The rear edge of the band saw I‘! is slidably tate lifting of the tree and roots thereof from the . mounted in an inverted channel-shaped guide I8 soil for transporting to its new location. arranged in semi-circular form and having its More speci?cally, the invention embodies the ends attached to the. gear housings I0 at the outer provision of a reciprocating band-saw supported of the housings 8 and 9. in semi-circular form, together with means for 10 ends The shaft housings 8 and 9 are rotatably sup forcing the saw downwardly through the earth ported in bearings I9 on top of a pair of sup and under the tree to separate the soil in the porting blocks 20, and each of the housings 8 region of the roots thereof while maintaining the and 9 is provided with a collar 2| having radially roots embedded in a severed portion of the soil. extending openings 22 therein, and in which the A further object of the invention is to provide 15 end of a lever 23 is selectively inserted to rotate an apparatus of this character of simple and the housings 8 and 9 to swing the saw I‘! and saw practical construction, which is ef?cient and re guide l8 downwardly in an are, as shown by the liable in operation, relatively inexpensive to man dotted lines 24 in Figure 2 of the drawings, ufacture, and otherwise well adapted for the pur through the soil and under the roots of a tree 25. 20 poses for which the same is intended. The saw I‘! is reciprocated by the shaft 6 Other objects and advantages reside in the de through its connection at each end of the saw by tails of construction and operation as more fully means of the shaft H, gears I2 and I3, and pit hereinafter described and claimed, reference be man l5, so that the saw continuously recipro ing had to the accompanying drawings forming 25 cates as the same is forced downwardly through part hereof, wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which: the earth by the rotation of thehousings 8 and 9 by means of downward pressure exerted on the Figure l is a top plan view, lever 23. Figure 2 is a side elevational View, Accordingly, a semi-circular section of the Figure 3 is a transverse sectional view taken earth is removed immediately adjacent and under 30 substantiallyon a line 3-3 of Figure 1, the tree 25 and in which the roots of the tree are Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view left embedded so that the tree and the severed through the gear housing at one end of the saw, segment of the earth may be conveniently re Figure 5 is a transverse sectional view of the moved and transplanted without exposing the saw and saw guide taken substantially on a line 35 roots. 5-5 of Figure 2, and In view of the foregoing description taken in Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substantially conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it on a line 6-6 of Figure 2. is believed that a clear understanding of the Referring now to the drawings in detail, where construction, operation and advantages of the in, for the purpose of illustration, I have dis device will be quite apparent to those skilled in 40 closed a preferred embodiment of the invention, this art. A more detailed description is accord the numeral 5 designates the housing for a drive ingly deemed unnecessary. shaft 6 adapted for connection with a conven It is to be understood, however, that even tional form of power takeoff from a tractor or though I have herein shown and described a other suitable source of power (not shown). preferred embodiment of my invention that the To the rear end of the housing 5 is connected a same is susceptible to certain changes fully com di?erential gear housing 1, from the opposite'sides prehended by the spirit of the invention as herein of which shaft housings 8 and 9 project for rota described and the scope .of the appended claims. tion in the differential housing, the outer ends of What is claimed is: the housings 8 and 9 having gear housings l I) se l. A tree transplantingdevice comprising an cured thereto. Shafts H are journaled in the 50 arcuate cutter, means for reciprocating the cutter, housings 8 and 9 for operation by the shaft 6 and means for moving the cutter through the through a conventional form of differential gear earth under a standing tree to sever a portion of ing in the housing 1. To the outer end of veach the earth of semi-spherical form for removal with shaft II is secured a bevel gear l2 with which a similar gear I3 is engaged and. journaled in the 55 the tree. 3 2,410,203 2. A tree transplanting device comprising a saw blade, means connecting the ends of the saw in semi-circular form, means for reciprocating the 4 shafts to swing the saw downwardly through the earth and under a standing tree. 4. A tree transplanting device comprising a saw, and means for swinging the saw downwardly power driven shaft, a pair of shafts operatively through the earth and under a standing tree to 5 connected to one end thereof and extending at sever a segment of earth immediately adjacent right angles thereto in opposite directions, shaft the tree for removal with the tree. housings for each of said pair of shafts, a gear 3. A tree transplanting device comprising a housing at the outer ends of said shaft housings, power driven shaft, a pair of shafts operatively a semi-circular saw blade, means 'operatively connected to one end thereof and extending at 10 connecting the ends of the saw to the outer ends right angles thereto in opposite directions, shaft of said pair of shafts for reciprocating the saw, a housings for each of said pair ‘of shafts, a, gear guard for the back of the saw connected to said housing at the outer ends of said shaft housings, gear housings, a capstan operating means on at a semi-circular saw blade, means operatively con least one shaft housing for rotating the latter to necting the ends of the saw to the outer ends of 15 swing the saw downwardly through the earth and said pair of shafts for reciprocating the saw, and under a standing tree. means for rotating the housings on the pair'of LEWIS L. CULLEY.