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Патент USA US2410247

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Oct. 29, 1946.
J. 6. SMITH.
Filed Jan. 5, 1944
5 Sheets-Sheet l
c/a/zn 6255122’?
Oct. 29, 1946.
J_ G, sMlTH
Filed Jan. 5, 1944
5 Sheets-Sheet is
7 -7
g (/0727? aéymiiiz
Patented Oct. 29, 1946
2,410,247 ;
-_ ‘BACKING APPARATUS .y 1 1. .'
John G. Smith,'Brunswick__, Ga. I H
Application January 5, 1944, Serial No. 517,121 , 1 v‘
6 Claims.
' 2
This invention relates to racking apparatus and
' I ' [Figure 6
has relation more particularly to an apparatus»
on theline _6—B,oi Figure 1; and
partly in section and partly in elevation illus:
trating theholding dog‘ for, the‘ weight and the.
accounting can behad of thegames played.
Iti's also an object ofv the invention to'provide'
an. pparatus of this kind including a storage rack.
‘ parts immediately associated therewith.
As illustrated invthe accompanying. drawings,_
13 denotes a conventional, type of table used in the
' playing of pocket billiards or pool, and kindred.
forl'ballsf when not in use, and‘ wherein the release
above oneend portion ofjthe
ballsxfor, play isv under checkl 1.01.: games._ Positionedv
Q'I'he invention also has for an object to provide
an’. apparatus of, this vkind including a spotting
rack for proper placement of balls for play upon
Carried‘bythecorner portions of the rack or
triangle S, are the ' outstanding eye: members, I,
to which are a?ixed' the lower extremitiesof the
ilexibleinembers 2,, which are arranged in upward
convergence. and have their upperextremities se
control in an out of the way or inoperative posi
tion; but readily releasabl‘epior spot ra'ckingu‘po
deposit of'a suitable coin or ‘other check“ '
cured to the eye. members 3 depending from a
A still further object‘of the invention is to pro
vide-an apparatus of this kind including auball
members orcords S extend upwardly and over the
guide froller's'l depending, from the ceiling of a
room; oriother support, and from'the rollers l saidv
members or cords} 6 I are, disposed in convergence
toward ‘a sidewall ,of the room or other surface
against removal of balls 7 therefrom wherein? both
' of‘ such means may be made ineffective upon de
The‘vinvention consists in the details of cori
ment of the» several parts of my improved racking
apparatus ‘wherebyHcert-ain limportant advane
room or'otherwise asmayrbevpreferredh,
tagesl are attained, as Will'b'e hereinafter more‘
In order that my invention may be betterun
der'stood,-'I will now proceed to describe thei'sa'rne
in ‘section illustrating ‘an apparatus constructed
in'acc'or'd-ance With anembodiment of the inven
V tionfari ‘associated billiard tablebeing shown'in
Figure 2 is a'verti'cal longitudinalsection? taken
through the ball storage rack as herein embodied,
with certain of the parts in elevation, the section
> being on the line 2—2 of Figure _3;'
properly spaced ball tracks I5, all disposed on an
4 ~
onilthetop‘wall; l2‘: is aubumper block M .for coac—.
tionlwith thew'eighted'member W, freely, working
within thestackl l and to‘ the upper endof which
thefi?'exible‘ rnernberorcord 9 is secured, as at a,
In' the "present embodiment of the invention, the
stack‘! I‘ asat one endportionhof the top wall [2,
and‘therack Rtincliides the superimposed and
incline'ltowardithejendhof the rack R, carrying
the stack H’, but terminating in advance of such
rack.vv"ll‘hle highiend portions of the tracks l5,
' >F'igure 3 is a sectional view taken substantiall
on the line 3i—-3 of Figure 2; -
wardly intorf?ari?upstanding'stack Ill, open at, its
the; [This?stacig ll‘ is mounted upon the top wall
lhlqandthe bottom thereof‘ and mounted directly
" Figure ilfis'a view partly inelevation’andpartly’ " '
’ '_ a
_ Thefleggible member or cord 9 extends down
l2 of ‘a ballstorage rack ,R' and within the stack.
with reference to theaccompanying"drawings,
to one sideof the'table B. Theconverging ex-.
ti'emities of thamembers or'cords .6 are con-,
nected,_ as at. 8,.to .a single flexible, member or
cord :9 which extendsover and downwardly from,
a guide r9116: 1.11 supported by the side Wall of the,
s'truc'tion and in the, combination and arrange
fully set forth.
crown rmembervjéh H'I‘he centralv portion of. the
crown" ‘member 4 is provided withthe upstanding.
eye members 5. to which‘are suitably ai?xed the
supporting “flexible members 6. These ?exible,
raclsffor holding the balls when; out of play "to;
gether‘ with a spotting rack‘ for initially placing
theballs in playing position and wherein means;
are'provided for. releasablyv holding the spotting
rack in‘ an out of the way or inoperative position
together with means for closingthe ball‘ rackv
posit of a single ‘coin or other cheek.
table B, and normally at a material height there
above,‘ is alconventional spotting, rack or triangle‘.
a'playing surface, sucli_,_as a billiard table, and
Whereinsuch spotting rack; is held under check
Figure 7 is an'enlarged detail fragmentary View
of this kind especially adapted, for vuse in public
billiard halls, and it is primarily an object of the
invention to provide means whereby an effective
' of ‘such; racked
a sectional view taken substantially '
iFigure 4 is a fragmentary detail sectional view
taken substantially on the line‘4—4 of Figure 2';
Figure 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view»
orthose extremities remote. from‘ the stack H,
have their outer side portions cut away at l6‘ to '
allow ' the placing of a ball upon a selected‘; track
taken substantially on the line 5l--5 of Figure2; 55. “The lower: ends of the tracks [5 terminate a’ '
the limit of its downward movement, an end por
desired distance from the adiacent end wall I‘!
tion of a weighted dog or pawl 3I engages the
of the rack R so that when ‘the balls I8 drop oil?
weight W to lock the weight against upward
from the lower ends of the tracks I5. they will
movement, whereby when the spotting rack S is
be received upon the runway I9 extending along
the bottom portion of the rack R below the tracks 5 released by the individual, it will be retained at
a required distance above the table B to a?ord
I5 and extending a desired distance outwardly
no interference to the playing on the table B.
beyond the rack so that the players may have
The dog or pawl 31 is pivotally carried by the
convenient access to the balls I8 for placement
top portion of an upstanding post 32 carried by
The rack R between the lower ends of the 10 the outer free corner portion of the member 28.
upon the table B.
tracks I5 and the adiacent end wall I‘! is closed
by an outer face plate 28. The rack R is also
closed below the tracks I5 by the face plate 2|.
Suitably mounted upon the face plate 28 and
exteriorly of the rack R is a receptacle 22 into 15
which extends a check or coin slide 23 of a con
ventional type for coaction with a slide 24 ex
tending within the rack R through the face plate
Upon the proper placement of a coin or check
25. the slides 23 and,24 will be caused to have
unitary inward sliding movement but when a coin
or check 25 is not applied. the slide 23 will have
endwise movement entirely free of the slide 24.
This coin mechanism is of a conventional type
The member W is provided therearound with an
‘upwardly facing annular shoulder 33 with which
the dog or pawl 3I engages from above when
the weighted member W is in its lowered posi
tion and the member 28 is in its outward or effec
tive position, The inner side wall 34 of the stack
I I at its bottom portion is provided with a proper
opening to allow the dog or pawl 3| to extend
within the stack for proper coaction with the
weighted member W to hold the same against
upward movement.
wardly into ineffective position as the result of
inward movement of the slide 24, the pawl or
dog 3I‘wil1‘be carried away from the weighted
member W a distance sufficient to free the dog
or pawl 3i from‘the shoulder 33 of the weighted
member W so that'as pull is imposed upon the
raised or elevated spotting rack S, the member
wherein, when the slide 23 after the exterior ap-'
plioation of a coin or check 25, has been shoved
inwardly a required distance, the coin will be
allowed to drop within the receptacle.
' However, when the member 28 is swung rear
The slide 24 extends inwardly of the rack R 30' W will be free to move upwardly to allow the
rack S to be placed upon the table B and sub
through a suitably positioned mortise 26 provided
jected to such movements necessary to allow for
in one Of the intermediate tracks I5, thus assur
the proper spotting or racking of the ‘balls. The
ing the slide 24 tov be so positioned as to offer
dog or pawl 3| has coacting therewith a suitable
no hindrance or obstruction to the desired travel
' of a ball I8 along the track I5 immediately below 35 stop member 35 to limit the upward swinging
movement of the dog or pawl but which offers
the plunger 24. ' ’
no interference to the free downward swinging
The inner or inserted end of the slide 24 is
movement of the dog'v or pawl 3|. as the down
operatively connected, as at 21, with the free ver
wardly .moving member W;passes thereby.
tical marginal portion of a plate-like holding
member 23. ,The opposite vertical marginal por 40
In view of the foregoing it is believed to be
readily apparent that normally the weighted
tion of this holding member 28 is swingingly con
nected by, the conventional spring hinges 29 with
member W is locked in its lowered position by the
dog or pawl 3I and the holding member 28 is in a
position to hold the balls on the track I5 from
These ‘hinges 29 serve to normally maintain
the inner or free vertical marginal portion of the 45 dropping down upon the runway I'I. However,
holding member 28 in a position to intersect the
during the playing of a game,‘ the pocketed balls
grooves, 21 invv the tracks I5 to hold the balls l8
I8 may be selectively placed upon the desired
fromdro'oping or running off from the tracks I5.
tracks I5. At the completion of the game and
This holding position of the member 28 is deter
before a second game can be played, it will be
mined by cutting out the inner sides of the tracks 50 required that a proper coin or check be applied
I5 at their low points to provide the inwardly
with respect to the slides 23» and 24 and by the
facing shoulders 38 with which the member 28
one operation of the slides 23 and 24, the weight
has direct limiting contact, as particularly illus
ed member W will be released and the member 28
trated in Figure 3 of the drawings.
moved into a position to allow the balls I8 to
When the member 28 is swung inwardly as the 55 drop upon the runway I9 and be accessible to
slide 24 is pushed inwardly, this member 28 as
the player.
sumes a position su?iciently‘rearwardly of the
It is, therefore, believed to be readily appar
balls I8 on the racks I5 to'perrnit said balls to
ent that aneffective accounting may be had in
freel‘ir roll off by gravity and drop down upon the
connection with the use of the table B and par
runway I9 so that said, balls may be readily col 60 ticularly when open to the'public and in a man
lectedfor‘placement upon the table B._ r '
ner which does not require the services of an
The member W is preferably twice the weight
attendant. It is also to be noted that the appa
of the crown member 4' and the spotting'rack S
ratus is such as to assure perfect regulation even
is preferably of- a weight substantially three
though the balls should not be placed within the
fourths of the weight of the member W, so that
rack R because before the spotting rack S can
the combined weights of the rack S and member
be used, it will be necessary that the required
4 is greaterthan the weight of the. member W,
coin or check be deposited.
whereby before the rack S can be returned to its
From the foregoing description it is thought
raised or elevatedposition, the rack must be man
to be obvious that a racking, apparatus con
ually lifted. As the spotting rack S is manually 70 structed in accordance with my invention is par
lifted, the member W will drop down within the
ticularly well adapted for use by reason of the
stack I I and thus automatically raise the mem
convenience and facility with which it may be as
ber 4 to a height determined by the extent of
sembled and operated.
downward travel of the member W within the
- What is claimed is:
stack. As the member W reaches substantially
1. A bell racking apparatus comprising a sort
' ,
ing rack including vertically spaced tracks dis
is in position to prevent movement of the balls
posed on downward inclines, a vertically ar
ranged door-like member in advance of and
closely adjacent to the low ends of the tracks,
from the tracks and. releasing said vertically
movable element when the shiftable means is in
its other position where the balls are freed for
means hingedly mounting that vertical margin
movement from the racks.
5. A ball racking apparatus, comprising a stor
of the member which is remote from the tracks
to permit the member to swing on a vertical axis
in a direction transversely of the tracks, means
for constantly urging the member to swing to a
age structure including inclined ball tracks, a
shiftable member hingedly mounted adjacent to
the lower ends of the tracks and having two po
position to dispose that vertical margin which is 10 sitions, said member when in one position having
nearest the tracks in position across the low ends
of the tracks to hold the balls on the tracks from
dropping therefrom, said member when swung in
the opposite direction moving into a position to
allow the balls to drop, and means for moving
the member into said second position.
2. A ball racking apparatus comprising a frame
having a front side and a ball receiving compart
ment in the bottom, a plurality of vertically
spaced inclined tracks within the frame above 20
said compartment and between which balls may
be placed, the tracks at their lower ends being
spaced from a side wall of the frame to provide a
vertical passage through which the balls may pass
from the tracks downwardly into said compart
ment, a door-like member having hinge means in
the rear part of said passage and adapted to
be shifted outwardly from a position in which it
blocks the movement of balls from the tracks into
the passage to a position where the balls may
freely move from the tracks into the passage, and
means for shifting said member between the
stated positions.
3. A ball racking apparatus as set forth in
claim 2, in which said door-like member com
prises a relatively long plate disposed within and
to one side of said passage and extending
throughout the major portion of the passage, said
hinge means connecting a vertical edge of the
an edge arranged to check the movement of balls
from the racks and when in its other position
having said edge shifted to permit the balls to
move from the tracks, a vertical guide mounted
above the storage structure, a, body disposed in
said guide for vertical movement, a ?exible cable
connected with said body and extending up
wardly therefrom and adapted for attachment
to a piece of play apparatus, the body having a
down position in said guide andwhen in said
down position maintaining the piece of appara
tus against use, and means forming a latching
coupling between the shiftable member and said
body when the shiftable member is in the said
one position, to maintain the body against up
ward movement in the guide, said latching con
nection being broken upon movement of the
shiftable member to the said other position.
6. A structure of the character stated, com
prising a storage unit for play balls including in
clined ball tracks, the unit including a passage
into which the balls may pass from the tracks, a
swinging member mounted in said passage for
pivoted movement on a vertical axis between two
positions, said swinging member when in one po
sition functioning to prevent the balls passing
from the tracks into the passage and when in the
other position permitting the balls to pass into
the passage, a vertical guide carried by said unit
above said pivoted member, a body disposed in
the guide for up and down movement, a ?exible
cable connected with said body and extending
upwardly therefrom for attachment to a piece of
plate with the frame, the opposite edge of the
plate having limited movement across the adja
cent lower ends of the tracks.
4. A ball racking device, comprising a ball stor
play apparatus, said body when in down position
age structure including inclined ball tracks, a
shiftable means positioned adjacent to the lower 45 in the guide functioning to maintain the piece of
play apparatus against use, an arm extending
ends of said tracks and having two positions, said
upwardly from said swinging member to a posi
shiftable means when in one position acting to
tion at one side of said guide, a latch member
obstruct the passage of balls from the tracks and
carried by said arm and having an end extended
when in another position permitting free passage
of the balls from the tracks, a vertically movable 50 into the guide, and means facilitating the con
nection of the latch member with the vertically
element mounted above said shiftable means, a
movable member when the latter is in down posi
?exible cable connected with said vertically mov
tion, said latch fmember being engageable with
able element and designed for attachment to a
said vertically movable member only when said
piece of game apparatus, said vertically movable
element when in one position maintaining said 55 swinging member is in the said one position
piece of apparatus against use, and means car
where it functions to prevent the balls passing
from the tracks into the passage.
ried by the shiftable means and adapted to en
gage said movable element to maintain the latter
in the said one position when the shiftable means
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