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Патент USA US2410251

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Oct. 29, 1946.
2,410,251
A. TAURMAN
BOTTLE CRATE
Filed Dec. 11, 1944
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2 SheetsfShéet 1
A.TAUR'MA N
‘INVENTOR.
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F453
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ATTEIRNE
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Oct. 29, 1946.
A. TAURMAN
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2,410,251
BOTTLE CRATE
Filed Dec.
‘11, 1944
v2 Sheets-Shed 2
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AIAUQMAN
‘INVENTOR.
ATTIIIRNEYY
Patented Oct. 29,: 1946
2,410,251
UNITED‘ STATES ' PATENT
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OFFICE‘
2,410,251
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.‘BOTTLE CRATE
Alphonso Taurman, Birmingham, Ala. ‘ Application December 11, 1944, Serial No. 567,615
8 Claims.
(01. 220-21)
1
2
This invention relates to bottle crates of the
Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail sectional view show
ing the manner of joining the bottom to the sides
character employed in merchandising bottled
carbonated beverages and has for an object the
provision of a metal crate of the character desig
and ends;
nated which shall be of relatively light weight,
construction of the bottom; and
,
Fig. 7 is an enlarged sectional view showing ‘the
comparable to the weight of wooden crates here
Fig. 8 is a transverse sectional View of the crate
with top, bottom and sleeves omitted.
v
Referring now to the drawings for a better un
tofore employed, shall have the requisite strength
to withstand rough handling, andwhich shall
have a relatively long life so that it will not re
derstanding of my invention, my improved bottle
crate comprises a top I E), a bottom H, sides I2
quire frequent renewal.“
A further object of my invention is to provide
and I3, and ends I4 audit. The top ID of the
a metal bottle crate which shall include means
crate is formed from a single sheet of metal which
is pressed or stamped in the shape shown with an
for positioning the bottles in the crate against dis
placement, which means shall afford reinforce
overhanging ?ange l'i extending all the way
ment for the crate thereby permitting the use’ of 15 around to provide rounded corners I8, as shown.
relatively light gauge metal and still obtain the
Theoverhanging ?ange I1 ?ts over the sides and
requisite strength,
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.
ends of the crate as shown in Figs. 3, 4, and ‘5.
In my previously ?led application, Serial No.
The top I ii is also stamped to provide holes I9 for
555,633, ?led September 25, 1944, there is shown,
‘receivingb'ottles, the holes I9 being provided with
described and claimed a metal bottle crate having
a body portion formed from a single sheet of
metal bent in the form of a tube with reinforc
ing channels along the sides and with separate
ends. A‘ particular feature of the crate shown
in said application is the provision of metal 25
downturned ?anges 2| so that no sharp edges or
rough surfaces are presented to the bottles. ‘
Fitting around the downturned ?anges 2! are
sleeves 22 for guiding and holding the bottles in
place.‘ As may be seen from Figs. 1 and 3, the
[holes 12 ‘are closely spaced so that the sleeves 22
sleeves for holding the bottles in place, which
abut ‘and are welded together along their'lines
of engagement. '_ They are also welded to the
downturned ?anges 2|. They, thus form a
smooth, rigid, reinforced construction for the top
It. Asshown in Fig. 3, the’ outer rows of sleeves
22 may be welded to the sides 12 and‘ I3 which ef
fects considerably more stiffening and strength
ening of the top and sides, whereby the crate is
sleeves are so disposed ‘as to provide reinforcement
for the body portion. The. constructionshown
in this application is an improvement over that
shown in my prior application aforesaid,-_in that
the body portion is soformed as to present all
rounded corners thereby minimizing the, danger
to persons handling the crate and further. in
cludes a mounting for the sleeves around down
‘adapted to withstand rough‘usage.
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turned ?anges. in the top and welding them to the 35 The sides l2 and [3 are formed from separate
top, to each other, and to the sides and ends of
sheets of metal ‘each pressed‘ to shape to form
the crate, thereby providing a smooth top sur
one side and a half of each end ofthe crate. As
face and additional reinforcement for the crate.
may be seen in Figs. 4: 5 and 8, the sides and vends
My invention also includes a bottle crate ‘made
are pressed to form outturned portions 26 and 21
of light gauge sheet metal which is ofiex'ceptional
at top and bottom, respectively,- providing, be
strength and one which may be constructed with
tween them depressed panels. vThe outturned
a minimum of operations and be readily assem
portion 26 has an upturned ?ange 28 and the
‘outturned portion. 21 is provided with a down—.
These and other objects and'advantages "of my
turned ?ange 29. The downturned flange I 1 of
invention will become, apparent from a considera-. 45 the top ?ts over the upturned ?ange 28 ofthe
tion of the accompanying drawings-forming a
sides and ends as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. The
bled.
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part of this applicationin which
i.
.
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a cratemadeinac
cordance with my invention;
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- 1;
Fig. 2 is a bottom planviewthereof;
Fig. 3 is an end-elevation of the crate;
Fig. 4 is aside elevation partly in section;
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view drawn to an
sheets forming the sides and ends abut at the
‘enter, of the ends as shown at 25 in Fig. 8 and
maybe joined together by welding.
50 _"
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The‘ bottom II, like the top I9, is formed from
single sheet of-metal stamped or‘pressed to
shape, with an upturned ?ange 20 extending all
around and ?tting over thedownturned ?ange
enlarged scale showing‘the construction of the I ‘29, at the bottom of the sides and‘envds and’is
1.5.5 welded thereto;- 'The bottom-is also provided with
handle; a: '
2,410,251
3
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a multiplicity of drain holes 3| so that no liquid
can accumulate within the crate. In order to
4
with depressed panels abutting the outer rows of
sleeves and joined thereto.
2. A metal bottle crate comprising a top hav
ing rows of holes formed therein for receiving
prevent displacements of the lower ends of the
bottles, when in position in the crate, I press out
the bottles, said holes being closely and regularly
protuberances 32 between the rows of sleeves
spaced and having downturned ?anges, sleeves
against which the lower ends of the bottles are
for the bottles disposed in abutting relation and
adapted to abut, as shown in Fig. ‘7. The bottles
surrounding the ?anges and joined thereto and
are thus guided and held in place for the major
to
each other, sides for the crate formed with de
portions of their lengths within the sleeves 22 and
are held in place at the bottom by means of the 10 pressed panels abutting the outer rows of sleeves
and joined thereto, and handles for the crate
protuberances.
formed from plates extending across and welded
As shown more particularly in Figs. 3, 4 and 5
to the end rows of sleeves and having grip por
of the drawings, the ends [4 and I6 are each pro
tions curved downwardly outwardly and upwardly
vided with inwardly ?anged openings 33 for
joined to the top.
handling the crate. Extending across the upper 15 and
3. A metal bottle crate comprising a top hav
part of each end of the crate and joined to the end
ing rows of holes formed therein for receiving the
row of sleeves is a plate 35 having a handle or
bottles, said holes being closely and regularly
grip portion 34 formed therein which is turned
spaced and having downturned ?anges, sleeves
outwardly through the opening 33 and is joined
for the bottles in abutting relation and surround
to the top and end, being positioned between the 20 ing the ?anges and joined thereto and to each
?anges I‘! and 28 and welded thereto, as seen in
other, sides for the crate formed with depressed
Fig. 5. The plate 35 is welded to the end rows of
panels abutting the outer rows of sleeves and
sleeves 22 as shown at 36 in Figs. ll and 5 and
joined .thereto, handles for the crate formed from
thus provides additional reinforcement and still
plates extending across and welded to the end
ening for the ends of the crate and for the 25 rows of sleeves and having grip portions curved
sleeves. In addition to the reinforcing already
downwardly outwardly and upwardly and joined
described, I may provide a sti?ening plate 4!]
to the top, and a bottom for the crate having pro
connecting the bottom of the crate near the cen
tuberances formed therein to hold the lower ends
ter to the superjacent sleeves.
My improved bottle crate is readily and easily as 30 of bottles against displacement.
‘l. A metal bottle crate comprising a top hav
sembled. The top in, bottom ! 1, sides and ends ii!
ing rows of holes formed therein for receiving the
and i3, and handles 34 are pressed to the shapes
bottles, said holes being closely and regularly
shown and the sleeves 22 formed. The sleeves
spaced and having downturned ?anges, sleeves
22 are ?rst assembled in rows in abutting rela
for the bottle disposed in abutting relation and
tion and welded together. The plate 35 is then
surrounding the ?anges and joined thereto and to
welded to the end rows of sleeves 22 and the sides
each other, said sleeves stopping short of the bot
and ends [2 and it are assembled around the
tom of the crate, sides for the crate formed with
sleeves and the sleeves welded thereto. The bot
outwardly projecting reinforcing shoulders with
tom is next placed over the sides and ends as
?anges at top and bottom forming depressed
shown in‘ Figs. 4 and 6 and welded thereto; then 40 panels between the shoulders, said depressed pan
the top is placed over the sides and ends and over
els abutting- the outer rows of sleeves and joined
the grip portion of the handle 355 as shown in
thereto, a top for the crate having a downturned
Fig. 5. Also, the downturned ?anges 2! of the
?ange ?tting over the upper ?ange and joined
top are entered into the sleeves 22 and the top
thereto, a bottom‘for the crate having an up
is then welded to the sleeves, the sides and ends,
turned ?ange ?tting over the lower flange and
and the handle portion 36. It will be understood
joined thereto, and protuberances formed in the
that this work of assembly may be handled with
bottom adapted to bear against the lower ends of
precisionjigs in a minimum of time and with a
the bottles and hold them in place.
minimum of labor.
5. A bottle crate as set forth in claim 4 in
Fromthe foregoing, it will be apparent that I 50 which the sides and ends are formed from sheets
have devised an improved metal bottle crate
each pressed to form a side and a half of one end
which is simple of construction, easy of manu
of the crate and an inwardly ?anged opening in
facture and assembly, light of weight, and yet
each end a handle member extending across the
strong and sturdy to withstand the. rough usage
crate at each end abutting the end row of sleeves
55
to which such devices are submitted and to have
and joined ‘thereto, and a curved grip forming
that permanency which is so necessary for eco
a part of the handle member and extending out
nomical operation of a bottling plant.
wardly through the opening in the end and joined
While I have shown my invention in but one
to the upper ?ange of the end and to the top.
form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art
6. In a metal bottle crate having sides and
60
that it is not so limited, but is susceptible of var
ends, a. handle member extending across the ends,
ious changes and modi?cations, without depart
ing from the spirit thereof, and I desire, there
fore, that only such limitations shall be placed
and abutting cylindrical bottle holders joined to
gether and disposed in regular longitudinal and
spaced and having downturned ?anges, sleeves‘
verse rows with the side rows joined to the sides
of the crate and the end rows joined to the handle
transverse rows with the side rows joined to the
thereupon as are speci?cally set forth in the 65 sides'of the crate and the end rows joined to the
rappended claims.
handle members.
What I claim is:
7. In a metal bottle crate having sides and
’ . 1. .A metal bottle crate comprising a top having
ends,'a handle member extending across the ends,
rows of holes formed therein for receiving the
abutting cylindrical bottle holders joined together
bottles, said holes being closely and regularly 70 and disposed in regular longitudinal and trans
for the bottles disposed in abutting relation and
surrounding the ?anges and joined thereto and
members, and a top having a downturned ?ange
?tting about the sides and ends of the crate and
to eachother, said sleeves stopping short of the
bottomiof the crate,v and sides for the crate formed 75 joined thereto, and also having downwardly
5
2,410,251
?anged holes therein with the ?anges ?tting
within and joined to the cylindrical holders.
6
?ange ?tting about the sides and ends of the
crate and joined thereto, and also having down
wardly ?anged holes therein with the ?anges ?t
ting within and joined to the cylindrical holders,
abutting cylindrical bottle holders joined together 5 and a bottom having an upturned ?ange ?tting
and disposed in regular longitudinal and trans
over the sides and ends and joined thereto, and
verse rows with the side rows joined to the sides
protuberances extending upwardly from the bot
of the crate and the end rows joined to the handle
tom in position to engage the lower ends of bottles
members, said holders stopping short of the bot
against displacement.
tom of the crate, a top having a downturned 10
ALPHONSO TAURMAN.
8. In a metal bottle crate having sides and
ends, a handle member extending across the ends,
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