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Патент USA US2410255

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oct. 29, 1946.
2,410,255
R. É. WELLS
FILING CABINET
Filed Oct. 19, 1944
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
.
BY
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_
INVENTOR
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oct. 29, 1946.
R. E. WELLS
2,410,255
FILING CABINET
Fiied oct. 19„ 1944
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INVENTOR.
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BY
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Oct. 29, 1946.
y
v R, E, WELLS
2,410,255
FILING CABINET
Filed oct. l19, 1944
_ -
-5 sheets-sheet 5
2
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713
> INVENTOR.
RayEmgzvzâ,
2,410,255
Patented Oct. 29, u1946
» ‘i ~
STATES PATENT oFFlÍCtE
Metal 4vConstruction Company, Jamestown,
N. Y;, a corporation of Massachusetts
Application ~`October- 19, 1944;' Serial No. 559,349
11 "(naims.A (C1. ¿1o-.102)
on liney Il-Il of Fig. 1l illustrating the- panel
-This. invention relates to a novel and improved
cabinet for the vliling of records: Qn both faces of
locking»
contributing to the ease, convenience, and cer
l
>
'
same on lineylr-S-Isof Fig. 1,7; and Y
-
`
_
Fig.> 19 is a 'horizontal ysectional View on line
proposed, andcomprehends- several;y novel features
tainty of handling and operating the panels
While attached to the housing, removingthem
from the housing for inspection and recording
means;
Fig. 18 is-a vertical cross-sectional View of. the
drawer panels which are reversible when with
drawn fromthe cabinet. The invention aims to
improve’upon cabinets of this classv asY heretofore
Ie-IS
Referring
of Fig.
to 1'7;
the-drawingsl
_
»
and, tothe embodi
ment of the invention illustrated therein as an
example, and having reference at ñrst more par
10 ticularly to Figs. 1-- andy 2, there »isf shownA a tiling
cabinet comprising a lower or base- section 20
having adrawer 22‘ provided Ywith a handle 2,4;
elsewhere, and restoring thgem to the housing.
The inventionY will best beçunderstbod‘ by ref
and> a main or upper section 2li having at its front
erence to theA following description when taken
anopening' 28vat which the frontsv of drawer pan
in connection with'A the. accompanying drawings
of one specific embodimentthereof, while its scope 15 els 30~ having handlesk 3,2> are» presented to View.
The base section r»is important lîo-rytwo> reasons;_
will be pointed out more particularly in the ap
iirst, its drawer provides a rest for the drawer
pended claims.
.
-
In the drawings:
panels when inclined downwardly, and, second,
« _ f '
it Velevates the upper section sufficiently (see Fig.
2) togpermit even the lowermost; drawer panel-*to
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a filing cabinet
embodying the invention ;2
Y
'
-
be rotatedeabout a horizontal axis and reversed
Fig. 2 is a side elevationI of a portion ofthe cab
inet~ with two panels WithdrawnY from the housing
to illustrate the. mode of operation;
Fig. âisaplan ofa portion of- the cabinet, with
a. panel withdrawnírom the housing and skewed
laterally as in detaching; and reattaching;l
FigJl is a. plan, partly ini horizontal section,
showing the fronty portion of -the »housing and a
panel withdrawn therefrom;
.
-
withoutl detachment from the housing.
asby prîovidingeach with a central plate 34lhav
ing one or more. pai-rs of channeled guides; 36 se
cured theretovtof receive the ends of appropriate
filing- elements such Aas flexible name slips 38` (see
Fig. 4)'. The" panel has a front bar 40 (see
10) to which the plate-34 is suitably securedas -by
i
’
Fig. »7 is a sectional'ïview onl an enlarged's‘cale
on line Í"l-l» of Fig; 4;
- '
»
Fig. 8 is an end> elevation of the panel' support
on an
enlarged
scale;-
`
f
`
a ilangellZ on the plate welded to the front bar.
, Thepanel has a rear bar lid-(see Fig. 7) secured
in like manner by a flange 46.
. Tofenable the panel to be presented with either
; side up and> reversedv at will,v itis supported-onI a>
panel support,y herein atransverse barrllßY (see Fig.
4) .by a swivel Connection such as Va pivot’âll, best
'
Fig. 9 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale
online 9_9» of Fig. 4;v '
`“7_¿Flg. vlllis a'rsectional view on "an
enlarged scale
on~`- line ' lllàlll *of* Fig. 4;
,
ing of records on both sidesrthereoi. (see Fig. 6)
Fig. 5y is a sectional view on linek lf3-#5* of Fig. 4;y
Fig. 6 is a sectional view-on an' enlarged scale
on line 6_5 of Fig». 4;
-
The panels are» suitably constructed for the ñl-.
shown. in-»Fig llypassed through the barsy‘tllv and
40
d8- andheaded over atV both ends to keep it in.
place.V Preferably» the pivot is ñxed in the ¿bar 44
and ïturns in the bar”v 118.v Thusv thepanel is
_
Fig. 1I is a sectional View on an enlarged scale
mounted on the panel support to turn aboutv an
>Fig._13 isv aplan oí one of_ thepanel-supporting
slides: which are'guided by ther fixed guides;
"
axis extending lengthwise of Athe` lateraledges of
the panel. Turning movement of thepanel »in
opposite directions aboutthis axis is limited -by
appropriate meanssuch as astop pin` 52 -(see Fig.
'7) whichtravels in an arcrA--A (see Fig. 5) and
. îFig.j14,is a' Vertical sectional View l'illustrating I
entersieith'er of two notchesy 54 inthe bottom of
online >Il-->4l>l10f Fig. 4;'
'
.
"g.- 12 is a plan ofone of the ñxed guides
within the housing.;
l
`
"
the panel supporting bar 43.
a ñxe'd guide` andl associated slide ;` '
‘
50
`151s avertical,'cross-sectional View illus
tratinga panel, a'pairïof panel-‘supporting slides,
anda pair of guides therefor.
L Í'
,`
e
Fig; 16’ is a'sectional view'on linev laf-46 of Fig.
Fie. 171s, a 'Verneai;longif-.udifnai'sectional'viewy ,55
y
.',I’To retain thepanelin either position and to
maintain its registration with- itsv support,„th_ere
is .provided Yan appropriate releasable -,detent¿
su‘chas a `round-ended plunger ,5.5, (see> Fig. 19,)v
yieldingly
working 4inpressed.
a guideoutwardly
58 in the>_bypanel.
_a spring-,6B
support _into
2,410,255
engagement with a depression 62 in the bar 44
other slide. It follows that since this is the only'
on the rear end of the panel. Application of
way in which trunnions can be removed, there is
suflicient force to turn the panel in the proper
no possibility of their becoming detached acci
direction will cause the round end of the detent
dentally from the slides. The fixed guides 80
plunger to ride out of the depression and to re-- ci stacked one upon another (see Fig. 18) laterally
enter it. It is desirable that the panel, in ad
about against and are supported by a set of
dition to being reversible as described, shall be
channel-bar uprights 92 which, as shown in Fig.
capable of rocking up and down.(see Fig. 2). ` 18, valso support a ceiling plate 94 resting upon
One convenient way of accomplishing this is to
the upper ends of the uprights and having up
provide the panel support 48 with alined trun 10 turned lateral flanges 96.
nions 64 (see Fig. 8) supported by and arranged
It is desirable that arrangements be made to
to turn on further panel supporting means now
prevent unauthorized access to the file, and to
to be described.
,
that end the cabinet is equipped with means
Though the panel 30, when vwithin the hous
` ~ now to be described for locking the panels in
ing may, and herein does, continue to derivey 15 place. This is accomplished in a simple and con
some support from the panel support 48, actually
venient manner by the use of a common locking
said panel support plays no real part in the sup
bar 98 which can be housed above the ceiling
port of the panel and may be disregarded. The
plate 94 (see Figs. 17, 18 and 19) within a chan
real supporting means for the panel, when with
nel bar guide |00 affixed to the top of said plate
in the housing, is two separate and distinct and 20 and having at its rear end a stop |02 to limit
independently movable slides 66 (see Fig. 15)
rearward movement of the locking bar. The
each having an upper flange 68 and a lower
locking bar (see Fig. 9) extends through an open
ñange 10 with a channel 12 between them.
ing |04 in the front wall of the housing, and its
These channels receive the hereinbefore described
forward movement through this opening is lim
trunnions 64 which rest upon the lower flanges 25 ited as by providing the rear end of the bar with
'I0 and travel horizontally within the channels
lugs |06 which strike the inner face of said front
12 and strike abutments 14 and 16 which close
wall and provide also a fulcrum about which
` the front and rear ends, respectively, of each
said bar may then be rocked downwardly (see
channel. Thus, when the slides are projected
Fig. 1'7) into the broken line approximately
from the front of the cabinet l(see Fig. 4) the 30 vertical position there shown.
trunnions- 64 turn in the channels 12 of the pro
The locking bar is like a hasp and has a slot
jecting ends of the slides 66 which have been
|08 (see Fig. 19) which will receive a lug ||0
projected by the striking of the trunnions against
(see Fig. 17) provided with an opening ||2 to
the abutments 'I4 at the outer ends of the chan
receive a small padlock, which when locked pre
nels '|2. When however, the panel is thrust back 35 vents unauthorized access to the records. Thus,
into the housing, the trunnions 64 strike the
the one locking bar locks all the panels, but
abutments 76 at the inner ends of the channels
when housed, as in Fig. 17, is entirely out of the
'l0 and move'the slides rearwardly. When the
way. The convenience of this arrangement will
readily be appreciated.
panel is within the housing, it is supported (see
Fig. 15) by the lower flanges 10 of the slides 66
Having thus described one embodiment of the
by reason of the fact that the lateral margins
invention, what I claim is:
of the panels rest upon said flanges. It will be
1. In a filing cabinet, the combination of a
observed that the panel is narrower than the
housing open at the front and having two verti
space between the upper flanges 68'and hence
cal side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within
is not received in the channels 12 in the slides
said housing and between said side walls, a hori
66. The front ends of thelower ñanges 10 (see
zontal panel support Within said housing and be
Fig. 13) are narrowed as at 'I8 so that there will
tween said walls, a swivel connection between
be no interference with the rotation of the trun
the rear end of said panel and said support and
nions 64.
having its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges
The panel supporting slides 66 are supported 50 of _said panel, panel and support guiding means
and guided by ñxed guides 80 (see Fig. 12) each
supported by said side walls and having provision
having anarrow upper flange 82 and a relatively
for projection of said panel and said swivel con
wider lower ñange 84 and between them a chan
nection in a horizontal plane beyond the front
nel 86 (see Fig. 16) in which a panel support
of said housing, and cooperating means on the
porting slide 66 travels. The travel is limited by 55 rear of said panel and the front of said support
appropriate means such as movable abutments
normally to prevent turning of said panel about
88 (see Fig. 14) which in this example are formed
said axis.
in the slide as by lancing> the'flange 10 to form
2. In a filing cabinet, the combination of a
tongues which are bent downwardly to occupy
housing open at the front and having two verti
and travel in slots 90 in the ñange 84, best shown
cal Vside walls, a horizontal drawer panel within
in Fig. V12, the extent of travel being that re
said _housing and between said side walls, a hori
quired to project the slides the proper distance
zontal panel support within said housing and be
from the front of the cabinet as seen in Fig. 2,
tween said walls, a swivel connection between the
for example.
l
rear end of said panel and said support and
By turning the panel 30 (see Fig. 3) on the
swivelled connection with the >panel support 48
into a position out of registration with said sup
port, the l-ateral margins of the panel may be
having its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges
of said panel, panel and support guiding means
supported by said side Walls and having provision
for projection lof said panel, said support, and
removed from possible interference with the
slides 66 and the panel and panel support canl
yond the front'of said housing, and cooperating
then be skewed laterally (see the broken line
position) until one trunnion (at the left) is with
said swivel connection in a horizontal plane be
means on the` rear of saidpanel and the front
of said support normally to prevent turning of
drawn from beneath the flange 68, whereupon
said panel about said axis.
that trunnicn may be lifted and then the -second
> 3. In a ñling cabinet, the combination of a
trunnion withdrawn from the channel 'I2 in the 75 housing open at the front `and having two verti
2,410,255
5
1
6
a horizontal plane beyond the front of said hous
ing, and means between the rear of said panel
and the fron-t of said support resisting rotation
of said panel about said axis from either of two
cal side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within
said housing and between said side walls, a hori
zontal panel support within said housing and
between said walls, a swivel connection between
the rear end of said panel and said support and
positions of registration with said support.
having its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges
of said panel, paneland support guiding means
supported by said side walls and having provision
for projection of said panel and said swivel con
nection in a horizontal plane beyond the front
8. In a iiling cabinet, the combination of a
housing open at the front and having two verti
cal side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within
saidfhousing and between said side walls, a hori
of said housing, and cooperating means on the
rear of said panel and the front of said support
»to limit rotation of said panel in one direction
about said axis.
tween said -walls, a swivel connection kbetween the
rear end of said panel and said support and hav
housing open at the frontland having two verti
cal side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within
for projection of said panel and said swivel con
nection in a horizontal plane beyond the front
zontal panel support within said housing and be
ing its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges of
said panel, panel and support guiding means sup
4. In a fili-ng cabinet, the combination of a 15 ported by said side walls and having provision
of said housing, said support being provided with
two notches at opposite sides, respectively, of
tween said walls, a swivel connection between the 20 said axis, and a projection on said panel arranged
said housing and between said side walls, a hori
zontal panel support within said housing and be
to enter one or the other of said notches and to
rear end of said panel and said support and hav
limit rotation of said panel about said axis.
ing its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges of said
9. In a ñling cabinet, the combination of a
panel, panel and support guiding means supported
housing having an opening at the front, a pair of
by said side walls and having provision for pro
jection of said panel and said swivel connection 25 horizontal guides within said housing along itslateral sides, a pair of slides guided by said guides
in a, horizontal plane beyond the front of said
and arranged to be projected through said open-`
housing, and cooperating means on the rear of
ing beyond ,the front of said housing, each slide
said panel and the front of said support normally
having a channel closed at its front and rear ends,
to limit rotation of said panel in each direction.
5. In a ñling cabinet, the combination of a 30 a transverse bar whose ends are guided by said
channels, a, drawer panel whose lateral margins
housing open at the front and having two vertical
rest upon and are guided byl said slides, and a
side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within said
vswivel connection between said bar and said panel
housing and between said side walls, a horizontal
and having its axis parallel with said guides and
panel support within said housing and between
said walls, a swivel connection between the rear 35
slide's.-
'
10. In a ñling cabinet, the combination of a
end of said panel and said support and having
housing having an opening at the front, a `pair
its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges of said
of horizontal guides Within said housing, a pair '
panel, panel and support guiding means sup
of distinct horizontal slides guided by said guides
ported by said side walls and having provision
for projection of said panel and said swivel con 40 and arranged to be projected through said open- '
ing beyond the front of said housing, a drawer
nection in a horizontal plane beyond the front
panel normally within said housing and resting
of said housing, and a yielding detent to resist
upon said slides, a .bar extending transverselyof .
rotation of said panel abdut said axis.
6. In a iiling cabinet, the combination of a
and resting upon and movable lengthwise of said ,
.housing open at the front and having two verti 45 slides, and a swivel connection between said panel
and said bar and having its axis transverse to said
cal side walls, a'horizontal drawer panel within
bar, providing for rotation 0f Said panel about
said housing and between said side walls, a hori
said axis when said slides are projected from
zontal panel support within said housing and be
said housing and when said panel is entirely with
tween said walls, a swivel connection between the
rear end of said panel and said support and hav 50 drawn yfrom said housing.
11. In a ñling cabinet, the combination of a
ing its axis lengthwise of the lateral edges of said
housing having an opening at the front, a pair
panel, panel and support guiding means sup
of horizontal guides within said housing adjacent
ported by said side walls and having provision
opposite sides thereof and having inwardly di- , j
for projection of said panel and said swivel Con
rected slide guiding flanges, a pair of distinct
nection in a horizontal plane beyond the front
horizontal slides resting upon and guided by said
of said housing, and means between the rear of
ñanges and arranged to be projected through said
said panel and the front of said support to main
tain said panel in either ’of two positions one ' `opening beyondthe front of said housing, said
slides having inwardly directed panel guiding
hundred eighty degrees apart with relation to
said support.
,
~
'7. In a filing cabinet, the combination of a
housing open at the front and having two vertical
side walls, a horizontal drawer panel within said
housing and between said side walls, a horizontal
60 flanges, ' a drawer` panel normally within said
housing and resting upon said vpanel guiding
flanges, a bar extending transversely of and rest
ing upon and movable lengthwise of said panel
guiding ñanges, and a swivel connection between
panel support within said housing and between 65 said panel and said bar and having its axis trans
said walls, a swivel connection between the rear
end of said panel and said support and having its
verse to said bar, providing for rotation of said
panel about said aXis when said slides are pro
jected from said housing and when said panel
axis lengthwise of the lateral edges of said panel,
is entirely withdrawn from said housing.
panel and support guiding means supported by
said side walls and having provision for projec
0
tion of said panel and said swivel connection in 7
ROY E. WELLS.
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