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Патент USA US2410311

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Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed Jan. 4, 1945.
2 Sheets-‘Sheet 1
Oct.- 29, 1946-:
2,410,311 '
Filed Jan. 4, ‘1945
46 46
. 43
2 Sheets-Sheet‘ 2
IJZ464/ 3’
.n" ,
Patented Oct. 29, 1946
Warner Steinbach, Maplewood, N. J.
Application January 4, 1945, Serial No. 571,260
3 Claims.
(CI. 30-40)
This invention relates to a magazine for dou
ble-edge safety razor blades and means whereby
blades to hold the rear of the cutting edges out
of contact with the side walls of the magazine,
and also provide a vertical guide rib along the
inner face of the front wall extending within
the blade slots to hold the forward ends of the
cutting edges away from the side walls. As the
forward guide must stop short of the discharge
such a magazine can be mounted on the razor to
inject a new blade while simultaneously ejecting
a dull one. Magazines for double-edge blades
have been proposed, but always, so far as I am
aware, for use in connection with razors of spe
cial construction which are unnecessarily com
plicated and expensive or which cannot be used
passage and so cannot act on the topmost blade
at any time, and as the rear guides cannot func
with the general run of three-hole or slotted 10 tion on the topmost blade while it is being dis
blades obtainable on the market. My primary
object is to simplify and improve such magazines
nevertheless, capable of use with any standard
blade in the time-honored manner. A further
charged, I provide other means for insuring that
the cutting-edges of the topmost blade do not
strike the walls of the magazine either before or
during discharge: a spring tongue extending up
ward from the pressure plate passes through the
slots near their forward ends and, bearing against
the top of the magazine, serves to center the top
object of my invention is to provide improved
most blade and hold its forward cutting edges out ‘
and to provide a razor for use in connection
therewith, which although modified to receive the
magazine in blade injecting-ejecting position is,
means for preventing contact between the mag
of contact with the side walls of the magazine
azine and the cutting edges of the blades, both
at all times, and the slide is shaped to ?t snugly
before and during the blade-discharging opera
between the projections on the rear edge of the
tion. Another object of my invention is to pro
topmost blade. These devices serve to center the
vide simple and effective means for locking the
topmost blade at all. times—-before and during
magazine in blade-feeding position on the razor
discharge-and prevent any contact of the cut
so that a new blade can be accurately and quick 25 ting edges with the magazine.
ly fed into shaving position while its dull prede
To mount my magazine on the razor I provide
cessor is being ejected.
tongues on the former engaging guideways on
As the standard double-edge safety razor is
the under face of the guard plate, and to insure
proper alignment I provide a projection on the
provided with a central threaded stud or rod de
pending from its cap or outer clamping plate. and
magazine which enters a corresponding recess in
also with blade-locating pins or medial bar, like
the cap and is locked in position byturning the
wise depending from the cap, it is impossible to
razor handle to separate the cap and the guard.
feed a conventional blade into position between
This lock places the discharge slot of the maga
the cap and guard plate without a complete sepa
zine in alignment with the slightly ?exed dull
ration of the two. As this is not feasible the blade
blade in the razor so that movement of the slide
must be provided with a medial slot. slightly wider
toward the razor feeds a new blade into shaving
position while simultaneously ejecting the dull
than the thickest stud. rod, pin or bar, and left
open at one end so that it can be fed into shaving
position, open end foremost, straddling ‘all ob
I have illustrated and described certain pre
structions-and likewise be ejected closed end 40 ferred embodiments of my invention in the ac
foremost. I stack my open-slotted blades in a
companying drawings. No doubt others also
magazine with the open slots all facing the dis
could be devised within its purview and these, too,
charge end, and urge them upward against the
are embraced within my claims.
In these drawings:
top of the magazine by means of a spring-pressed
plate. A slide movable in a longitudinal slot in
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the razor and
the top and provided with an external knob en
magazine of my invention shown in blade-feeding
gages the rear end of the topmost blade and. on
relationship. .
being moved forward, discharges it through a
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the magazine
passage de?ned by the upper edge of the front
detached from the razor,
Wall of the magazine and the top.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the razor and maga
It is essential that the cutting edges of the
blades never engage any part of the magazine
zine shown in Figure 1,
Figure 4 is a vertical section on an enlarged
J or razor. To this end, I provide the rear corners
scale taken along line 4--4 of Figure 3,
of the magazine with vertical guide blocks coop
Figure 5 is a horizontal section taken along
‘ erating with projections on the rear edges of the 55 1ine-5——'5 of Figure 1, looking ‘down,
-' -
Figure 6 is a horizontal section taken along
line 5—6 of Figure 1 looking up,
Figure 7 is a bottom view of the magazine top
or cover,
slide along the slot 4| serves to expel a blade,
in a manner to be described presently.
Supported upon the bottom of the magazine are
four coil springs 44 which support a pressure
plate 45 which, in turn, supports a stack of blades
.46. These blades, as illustrated in Figures 5 and
17 are double-edge blades, each provided with a
longitudinal slot 41 open at one end and closed
at the other. The rear edge of each blade is
Figure 8 is a top view of the pressure plate,
Figure 9 is a vertical section through the plate
taken along line 9—9 of Figure 8,
Figure 10 is a top view of the guard plate,
Figure '11 is an end view of the guard plate
showing the guideways for the magazine tongues, 10 provided with two rearwardly extending projec
tions 48. Extending upward from the plate 45
Figure 12 is a transverse section on a still fur
is a spring tongue 49 which passes through the
ther enlarged scale taken along line l2—l?; of
Figure 4,
Figure 13 is a similar section taken along line
|3--|3 of Figure 4,
Figure 14 is a transverse section on the same
large scale taken along line |'-l—iil of Figure 3
and showing the condition of cap, guard and dull
blade when the magazine is locked in block-feedl
ing position,
Figure 15 is a longitudinal section through the
magazine taken along line |5—|5 of Figure 16,
but on a smaller scale, similar to that of Figure
4, but showing a modi?ed form of blade-canton
ing guide and also showing the slide toward the
end of its blade-discharging movement,
Figure 16 is a transverse section taken along
line 15-h“: of Figure 15 and
Figure 17 is a detail showing in perspective
the relative positions of the new incoming blade
and the dull outgoing one.
slots 41 of the stacked blades and, pressing against
the underface of the top 3| of the magazine, acts
to center the blades, including the topmost one,
particularly at their forward or open-slotted ends.
The rear projections 48 on the blades engage the
corner blocks 35, as illustrated in Figures 5 and 6,
and the guide rib 36 extends into the blade slots,
20 and thus the blades are spaced from the side walls
of the magazine and their cutting edges pro
The slide 152 is just wide enough to ?t within
the projections 48 along the rear edge of each
blade. Thus when the slide has been retracted to
its rearmost position as shown in Figures 4, 5
and 6, it ?ts'between the projections 48 of the
topmost blade, which is pressed against the top
33 by the pressure plate and is in alignment with
30 the slide. When the slide is moved to the left
through manipulation of the knob 53, the top
most blade is disengaged from the stack and
moved forward through the discharge passage
tional safety razor of the Gillette type, modi?ed
37, lower blades being held back by the forward
as I shall describe presently and comprising a
cap 2%, a guard plate 2| and a handle 22, the 35 Wall. This movement is facilitated by the pro
vision of ribs 50 on the lower face of the top 3|.
guard plate being permanently but rotatably
During the discharge movement of the topmost
mounted on the handle in the usual way. The
blade, its rear end is centered with reference to
cap is provided with the conventional blade-lo
the side walls of the magazine by the action of
cating pins '23, extending through holes 245. in the
the slide 42 ?tting within the projections 48.
guard plate, and with a central threaded stud
Meanwhile, the forward end of the blade is cen
25 which enters a threaded socket 26 in the han
tered by means of the spring tongue 49. When
dle. The cap and guard plate are drawn to
the end of the slot 41 reaches the tongue 49, the
gether toclamp and ?ex a blade between them
tongue is depressed to permit overriding by the
by turning the handle clockwise with respect to
blade and from this point on the blade must be
the guard plate and the two clamping members
centered by the slide itself, but this presents no
are separated by turning the handle counter
dif?culties because by this time most of the blade
has left the magazine. The slot ?ll extends for
In Figure 1 I have illustrated a magazine 2'!
ward beyond the front wall 35 and thus enables
mounted in blade-feeding position on the razor
the slide to discharge a blade completely. When
by means which I shall describe presently, but
one blade has been discharged, the slide is re
?rst I shall describe the magazine itseli: and its
turned to its initial position at the rear of the
blade-feeding mechanism.
magazine where it is held in readiness to dis
The magazine proper comprises a casing hav
charge another.
ing abottom 29, top 3|, side walls 32, back wall
I shall now describe the means for mounting
,33' and front wall 34. I have shown the top 3|
and locking the magazine upon the razor. Guide
provided with depending ?anges ?tting over the
ways for the tongues 38 are formed at each end
side and rear walls, but this is not important and
of the guard plate 2! by cutting strips of metal
other means for constructing the casing may be
from the guard plate and bending them down
employed. Within the magazine at its rear cor
wardly and inwardly to form the angles 5|.
,ners, I provide a pair of vertical guide blocks
This is a simple and inexpensive method of
35, and at the middle of the front wall 34 a
forming guideways, although other means might
vertical- guide rib 36 whose function it is to center
be employed, or separate guideways mounted on
the blades. A horizontal blade-discharge passage
the underface of the guard plate. As shown
37, as deep as the thickness of a blade, is pro
in Figures 2 and 14, the tongues 38 are laterally
vided between the top edge of the front wall 34
tapered slightly to make a snug ?t between
and the top 3|. Extending forwardly from the
the horizontal ?anges of the angles 5| and the
front wall 34 are a pair of tongues 33 adapted to
lower arcuate face of the guide plate which,
_ cooperate with guideways on the guard plate, and
between them, de?ne the guideways. The maga
extending forwardly from the top 3| is a pro
jection 39, dovetail in cross section, which is 70 zine is now mounted on the razor, but not locked
there. In order to lock the magazine in blade
adapted to engage a correspondingly shaped re
feeding position, I provide a recess 52 at each end
cessin the cap of the razor to form a wedge
of the cap 20, which recess is provided with up
lock. Slidably mounted within a, longitudinal
wardly ?aring side walls designed to receive the
slotdl inv the top 3i is a slide 1%2 provided with
an external knob 43. Forward movement of the 76 correspondingly shaped projection 39 from the
In these drawings I have illustrated a conven
end of the magazine top, as illustrated best in
Figure 14.
When an old dull blade is to be ejected from
the razor and replaced by a new sharp one, the
cap and guard plate are moved toward each
other by turning the handle to the right. There
upon the magazine is mounted upon that end
it nonre?llable. Thus the whole would con
stitute a blade package to be discarded when
emptied of its contents-the blades.
Although the razor used with my magazine
must be adapted to receive it, as shown and de
scribed, nevertheless it is not so di?erent from
the ordinary Gillette-type razor as not to be
of the guard plate underlying the open-slotted
usable in the regular way with regular blades.
end of the dull blade by inserting the tongues 38
I claim:
within the guideways and pressing the magazine 10
1. A magazine for holding a stack of blades
home until its front wall 34 abuts against the
each having an open-ended longitudinal slot and
adjacent edge of the guide plate. With the parts
having a blade discharge passage between its top
in this position the projection 39 overlies one of
and forward wall, means at the discharge end
the recesses 52. In order to lock the magazine
of the magazine for mounting it on the guard
on the razor, the handle is then turned counter 15 plate of a safety razor, a projection forming part
clockwise to separate the guard plate and cap,
of a lock extending from the magazine at its
thus ?rmly seating the projection 39 within the
adjacent recess 52, and releasing the clamping
pressure on the dull blade.
discharge end, and means for discharging blades
one by one.
We now have the
2. Apparatus for feeding razor blades into shav~
dull blade only slightly ?exed between the spaced 20' ing position comprising a razor blade magazine
cap and guard plate, as illustrated in Figures
having a discharge passage, a safety razor having
14 and 17, and the parts are in readiness for the
blade injecting-ejecting operation.
of the slide to the left discharges a sharp blade
clamping members for a blade, means for mount
ing the magazine on one of the clamping mem
bers with its discharge passage facing the razor,
from the magazine. The forward end of this 25 interlocking means on the magazine and the
blade engages the adjacent end of the ?exed
other clamping member and means for separat
dull blade, as illustrated in Figure 17, and ejects
the latter from the razor as the new blade takes
ing the clamping member to lock the magazine in
blade-feeding relation to the razor.
3. The combination of a double-edge safety
its place. Now the handle is turned clockwise
to clamp the new blade and ?ex it into shaving
razor comprising guard plate and cap, a recess
position. This releases the cam lock and permits
in the cap, a guide on the guard plate, a maga
withdrawal of the magazine.
zine for holding a stack of blades, and having a
In Figures 15 and 16, I have illustrated a modi
blade discharge passage at one end, an extension
?ed form of blade-centering means. Instead of
on the magazine cooperating with the guide on
the ?xed guide rib 36 and the spring tongue 49 35 the guard plate to mount the magazine on the
extending upwardly from the plate 45, I combine
razor, a projection on the magazine at its dis
the two and provide the inner face of the forward
charge end extending into the correspondingly
wall 34 with a spring-pressed guide 54 which nor~
shaped recess in the cap, means for discharging
mally presses against the top of the magazine
blades one by one, from the magazine and feed
and centers all of the blades including the top 40 ing them between the guard plate and cap while
most. Like the spring tongue 49, this guide 54,
ejecting a dull blade from the razor, and means
although normally pressing against the under
for separating the guard plate and cap to lock
surface of the top 3| of the magazine, may be
the magazine on the razor with the discharge pas
depressed to permit overriding by the blade being
in alignment with the blade-receiving space
45 between guard plate and cap, and release the
In actual practice I would construct my maga
zine of plastic or some light cheap metal, mount
the blade stack within it at the factory and make
pressure on the dull blade.
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