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Патент USA US2410331

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06L 29, 1946-
.F'iled Jan. 27, 1945
3 Sheets-Sheet l
'___5V11l3 ‘Inventor
Get. 29, 1946.
3 Sheété-Sheét 2
Filed Jam. 27, 1945
( 3,9 2/]
35 28
Invent or
Oct. 29, 1946.
Filed Jan. 27, .1945
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
} Inventor
Patented Oct. 29, 1946
Ovila J. Aubertin, Matachewan, Ontario, Canada
Application January 27, 1945, Serial No. 574,874
5 Claims.
, 1
This invention relates to improvements in a
?shing rod and reel and appertains particularly
(01. 43-20)
Figure 1 is an elevation ofa preferred em->
bodiment of my assembled rod and reel;
Figure 2 is an elevation of the combined handle
to one intended especially for deep water trolling
part’ and reel;
and capable of handling up to as much as ?ve
Figure 3 is a similar side elevation of the han
hundred or a thousand feet of metallic line.
dle part alone, some portions being shown in
Among the objects of the invention are to pro
vertical section;
vide an improved rod and reel that will indicate
Figure 4' is another side elevation, being the
to the user the amount of line that has been paid
reverse of Figure 2;
out by the inclusion of a measuring gauge; has
Figure 5 is a horizontal section;
a coil spring interposed between and connecting 10
Figures 6, '7 and 8 are transverse sections as
the crank shaft and line spool to maintain ten
on lines 6-6, 'l-l vand 8—8 respectively of
sionv on the line; indicates the approximate
Figure 5;
pounds pull on the line by a crank-carried pointer
(Figures 2 to 8linclusive being just twice‘ the
measuring against a graduated scale on the pe
riphery of the line spool, being the rotative move 15 scale of Figure 1.)
Figure 9 is an enlarged, horizontal sectional
ment of the said spool relative to the crank
elevation of the reel and contiguous .parts of the
against the action of the interposed connecting
spring; allows the crank and spool to be freely
Figure 10 is an end'elevation of the sliding
connected through the coil spring only, or on
warning ratchet, or locked together against any 20 looking button;
of the spring nest in
relative movement; has stream-lined, reel-in
plate removed;
corporated handle part facilitating handling and
Figure 12 is a perspective of but a segment of
operating with the innerand outer handle grips
on-rear and forward sides of the reel respec
tively and a padded, body-engaging part on the
end of the rear grip; has the reel recessed in
the handle part where it may be normally held
against rotation by a slip brake whose release
mechanism is located'in the forward handle grip,
facilitates level winding on the spool by carrying
the line through a ?attened, tubular-like passage
in the underside of the forward hand grip and
the near wall of the line spool; and
Figure 13 is an elevation of the crank face
7 (Figures 9 to '13 inclusive being twice the scale
of 2 to 8.)
The preferred design of rod I for use with
this present out?t is made of ?at steel, tapering
in both width and thickness’ toward_the tip 2
where‘it is terminally curved slightly in the di
rection of the line pull, and is formed in two de
tachable sections 3 and 4 that lit tightly into
site leaf spring guards; and wherein the rod is 35 sockets 5 and 6 on the outer end of the inner
section and on the forward end of the combined
preferably composed of separable half sections,
handle part and reel support respectively. For
and formed of tapered ?at steel and provided
passing the line, are a pair of channel or sheath
with sheaf-carried pulleys for passing the line.
like brackets ‘I, one at the tip 2 and the other
prevents possibility of slack line jumping the
reel by the engagement of diametrically oppo
A still further Qbject of the invention is the
just below the socket 5, each carrying a small,
provision of a device of the nature and for the 40
pulley wheel 8.
purpose described that is characterized by ex
The combined and possibly integrally formed
cellence of design, structural strength and sim
handle part and reel support, the various features
of which are shown clearly in Figures 2 to 9, inclu
ease of packing and that being capable of manu
consists generally in a forward hand grip 9,
facture at a reasonable cost is thereby rendered 45 in the front end of which the rod receiving socket
plicity; efficiency of operation, durability and
commercially desirable.
B is formed, a rear hand grip H3 in substantial
To the accomplishment of these and related
alignment therewith and a laterally offset inter-‘
objects as shall become apparent as the descrip
mediate section I I in which the reel seats to oper-\.
tion proceeds, the invention resides in the con 50 ate in a commonplane with the handle grips:
and rod. The balance thus achieved by this out?t.
struction, combination and arrangement of parts
is important, especially since the combined weight.
as shall be hereinafter more fully described,
of rod and reel and 600 feet or more of copper
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and
line is considerable,
pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.
The rear hand grip I0 may consist entirely of a‘. 7
The invention will be best understood and
part of the combined handle part and reel supcan be more clearly described when reference is
port casting but for greater comfort to lighten,
had to the drawings forming a part of this dis
the same and provide a better grip, I turn the
closure wherein like characters indicate like
parts throughout the severalviews. _
v-In the drawings
end of the castingwith its upper side l2, as seenl _
' '
in Figures 3,5, 7 andv9, in line with the v-V axis oi‘.
the forward hand grip 9 and ?t it into a round
wooden shaft l3, coaxial with the forward hand
grip 9 and rod l, and recessed to receive a sub
stantial part ofthe frame oifset l4, andcover the‘
butt-endl’witli a‘spong'e rubber pad! I53
The front hand grip 9, with the rod-receiving
socket 6 extending in from its forward centre,
is stream-lined in that it extends back from a
22 in the forward handle grip 9 that is forced
outwardly by the tip-up arm 40 bearing against
its inner side. Limited movement is allowed this
brake release button M by a transverse screw 45
extending- through an elongated slot ll?‘therein.
Returning to the composite reel 26, the rotat
' able, normally brake-held cranking drum 3!! has
' a concentric annular pocket 41 on its forward
rather small rounded nose to ?are considerably '
side‘while its outer rim 68 has a circumferential
on both upper and lower sides IB‘and IT to 10 shoulder-forming seat 49 on either side. These
blend into the line described ‘by the circumfer'i
ence of the reel though rem'ain'ingio'f'substan
tially constant thickness throughout, as will be
seats‘ receive and'p'r'operly space the complemen
by virtue of the improved wrist’ control. Under
the-socket 6; beginning alittlebehind the nose
53; concentric'with' the annular hub rim‘ 48"yet
spaced outwardly’ therefrom; whose outer side
tary halves of the line spool 50 that are secured
together by the transverse bolts and nuts 5|.
noted in Figure 5. This increase in depth over"
The line spool remains free however to turn with
thickness, especially as regards the ?are on the 15 respect to the cranking drum 3E]. The rear line
upper side; imparts ‘a greater stability tothe rod
spool half’ 5-2- iricludes a substantial lateral ?ange
and continuing through to the rear of-this front
grip; is a wide slot ‘or channel‘passage 18 through
which the enclosed line'passes to the reel, its width
spool and 'whoseinner side, confronting the hub
allowing the pointer ?nger of the user’s left'hand
to'reciprocate an incoming line to guide it as-a
whose inn'erfandouter ends connect respectively
level winder onto the reel.
serves as~the bottcni=~of the-trough of the‘ line
rimvtilfforms a nestior a coil ribbon spring 54
to' the‘ hub 3&3‘and‘theline‘ spool ‘ 59. Inthe front
half 55 of the-line spool a ‘number of~radially
Through the centre of the grip 9, from the rear 25 elongated slots 56 occur that extend outwards
of'the'socket '6; a'passageway l?‘reaches to the
reel seat 23 formed by the oifset' ll between the
hand grips 9 and It and being slightly below the
almost to the circumference fro'nrthe ?ange 53,
these enable the ‘user to View the amount of line
remaining on the spoolii? and having'm'easuring
graduations 5] along the edge, the length-of line
tral shallow trough 2|, tapering up as it nears 30 paid out is known;
the‘mid point of 'the‘offset. An elongated rec
Overlying the front/half 55 of the linespools
level of ‘the ‘seat 20 vcontinues'therealong as a cen
tangula'ropenin'g '22'goesiin to the passageway 19
from the near side of the grip and just to itslrear
553 is the crank plate 58 of substantia-llythe samel '
diameter as theouter side of ‘the line spool flange‘
a threaded‘bore 23 also communicates with the
It connects securely to ‘the crank hubl'l? by’
same passageway. This passageway‘ i9 and‘the
acircular line ofspaced-nuts and-‘bolts 59. Two
trough‘Zl; opening 22jand" bore 23-leading out
diametrically opposite radial extensions 63 on this
therefrom are‘for the accommodation of 1 the reel
plate-support rotatable triangular crank knobs‘.
brake applying and ‘releasing mechanism to which
iii; one of the extensions‘ terminates in a'pointer
further reference will be'made'later.
62 for readingsagainst-a graduated weighing scale
In‘ the‘seat‘20‘provided by the offset portion 40 BS‘marked on the vperipheria‘l edge of the line spool
ll of the handle part between the rear arcuate
front 'plate' 55:
side 24"of vthe‘ front grip 9‘and’theforward end
Additional to the‘ attachment of the cranking
25 of the rear grip iii, a large composite'reel 26
hub'iill'v to the line“ spool 59 by the coil ribbon
is‘set and secured in place *by a'nonrotatable‘axle
spring 54~*whereby'the huh can have free rotat
bolt‘Z'l extending in from its'front ‘and through , 1 able-movement with‘respect'to the spool by a-line"
a‘squared‘openin'g 28'in'theoffset H on the back"
of which'it is ‘engaged by a'nut 29,‘
The reel‘ has ‘a ' central cranking‘ hub “or'"drum
30 liournalled ‘on the'axle’ bolt‘ 21. It has a‘ con-'
centric annular recess 3i on its rear'th'at is faced 50
with a friction lining 32 for engagement by a non
rotatable laterallyemovable, circular'brake disk 33‘
pull operating on“ the latter" equalizing‘ a “grow '
ing tension being built up in the winding of'the
spring; the-hub-and ‘spool canbe’ connected also
in two other-ways; i;e., (a) the‘ spool'may-"b'e"
on ratchet’ locktwithrespect to-thahub ‘or’ (b)
they can-be‘lo'cke'd fast together'against any rela
tive‘ rotative movement: To this end; I- provide;
correspondingly provided‘ with "a friction‘ surface
‘in the annular pocket 41 of ~the'cr‘ar'lking'hub‘
34, This friction surfacedbrake 'disk"33 'is ‘held
30;»on~ a-*segmentahsupporting block“ ?ll‘ia leaf
against rotation by a pair of pins 35 rising “from 55 spring
BSeXt-ending diametrically across the-front
the recessed frame H on diametrically‘oppo'site
sides‘of the‘ axle-21? and within the open centre
35'of the *brake disk is a graphite bearing washer‘
of > the hub,» surrounding?the axlei bolt,» and pass-4
ing-over-the opposite edge of the hub-beyond the;
shoulder forming: seat-G9;- where’an accommo-j
377.; Normally bearing against the- back of the
brake-=d'isk“33> is a yoked lever 38,- held in the
trough 2| in the reel *seat‘ZU ‘by aiscrew 39,'per
forated near-its yoked end to pass the pin 35 and
opened su?icientat’its yoked end to lie-around
inner rim of the front line vspool half 55 that-is
there provided with a circumferential row of de
' the bearing Washer 31; ' The‘brake lever 38 teeters‘
end of said leaf spring '65 is designed to ride as a
at~the4screW 391m the arcuate: bottom of‘the
grooveli ! its'forward end‘ extending into the pas
sage ‘’ £9; overlying" a ‘ tip-up arm 40 "centered
dating 1 channel 65 "is ' formed and = overlying the
pressions or semicircular-seatsj?l into which ‘a
corresponding semicircular detent 68 on this free
ratchet.’ Finally; a‘sl'ot'“iiil‘is'cutacross the 'face'
of the 'hub‘ ?ange‘above'thésprmgqsupporting'
block‘ '54 'and‘a' cooperating “notch' '10 *is‘ cut into
the ‘inner circumferential‘ ‘periphery ‘of thev "front"
against displacementlby‘a pin 4% whileacom
pressed coil spring 42 in the‘lowenendiof the
bore 23-operates-against it with varying pressure
depending on‘ the- set‘ 'of :the' con?ning-screw» 43'
threadéd insaid 'bOr'e:v Tl'l'e brake-disk‘ 334711118v
a locking’ button‘v 7'“ is ‘carried by "th'e‘l'cranking‘
_ thelreelldrumr 39 is released‘byldepressinga ?nger
engaging'button‘M :that projects from ~the~opening~
gated slot 12in registry with-ther‘slot‘j69'.’ The
outer, arced, thumb-engageablesurface-‘l2 is
normally heldin tight ifrictionalengagement-with
half 55 "of the linespool ‘at a'po-intnormally lying;
about 60° in ‘a 'clock-wiseuirection' from‘ the "slot
69 in‘the‘hub: For'bridging this not‘ch'an'd' slot“
face plate 58; sliding in ‘a ‘radiallydisposedelonf ‘
knurled and enlarged to spread beyond the slot
while below the plate, a wing-like keeper ‘l3 se
‘cures the button against displacement and there
below is the bolt part proper ‘ill that is moveable
‘by the sliding of the button in the slot '52 into
three distinct positions viz., (1) it may be in
ordinary, mid position marked “0” as seen in
‘Figure 13 with its tail in the slot 69 but not other
The locking of the cranking drum 30 and reel
58 together, by moving the button ll out to posi
tion marked “L,” is a matter of choice but, for
initially winding a line, reeling in a snagged
branch or log or ?nally landing a long-played
“big one” as well as for holding the line taut when
not in use its use will appeal to many.
From the foregoing description taken in con
nection with the accompanying drawings, it will
wise operatively engaged, (2) it may be slipped
be manifest that a ?shing rod and reel is provided
forward into ratchet position, marked “R,” where 10 that will ful?l all the necessary requirements of
its head engages the upper side of the leaf spring
65 thereby depressing the detent 63 into riding
the pocketed rim of the line spool, or (3) it may
be retracted into locking position, marked “L,”
where its tail seats in the notch ‘iii in the line
to accomplish which latter it is neces
sary to turn the cranking hub with respect to
the line spool, holding the same against the ac
tion of the coil ribbon 5G, for some 60“,
To prevent any slack in a reeled-in line from
such a device, but as many changes could be made
in the above description and many apparently
widely different embodiments of the invention
may be constructed within the scope of the ap
pended claims, Without departing from the spirit
or scope thereof, it is intended that all matters
contained in the said accompanying speci?cation
and drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative
and not in a limitative or restrictive sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I
jumping the walls of the line spool 5t and be
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat
coming snarled and snagged, arcuate leaf spring
ent is:
keepers l5 and i9 are applied laterally on the
1. For a ?shing rod and reel, a reel-carrying
confronting ends 26 and 25 of the front and rear
handle part consisting of front and rear hand
hand grips 9 and I0 that face the reel well. These
grips and an intermediate offset reel nest, a reel
spring keepers that exceed the width of the line
rotatable in said offset nest, arcuate leaf springs
spool are each attached approximately mid-way
on the confronting ends of said hand grips en
. of their ends by two screws 11, their outer free
gaging the periphery of said reel and a relatively
ends 18 being bowed to have light frictional en
Wide channel passage through the underside of
gagement with the circumferential edge of the
the front hand grip, leading to said reel; the
spool. The depending end ‘I9 of the forward
lower end of the leaf spring on the front hand
keeper 15 is bent sharper and cut shorter to avoid
grip being shorter and with a sharper bend.
interference with the line feeding through the
2. The combination with the construction set
slot or channel passage l8.
in claim 1 of a brake underlying and later
In use, the line is fed out without regard to
ally engaging said reel, and brake release mech
the position of the control button, at least for
anism located in the side of said front hand grip
a while. or it may be on warning ratchet posi
above said relatively Wide channel passage.
tion marked “R,” from the ?rst, with the operator
3. A ?shing reel for mounting on the handle
holding the rod with both hands engaging the
part of a rod comprising, in combination with a
front and rear grips E3 and ID in left and right 40 'rod,
a rod supported spindle, a hub rotatable on
hands respectively and holding the brake release
a brake normally engaging said hub,
button 44 down with the ?ngers of the left hand.
brake release mechanism in the handle part of
When the desired length of line has been paid
said rod, a line spool rotatable on said hub, a coil
out by noting the remaining length of line seen
ribbon spring nested concentrically between said
through the slot 56 against the scale 51 and de
hub and spool and connected by opposite ends
ducting this from the original reading, the brake
button 44 is released and the crank hub 30 con
sequently brake-held, in which condition a line
catching. on bottom will not break but cause the
thereto thus allowing a limited relative rotation
of said hub and spool and a hub carried bolt mov
able into two positions in one of which it engages
said spool to lock said hub and spool against rel
spool to unwind with respect to the crank hub 50
ative rotative movement.
against the action of the spring, emitting the
4. In a device as set forth in claim 3, ratchet
warning ratchet sound though eventually the
mechanism between said hub andspool, said hub
brake will slip against its friction grip if the bait
carried bolt being movable into a third position
remains caught fast. Experience will soon teach
with said ratchet.
the user to distinguish whether the bait be fouled 55 in 5.engagement
A ?shing reel for mounting on the handle
or is just scraping bottom. If bottom had been
part of a rod comprising, in combination with a
scraped and the line partly reeled in to lessen
rod supported spindle, a hub rotatable on said
its depth or comes free itself on clearing a shoal,
spindle, a brake normally engaging said hub,
any weeds, branches or other foreign matter
brake release mechanism in the handle part of
holding on thevhooks will show by the increase
said rod, a line spool rotatable on said hub, a coil
over normal of the pounds pull on the line which
ribbon spring nested concentrically between said
is determined by noting the position of the pointer
hub and spool and connected by opposite ends
62 against the graduated scale 63.
thereto thus allowing a limited relative rotation
When a ?sh is caught, with the reel on ordi
of said hub and spool, a normally inoperative
nary or ratchet but preferably the former; with 65 ratchet mechanism between said hub and spool,
the brake still engaging and one of the cranking
a cranking plate attached to said hub and par
knobs 6| ?rmly grasped in the left hand, the
tially overlying said spool, a radially elongated
brake is released and the crank rotated clock
slot in said plate and a button slidable therein
wise. From its ?rst strike, carrying the bait
and carrying a bolt on its underside for selectively
out just a little, the ?sh has held the line taut
engaging said ratchet mechanism and movable
against the spring 54; now as the user reels, the
also to engage said spool to lock said hub and
line is kept under constant tension greatly in
spool against relative rotative movement.
creasing the chance of landing the catch and as
it comes in, its weight and ?ght can be measured
by the position of the pointer 62 against its scale. 75
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