Патент USA US2410331код для вставки
06L 29, 1946- , ‘ o. J. AUBERTIN' 2,410-331 FISHING ROD AND REEL, .F'iled Jan. 27, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet l '___5V11l3 ‘Inventor ’ QVILA J . AUBERTIN» Attorney. Get. 29, 1946. 2,410,331 o. J.,AUBERT\]N FISHING ROD AND REEL 3 Sheété-Sheét 2 Filed Jam. 27, 1945 Ami!‘ n: ( 3,9 2/] 35 28 35 78. Invent or OVILA I‘ AUBERTIN BY QWWMW " Attorney. Oct. 29, 1946. ‘ Q_ J_ AUBERTlN FISHING ROD AND REE‘L Filed Jan. 27, .1945 2,410,331~ ' 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 } Inventor OVILA J. AUBERTIN _ Attorney. 2,410,331 Patented Oct. 29, 1946 UNETED STATES PATENT. OFFICE ' ' 2,410,331 ~ ; _ 7 FISHING ROD AND-REEL Ovila J. Aubertin, Matachewan, Ontario, Canada Application January 27, 1945, Serial No. 574,874 5 Claims. , 1 1 This invention relates to improvements in a ?shing rod and reel and appertains particularly (01. 43-20) 2 Figure 1 is an elevation ofa preferred em-> bodiment of my assembled rod and reel; Figure 2 is an elevation of the combined handle to one intended especially for deep water trolling part’ and reel; and capable of handling up to as much as ?ve Figure 3 is a similar side elevation of the han hundred or a thousand feet of metallic line. dle part alone, some portions being shown in Among the objects of the invention are to pro vertical section; , vide an improved rod and reel that will indicate Figure 4' is another side elevation, being the to the user the amount of line that has been paid reverse of Figure 2; out by the inclusion of a measuring gauge; has Figure 5 is a horizontal section; a coil spring interposed between and connecting 10 Figures 6, '7 and 8 are transverse sections as the crank shaft and line spool to maintain ten taken on lines 6-6, 'l-l vand 8—8 respectively of sionv on the line; indicates the approximate Figure 5; 1 ' ' pounds pull on the line by a crank-carried pointer (Figures 2 to 8linclusive being just twice‘ the measuring against a graduated scale on the pe ~ . riphery of the line spool, being the rotative move 15 scale of Figure 1.) Figure 9 is an enlarged, horizontal sectional ment of the said spool relative to the crank elevation of the reel and contiguous .parts of the against the action of the interposed connecting handle; ' spring; allows the crank and spool to be freely Figure 10 is an end'elevation of the sliding connected through the coil spring only, or on _ warning ratchet, or locked together against any 20 looking button; Figure 11 is an elevation of the spring nest in relative movement; has stream-lined, reel-in the spool with the crank face plate removed; corporated handle part facilitating handling and Figure 12 is a perspective of but a segment of operating with the innerand outer handle grips on-rear and forward sides of the reel respec tively and a padded, body-engaging part on the end of the rear grip; has the reel recessed in the handle part where it may be normally held against rotation by a slip brake whose release mechanism is located'in the forward handle grip, facilitates level winding on the spool by carrying the line through a ?attened, tubular-like passage in the underside of the forward hand grip and the near wall of the line spool; and _ Figure 13 is an elevation of the crank face plate. . v v 7 (Figures 9 to '13 inclusive being twice the scale of 2 to 8.) , ' The preferred design of rod I for use with this present out?t is made of ?at steel, tapering in both width and thickness’ toward_the tip 2 where‘it is terminally curved slightly in the di rection of the line pull, and is formed in two de tachable sections 3 and 4 that lit tightly into site leaf spring guards; and wherein the rod is 35 sockets 5 and 6 on the outer end of the inner section and on the forward end of the combined preferably composed of separable half sections, handle part and reel support respectively. For and formed of tapered ?at steel and provided passing the line, are a pair of channel or sheath with sheaf-carried pulleys for passing the line. like brackets ‘I, one at the tip 2 and the other prevents possibility of slack line jumping the reel by the engagement of diametrically oppo A still further Qbject of the invention is the just below the socket 5, each carrying a small, provision of a device of the nature and for the 40 pulley wheel 8. purpose described that is characterized by ex The combined and possibly integrally formed cellence of design, structural strength and sim handle part and reel support, the various features of which are shown clearly in Figures 2 to 9, inclu ease of packing and that being capable of manu sive, consists generally in a forward hand grip 9, facture at a reasonable cost is thereby rendered 45 in the front end of which the rod receiving socket plicity; efficiency of operation, durability and commercially desirable. B is formed, a rear hand grip H3 in substantial To the accomplishment of these and related alignment therewith and a laterally offset inter-‘ objects as shall become apparent as the descrip mediate section I I in which the reel seats to oper-\. tion proceeds, the invention resides in the con 50 ate in a commonplane with the handle grips: and rod. The balance thus achieved by this out?t. struction, combination and arrangement of parts is important, especially since the combined weight. as shall be hereinafter more fully described, of rod and reel and 600 feet or more of copper illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and line is considerable, pointed out in the claims hereunto appended. The rear hand grip I0 may consist entirely of a‘. 7 The invention will be best understood and part of the combined handle part and reel supcan be more clearly described when reference is port casting but for greater comfort to lighten, had to the drawings forming a part of this dis the same and provide a better grip, I turn the closure wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the severalviews. _ v-In the drawings end of the castingwith its upper side l2, as seenl _ ' ' 60 in Figures 3,5, 7 andv9, in line with the v-V axis oi‘. £410,331 the forward hand grip 9 and ?t it into a round wooden shaft l3, coaxial with the forward hand grip 9 and rod l, and recessed to receive a sub stantial part ofthe frame oifset l4, andcover the‘ butt-endl’witli a‘spong'e rubber pad! I53 The front hand grip 9, with the rod-receiving socket 6 extending in from its forward centre, is stream-lined in that it extends back from a 4 22 in the forward handle grip 9 that is forced outwardly by the tip-up arm 40 bearing against its inner side. Limited movement is allowed this brake release button M by a transverse screw 45 extending- through an elongated slot ll?‘therein. Returning to the composite reel 26, the rotat ' able, normally brake-held cranking drum 3!! has ' a concentric annular pocket 41 on its forward rather small rounded nose to ?are considerably ' side‘while its outer rim 68 has a circumferential on both upper and lower sides IB‘and IT to 10 shoulder-forming seat 49 on either side. These blend into the line described ‘by the circumfer'i ence of the reel though rem'ain'ingio'f'substan tially constant thickness throughout, as will be seats‘ receive and'p'r'operly space the complemen by virtue of the improved wrist’ control. Under the-socket 6; beginning alittlebehind the nose 53; concentric'with' the annular hub rim‘ 48"yet spaced outwardly’ therefrom; whose outer side tary halves of the line spool 50 that are secured together by the transverse bolts and nuts 5|. noted in Figure 5. This increase in depth over" The line spool remains free however to turn with thickness, especially as regards the ?are on the 15 respect to the cranking drum 3E]. The rear line upper side; imparts ‘a greater stability tothe rod spool half’ 5-2- iricludes a substantial lateral ?ange and continuing through to the rear of-this front grip; is a wide slot ‘or channel‘passage 18 through which the enclosed line'passes to the reel, its width spool and 'whoseinner side, confronting the hub allowing the pointer ?nger of the user’s left'hand to'reciprocate an incoming line to guide it as-a whose inn'erfandouter ends connect respectively level winder onto the reel. - _ serves as~the bottcni=~of the-trough of the‘ line rimvtilfforms a nestior a coil ribbon spring 54 to' the‘ hub 3&3‘and‘theline‘ spool ‘ 59. Inthe front half 55 of the-line spool a ‘number of~radially Through the centre of the grip 9, from the rear 25 elongated slots 56 occur that extend outwards of'the'socket '6; a'passageway l?‘reaches to the reel seat 23 formed by the oifset' ll between the hand grips 9 and It and being slightly below the almost to the circumference fro'nrthe ?ange 53, these enable the ‘user to View the amount of line remaining on the spoolii? and having'm'easuring graduations 5] along the edge, the length-of line tral shallow trough 2|, tapering up as it nears 30 paid out is known; the‘mid point of 'the‘offset. An elongated rec Overlying the front/half 55 of the linespools level of ‘the ‘seat 20 vcontinues'therealong as a cen tangula'ropenin'g '22'goesiin to the passageway 19 from the near side of the grip and just to itslrear 553 is the crank plate 58 of substantia-llythe samel ' diameter as theouter side of ‘the line spool flange‘ a threaded‘bore 23 also communicates with the 53.’ It connects securely to ‘the crank hubl'l? by’ same passageway. This passageway‘ i9 and‘the acircular line ofspaced-nuts and-‘bolts 59. Two trough‘Zl; opening 22jand" bore 23-leading out diametrically opposite radial extensions 63 on this therefrom are‘for the accommodation of 1 the reel plate-support rotatable triangular crank knobs‘. brake applying and ‘releasing mechanism to which iii; one of the extensions‘ terminates in a'pointer further reference will be'made'later. 62 for readingsagainst-a graduated weighing scale In‘ the‘seat‘20‘provided by the offset portion 40 BS‘marked on the vperipheria‘l edge of the line spool ll of the handle part between the rear arcuate front 'plate' 55: side 24"of vthe‘ front grip 9‘and’theforward end Additional to the‘ attachment of the cranking 25 of the rear grip iii, a large composite'reel 26 hub'iill'v to the line“ spool 59 by the coil ribbon is‘set and secured in place *by a'nonrotatable‘axle spring 54~*whereby'the huh can have free rotat bolt‘Z'l extending in from its'front ‘and through , 1 able-movement with‘respect'to the spool by a-line" a‘squared‘openin'g 28'in'theoffset H on the back" of which'it is ‘engaged by a'nut 29,‘ The reel‘ has ‘a ' central cranking‘ hub “or'"drum 30 liournalled ‘on the'axle’ bolt‘ 21. It has a‘ con-' centric annular recess 3i on its rear'th'at is faced 50 with a friction lining 32 for engagement by a non rotatable laterallyemovable, circular'brake disk 33‘ pull operating on“ the latter" equalizing‘ a “grow ' ing tension being built up in the winding of'the spring; the-hub-and ‘spool canbe’ connected also in two other-ways; i;e., (a) the‘ spool'may-"b'e" on ratchet’ locktwithrespect to-thahub ‘or’ (b) they can-be‘lo'cke'd fast together'against any rela tive‘ rotative movement: To this end; I- provide; correspondingly provided‘ with "a friction‘ surface ‘in the annular pocket 41 of ~the'cr‘ar'lking'hub‘ 34, This friction surfacedbrake 'disk"33 'is ‘held 30;»on~ a-*segmentahsupporting block“ ?ll‘ia leaf against rotation by a pair of pins 35 rising “from 55 spring BSeXt-ending diametrically across the-front the recessed frame H on diametrically‘oppo'site sides‘of the‘ axle-21? and within the open centre 35'of the *brake disk is a graphite bearing washer‘ of > the hub,» surrounding?the axlei bolt,» and pass-4 ing-over-the opposite edge of the hub-beyond the; shoulder forming: seat-G9;- where’an accommo-j 377.; Normally bearing against the- back of the brake-=d'isk“33> is a yoked lever 38,- held in the trough 2| in the reel *seat‘ZU ‘by aiscrew 39,'per forated near-its yoked end to pass the pin 35 and opened su?icientat’its yoked end to lie-around inner rim of the front line vspool half 55 that-is there provided with a circumferential row of de ' the bearing Washer 31; ' The‘brake lever 38 teeters‘ end of said leaf spring '65 is designed to ride as a at~the4screW 391m the arcuate: bottom of‘the grooveli ! its'forward end‘ extending into the pas sage ‘’ £9; overlying" a ‘ tip-up arm 40 "centered dating 1 channel 65 "is ' formed and = overlying the pressions or semicircular-seatsj?l into which ‘a corresponding semicircular detent 68 on this free ratchet.’ Finally; a‘sl'ot'“iiil‘is'cutacross the 'face' of the 'hub‘ ?ange‘above'thésprmgqsupporting' block‘ '54 'and‘a' cooperating “notch' '10 *is‘ cut into the ‘inner circumferential‘ ‘periphery ‘of thev "front" against displacementlby‘a pin 4% whileacom pressed coil spring 42 in the‘lowenendiof the bore 23-operates-against it with varying pressure depending on‘ the- set‘ 'of :the' con?ning-screw» 43' threadéd insaid 'bOr'e:v Tl'l'e brake-disk‘ 334711118v a locking’ button‘v 7'“ is ‘carried by "th'e‘l'cranking‘ _ thelreelldrumr 39 is released‘byldepressinga ?nger engaging'button‘M :that projects from ~the~opening~ gated slot 12in registry with-ther‘slot‘j69'.’ The outer, arced, thumb-engageablesurface-‘l2 is normally heldin tight ifrictionalengagement-with half 55 "of the linespool ‘at a'po-intnormally lying; about 60° in ‘a 'clock-wiseuirection' from‘ the "slot 69 in‘the‘hub: For'bridging this not‘ch'an'd' slot“ face plate 58; sliding in ‘a ‘radiallydisposedelonf ‘ 2,410,331 knurled and enlarged to spread beyond the slot while below the plate, a wing-like keeper ‘l3 se ‘cures the button against displacement and there below is the bolt part proper ‘ill that is moveable ‘by the sliding of the button in the slot '52 into three distinct positions viz., (1) it may be in ordinary, mid position marked “0” as seen in ‘Figure 13 with its tail in the slot 69 but not other 6 The locking of the cranking drum 30 and reel 58 together, by moving the button ll out to posi tion marked “L,” is a matter of choice but, for initially winding a line, reeling in a snagged branch or log or ?nally landing a long-played “big one” as well as for holding the line taut when not in use its use will appeal to many. From the foregoing description taken in con nection with the accompanying drawings, it will wise operatively engaged, (2) it may be slipped be manifest that a ?shing rod and reel is provided forward into ratchet position, marked “R,” where 10 that will ful?l all the necessary requirements of its head engages the upper side of the leaf spring 65 thereby depressing the detent 63 into riding the pocketed rim of the line spool, or (3) it may be retracted into locking position, marked “L,” where its tail seats in the notch ‘iii in the line spool to accomplish which latter it is neces sary to turn the cranking hub with respect to the line spool, holding the same against the ac tion of the coil ribbon 5G, for some 60“, To prevent any slack in a reeled-in line from such a device, but as many changes could be made in the above description and many apparently widely different embodiments of the invention may be constructed within the scope of the ap pended claims, Without departing from the spirit or scope thereof, it is intended that all matters contained in the said accompanying speci?cation and drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limitative or restrictive sense. Having thus described my invention, what I jumping the walls of the line spool 5t and be claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat coming snarled and snagged, arcuate leaf spring ent is: keepers l5 and i9 are applied laterally on the 1. For a ?shing rod and reel, a reel-carrying confronting ends 26 and 25 of the front and rear handle part consisting of front and rear hand 25 hand grips 9 and I0 that face the reel well. These grips and an intermediate offset reel nest, a reel spring keepers that exceed the width of the line rotatable in said offset nest, arcuate leaf springs spool are each attached approximately mid-way on the confronting ends of said hand grips en . of their ends by two screws 11, their outer free gaging the periphery of said reel and a relatively ends 18 being bowed to have light frictional en Wide channel passage through the underside of gagement with the circumferential edge of the the front hand grip, leading to said reel; the spool. The depending end ‘I9 of the forward lower end of the leaf spring on the front hand keeper 15 is bent sharper and cut shorter to avoid grip being shorter and with a sharper bend. interference with the line feeding through the 2. The combination with the construction set slot or channel passage l8. forth in claim 1 of a brake underlying and later 35 In use, the line is fed out without regard to ally engaging said reel, and brake release mech the position of the control button, at least for anism located in the side of said front hand grip a while. or it may be on warning ratchet posi and above said relatively Wide channel passage. tion marked “R,” from the ?rst, with the operator 3. A ?shing reel for mounting on the handle holding the rod with both hands engaging the part of a rod comprising, in combination with a front and rear grips E3 and ID in left and right 40 'rod, a rod supported spindle, a hub rotatable on hands respectively and holding the brake release said spindle, a brake normally engaging said hub, button 44 down with the ?ngers of the left hand. brake release mechanism in the handle part of When the desired length of line has been paid said rod, a line spool rotatable on said hub, a coil out by noting the remaining length of line seen ribbon spring nested concentrically between said through the slot 56 against the scale 51 and de hub and spool and connected by opposite ends ducting this from the original reading, the brake button 44 is released and the crank hub 30 con sequently brake-held, in which condition a line catching. on bottom will not break but cause the thereto thus allowing a limited relative rotation of said hub and spool and a hub carried bolt mov able into two positions in one of which it engages said spool to lock said hub and spool against rel spool to unwind with respect to the crank hub 50 ative rotative movement. ‘ against the action of the spring, emitting the 4. In a device as set forth in claim 3, ratchet warning ratchet sound though eventually the mechanism between said hub andspool, said hub brake will slip against its friction grip if the bait carried bolt being movable into a third position remains caught fast. Experience will soon teach with said ratchet. the user to distinguish whether the bait be fouled 55 in 5.engagement A ?shing reel for mounting on the handle or is just scraping bottom. If bottom had been part of a rod comprising, in combination with a scraped and the line partly reeled in to lessen rod supported spindle, a hub rotatable on said its depth or comes free itself on clearing a shoal, spindle, a brake normally engaging said hub, any weeds, branches or other foreign matter brake release mechanism in the handle part of holding on thevhooks will show by the increase said rod, a line spool rotatable on said hub, a coil over normal of the pounds pull on the line which ribbon spring nested concentrically between said is determined by noting the position of the pointer hub and spool and connected by opposite ends 62 against the graduated scale 63. thereto thus allowing a limited relative rotation When a ?sh is caught, with the reel on ordi of said hub and spool, a normally inoperative nary or ratchet but preferably the former; with 65 ratchet mechanism between said hub and spool, the brake still engaging and one of the cranking a cranking plate attached to said hub and par knobs 6| ?rmly grasped in the left hand, the tially overlying said spool, a radially elongated brake is released and the crank rotated clock slot in said plate and a button slidable therein wise. From its ?rst strike, carrying the bait and carrying a bolt on its underside for selectively 70 out just a little, the ?sh has held the line taut engaging said ratchet mechanism and movable against the spring 54; now as the user reels, the also to engage said spool to lock said hub and line is kept under constant tension greatly in spool against relative rotative movement. creasing the chance of landing the catch and as it comes in, its weight and ?ght can be measured by the position of the pointer 62 against its scale. 75 OVILA J. AUBERTIN.