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Патент USA US2410354

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0ct.29, 1946.
J. B. MEYER
2,410,354
FLUID PRESSURE PUMP
Filed Feb. 17, 1945
L
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
_ _“:_
Joseph B.Meye?
INVENTOR
BY
ATTORNEYS
Get. 29, 1946.
J, B, MEYER
2,410,354
FLUID .PRESSURE PUMP
' Filed, Feb. 17, 1945
22
25
i
16 .
22L
V
F1615.
BY
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Get. 29,_ 1946
2,410,354
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE-I1.
Joseph B. Meyer, Kenosha, Wis.
Application February 17, 1945, Serial No. 578.442 7'
1 Claim.
1
This invention relates to water lift pumps of
the non-piston type primarily for use as a source
of supply in domestic water systems.
Pumps of the character mentioned commonly
include a pair of gravity-fed water-receiving
chambers adapted to be submerged beneath the
water level in a Well and from which the water
is elevated by application of ?uid pressure to
the chambers alternately.
(Cl. 103—246)
2
I5 and It includes a suitable check valve II‘ for
preventing discharge therethrough.
'
I
' 7
Two discharge pipes I3 and I9 communicate
with the bottoms of the chambers I3 and I4, re
spectively. In this instance both pipes I3 and I9
extend upwardly through the upper end head 23
of the‘ cylinder I0 and communicate with a sin
gle discharge pipe 2I controlled by a conventional
faucet 22. An outwardly opening check valve 23
As heretofore designed, such pumps are neces 10 in each pipe I8 and I9 determines the direction
sarily of a size to render them incapable of use
of ?ow therethrough.
in narrow wells of a few inches or less in diam
Provision is made for supplying air or other
eter. The valve means commonly employed for
elastic fluid under pressure to the upper ends of
controlling the application of ?uid pressure to the
the chambers l3 and I4 alternately in a manner
chambers is usually operated or controlled by 15 to force water from each while the other is fill
?oat-actuated connections extending from within
the chambers and necessitating the use of a ?oat
in each chamber of a size to insure reliable op
eration. Each ?oat must be capable of produc
ing a buoyant force of su?icient magnitude not
only to operate the valve means but also to sus
tain the weight of the operating connections and
to overcome the frictional resistance of the pack
ing glands through which the connections extend.
in most instances it is the size of the floats re
quired for reliable operation that imposes a limit .
ing.
In the pump shown this is accomplished
by the use of a valve 24 arranged to receive pres
sure ?uid from a suitable pressure tank 25
through a pipe 26 and operable to direct the ?uid
to the chambers I3 and I4, alternately, ‘through
pipes 2'5 and 28, respectively, which communi
cate therewith through the vend head 26. ‘Al
though various forms ‘of valves may be used, that
shown at 24 is a rotary four-way valve of a well
-.i ‘known type equipped with the usual discharge
port not shown.‘
'
beyond which the pump size cannot be reduced.
In this instance the valve 24 is actuated and
One object of the present invention is to pro
controlled by two ?uid actuated pistons 29 and
vide a pump of the character mentioned capable
38 operatively engaged with the opposite ends of
of reliable use in wells narrower than was here 30 a rocker arm 3| carried by the valve 24 for ac
tofore possible.
tuating the latter. The pistons 29 and 39 are
Other more speci?c objects and advantages will
closely ?tted for vertical reciprocation in cylin
appear, expressed or implied, from the following
ders 32 and 33, respectively, each of which is
description of an illustrative embodiment of the
supported by and communicates with'a pipe 34 or
present invention.
35 35 that extends vertically through one of the,
In the accompanying drawings—
chambers l3 or 14 to a point adjacent the bot
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a ?uid
tom thereof. The pipes 34 and 35 function to
pressure pump constructed in accordance with
transmit pressure from the chambers I3 and I4,
the present invention, this section being taken
respectively, to the cylinders 32 and 33 to there
substantially along the line I~—I of Fig. 3.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
40 by actuate the pistons 29 and 30, alternately, and
thereby oscillate the valve 24 from one position ,
stantially along the line 2-2 of Fig. 3.
to the other.
Fig. 3 is a top plan view on a larger scale.
Admission of ?uid pressure to the pipes 34 and I
Fig. 4 is a horizonta1 sectional view taken sub
35 is rendered responsive to the water level in the
stantially along the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
45 chambers I3 and I4. For this purpose each pipe
Fig. 5 is a. view similar to Fig. 1 with the parts
is controlled by a ?oat controlled valve 36 or 31
rearranged to facilitate explanation.
coacting with the lower end thereof. Each valve
The pump selected for illustration comprises a
36 or 3'! is shown arranged beneath one of the
cylinder I0 adapted to be lowered into a narrow
pipes 34 and 35 and supported by a ?oat 38 or
well II below the water level therein. A central 50 39 through a suitable stirrup 40 or 4! extending
' vertical partition I2 divides the interior of the
loosely through and guided by a disk 42 or. 43 car
cylinder into separate water-receiving chambers
I3 and I4 having separate intakes I5 and I6 at
their lower ends through which the chambers are
ried by one of the pipes.
The arrangement is
such that with either of the chambers I3 or I4
?lled with water the ?oat controlled valve 36 or
supplied by gravity from the Well. Each intake 55 31 in that chamber is retained in elevated posi~
2,410,354
tion to close the lower end of the pipe 34 or 35
in that chamber; but when the water level in that
chamber falls to a predetermined point, the valve
in that chamber opens and exposes its associated
piston 29 or 3D to the pressure in that chamber,
4
pipe 28 to the top of the other chamber [4 and
to open the top of chamber 13 to exhaust through
the pipe 27. When this occurs, water at once
discharges from the then ?lled chamber M
through the pipes 19 and 2| to and through the
faucet 22, and the chamber ‘l3 again ?lls with
whereupon the valve 24 is actuated.
water supplied by gravity from the well. There
From the foregoing it will be noted that the
after, the water continues to discharge through
valve 241s actuated by ?uid pressure derived from
the
pipe I9 until, the faucet 22 is closed or until
the tanl; 25, and that the only function of the
?oats 38_ and 391is to‘ control the relatively small 10 the ?oat controlled valve' 31 is reopened by the
falling water level in the chamber 14, whereupon
and light weight valves 36 and 31. It will also
the valve 24 is shifted by the piston 30 into the
be noted that, as a result of this arrangement,
position ?rst described to again supply ?uid pres
very narrow ?oats will function satisfactorily, and
sure to ‘the chamber 13 and to begin anew the
that the chambers l3 and 14 may also be of
very narrow form.
cycle of operation just described.
Each of the pipes 34 and 35 is preferably car
ried by a plug 44 removably ?xed in the end head
20 of the cylinder Hi, the plugs 44 occupying open
ings of a size to permit withdrawal of the pipes
34 and 35 and the parts carried thereby in order 20
new that discharge whenever the faucet is re
to afford ready access thereto for inspection, re
The two chambers 13 and M thus function
alternately to maintain a substantially continu
ous discharge of water through the faucet 22 un
til the faucet is closed, and to automatically re
opened.
Various changes may be made in the embodi
ment of the invention hereinabove speci?cally de
Fig. 5 illustrates the position ‘of the several
scribed without departing from or sacri?cing the
parts immediately after'the: valve “has been
shifted to direct ?uid pressure from the pressure 25 advantages of the invention as de?ned in the ap
pended claim.
tank 25 ‘through the pipe 21‘ to the top of the
I claim:
water ?lled‘ chamber l3. With the faucet 22
placement, or repair.
‘
‘
closed however there is no discharge of water
In a pump of the character described the com
bination of a narrow elongated container di
from chamber 13 through the pipe I8. With the
valve 24 thus shifted the airror elastic ?uid in 30 vided to form two separate gravity ?lled cham
hers, discharge means for said chambers ex
the top of the other chamber I4 is free to escape
tending upwardly through said container, valve
through the pipe 28 so that water is free'to» flow
means operable to admit ?uid pressure to said
by gravity into the chamber it from the sur
chambers alternatively, a removable closure
rounding well until the chamber M is ?lled. The
?oat controlled valve 31 is shown in open posi 35 member for the top of each chamber, a, ?uid
pressure conductor extending into each of said
tion‘, but it'eventually closes as the water level
chambers and supported by said closure mem
in the chamber “rises.
ber thereof, a float controlled valve carried by
When the faucet 22 is opened, the ?uid pres
the lower end of each of'said conductors, and
sure in the top of the chamber l3 forces water
means actuated through said conductors for ac
therefrom‘ through the pipes I8 and 2| to and
tuating» said ?rst named valve means, each of
through the faucet until the water level in the
said conductors and associated ?oat controlled
chamber [3 lowers» to a point where the ?oat
valve being removable, as a unit, from a cham
controlled valve 36 opens, whereupon the pressure
ber upon removal of its supporting closure mem
.in the‘ chamber i3, transmitted through the
pipe 34, acts upon the piston 24 and thereby 45 ber.
JOSEPH. B. MEYER.
shifts the valve 24 to direct ?uid pressure through
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