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Патент USA US2410410

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NOV. 5, 1946.
_|_ J_ GARUBQ
A1 0,410
STORAGE AND DISPENSING DEVICE
Filed April 2, 19745
39
v.2 Sheets-Sheet 1
85 47
I
44_
rzi
FIGi.
INVENTOR.
JOSE PH J. GAR UBO.
ATTOE/VEV
NOV. 5, 1946.
'
' J_ J. GARUBO
2,41,4m '
STORAGE AND DISPENSING DEVICE
Filed April
la'l
1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
lllll
17
70
704
F {6.5.
' INVENTOR.
JOSEPH J. GARUBO.
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
2,410,410
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE‘.
2,410,410
s'roaaos AND DISPENSING DEVICE ‘
Joseph J. Garubo, Detroit, Mich.
Application April 2, 1943, Serial No. 481,525
-
4 Claims.
(01. 222-185)
1
2
This invention relates to a storage and dis
pensing device particularly for foods in granular
form such as coffee, cereals, desiccated fruits,
vegetables and the like which are apt to dete
riorate, either through evaporation or absorp
tion of >moisture or volatile matter and/or which
may be subject to deterioration due to changes in
temperature, for example, freezing, overheating,
Other objects and features of the invention
will become apparent from the following speci?
cation, wherein reference is made to the draw
ings, in which
Fig. 1 is a sectional side elevational view of
5
the device in one form, certain of the parts being
shown in central vertical section at the left and
lower part of the view;
'
p
I
Fig. 2 is a sectional plan view as indicated by
An object is to provide a simple and effective 10 the line 2-2 on Fig. l and showing particularly
protective container for food products having a
a dispensing valve and operating means there
hopper arrangement and dispensing valve where
for;
by suitable quantities of the stored food products
Fig. 3 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 1 show
.can easily be removed from the storage space of
ing the dispensing valve in dispensing position;
the device under accurate control by the user.
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional View of the cover
Another object is to provide a dispensing con
attaching and releasing means as indicated by .
tainer for granular products, wherein a dispensing
the line 4-—-4 on Fig. 1;
valve, in being operated to opened and closed po
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary View similar to Fig, 1
sition in respect to the container space, effects
showing a modi?ed arrangement of hopper'and
agitation of granular contents of the storage
dispensing valve and also an observation window
space.
'
for the purpose of informing the user when the
Still another object is to provide a novel and
storage container is nearly empty;
eifective insulated wall construction for a food
Fig. 6 is a sectional plan view taken substan—
container and dispenser, wherein low density in-'
tially along the line 6-6 on Fig. 5 and showing
sulation material is used and is prevented from =iv 51. a modi?ed operating means for the dispensing
or the like.
.
~
becoming partially ineffective due to settling and
resulting effective shrinkage or dislocation.
valve;
'
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view as indicated
Still another object is to provide a protective
by the line '|—'! on Fig. 5, and
dispensing container for granular food products
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary detail view of a side
provided with a hollow base for removably sup 30 wall portion of the device taken as indicated by
porting a receiving receptacle and wherein the
the line 8—8 on Fig. 6, showing a suitable means
parts are so arranged that the receptacle can be
for retaining a dispensing valve operating lever
in dispensing position.
viewed easily to determine when it has received
the desired quantity and also to ascertain
While the device is shown as though made
whether or not the receptacle is in proper posi
largely from sheet metal, it is to be understood
tion to receive the dispensed products.
that any other material may be used in its con
Still another object is to provide a viewing win
dow for a dispensing container for foods which
container has heat insulating walls.
Further objects hereof include provision of a
valve means for a dispensing container for granu
struction, examples being plastics
the gen
erally accepted sense or glass.
Fig. 1 shows the storage container I provided
40 with a top opening and a detachable cover 2. The
container l is supported on a hollow base 3 pref
erably .constituted by a shell-like vertical wall
lar foods and the like which means can be oper
ated to hold the valve open as long as necessary
member ll and a bottom member 5 of generally
without requiring special attention by the user
flat form to which the lower edges of the member
but which, upon the application of, for instance, 45 ,4 are secured as by a suitable joint indicated at
a slight releasing force by the user, then returns
the valve to closed position; which valve and op
erating'means, also is very compact, particularly
in a vertical direction, easy to assemble and not
likely to get out of order.
'
‘
A further object is to provide an insulated wall
closure arrangement and sealing means for a dis
pensing container of the type discussed above and
which can easily be applied to and removed from
the mainreceptacle space of the container. ' '
56,
The base plate 5 forms a support on which
a receiving receptacle, such as a measuringglass
C or a cup, can be placed in position directly be
low the discharge portion of the container I. The
base shell is open at the front toward the user,
being cut away approximately as indicated‘ by
the edges 1, Figs. 1 and 2, to enable such recep
tacle or cup C to be easily and accurately placed
in proper receiving position. The proper posi
55 tion on the base member 5 for the receptacle C
2,410,410
.5
4
can be indicated by a central area on the base
member of contrasting appearance or by an an
nular rib as at So on the base member.
The storage container may be formed as by an
automatically returns the valve to fully closed
position‘
inner peripherally continuous wall member II},
a similar outer peripherally continuous wall mem
ber II, a top connecting piece I2 of annular form
and channel-shaped cross section, and a bottom
wall I3: The bottom wall is rigidly connected
walls Ill and ll of the storage container I as
4
Referring further to Fig. 1, the space between
the upper concentric and parallel portions of the
well as the generally circular enlarged space of
triangular cross section around the hopper or
funnel portion I5 are preferably packed with low
density insulation material such as granular
to the outer wall II‘ as at the ?ange I4 0f the 10 cork, spun glass or rock wool. In order to prevent
settling and excessive packing of the insulation
bottom and similarly or suitably connected to
material, such as would render portions of the
v the lower end of a downwardly converging funinsulation body ine?icient, annular sheet metal
nel or hopper-constituting portion I5 of the inner
plates 38'- are forced into mutually parallel po
wall as at a continuous ?ange it of the portion
I5. The converging wall portion l5~of the inner 15 sition between the concentric parallel walls II)
and II‘. The plates 39 are maintained in posi
wall member It] provides a discharge opening
tion by friction with both the inner and outer
I‘! preferably of circular form. The dispensing
walls and con?ne and retain the separate por
valve comprises, as shown, a rectangular plate
tions SI of the insulation material so that one
IS in a guideway formed as by a pair of sheet
portion 3| cannot tend» to pack another portion
metal members I9 or Z-bar section attached to
downwardly. Also the combined weight of the
the bottom wall I3’ and having valve-plate-sup
relatively upper portions 3~I cannot be imposed
porting ?anges I9".
'
upon the portion 32" of the insulation material
The valveplate I8: is maintained by the guide
which lies below'the lowermost plate 319. a >
way in close sliding contact with thebottomwall
A heat insulation construction is also provided
I3 around the opening‘ I‘I so as to effect a-mois 25
for the closure cap 2 which preferablywcomprises
ture seal as well as a retaining support for the
generally cup-shaped sheet metal‘? sections, for
granular'material in the container I L
example, an upper cup-shaped section, 351 and
Cooperating with the discharge opening‘ I‘!
lower cup-shaped section 36, said two sections
of the hopper and carried on the valve plate I8,
is a tubes 23 which, in the valve opening position 30 having telescopingly ?tted. ?anged portions 31
secured rigidly together as by a; press ?t or by
of the valve plate, is vertically aligned with the
solder. The lower section 36 is of reduced di
discharge opening I1.
ameter at 38 so as to ?t‘ inside the wall to in
In order normally to urge the valve plate I8
closing contact with the inner ?angeof the chan
into container-sealing position, the plate is pro
vided at its rear edge‘ with a horizontal pin- 28 35 nel-shaped closure ring I2; outwardly‘ adjacent
the reduced diameter portion. 38 the section 36
and a rear portion of the wall 4" is provided with
has a horizontalv annular wall 39 parallel to. the
a pin 2I in alignment with the pin‘ 28, over
web I2a of the channel-shapedimember IJZ. Said
which is placed a coiled compression spring 22.
webIZa forms a seat for a sealing ring of rubber
The compression spring 22‘ is of such length as to
be self‘ retaining on the pins‘ 2!} and 217 and’ acts 40 or other‘ suitable sealing material’. 4c against
which the wall portion 39 of the cover section 36
against the plate I8 to move the latter forwardly
is causedto be forcedv by av bayonet lock typese
from the valve opening or dispensing position,
curing means‘. for the ‘cover. The whole inside of
Fig. 3, to the valve closing position shown in
the cap is ?lled with insulation material. 41: be
In order tomove the valve plate I8 to dispens- “ fore assembly of the two shells lidand 3t‘.
Preferably the inner and outerfl'angesl Rb’ and
ing position, and temporarily retain it if desired,
120 of ‘the channel-shaped: member I2 are con
there is provided an operating lever 25 sup
nected by a series of pins 132 extending through
ported adjacent the lower side of the wall I3 as
the ?anges and connected’ to the inner ?ange as
on pivot pin 26 depending from said wall I3 in the
position indicated especially in Fig. 2. The inner ' by screw threads 133. The inner ends M‘ of‘ the
pins: are rounded in order to cooperate smoothly
end 21 of the lever is rounded to constitute an
with‘ looking sockets $5, preferably formed as in
operating nose or cam so positioned in respect .
dentations of. the vertical reduced diameter wall
to the pivot 25 that the nose slides against the
38 but without perforating said wall (see Fig. 4)
front edge of the valve plate (upon clockwise
to the end that the insulation material 4"! inside
turning of the lever as shown in‘ Fig. 2) forcing '
the cap and retained‘ between the two' sections: 35
the plate to the right or rearwardly. The lever
and; 35 will. not be subjected to moisture or. vapor
has an operating arm portion 281 extending out
such as may sometimes be desired to be retained
wardly from beneath the container and which, in
in the contents of the container.
the closed position of the valve, preferably lies
As mentioned above, a further feature of the
close to the circular side wall 4 and at one side
invention. is the provision of an agitator operated
of‘ the front opening in the base‘ as will be clear
by the valve plate It when the latter is moved
from Figs. 1 and 2, thus» being normally‘ in pro
to open and closed positions. Such an agitator,
tected position and‘. generally out of the way of
shown at 58, may comprise a loop of fairly stiff
the user in respect to placing the receptacle C
wire, two end portions of the loop being secured
in, position within the hollow base. When the
as by a twist 5i in‘ the wire, a “free” endvor base
operating lever 25 has been swung outwardly into
portion 53 of the wire projecting belowv the loop
the broken line position thereof shown in Fig‘. 2
and being retained as by solder in a drill'ed’hole
then theroundednose 21’ enters a slightdepres
in the valve plate I8 close to the tube IQ of the
sion 29in the forward edge of the plate ITS to
valve plate and adjacent the discharge opening
hold the plate in valve opening. position without
ll‘ when the valve plate is in closed‘ position (Fig.
further special attention on part of the user until
3). Such arrangement of vthe securing base por~
the proper or desired amount of contents has
tion 53 of the wire enables the valve to be sub
been dispensed. Then a slight force applied to
stantialiy completely opened for dispensing‘ pur
theglever arm 28 will release the nose 2T from
poses as shown by Fig. 3, and fully closed;
the d'etent socket 29, whereupon the‘ spring‘ 2'2,
Fig. 1.
' '
r
'
2,410,410
5
6
The various ‘overlapped ?ange and joint por
tions of the construction described above are, of
members I0 and II. The space between the win
dow panels is, of course, kept clear of insulation
course, secured together by suitable means, for
material, suchas mentioned above, as by a suit
instance, solder or by welding. The hollow base,
able» inner endless strip 85 continuously sur
however, could to advantage be secured to the UK rounding the space between thewindow panels
container structure by readily detachable means
and maintained in position by shouldered engage
for enabling the valve mechanism more readily
ment with the frame socket ?anges 82 and 83
to be dismounted when necessary for cleaning
all around the window aperture.
purposes. In such event the container would be
I The window device in the form of the inven
10 tion shown in Fig. 5 is associated with the lower
secured to the base as by screws.
‘portion of the hopper effect constituted by the
In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 5,
downwardly converging wall I I5 at the very front
the dispensing opening of the storage receptacle
of the storage container, so as to show when the
is disposed close to the front wall of the device
container is practically empty. In the case of
as by making the downwardly converging wall
portion’ I I5, which corresponds to the portion I-5
,Of Fig. 1, in gradually increasing eccentric rela
tion to the main upper portion of the inner wall
II]. Thus the most eccentric portion of the wall
I I5 is at the front and provides a discharge open
ing I I‘! to- clOSe the front opening of the base.
The valve plate H8 extends in sliding relation
ship to the discharge end of the eccentric hopper
effect which latter is or may be continued down
wardly by a supplemental discharge tube device
I23. The device I23 instead of being fastened to
the valve plate, as in the case of the tube 23 in
the previously described form, is secured to the
bottom wall N3 of the storage receptacle. As
shown in Fig. 7, the tube I23 may have ?ange
constructions 60 a portion of each side of which
is fastened to the wall I I3. Said ?ange construc
tions 60 may also provide the necessary slideway
shoulders at BI on which the opposite margins
of the valve plate I I8 are guided. Said shoulders
BI and the ?anged constructions 60 would, of
course, be continued for a substantial distance
the form of the invention shown in Fig. 1, the
window could be more readily placed above the
hopper effect; and in that position it would still
indicate approximately when the container re
quires re?lling.
I
It will be‘ observed that the small dead air
space between the window panels 80 and 8| af
fords an adequate degree of insulation against
transmission of heat to or from the interior of
the storage receptacle particularly if the inner
framework strip member 85 is sealed to the in
ner and outer walls of the receptacle all the way
around the window aperture as may easily be
accomplished.
The agitator (cf. '56 Figs. 1 and 3) while not
shown in the arrangement according to Figs. 5 to
8 could be operatively associated with the valve
plate I IS in the same way as with the valve
plate I8 of the earlier described embodiment.
I claim:
‘
1. A dispensing container for foods of granular
form, said container having a top. receiving open,
ing for the food and a relativelyrestricted bot
tom discharge opening, a hollow base for the
container for supporting the bottom thereof
rearwardly along the valve plate for adequate
support of the valve plate. The valve returning
spring and supporting pin arrangement for'the 40
above a receiving receptacle, said hollow base
spring may be the same as in Figs. 1, 2 and 3,
being open at one side, a valve plate movably
the parts being similarly shown and indicated.
disposed in position to open and close the dis
In order to operate the valve plate I I8, a lever
charge opening, spring means within the hollow
‘III is arranged on a suitable ?xed pivot ‘II at
base and operatively bearing against the valve
tached as to the bottom wall II3, said lever hav
plate and tending to force the valve plate in a
ing its inner end provided with a pin and slot
direction to seal the discharge opening, and a
connection ‘I3 with the plate so that movement
lever pivoted to the container and having an arm
of the lever as from the position thereof shown
portion extending out of the hollow base to en
in full lines in Fig. 6 to the position thereof shown
in broken lines will move the valve from closed =.-' able manual operation of the lever, ‘said lever
being swingable in a plane substantially parallel
to opened position. The outer end ‘I4 of the lever
to the principal plane of the valve plate, another
extends through a slot ‘I5 in the base shell I04, ,
portion of the lever being operatively connected
the shape of the slot being shown in Fig. 8. The
with the valve plate for movement of the latter
outer end of the lever constitutes a leaf spring
in a direction to oppose the spring means where
which is normally stressed in a particular direc
by to move the valve plate into position to per
tion, e. g. upwardly, so that with said outer end
mit
the contents of the container to be dis
swung forwardly (left Figs. 6 and 8) said outer
charged.
end of the lever may enter an indentation ‘I6
2. A dispensing container for foods of granular
of the slot and be retained there against the
form,
said container having a discharge opening
opposing force of the spring ‘22 by engagement GI)
at the bottom, a valve plate movable into two
with an inclined detent shoulder portion 1‘! ad
positions, one closing the discharge opening and
jacent the indented portion ‘I6 of the slot. The
the
other permitting discharge of the food there
detent shoulder ‘I'I slopes in such manner that a
from, spring means bearing on the plate and
slight rearward force on the outer end of the
tending to hold the same in valve closing posi
lever by the operator will cause release of the
tion, a lever pivoted at one side of the plate and
lever, whereupon the spring 22 will automatically
operatively connected therewith at one end, a
close the valve.
hollow base for the container adapted to sup
An additional feature which may be'incorpo
port a receiving receptacle beneath the discharge
rated into either form of the dispensing con
opening, said hollow base having a slot therein,
tainer device hereof is an observation window '
a resilient arm of said lever extending through
(shown in Fig. 5 only) comprising inner and outer
the slot and the slot having a shoulder portion
transparent panels 80 and 8|, for instance glass,
sealed into place in registration with each other
as in respective indented oppositely ?anged fram- #
ing sockets 82 and 83 in the inner and outer wall
which the resilient arm of the lever can engage
in order to hold the plate in valve opening posi
tion against the force exerted by the aforesaid
spring means on the plate.
~
2,410,410
“opening ‘and a relatively restricted ~bottom ‘dis
Aidispensin'g“container for :foods of igranu
:iarifomn, isaidcontainer having a-discharge-open
charge ropening, 'a valve plate . positioned in slid
~ing2at "the "bottom, 'a valve plate movable into
two positions, one closing'the discharge opening
"andtthe other permitting discharge of ‘the food
therefrom, :a ‘Conipressionspring bearing‘on the
ing relation ‘to the discharge opening, ‘a hollow
base for the receptacle'in'at least partially hous
ing (relation ‘to the valve plate-said base‘having
a slot in 'aneupright wall thereof elongated in a
(plate and‘ tending to hold the same in valve ‘ clos
plane {parallel to --the-principal planeof'the valve
ing position, a lever jpivoted at one side of the
~plate'and operatively ‘connected ‘therewith at one
plate, and a lever pivoted at vone side of the
plate and-cperati-vely connected thereto atone
'end,‘ a {hollow ‘ base ‘for the vcontainer adapted to 10 end, the lever having a resilient armextending
{support 1a receiving receptacle beneath the ‘dis
fcharge opening, ‘an 'arnrof the lever having a
:sp‘ringfportion extending out of the base at one
‘side ‘thereof, and-ashoulder'on ‘the wall _of the
througha-slot in the wall of the base, said slot
having an inclined portion constituting a .rigid
shoulder operatively engaged ‘by the resilient
arm .to retainthe :lever in a position holding the
lba'seiposit'ion‘ed to ‘engag'e'the springportion of 15 ‘valve ‘open, said. shoulder being released by the
'said ‘arm to hold the :leverzin position to main
Ptain :the ‘valve ‘open in bpposition to ‘the, valve
elosing‘force exerted'by the compression “spring.
4. A dispensing container for foods ‘of granu
lar form, rsaideontainer having ‘a top receiving 20
arm consequent upon a slight transverse vforce
being imparted .to thearmin a direction “gener
ally away from the shoulder.
J OSEE’H J. GARU'BO.
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