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Патент USA US2410485

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32,410,485
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
UNITED STATES _ PATENT OFFICE
-
2,410,485
GARMENT FINISHER
George W. Du Nah, Pasadena, Calif.
_Applica_tion October 17, 1945, Serial No. 622,717
3 Claims. ’ (cl. 323-10)
.
2
,_ “this invention pertains to an improved garment
?nisher by means of which various garments such
as, for example, dresses, coats, jackets and the
like, may be subjected to the action of steam and
hot air for the purpose of removing wrinkles,
adjusting the garment to required size or length,
and otherwise restoring the garment to its original
?nish and condition.
'
All garments become wrinkled, stretched and
otherwise deformed during a dry cleaning opera
tion. Before the garment is returned to the
.
desired areas of the form to be properly in?ated
so as to suitably stretch the garment in radial
directions.
and folded, and that the nap (if any) be in a
normal upstanding condition instead of ?attened
,
Anv object of the invention, therefore, is to dis
close and provide a simple and efficient garment
?nisher.
.
A further object is to disclose and provide a
or overlapped. This ?nishing operation ordinarily
ent invention is directed to a simple, e?icient de
_
vertically adjustable upon the form, permitting
wringles, that the pleats are properly positioned 15
?equires a great deal of time and care. The pres
-
rotatably mounted upon the base housing. Means
are provided for controllably supplying the dress
form with hot air and the pipe support with steam
so that garments positioned upon the form may
be steamed or dried at the operator's will. More
over, the dress form being of limp, porous mate-‘
rial is made adjustable for different sizes of gar
ments or for garments of different lengths by the
use of a movable constricting ring carried by the
10 tubular lower portion of the form. Such ring is
original owner it is necessary to readjust the fabric
and the various portions of the garment so that
the garment is of uniform length, is free from
.
‘
l -
garment ?nisher provided with a vertically sup
20 ported, rotatable dress form which may be selec
vice by means of which the garment may be placed
upon a porous, in?atable dress or jacket form
preferably provided with arms, the garment being
thereby suspended or held by the form in a
tively supplied with steam or hot air.
A still further object is to provide a garment
?nisher of the character stated including pedal
operated means for regulating the amount of air
normal condition, the in?atable form properly 25 supplied to the dress form and for‘ controllably
supplying steam thereinto.
stretching and ?lling out the garment to the con
These and other objects will become apparent
toursv of the wearer, whereupon the operator may
to those skilled in the art fromthe following
pass ba?ied steam through the form and garment
description of an exemplary form. In order to
so as to soften the fabric of the garment, adjust
the garment to desired length-and form by manual 30 facilitate understanding, reference will be had
to the appended drawing, in which:
light manipulation by a brush or small whisk
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the device show
broom, and then dry the garment while it is in
ing the dress form in position thereon."
its adjusted ?nished position upon the permeable
Fig. 2 is a side view of the device, the upper
form by passing hot air through the form and
garment. In this manner, complete renovation 35 portion of the dress form being broken away.
of the garment is readily attained and inasmuch ,
as the form is rotatable in the device of the pres
Fig. 3 is a plan view with the dress form re
moved.
Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken along the
plane IV-IV of Fig. 3.
ent invention, the operator may readily and
quickly ?nish the garment.
Moreover, the device of the present invention 40 As shown in the accompanying drawing, the
device may comprise a bed plate i on which there
permits the garment to be handled upon a hanger
is mounted a cylindrical base housing 2. The
so that at the completion of the ?nishing opera
base I also carries ablower 3 driven by a suitable
tion the garment, together with its hanger, may
motor ll, a screened air intake-being indicated at
‘be hung upon storage racks for subsequent han
45 5. A duct 6 connects the outlet of ‘the blower 3,
dling, disposal, distribution, etc.
with the base housing 2. Positioned within the
Generally stated, the apparatus comprises a
duct are heating coils'i which may be supplied
: base housing provided with an upstanding, cylin
drical, pivot post, said pivot post rotatably receiv
ing a pipe support provided with spaced steam
with steam from a, main steam line 8 and branch‘ "
lines 9. Between the heater 1 and the base hous
outlets. The pipe support carries a complete 60 ing 2 the duct is provided with means for regulat
ing the amount of air supplied to the base hous
dress or jacket form, the bottom of such form
ing. Such means may comprise a horizontally
terminating in a substantially cylindrical por
movable shutter element i0 slidable through a
tion attached to a sealing ring rotatably ?tting
suitable aperture in the side wall of the duct.
over the top of the base housing. The entire
pipe support, dress form and sealing ring are thus 55 Upstanding guides l i or other suitable means may
- 2,410,485
be used for maintaining the duct in vertical posi
the action of air supplied to the bottom of the
tion. Pedal-operated means are provided for
moving the shutter fromv an open position, where
in the passage of air through the duct is vir
dress form by fan 3. conduit 6. and base housing 2.
In this manner the form may be used to com_
pletely fill out either short jackets or longer coats
and to place the greatest distention‘ of the dress
tually unimpeded, to a partially closed position,
in which the cross-sectional area of the duct is
form within a desired portion of the form so as
reduced to between about 25% and 50%. Such
not to unduly distend a garment ‘and still 1111 it
pedal-operated means may comprise a shaft l2
out completely.
_
journaled in suitable hangers l3 carried by the
In order to make, certain that the air being
bed frame I, the front end of the shaft l2 being 10
supplied to the .form is suitably heated, the base
provided with a pedal lever II. The rear end
housing 2 may include a suitable steam coil 46
of the shaft I2 is provided with a crank arm Ii,
surrounding the upstanding pivot post 20, such
one end of the crank arm being carried by the
coil 46 being supplied with steam from the main
shaft l2 whereas the other end is slidably re
8. The lower portion of the coil 46 may be con
ceived in a vertical slot it formed in the shutter 15
nected to line 41 which constitutes a return and
I0. Since the pedal lever I4 is suitably bent so
drain line.to the source of steam. The heater ‘I
as to contact the ?oor when depressed to either
(in the event it is of the ?nned, steam tube type)
position, a, positive two-position movement is im
is
also provided with a return or returns as by
parted to the shutter III by stepping upon the
line 48.
Those skilled in the art will readily see the
Means ‘are provided within the base housing 2
simplicity
of the construction here shown and the
for rotatably supporting a dress form. Such
great savings which result from the use of the
means may include a stationary, upstanding,
device. The operator may readily slip a gar
hollow pivot post 20, the upper end of such pivot ,
ment,
as a coat, onto the dress form, plac
post being attached to the walls of the base hous 25 ing thesuch
in?atable
sleeves 43 within the sleeves
ing 2 by means of a spider 2| attached to a collar
of the garment and buttoning the jacket around
22 ?xed to the upper end of the pivot post 20. An
the form. Throughout this period of time a lim
upstanding pipe support 231 having an open lower
ited
amount of hot air may be blown through
end is rotatably held by the pivot post 20. The
the form by placing the shutter in its partly
upstanding supporting pipe 23 is also provided 30 closed
position by operation of the foot lever l4.
with a spider 24 carrying a circular sealing ring
Steam
may then be admitted into the upstanding
25 rotatable with a slip ?t upon the upper por
pipe support 23 by depressing lever 32.‘ The
tion of the base housing 2. The pipe support
amount of air being passed into the form may
23 may also be provided with a bearing collar 25
also be increased by opening the shutter I 0.
adapted to rotatably support the pipe upon the 35 After
the coat has been suitably brushed and '
collar 22 carried by the spider 2|.
adjusted, the introduction of steam into the up
The pipe support 23 is provided with a plurality
standing pipe 23 is discontinued and a large vol
of longitudinally spaced ports 21 and such ports
ume of hot air passed through the form and
may be covered by a winding or covering of wire
garment so as to completely dry the garment.
mesh 28 for the purpose of more evenly distribut 40 The garment may then be readily removed from
ing steam supplied to the bottom of the pipe sup
the dress form. The top of the dress form may
port.
‘
include means for holding a portable hanger so
Steam is supplied to the pipe support by means
that the hanger may be inserted into the gar
pedal lever.
'
of a conduit 30 connected to a port in the lower
20
ment while it is still on the form and removed
portion of the pipe support 20. The conduit 30 45 without wrinkling or folding the garment.
leads to the main steam supply line 8 and con
The operation of the motor 4 may be controlled
tains a spring-actuated whistle-type valve 3|.
by foot switch 49 carried by the base I so that
The valve 3! is preferably supplied with pedal
the operator need not move from his position
aotuated means comprising a foot lever 32 pivot
in front of the device in order to start, stop, or
ally connected to the base I at 33, a link 34, and
otherwise control the machine. During brush
a pivoted arm 35, the arm being adapted to de
ing, the entire dress form may be rotated manu
press the stem 36 of the valve 3i when the pedal
ally, the sliding collar or ring 25 preventing un
32 is depressed. Suitable latching means 31 may
due
loss of air from the lower part of the form.
be provided for holding the pedal 32 in depressed
All changes and modi?cations coming within
position when desired.
the scope of the appended claims are embraced
The upper end of the pipe support 23 is closed
thereby.
and carries a transversely extending hanger 40
I claim:
upon which the dress or Jacket form 4| is held.
1. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous
This form is made of a porous, limp, preferably
ing provided with a circular upper portion open
heat-resistant textile material and terminates in 60 at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary,
a lower, substantially cylindrical or tubular por
upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a, blower; an air
tion 42, the marginal bottom edge of such por
tion being bound to or connected with the outer
surface of the sealing ring 25 as by means of
suitable rubberbands, tape, string, or the like.
It is to be noted that the dress form may in
clude hollow tubular arms 43 closed at their lower
or outer ends and suitably weighted. Moreover,
the edge portion of the dress form, and partic
, ularly that portion corresponding to the waist and
hips, may carry a movable, encircling, constricting
ring, belt, rope or the like 44, whereby the gen
eral contours of the body portion may be varied
by slidably adjusting and moving the ring 44 up
and down the dress form while it is in?ated by
duct connecting the blower with the base hous
ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the
blower and the base housing; a two-position
shutter in the duct between the heater and base
housing; an upstanding pipe support rotatably
mounted in the hollow, pivot post, said pipe hav
ing a closed upper end and a plurality of longi
tudinally spaced ports, a transversely extending
hanger carried by the upper end of the pipe sup
port and a permeable, limp, dress form carried
by the hanger, said dress form including a cylin
drical lower portion; a rotatable sealing ring car
ried by the circular upper portion of the base
75 housing and connected to the pipe support, the
'
2,410,485
bottom of the dress form being connected to the
sealing ring whereby the sealing ring, pipe sup
port, and dress form may be rotated simultane
ously about a vertical axis; and pedal-operated
means for supplying steam to the pivot post and
pipe support.
3. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous
ing provided with a circular upper portion open
at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary,
upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a, blower; an air
duct connecting the blower with the base hous
ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the
2. A garment ?nisher comprising: a base hous
ing provided with a circular upper portion open
at the top and a centrally positioned, stationary,
blower and the base housing; a shutter in the
duct between the heater and ‘base housing; a
ing; a heater interposed in the duct between the
'blower and the base housing; a shutter in the
duct between the heater and base housing; a
position where the area of the duct is reduced
to between 25% and 50%, said means including
a shaft extending horizontally along ;the base
15 housing to the front thereof, a pedal lever car
two-position, pedal-operated means for operat
upstanding, hollow, pivot post; a. blower; an air 10 ing the shutter to and from a position in which
duct connecting the blower with the ‘base hous
air ?ow through the duct is unimpeded and a
two-position, pedal-operated means for operat
ing the shutter to and from a position in which
ried by the front end of the shaft, a crank arm
air ?ow through the duct is unimpeded and a
carried by the other end of the shaft and a slot
position where the area of the duct is reduced
in the shutter, said slot slidably receiving one
to between 25% and 50%; an upstanding pipe
end of the crank; an upstanding pipe support
support rotatably mounted in the hollow, pivot 20 having a, closed upper end, a plurality of longi
post, said pipe support having a closed upper
tudinally spaced ports, and a transversely ex
end, a plurality of longitudinally spaced ports,
tending hanger carried by the upper end of the
and a transversely extending hanger carried by
pipe support; a permeable .dress form carried
the upper end of the pipe support; a permeable
by the hanger, said dress form including a cy
dress form carried by the hanger, said dress form 25 lindrical lower portion; a rotatable sealing ring
including a cylindrical lower portion; a rotatable
carried by the upstanding pipe support and'cir
sealing ring carried by the upstanding pipe sup
cular upper portion of the base housing and con
port and circular upper portion of the base hous
nected to the pipe support, the bottom of the
ing and connected to the pipe support, the bot
dress form being connected to the sealing ring
tom of the dress form being connected to the 30 whereby the sealing ring, pipe support and dress
sealing ring whereby the sealing ring, pipe sup
form may be rotated simultaneously about a ver
port and dress form may be rotated simultane
tical axis; and pedal-operated means for sup
ously about a vertical axis; and pedal-operated
plying steam to the pivot post‘ and pipe support.
means for supplying steam to the pivot post and
pipe support.
35
GEORGE w.v DU NAH.
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