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Патент USA US2410519

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Nov. 5, ‘1946.
c. OPALEK
2,410,519 -
OUTDOOR SWITCH ‘BOX
Filed Oct. 27, 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet l
s,- 70
32
2;;
2,
W
ATTORNEY
Nov.5, 1946.
'
QOPALEK-
-
'
2,410,519
OUTDOOR SWITCH BOX
Filed Oct. 27, 1943
'
' 2 SheetS-SheeiB
!NVENTOR
614/14 45; Ola/145K -
HEY/75w,
ATI‘ORNEY
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
2,410,519
UN I TED STATES PATENT "O FFI'CE
2,410,519
LOUTDOOR SWITCH BOX
Charles Opalek, BrooklumlNiY.
ApplicationiOctober"27, 1943, Serial N0..'507,"77=1
4_Claims. (Cl. 24_0—2.)
1
2
This invention ‘relates to an outdoor .control
box for electrically operated garage .doors or the
like and has for an object to :prov-ide-a {control
box of the above type which is illuminated :for
night use and is shieldedfrom the elements.
Another object is to provide a control box
of the above type having ‘novel and improved
characteristics.
The invention is applicable .to \a control system
of the general type disclosed in my co-pending
.
.Fis. .6 is a wiring diagramshowing the electri
cal connections :to the switches and lights.
Certain speci?c terms are used hereinfor, con
venience inrei‘erring to the ‘various details of the
invention. It is to be understood, however, that
these ‘terms are to be given .an interpretation
"commensurate with the state of ‘the :art.
Referring to the drawings more in detail, the
now Patent No. 2,342,597, .‘fOI‘ Door operating
invention is shown .as applied to an outdoor
switch box 10 (Fig. .1) mounted on a pedestal I I
having-a base "I 2 securedinear the edge of a drive
way liil leading to a garage 1.5 having hinged
mechanism, ‘which Shows "a garage door electri
.doors 16 which .are electrically operated ‘by suit
callylopera-ted by .a :remotely located push button
able means such as the mechanism disclosed in
application "Ser. No. ‘445,691, ?led June 4, ‘1942,
my 'copending application above referred to, and
outside pedestal .located at lt'h'exedge of the drive
are controlled bya switch vto be described carried
by the switch box :I d.
--way within reach-ofzthe driver.
Theswitch box ‘it comprises an outlet box 20,
In accordance ‘with the present invention, ‘the
control box is {provided with .a protecting cover
of the type commonly ‘used for electric outlets,
‘having overhanging sides to :protect the box 20 having a normally open front provided ‘with
vagainst :rain 'or descending frost and having a
flanges 21 suited to receive ‘a switch plate and
having a threaded socketlZZsecured on the ped
socket formed in its ‘under ‘surface {to receive a
estal iii.
small light bulb. 'The under ‘side of the cover,
particularly in the overhanging portion, is pro
Aswitch plate 38 is attached to the ?anges 2|
vided-with are?ecting ‘surface'whichfre?ects rays 25 by means of screws 131 and forms a closure for
the .box 26. The switch plate carries a push-but
from the ‘light :bulb downwardly a-roundthe con
iton type switch ‘32 which is adapted ‘to electri
trol box and around ‘its supporting pedestal so as
cally operate the garage doors, and a second
to ?oodlight the same. In one embodiment the
switch 33 which is connected in the l'ightcircuit
cover'is attached to asswitch plate whichcarries
'
the control switches and forms the frontI-of the an to be described.
‘The switch plate .30 carries an overhanging,
box and is arranged to beiremovab'le forxreplace
canopy-like cover 35 which is secured to the vtop
‘ment of the light "bulb. A "locked door ‘is pro
corners of the plate by suitable'means, such as
vided over the front .of the switch plate to en
welds. The ‘cover is generally rectangular in
close the switches. Thearrangement is such ‘that
.the light bulb can .only be removed ‘or replaced '7 shape and is provided with an ‘axial recessed
protuberance 36 which opens downwardly and
when the door of ‘the box is'open'ed. Hence the
is adapted ‘to receive a socket v3"! for a light bulb
.bulb cannot be removed or the switches operated
typeswitch. frhe'sw-itch is :locatedin ‘a box .onfan
by unauthorizedipersons.
>38.
Although the novel features which are believed
'
‘The cover '35 covers theentire top surface ‘of
to becharacteristic of this invention arepointed 40 thebox ~20 and‘ extends outwardly toprovide over
out more particularly in the claims appended
hereto, the invention itself may be better un.
hanging eaves which are adapted to protect the
.entire‘boxr-trorn-the elements. The outer edge of
the cover-3511s provided-with a downturned ?ange
'derstood by referring to the following description.
taken in connection with the accompanying 45 4B which-extends at least ‘below thetop of the "box
drawings in which aspeci?c.embodimentthereof
2%).
,
v
.
Theundersurface M of the cover ‘35 is'provided
with a "light re?ecting surface "and extends at an
angle suited to re?ect the light rays from the
Fig. 1 is a perspective view-of anoutdoor switch . bulb 33 downwardly around the outer surface of
box embodying the present invention and ‘its 50 the box 28 and around the pedestal l~l,,as indi
' immediate environment;
cated in Figs. 1 and '3. The surface .4! isshown
Fig. 2 is a front elevation'of .aswitch‘boxwit-h
as generally parabolic and as curved .tovprovide a
parts broken away ‘to show the construction
space for passage of 'light‘rays above the top-of
has been set forth for purposes of illustration.
In the drawings,
thereof;
the ‘plate 3%., The re?ecting surface maybe
Fig. .3 is a vertical section taken ‘on the line 55 formed by plating or by polishing the .material
3-—3 'of Fig. 2;
w ’
‘Fig. 4 is a front elevation of the switch-'boxwith
the door in open position;
Fig. '5 is a ‘fragmentary vertical section taken
on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2; and
of thecover. Thecoverlii? .isspaced-above-the
top of the box 20 a sufficient (distance to provide
clearance for the light raysas above mentioned
and for the bulb 38, being secured only to the top
corners of the plate 30. Current is supplied to
2,410,519
3
4
the socket 3'! by means of a line 42 which extends
through an opening 43 in the top of the box 20.
The front of the box 20 is enclosed by. a door
59 provided with inturned side and top ?anges
5| which’engage the switch plate and space the 5
door therefrom to provide clearance for the
switches 32 and 33. The switch plate 30 is pro
vided with a top ?ange 52 which extends above
the top ?ange 5| for shielding the same and
preventing the entrance of rain or moisture be
tween the switch plate and the door.
'
The door 50 is provided with top and bottom
hinge lugs 55 and 56 which engage apertures in
the top flange 52 and in a bracket 5'! respec
tively. The bracket 57 is provided with a flange
58 which is attached‘to the switch plate 3!} by
tion has been shown for purposes of illustration,
it is to be understood that the invention is capa
ble. of various adaptations as will be readily ap
parent to a person skilled in the art. The in
vention is only to be restricted in accordance with
_ the scope of the following claims.
What is claimed is:
a
' ' 1. An outdoor switch mechanism comprising a
box ?xed upon a suitable support having an open
10 side and having electrical connection leading to
.the interior thereof, a switch plate removably
secured to the open side of the box, switch mech
anism on the plate operable from the exterior and
controlling the electrical connection on the in
terior of the box, a door hinged to the box and
adapted when closed to cover the switch plate,
-means, shown as screws 59. The bracket 51 also
a canopy cover secured to the switch plate and
serves to form a shield andclosure for the lower
spaced from the top of the box and extending
' edge of the door.
beyond the sides thereof, and a source of light
The switch plate 321 is provided with an open 20 in the cover, the underside of the cover being re
ing 60 to receive a lock 61 carried by the door
flective and shaped to re?ect the light from said
5|]. The lock 6| includes a locking tongue 62
source downward on all sides and ?ood-light the
which engages in back of a ?ange 63 formed on
box and its support.
the switch plate 30. The ?ange 63 may of course
2. An outdoor switch mechanism comprising a
be formed on a separate element attached to the
suitably supported box with electrical connection
.inside of the switch plate if desired. The ar
leading to the interior thereof, switch mecha
rangement is such that the tongue 62 may be
nism on one side of the box controlling the elec
released only by key 64.
trical connection in the box and having a part
As shown in Fig. 6, the switch 32 is connected
manually operable upon the exterior of the box,
to a line ‘H! which leads to the garage door op 30 a canopy cover for the box spaced from the top
erating mechanism. The switch 33 is connected
and extending beyond the sides thereof, means
in series with the line 42 and the bulb 38. The
accessible on the said side of the box removably
leads extend downwardly through the pedestal
attaching the cover to the box, a source of light
II in a cable 72. The switch 33 is preferably of
controlled by said switch mechanism and disposed
the type which successively closes and opens a 35 underneath the cover in light re?ecting relation
circuit on alternate actuations. Hence only a
thereto, and a door hinged to the box and adapted
single button is required. It is to be understood,
when closed to cover the switch mechanism and
however, that the switch may be of any desired
the said attaching means.
type, depending upon the space available with
3. An outdoor switch mechanism comprising
in the box 28. The switch 32 is preferably of the 40 a suitably supported box with electrical connec
push button type and is arranged to start the
tion leading to the interior thereof, switch mech
actuation of the garage doors when pushed and
anism on one side of the box controlling the elec
released as set forth more in detail in my 00- trical connection in the box and having a part
pending application above referred to.
manually operable upon the exterior of the box,
It will be noted that the entire switch plate
a canopy cover for the box spaced from the top
is enclosed by the door 59 so that none of the
and extending beyond the sides thereof, means
parts is accessible except to one having the key.
accessible on the said side of the box remov
When it is desired to open the garage doors'it
ably attaching the cover to the'box, a source
is only necessary to reach out of the car, unlock
of light controlled by said switch mechanism and
and open the door 50 and press the button 32.
disposed underneath the cover in light re?ect
The doors may be closed in the same manner.
ing relation thereto, a door hinged to the box
The bulb 38 is arranged so that the entire outer
and adapted when closed to cover the switch
surface of the switch box and pedestal is ?ood
mechanism and‘the said attaching means and a
lighted so as to throw light on the keyhole when
lock-mechanism carried by the door and coopera
the door is closed and on the push buttons when
tive ‘with the said side of the box to lock the
the door is open. If a small bulb 38 is used it
door in closed position.
'
maybe preferable to leave the same permanent
' 4. An outdoor switch mechanism comprising a
ly in the circuit. In thisevent, the switch 33
suitably supported box having an open side and
may be omitted.
‘
electrical connection leading to the interior there
In. order to remove or replace the bulb 38 it
60 of, a switch plate, means removably securing the
is necessary ?rst to unlock the door 50 and then
switch plate to the open side of the box, switch
to remove the screws 3! which permit the switch
mechanism on the plate operable from the ex
‘plate. 30 and the cover 35 to be removed from
terior and controlling the electrical connection
the box 20.
'
I
on the interior of the box, a door hinged to the
The light re?ecting surface as well as the door
box and adapted when closed to cover the switch
65
itself and the sides of the box are protected from
mechanism and the securing ‘means of the switch
the elements. This prevents thedoor 50 from
plate, a canopy cover integrally attached to the
sticking, for example, due to frost which under
switch plate and spaced from the top ofthe box
certain conditions might otherwise settle and
and extending beyond the sides thereof, and a
freeze thereon. The bulb 38 also provides a lim
source of light controlled by said switch mecha
ited amount of heat which assists in keeping the 70 nism and disposed beneath the cover in light re
box it) free of frost and ice.
?ecting relation thereto.
.
'
r
‘
Although a speci?c embodiment of the inven
CHARLES OPALEK.
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