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NOV.‘ 5, 1946. 2,410,701 P0 ZALKIND CONTAINER - DRAWER STOP AND ALIGNING MEANS Original Filed June 2, 195a ' FIGURE-2 FlGU RE-3 INVENTOR ' ZAM-I 2 z & TTORNEY ~ Patented Nov. 5, 1946 2,410,701 umrso srrs PATEN critics 2,410,701 CONTAINER-DRAWER STOP AND ALIGNING IVIEAN S Philip Zalkind, New York, N. Y. Original application June 2, 1938, Serial No. 211,385, new Patent No. 2,337,079, dated De cember 21, 1943. Divided and this application January 1, 1944, Serial No. 516,681 3 Claims. (Cl. 45-7) 1 This invention is a division of my application 2 Patent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18, 1943, in Serial No. 211,385, ?led June 2, 1938, which has becomev Patent No. 2,337,079, dated Dec. 21, 1943, order to align the drawer with said anti-friction means; a drawerv stop which will permit with and relates to collapsible containers wherein a ‘rawal of the drawer and yet serve as a stop for collapsible drawer is intended to be slidable into 5 the drawer when withdrawal thereof is not de and out of the open front of a casing, and in sired; that will not interfere with collapsibility connection with which novel drawer stop and of drawer and casing; and that may even serve aligning means are provided. to suspend the drawer when it is partially re Such casings and drawers may be economically moved from the casing. constructed of ?brous sheet material, the casing 10 Other objects and uses of my invention will, being reinforced and strengthened, particularly in part, be apparent and in part indicated in the at the open front, by means such as that pro following description and drawing in which: vided in my Patent No. 2,118,011, issued May 17, Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a casing‘ 1938, and may be strengthened in the rear, if and drawer showing a form of drawer stop which necessary, by the inset back construction set 15 features my present invention. forth in my Patent No. 2,159,070, issued May 23, Figures 2 and 3 are details of the drawer stop‘ 1939, the drawer being formed substantially as described in my Patent No. 1,946,516. When the casing and drawer combination is of Figure 1. V The drawer of Figure 1 may have a roller‘ 4-01‘ mounted on the back wall in such manner that used as a transfer ?le for storage of records and 20 it will just clear the inner surface of the top wall papers or for any other purpose involving the of the casing when the drawer is inserted‘therein. loading of the drawer with relatively heavy ma Many methods may be used for mounting such terial, the movement of the drawer may be im roller on the drawer. I prefer, however, to use a peded by the friction developed between the bot drawer blank the rear construction of which will tom of‘ the drawer and the floor of the casing. be like that of the blank, Figure 26 in my‘ Pat Accordingly, in my Patent Nos. 2,233,906 and 2,200,319, as well as in other patents herein set forth, I have provided for various types of fric tion, reducing means and mechanisms between ent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18, 1943. The back wall 1300 in such blank of Figure 26 of that patent consists of a panel 402, separated by a , bend line I133 from the bottom wall I31; the panel 30 402 is in turn separated by a double score line‘ the casing floor and the drawer bottom. Like wise,‘ in my Patent No. 2,319,283, issued May 18, 484 from the inner panel £105. The panels 402 1943, I have provided for additional and improved and 405 are cut out at 408. Panel 405‘ may then friction reducing means. be turned on the double score line 404 to lie in Where, by the use of e?icient anti-friction face» to face relation against the panel 402. An means, the movement of the drawer isfacilitated 35 additional panel 401 may be adhesively or oth to the extent that only a minimum of effort is erwise mounted so that it will lie between the required to operate it, it becomes necessary to panels 405 and 402 when they are folded'to provide means such as drawer-stop to prevent gether. The edges 508, 1309 of the‘ panel 40'! undesired or intended removal of the drawer may then serve as a support for a wire- N0 (of; from the outer casing. Such drawer-stop should, 40 Fig; 43), said wire carrying the roller li'llliv which where possible, reinforce both the drawer and projects‘ above the slot 406. The back wall as the casing,_facilitate the operation of the drawer, sembly' may be secured together in the manu and even serve to suspend the drawer when it is facturing process, such back wall assembly for so far withdrawn that its center of gravity is "mounting the roller not interfering with‘ the outside the casing; and it should not interfere 45 collapsibility or flat shipment of the drawer. with the collapsibility of casing and drawer The roller‘wire may be secured so thatthe roller where that is afactor. Such drawer stop may will at all times be held in operative position. be provided in connection with a reinforcing Such roller 4M (Figure 1) will furnish addi member as shown in my Patent No. 2,210,019, or tional rolling support or suspension for the may be independent thereof. , 50 drawer by bearing against the top wall of the . Objects of this invention, therefore, are to pro casing when the drawer is so far removed from vide in a casing and drawer combination adrawer the casing that its center of gravity is beyond; the stop which, may, if desired, cooperate with any casing mouth, the drawer then tending to- sag anti-friction means which may be usedv (and par! down at its forward end. And- such roller may ticularly the; antirfrictionz ‘means. set forth in, my. 5.5. also cooperate with-any stopping means‘ provided 2,410,701 3 4 in the top wall of the casing and thereby act as ciples of construction which may be embodied in other physical forms without departure there from. I do not, therefore, desire to be strictly a drawer stop. Such roller may also serve as a handle for the rear wall of the drawer to facili tate lifting the drawer when it is entirely re moved from the casing. In Figure 1, I have illustrated one type of stop limited to the disclosure as given for purposes of illustration but rather to the scope of the ap ping mechanism for the casing adapted to coop pended claims. Having described my invention, I claim: erate with such roller 4!“ or any other raised portion or extension of the rear wall of the lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous 1. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col 10 material having a top wall and an open front and a collapsible drawer section of substantially self to create a drawer stop. A U-shaped wire ?brous material having side walls and an open 4“ is mounted in a plate M2 mounted in the top wall 413 of the casing 49. Such U-shaped top and a rear wall; means on said top wall of said casing section and means on said rear wall wire remains normally in the lowered or hanging position as illustrated in the figure. It is so ar 15 of said drawer section cooperating with each ranged that it cannot swing forward toward the other to prevent unintended removal of the open mouth of the casing, and thus, when en drawer section from said casing section; said drawer or even the rear wall of the drawer it gaged by the roller, will not permit unintended means on said rear wall of said drawer section comprising a roller adapted to ride against the movement of the drawer out of the casing. But when it is desired to permit the roller 4!“ to top Wall of the casing section; said means on the pass beyond the wire 4“ so that the drawer top wall of the casing section comprising an may be pulled out, the wire 4! I may be swung abutment engaging said roller and preventing backward toward the rear of the casing and unintended removal of the drawer; said abut thus raised. ment comprising a support in the top of the cas As seen in the detail view of Figure 2, the plate 25 ing section, a pendant rotatable wire having a 412 may comprise a ?at member 4M having two portion in the path of movement of said roller, risers 415, M6, the riser 4H5 having perforations means on the support cooperating with the wire 4", 418 associated with recesses M9, 429 within for limiting rotation of the wire toward the front which the ends MI, 422 of the U wire 4“ may of the casing section, said wire being rotatable be inserted so that they will not project beyond 30 toward the rear of said casing section to be raised the plane of the riser 416 or the plane of the ?at out of position to engage with said roller; said member M4. As will be clear from the ?gure, support being carried by the top wall of the cas the U shaped wire may be freely swung away ing and comprising a channel shaped member from the riser 4 [6, but cannot swing any further having a main channel section de?ned by a pair toward such riser and is effectively stopped there of parallel legs and a bridging member connect by. The plate 4l2 may be inserted in a gap 425 ing them; ?anges secured to and extending from (Figure 1) in the roof 4l3 of the casing 48 so that the said legs; recesses at the connection between the ?anges 423 and 424 extend beyond the edges one of said legs ‘and said bridging element; ex of such gap to prevent the lifting of such plate tensions on said rotatable wire engaged in said away from the casing. The U wire 41! will then recesses for supporting said wire. hang down into the interior of the casing to serve 2. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col as a drawer stop in cooperation with the roller lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous 40!. A batten 42B (Figures 2 and 3) may then be material having a top wall and an open front and inserted beneath the flat member 4“! so that the a collapsible drawer section of substantially ? ends of the batten rest against the outer surface brous material having side walls and an open top of the top wall of the casing and prevent the plate and a rear wall; means on said top wall of said “2 from falling into the casing and will lock casing section and means on said rear wall of the drawer stop in place. The stud 421 on the said drawer section cooperating with each other ‘batten 426 cooperates with the perforation 428 to prevent unintended removal of the drawer sec of the ?at member 414 to prevent accidental re 50 tion from said casing section; said means on said moval of the batten where casings are to be placed one on top of the other, the batten 426 may be ?at so that the flat member 4“ will be very nearly ?ush with the top of the casing. A channel member 429 may be mounted over the , forward edge of the gap 425 to reinforce such forward edge against any undue pressure or strain when the roller 411i is pulled against the drawer stop 4| I. The construction herein shown will operate in a rigid or collapsible container without interfer ing with the collapse of the container, casing or drawer. The rotation of the wire toward the rear will raise the wire to lie ?at against its wall to permit collapse. _ Further, the fact that the wire 4“ is rotatable in one direction to lie flush with the wall but will resist rotation in the opposite direction will sug gest many other uses for such wire in collapsible structures. Thus, such constructions may be used as of hanging or suspending means in the ceiling of collapsible cabinets or even in the side walls thereof. From the foregoing description it will be ap rear wall of said drawer section comprising a roller adapted to ride against the top wall of the casing section; said means on the top wall of the casing section comprising an abutment en gaging said roller and preventing unintended re moval of the drawer; said abutment comprising a pendant rotatable wire, a support for said wire in the top of the casing section said wire having a bent portion in the path of movement of said roller and other portions rotatably secured to said support, the motion of said wire toward the front of said casing section being limited, said wire being rotatable toward the rear of said cas ing'section to be raised out of position to engage with said roller; a support for said wire, said support being carried by the top wall of the eas ing and comprising a channel shaped‘ member having a main channel section de?ned by a pair of parallel legs and a bridging member connect ing them; ?anges secured to and extending from the said legs; recesses at the connection between one of said legs and said bridging element; ex tensions on said rotatable wire engaged in said recesses for supporting said wire; said last men parent, that my invention resides in certain prin 75 tioned leg also providing a stop for said wire lim 2,410,701 iting the rotation of the wire toward the front top wall of the casing section; said means on the top wall of the casing section comprising an 3. In a collapsible cabinet comprising a col abutment engaging said roller and preventing lapsible casing section of substantially ?brous unintended removal of the drawer; said abut material having a top wall and'an open front and ment comprising a pendant rotatable wire, a sup a collapsible drawer section of substantially ? port for said Wire in the top of the casing section, brous material having side walls and an open said wire having a bent portion in the path of top and a rear wall; means on said top wall of movement of said roller and other portions rotat said casing section and means on said rear wall ably secured to said support, and means on the of said drawer section cooperating with each 10 support cooperating with the wire for limiting other to prevent unintended removal of the rotation of the wire toward the front of the cas drawer section from said casing section; said ing section. means on said rear wall of said drawer section PHILIP ZALKIND. comprising a roller adapted to ride against the v of the casing section.