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Патент USA US2410738

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Nov. 5, 1946.
‘
2,410,738
A. JOB
" GOMBER
Filed March 11. 1942
15 Sheets-Sheet 1 ‘
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INVENTOR.
HRTHUR JOB
8"
aw W
ATTORNEY.
NW, 5, 1946.
2,410,738
A. JOB“
COMBER
Filed limb 11, 1942
15 Sheets-Sheet 2
MSW
_ ___.____ ____‘__Q
N
INVENTOR.
BY
HR THUR JOB
CL .
ATTORNEY.
Nov. 5,’ 1946.
VA, JQB
,
2,410,738
COMBER
Filed March 11, 1942
15 sheets-sheet ‘s
- INVENTOR
FIRTHUR JOB
BY (1. (Arm),
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411mm
Nov. 5, 1946'.
. A. JOB
‘ ‘2,410,738
COMBER
Filed March 11, 1942
15 Sheets-Sheet 4
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HRTHUR JOB
Nov. 5, 1946.
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Filed March 11, 1942
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A. JOB
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I 2,410,138
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Filed March 11, 1942‘ _
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INVENTOR
FIRTHUR Jos
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Nov. 5, 1946.
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COMBER
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Filed March 11, 1942
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Filed March 11. 1942
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Nov. 5, 1946; > ‘
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15 Sheets-Sheet 13
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2,410,138
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' INVENTOR.
BY
HRTHUR J06
G \ Q.‘ .'
ATTORNEY,’ ' I
Nov. 5, 1946.
A, JOB
‘
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COMBER
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Filed March 11, 1942
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lSSheets-Sheet 15
26
CLEANING
DEVICE ECCENTRIC
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REVOLVING co'm BER
FOR GRIPP’ING
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MEMBERS gr I CLAMPING ROLL.
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i'AeLé CAM CAMS FDR 0'’ RATING 799N155 633i64rb‘5
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FEED ROLLERS
INVENTOR;
FIR THUR J08 ,
ATTORNEY.
-
l
Patented Nov. 5, 1946
7
2,410,738 .
'l-TED STATES PATNT OFFICE “
COMBER
Arthur Job, Providence,- R. I., assignor to Sils_ '
Corporation, a corporation of Delaware
Application March 11, 1942, Serial No. 434,245
'1 Claims. (of. 19-111)
1 .
2
The invention relates to combers and more
particularly to machines for combing textile
?bers and more especially medium length ?bers
of various kinds such as wool, ?ax, hemp, silk
waste, etc.
‘
The invention has for its object the provision of ‘a novel machine of the indicated class which
_ Fig. 19 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the
gearing of the machine.
~
The novel comber comprises a supporting frame
I5 of suitable type and dimensions on which the
5
mechanical elements of the machine are mounted.
At its inlet end the comber is provided‘ with feed- '
ing mechanism. comprising initial feeding means ‘
vis ef?cient in operation without requiring any. vwhereby the fibers whichpreviously may have
particularly skilled supervision and whereby the 'been passed through a conventional drawing
?bers are, treated in a manner to produce a con 10 frame, are initially fed into the machine, for in-'
tinuous and uniform ?brous sliver'whereby suc
stance, in the form of ?brous slivers, said feeding
cessive steps in the production of linen vand other
means, in the illustratedexample, being inter
yarns are materially facilitated.-
‘
mittently operated in a manner and for the pur
Other objects will appear from the description
pose to be more fully set forth hereinafter.
hereinafter and the features of [novelty will ,be 15. »In the form shown in the drawings, the afore- . pointed out in the claims.
1
said initial feeding means comprises feed rollers
In the accompanying drawings which illustrate , I6 and I1 preferably located at a common level . '
an example of the invention without de?ning its
in spaced, parallel relation and respectively ?xed
limits,
‘
upon shafts I8 and I9 rotatably mounted in
Figs. 1 and 13 together constitute a fragmentary 20 bearing brackets 20 forming part of or secured to
plan view of the novel comber;
.
the frame IS. The rollers-l6 and I‘! are geared
Figs. 2 and 28L together show the machine in
together by suitable gears Hia and I ‘I5 located.
sectional elevation substantially on the lines 2-2
on the shafts l8 and I9 and an idler gear l8“
and 2e--2a of Figs. 1 and 1a respectively;
suitably mounted between and in mesh with the
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary horizontal section on, 25 gears Him and I‘!8 on said shafts ‘l8 and I9. A
the line 3-3 of Fig. 2e;
_
cooperating feed roller 2| may be located above
Fig. 4 is a side elevation partly in section, of the
and between the rollers l6 and H preferably
novel comber;
in tangential surface engagement therewith as
Fig. 4a is a fragmentary perspective view on an
shown in. Fig. 2. The cooperating feed roller 2|
30 may be rotatably mounted in place in any conven
' enlarged scale;
Figs. 5 and 5a together show the comber in
ient manner as by being journalled in said bear
iFl‘ertical section substantially on the line 5—5 of
ing brackets 20. The feeding means further may
include a plurality of separators 22 extending
Figs. 6 and 6a similarly illustrated the ma
about the circumferential surface of the roller
chine in vertical section substantially on the line 35 It in spaced parallel relation and carried by a
6—6 of Fig. 4;
,
_ .
'
'
supporting bar 23 mounted on brackets 24 forming
Fig. 7 is a vertical section on the line 1—1 of
part of or secured to the frame IS. The separators
Fig. 2a;
22 are preferably adjustable at will lengthwise of
‘
Fig. 8 is a detail horizontal section on the line
'
8-8 of Fig. 7;
-
-
Fig. 9 is a detail- horizontal section ‘on‘ the
line 9—9 of Fig. 7;
Fig. 10 is an enlarged detail section on air blast
' device included in the machine;
’
' the roller [6 and bar 23 and are ?xed in adjusted '
40 positions on the latter in any suitable manner as by means of set screws 25.
V
.
V >
. The ?bers, instead of being fed as above set
forth, may be fed in the form ‘of a ribbon from a
roll thereof, in which case the feed roller 2| will
' Fig. 11 is a, detail section on the line Il-—|l of 45 be replaced by the roll of ?ber ribbon supported
Fig. 6;
'
upon the feed rollers l6 and H in rolling contact
.
Fig. 12 is- a diagrammatic view of a portion of‘.
the mechanism shown in Fig. 11; .
-
Fig. 13 is a ‘schematic ‘detail plan view of de
livery rolls forming part of the machine;
.
therewith.
I
‘
_
’
The feed rollers l6 and I 1 may be lntermlté
tently rotated in any sutiable manner to rotate
60 the feed roller 2| or the aforesaid roll of ribbon
Fig. 14 is a sectional view on the line I'd-H of
- ?ber ‘in proper timing with the associated ele
Fig. 13:
"
'
'
ments of the machine to secure the desired re
Figs. 15, 16, 17, and 18 are‘diagrammatic views , sults. For instance, as shown in Fig. 2 of the ,
showing four cycles in the operationof the ma
drawings, a ratchet wheel 26 is ?xed upon the
65 shaft l9 and is actuated in successive steps by
chine in successive stages, and
~ 2,410,738
4
.
Upwardly inclined cams- or projections 55 are
means of a pawl 21 pivotally mounted at 28 on
a bell-crank lever 23, a spring 33 carried by the
latter serving to yieldingly maintain said pawl 21
in operative engagement with the ratchet wheel
23. The lever 29 is loosely mounted on the shaft
| 9 so as to be capable of being rocked thereon and
?xed upon suitable portions of the frame l5'and
are located in the paths of the respective rollers
53 as the latter participate in the operative re
ciprocation of the table 35 and its associated ele
ments. With this arrangement the rollers 53 by
includes as a part of its one arm 2. depending
riding up on the cams or projections 55 will swing
member 3| whereby the lever 29 is operatively
actuated in the manner to be more fully described
hereinafter. The other arm of the lever 29 is
A the arms 52 on the rod 39 to thereby lift the v
holding plate 50 away from the plate 43 and raise
the pins 41 suf?ciently to remove the ends of
the latter from the apertures 48 to a point above
provided with a notch 32 or its equivalent for
the passage 44 for the purpose to be referred to I
the accommodation of one end of a coil spring 33,
more speci?cally hereinafter.
.
the other end of which is secured to'a projection
In'the operation of the machine, the upright
34 suitably ?xed on the frame ii.‘ The spring
33 serves to operate the lever 29 in a return di 15 levers‘ 40 are pivotally rocked on the shaft 4| by
suitable operating means to reciprocate the feed
rection subsequent to each‘ operative actuation
thereof to cause the pawl 21 to travel in a re
turn direction relatively to the ratchet wheel 25
in a movement of recovery preparatory to the
next feeding step.
-
The aforesaid feeding mechanism further com
prises secondary feeding means which, in cooper
ation with the, aforesaid initial feeding means,
controls the advancing or feeding of the ?bers
in the machine.
‘
In its illustrated form, the secondary feeding
. ing table '35 and its associated elements in proper
operative synchronism with the other parts of
the comber.
In the illustrated example, the aforesaid oper
20
ating means comprises bell-crank levers 56, the
.upright arms of which are provided with bearing
faces 51 engaged by set screws 58 adjustably
mounted on lugs 59 forming part of and project
25 ing laterally from the levers 40 in spaced pairs at
intermediate points thereof, as illustrated in Figs.
means consists of a feeding table 35 supported
at its forward edge by means of rollers 35 on .
horizontal tracks 31 suitably mounted on the'
frame l5, said rollers 36 being journalled on 30
brackets 38 depending from the table 35 as shown
in Fig. 2. The rear edge of the feeding table 35
is pivotally connected with a rod 39 supported by
upright levers 40 loosely mounted on a shaft 4|
capable of rocking on its axis in conventional
bearings on the frame l5. The table 35 is pro
vided with upright side ?anges 42 which are in
1 and 2. The other arms of said bell-‘crank le
vers 55 are provided at-their free ends with lat
erally projecting rollers 50 extending into the
cam grooves 5| of cams 62 ?xed upon a shaft 63
suitably journalled in the frame |5 of the ma
chine.
,
i
It will be noted, as illustrated in Fig. 2, that
the depending member 3| of the ratchet operat
ing lever 29, is located in the path of reciproca
tion of the feeding table 35 so as to be engaged
thereby as said table 35 is operated in a direction
toward the feed rollers I5, I‘! and 2|. With this
tegral parts of a plate 43 located above and in
arrangement the lever 29 will be pivotally actu
spacedrelation to the table 35 at the forward
portion thereof to form a passage 44 terminating 40 ated by said table 35 in a direction to cause the
pawl. 21 to act on the ratchet 26 and thereby
at the forward edge of said table 35 as illustrated
operate the feed rollers l5, l1 and 2| in a feed
in Fig. 2; the passage 44 preferably is formed with
ing step once during each complete reciproca
a. ?aring inlet end for instance, by curving the
tion of the feeding table 35 and its associated
rear edge of the plate 43 upwardly as shown at
45. For the purpose to be more fully set forth 45 elements.
In addition to the parts so far described, the
hereinafter, the table is provided with a plurality
novel comber includes a‘ plurality of combs 63B,
of apertures 46 which register with corresponding
.64 and 55 arranged in predetermined groups and
apertures 41 extending through the plate 43. In
successively adjusted to operative position in co- '
addition to the parts described above, the feeding
table 35 carries a guide chute 48 which projects 50 operative relation with the feeding table 35 in
suitable timing with the operation thereof.
beyond the rear edge of said table 35 and extends
The combs 63a, 64 and 65 in the example shown
over and beyond the rod 39 in a direction toward
in the drawings, arecarried by rods 66 in screw
the initial feeding means and has its exit edge in
threaded connection with turn-buckles 61 which
delivery proximity to a rod 49 supported by the
?anges 42 at a slight distance above the table 35, 55 in turn are threaded upon companion rods 68
pivotally mounted on the rod 39 for rocking
as shown in Fig. 2.
movements thereon, so that said combs 63a, 64
The secondary feeding means further includes
holding means whereby the ?bers ‘are periodi
and 55 partake of the reciprocating movements
of the feeding table 35 and its associated ele
therewith as will appear more fully hereinafter. 60 ments and at the same time are capable of being
pivotally adjustable relatively thereto.
The holding means illustrated in the drawings
Any suitable mechanism may be provided for
comprises a holding plate 50 provided with a plu
adjusting the combs 63“, 54 and 55 to and from
rality of pins 5| depending from said plate 50
cally connected with the feeding table '35 to move
their operative positions in the desired sequence.
and preferably corresponding in‘ number to the
apertures 46 and 41 of the table 35 and plate 43 65 For instance, as shown in the drawings, each rod
55 may be connected by means of a link 68‘3 with
respectively. In its operative position the hold
a lever 69 loosely mounted on the shaft 4| for
ing plate 50 rests upon the plate 43 with the pins
pivotal movement thereon. The links 6'8a may
5| projecting through the apertures 41 thereof.
be adjustable as to length, for instance, by being
and into the apertures 49 of the feeding table 35,
as illustrated in Fig. 2. The holding plate 50 is 70 made in sections operatively connected with turn
buckles 10 as illustrated in Fig. 2. The levers 69
carried by arms 52 loosely mounted on the rod
are pivotally rocked on the shaft 4| by means of
39 for pivotal movement thereon, and provided
rollers '|| suitably mounted on said levers 69 and
at intermedaite points with rollers 53 rotatably
arranged in rolling engagement with cams 12
mounted on pins 54 projecting outwardly from
the side faces of the arms 52 as shown in Fig. 1. 75 fixed upon the shaft 63. Springs 13 connected
'
2,410,788‘
5
with and acting on the levers 69 serve to main-,
tam the rollers ‘H in operative contact with the
associated cams ‘I2. The latter are relatively p01
sitioned on the shaft 03 so as to operate the re~
spective levers 59 and. the respective combs 63a,
84, and 65in the desired sequence as will appear
more fully hereinafter.
‘
-»
‘
_
_
_ \
,_
In order to provide for the automatic ‘cleaning
of. the combs 83a,‘ 54 and 65, a resilient-cleaning
member ‘I4 is mounted on the table 35>at the for
.ward edge thereof, and corresponding resilient
cleaning members 15 and 16 are ?xed upon combs
53‘L and 64 respectively. These cleaning mem
‘
_
*
are provided’ ‘with adjustable ‘abutments
96 for instance in the ‘form of headed?screw's‘
?xed
the, roll adjusted
v:ITI ‘is operated,
positionsv
thebyabutmentv
‘lock nuts 95 of a‘
given amv slide '81, will come to restgin registry
with] operatinglever 98 pivoted at 99xupona
bracket; I00 ?xed upOntheframe I5.‘ Thelever
98carries a roller' IOI arranged'to be acted on by
10.. thereby develop a-pushing ‘forigebri the abutment
95 to force the cam slide '81 ‘toward the right
Figs. 5 and 5“. As the operation of the roll ms
resumed, the‘ abutment 96 of said given cam slide
bers 14, ‘I5, and ‘I6 are'engaged by the respective I 81 will come to rest in registry with a return
combs 53a, 84, and 65 in their return movements 15 operating lever I03 pivoted at I04Ion_a_bracke't"
'from" their operative positions, the action of the
I05 ‘suitably mounted on the frame I5 asshown'
cleaning members being such as to remove any
in Fig. 5a. The lever I03 carries a roller‘lulsmil
?bers or other material previously gathered by
which is acted on by a cam I01 in a manner/Ito
said combs.
-
r
-
rock said lever I03 ‘and thereby develop 'a. push-T.
-
As shown in ‘Fig. 2 a hollow clamping roll ‘I1 is 20 ing force on the abutment 96- to force'the cam
located in operative relation, to the feeding table
slide 81 in a return direction toward the Jle'ftin
35 and its associated elements and is provided at
Figs. 5 and 5a. 'In this way thejgripping'p'or '
it opposite ends with trunnions ‘I8 and ‘I9 respec
‘clamping members 82 are adjusted into and out
tively, whereby said roll ‘I1 is rotatably journalled
of gripping relation with gripping members 'or
in suitable bearings 80 forming part of the frame 25 gaskets 8| as will appear more fullyhereinafter.
Springs I08 act on the respective levers 98 and
I5. For convenience of description and because
of its functions, which will appear more fully
I 03 to‘maintain the rollers IN and I08 in opera
hereinafter, the roll ‘I’! may betermed the ?rst
tive rolling contact with the cams I02' and I0‘!
clamping roll of the machine.
'
respectively. The cams I02 and I0'I.are secured
The periphery of the roll TI‘ is interrupted, to 30
' upon a shaft I09 rotatably mounted in the frame
provide peripheral openings formed by two du
plicate and diametrically opposed sections ‘Ila
each provided along one longitudinal edge with
' a gripping member or gasket 8|‘ which may be
I5 and operated in proper operative timing by
means of a gear IIO ?xed on the shaft I09 and
meshing with a pinion I I I. ‘The latter is carried
by a counter shaft I I2 journalled in the frame I5
and driven for instance by means of ‘a. pulley I I3
connected by means of a belt I I4 with an electric
of any suitable material and ?xed in place in any
convenient manner. Gripping or clamping mem,
bers 82 are located within said roll ‘H for 000D
or other motor H5. The counter shaft “2 may
eration with the gripping members or gaskets 8I'
further carry a' hand :wheel II6 for manually
and preferably ‘are grooved at their free ends as
actuating the ‘same if for any reason this should indicated at 83. The gripping or clamping
mem 40 be necessary or desirable. '
.
.
bers 82 are secured upon rock shafts B4 suitably
In contiguous cooperative relation with the
mounted in the roll ‘I1 and‘ operatively controlled
gripping members‘ or gaskets 8|’v and preferably
by any suitable means so as to adjust the grooved
beneath the same; the roll ‘I1 is provided with
ends 83 of said members "82 into and out of gripe
surface grooves in which 'nozzle members II‘! are
ping or clamping relation with the gripping mem 45 ?tted and secured inv any convenient manner so‘
bers or gaskets 8|. For instance, as shown in
as to lie in surface registry with the peripheral
Fig. 2, arms 85 may project radially-outwardly
. surface of the roll TI and the sections 'I‘|a thereof.
The members II'I extend throughout the major
members 82 thereon and carry rollers 86 at their
portion of the roll 'I'I along the length thereof
free ends. The rollers 88 are‘ in ‘rolling engage 50 and "are provided with continuous interiorair
ment with cam slides 81 mounted in guide grooves
channels II8 which likewise extend throughout
' 88 formed in the sections ‘ll8 of the roll 11. The
the major length of the roll 11 and have inlet
cam slides 81 are reciprocable in the guide
passages 'I I9 and IIllb communicating therewith
grooves 88 and are provided with cam recesses
at the opposite ends of said channels I I8 and ter-‘
89 and continuing cam projections 90 which in 55 minating in the peripheral surfaces of the roll 11.
cooperation with the rollers 88 serve to rock the
at predetermined points thereof as shown in Fig.
shafts 84 and thereby operate the gripping or
1; it will be understood that at. its oppositelends
clamping members 82 relatively to‘ the gripping
the peripheral surface of the roll 11 iscontinuouws '
members or gaskets 8| in~the intended manner.
and that the inlet passages “9' are‘ outwardly
Springs 9| are connected .at one end with lugs’
open in said continuous peripheralportions of
92 extending from the rock shafts 84 or from the
said roll 11 as indicated in Figs. 1', 5 and'5e.” The
_ from the rock shafts 84 or from the gripping
clamping or gripping members 82, and- atjtheir
members III are further provided Withaii" noz¢
other ends with projections 93 which, as shown
in Fig. 2, may be-threaded into the sections 7|‘!a of
the roll 11; in any case, the springs 9| ‘exert a
tension tending to rock the gripping or clamping
members '82 to inoperative positions away from
the members or gaskets 8|. Plates 94, may be
zles I I9a located in preferably thickened portions’_ ‘
fastened to the sections 'I'Iaof the roll ‘I1 and
extend inwardly therefrom to constitute protect
ing covers within said roll to prevent?bers and
other foreign matter from passing- into said
roll ‘I1.
‘
‘
'
'
'
The cam slides 81 extend outwardly beyond the
thereof at spaced intervals between the inlet pas
sages H9, and inclined in‘ directions toward the
gripping members or gaskets 8| ‘with the" exit
ends of said nozzles ‘open exteriorly ‘of the roll’?!
or speci?cally of the nozzle member II ‘I ‘as shown
in Fig. 10. In'th‘e operative ‘rotation ofwthe‘ roll
70 'I‘I the aforesaid inlet passages are ‘arranged " to
register with the exit opening of-air'v‘pip‘es I20
‘which ride upon and snugly ?t the continuous
surface portions of the ‘_ rollj'I‘I. With ‘thisfare
rangement the inlet passages 'of each member'_,I_ I1
. roll 11 at opposite ends thereof and preferably 75 accordingly establish communication ‘between
. 2,410,738
7
each air channel H8 and the interior of air pipes
I20 at predetermined stages in the operation of
the machine for the purpose to be more fully set
forth hereinafter.’ The air pipes I20 and I20“
being on the respective rock shafts I48 and I49‘
by bolts I50 as illustrated in Figs. 2* and 6 and
extending radially outward from the associated
rock shafts I40 and I49“. Toggle links I5I and
I5Ia are pivotally connected at I52 and I52a re
spectively with the outer ends of the arms I49
and I49‘ and at I53 and I53“ respectively, with
able portions of the frame I5 and are in?uenced
by springs I23 bearing against the pipes I20 and
bell-crank levers I54 and I54a pivotally mounted
I20a and against arms I24 pivotally supported on
at I55 and I55‘ respectively within the roll I38 in
a the pivots I22 and carrying rollers I25 in rolling 10 any convenient manner. A member I56 has its
opposite ends pivotally connected at I 51 with the
engagement with the shaft I09 previously men
tioned.
beli-cranklevers I54 and is recessed .at I59 to ~
The pipes I20 and I 20‘1 are connected by pref
straddle‘the shaft I39, and a roller I59 is mount
erably ?exible tubes I26 with a pipe I26“ includ
ed at one end of each of the bell-crank levers I54
ing a T-iitting from which a branch connection - 15 as shown in the drawings. A corresponding mem
I21 provided with a conventional pressure check
ber I56‘ is pivotally connected at I51“ with the
'valve I30a leads to an air pump I29 of suitable
bell-crank levers I54“ and is recessed at I58‘.i to
type having an air inlet ‘I29 including a COIlVEB-r
straddle the shaft in transverse relation to the
tional suction check valve I30. The air pump
member I56. A roller 159“ corresponding to the
I28, in the form shown.~ includes a piston or 20 roller-I59 is mounted at one end of each of the
plunger I3I connected by means of a link I32
bell-crank levers I54“. The rollers I59 andI5€Ia
with an operating lever I33 pivoted at I34 upon
are arranged to be acted on by _a cam I60 carried
a bracket I35 suitably mounted on the casing of
by a shaft I6I journalled in bearings I62 on the
the pump I28 as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 4.
frame I5 as illustrated in Figs. 6 and 6“. For
The‘ lever I33 carries a roller I36 in rolling en 25 purposes of adjustment the cam I60 preferably is
gagement with a cam I31 ?xed upon the previ
mounted upon a disk I60a by means of slots and
ously mentioned shaft 63, and whereby the
bolts I601‘. The aforesaid arrangement is such
plunger or piston I3I of the pump I28 is period
. that the gripping or clampingrmembers I46 and
ically operated to develop a gust‘ of air for the
I46“ are adjusted into and out of gripping rela
purpose to be referred in detail further on in 30 tion with the gripping member‘ or gaskets I45 in
are located near each end of the roll 11 and are
carried by brackets I2I pivoted at I22 upon suit
the description.
‘
"
As shown in Fig. 2a which with Fig. 2 illustrates
a sectional elevation of the machine, a second
inverse relation in-each coopeiating pair and in
predetermined sequence and association as will
appear more fully hereinafter, to secure the de
hollow clamping roll I38 is located in operative
sired operative results.
'
relation to the ?rst clamping roll 11, and is car 35
The clamping rolls 11 and I38 are geared to
ried by a shaft I39 rotatably mounted in suitable
gether by means of gears I63 and I64 located re
bearings I40 on the frame I5 of the machine.
spectively on the trunnion 19 and on the shaft
The roll I38 comprises longitudinal members I“
I39 and connected by means of an intermediate
and I4!3 spaced apart approximately 90° and lo
gear I65, all as shown in Figs. 4, 5“, and 6“. The
cated in pairs in diametric registry with each 40 gear ratio is such that the clamping =roll11 will
other as shown in Fig. 2EL and ?xed in place in any
be given a half rotation for each quarter rotation
of the clamping roll I38. The aforesaid clamping
convenient manner as ‘by screws I42 as illus
trated in Fig. 1a. The roll I39 further comprises . rolls 11 and I38 are intermittently actuatedin
arcuate peripheral plates I43 extending from one
steps by suitable mechanism (see Figs. 4, 5a and
longitudinal edge of each member I“ and Mia
6B) which, in the illustrated example, comprises
toward the next succeeding member I4I“ and HI
an eccentric I66 mounted‘on the shaft I09 and
respectively, and terminating at a distance there
including an eccentric ring I61 from which a
member I69 projects radially outward and is
from to form' peripheral slots I144 as illustrated
in Fig. 28-, said slots I44 extending lengthwise of
pivotally connected at I69 with a rocking bracket
said roll I38 for the purpose to be more fully re 50 I10 loosely mounted on the shaft I39 of the clamp’
ing roll I30. A lever "I is adjustably fastened
ferred to hereinafter. The members MI and MI“
of the respective pairs are provided along one
by means of a screw and slot Hi“ to an associate
longitudinal edge with gripping members or gas
kets I45 and I45a respectively, of suitable mate
rialsecured in position in any convenient man
ner so as to extend lengthwise of the associated
slots I44. Cooperating pairs ‘of gripping or
clamping members I46 and I46a are located with
in said roll I38 for respective cooperation with
the gripping members or gaskets I45 and I45‘5
and preferably are grooved at their free ends as
’ lever I1Ib which-is keyed or otherwise ?xed on a
stud I12 rotatably mounted on the bracket I10.
The stud I12 also has rigidly connected there
‘ with a member I13 movable into and out of
notches I14 provided on the periphery of an op
erating disc I15 which is ?xed upon said shaft
I39. It will be noted that the operating disc I15
is provided with four notches I14 located approx
imately .90" apart on the periphery of said disc
I15, as shown'in Fig. 4. A toggle link I16 has
its one end pivotally connected with the lever HI
members I46 and I46a are secured respectively '
and its opposite end pivotally connected with an
upon rock shafts I49 and I 49a conveniently
mounted in the roll I38 and operatively controlled 65 arm I11 carried by stud I19 journalled in a brack
et I19 suitably vmounted on the frame I5. The
by any suitable means so ‘as to adjust the
stud I18 carries a second arm I80 which extends
grooved ends I41 of the members I46 and I4Ii§i of
each pair into and out of gripping or clamping . between opposed set screws I9I carried by a lever
relation with the gripping members or gaskets ' ‘ I62 which is loosely mounted on the stud I18 and
I45 and I45“ in inverse relation and in proper 70 at its freev end is provided with a roller I83 which
projects into the cam groove I94 on the cam I85
timing with the associated elements of the ma
mounted on the previously mentioned shaft I6'I.
chine. For instance, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12
and by dotted lines in Fig. 2‘,,the rock shafts I49
A stop pawl I81 is ?xed on thestucl I18 to rock
and I48“ are provided beyond one end of the roll
therewith. The clamping roller 11 is provided
I39 with arm I49 and I49‘ respectively, said arms 75 with a. disc I68 ?xed upon the trunnion 19 of said
indicated at I41.
The gripping or clamping
_
9
'
' 2,410,238
-
roll 11 and formed in its periphery with notches‘
I89 located approximately 180° apart as shown in
‘as illustrated in Fig. 14. A guide roll 201 is car'
ried by- a shaft 2018 rotatably mounted in the
members 205 and extends lengthwise of the top
roll I95 in spaced parallel relation thereto as.
shown in Fig. 13, said guide roll 201 being in
geared connection with the top roll I95 "by means
of gears I959 and 201b (see Fig. 19) secured re
with the cam groove of a cam I94 ?xed on the ~' spectively to the top roll I95 and the shaft 201“,
and intermediate meshing pinions I955 and 201°
shaft I09.
With this arrangement the eccentric I66 as it 10 rotatably mounted on one of the members 205 as
Fig. 4. A stop pawl I90 is arranged to cooperate \,
with the notches I89 to maintain the ‘clamping;
roll 11 in, its successive positions of rest and is car
ried by an arm I9I pivoted at I92 and carrying a
roller I93 at its free end in rolling engagement
is rotatably actuated will pivotally rockthe brack
et I10 and correspondingly actuate the lever I1 I.
At the same time and in proper synchronism
therewith the cam groove I84 in cooperation with
the roller I83 will pivotally operate the lever I82
and with 'it the arms I80 and I" to thereby
swing the lever I" on its pivot I12 and shift _
shown in Fig. 13. - The peripheral surface of
the roll I95 is corrugated or grooved for coopera
tion with a corresponding corrugated or grooved
bottom gripping roll 208 journalled in the hooked
ends of ‘rods 209 extending through and slidably
mounted in the shaft I96 and members 205. The
rods 209 are acted on by springs 2I0 in a manner
to maintain the gripping roll 208 in engagement
with the top roll I95. For the purpose of en
operating disc I15 will be rotatably actuated 20 abling the tension of the springs 2") to be ad
justed, the ends of the rods 209are screw
through 90° and at the same time the clamping
threaded for the reception of nuts 2I I which serve
roll 11 will be rotatably operated to approximately
as abutments for one of the ends of said springs
180'’ by the gearing I63, I64 and ‘I65. As the
2I0. An arm 2I2 is ?xed on'the shaft I96 and
projection I13 is moved into one notch I14, the
is connected by means of aconnecting rod 2I3
stop pawl I61 will be removed from anothernotch
with the previously mentioned arm I11. A seg
I16 and vice versa so that said stop pawl I81
mental plate 2I9 (see Fig. 2a,) is carried by shaft
will enter a notch I13 to temporarily ?x the
2 I5 suitably mounted in the machine in operative
clamping roll I38 in a position of rest. Coin~~ relation to the clamping roll’ I38 and to the de
cidentally with these operations and in proper
timing therewith the cam I94 in conjunction with 30 livery rolls I95 and 208. An inclined stationary
table 2 I6 is suitably mounte in the machine and
the roller I93 will swing the lever I9I to move
converges toward its exit nd 2H, and at its
the stop pawl I90 into the notches I89 of the
opposite end includes a downwardly inclined
disc I88 to thereby alternately release and lock
apron 2I8 which projects beneath the-roll 201.
the clamping roll 11 as will be apparent ‘from
Fig. 4. As the eccentric I66 and the cams I85 35 The exit or delivery end 2I1 of the table 2I6
is located in contiguous delivery relation to a
and I99 are rotatively actuated, the associated '
tubular guide 219 located on and carried by an
arms and levers referred to hereinbefore will op-.
auxiliary frame 220 ?xed on the main frame I5
erate to produce a counterclockwise rotation of
and provided with cooperating rollers 22I and
the clamping roll I38 extending over 90°, and a
corresponding coincidental counterclockwise ro 40 222 carried respectively by a'shaft 223 suitably
journalled in the auxiliary frame 220 and a shaft
tation of the clamping roll 11 extending over
229 journalled in boxes 226a slidably mounted in
for each complete revolution of the shaft
the auxiliary frame 220 and acted on by springs
229b to resiliently force the roller 222 toward the
In cooperative relation with the clamping roll
I38 the machine is provided with delivery means 45 roller 22I. The rollers 221 and 222 are located
in associated relation with. a discharge tube 225
whereby successivebeards a are advanced from
located above a suitable removable receptacle 226.
the clamping roll I38 and combined with preced
The rollers HI ‘and 222 are geared together by
ing beards ‘a to form a continuous ribbon of ?bers
pinions 228 and are driven by means of a gear
of varying thickness. In its illustrated form as
shown in Figs. 13 and 14, the delivery means 50 229 ?xed on thevshaft 223 and meshing with a
gear 230 fastened on the shaft 23I which is jour
comprises a top roll I95 loosely mounted on a rock
nalled in the auxiliary frame 220 as shown in
shaft I96 journalled in bearings I91 on the frame
Fig. 3. The shaft 23I carries a bevelled gear
I5. The roll I95 carries ratchet wheels I98 and
232 meshing with an associated bevelled gear
I99, the teeth of which face in opposite direc- '
tions and cooperate with stop pawls 200 and 201 55 233 ?xed upon an upright shaft 239 rotatably
mounted in a bearing 235 as illustrated in Fig. 2“.
respectively, conveniently mounted in the ma
At its lower end the shaft 234 carries a‘ pinion
chine and maintained in operative engagement
236 (see Fig. 4) which meshes with the teeth 231
with the respective ratchets by means of a spring
202. The ratchet wheel I99 preferably is remov- .‘ of the rotatable table or support 238 on which
ably ?xed 'in place and is replaceable by other so the receptacle 226 is supported and whereby said
receptacle 226 is rotated on its axis to coil the
ratchet wheels having teeth of varying number
ribbon of ?ber therein. The shaft 23I in addition
and sizes whereby the thickness of the aforesaid
carries a sprocket wheel 239 connected by means
ribbons of ?bers may be varied at will in the
'by means of a sprocket chain 240 with a sprocket
manner more fully set forth hereinafter. The
pawl 201 includes an integral member 203 ar 65 wheel 29I ?xed upon a shaft 242 rotatably mount
ed in bearings'203.
ranged to ride on the surface of the clamping
~ In addition to the parts so far described, ‘the
roller I38 which is provided at predetermined
machine includes a revolving‘ comber 236 (see
points with surface projections‘204 acting suc
Fig. 29) mounted on the shaft I6I in cooperative
cessively on the member 203' in a manner to
swing the pawl 2M out of engagement with the 70 relation with the clamping roll I38, this revolv
ing comber 293 being cleaned by means of a brush
_ teeth of the ratchet I99, as illustrated in- Fig. 2“.
' 295 ?xed on a shaft 246 suitably journalled in
As shown in Figs. 13 and 14, members or arms
brackets 286B- ?xed on the frame I5. The brush‘
205 are ?xed upon the shaft I96 by means'of
245 is located in operative relation to another
set screws 206 adjacent opposite ends of’ the top
the projection I13 into and out of the notches
I19. With the projection I13 in a notch I14 the
roll I95 andproject radially‘ from said shaft I96
brush 241, preferably‘ a steel brush, carried by
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