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Патент USA US2410743

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Nòv. 5, 1946.
w. J. PEARsoN
12 Sheets-Sheet l"
Filed March 5, 1943
Nov. 5, 1946.
uw. J. PEAR'soN
Filed lax-ch 5, 1943
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Patented Nov. 5,
Application March 5, 1943, Serial No. 478,157
33 Claims. '(Cl. 235-61)
This invention relates generally'to meter reg
istering and recording means for continuously
registering and periodically recording the con
taking into account the sliding scale charge rates
in eil’ect. The consumer can ,accordingly always
easily ‘ascertain the quantity of-energy consumed
sumption of and charge made for an energy or
since the last reckoning', and the cost thereof.
substance furnished by a utility company, such
v - Utility companies usually set a minimum charge
as electrical energy, gas or Water.
for each month’s service.
while the invention is particularly applicable in
connection with the furnishing of utility services,
and is hereinafter described illustratively in that
A further feature of
the invention is accordingly the provision of
means whereby the quantity registration and re
cordation mechanism is reset to zero, .but the
connection, it is not necessarily limited thereto, 10 cost registration and recordation mechanism is
reset to the minimum service charge, and remains
and may have wider application.
inactive until consumption kequivalent .to such
This present application is a continuation in
part of and substitution for my ~prior application
charge has occurred.
In accordance with the present invention, the
entitled “Meter recorder,” filed May 16, 1939,
Serial No. 273,981.
15 meter recorder is periodically operated by a meterv
As is well known, it is the common present » reader or operator, sent out by the utility com
pany, to print the bill for the preceding month’s
practice for a utility service company to send out
meter readers, who call once a month at 4each
service. This operation, as above indicated, not
only prints the bill, but resets the recorder.- Pref-`
. This reading is carried back to the oil‘lces of the 20 erably, and as provided in accordance with the
present invention, the bill is printed in triplicate,
company, the charge calculated, and the bill
mailed out. Owing to the sliding scale usually
so that two- copies may be left with the con
in effect, under which the rate of charge is re
sumer, one to be forwarded with his remittance,
duced one or more times for consumptions over
and the third turned in to the service company'
certain predetermined quantities, the labor in 25 by the operator.
consumer’s residence to take a meter reading.
Assuming for example. the case of a meter
volved in computation of the -bills alone is some
recorder in accordance with the invention
what substantial. That, together with the labor
adapted for use ín connection> with a kilowatt
of printing the bills and mailing them out,
hour meter, a mechanismv is provided adapted to
amounts in the aggregate to a relatively heavy
burden. It has been recognized a long while by 30 be driven ahead in successive impulses in ac
utility companies that great savings would be
cordance with selected units of consumption, for
instance, a tenth òf a kilowatt. This mechanism
effected by the provision of a suitable meter re
4includes visible and printing countersfdirectly
corder which would both calculate and print the
consumer’s bill at his premises. The problem of
advanced in accordance with the occurrence of
providing such a recorder, however, involves very 35 such impulses, one step for each impulse. The
mechanism also `includes visible and printing
great difliculties, as there are many complicat
ing factors to be taken into account. .
price counters, and a plurality of rate‘determin
The general object of the present invention is
ing means, one for each rate to be in eii’ect, and
accordingly to provide a meter recorder of good
driven at different rates by said impulses. _These
mechanical design Acapable of computing costs on 40 rate determining means are successively placed
in effect to cause operation of the price counters
‘a sliding scale basis and of periodically printing
a bill.
at different rates of accumulation. These rate
determining means preferably comprise rotating
Conventional meters register total consumption
elements, such as cams, adapted to be rotated
since Athe date of installation of the meter, and a
given reading must always be subtracted from4 a
previous reading to obtain the total for the peri
od. This involves several evident disadvantages,
-through different angular extents upon the oc
currence of each impulse. The cams are placed
in effect one after another, and are determm
ative of the rates of accumulating charge with
including the disadvantage to the consumer that
accumulative energy consumption.l The iirst
hercannot easily ascertain the quantity of elec
tricity, for example; that he using.
`50 -cam to go into effect of course sets the highest
A feature of the present invention is the Ípro
rate of charge, and succeeding cams successively
`vision of a meter recorder designed to be reset ~
lower the charge rate. In a first phase of oper
to> zero at the time each bill is printed, andv
ation, the recorder having been reset to zero vcon- ’
also the provision of visible registers. showing the
sumption, and to a minimum service charge, none
total consumption since resetting, and the cost, 55 of the cams are in effect. The throwing of the
scriptìon and illustration oi.' certain present illus
ñrst cam into elîect, and the succeeding changes
trative embodiments of a meter recorder designed
from cam to cam, are accomplished at proper
for the particular purpose of use in conjunction
times by. a special rate 'change means >preferably
with a conventional kilowatt hour meter. From
controlled by one of the energy consumption
Cl such disclosure the full scope of the invention i
may be gathered; it being evident that the in
The invention, as well as various objects and
vention may be redesigned in such manner that
accomplishments not mentionedin the foregoing,
the kilowatt hour meter and meter recorder form
will be better understood by referring now to the
'one instrument, and it being further evident that
following detailed description of certain present
illustrative embodiments thereof, reference for 10 by the provision of suitably modiiled actuating
means, the meter recorder of the invention may ‘
this purpose being hadA to the accompanying
drawings, in which:
be used inconjunction with gas or water meters, ,
` or in other analogous uses. For convenience of
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the meter re
corder of the invention;
understanding, the meter recorder may be sub
divided in description into certain components
under appropriate subheadings, though the de
Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view illustrating theV
relation between the meter recorder of the pres
ent invention and the rotor of a conventional
kilowatt hour meter;
’ scriptions thereunder are necessarily somewhat
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the meter re
corder with the front cover removed, and with 20
some parts broken away, to reveal 'underlying
Ac'tuating means
A typical actuating means in accordance with
the invention will first be described. In Fig. 2,
the rotor of a conventional -irilowatt hour meter
is indicated diagrammatically at R, and this ro
Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the meter recorder,
being a view taken as indicated by broken line
4_4 of Fig. 3;
IO Ul tor is shown as rotating a sl‘iai‘t 30 at the upper
Fig. 5 is a section taken on line 5_5 of Fig. 3,
end of which is a worm 3 l. The worm 3| meshes
with a worm wheel »l2 upon a shaft 33, on which
is mounted a switch actuating cam 34. The
, certain- parts being broken away;
Fig. 5a is a view showing certain parts of Fig. 5
in another operating position;
shafts 3U and 33 will be understood to be mount
Fig. 6 is a detail section taken on line 6--6 of 30 ed for rotation in any suitable bearings, not illus
Fig. 3;
trated, and it 'will be understood that the rate of
rotation of rotor R, and of shafts 3l] and 33, is
of Fig. 3;
in proportion to consumption of electrical energy.
Fig. 81s a view showing certain operative parts
Cam 34 has a lobe 35 adapted to alternately close
35 a pair of normally open switches S1 and Sz, which
of Fig. 'l in an alternative position;
Fig. 9 is another view showing certain operative
are positioned in 180° opposition with reference
parts of Fig. ’l in another operating position;
to the cam. In the position shown in Fig. 2, lthe
Fig. 9a is a detail> view of a trip lever and
movable -arm of switch Si :is being engaged by
cam lobe 35 and so held in closed position, while
Fig. 10 is a top plan view of the meter recorder, 40 Ithe movable arm of switch §52 is in open position.
certain parts being broken' away, and certain
It will be understood that when cam 3d has ro
underlying parts being omitted;
tated through 180°, switch En will be open and
Fig. 11 is a cross-section on line iI-II of Fig.
switch S2 will be closed. The two movable or
Fig. 'I is a section taken on broken line 'i-Ji
Fig. 12 is a view similar to Fig. 11, but show
ing another operating position;
cam operated arms of switches Si and S2 are oon
4 nected by lead 36 to one side of the line, which
Fig. 13 is an enlarged and partially broken
may be the usual 110 volt A.. C. supply circuit.
The switches Si and S2 and their actuating cam
away front elevational view .of the upper portion
34 as well as shaft 33 and gears 3i and 32 are
of the meter recorder, being similar to a portion
preferably installed inside the housing of the
of Fig. 3, but showing an alternative operating 50 kilowatt hour meter, and are constructed ‘to such
‘ scale that no change or enlargement of the meter
Fig. 13a is a, detail section on line |3a--I3a of
Fig. 13;
Fig. 13h15 a detac section on une lso-_lab of ,
Fig. 13;
Fig. 14 is a section taken on line Il-H of
Fig. 13;
housing is required. The worm 3l and worm
wheel 32 are preferably so designed that a con-tact will be made at either switch S1 or S2 for
55 every tenth of a kilowatt hour registered by the
kilowatt hour meter.
The two outside or stationary arms of switches'
Fig. 15 is a detail section taken in accordance
S1 and S2 are connected by leads 31 and 38,
with line |5--I5 of Fig. 13;
respectively, to the two stationary, outside arms
Fig. 16 is a cross-section taken on line iE--IS 60. of a pair of normally open switches S3 and S4
of Fig. 15;
located within the later described meter recorder
Fig, 17 is a section on broken line i'i--I‘i of
housing. The two inside or movable arms of
Fig. 3:
Fig. 18 is á. section on‘line I8--i8 of Fig. 17;
switches S3 and S4 are on opposite sides of a cam
IIJ, driven as later described from an electric motor
19 is a view on brokenline |9--i9 of Fig. 3;
20 is a section on line 2li-20 of Fig. 19;
21 is a section on line 2i--2i of Fig. 20;
22 is a section on linen-22 of Fig. 5;
55 M, also located within the meter recorder hous
ing. Cam 4D has a surface 4I of uniform radius
and of at least 180° in circumferential extension
adapted to _ engage the two movable arms of
switches Saand S4 and to hold said arms in closed
Fig. 24 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but showing 70 position. At the 'end of this cam'surface 4| is a
Fig. 23 is a sectionon line 23-«23 of Fig. 22;
an alternative form of the invention; and
Fig. 25 is a view showing an illustrative elec
trical circuit adapted for the modification of
Fig’. 24.
shoulder 42 adapted to permit the movable
switch arms to move towards the center of the
cam to open the switches, and shoulder 42 is
. _ connected with the other or forward end of cam
s The invention will be disclosed through dc-V 75 surface 4i by a surface 43 of gradually increasing
6 ,
radius. , The two movable or cam actuated arms
from panel F near the lower edge of the latter.
of switches S3 and S4 are connected by lead 45 to
one side of motor M and the other side of said
motor is connected to line, as indicated. The
actuating means may be considered as also'in
The shaft 56 of motor M carries Aa spur gear 51,
.which meshes with a spur gear 58, of twice the
diameter as gear 51 (Figs. 4 and '1). Gear 58
is supported for rotation in any suitable manner,
as for instance by means of a stub shaft 59 (Fig.
7) suitably journaled in a bearing, not shown,
cluding certain later-described gear operated by'
" - -
the motor M.
/Operation of the actuating means is as follows:
carried -by a bracket 60 projecting from frame '
electrical energy being consumed, rotor R of the
panel F. The cam 40 is secured to one face of this
kilowatt/hour meter is in rotation at a ,rate of 10 gear 58. The switches Ss and S4 are carried by an
speed governed by the rate of energy consumption,
insulation block 64 mounted on a bracket 65 pro
Jecting from panel F. Motor shaft y' also car
and, as explained above, cam 34 rotates at such
speed that switches S1 and S2 are alternately
ries, outside of gear 51, an eccentri 66 around ,
closed, one switch closure occurring for each 10th
which is an eccentric strap 61 to which is con
of a kilowattv hour of electrical energy consumed. 15. nected a push rod 68.
Assume-first cam 40 to be intheposition indicated
Gear 58 being twice the diameter of gear 51, the
in dotted lines, so that switch S4 'would then be in
motor shaft and gear 51, as well as eccentric 66,
open position and switch S3 in closed position.
make one complete revolution for each half
Then, as cam' 34 closes switch S1, a circuit is .com
revolution of gear 58 and cam 40. The relations
pleted from the line Via lead 36 to switch/Sr, 20 are made such that'when cam shoulder 42 passes
thence vía lead 31 to switch S3, and from switch?l ?, and opens either switch S3 or S4, thereby arresting»
Sa via lead 45 to motor M, and so back to the other " the rotation of motor M, eccentric 66 and push rod
side of the line. Motor M will then be energized,
68 are at the top of their stroke, as in Fig. '1.
and will drive cam 40 in the direction of the
It will be evident, therefore, that for each tenth
arrow. In the position shown in full lines in Fig. 25 kilowatt'hour of electrical energy consumed, push
rod 68> will travel through one complete down'
2, cam 40 has rotated nearly 180° from the dotted
line starting position, and has moved the movable
and up reciprocation.
arm ofv switch S4 to closed position, while its
Visible kizoùiátt haar register
shoulder 42 is about to move past the movable
arm of switch S3 and so permit the latter to open.
‘ This last~ will occur when cam 40 has moved
The upper end of push rodI 68 isplvotally con
nected to a gear segment 1_8 pivotally mounted f '/
exactly 180° from its starting position, and at
such time switch S3 will be open and switch S4
on one end portion of a horizontal shaft 11|/which
closed. , The circuit to motor M is then opened,
is rotatably supported in 'bearings 12 formedon
whereupony the motor is deenergized and stops. `
tion of bracket 13a, as clearly appears in Fig. 10.
since, although switch S4 is closed, switch Sz re 35 a pair of brackets 13a and 13b projecting from
panel F (see Fig. 10). Gear segment 10 meshes
mains open. In subsequent rotation of meter
with and reciprocates a gear segment 15_which
driven cam 34, switch Si will be open and switch
is keyed to a sleeve 16 (Fig. 10) `mounted for
S2 closed, whereupon motor M will be energized
free rotation on a horzontal shaft” 11 extending
through switch S4 and cam 40 will rotate through
180° Aand then stop, as before.. Thus, foreach 40 through the outer end portions of the afore
mentioned brackets 13a and 13b, sleeve 16 be
closure of switches Si and S2, motor M is energized
and vdrives cam 40 through a half-revolution,` > ing provided with bearing in the outer end por
Welded or otherwise joined to sleeve 16 imme
This periodic operatìonof the motor is utilized
_to reciprocate certain later described members to 45 diately inside bracket 13a, is one arm 19 of a
yoke 80, said arm 19 being rotatable on shaft 11,
actuate the meter recorder.
may be built in as an auxiliary attachment to or r
and the other arm 8| of the yoke likewise being
rotatable on shaft 11 at a point immediately in
side the other bracket 13b (Figs. 10 and 13).This yoke 80 thus makes a rotative reciproca
tion (down and up) on shaft 11 with each re
part of the conventional kilowatt hour meter, or
ciprocation of push rod 68, being so operated by
~Meter- recorder housing and framework
As mentioned heretofore, the meter recorder
’ it may, as here indicated, be provided as a separate
unit in a separate housing.
As h'ere illustrated
(Figs. 1 and 5) , vthe meter recorder housing com
prises-av casing C bolted to a vertical back frame
or panel F Which supports the operating parts
through suitable brackets secured to and project
ing forwardlytherefrom. Casing C embodies an
upper vertically disposed front wall portion C1
provided with upper and lower windows> 50 and 5|
the meshing gear segments 104 and 15.
Mounted `between the arms 19 and 8| of yoke
89 -is what I may term a multiple pawl 85, the
c' La latter comprising a bar 86 having pawl teeth 81,
88, 89, 90 and 9| mounted thereon at graduated
angles or angular positions, the teeth and bar
comprising an integral structure (Figs. 10 and
1l. The angular separation of the pawl teeth
is such that but one is operative to drive the
through which the later-described kilowatt hour
later-described counter wheels at a time, as
and price registers or counters are visible. Wall
portion C1 merges with a forwardly extending wall
portion C2, which in turn merges with a- lower
will appear. The end portions of bar 86 are piv
otally mounted in yoke arms 19 and 8|', in the
, manner indicated in Fig. 10.
vertically disposed front wall portion C3 located 65
These pawls are longitudinally spaced on the _
somewhat forwardly of wall portion C1, and this
bar 80 so that they engage toothed discs 93, 94,
lower front wall portion C3 merges with the hori
95, 96 and _91 which are riveted or otherwise se
zontal bottom wall C4 of the casing. Horizontal
cured to respective counter wheels 93', 94',- 95',
casing wall portions Cz and C4 are provided with
96’ and 91’ of a visible kilowatt hour register or
vertically aligned slots 52 and 53, through which 70 counter 98, said wheels being rotatably mounted
the later described bill to be printed is inserted
and longitudinally spaced on the aforementioned
and removed.
shaft 11 (Figs. 10 to 1.3). Each digital counter
The previously mentioned electric motor M isI
wheel contains circumferentially spaced nu
. here shown as mounted in the bottom of casing C
merals from 0 to 9, and each toothed disc has a
(Fig. 7) , as for example on a bracket 56 _projecting 75 tooth |00 corresponding to each numeral. Each
2,410,743 -V
toothed disc has, between two of the teeth |00,
a relatively deep notch IOI adapted to receive
the corresponding pawl tooth, for a purpose and
wheel 93’ registers tenths of a kilowatt hour,
in a manner presently to appear.
and so on. Thus the total capacity of the counter
>As mentioned above, the counter wheels are
independently mounted for free »rotation on the
is 9,999.9 kilowatt hours.
counter wheel 94’ registers unit kilowatt hours,
counter wheel 95’ registers tens of kilowatt hours,
shaft 11, which is stationary excepting during
v Printing kilowatt hour counter
The printing kilowatt hour counter designated
resetting, and rotation of the counter wheels in
generally by numeral ||0 (see Fig. 3), embodies
a direction reverse to that imparted by the pawl
teeth is prevented by a spring actuated detent 10 a series of type wheels |||, ||2, ||3, ||4 and IIB,
corresponding respectively to Visible counter
|02 engageable with successive teeth |00, as seen
wheels 93', 94', et seq., rotatably supported on a
best in Figs. 11 and 12. A coil spring |04 wound
rotatable horizontal shaft ||6 (see also Figs. 5,
around bar B8 of multiple pawl 95 is anchored at
22 and 23), arranged in the lower portion of
one end ltothe yoke and the other end to one of
the pawls, as B1 (see Fig. 11), and serves to urge 15 casing C, somewhat forwardly of visible counter
wheel shaft 11. The type counter wheels ||, ||2,
the multiple pawl into engagement with the
et seq., are arranged on their shaft I|6 in re
toothed discs.
versed order from the corresponding counter
Assuming all the counter wheels to be set to
wheels 93', 94', et seq., and the numerals thereon
read “0,” as in Fig. 3,y the first reciprocation of
yoke 80 brings first pawl tooth 81 into engage 20 are reversed right for left, as is required for
printing. Further, the type wheel i || at the left
, ment with the nearest tooth |00 on first toothed
end of the series is provided with decimal points
disc 93, moving first counter wheel 93’ in the
which will print to the left of the numerals of
direction of the arrow in Fig. 11 through a dis
that wheel. The shaft | I6 is journalled near one
tance corresponding to the spacing of the teeth
|00, and thereby moving numeral 1 into position 25 end in a sleeve 60a (Fig. 22), which is in turn
rotatably supported in a bearing 60h formed on
before the window 50. The counter starting at
0, the toothed discs 93 will initially be in the ' the outer end of the aforementioned bracket 60,
and near its other end, shaft |16 is journalled in
position oi’ Fig. 11, with the pawl teeth ready
a bearing ||1a formed on the outer end of a
to engage the ñrst tooth |00 in back of notch
bracket ||1 extending from frame panel F. In
|0|. Successive energizations of motor M
through the means described then cause succes
sive actuations of toothed disc 93 and counter
wheel 93' by pawl tooth 81, causing succeeding
tegral with sleeve 60a and projecting outwardly
therefrom is a stub shaft 60e (Fig. 22) by which
said sleeve may be rotated to reciprocate a later
described counter actuating yoke.
The type wheels |||, ||2, etc., have secured to
into position until the numeral 9 is passed, 35
whereuponpawl tooth 91 drops into V-shaped
their sides toothed disc |||', ||2’, etc., similar to
the toothed discs 93, 94, etc., associated with the
notch |0| in di-sc 93, the Whole multiple pawl
visible counter wheels. As appears in Fig. 3, the
structure swinging closer to the counter Wheels.
Thereupon second pawl tooth 88 engages the
printing kilowatt hour wheels |||,- l i2, etc., are
toothed disc 94 associated with second counter 40 arranged in closely spaced relation on the right
hand end portion of the shaft 4l I6, just inside the
> wheel 94’. On the next reciprocation of yoke 80,
bracket H1, a later described price printing
ñrst toothed disc 93 will again be advanced, pawl
counter being positioned on the left hand portion
tooth 91 acting thereon within the notch |0|,
numbers on the counter wheel 93’ to be moved up
`while at the same time, second pawl 88 engages
the ñrst tooth |00 of second toothed disc 94 and
advances the latter and its counter wheel 94' one
step. First toothed disc 93 and associated coun
ter wheel 93' are then back in the zero'position
of said shaft.
Printing kilowatt hour counter |10 is operated
by a yoke |20 (Figs. 5 and 22) similar to the yoke
80 of the visible counter, and which has yoke
arms surrounding the shaft IIB at the two ends
of Fig. 11, while second toothed disc 94 andits
of the counter ||0, as will be understood. This
counterwheel 94' have been advanced so that 50 yoke |20 will be understood to carry a multiple
numeral 1 is now in position. In other words,
pawl |2| (Fig. 22), understood to be similar to
the counter now registers 00010. The multiple
the multiple’pawl 95 carried by the yoke 80 in
pawl 85 is also back in the position of Fig. 11. It
all respects, excepting that the order of the pawl
will thus be evident that each time first counter
teeth is reversed to correspond with the right for
wheel 93’ moves from the 9 position to the 0 po 55 left reversal of the printing type wheels.
sition, second counter wheel 94’ is advanced one
A link |24 is pivotally connected at its upper
step. And it will be further evident that as sec
and lower ends to extensions |25 and |29 from
ond counter wheel 94' is ñnally advanced from
yokes 80 and l2, respectively, and causes the
the 9 position to 0 position, the second pawl 88
printing kilowatt hour counter to be actuatedv
will at such time be working within the notch |0| 60 simultaneously with the actuation of ‘the visible
in second toothed disc 94, permitting third pawl
kilowatt hour register, it being of course under
99 to engage the'toothed disc associated with the
stood that the printing kilowatt hour counter
third counter wheel, thus vadvancing the latter
||0 is operated by the yoke |20 in a manner ex
one step. Fig. 12 shows a typical position in
actly analogous to the operation of the visible
which the ilrst four pawls have dropped within 65 kilowatt-hour counter' wheels by the yoke 90.
the respective V-notches, bringing ñfth pawl 9|
It will thus be seen that the visible kilowatt
into position to engage fifth toothed disc 91. Thus
hour register is actuated by intermittent ener
each time each counter wheel moves through
gization' of the motor M through >gear segments
the last step to complete a revolutionl and comes
10 and 15 in cooperation with yoke 90, multiple
back to zero, the next counter wheel in the series '
is advanced one step. Operation of the counter
is thus progressive in multiple counts of ten.
Since each venergi’zation of motor M effecting
a reciprocation of yoke 00 corresponds with con
-sumption of one-tenth o_f a kilowatt hour, counter 75
pawl 85, and toothed discs93, et seq., and visibly
registers current consumption in terms of kilo
watt hours and' tenths, while through link |24
a similar mechanism embodying printing type
wheels containing type numerals' corresponding to
the visible numerals of the visible counter il
simultaneously operated to register the identical
wheel |18 secured to the shaft 1| as by set screw
|19 (Figs. 'l and l0) so that rotation of ratchet
wheel |18 imparts rotation to shaft 1 I, it being re
information in the form of type presented in a
common plane for printing operations. .
called that gear segment -10 is rotatable on said
shaft. A spring actuated detent |80 engages the
teeth of ratchet wheel |18 to prevent reverse ro
tation. There are ten teeth on the ratchet wheel,
and each energization of motor M, and conse
Visible and printing price counters
Rotatably mounted on a horizontal shaft |30,
located below and parallel to visible kilowatt hour
counter wheel shaft -11,` are the counter wheels
|3|, |32, |33 and |34 of a visible price or value
quent down-and-up reciprocation of push rod
counter or register |35 (Figs. 3 and 13). The 10 68, moves ratchet wheel |18 one tooth or one
shaft |30 for this counter or register |35 is jour
tenth of a revolution. The actual travel> of the
nalled near one end in a bearing |36 formed in
pawl |16 is made preferably` slightly more than
a bracket |31 extending from panel F, and is
one-tenth of a revolution in order to assure
journalled at its other end within a sleeve |38
proper cooperation with the ratchet wheel. The
which is in turn journalled in a bearing |39 15 shaft 1| is thus rotated one-tenth of a revolution
formed on a second bracket |49 extending from
for each tenth of a kilowatt hour consumed, and
panel F, all as clearly appearing in Figs. 13 and
accordingly completes one revolution for each
14. Secured to the sides of counter wheels i30
kilowatt hour. - Driven from this common shaft
to |33 are toothed discs |4i, which are identical
1| is a plurality of rotatable actuating elements
. in design and function to the toothed discs 93, et 20 for the price counters |35 and |50, said elements
seq., and which will be understood to be operated
being, for instance, in the form of cams of dif
by a yoke and multiple pawl assembly, fragmen
ferential frequency; for instance, they may be
tarily appearing at |42 in Fig. 13, and understood
driven at different rates of rotation. Selector
to be similar in design and function to the yoke
mechanism is provided whereby these actuating
80 and multiple pawl 85. These parts having 25 elements are selected in succession, one at a time,
been already detailed in Figs. 11 and 12, no _fur
and rendered effective to actuate the counters
ther illustration- thereof is deemed necessary.
|35 and |50. The operation of the selector mech
The two arms |43 and |44 of this actuating yoke
anism is preferably under the control of the visi
|42 are indicated in Fig. 13 as surrounding the
ble kilowatt hour counter. It should here be men
shaft |30 at the two ends of the counter |35, 30 tioned, however, that in fulgñlling this control
the arm |43 being secured, as by welding, to the
function, the kilowatt hour coI ter need not nec
end of the sleeve |38 previously described as ro
`essarily be of a type from hich the kilowatts
tatably mounted in bearing |39.
consumed may be read or printed. It is sufficient,
On the left hand portion of shaft y| |6, immedi
in this aspect of the invention, if said counter
ately to the right of bracket 60, as viewed in Figs. 35 merely travels proportionately to kilowatt -hours
3 and 22, is a printing price counter |50, com
consumed, and be adapted for performance of the
prising a seriesof type wheels |5l, |52, |53, and
control function to be described. The price coun
|54, each provided with a toothed disc |55, like
ter actuating mechanism and selector` mechanism
the toothed disc 93, et seq., of the visible kilo
will now be described in more detail.
_ watt hour- counter previously described.
Without 40
going into particular detail in the description of
the printing price counter |50, it will suffice to
note that the printing price counter |50 bears the
_ On shaft 1| is secured a plurality of gears |90,
|`9|, |92, and |93 (Fig. 10), of progressively de
creasing diameters, which operate through pres- '
ently described gear trains of different driving f.
same structural and functional relationships to
the visible price counter |35 that the kilowatt
hour printing register ||0 bears to the visible
ratios to impart simultaneous but diiîerential ro
tation to respective cams |94, |95, |96 and |91
(Figs. 5 and 14), mounted for free rotation on a '
kilowatt hour register, and is operated through
fixed horizontal shaft 200. ‘
the medium of a yoke |56 and multiple pawl |51
The shaft 200 is supported in the aforemen
(Figs. 22 and 23) similar to theyoke and mul
tioned frame brackets |31 and |40 and in a third.
tiple pawl of the printing kilowatt hour counter 50 frame bracket 20| spaced horizontally vfrom
l l0. One arm of the yoke |56 is secured to the
bracket |40 (Fig. 14). Rigidly attached to each
sleeve 60a, and the yoke is'reciprocated by rota
cam, and rotatable on the shaft 200 with the
tion of the stub shaft 60e integral with said sleeve.
Mounted on the top and on the bottom of the
cam, is a spur gearl205, the gears 205 being in
alignment with respective gears |90' to |93 on
forward end portions of brackets 60 and ||1 and
55 shaft 1|.
The gears |90 to |93 drive the respec
tive cam gears 205 through gear trains compris
ing pairs of idler gears 206 and 201 rotatably
mounted on carrying arms 208 clamped to the
fixed shaft 200, the idlers 206 meshing with the
drive gears on shaft 1|, and the idlers 201 mesh
ing with the cam gears 205, all as will be readilyl
understood from an inspection of Figs. 5, 10
extending horizontally therebetween are frame
members | 60 and | 6| , respectively, and secured to
and extending vertically between the latter, at
the inner or adjacent ends of the two printing
counters ||0 and |50, are-Vertical walls |62 and
|63, respectively, -carrying intermediate bearings
_|64 and |65 for shaft H6.'
Rate changing mechanism
rived from the same impulses which actuate the
visible kilowatt hour register, and takes place
through a computing mechanism which automati-
cally varies the rate of charge at predetermined
totals of electrical energy consumed.
The aforementioned gear segment 10 recipro
cated by push rod 68 carries a pin |15 on which is
The gear ratios of the-'cam driving gear trains
Actuation of the visible price register or counter `
|35- and of the printing price counter |50 is de
are so fixed that each cam makes one revolution
for each one-cent’s worth of _electrical energy
consumed at the various charge rates to be put
in effect. 'I'hus the gear train |90, 206, 201 and
4.4 revolutions to the cam |94 for
1 70 every ten reciprocations of the actuating push
rod- |24. .In other words, cam |94 rotates through
4.4 revolutions for each kilowatt hour of eleo
> _ trical energy consumed, 4.4 revolutions of _the
cam 94 corresponding with a. charge of 4.4 cents,
pawl into engagement with the teeth of a ratchet 75 in accordance with the maximum domestic charge
' pivoted a pawl |16, and a. spring |11 urges this
rate assumed. Gear train |9I, 206, 201 and 205
sleeve 225a to which, the crank is secured, are
drives cam |95 at a rate of 2.2 revolutions for
each ten reciprocations of the actuating push rod
|24, or one kilowatt hour. Gear .train |92, 206,
oscillated with the movement of the lever as its
cam follower roller 240 is actuated by the asso
ciated cam. This oscillation of the sleeve 225a
201 and 205 drives cam |96 at a rate of 1.5 revo
is translated into operation of the visible price
lutions for each kilowatt hour consumed, and
gear train |93, 206, 201 and 205 drives cam |91 at
counter |35 in a manner to be presently described.
consumed. The last three rates accord with typi
cal decreasing domestic rates applicable-to in
creased current consumption. The typical rates
Normally, the lever 230 is latched by the other
arm 263 of the two-armed pawl 245 in a’posi
tion (See Fig. '7) in which its cam follower roller
240 is out of the path of the associated cam,
the other arm 266 of the two-armed pawl being
assumed are as follows: The first thirty-live kilo<
Watts at 6.044 per kilowatt hour; the next sixty- `
a rate of 1.25 revolutions for each kilowatt hour
at such time out of engagement with crank pin
ilve kilowatts at $.022; the next one hundred at
6.015; and all in excess at 9.0125. It may be men
tioned at this point that the machine may readily
The means on which the pawl arms 268 are
the several cams are selectively rendered effective
purpose and in a manner hereinafter explained,
latched to hold the levers 230, et seq., out of op«
erative engagement with their respective cams
comprises a two-part horizontally shiftable rate
be changed to accord with different rates simplyÍ
changing device 215 embodying a channel-'shaped
by changing the gears |90 to |93 and idlers work
bar 216 and a flat plate or blade l211 received and
ing therewith.
Thus all of the cams |94 to |91 `are intermit 20 vertically movable in the channel 218 of said bar,
the channel 219 opening through the upper edge
tently rotated, simultaneously, but at different
of bar 216, as illustrated in Figs. 13 and 13a. The
rates of speed. Only one cam at a time, however,
channel-shaped bar 216 and blade 211 move ion»
is eil’ective in causing operation of the visible and
gitudinally as a unit in guides 219a and 219b for a
printing price counters. The means by which
and the blade is urged vertically away from the
bar 216`by coil springs 280 confined in spring bar
next be described.
rels 28| secured to opposite ends of bar 216. The
A horizontal shaft 225 arranged coaxially with
lower edge of the bar 216 is wedge-shaped, as ap
visible price counter shaft |30 (Fig. 13) is re
ceived at one end within the sleeve |33 hereto 30 pears in Figs. 5 and 13a, and the angular surface
233 so provided is adapted to be engaged by the
fore described as journaled in bearing |39, and
end 264 of the pawl arm 268 as said pawl arm is
said shaft 225 is journaled at its other end in a
moved against it, in such a manner as to depress
bearing 226 formed at the forward end of the
the pawl arm against its spring 246 and thus peraforementioned bracket 20|.' The end of the shaft
mit the pawl yarm to move under and engage- in
225 received within sleeve |36 carries a trans
back oi the bar 216 (see the dotted line and iuii
verse pin 221 which engages in a slot 228 in sleeve
line positions of the pawl in Fig. 13h).
|38. It being recalled that sleeve |36 is joined to
The lower edge portion of bar 216 is formed
the multiple pawl carrying yoke |112 of the visible
with a plurality of slots or notches 290, 29i, 292
price counter, it will be evident that oscillation of
the shaft 225 will effect operation of said counter. 40 and 293, spaced and adapted, upon horizontal
movement of the bar 216 in the direction of the
Rotatable on shaft 225, and extending from
arrow in Fig. 13, to register successively with the
bearing |39 to bearing 226, is a sleeve 225a, and
several pawl arms 266. In the movement of the
mounted for independent free rotation on sleeve
bar 216 from left to right (position of Fig. 3 to
225a is a series of cam actuated levers 230, 23|,
position of Fig. 13), the right hand pawl 268 reg»
232 and 233, one for each of the» cams |94, et
isters first with the notch 290, the second pawl
seq. These levers are identical, and a descrip
263 registers next with the notch 29|, and so on.
tion of one will sumce. The lever carries at its
Fig. 3 shows the beginning position, immediately
upper end a cam follower roller 240 adapted to
after resetting, in which first notch 290 is still to
engage the edge of the associated cam. A spring '
24| secured to a tail piece 242 projecting from 50 the left of first pawl arm 263. It will be evident
that as each notch 290, 29|, etc., registers with
the hub of the lever urges the follower roller 240
the corresponding pawl arm' 263, said pawl arm
into engagement with the cam. V Pivotally mount
becomes released from the bar 216, and is per
ed on the lever, as at 243, is a double armed pawl
mitted to pass through the notch, the lever car
245, which is yieldlngly urged in a counterclock
wise direction as seen in Figs. 4 and 5 by means 55 rying the pawl at the same time advancing under
the influence of its spring 24| to bring its cam
of a spring 246, as clearly indicated in Fig. 5.
follower roller 240 into operative association with
Also mounted on the sleeve 225a, but tightly
the corresponding cam.
secured thereon, is a series of cranks 260, 26|,
'I'he lower edge of blade 211 has, in line with
232 and 263, one for and adjacent to each of the
levers 230, et seq. Reciprocation of any of these 60 the notches 290, 29|, etc., downwardly extending
v and outwardly displaced lugs 296 (see Fig. 5), the
cranks will cause corresponding oscillation of the
outer faces of which are precisely flush with the
sleeve 225a.
outer face of bar 216. The lower edges of these
' As will be clear from an inspection of Figs. 5
and 13, the crank associated with each of` the » lugs normally, that is, when the blade is in its up
- levers is on one side of the lever, while the two 65 permost position, clear the path of the pawl arms
268, but when the blade is depressed in the chan
armed pawl 245 carried by said lever is on the
to accomplish operation of the price counters will
I other s_ide thereof; also as clearly shown in said
nel in bar 216, in a manner later to be 'described
(see Fig. 13b), these lugs close the notches in the
figures, the end portion of the crank carries a
bar. As here shown, the lugs 296 are provided at
pin 235 which projects under the lever and is
adapted to be engaged and moved by the lower 70 the back with lugs 291, which serve to fill the
lower portions of the notches to the rear of the
edge of the lever, and is also adapted to be en
lugs 293 when the blade is depressed, and which
gaged and held against the lever bv> the pawl
also, together with the lugs 296, serve to lock the
233 forming one arm of the- two-armed pawl
blade and bar 216 against relative longitudinal
245. 'I‘he pawl arm 263 being so engaged with
_ the crank pin 265, the crank, and therefore _the 75 displacement (Fig. 13b) .
As stated above, the beginning position of the
engages over the end portion of arm 322 of bell
bar 216 and the blade 211 is as shown in Fig. 3,
and it will be observed that the several notches
crank 323 (Figf 7), the latter being pivotally
290, 29|, etc. are displaced by progressively in- '
ing plate 325 which is tightly mounted on the ex
tremity of shaft 225. 'I'he other arm 326 of bell
crank 324 carries a pin 321 which projects
through an arcuate slot 328 in plate 325. Bell
crank 323 is vnormally urged tothe relative posi
mounted at 324 on the inner face of an oscillat- 1
creased distances to the left of the corresponding -
pawl arms 268. And in such position, all of said
pawl arms are latched on the bar 216, so that the
levers 230, 23|, etc., carrying the pawl arms 268 1
are all supported with their cam follower rollers
tion shown in Fig. 8 by means of a spring 330 con
240 out of the paths ofthe cams, as in Figs. 10 nected between it and the plate 325, its pin 321
4 and 14. Under the control of means subse
at' such time being at the left-hand end of slot
quently to be described, the bar 216 and- blade
2,11 are shifted at predetermined totals of elec
trical energy consumed to bring the notches 290,
29|, etc., into successive register with the several
pawls 268, whereby said pawls are released one
at a time by said bar and travel through the
notches to -permit the corresponding cam lever
to bring its cam follower roller 240 into operative
association with the corresponding cam.
The several cams |94, |95, |96 and |91 are all
of the same shape, and a description of the cam
|94 appearing in Fig. 5 will suiïice for all. As will
be seen in Fig. 5, the camhas a portion 30| of
328', as viewed in the aspect of Figs. 7 and 8. In
the position of Fig. 7, the bell crank 323 is being4
held, against the iniiuence of spring 330, in posi
tion with its pin" 321 at the other or right 4hand
end of slot 328 by the lug 32| of trip lever 3|1,
which lug at such time overrides the arm 3220i/
bell crank and holds the latter in such position
against its spring 330.
The upper arm 320 of trip lever 3|1 has a pin " /
335 which projects through an arcuate slot 336 in
bracket 3|9, and a coil spring 331 connected be
tween said pin 335 and bracket 3|9 yieldingly
urges the trip lever toward the position illustrated
rapidly increasing radius, and a substantially
in Figs. 7 and 9a, with the pin 335 located against '
radial drop-oil’ portion 302 extending inwardly 25 the left-hand end of the slot 336.
from the maximum radius end of cam portion
30|. The cam rotates in the direction of the arrow
in Fig. 5, and it will be evident that when the
cam |94 has rotated a short distance beyond the
The previously described movement of the arm
3 | 0 in the direction of the arrows in Figs. 7 and`8
results finally in engagement of trip lever 3|1 by
30 said arm, and movement of the trip lever from
position shown in Fig. 5, the follower roller 240
theposition of Fig. 7 to the position of Fig. 8,
will descend along cam portion 302, the spring
in which trip lever lug 32| has 'cleared bell crank
actuated lever 290 rocking downwardly, as to
arm 322, and the latter, under- the influence of
the position shown in Fig. 5a. For a reason which
its spring 330, then moves to the position shown
. will appear hereinafter, it is generally desirable 35
that the cam be so shaped as to elevate the lever
230 rather rapidly, particularly during the latter
in Fig. 8.
Tightly mounted on shaft 1| oscillated by gear
sector 10 and normally extending downwardly
portion of upward travel. For this reason, the
and somewhat forwardly from said shaft, is a
cam portion 30| is preferably made relatively
bifurcated arm 350, which receives a pin 35| set
steep toward its end.
40k in the end of the upper arm 352 of a bell crank
As previously stated, when/the pawl arm 268 is
353 pivotally mounted at 354 on bracket 3|9.
released from bar 216 by reason of notch 290 regis
The other arm 355 0f bell crank 353 has piv
tering therewith. the spring A246 actsto cause pawl
otally mounted thereon, as at 356, a hook member
arm 266 to engage the pin 265 on crank 260. Said
351, and said hookmember carries a pin 358 which
crank is thereby locked to lever 230, and hence
oscillates with the cam-controlled oscillation of 45 projects under arm 355 so as to engage the lat- ,
ter and thereby serve as a stop against clockwise
the lever. The sleeve 225a on which the cranks
rotation of the hook member relative to the bell
are tightly mounted oscillates correspondingly.
crank beyond the position shown in Fig. 7. A
Just outside bearing 226, sleeve 225a, carries a
spring 359 connected between said pin 358 and
depending arm Sill, tightly secured on the sleeve,
and formed at its lower end with an outwardly 50 arm 355 holds the hook member yieldingly in the
position of Fig. 7 with the pin 358 in engagement
bent lug 3| |. Extending upwardly from arm 3|0
with the underside of arm 355, as described.
is a stop arm 3|2, adapted to engage against a
Fig. 7 shows the normal position of the last
stop conveniently afforded by the side of the
described parts. Upon eachenergization of the
guide member 219e. Such engagement limits
downward movement of the crank arms, and 55 motor M, rod 68 reciprocates the gear sector 10,
arm 350 and hook-carrying bell crank'353 be
therefore of the cam levers, to the position incli
tween the two extreme positions shown in Figs.v
cated in Fig. 5a. Thus, the cam |94 having
7 and 8. The hook 351 is so positioned that in the
rotated from the position shown in Fig. 5 to such
course of this action it clears the pin 321 pro
a position as shown in Fig. 5a, the lever 230 and
crank 260 will have dropped to the position of 50 jecting from bell crank 323 if the bell crank re
-mains in the position of Fig. 7. However, if trip
Fig. 5a, such position being established by engage
lever 3|1 has previously been moved,.so as to re
ment of stop arm 3|2 with stop 3|3. As cam |94
lease bell crank 323, and the latter has accord
then continues to rotate, it will eventually pick
ingly moved to the position shown in Fig. 8, then
up follower roller 240 and elevate the lever 230
and crank arm 260 back toward the position of 65 said pin 321 is in the path of the hook member
and will be engaged thereby. 0n the upstroke of
Fig. 5. During such elevational travel of crank
the hook member under such conditions (down
arm 260, arm 3 | 0 on crank arm sleeve 225a moves
'stroke of push rod and gear sector 10), the hook,
toward the position illustrated in Fig. 8, finally
member may engage pin 321 at its sloping end
engaging a lug 3|5 on the tip of the lower arm
3|6 of a trip lever 3|1_pivotally mounted at 3|8 70 portion 364, but will be moved somewhat in a
on a bracket 3|9 secured to the side of and spaced
from bracket 20|.
counterclockwise direction, against spring 359,
to permit pin 321 to be passed. Then„on the
return or downstroke of the hook member (up
The upperlarm 320 of trip lever 3| 1 has an out
stroke of rod 68 and gear sector 10), hook mem'- `
wardly bent lug 32| whose lower edge normally 75 ber‘
351 engages pin 321, and moves said pin, to
gather with oscillatory plate 325, in a downward I
the released cam levers and associated parts to
bring about operation of the price counters, the
direction to the position shown in Fig. 9. This I
movement o_f plate 325 rocks shaft 225 on which ‘ . actual power for moving the price counters is in
the above described embodiment of the invention
said plate is tightly mounted, andfit being re
derived not from the train of cams but from the
called that the multiple-pawl carrying yoke for
the visible price counter |35 is directly operated
by shaft 225, results in one actuation of said
counter. Plate 325 is connected by a link 36|) tol
an arm 36| tightly mounted on the shaft 66e
reciprocating parts 68, 16, 350, 353, and 351
driven directly from motor M. Thus while the
cams actuate the‘price counters in the sense of
causing their operation by the prime mover (mo
which operates the yoke |56 carrying the multiple 10 tol` M), the power for moving the counters is not
transmitted through the cams. vIn later indicat
pawl for the printing price counter |56. 'I'hus
'ed modifications, the cams may not only actuate
the printing price counter is actuated simultane
the counters but 'drive them as well, or the coun*
ously with the actuation of the visible price
ers may' be advanced by» 'spring action, and
The parts then remain in the position of Fig. 9
until the next energization of motor M, at which
time gear sector 16 is again lowered and bell crank
A353 rocked in a counterclockwise direction back
toward its position as shown in Fig. 8. During
this movement of bell crank 353, the lower arm
355 thereof engages a pin 362 projecting from
plate 325 and so elevates the latter backto the
position of Fig. 7. In the course of this action,
arm 322 of bell crank 323 engages lug 32| of trip
lever 3| 1, and is caused thereby to lswing relatively
to plate 325 to the position shown in Fig. 7. On
the return or upstroke of gear segment 16, bell
crank 353 is then rocked back to the `position of
Fig. 7, its hook member 351 clearing pin 321 car
ried by bell crank 323 since said pin is now at the
right hand end of its slot 326, it being understood
that the bell crank 323 is now again held in the
position of Fig. 7 by trip lever 3 I1.
Thus, assuming bar 216 to have been shifted
to position with one voiî its notches 296, 29|, etc.,
to a. position of register with the corresponding
moved through their return stroke by the cams.
It will be evident that the number of energize
tions of motor M necessary to cause each such
described actuation of the price counters depends
upon the -rate of angular rotation imparted to the
20 particular cam corresponding to the particular
pawl arm 268, which has been released by regis»
tration therewith of a notch in bar 216. And the
rates of angular rotation imparted to the differ
ent cams being all diñerent, it will thus be evi
25 dent that the price registered on the counters will
be governed by which of the notches 230, 23|, 292,
and 233 in the Ibar 216 has been registered with a
pawl arm 266.`
In accordance with the invention, the bar 216
30 is periodically shifted under the control of the
visible kilowatt hour register or counter. its seen
best in Fig. 13, the upper edge of the blade 211
of ratechanging device 215 is formed with a plu
rality of longitudinally spaced lugs 316, which
35 are adapted to perform a 'functional cooperation
l with sets of uniformly spaced selector iianges 31|
pawl arm 266, so that the said pawl-arm has
mounted between the counter Wheels of the vis
released the corresponding pawl carrying lever
ible kilowatt hour register in a manner now to
be described. On the shaft 11 of the visible kilo
to move into operative association with the cor
responding cam, and also so that the pawl arm 40 watt hour counter or register, which will be re
called to support for free rotation the counter
266 becomes locked through pin 265 to the cor
wheel 95’ and toothed disc 95 (Figs. lil, i5 and
responding crank 26D, 26|, etc., periodic ener
16) as Well. as their counter parts in the series,
gization of motor M, and the accompanying os
is rotatably mounted a series of hubs 312, one
cillation of gear segment 16 and of bell> crank
353, has no effect insofar as operation'of the vis 45 immediately to the left of each of the counter
wheels, except the last counter wheel, as clearly
ible and printing price counters is concerned until
appears in Fig. 13.
the cam has lifted the lever and crank associated
Asbest seen in Figs. 15 and 16, the right hand
therewith suñiciently to cause arm 3|1! to trip
end portions of these hubs, including circumfer
The next energization of motor M,
' lever 3|1.
however, results in the hook member 351 carried 50 ential end flanges 313 formed on the hubs, are
received for free rotation in annular recesses 314>
by bell crank 353 engaging the pin 3_21 and so
sunk in the sides of the adjacent counter Wheels.
rocking plate 325 in a downward direction,
Each hub is rotatably driven by the associated
thereby effecting a registering stroke of the coun
counter Wheel, as 95', through the medium of a.
ter operating devices. The next succeeding en
ergization of motor M then returns the oscillat 55 spring'316, the tail of which projects through a
hole 311 in the hub and a registering hole 316
ing plate 325 to its original position, and resets
in the ,counter wheel. The opposite end of said
the pin-carrying bell crank 323 and trip lever
spring depresses a pawl 360 pivoted on a pin 36|
3|1. lBy this time, the tip, or maximum radius
set into the end wall or web 396 of hub 312, caus
portion, of the actuating cam has passed the fol
lower roller 246 carried by the associatedlever, 60 ing the wedge-shaped end portion of one arm of
the pawl to seat in an angular notch 362 of shaft
and the latter, together with the corresponding
11. The purpose of this pawl will appear here
crank, have been moved ‘by spring 24| back down
inafter in connection with a description of the
` to a position in which the arm 3|0 is retracted to
resetting mechanism.
the position indicated in 5a. Further energize.
On each hub 312 is positioned a series of rings
tions of the motor M then result’in further pro 65
385 on which. are formed the aforementioned an
gressive rotation of the cam, but without actua
nular flanges 31|, there being one such ring and
tion of the plate 325 to register another unit on
ñange corresponding to each of the notches 296,
the counters until the cam has again elevated the
29|, et seq., in rate-changing bar 216. The rings
follower roller and lever, together With the a'sso
ciated crank, sufñciently to bring about another 10 365 are freely rotatable on hub 312 for adjust
ment purposes, and are positioned thereon in end
actuation of trip lever 3|1 and release of bell
to end engagement, as illustrated. Each ring 365 is
crank 323.
provided with a series of ten equally spaced holes
It will be observed that while the several cams
386, and is secured in adjusted position upon the
|94, et. seq., functionv as the actuating elements
tor the price counters, acting in cooperation with 75 hub 312 for rotation therewith by the tail 366
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