Патент USA US2410861код для вставки
Novfu 12, 1946. 2,410,861 T.~J. BELL CELERY HARVESTIN‘G APPARATUS Filed April 8, 1944 7 Sheets-Sheet 1 WNA il p @Y si QQ SQ Nov. 12, 1946. ì T. J. BELL 2,410,861 CELERY HARVESTING APPARATUS Filed April 8, 11944 7 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nov. 12, 1946. 1.1. BELL 2,410,861 CELERY HARVESTING APPARATUS f Filed April 8, 1944 '7 Sheets-Sheet 5 Nov. 12, v1946. T. J. BELL 2,410,861 CELERY HARVESTING APPARATUS l Filed April 8, 1944 7 Sheets-Sheet 4v 30 2// 57 5 7. .6 Nov. 12, 1946. T. J. BELL 2,410,861 CELERY HARVESTING APPARATUS Filed April 8, 1944 7 Sheets-Sheet 5 NOV. l2, Í946‘. T, _1_ BELL ~ 2,410,861 GELERY HARVESTING APPARATUS Filed 'April 8, 1944 7 Sheets-Sheet 6 /07 /05 0 El( /00/32010 ( /37 ¿Infor/mio@ Nov. 12, 1946. T. J. BELL 2,410,861 CELERY HARVEST-ING APPARATUS Filed April 8, 1944 7 Sheets-Sheet 7 W .l 2,410,861 Patented Nov. 12, V1946 ?litug?rltn ~ STATES PATENT oFFicE» f » ì l 2,410,861 CELERY HÀRVESTING APIY’ARATUS Thomas .Il Èell, near Sarasota, Fla. ` Y Application April'S, 1944, S'erial‘No. 530,106 I 5 claims. 1 . , . y (Cl.r 55-9) 1 2 l This invention relates to a celeryharvesting apparatus and more especially to a suitable framework adapted to be secured to a tractor and to which is adapted to be secured a plurality of cutters to run between rthe rows of celery to , . f l three middles, 30 inches apart, making in all eleven’middles between the twelve rows »of`celery whichare covered by one sweep of the spraying apparatus. Therefore, in providing a celery cut ter for Acutting two rows of celery at a time, it is necessary to have the width of the frame adjust cut the same, followed by a plurality of carriages , able as to overal1 width so as to take care of the having endless belts thereon and »onto which the cut celery, after being stripped, can be placed whichv will convey the stalks of celery rearwardly different widths of middles : of celery` and’to up yby trucks 'and‘transport'ed to the packing can be cut at one trip across the‘?leld. . Another houses where they will` be furtherV stripped and graded and packed in shipping crates for ship which a plurality of carriages or> conveyers` hav properly cut the rows of celery regardless of vthe . ~ where their buti-l portions will be aligned against 10 width therebetween. v - ‘The various types ofcelery cutters hereinafter a guide board andas they move rearwardly, the shown and described are adapted Yto be, drawn by tops will be cut from the celery a predetermined attaching several Vof these cutters to a trans-i distance `from ther base portions vof . the ' celery, versely disposed boom or ydraw bar mounted on and then the celery stalks will' be moved further rearwardly where ‘they will- be placed into ñeld 15 a tractor so as to have alternate middles pro vided with a cutter so that several rows> of celery boxes and deposited onthe ground to be‘picked ping to the market. Ú . _i ' ' drawbar is provided behind the‘tractor and t0. 20 ing endless belts thereon are releasably attached >Celery is laid out in deñnite rows; that is, the rows are usually formed by stretching a wire across the ñeld, and the rows are laid out in prac tically a straight line, a given number ofinches apart. These rows Vare spaced dilîerently to ac commodate spraying machinesy and the like.`v For example, one type of spraying machine covers twelve `rows of celery-and >sprays twelve rows of celery at» a time; therefore, it is necessary in order to prevent bruising of the celery plants, to have `the .rows in which the tractorfwheelsïrun slightly'further apart` than *therows along which no object passes in a, spraying operation. Fur thermore, the spray boom usually hasïar` truss work extending downwardly in spacedî‘rela'tion to each side of the tractor.`for lending rigidity for. conveying A»the celery rearwardly to ‘where the tops` are cut,` and it is later packed' into' field boxes to Abe >hauled awayv from the'ìñeldlto the packing` house' where additional stripping, v grad- " ing, and-like operations are carried loutfand the celeryl -isfthen packed into shipping crates for shipment yto >the market. ' ~ Y _i ` lIt is therefore an object of this inventionto provide 'a celery harvester comprisinga frame work securedto a tractor and comprising a pair of transversely disposed draw bars, one of which is for pulling cutting‘mechanisms between the rows of celery for cutting the same andthe other ofwhich is adapted to have secured thereto a plurality of trailing carriagesror conveyers hav ing endless belts thereon for conveying the celery rearwardly after it is placedV thereonï by being to the boom. These middles between the rows lifted from the ground. On said‘cariages or con wherethis trusswork of the spray boom passes veyers, suitable cutting» implements are provided are also slightly wider than some of the other middles ‘so as to prevent this trusswork from 140 for cutting off the tops of -'the celery. `The bunches move ‘rearwardlyv on the carriagesV or bruising the celery plants as the spraying appa ratus is passed over the field. In one locality, - conveyers and are packed into ñeld boxes for transport t0 the packing housesA for further 'op the rows are spaced with middles as follows: be tween the outside rownextto the irrigationv ditch bank and the next succeeding row, 30inches, the 'next middle, 30 inches, the next middle, 30‘inches, the Vfollowing middle, 32 inches foracc'ommodat ing the trusswork of the spray boom, the next middle, 38` inches to accommodate one oftheA tractor wheels, the next middle, 30y inches which 50 is substantially underneath the'middleïportion' ‘ of the tractor, the next rniddle§38 inches tov ac commodate the other wheelof the.tractor,-the next middle, 32»inches for accommodatingthe erations. y ‘ - i ' . Y ‘f « Itis another object ofthe invention to provide a-celerycutter and harvesting mechanism »for cutting afplu'rality of‘rows of V celery-at the same time and then havingV a ’crew-deposit- the cut stalks of celery onto suitable >conveyers where the tops'arefcut from the celery and the stalks are packed? »into suitable shippingÍ boxes vcarried bythe carriages or conveyers as they are drawni over.the'ñeld..~, > . „ , ` y y y „ Some; of the objects ofi the invention _having other Vtrusswork of the spray> boom, lthel-.n’ext 55 been stated,.other _objectswill-'appear asthedef 2,410,861 3 4 scription proceeds, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which: Figure 1 is a top plan view showing, partly in in proper position. Loosely secured around the draw bar lil is a pair of semi-circular cuff mem bers I2 and I3, and to each cuil member I3 ls schematic form, the cutters attached to a trac tor and the carriages also trailing behind the welded a short pipe I4 in which is mounted a ver tically disposed pipe I5 in a loose manner so as to tractor; permit oscillation of the pipe I5 within the pipe Figure 2 is an enlarged detail view taken along the line 2-2 in Figure 1; I 4. A clamp i5 surrounds the upper end of the pipe I 5 to limit downward movement of the front end of the frame. Also secured to the cuil member I3 is a brace Figure 3 is an enlarged detail view taken along the line 3-3 in Figure l; Figure 4 is a top plan view of one oi the celery cutters; pipe I1 which is welded to cuff member I3 and extends downwardly and is secured by welding Figure 5 is a side elevation of the cutter look or otherwise to a short pipe member I 8 which ing from the lower side of Figure 4; likewise is loosely mounted on the pipe I5. Figure 6 is an elevation taken along the line 15 Each of the two frames are identical except 6-6 in Figure 4; they are opposite hand, and therefore, a descrip Figure 7 is a rear elevation taken along the line l-l' in Figure 4; Figure 8 is a sectional View taken along the line 8-8 in Figure 5; Figure 9 is a top plan view of carriage A show ing'the front portion thereof broken away; Figure 10 is a side elevation of carriage A look tion of one of the frames will equally apply to the other frame. The cutter frames in Figures 4 to '7 inclusive are shown and described in my 20 co-pending applications, Serial No. 528,259, ñled March 27, 1944, and Serial No. 594,494, ñled May 18, 1945. Each frame comprises an upper bar 20 and a ing from the lower side of Figure 9; lower bar 2| both Welded to the pipe I5. These Figure 11 is a reverse view of Figure 10; 25 are called the inner bars of the frame, and the Figure 12 is a vertical sectional View taken frame also has outer bars 22 and 23, the upper along the line I2-I2 in Figure 11; outer bar 22 being secured as by welding to cross Figure 13 is a bottom plan View of a portion bars 24 and 25. The lower bar 23 is connected to of the carriage frame. cross bars 25 and 21. Secured between cross bar Referring more specifically to the drawings, 30 25, and the forward portion of top bar 20 is a the numeral I indicates a tractor having a lon brace bar 29. Between the forward ends of the gitudinallydisposed center portion Ia with a cuter »bars 22 and 23, there is disposed, as by pair of change gear transmissions ib and Ic dis welding, a sloping bar 28 which has adjustably posed between the engine of the tractor and the mounted in its lower forward end an adjustable axle mechanism disposed in axle housing Id. ñnger 30 by means of a set screw 3|. On the ex These two change gear transmissions permit the ter-ior of the lower end of sloping bar 28, there is tractor to move very slowly, say about 1,000 feet a cuir 32. A sheet metal cowling member 34 has per hour, to thus give time to the crew to take the exterior edges thereof indicated by dotted care of the celery as fast as it is cut. The trac lines 34, and is adapted to be secured in position tor has front wheels 2, pivotally mounted to the 40 by means of a plurality of screws 35. This cowl front axle 2a as at 2b which are directed by a ing is omitted in all of the drawings except in suitable steering' mechanism indicated by refer Figure 4 where the top edge of the same is shown ence’characters 2c and 2d. Secured to the pins and is indicated by reference character 36. 2b and cranks 2e are guards 2f for preventing Disposed between the upper bars 22 and the the wheels from bruising the rows of celery as lower bars 23 is a plate member 4i) and also dis they pass between the rows of celery. rl‘he trac posed between the upper barV 29 -and the lower tor has rear wheels 3, and the axle Id has suit bar ZI is a plate member 4I. These plate mem able flanges or hub portions 3a and 3a’ to which bers each have suitable notches 42 therein in is secured a suitable Cowling 3b for preventing which a bolt 43 is mounted which penetrates a the wheels 3 from bruising the rows of celery. 50 hub 44 of a ground wheel 45. Secured by any suitable means such as bolts to Welded to the cross bar 25 and extending the flanges 3a’ of the rear axle are angle brack downwardly is a bar 50 whose lower end is weld ets 4 to which are secured as by welding pipes 5 ed¢to a cross bar 5I, and in this bar 50 is a notch and 6. To the rear end of pipes 5 and 6 is a draw 52 in which ‘a'bolt 53 is conñned, this bolt being bar 'I having hooks -8 pivotally secured there 55 the bearing spindle of 'a suitable bearing 55 which around, which hooks 8 have a hooked front por has ñxedly secured thereto a disk colter 51. tion which is adapted to hook beneath one of the Vertically disposed and secured to plate 40 by rear transverse frame portions of the cutters to any suitable means such as by welding is a be hereinafter described for holding the cutters guide member'lìo having slidably mounted there in elevated position when they are not in oper 60 in arshank 6I of a cutting blade 62. This cutting ation. These cutters to be hereinafter described blade 62 projects outwardly and rearwardly from are secured to a transverse draw bar I0 which isY the side of the frame for cutting celery stalks welded or-otherwise secured to the front ends of 459 'immediately below the junction point of the the bars or pipes 5 and Iì. The center portion of leaves thereon and sufficiently high as t'o cut a this front draw bar I0 is secured to the portion 05 minimum of the ground roots of the 'celery so as I a of the tractor by any suitable means such as `to minimize the ‘stripping operation. The rows strap members S being secured to the bar Iû and of celery 58 are indicated by dotted lines in Fig to the tractor portion Ia. ure 1. The vcelery stalks must be cut low enough As previously described, the draw bar I0 ex to prevent the leaves falling apart, and yet high tends transversely of the tractor, and to which 70 enough as to prevent any undue amount of roots a plurality of cutter frames are adapted to have diheîrfront end secured by any suitable means, but in the drawings I have shown the draw bar I0 as having a plurality of cuffs II adjustably mounted thereon for confining the cutter frames being left on'the ce‘lery'stalk‘s. ` ' The upper en'd 'of 'the 'shank 6I vhas pivotally secured thereto 'as at'64 a link 65 which is pivoted at its forward end as at 66 to the inner'surface of the sloping bar 28. To the rear end of the 2,410,861 shank and blade to shed any debris which might collectfthereon if itshould not' be cut by. the bar 65, there is pivotally mounted one _end of a link 61,'the lower end of linkV 6l being ïpivotally connected to alleg 6B which is~ rigidly connected blade, as it‘will slide off theend of .theblades due to .their slope rearwardly .as theyV progress to and forms apart of a lever 09 pivotally mount ed as at 63 to the inner surface of a ’vertically outwardly. « Y ' ’ f ' - Releasably secured to the rear draw bar l and in spaced relation to each other are a pair of trailing carriages or conveyers designated broad disposedA post> 'i 0 secured Ybetwee'n- the upper tbar 22 and thelower bar 23. YA similar post 'll is disposed vvbetween and secured to the upper’ and ly- by-reference characters A and B, saidcarriages or conveyers being identical in structure, except that one is opposite vhand yto the'other, vanda lower 4Tothe barsinner 20 and surface 2|. of « » the« transverse 'f bar`~ 26|, thereis-secured a quadrant 13 which projects forwardly in spaced relation Ato the top bar 22', description >of one willlrepresent a description of and at its front lend is -bent inwardlyfand con Ithe other as the structure is-identical except for nected to the `bar-22, thusy providing av slot in lits being opposite hand» justed position. » » ~ ‘ '. ‘ comprises an elongated Aframework madeup of This lever has pivoted onv the upper end thereof a suitable pawl ‘|4«for holding the-lever in ad# ' ` Each of theV carriages or conveyers A -and. B which’the lever 69 is adapted to have movement. side plates or boards |00 and |0| with a top plate or >board |02 and with suitable'crosspieces |03 Y It is'thus seen that byA adjusting thelever S0 along the quadrant v13, the vertical position of the'cutter 62 can be easily adjusted while th machine is in operation. ~ ~ Pivotally secured on bolts 00 ‘disposed in one of the upright bars 1 |> are links'80 and'8| . These links 80 and 8| each have a plurality of »holes 82 adapted to be penetrated Yby the bolts 8S. The other ends of the bars 80» and 0| have notches 33-therein which ñt over bolts 06' in the inner and diagonal braces |04, and for a goodly portion of the length of this frame strap iron members I 05 and |00 extend for guiding an endless belt |01; The endless belt is mounted at each end of the framework `on rollers- |08 and |09 ñxedly disposed on shafts ||0'and |||, respectively. To the front end of side boards |00 and |0|, respec tively there are secured plates ||2 and ||3 onA which angle'brackets'lht and ||5 are mounted which are slotted as at ||0 and ||'| respectively, and penetrating these slots are bolts | I8 and H0, upright bar'll of the other cutter frame. In operation, a plurality of thesecutters `are secured to the elongated’transversely disposed respectively, Which'penetrate bearings |20 and |2| respectively for the shaft’l |0.-` ' U * : - 1 draw bar I0 vsecured‘to a tractor, and the frames are adjustedv relative to'each other 'as'to suit Disposed between the free ends of the plates || 2 and ||3 are the bolts |25 .which'have spacer the width'of the middle being traversed by the sleeves ~ |26 disposed between lthe approximate frames. »f The ?inger'30 is adjusted relative to the 35 >surface ofthe plates | |2.and H3, and the lower edge of each one of the plates ||2 and H3 has-a ground to- cause it to ~pick~ ‘up` the green' leaves notch |21 which is adapted to hook yover the draw of celery which might be fallen partiallytoward bar ’i forpulling the carriages over the celery field. the ground andfraise them upwardly, and direct This type of connection allows quick disconnec them over the front edge ofthe sloping bar 28 and to the exterior of the >-cowlingn3|5 disposed 40 tion of the carriages from the draw bar-'l Yat the end of a row when it is desired to turn the tractor on the exterior of the frame. nHowever, the nn -ger 30 is not adjusted close'enough to the> ground to pick up the dead> leaves which have'fallen downwardly onto the ground, and these are al lowed to pass rearwardly and to be‘severed -by the colter disk 5'1 before the celery. stalks are cut `by theblades 62. a' ~` ‘ ' y ` ' - By means of‘ the individual ground wheel for each lframe'an'd the pivotal connection between into another set ofV rows and to pull the carriages by hand around and connect them onto the rear draw bar 'l of the tractory VThe rear- end of the Gl framework has secured thereto brackets|28 and .l 29 to which are secured bearings |30 and |3| for receiving theshaft> ||‘| of the’roller'lûälx»v ‘ A plurality of brackets |312'larefse'cured to the exterior' surfaces ofthe side boardsy l‘ílßfan'd |0| theframes,` it is seen that due to the fact that 50 for rotatably> supportingïa vplurality of rollers ' |33 which rollers are adapted to support >tht-:flower the cuff members l2 and I3 are looselymounted portion of the endless belt |01 on itsforward on the pipe |I, that each frame can have indi' travel to theY front portion of `the carriage.v Dis vidual A‘vertical movement relative to the other posed'beneath each ofthe frames A and B is 'a Vframe without affecting in> any manner the other Íframe except that it might draw it a fraction 55 transverse axle |35 having wheels |30 and |3l of an inch away from the row which ’it is cut' on its ends. and it will be noted that the- carriages ting'. v This yallows each ground v‘wheel which is are mounted, knot 'in »the _middle o'f- eachf'of ~'the -running close bythe rowf'of celery to regulate axles, but nearer the'wheels |31 than» the vwheels |36 so as to cause the carriages to be disposed at the proper position relative to the rowsv of celery and so that these carriages will not be above a rowof celery thus interfering with the strippers in the picking of -the‘ bunchesY of celery for stripping and depositing onto the end-less belt. This arrangement also permits one to walk be; tween the proximate wheels of the two carriages. .The longer portion oi each of-these‘axles‘ has a `thedepth of cut'of the celery stalks by its asso ciated blade. Furthermorait'is to be noted that the point of cutting is at right angles to the -lowermost portion of the-Wheel, so that'as the contour of ground changes, `the depth of the cutter blades will also change, so as to cut the celery at a predetermined depth below the top of . the ground at all times and regardless of the contour of the land. v-lt _is also toï be notedV that the front cutting ` edge of each cutter‘extends upwardly along its shank, so as to cut undesirable leaves and other debris that may lodge against it,` vandalso that this frontvertical portion-of the shank‘whichfis sharpened and merges into thei horizontally dis' :posed cuttingedge yof the bladeisv sloped 'in- the 4saniezmanner as thenblade'giso‘las toácausefthe brace~|38 welded theretdand suitablyAV secured >«to the adjacent side wall of the carriage frame. '.5 Mounted on vthe exteriorusurfaces -of »thev side iwalls |00 and lûvl'of the carriage is a plurality o_f Auprights |40, >UH, A423,v andfl43. AThese have secured on. the-.upper ends' thereof-1 angle- irons ._ I 44 .and .|45 and -spanning .the » distance-»between 2,410,861 Secured to the bars |42 and |43 and also to a bar |48 is a guide bar |49 which has its front end outturned as at |49a for guiding the celery stalks through the apparatus, the butts of the celery stalks being adapted to be placed on the belt |511 and an operator arranges the celery bunches so their butts will be against the guide bar |49. Mounted on the transverse bars |45 and |41 is rearwardly, a plurality of platforms, securedon the carriage rearwardly of the cutter for sup porting boxes into which the celery stalks are adapted to be placed after they have passed by the cutter to have their tops severed therefrom. 2. A celery harvester comprising a tractor, a pair of longitudinally disposed bars secured to the tractor and disposed beneath the rear axle thereof, a transversely disposed front draw bar a suitable prime mover such as a gasoline engine |55 which has a pulley |5| 'secured on the pro 10 secured to the front end of the pair of bars and to the tractor, a rear draw bar disposed trans~ jecting end of its drive shaft |52 and mounted on this pulley |5| is a belt |53 which is also disposed on a pulley |54 mounted on a transverse shaft |55 secured in suitable bearings, not shown, suit versely and behind the tractor and secured to the rear end of said pair of bars, a„plurality of means carried by the front draw bar for cutting ably aiiixed to the lower portion of the carriage 15 a plurality of rows of celery, a pair of elongated wheeled frames secured in spaced relation to framework. This shaft |55 on its other end has a sprocket wheel |51 secured thereon on which a each other to the rear draw bar, each frame having an endless belt thereon, a prime mover mounted on each elongated frame and being wheel |59 ñxed on a shaft IBI) which >is mounted 20 connected to the endless belt for driving the same to propel stalks of celery laid thereon rearwardly in suitable bearings, not shown, disposed on the of the elongated wheeled frames, a rotary cut lower portion of the carriage framework. This ter disposed on each of the elongated frames shaft |60 projects laterally below the carriage and driven by the prime mover thereon for cut framework, and has a sprocket wheel |62 ñxed thereon on which a sprocket chain |63 is mounted 25 ting the tops of ` celery bunches as they move rearwardly on the endless belt. which is also disposed on a sprocket wheel |5fl 3. A celery harvesting apparatus comprising ñxed on the shaft ||| on which roller |93 is a prime mover provided with a pair of -spaced fixedly mounted. rear wheels, each spaced apart from each other The shaft |55 has also secured thereon a pulley |65 on which a belt |65 is mounted which is crossed 30 so that each wheel will travel between two ad-jacent rows of celery, a front transversely dis to give the proper direction of rotation to the posed draw bar mounted on the prime mover cutter or saw presently to be described, and this and disposed in front of the said wheels,` a rear belt |66 is mounted on a pulley |51 disposed on a sprocket chain |58 is mounted, which _sprocket chain is also disposed on an enlarged sprocket shaft |68 mounted in bearings |69 and |10 mounted on the top portion of angle irons M4 and` transversely draw bar secured to the prime'mover and disposed tothe rear of said wheels, the front draw bar -having secured thereto on both vertical and horizontal pivots the lfront `end of On one end of the shaft |68 is disposed a saw a plurality of wheeled frames, each frame being or rotary'cutter |1| for cutting the tops oiî of the disposed between two rows of celery, each celery plants as they are directed through the apparatus. A suitable guard for the saw or cutter 40 frame having projecting from each side thereof a cutting blade for cutting the adjacent rows of |1| is indicated by dotted lines |12. celery, a pair of elongated wheeled frames hav Secured beneath the lower edge of the carriage ing their front ends secured to the tractor and frame by any suitable means such as bolts |15, having a conveyor disposed thereon for con are bars |16 and | 11 which support a pair of veying the stalks of celery, deposited transversely platforms |18 and |19 on which ñeld boxes can and in side-by-side relation thereon, rearwardly be placed for packing the celery stalks thereinto of the elongated wheeled frames, means on the after they have passed by the cutter |1| and have elongated wheeled frames for guiding the‘butt reached a point where they can be reached by portions of the celery stalks, a rotary cutter on operators walking slowly along the ground ad the elongated wheeled frames adapted to sever jacent the carriages or conveyers for picking up . . the top portions of the celery stalks as they pass the celery stalks and depositing them into the rearwardly’on the conveyor, and a plurality of field boxes. platforms carried by the elongated Awheeled In the drawings and specification, there has frames onto which ñeld boxes can be placed for been set forth a preferred embodiment of the packing the` stalks of celery therein >after their invention, and although speciñc terms are em- . tops have been severed therefrom. ployed, they are used in a generic and descrip 4. Celery harvesting apparatus comprising a tive sense only, and not for purposes of limita tion, the scope of the invention being deñned in tractor having a front and re‘ar wheel, and hav the claims. ing a rear axle housing, a pair of pipes secured I claim: 60 to the lower portion of the axle housing adjacent l. Celery harvesting apparatus comprising a tractor having front and rear transversely dis posed draw bars thereon, a plurality of wheeled frames secured to the front draw bar and hav~ ing a blade projecting laterally from each side of each frame for cutting adjacent rows of celery, a pair of elongated carriages releasably secured to the rear draw bar and trailing behind the tractor in spaced relation to each other, each -carriage -having an endless belt thereon for con~ veying stalks of cut celery which are deposited in side by side relation thereon, means for guid the rear wheels and projecting forwardly and rearwardly of the tractor, a transversely dis posed front draw bar disposed on the front end of said pipes and a transversely disposed rear draw bar disposed on the rear ends of saidy pipes, a plurality of wheeled cutter frames adapted to be disposed between two rows of celery, there being one frame between each two rows of celery, means on the front draw bar for pivotally se curing the front ends of the frames on both vertical and horizontal pivots for,allowingV uni versal swinging movement kof Ythe cutter frames ing the stalks of celery through the apparatus, relative to thefront ,draw bar, means on the a cutter disposed on each carriage for cutting ,the tops from thestalks of celery 4as they move rear draw _bar for engaging 4the rear ends ofthe frames »and holding'th'em in elevated position 2,410,861 9 for transportation purposes, each Aof the cutter frames having a laterally and rearwardly pro jecting blade extending from opposed sides thereof for cutting adjacent rows of celery, the cutter frames having their sides in> close prox imity to the rows of celery and whereby the rows of celery will be pushed away. from the frames onto their sides as they are cut by the laterally projecting blades. 10 » the carriages', means for securing the front end of the carriages to the rear draw bar, each ofy the carriages having thereon a vertically-rising guide bar disposed at one side of the conveyor for guiding the butt ends of the stalks of celery rearwardly as they travel along with the con veyor, a rotary cutter disposed on the other side of each conveyor remote from the guide bar for severing the tops of celery as they are conveyed 5. A structure according to claim 4 in which 10 rearwardly, each carriage having disposed rear a plurality of wheeled carriages are disposed wardly of the cutter one or more platforms onto which the ñeld boxes can be deposited for pack behind the rear draw bar and having two ground ing the cut celery stalks therein as they emerge wheels disposed so as to travel in the path of from the rotary cutter. the cutter frames, each of the carriages having an endless conveyor thereon for conveying stalks 15 of cut celery deposited thereon rearwardly of THOMAS J. BELL.