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Патент USA US2410861

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Novfu 12, 1946.
Filed April 8, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 1
Nov. 12, 1946.
Filed April 8, 11944
7 Sheets-Sheet 2
Nov. 12, 1946.
1.1. BELL
f Filed April 8, 1944
'7 Sheets-Sheet 5
Nov. 12, v1946.
Filed April 8, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 4v
5 7. .6
Nov. 12, 1946.
Filed April 8, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 5
NOV. l2, Í946‘.
T, _1_ BELL
~ 2,410,861
Filed 'April 8, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 6
Nov. 12, 1946.
Filed April 8, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 7
Patented Nov. 12, V1946
?litug?rltn ~ STATES PATENT oFFicE» f
ì l 2,410,861
Thomas .Il Èell, near Sarasota, Fla. ` Y
Application April'S, 1944, S'erial‘No. 530,106 I
5 claims.
(Cl.r 55-9) 1
This invention relates to a celeryharvesting
apparatus and more especially to a suitable
framework adapted to be secured to a tractor
and to which is adapted to be secured a plurality
of cutters to run between rthe rows of celery to
l three middles, 30 inches apart, making in all
eleven’middles between the twelve rows »of`celery
whichare covered by one sweep of the spraying
apparatus. Therefore, in providing a celery cut
ter for Acutting two rows of celery at a time, it is
necessary to have the width of the frame adjust
cut the same, followed by a plurality of carriages ,
able as to overal1 width so as to take care of the
having endless belts thereon and »onto which the
cut celery, after being stripped, can be placed
whichv will convey the stalks of celery rearwardly
different widths of middles : of celery` and’to
up yby trucks 'and‘transport'ed to the packing
can be cut at one trip across the‘?leld. . Another
houses where they will` be furtherV stripped and
graded and packed in shipping crates for ship
which a plurality of carriages or> conveyers` hav
properly cut the rows of celery regardless of vthe
where their buti-l portions will be aligned against 10 width therebetween. v
- ‘The various types ofcelery cutters hereinafter
a guide board andas they move rearwardly, the
shown and described are adapted Yto be, drawn by
tops will be cut from the celery a predetermined
attaching several Vof these cutters to a trans-i
distance `from ther base portions vof . the ' celery,
versely disposed boom or ydraw bar mounted on
and then the celery stalks will' be moved further
rearwardly where ‘they will- be placed into ñeld 15 a tractor so as to have alternate middles pro
vided with a cutter so that several rows> of celery
boxes and deposited onthe ground to be‘picked
ping to the market.
. _i
drawbar is provided behind the‘tractor and t0.
20 ing endless belts thereon are releasably attached
>Celery is laid out in deñnite rows; that is, the
rows are usually formed by stretching a wire
across the ñeld, and the rows are laid out in prac
tically a straight line, a given number ofinches
apart. These rows Vare spaced dilîerently to ac
commodate spraying machinesy and the like.`v For
example, one type of spraying machine covers
twelve `rows of celery-and >sprays twelve rows of
celery at» a time; therefore, it is necessary in
order to prevent bruising of the celery plants, to
have `the .rows in which the tractorfwheelsïrun
slightly'further apart` than *therows along which
no object passes in a, spraying operation. Fur
thermore, the spray boom usually hasïar` truss
work extending downwardly in spacedî‘rela'tion
to each side of the tractor.`for lending rigidity
for. conveying A»the celery rearwardly to ‘where
the tops` are cut,` and it is later packed' into' field
boxes to Abe >hauled awayv from the'ìñeldlto the
packing` house' where additional stripping, v grad- "
ing, and-like operations are carried loutfand the
celeryl -isfthen packed into shipping crates for
shipment yto >the market.
` lIt is therefore an object of this inventionto
provide 'a celery harvester comprisinga frame
work securedto a tractor and comprising a pair
of transversely disposed draw bars, one of which
is for pulling cutting‘mechanisms between the
rows of celery for cutting the same andthe other
ofwhich is adapted to have secured thereto a
plurality of trailing carriagesror conveyers hav
ing endless belts thereon for conveying the celery
rearwardly after it is placedV thereonï by being
to the boom. These middles between the rows
lifted from the ground. On said‘cariages or con
wherethis trusswork of the spray boom passes
veyers, suitable cutting» implements are provided
are also slightly wider than some of the other
middles ‘so as to prevent this trusswork from 140 for cutting off the tops of -'the celery. `The
bunches move ‘rearwardlyv on the carriagesV or
bruising the celery plants as the spraying appa
ratus is passed over the field. In one locality, - conveyers and are packed into ñeld boxes for
transport t0 the packing housesA for further 'op
the rows are spaced with middles as follows: be
tween the outside rownextto the irrigationv ditch
bank and the next succeeding row, 30inches, the
'next middle, 30 inches, the next middle, 30‘inches,
the Vfollowing middle, 32 inches foracc'ommodat
ing the trusswork of the spray boom, the next
middle, 38` inches to accommodate one oftheA
tractor wheels, the next middle, 30y inches which 50
is substantially underneath the'middleïportion'
‘ of the tractor, the next rniddle§38 inches tov ac
commodate the other wheelof the.tractor,-the
next middle, 32»inches for accommodatingthe
Itis another object ofthe invention to provide
a-celerycutter and harvesting mechanism »for
cutting afplu'rality of‘rows of V celery-at the same
time and then havingV a ’crew-deposit- the cut
stalks of celery onto suitable >conveyers where
the tops'arefcut from the celery and the stalks
are packed? »into suitable shippingÍ boxes vcarried
bythe carriages or conveyers as they are drawni
„ Some; of the objects ofi the invention _having
other Vtrusswork of the spray> boom, lthel-.n’ext 55 been stated,.other _objectswill-'appear asthedef
scription proceeds, when taken in connection
with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view showing, partly in
in proper position. Loosely secured around the
draw bar lil is a pair of semi-circular cuff mem
bers I2 and I3, and to each cuil member I3 ls
schematic form, the cutters attached to a trac
tor and the carriages also trailing behind the
welded a short pipe I4 in which is mounted a ver
tically disposed pipe I5 in a loose manner so as to
permit oscillation of the pipe I5 within the pipe
Figure 2 is an enlarged detail view taken along
the line 2-2 in Figure 1;
I 4. A clamp i5 surrounds the upper end of the
pipe I 5 to limit downward movement of the front
end of the frame.
Also secured to the cuil member I3 is a brace
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail view taken along
the line 3-3 in Figure l;
Figure 4 is a top plan view of one oi the celery
pipe I1 which is welded to cuff member I3 and
extends downwardly and is secured by welding
Figure 5 is a side elevation of the cutter look
or otherwise to a short pipe member I 8 which
ing from the lower side of Figure 4;
likewise is loosely mounted on the pipe I5.
Figure 6 is an elevation taken along the line 15
Each of the two frames are identical except
6-6 in Figure 4;
they are opposite hand, and therefore, a descrip
Figure 7 is a rear elevation taken along the
line l-l' in Figure 4;
Figure 8 is a sectional View taken along the
line 8-8 in Figure 5;
Figure 9 is a top plan view of carriage A show
ing'the front portion thereof broken away;
Figure 10 is a side elevation of carriage A look
tion of one of the frames will equally apply to
the other frame. The cutter frames in Figures
4 to '7 inclusive are shown and described in my
20 co-pending applications, Serial No. 528,259, ñled
March 27, 1944, and Serial No. 594,494, ñled May
18, 1945.
Each frame comprises an upper bar 20 and a
ing from the lower side of Figure 9;
lower bar 2| both Welded to the pipe I5. These
Figure 11 is a reverse view of Figure 10;
25 are called the inner bars of the frame, and the
Figure 12 is a vertical sectional View taken
frame also has outer bars 22 and 23, the upper
along the line I2-I2 in Figure 11;
outer bar 22 being secured as by welding to cross
Figure 13 is a bottom plan View of a portion
bars 24 and 25. The lower bar 23 is connected to
of the carriage frame.
cross bars 25 and 21. Secured between cross bar
Referring more specifically to the drawings, 30 25, and the forward portion of top bar 20 is a
the numeral I indicates a tractor having a lon
brace bar 29. Between the forward ends of the
gitudinallydisposed center portion Ia with a
cuter »bars 22 and 23, there is disposed, as by
pair of change gear transmissions ib and Ic dis
welding, a sloping bar 28 which has adjustably
posed between the engine of the tractor and the
mounted in its lower forward end an adjustable
axle mechanism disposed in axle housing Id.
ñnger 30 by means of a set screw 3|. On the ex
These two change gear transmissions permit the
ter-ior of the lower end of sloping bar 28, there is
tractor to move very slowly, say about 1,000 feet
a cuir 32. A sheet metal cowling member 34 has
per hour, to thus give time to the crew to take
the exterior edges thereof indicated by dotted
care of the celery as fast as it is cut. The trac
lines 34, and is adapted to be secured in position
tor has front wheels 2, pivotally mounted to the 40 by means of a plurality of screws 35. This cowl
front axle 2a as at 2b which are directed by a
ing is omitted in all of the drawings except in
suitable steering' mechanism indicated by refer
Figure 4 where the top edge of the same is shown
ence’characters 2c and 2d. Secured to the pins
and is indicated by reference character 36.
2b and cranks 2e are guards 2f for preventing
Disposed between the upper bars 22 and the
the wheels from bruising the rows of celery as
lower bars 23 is a plate member 4i) and also dis
they pass between the rows of celery. rl‘he trac
posed between the upper barV 29 -and the lower
tor has rear wheels 3, and the axle Id has suit
bar ZI is a plate member 4I. These plate mem
able flanges or hub portions 3a and 3a’ to which
bers each have suitable notches 42 therein in
is secured a suitable Cowling 3b for preventing
which a bolt 43 is mounted which penetrates a
the wheels 3 from bruising the rows of celery. 50 hub 44 of a ground wheel 45.
Secured by any suitable means such as bolts to
Welded to the cross bar 25 and extending
the flanges 3a’ of the rear axle are angle brack
downwardly is a bar 50 whose lower end is weld
ets 4 to which are secured as by welding pipes 5
ed¢to a cross bar 5I, and in this bar 50 is a notch
and 6. To the rear end of pipes 5 and 6 is a draw
52 in which ‘a'bolt 53 is conñned, this bolt being
bar 'I having hooks -8 pivotally secured there 55 the bearing spindle of 'a suitable bearing 55 which
around, which hooks 8 have a hooked front por
has ñxedly secured thereto a disk colter 51.
tion which is adapted to hook beneath one of the
Vertically disposed and secured to plate 40 by
rear transverse frame portions of the cutters to
any suitable means such as by welding is a
be hereinafter described for holding the cutters
guide member'lìo having slidably mounted there
in elevated position when they are not in oper 60 in arshank 6I of a cutting blade 62. This cutting
ation. These cutters to be hereinafter described
blade 62 projects outwardly and rearwardly from
are secured to a transverse draw bar I0 which isY
the side of the frame for cutting celery stalks
welded or-otherwise secured to the front ends of
459 'immediately below the junction point of the
the bars or pipes 5 and Iì. The center portion of
leaves thereon and sufficiently high as t'o cut a
this front draw bar I0 is secured to the portion 05 minimum of the ground roots of the 'celery so as
I a of the tractor by any suitable means such as
`to minimize the ‘stripping operation. The rows
strap members S being secured to the bar Iû and
of celery 58 are indicated by dotted lines in Fig
to the tractor portion Ia.
ure 1. The vcelery stalks must be cut low enough
As previously described, the draw bar I0 ex
to prevent the leaves falling apart, and yet high
tends transversely of the tractor, and to which 70 enough as to prevent any undue amount of roots
a plurality of cutter frames are adapted to have
diheîrfront end secured by any suitable means,
but in the drawings I have shown the draw bar
I0 as having a plurality of cuffs II adjustably
mounted thereon for confining the cutter frames
being left on'the ce‘lery'stalk‘s.
The upper en'd 'of 'the 'shank 6I vhas pivotally
secured thereto 'as at'64 a link 65 which is pivoted
at its forward end as at 66 to the inner'surface
of the sloping bar 28. To the rear end of the
shank and blade to shed any debris which might
collectfthereon if itshould not' be cut by. the
bar 65, there is pivotally mounted one _end of a
link 61,'the lower end of linkV 6l being ïpivotally
connected to alleg 6B which is~ rigidly connected
blade, as it‘will slide off theend of .theblades
due to .their slope rearwardly .as theyV progress
to and forms apart of a lever 09 pivotally mount
ed as at 63 to the inner surface of a ’vertically
Releasably secured to the rear draw bar l and
in spaced relation to each other are a pair of
trailing carriages or conveyers designated broad
disposedA post> 'i 0 secured Ybetwee'n- the upper tbar
22 and thelower bar 23. YA similar post 'll is
disposed vvbetween and secured to the upper’ and
ly- by-reference characters A and B, saidcarriages
or conveyers being identical in structure, except
that one is opposite vhand yto the'other, vanda
20 and
2|. of
« » the« transverse
'f bar`~ 26|,
thereis-secured a quadrant 13 which projects
forwardly in spaced relation Ato the top bar 22',
description >of one willlrepresent a description of
and at its front lend is -bent inwardlyfand con
Ithe other as the structure is-identical except for
nected to the `bar-22, thusy providing av slot in
lits being opposite hand»
justed position.
comprises an elongated Aframework madeup of
This lever has pivoted onv the upper end thereof
a suitable pawl ‘|4«for holding the-lever in ad#
Each of theV carriages or conveyers A -and. B
which’the lever 69 is adapted to have movement.
side plates or boards |00 and |0| with a top plate
or >board |02 and with suitable'crosspieces |03
It is'thus seen that byA adjusting thelever S0
along the quadrant v13, the vertical position of
the'cutter 62 can be easily adjusted while th
machine is in operation. ~ ~
Pivotally secured on bolts 00 ‘disposed in one
of the upright bars 1 |> are links'80 and'8| . These
links 80 and 8| each have a plurality of »holes 82
adapted to be penetrated Yby the bolts 8S. The
other ends of the bars 80» and 0| have notches
33-therein which ñt over bolts 06' in the inner
and diagonal braces |04, and for a goodly portion
of the length of this frame strap iron members
I 05 and |00 extend for guiding an endless belt
|01; The endless belt is mounted at each end of
the framework `on rollers- |08 and |09 ñxedly
disposed on shafts ||0'and |||, respectively. To
the front end of side boards |00 and |0|, respec
tively there are secured plates ||2 and ||3 onA
which angle'brackets'lht and ||5 are mounted
which are slotted as at ||0 and ||'| respectively,
and penetrating these slots are bolts | I8 and H0,
upright bar'll of the other cutter frame.
In operation, a plurality of thesecutters `are
secured to the elongated’transversely disposed
respectively, Which'penetrate bearings |20 and |2|
respectively for the shaft’l |0.-` '
: -
draw bar I0 vsecured‘to a tractor, and the frames
are adjustedv relative to'each other 'as'to suit
Disposed between the free ends of the plates
|| 2 and ||3 are the bolts |25 .which'have spacer
the width'of the middle being traversed by the
sleeves ~ |26 disposed between lthe approximate
frames. »f The ?inger'30 is adjusted relative to the 35 >surface ofthe plates | |2.and H3, and the lower
edge of each one of the plates ||2 and H3 has-a
ground to- cause it to ~pick~ ‘up` the green' leaves
notch |21 which is adapted to hook yover the draw
of celery which might be fallen partiallytoward
bar ’i forpulling the carriages over the celery field.
the ground andfraise them upwardly, and direct
This type of connection allows quick disconnec
them over the front edge ofthe sloping bar 28
and to the exterior of the >-cowlingn3|5 disposed 40 tion of the carriages from the draw bar-'l Yat the
end of a row when it is desired to turn the tractor
on the exterior of the frame. nHowever, the nn
-ger 30 is not adjusted close'enough to the> ground
to pick up the dead> leaves which have'fallen
downwardly onto the ground, and these are al
lowed to pass rearwardly and to be‘severed -by
the colter disk 5'1 before the celery. stalks are cut
`by theblades 62.
- By means of‘ the individual ground wheel for
each lframe'an'd the pivotal connection between
into another set ofV rows and to pull the carriages
by hand around and connect them onto the rear
draw bar 'l of the tractory VThe rear- end of the
Gl framework has secured thereto brackets|28 and
.l 29 to which are secured bearings |30 and |3| for
receiving theshaft> ||‘| of the’roller'lûälx»v
A plurality of brackets |312'larefse'cured to the
exterior' surfaces ofthe side boardsy l‘ílßfan'd |0|
theframes,` it is seen that due to the fact that 50 for rotatably> supportingïa vplurality of rollers ' |33
which rollers are adapted to support >tht-:flower
the cuff members l2 and I3 are looselymounted
portion of the endless belt |01 on itsforward
on the pipe |I, that each frame can have indi'
travel to theY front portion of `the carriage.v Dis
vidual A‘vertical movement relative to the other
posed'beneath each ofthe frames A and B is 'a
Vframe without affecting in> any manner the other
Íframe except that it might draw it a fraction 55 transverse axle |35 having wheels |30 and |3l
of an inch away from the row which ’it is cut'
on its ends. and it will be noted that the- carriages
ting'. v This yallows each ground v‘wheel which is
are mounted, knot 'in »the _middle o'f- eachf'of ~'the
-running close bythe rowf'of celery to regulate
axles, but nearer the'wheels |31 than» the vwheels
|36 so as to cause the carriages to be disposed
at the proper position relative to the rowsv of
celery and so that these carriages will not be
above a rowof celery thus interfering with the
strippers in the picking of -the‘ bunchesY of celery
for stripping and depositing onto the end-less belt.
This arrangement also permits one to walk be;
tween the proximate wheels of the two carriages.
.The longer portion oi each of-these‘axles‘ has a
`thedepth of cut'of the celery stalks by its asso
ciated blade. Furthermorait'is to be noted that
the point of cutting is at right angles to the
-lowermost portion of the-Wheel, so that'as the
contour of ground changes, `the depth of the
cutter blades will also change, so as to cut the
celery at a predetermined depth below the top of .
the ground at all times and regardless of the
contour of the land.
v-lt _is also toï be notedV that the front cutting `
edge of each cutter‘extends upwardly along its
shank, so as to cut undesirable leaves and other
debris that may lodge against it,` vandalso that
this frontvertical portion-of the shank‘whichfis
sharpened and merges into thei horizontally dis'
:posed cuttingedge yof the bladeisv sloped 'in- the
4saniezmanner as thenblade'giso‘las toácausefthe
brace~|38 welded theretdand suitablyAV secured
>«to the adjacent side wall of the carriage frame. '.5
Mounted on vthe exteriorusurfaces -of »thev side
iwalls |00 and lûvl'of the carriage is a plurality o_f
Auprights |40, >UH, A423,v andfl43. AThese have
secured on. the-.upper ends' thereof-1 angle- irons
._ I 44 .and .|45 and -spanning .the » distance-»between
Secured to the bars |42 and |43 and also to a bar
|48 is a guide bar |49 which has its front end
outturned as at |49a for guiding the celery stalks
through the apparatus, the butts of the celery
stalks being adapted to be placed on the belt |511
and an operator arranges the celery bunches so
their butts will be against the guide bar |49.
Mounted on the transverse bars |45 and |41 is
rearwardly, a plurality of platforms, securedon
the carriage rearwardly of the cutter for sup
porting boxes into which the celery stalks are
adapted to be placed after they have passed by
the cutter to have their tops severed therefrom.
2. A celery harvester comprising a tractor, a
pair of longitudinally disposed bars secured to
the tractor and disposed beneath the rear axle
thereof, a transversely disposed front draw bar
a suitable prime mover such as a gasoline engine
|55 which has a pulley |5| 'secured on the pro 10 secured to the front end of the pair of bars and
to the tractor, a rear draw bar disposed trans~
jecting end of its drive shaft |52 and mounted on
this pulley |5| is a belt |53 which is also disposed
on a pulley |54 mounted on a transverse shaft
|55 secured in suitable bearings, not shown, suit
versely and behind the tractor and secured to
the rear end of said pair of bars, a„plurality of
means carried by the front draw bar for cutting
ably aiiixed to the lower portion of the carriage 15 a plurality of rows of celery, a pair of elongated
wheeled frames secured in spaced relation to
framework. This shaft |55 on its other end has a
sprocket wheel |51 secured thereon on which a
each other to the rear draw bar, each frame
having an endless belt thereon, a prime mover
mounted on each elongated frame and being
wheel |59 ñxed on a shaft IBI) which >is mounted 20 connected to the endless belt for driving the same
to propel stalks of celery laid thereon rearwardly
in suitable bearings, not shown, disposed on the
of the elongated wheeled frames, a rotary cut
lower portion of the carriage framework. This
ter disposed on each of the elongated frames
shaft |60 projects laterally below the carriage
and driven by the prime mover thereon for cut
framework, and has a sprocket wheel |62 ñxed
thereon on which a sprocket chain |63 is mounted 25 ting the tops of ` celery bunches as they move
rearwardly on the endless belt.
which is also disposed on a sprocket wheel |5fl
3. A celery harvesting apparatus comprising
ñxed on the shaft ||| on which roller |93 is
a prime mover provided with a pair of -spaced
fixedly mounted.
rear wheels, each spaced apart from each other
The shaft |55 has also secured thereon a pulley
|65 on which a belt |65 is mounted which is crossed 30 so that each wheel will travel between two ad-jacent rows of celery, a front transversely dis
to give the proper direction of rotation to the
posed draw bar mounted on the prime mover
cutter or saw presently to be described, and this
and disposed in front of the said wheels,` a rear
belt |66 is mounted on a pulley |51 disposed on a
sprocket chain |58 is mounted, which _sprocket
chain is also disposed on an enlarged sprocket
shaft |68 mounted in bearings |69 and |10
mounted on the top portion of angle irons M4 and`
transversely draw bar secured to the prime'mover
and disposed tothe rear of said wheels, the
front draw bar -having secured thereto on both
vertical and horizontal pivots the lfront `end of
On one end of the shaft |68 is disposed a saw
a plurality of wheeled frames, each frame being
or rotary'cutter |1| for cutting the tops oiî of the
disposed between two rows of celery, each
celery plants as they are directed through the
apparatus. A suitable guard for the saw or cutter 40 frame having projecting from each side thereof
a cutting blade for cutting the adjacent rows of
|1| is indicated by dotted lines |12.
celery, a pair of elongated wheeled frames hav
Secured beneath the lower edge of the carriage
ing their front ends secured to the tractor and
frame by any suitable means such as bolts |15,
having a conveyor disposed thereon for con
are bars |16 and | 11 which support a pair of
veying the stalks of celery, deposited transversely
platforms |18 and |19 on which ñeld boxes can
and in side-by-side relation thereon, rearwardly
be placed for packing the celery stalks thereinto
of the elongated wheeled frames, means on the
after they have passed by the cutter |1| and have
elongated wheeled frames for guiding the‘butt
reached a point where they can be reached by
portions of the celery stalks, a rotary cutter on
operators walking slowly along the ground ad
the elongated wheeled frames adapted to sever
jacent the carriages or conveyers for picking up . .
the top portions of the celery stalks as they pass
the celery stalks and depositing them into the
rearwardly’on the conveyor, and a plurality of
field boxes.
platforms carried by the elongated Awheeled
In the drawings and specification, there has
frames onto which ñeld boxes can be placed for
been set forth a preferred embodiment of the
packing the` stalks of celery therein >after their
invention, and although speciñc terms are em- .
tops have been severed therefrom.
ployed, they are used in a generic and descrip
4. Celery harvesting apparatus comprising a
tive sense only, and not for purposes of limita
tion, the scope of the invention being deñned in
tractor having a front and re‘ar wheel, and hav
the claims.
ing a rear axle housing, a pair of pipes secured
I claim:
60 to the lower portion of the axle housing adjacent
l. Celery harvesting apparatus comprising a
tractor having front and rear transversely dis
posed draw bars thereon, a plurality of wheeled
frames secured to the front draw bar and hav~
ing a blade projecting laterally from each side of
each frame for cutting adjacent rows of celery,
a pair of elongated carriages releasably secured
to the rear draw bar and trailing behind the
tractor in spaced relation to each other, each
-carriage -having an endless belt thereon for con~
veying stalks of cut celery which are deposited
in side by side relation thereon, means for guid
the rear wheels and projecting forwardly and
rearwardly of the tractor, a transversely dis
posed front draw bar disposed on the front end
of said pipes and a transversely disposed rear
draw bar disposed on the rear ends of saidy pipes,
a plurality of wheeled cutter frames adapted to
be disposed between two rows of celery, there
being one frame between each two rows of celery,
means on the front draw bar for pivotally se
curing the front ends of the frames on both
vertical and horizontal pivots for,allowingV uni
versal swinging movement kof Ythe cutter frames
ing the stalks of celery through the apparatus,
relative to thefront ,draw bar, means on the
a cutter disposed on each carriage for cutting
,the tops from thestalks of celery 4as they move
rear draw _bar for engaging 4the rear ends ofthe
frames »and holding'th'em in elevated position
for transportation purposes, each Aof the cutter
frames having a laterally and rearwardly pro
jecting blade extending from opposed sides
thereof for cutting adjacent rows of celery, the
cutter frames having their sides in> close prox
imity to the rows of celery and whereby the rows
of celery will be pushed away. from the frames
onto their sides as they are cut by the laterally
projecting blades.
» the carriages', means for securing the front end
of the carriages to the rear draw bar, each ofy
the carriages having thereon a vertically-rising
guide bar disposed at one side of the conveyor
for guiding the butt ends of the stalks of celery
rearwardly as they travel along with the con
veyor, a rotary cutter disposed on the other side
of each conveyor remote from the guide bar for
severing the tops of celery as they are conveyed
5. A structure according to claim 4 in which 10 rearwardly, each carriage having disposed rear
a plurality of wheeled carriages are disposed
wardly of the cutter one or more platforms onto
which the ñeld boxes can be deposited for pack
behind the rear draw bar and having two ground
ing the cut celery stalks therein as they emerge
wheels disposed so as to travel in the path of
from the rotary cutter.
the cutter frames, each of the carriages having
an endless conveyor thereon for conveying stalks 15
of cut celery deposited thereon rearwardly of
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