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Патент USA US2410892

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Nov. 12, 1946.
O. H. MERZ
2,410,892
SLIDING DOOR
Filed Aug. 14, 1944
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INVENTOR.
WE-
MN
2,410,892
Patented Nov. 12‘, 1946
UNITED STATE s: PATENT OFFICE" ~
2,410,892
SLIDING noon
Otto H. "Merz, Wauwatosa, Wis.; Marine National,
Exchange ‘Bank of Milwaukee executor of said
I
_ Otto H..Me1fz,-deceased
Application August 14, 1944, Serial No. 549,371
I 3 Claims. _ (Cl. 16-93)
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requires minimum attention after having been
My present invention relates in general‘ to im
provements in sliding door assemblages'and re
lates more speci?cally to various improvements
in the construction and operation of Sliding door
properly made and assembled.
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A further speci?c object of this invention is to
provide an improved hanger for sliding doors and
an improved guide rail with which the: door
hanger is c00perab1e,‘b0th‘of which may be fur
nished as a compact unit for ready installation
Structures formed primarily of wood or other non
, metallic materials.
The primary object of the present invention
in a sliding door assemblage. 1 ‘a
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is to provide a new and useful sliding door unit
‘Still another speci?c object of the invention is
which is simple and durable in construction and
10 to Provide an improved sliding door suspension
highly effective in use.
.formed entirely of relatively durable and inex
In the building industry, it has heretofore been
pensive materials, and which will permit ready
desirable to provide sliding door units adapted
to be bodily applied to certain walls of a build
ing in relatively compact form and without 'neces-
removal of the door panel and at least portions
ofthe suspension mechanism, and convenient re
sarily increasing the‘wall thickness in order’to 15
accommodate the door. These door‘ units ordi
narily consisted of a door panel hung from an
overhead track by means of several spaced rollers,
and adapted to be slid into a central housing
space provided in the wall adjoining the door‘
opening. In some instances, the overhead guide
tracks were formed directly on the wooden head
jambs or door headers, but the suspension rollers
which coacted with these tracks and the hangers
which united the rollers with the door panel, were
universally formed of metal such as die castings.
The material from which these die castings were
made has become di?icult to obtain, and the same
installation thereof.‘
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These and other objects and advantages of this
invention will be apparent from the following de
tailed
description.
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A clear conception of the several features con
20 stituting the present improvement, and of the
mode of constructing, installing and of manipu
lating sliding doorunits built in accordance with
the invention, may be had by referring to the
drawing accompanying and forming a part of this
I speci?cation wherein like reference characters
designate the same or similar parts in the various
views.
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' Fig. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic perspective
view of a typical sliding door assemblage em
is true of the other hardware usually applied to 30 bodying my invention, the outer wal1 covering ‘
such doors, and the use of the localized metal
having been broken away in order to reveal nor
rollers on relatively heavy door panels was also
mally concealed structure;
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quite objectionable because the weight of the door
Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse section through
would cause the metal rollers to indent'and rapid
the improved door suspension, taken along the
ly wear the wooden guides. While some of these
line 2-'—2 of Fig. 1; and
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prior roller suspended sliding door assemblages‘
Fig. 3 is a similarly enlarged fragmentary and
were also provided with means for effecting re
sectional view taken longitudinally through one
moval or detachment of the door panel from the
hangers and rollers, these prior detaching struc
of the suspension headers and looking toward the »
door suspension slides and guides.
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tures did not permit convenient removal of the 40 While the invention has been’shown and de
scribed herein as having been applied to'a typi
rollers and tracks, and it is frequently desirable
cal single panel sliding door and having alll'major
to effect removal of. the hangers,‘ rollers, and at
parts thereof formed of wood, it is not my'desire
least portions of the guideway, as well as of the
door
panels.
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0r intention to thereby unnecessarily restrict the .
It is therefore a more speci?c object of’ the pres-, 45 utility of the improvement, andit is intended that
the term “wood” as used herein, should include‘
ent invention to provide an improved sliding door
the various vegetable ?bre plastic compositions
unit which eliminates the use of metal except for
being employed in the building industry ‘as wood
the screws or nails required to maintain the struc
substitutes.
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ture properly assembled, and which can be pro
Referring to the drawing,~.the improvedsliding
duced from wood or similar relatively inexpensive
door unit shown therein,*comprises in general. a
and available materials.
frame 5 constituting part of. a wall and having-a
Another speci?c object of my invention is to
door opening 6 and anormally ,concealeddoor
provide a durable Wooden sliding door assemblage
, housing space ‘I ‘adjoining one'side ofthe Opening
which is extremely compact and strong in con
struction, and which is easily manipulable and 55 6; an elongated wooden header 8v spanning’. the
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2,410,892
tops of the opening 6 and space 'I and having a
lower central recess 9 therein; a main door panel
I0 slidable along and beneath the recess 9 from
a position closing the opening 6 to a position of
substantial concealment within said space; a door
suspension plate II rigidly secured to the top of
the panel III centrally thereof and extending up
wardly and-centrally within the'recess 9; aypair
of elongated slides I 2 ?rmly secured to the oppo
4
?tted within grooves in the header 8 so as to pre
vent inward displacement of the guides; and each
guide I3 is formed of alined horizontal sections
which coact along obliquely inclined end sur
faces 33 as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. The guide
sections 34 which span the door opening 6, are
detachably secured to the adjacent header por
tion, by means of screws ‘35, and are additionally
held in place by the upper stops I8 and screws
site sides of the upper portion of the suspension 10 I9 as depicted in Fig. 2; but the sections of the
plate II within the recess 9; and a pair of elon
guides I3 which are above the space ‘I, may be
gated T-shaped guides I 3 secured to and extend
permanently attached to the header 8 in any
ing throughout the length of the header 9 within
suitable manner. The door guides I3 may also
the recess 9, and with which the adjacent "slides
be accurately ‘constructed of durable hard wood
I2 have substantially line sliding coaction when
or the like; and when the plates I8 and screws
ever the door is opened or closed.
35 are removed, the door panel I 0 with its plate
The frame 5 of the unit may be provided with
II, slides I2 and strips 24 may be ‘freely removed
upright studding I4 for ?rmly supporting the
or applied through the door opening 6.
header 8, and to which plaster, wall board or
'When the improved sliding door has been con
other suitable outer covering I5 may be applied
structed and assembled as above described, the
so as to enclose the space ‘I; and the frame 5
door panel In may befreely'shifted from a posi
may also be rigidly interconnected by horizontal
tion wherein ‘it completely covers the opening ‘6
and diagonal braces I6 on, the opposite sides of
to a position wherein it is entirely con?ned With
the-space ‘I, see Fig. 1. The door opening 6 may
be provided with ordinary casings I1 on the
opposite sides of the frame 5, and with removable
upper stops I8 located'on opposite sides vof and
beneath the recess 9, the'latter being detachably
in the ‘space 1,. by merely utilizing the handle 22
as an actuating medium. The slides I2 will ob
viously move freely along the slight grooves 30
of the guides I3 during such sliding movement
of the door panel I!) and the guide buttons 23
secured to the header'8 by means of screws I9, see
will prevent the panel from swinging into con
Fig. 2. The elongated header 8 may be formed of 30 tact with the internal structure of the frame 5.
several standard studs or wood beams, such as
If it becomes desirable to remove'the door panel
two-by-fours, separated by a spacer board 28, but
I0, this may be readily accomplished by'merely
?rmly united by fasteners such as nails 2I; and
removing the screws I9 and the top plates I8,
the recess 9 should be accurately formed and
and by thereafter removing the screws 35 so as
must be straight throughout its length. Suitable 35 to release the guides I3. The door panel I0 may
nail shields may also be provided on the oppo
then be swung out of place through the opening
site sides of the header 8, in order to prevent nails
6, and the structure may be just as readily
from entering the recess 9.
assembled by reversing these several operations.
The main door panel I0 may be of anydesired
During sliding‘ of the'door panel I0, the chamfers
length, Width and thickness, and may be provided 40 28 will cause the slides I2 to pass smoothly over
with one or'more decorative auxiliary panels, and
the inclined joint surfaces 33, but these inclined
with an actuating handle 22; and suitable guid
surfaces ,33 also facilitate maintenance of a
.ing buttons 23 adapted to coact with adjacent
smooth guide track when the structure has been
braces I6 in order to maintain the lower portion
assembled.
of the main panel I0 centrally within the space 45
From the foregoingdetailed description it will
‘I, may also be provided, see ‘Fig. 1. The door
be apparent that my ‘present invention provides
suspension plate II should be formed of durable
an improved sliding door assemblage which is
ply-wood or the like, and should extend through
simple, compact and durable in vconstruction, and
out the width of the main panel I 9, and is rigidly
which is moreoverhighly efficient in use. The
secured to the top of the panel I0>by means of 50 sliding door assemblage can be made entirely of
attaching strips 24 which are clamped to the
wood or similar non-metallic material, with ordi
plate II by transverse through bolts 25 ‘and are
nary woodworking machinery, and'the fastenings
?rmly connected to the panel ’I0 by a series of
'for. holding the assemblage together may be of
inclined screws 26, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
ordinary and available construction. The im
The elongated slides I2 are of'similar‘rectilinear 55 proved sliding door structure requiresno special
formation and are preferably constructed ofhard
lubrication or other attention, may be manufac
and durable wood or other material havingan
tured and installed at moderate cost, and presents
oily texture, and these slides I2 are of the same
an extremely neat appearance. The assemblage
length as the suspension plate“ and are ?rmly
is also extremely strong and may ‘be applied to
clamped to the opposite sides of this plate by 60 walls or partitions of ordinary thickness, either
means of other ‘bolts v2‘I as illustrated in Figs. 2
singly or in double reversed units, and hasproven
and 3. The front and rear ends of the laterally
‘highly satisfactory in actual operation. If so
projecting or overhung slides I 2, arepreferably
desired, vertical elongated adjustable. stops simi
provided with chamfers 28 as indicated in Fig. 3,
lar to the ordinary window stops, may he applied
and the slides I2'h-ave substantially straight’ line
to the side jamb‘of the‘door'remote from“ the
.
space 'I for receiving the edge of the panel I0
The elongated T-shaped guides I3 with which
when closed. vThe speci?c formation of the elon
the adjacent slides I2‘ coact to slidably support the
gated slides I2 and-guides I3 reduces friction to
door panel ID, are also of similar rectilinear for
a minimum, ‘and insures smooth sliding of the
mation, and ‘each of these guides .13 “is provided 70 door from the fixed guide-sections to the remov
with ‘a later-ally projecting ledge "29"ihaving a
able guide sections, while stilt-permitting con
slight guide groove} 30in its top,iand withiian
venient removal of the suspension mechanism
inclined surface'3I facing the suspension‘ plate
and of the panel. The improved construction of
contact with the ?xed guides I 3. .
II. ‘The guides I3 are'also-providedwith integral
panel suspension mechanism-also- provides‘a
"upwardly extending ?anges 32 which are snugly: 76 the
continuous‘ support ‘above ‘the "door' panel‘ which
2,410,892
6
2. A sliding door hanger comprising, a horizon
precludes formation of local indentations or
tally elongated upright suspension plate extend
notches in the guides when the door is subjected
ing substantially throughout the width of the
to abuse such as when children ride the door, and
door panel and being disposed centrally of the
the removable sections 34 of the guides also per
panel, means for effecting attachment of the
mit ready replacement of worn or defective parts
lower portion of said plate to the door panel,
of the hanger mechanism which are normally
horizontally elongated slides secured to the oppo
concealed and which might be subject .to exces
site sides of the upper plate portion and also ex
sive wear due to such abuse. While the buttons
tending substantially throughout the width of the
23 provide simple means for centralizing the door
panel [0, these may obviously be replaced by a 10 door panel, and an elongated stationary wooden
guide projecting beneath each of said slides to
'bottom guide secured to the lower end of the panel
ward and in close proximity to the opposite sides
and projecting laterally therefrom.
of the medial portion of said plate, each of said
It should be understood that it is not desired
guides having a slight top groove extending
to limit this invention to the exact details of
throughout its length and each of said slides
construction, or to the precise mode of operation,
being provided with a longitudinal bottom ridge
herein shown and described, for various modi?
having substantially line contact only with the
cations within the scope of the appended claims
may occur to persons skilled in the art.
I claim:
1. A sliding door hanger comprising, a horizon
tally elongated upright suspension plate extend
ing substantially throughout the width of the
door panel and being disposed centrally of the
panel, attaching strips secured to the opposite
sides of the lower plate portion for effecting
attachment thereof to the door panel, horizontally
elongated slides secured to the opposite side-s of
the upper plate portion and also extending sub
stantially throughout the width of the door panel,
adjacent guide groove.
3. A sliding door hanger comprising, a horizon
20
tally elongated upright ply-wood suspension plate
extending substantially throughout the Width of
the door panel and being disposed centrally of
the panel, wooden attaching strips secured to the
opposite sides of the lower plate portion for ef
fecting attachment thereof to the door panel,
horizontally elongated wooden slides secured to
, the opposite sides of the upper plate portion and
also extending substantially throughout the width
of the door panel, and an elongated stationary
and an elongated stationary guide projecting 30 Wooden guide projecting beneath each of said
slides toward and in close proximity to the oppo
beneath each of said slides toward and in close
site sides of the medial portion of said plate, each
proximity to the opposite sides of the medial por
of said guides having a slight guide groove ex
tion of said plate, each of said guides having a
tending throughout its length and each of said
slight guide groove extending throughout its
length and each of said slides being provided with 35 slides being provided with a longitudinal depend
ing ridge having substantially line contact only
a longitudinal depending ridge having substan
with the adjacent guide groove.
tially line contact only with the adjacent guide
OTTO H.'MERZ.
groove.
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