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Патент USA US2411095

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Nov. 12,1946.
2 ,411 ,095
Filed June 24, ‘1944
FIG. 2.
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Patented Nov. 12, 1946
Edward L. Kiser, St. Louis, Mo., assignor of one
fourth toHoward L. Kiser, one-fourth to Archie
E. Kiser, and one-fourth to William E. Kiser
Application June 24, 1944, Serial No. 541,87}
5 Claims. ((21. 116~—-175)
This invention relates to a novel device for dis
playing appropriate signals on the locomotive of
a train.
At present, the signals or ?ags employed on.
locomotives have numerous inherent disadvan
tages. The ?ag-stair is wooden and breaks easily.
The flag proper is of cloth and shreds or disinte- _
grates quickly under adverse or even favorable
bolts l as shown, or by welding, to the smokebox
L’ of the locomotive, the locale of the devicecor
‘ responding tothat of. present day signals.- It is
here noted, that an identical signal‘ device is
mounted correspondingly onv the opposite side of
the locomotive though not illustrated’ in the
Preferably, the supporting bracket B is gen
weather conditions. Unusually violent air cur
rents occasionally dislodge the flag from its 10 erally of inverted channel-shaped cross-section,
and includes a relatively short lvertical side por
socket; rain and similar ‘unfavorable weather
tion 3, a relatively. long side portion t, and a- hori
conditions play havoc- with its proper function
zontal web portion 5, which may have an integral _
ing. Frequently soot and grime adhering to the
extendingrshelf portion 5a, to provide»
surface thereof obliterate, to some extent at least,
a base for mounting a night signal lamp indicated
the color of the ?ag.
15 in broken lines, Figs. 3 and 4.
The primary object of my invention is to over
As best seen in Figs. 2 and 6, the side wall por
come these defects by providing a simple, easily
tion 4 of bracket 13 is offset as at 6 and then ‘con
mountable signal device, requiring no deviation
tinues rearwardly as at‘! for a reason to be ex
in present locomotive construction. In other
hereinafter. A suitable bracket 3, welded
words, the device of my conception is readily 20
or otherwise secured to the smokebox 2 and to
‘adaptable to locomotives in use at the present
said portion '1 may be employed to minimize vi
bration. An integral horizontal forwardly eX
More speci?cally, it is an object of my inven- ‘
tending ledge 9, is formed in the wall 5. at its
tion to provide a sturdy, simply constructed and
upper end as shown.
operated device which will meet all the require
At least two signals, hereinafter referred to as
ments of the railway signal code, which will func- _
?ags, are .pivotally mounted and supported on the
tion eiiectively under all weather conditions, and
wall 4 as indicated at Hi. In accordance‘ with the
which will obviatethe loss of, removal of, and
present railway signal code, one of these ?ags,
replacement of ?ags.
indicated generally by the symbol GF is green;
Another object of- the invention is the provision
the other, designated WF, is white.
of a relatively in?exible flag, which in use simu
Both ?ags are of identical construction ‘and
lates the fluttering cloth ?ag presently employed,
relatively in?exible weather proof material. Each
which may be cleansed by washingshould soot
includes a sta? I I, apertured to accommodate the
and grime be found adhering to its surface, and
pivot ill, and an ensign or ?ag proper 'l2-,‘pro
which may .be repainted
color fade or become dull.
occasionally should. its -
A further object of the invention is the‘ pro
vision of means whereby a selected signal may be
displayed, and means whereby a selected signal
may be hidden from View.
Other objects and features of the invention will
be apparent or pointed out‘ in the followed de
tailed description.
vided with at least one or more laterally protrud
ing vertical ribs or corrugations l3. Preferably,
said rib or ribs are elongated to extend at least
across the major portion of the member I2. Ob
viously they may extend from the upper to the
lower margin of the flag if desired.
The forward or leading edge ill of each ?ag is
oifset at right angles to thebody portion it there
of as best shown in Figs. 2 and 4, said offset ?ange
In the drawing which illustrates a preferred
extending across and terminating inwardly be
embodiment of the invention,
45 yond the inner margin of the staff. Suitable
Fig. l is a side elevational view of my device
means, such as nut and bolt assemblies 15, may
be employed to unify the stall and ?ag.
An inspection of Figs. 3 and 6 reveals that the
Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof on an enlarged
lower extremity of each staff H is reduced in
50 Width to provide a depending extension l6 and
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but on an en
a pair of shoulders or abutments I‘! for coopera
larged scale to more clearly present details of
tion with a compound leaf spring assembly l8
pivotally supported as shown at l9 on the bracket
Fig. 4 is a front elevational view of the device;
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional View on an enlarged 55 8. The lower spring member iBa of the assembly
bears against an abutment 2B, welded or other
scale, being taken on line 5—5 in Fig. 3;
wise secured to the bracket wall 4. The upper
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the
spring. member I81) is provided with a pair. of
device per se.
spaced slots 2!, 2m, of a size to. accommodate
As shown to best advantage in Fig. 4, the device,
the reduced extensions l6 of the. spaced ?ag
generally indicated A, includes a suitably con 60 e'taffs
mounted in proper position on a railway locomo
toured supporting bracket B, rigidly secured by
It is here noted that, .as clearly shown in Fig.
tionship with one another and with wall 4 by a
pair of collars 22 mounted on the pivot pin Ill.
The device operates in the following manner.
Assuming that a train is to proceed under the
tical position, said means comprising spaced slots
formed in the upper leaf of said spring assembly
in alinement with said staffs, whereby the re
duced portion of a selected staff is adapted to
enter the slot in alinement therewith and be
releasably maintained in display position thereby,
7 green flag, then the various elements of the device
occupy the positions illustrated. The green flag
' GE‘ is on display, while the white flag WF is
hidden from view behind the off-set portion or
blind ‘i of bracket wall 4. The green ?ag is main
tained in display position by leaf spring member
itb, which ‘bears against the shoulders ll’ of green
staff H, the reduced extension iii of the latter
being encompassedby the slot 2| in said spring
a ledge on the bracket adapted to support. the
staif of the other signal member in horizontal
position, an offset shield portion on the bracket
.of a size adapted to completely conceal the horié
16 zontally positioned signal member, means secured
to the bracket and to‘ the shield to minimize
vibration of the latter, and a suspended base on
" the bracket adapted for mounting a night signal
‘ However, since the major portion of the ?ag is
unfettered though relatively in?exible, a slight
, lateral undulation thereof is had as the locomo- ’
’ tive proceeds.
face, a leaf spring assembly» mounted on the
bracket and provided with means adapted in
cooperation with said reduced extension to main
tain the sta'lf of a selected signal member in ver
5, the staffs H are maintained in spaced rela-'
‘lamp thereon.
j 3. In a railway signal device adapted for mount
The laterally protruding ribs l6 ‘
thus present to the eyes of one who observes the
approaching locomotive, a simulation of the flut
tering cloth ?ag now in use. In this connection,
it is pointed out that the ?ange l4, being of
‘ greater width than, the staff I I, also enhances the
visibility of the on-coming flag.
ing on a locomotive by means of a bracket and
including at least two spaced signal members
each comprising a rigid pivotally mounted staff
and a relatively in?exible flag portion secured
thereto, a plurality of elongated laterally protrud
ing ribs formed in each ?ag portion on one side
thereof, and an integral flange portion constitut
ing the leading edge extending beyond the oppo»
The white flag WF, at this time, its staff H in
horizontal position and resting on the ledge 9, is
hidden from view as indicated by broken lines in ‘
site side thereof.
Fig. 3.
Assuming now that a white flag, run is 30
scheduled, an attendant (usually the ?reman
of the locomotive) manually depresses the leaf
spring member [8b,positions the green flag GF
4. In a railway signal device adapted for mount~
ing on a locomotive by means of a bracket and
including at least two spaced signal ,members
each, comprising a rigid pivotally mounted staff
‘behind the blind ‘I with its staff resting on the ‘
and a relatively inflexible ?ag portion secured
'until it occupies a position analogous to that
truding ribs formed in each flag portion on one
ledge 9, and then elevates the white flag WF 35 thereto, a plurality of elongated laterallypro
sidejthereof, an integral flange portion constitut
ing the leading edge extending beyond the oppo
site side thereof, an integral reduced depending
previously occupied by the green flag, slot Zia
being now employed.
Assuming that a run without signals is
forming the lower extremity of each
‘scheduled, both flags are lowered into position 40 extension
staff when in display position, shoulders provided
behind the shield l, and are thus hidden from
by said reduced depending extension, a compound
leaf spring assembly ,pivotally mounted on the
Although the preferred embodiment of the in
bracket including a ?rst or lower component in
vention is illustrated and described herein, it is
understood that modi?ed structural changes may ' ‘engagement with a stationary abutment on said
bracket, and a. second or upper component pro
be had within the scope of the invention as
.vided with ya pair of spaced slots in alinement with
claimed. ,
saidstaffs, each of a size to encompass said
reduced extension of the staff in alinement there'
l. A railway signal device including at least
two signal members, each comprising a rigid
staff and a relativelyin?exible ?ag portion ?xed
thereto, each of said sta?s being apertured
for pivotal mounting on the device and provided
with a depending reduced extension at one end,
each of said ?ag portions having formed therein
with, the region of said upper component adja
cent each of said slots being adapted to, bear
against said shoulders to releasably maintain a
selected flag in signal position.
mounted on the bracket and a relatively inflexible
?ag portion secured to the staff, means for releas
ably maintaining the signal members in display
position, saidmeans including a reduced depend
ing extremity on each staif; a pair of shoulders
formed on each staff adjacent the reduced de
pending extremity thereof, and a compound’ leaf
‘ spring assembly pivotally niountedon the bracket
comprising a ?rst or lower leaf in constant en
gagement with a stationary abutment on the
bracket and a second or upper leaf in releasable ‘
engagement with the shoulders of a selected staff,
ing on a locomotive, a supporting bracket, at least
said upperrleaf being provided with a pair of
two signal members pivotally mounted on the
spaced slots each in alinement‘with and of a size
bracket, each signal member including a rigid
adapted to receive and encompass the reduced
extremity of the staff with which the slot, is
staff with a reduced depending extension thereon
and _ a relatively inflexible flag portion ?xed
thereto, said flag portion having formed therein
a plurality ‘of laterally protruding elongated ribs
extending across the major portion of its sur
porting bracket, at .least two spaced signal mem
bers each comprising a rigid staff pivotally
laterally protruding elongated ribs which extend
at least across the major portion of its surface,
and each of said flag portions having formed
thereon an offset lateral flange which extends
across and slightly beyond the leading edge of
said staff, and a compound leaf spring member
mounted onsaid bracket the upper component
of which is provided with a pair of spaced slots
each adapted to encompass the depending reduced
extension of the staff with which it cooperates,
when said staff is in vertical position.
2. In a railway signal device adapted for mount
5. In a railway signal device including a sup~
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