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Патент USA US2411129

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Nov, 12,, A9466 v
2,41 1,129.
‘c. D’APRILE
GARMENT
Filed April 26 ,
1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
///// / ,
,////
.
.INVENTOR
Carmen 1419f”?!
BY
a‘
'
‘
'.
VQLM
ATTORNEYS
13'"
‘
Nov. 12, 1946.
c. D’APRILE
2,411,129
\
GARMENT‘
Filed April 26, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
W-E- 34
INVENTOR
Carmen d?prile
.
?mv¢£M¢M
ATTORNEYS.
BY
.
1
.
Patented Nov. 12, 1946 ‘
2,411,129 ‘
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE I
Carmen d’Aprile, New York, N. Y., assignor to
Panty-Zip, Inc., a corporation of New York
Application ‘April 26, 1945, Serial No. 590,336
' .
.
(Cl. 2-224)
9 Claims.
l
_
The present invention relates to garments
which fit about vthe waist and encompass the in
dividual legs near the crotch and which I define
as trunks.
Fig. 4 is a view of another embodiment in dis
tended position:
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, showing one
of the wings in open position and folded rear
‘
It is among the objects of the invention to
ward;
provide trunks which inherently ?t fairly snugly
without ungainly bagginess, but yet permit free
'
Fig. 6 is a detailed view in longitudinalsection
on a larger scale taken on line 8-6 of Fig. 4;
dom of vigorous movement without binding at
Fig. 'l is a plan view showing the fabricated,
the crotch, and which snugly embrace the legs
blank from which the garment of Figs. 4 to 61s
and guard against exposure, yet without con 10 made;
striction of blood circulation, the garment re
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 'l of a modi?ca
quiring a minimum of fabric and being attractive
tion; and
l
,
in appearance, both on display and in wear.
Fig. 9 is a view showing the modi?cation of
The invention in its broader aspects is applica
Fig. 8, with one wing separated and thrown back.
ble to a variety of trunk-type garments,.includ 15
Referring now to Figs. 1 to 3, the garment has
ing drawers for men, women and children, trunks
a waist-band Ill from which depends the trunk
for sportswear, male and female, such as tennis
T which is sac-like, inasmuch as the lower end
and swimmers’ trunks and playsuit pants, as
thereof is continuous and uninterrupted like the
well as trunks for theatrical performers such
bottom of a sac and is preferably a transverse
as acrobats and ballet dancers.
20 fold line H between the preferably continuous
In important special embodiments disclosed
uninterrupted rear portion I! of the garment and
herein, the invention has particular utility as a
the front portion l3 thereof. The leg openings
trunk-type garment worn over an absorbent pad,
H are wholly in the front portion of the trunk,
bandage or diaper, as for-example, for sanitary
and are wholly above the lower end or transverse
pants, for hopsital use and for babies’ pants.
25 fold II, the lower. edge of the leg-hole being
According to the invention the garment com
spaced from the bottom or transverse fold line
prises a sac-like trunk having front and rear
by a distance desirably‘ at least one-half inch,
portions with a transverse horizontal connection
but preferably as much as an inch or more. The
‘such as a fold line therebetween, the leg open
leg openings are preferably separated by a wide
'ings being in the front panel at a substantial
interval, as shown, which forms the crotch span
distance above the transverse connection and
IS. The outer edges of the leg openings are
preferably also at a substantial distance inward
preferably well inward from the sides of the flat
from the, sides of the ?at garment. As a, conse
garment, that is, they are spaced from the edges
quence, the garment in wear will be under tension
l8, preferably to the same extent as they are
at the front from the waist band to the leg open
spaced above the transverse fold ll. The leg.
ings, the borders of which latter extend obliquely
openings are preferably oval in form, as shown,
upward from the rear to the front of the leg,
with the major axes a-a diverging outwardly
while the rear portion of the garment hangs sub
and downwardly, as appears most clearly in Fig.
stantially without strain from the waist band
1.- Each leg opening has a binder II, which may
to the leg openings and a?ords excess material 40 be a binding stitch or which may be of any suit
adJacent the leg openings for freedom of move
able covering fabric such as silk, cotton or rayon
ment, and in the pad, diaper or bandage holding
ribbon connected in place by stitching or other
embodiments affords a trough in which liquid
wise.
v
_
may collect without leak, whether the user is in
The garment as thus far described,- if suffi
upright or reclining position.
'
45
In the accompanying drawings in which are
shown one or more of various possible embodi
' openings and drawing the waist-band upward, '
‘ ments of the several features of the invention:
until arrested by the fit of the, leg \opening bind
Fig. 1 is a front view of one embodiment of the
ers II. If of knitted or other elastic fabric, the
garment shown in ?at position;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation showing the garment _
upon the upright body as worn;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing the
relation of the garment to the body in a sitting or
reclining position;
ciently elastic, for instance, if of knitted fabric,
might be put on by stepping through the leg
.
60 garment will fit securely and resiliently about the
waist. The garment, if not of elastic fabric, may
be provided with one or more releasable lines of
fasteners such as hookless fasteners along the
height of the side, front or rear, as shown in the
55 embodiments of Figs. 4 to 9 to be described here
2,411,120
3
,
‘matter. The waist-band in the embodiment of
Figs. 1 to 3 may be provided, if desired, with a
buckle or other adjustable‘ fastening means for
secure fit about the'waist.
‘
-
'
the wing section, is at a distance of one-half to ’
one inch from the extreme edge and on the outer
face thereof, so that when the garment is closed
the border 28 intervenes between the metal fas- . ‘
In wear, the leg openings will extend, as best
shown in Fig. 2, obliquely downward from- the
front to the rear, tension existing over the belly
tener 28' on the plaque edge and the body, diaper,
gated and their lengths being, therefore, pressed
tremity of the plaque 23.
pad or bandage.
_
.
The blank, as shown in Fig. 7, has a waist line
element l0’ along its upper end and the composite
' from the front of the waist-band to the front of
section making up the front panel has waist line
the leg opening binder strips l1, and thence ob- liquely along said strips against the rear of the 10 segments ill2 on the extreme transverse edges of
legs, the oval leg, openings thus becoming elon
the wings 22 and waist line section Iiia at the ex
"
The fabric blank as shown in Fig. '7, is con
against:_ the sides of the legs. The rear of the
verted into the garment by simply folding along
trunk hangs from the waist-band, as shown, with
slack provided in the trough-like dependent por 15 the transverse line H with the waterproof fabric
I2 at the outside, and stitching together the reg
tion l8 determined by the area 1.‘ of the front por
istering-lateral edges I 6 of the front and rear
tion It which extends below and rearward of the
panels clear to the point 2|’ of the respective
leg openings. As seen, there is a greater length
notches. In this operation the segments Iii2 of
of material in the garment that intervenes from
the rear edge of the leg openings to the rear than 20 the waist-band are secured to the ends of the
waist-band segment ill’. The assembly is then
to the front of the waist-band. The tension
turned inside‘ out so that the ply 20 of silk, rayon
from the front of the waist-band being taken by
or the like is at the outside and the material be
the leg openings at‘binder l1, no tension can be
' yond the seam at the lateral edges It extends
transmitted to the crotch span I5, which more
over hasv adequate width for desired slack at the 25 inward, as best shown in Fig. 6.
crotch and hangs loosely at its rear from the
trough“.
It will of course be apparent that after the
diapered infant has been laid on the back panel
of the open garment, the separated hookless fas
Thus the garment has no ungainly slack, it
teners at the leg holes are simply brought to
,flts securely about the waist, and it fits about the
legs without the constriction of blood circulation 30 gether and then drawn upward to the waist-_
band to close the garment, as shown in Fig. 4.
incurred where elastic bands are used; and it is
yet proof against exposure. It affords ample
Thus the front of the garment is under tension
slack at the trough l8 in the back for forward
bending and permits vigorous motion, all without
between the waist band and the leg holes and
that tension is distributed about the borders of
strain or binding at the wide crotch span. The
trunks described are, therefore,-useful as drawers
for ordinary wear or as trunks for sportswear,
such as for tennis, swimmers’ and play suits, and
also for theatrical performers such as acrobats or
ballet dancers.
40
the leg holes which are elongated, as shown, and
are spanned obliquely across the width of the
leg, as best shown in Fig. 2. The garment per
‘ In the speci?c embodiments shown in Figs. 4
mits freedom of movement, freedom from bind- “
ing at the crotch and security against exposure,
exactly as in the case of the generalized garment
previously described.
to '7, the garment is illustratively shown as a pair
In addition, however, since a trough I8 formed -‘
of baby pants desirably made of a generally rec
by the portions b of the front panel in combina
tion with the lower edge of the rear panel frames
tangular blank of suitable fabric. ,This fabric
may be of a single ply i2 of waterproof fabric, 45 each leg opening from below as well as laterally of
the body, moisture that escapes from the diaper,
or if desired there may be also an outer ply 20
pad or bandage will collect therein. The wide
of silk, rayon or the like. Preferably the gener
ally rectangular blank has a pair of lateral
crotch span l5 between the leg holes will fold and
droop between the legs and preclude leakage fromv
notches 2| in its side edges, connected at their
peaks 2|’ by a transverse fold line H which is 50 the inner sides of the leg holes. The protection
preferably midway between the ends of the blank,
from leakage is a?orded, as will be readily appar
thereby to sub-divide that blank into a rear
ent in Figs. 2 and 3, regardless whether the wear
er is in upright or reclining position.
'
panel I2 which is preferably continuous or unin
terrupted, and a front panel l3. In the front '
=The waist line of the trunks may be provided
panel are the leg openings l4. These openings 55 with a more or'less conventional adjustment strap
are spaced from the transverse fold line II and
21 with two or more button holes 21' to be closed
are also spaced inward from the lateral edges
selectively over buttons 28 on the waist-band,
I6 of the front panel as above described. About ' excess material being taken up by oblique fold
the openings are the border strips l1 above de
29 in the tighter setting. Thus the garment may
scribed.
60 afford the desired pressure against the enclosed ~
The front panel is desirably symmetrically
diaper, pad or bandage to con?ne the same and
slit from the leg openings i‘! to the waist-band,
its free contents against shifting.
thereby. determining identical wing sections 22,
The embodiment of Figs. 8 and 9 is generally
and a plaque 23 therebetween. Preferably lines
similar to that of Figs. 4 to 7 and will, therefore,
of releasable fasteners are provided along the 65 be brie?y described. The plaque 30" is rectan
lengths of both sides of the slit that is along the
gular rather than triangular, and only one line
inner edges of the wings 22 and along the lateral
of fastener 3| is used. Preferably the reinforce
strip 36 at one side of the plaqueis duplicated
edges of the plaque 23,_such fasteners cooperat
ing to close the garment, as best shown in Fig. 4.
at 31 at the other side thereof. Illustratively,
Preferably hookless fastenersare used for the 70 darts 32 are stitched transversely inward from
purpose, and these are of the severable type, as
the sides in the back panel for enhanced full
shown. Desirably, the two coacting hookless ' ness. The present embodiment is more especially
fastener elements are not both at the extreme
suitable as ‘sanitary pants and to this end is
edges to be connected thereby, but one of said
made of single ply with only a middle strip 33
members, illustratively fastener element 25 on 75 voi? waterproof material for retaining the sani
2,411,129
5
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6
,
tary napkin. The strip 33 extendsfrom imme
diately below the waist-band 34 to the middle
substantially above said transverse connection
of the length of plaque 30. The user-steps into
eral edges of the vtrunks.
the closed leg hole-35, draws the garment upward
about the napkin ‘until arrested by the'bor'der of
wings thereon,; a‘ crotch span extending fromtthe ,.
and substantially spaced inwardly from‘ the lat
,Trunks >- comprising a rear panel, lateral
leg-hole 35 and then. connects and closes the
lower ends thereof, a plaque constituting .an1up- _
hookless fastener“.
right- extension on said crotchspan, thegarment ' ‘
I '_
Obviously the embodiments shown are more ‘or
less interchangeable‘ iffmade'of :smtable‘sise, but .
presenting a;,curvedi-~1ength-=-of border-extending
in general theiform' of ‘Figs. 4 ite?fis preferred
sco’rrespondingvlateral edges of thecrotch-
for, babies’ pantsrandof Figs. 8 and 9 for sani
means for releasably connecting the lateral edge _
tary‘pants.
‘
-
l'
.
As many changes could-bemade in the above
alongzthe lows, 7. end; or each~=wing'and:along1the
~
‘ '
of each wingto the corresponding lateralvedge
of the plaque,..thereby closing the curved length >
construction, and many apparently widely dif
of border to, form a complete leg opening, the rear
ferent embodiments of this invention ‘could be 15 end of said leg'opening being considerably nearer
made without departing from the scope of the
to the front than to the rear part of said ‘waist
band when measured along the length of ‘ the
claims, it is intended that all matter contained
in the above description or shown in the accom
garment.
panying drawings shall be interpreted as illus
trative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim as new and desire to secure'by Letters
.
7. Trunks having a waist-band and compris
20 ing a forward‘. part and a rear part connected at '
their lower ends and of liquid-tight fabric, ‘said
forward part having a pair of leg openings,
therein above the lower end thereof, said open
Patent of the United States is:
1. Trunks having a waist-band,>a_ sac-like body
ings presenting borders ‘and extending obliquely
connected thereto, the latter having a pair of 25 and upward in wear, the material bordering the
‘leg openings wholly in the front?thereof the
rear and outer part ofthe leg openingsforming
"entire areav of each of said openings being well
a trough.
above the lower edge of the flat garment. '
2. Trunks having a waist-handle sac-likebody -
.ing igenerallylrectangular in shape and'having a
connected thereto, the‘ latter having ‘a- pair of
leg openings wholly'in the'front thereof the en-_
tire area of each'of said openings being well above
the lower edge and‘ well inward from the lateral
pair-of notchesini the middle of 'itslateral edges.
de?ning 'therebetween a transverse fold line, said
blank defining a .continuous rear panel to one
side of, the said fold line- and a front panel of
.
an blank. fora pair of‘ trunks, said blank be- '
.
substantially the", same area and to the other side
3. Trunks having a waist-band and a sac-like 35 of said foldline, said front panel having a pair
edges of the ?at garment.
body dependent therefrom, including a continu
ous rear panel and a front panel of substantially
the same length and width as said rear panel,
said front‘panel having a pair ofleg openings
therein spaced inward from the lateral edges of
the ?at garment and spaced upward from the
lower common edge of front and rear panels, and
a releasable connector extending .from at least
of leg openings therein. ‘spaced substantially
from said transverse fold line and from the lat- .'
eral edges thereof and defining a crotch span
therebetween, said. front panel being sub-divided
and comprising a pair of lateral wing sections
and 'an intervening plaque beyond the crotch
span, said blank having releasable fasteners in
cluding complementary elements along the
length ‘of the plaque and along the corresponding
one leg opening to the waist-band, for ‘facility
45 lengths of the wing sections.
of application and removal of the garment.
9; Trunks having a waist band, a sac-like body
4. Trunks having a rear panel and a front panel
connected thereto, the latter having a pair of
joined together laterally, said panels being
leg openings wholly in the front thereof, well
transversely connected, the front panel having a
above the lower edge and well inward from the
pair of leg openings therein with the rims thereof
substantially above said transverse connection. 60 lateral edges of the flat garment, each of said leg
openings having a substantially non-elastic bor
5.‘Trunks having a. rear panel and a front
der thereabout.
panel Joined together laterally, said panels being
,
CARMEN D'APRILE.
transversely connected, the front panel having a
pair of leg openings therein with the rims thereof
,
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