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Патент USA US2411164

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Nov. 19, 1946.
G. A. LYON
" 2,411,164
WHEEL STRUCTURE
Filed July 22, 1943
5 Sheets~Sheet 1
Nov. 19, 1946.
G. A. LYON
WHEEL STRUCTURE
Filed July 22, 1945
2,411,164
3 Sheets-Sheet 2’
-9.
we
nr/Er-z 272*
62-0065 445522" lye/v‘.
Patented Nov. 19, 1946
2,411,164
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
12,411,164
WHEEL STRUCTURE
George‘ Albert Lyon, Allenhurst, N. J.
Application July 22, 1943, Serial No. 495,680 '
1
12 Claims.
This application is a continuation in part of
my application Serial No. 424,681, ?led December
29, 1941, having been ?led in the United States
‘ Patent O?‘ice during the pendency of that ap
plication.
This invention relates to a wheel structure, and
more particularly to a novel structure for re
taining a wheel cover on a wheel, which struc
ture includes spring clips held on the wheel solely
by reason of their engagement with parts of the
wheel.
An object of this invention is to provide a sim
ple and inexpensive way of retaining a wheel
cover such as a trim ring on a wheel.
(Cl. 301-37)
2
opening for wedging engagement with a portion
of the body part inside of the wheel opening and
also provided with a shoulder outside of the
wheel opening arranged so that a reinforced edge
of a wheel cover or trim ring may be passed over
this ‘shoulder into retained cooperation there
with.
In accordance with other general features of
this invention, there is provided in a wheel struc
ture including a multi-?ange tire rim part and
a body part joined thereto, spring clip means for
holding a wheel cover member on the wheel com
prising a, plurality of spaced clips each includ
. Another object of this invention is to provide 15 ing a generally radially extending strip disposed
over a ?ange of the rim part and having an outer
a novel spring clip for use in the retention of a
edge wedged into engagement with an annular
trim ring on a wheel, which clip is adapted to
?ange of the rim part and an inner edge wedged
cooperate retainingly at its opposite end with
into engagement with the body part adjacent
the rim and body parts of a wheel, and which
clip is held on the wheel solely by reason of its 20 the junction of the wheel parts; this strip having
an intermediate lateral ?ange provided with an
engagement with said parts.
_
undercut shoulder arranged to be engaged by a
Another object of this invention is to provide
a wheel cover or trim ring which may be made
portion of a cover member for holding the cover
member on the wheel.
‘
of relatively thin material and still possess su?i
In accordance with other general features of
cient rigidity and strength so that it can properly 25
this invention, there is provided a relatively large
cooperate with spring clip retaining means on
annular wheel cover or trim ring which is made
the wheel. .
of
such thin metal as to require reinforcement
Still another object of this invention is to so
at an edge where it is in cooperation with the
reinforce a relatively large trim ring at its place
of cooperation on the wheel that the reinforce- ‘
ment will provide the ring with adequate rigidity
to resist distortion and yet be su?iciently ?exible
as to be adapted to spring over retaining means
retaining means therefor, this reinforcement be—
ing provided by the multiple turning or rolling
of an inner edge of the ring upon itself whereby
the turned edge is made sufficiently resilient to
resist buckling and distortion and yet be ?exible
on the wheel.
enough to snap over retaining means on the
Still another object of this invention is to pro 35 wheel.
vide a novel spring clip which can be wedged
A further feature of the invention relates to
into engagement with the body part of a wheel
the reinforcing of an edge of a wheel cover or
inside of a wheel opening and which adjacent
hub cap made of relatively thin metal which
this wedged engagement is provided with a shoul
edge is turned back upon itself a plurality of
der over which a reinforced inner edge of a trim
times to form a multiple thickness of metal at
ring or wheel cover is passed for retaining co
operation therewith.
the edge whereby the edge will resist permanent
In accordance with the general features of this
invention, there is provided in a wheel structure,
pry-off tool.
distortion when subjected to the pressure of a
In accordance with still other features of this
invention-there is provided a novel wheel cover
including a multi-?anged tire rim part and a .
body part joined thereto at spaced intervals
leaving wheel openings between the joined por
tions of the wheel parts, spring clip means for
retaining spring clip comprising a strip of metal
having oppositely turned edges for wedging en
gagement with parts of a wheel and having posi
holding a wheel cover member on the wheel com
prising a, plurality of spaced clips each including
a generally radially extending strip disposed over
a ?ange of the rim part and having an outer
edge wedged into engagement with a ?ange of
the rim part and having an inner portion‘ pro
‘
50
tioned between said edges lateral ?ange means
each having an undercut shoulder at substan
tially right angles to the plane of the strip and
arranged to cooperate retainingly with an edge
of a wheel cover member.
Still another feature of the invention relates
vided with a projection extending into a wheel 55
to the reinforcing of projecting ears on a spring
2,411,164
3
clip so that said ears will have a greater rigidity
and thus enable relatively thin sheet steel to be
which includes the usual radial flanges l l and i2
and annular ?anges it, as well as a base ?ange
M which is attached at spaced intervals to the
used in the manufacture of the clip.
usual wheel body part or spider i5. This spider
Other objects and advantages of this inven
or body part has as its center the usual bolt-on
tion will more fully appear from the following (.31 flange ll by means of which the Wheel may be
detailed description taken in connection with the
attached to a suitable support on an automobile.
accompanying drawings which illustrate several
The drop center tire rim i6 is adapted to ac
embodiments thereof, and in which:
commodate in a well known way a pneumatic
Figure l._is a front view of a wheel structure
tire t which has the usual beads {l disposed inside
embodying the features of this ‘nvention and
of the ?anges l2 of the rim and resting in the
partly broken away in order to show the location
‘depressed portions of the axial flanges l3. It will
of the spaced cover retaining clips;
Figure 2 is a vertical fragmentary enlarged
be‘ perceived that the depressed portion of this
axial ?ange it provides a shoulder which tends
cross sectional view taken on the line II--II of
to hold the bead in place on the rim as is now
Figure 1 looking in the direction indicated by the 15 well known in the art. One of the features of
this invention relates to the utilization of the
arrows;
,
Figure 3 is a still further enlarged sectional
view corresponding to the upper right hand por- ,
shoulder provided by this depression in the flange
I3 for aiding in the retention of my cover re
tion of Figure 2 and illustrating clearly the man
taining clips on the wheel.
ner in which a spring clip cooperates with the 20
Attention is directed to the ‘fact’ that in the
wheel parts and with the wheel cover member;
different forms and modi?cations of the inven
Figure 4 is a detail view in perspective show
tion illustrated in the drawings I employed the
ing one of the spring clips;
same reference numerals to show the corre
Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view sim
sponding parts of the wheel and tire.
' ‘
25
ilar to Figure 3 but illustrating a modi?cation of
In Figures 1 to 1% inclusive, I have designated
my novel wheel cover or trim ring generally by
the invention;
Figure 6 is an elevation of the modi?ed form
the reference character It. This trim ring may
of the clip shown in Figure. 5;
.
Figure '7 is a fragmentary sectional view cor
responding to Figures 3 and 5 and illustrating a
still further modi?cation of the invention;
Figure 8 is an elevational view of the modi?ed
form of clip shown in Figure 7; ,
Figure 9 is a fragmentary sectional view sim
ilar to Figures 5 and '7 and illustrating a. still
he made of any suitable metallic sheet such, for
example, as steel sheet, and by reason of certain
features, which will be hereinafter discussed in
detail, may be made of relatively thin sheet metal,
since the features of my invention provide it with
the requisite rigidity for it to cooperate with the
retaining clips on the wheel, which clips are des
ignated generally by the reference character It.
further form of clip;
The trim ring l9 includes an outer turned edge
2! which overlies an outer edge of the wheel rim
in Figure 9;
and is juxtaposed to the‘ side wall of the’ tire.
Figure 11 is a fragmentary sectional view of a
40 The curvature of this trim ring is such that it
modi?cation of the invention taken in toto from
apears to be a continuation of the side wall‘of
Figure 10 is a front elevation of the clip shown
my copending application Serial No. 306,527, filed
November 23, 1939, Patent No. 2,308,615, issued
January 19, 1943, and illustrating how the rein
forcing feature of my invention can be applied
the tire, so that if it is ?nished in white it gives
the tire the effect of having a white side wall.
The inner edge 28 of this annular trim ring
I9 is rolled or curled upon itself a plurality of
to a wheel cover having the form of a hub cap; 45 times which, for example, may be one and one
Figure 12 is a front view of a wheel structure
half to two or more times and thus reinforces
embodying the features of this invention and
the inner edge of the trim ring. In other words,
partly broken away to show how the spring clips
I provide the trim ring with rigidity and ‘strength
are spaced from each other in their cooperation
50 at the point of stress or where it cooperates with
with the parts of the wheel;
Figure 13 is an enlarged fragmentary cross
sectional view taken on the line XIII-Q5111 of
Figure 12 looking in the direction indicated by
thearrows and showing in cross section the con
?guration of a spring clip, as well as the cross
sectional shape of the wheel cover or trim mem
ber disposed in cooperation therewith; .
Figure 14 is an enlarged fragmentary cross
the retaining means on the wheel.
'
It should be noted that the inner edge of the
cover I?! is adapted to be sprung over shoulders
on my novel spring clips l8 which will be de
55 scribed more in detail hereinafter, and as a con
sequence the edge must be relatively strong in
order to resist permanent distortion or buckling.
In the application of this edge to the retaining
clip it is sprung in its entirety out of a normal
sectional view corresponding to the upper right
circular shape, so that when it is in coopera
hand portion of Figure 13 and showing more 60 tion with the retaining clip the edge is under ten
clearly the manner in which the spring- clip is
sion and thus retains the cover l9 on the wheel.
wedged into cooperation with a portion of the
In other words, by reason of the fact that the
wheel body inside of a wheel opening and also
edge has been sprung out of ._its normal shape
showing a reinforced shoulder for retaining co
when it is in cooperation with the clips, it has a
65
operation with a reinforced inner edge of the
tendency to spring back to its normal shape, and
trim ring; and
it is this resiliency or stressing of the edge that
Figure 15 is a fragmentary front view of the
I utilize for the purpose of retaining the cover on
clip in its retained engagement with the wheel
the wheel.
'
'
part, the cover being removed so as to show
Moreover, in the removal of the cover from the
70
clearly the front con?guration of the spring clip
wheel, a pry-off tool is inserted under the beaded
and how a skid chain strap may be passed there
edge 20 for the purpose of forcibly prying the
through.
cover off the wheel. The arrangement of the
Asshown on the drawings:
edge with reference to the retaining clips is such
. .The reference character ‘It designates gener
that the edge is easily pressible into retaining co
ally'a multi-?anged drop» center type of tire rim 75
2,411,164
operation’with the clips but requires consider
ably more force in order to pry it free from its
engagement with clips. The necessity of thus
prying the wheel cover off the wheel in the man
ner above described further emphasizes the im
portance of the edge being reinforced so as to pre
vent permanent distortion or buckling of the edge
either in its removal from the wheel or its appli
cation thereto.
I ?nd that by reinforcing the edge 20 in the
manner I have above described, namely, by pro
viding it with a plurality of turns of metal, I
am enabled to use much thinner metal in the
cover than would be otherwise possible and still
enable the cover to have the requisite amount of
rigidity to resist permanent distortion or buckling.
This broad feature of reinforcing the edge of a
cover by providing it with a bead having a mul
tiple of turns of metal is broadly disclosed in my
extremities 26 and 21. The extremity 26 com
prises a substantially straight but wedge shaped
portion, the extreme outer edge of which is
adapted to slide over the
annular shoulder formed -
in the depressed axial ?ange I3 of the rim part
III. The other extremity 21 of the clip is curved
axially rearwardly so as to conform closely to
the shape of the junction of the ?anges I I and I4
against which the body 25 of the clip is adapted to
abut. The extreme inner edge of the extremity
21 is adapted to be wedged into tight engage
ment with the spider I5 adjacent the junction of
the ?ange I6 of the spider and the base ?ange I4
of the rim part.
The body portion 25 also includes relatively
rigid, outwardly extending, parallel, and spaced
lateral ears 28—28, each having a suitably curved
outer edge and provided at its under side with a
notch 29 which forms a shoulder 30 adapted to
earlier ?led copending application Serial No.
306,527, ?led November 28, 1939. In order to 20 cooperate with the bead 20 of the cover in the
retention of the same on the wheel.
make this clear, I have in Figure 11 illustrated
In the application of the spring clip I8 to the
a form of the invention which has been taken in
toto from my earlier ?led application and illus
trating the above described reinforcing feature
as being applied to the outer edge of a cover in
stead of to an inner edge as in the other forms
of the invention shown in the present applica
tion. In addition, the invention is shown as being
applied to a wheel cover in the form of a hub
cap in Figure 11 instead of to a cover in the form
of a trim ring as, for example, is shown in Fig
ure 2.
In Figure 11, the reference letter A designates
wheel, it is pressed axially against the exposed
?ange I I of the rim part until its extremity 26
snaps over the shoulder of the ?ange I3 thus
resiliently wedging the clip between the flange
I3 and the spider or body part I5. I ?nd that the
clip is so tightly held in this wedged position that
considerable force is necessary before it can be
pried free of the wheel. In order to pry it free,
the edge of a pry-01f tool or screwdriver may be
inserted under the extremity 26, after which
the clip may be forcibly pried out of its coopera
generally a circular hub cap made of relatively
tion with the parts of the wheel.
thin metal and having its outer marginal portion
turned rearwardly and formed into a reinforcing
and secured in place on the wheel as shown in
bead B made up of a plurality of turns of tightly
wound metal so as to rigidify this edge. This re
Figure l, the wheel cover I9 may be easily applied
to the wheel by simply pressing it axially against
After the clips I8 have been properly positioned
the outer side of the wheel. In so doing, the
inforced beaded edge B is cooperable with the
spider C of a wheel, and more particularly with a 4-0 beaded edge 28 contacts the shoulders 30 and is
thus resiliently stressed in its entirety as it passes
plurality of equidistantly spaced protuberances D
over the high spots of the shoulders 30 of the
on the spider over which the edge B is springable
clips and until it is seated in the notched portions
in its entirety into stressed and retaining coopera
tion therewith. Broadly, therefore, the wheel 45 29 of the clips. In this springing of the edge,
the edge is not allowed to return completely to
or hub cap A has the same advantageous
reinforcing feature of my invention as is utilized
in the cover or trim ring I9 previously described.
It might further be noted that this reinforcing
its normal position when it is seated in the
notched portions 29 of the clips, and as a con
sequence it is under stress or tension when in
feature is of even greater advantage in a wheel 50 this engaged position. It is this tension which
causes the wheel cover to be held tightly in place
cover in the form of a trim ring than in a hub
on the wheel. Moreover, it is easier to apply the
cap due to the larger diameter of the edge of the
cover to the wheel than to remove it. D1 fact, to
trim ring to which the feature is applied. In
remove it, considerable force must be applied
other words, the larger the edge the greater is the
chance for that edge to become permanently dis 55 through the instrumentality of a pry-off tool or
screwdriver, the blunt end of which can be in
torted or buckled when stressed. By using a plu
serted under the beaded edge 26 to pry forcibly
rality of turns of closely curled metal in the bead
loose the cover from the wheel.
of the edge, I am enabled to solve in a simple way
In the modi?cations of my invention shown in
the necessity for properly reinforcing this edge
Figures 5 to 10, I have used the same reference
which is not only sprung in its application to the
numerals as in the ?rst described form to indi
retaining means on the wheel but must be sub
cate identical parts common to these forms, and
jected to considerable stress when it is pried free
it will hence be understood that the same descrip
of its cooperation with the wheel.
tion as given in the case of the ?rst form is also
In Figure 4, I have illustrated in perspective
one of my novel spring retaining clips I8. Any 65 applicable to these common components or parts.
In Figures 5 and 6, I have illustrated a modi?ed
suitable number of these clips may be employed
form of spring clip I8a for holding the trim ring
or wheel cover I9 on the wheel. The principal
difference between this clip we and the pre
equidistantly spaced. clips
may be used. Since these clips are all identical, 70 viously described clip I8 resides in the face that
the clip Ilia has its body portion provided with a
a description of one will su?ice for all.
depressed rib 32 extending vertically of the clip
Each clip is made from metallic strip or sheet
having the requisite metallurgical characteristics
to provide‘it with rigidity and‘resiliency and in
cludes a. body portion 25 havingoppositely turned
for transversely reinforcing the clip. This rein
forcing rib 32 is advantageous in that it enables
me to‘ use relatively thin metal in the spring clip
and yet have the requisite rigidity in the same; .
2,411,164
In Figures '7 andB, I' have illustrated a modi?ed
form of spring clip I81) which differs principally
from the clip It in the construction and rein¢
?forcement of its lateral ears 2$b-—28b. Each of
these lateral ears 28b is provided with a reinforc
ing transversely turned ?ange 33 which rigidi?es
the wheel art. - By reason‘ of the fact that the
base ?ange III‘ of the rim part is only», attached
at spaced intervals to the body part- I I6 wheel
openings I22 are provided between the joined
portions of these parts which permit of the cir
culation of air through the wheel body and
around the brake drum (not shown) in a manner
also familiar to those skilled in this art.‘ i
shown in Figure '7, extends around a substantial
I propose in accordance with the features'o
or major portion of the edge of the-ear (shown by
10 this invention to utilize the shoulder H5=on one
dotted lines in Figure 7), it is necessary to notch
of the flanges of the wheel rim part'and the
the ?ange by depressing the same‘ as indicated at
opening I22 in the body part in the retention of
29?) in Figure ‘7. This depression in the ?anged
my novel spring clip IZI on the wheel. A plu
edge of the ear ztbresults in the provision of-a
rality of these spring clips, as best shown in Fig
shoulder Zidb which corresponds in function to
ure 12, are used, and I have found that excellent
that of‘ the shoulder 39 of the ?rst described form
results may be obtained by using four of these
of clip I8. Otherwise; this form of the invention.
clips equidistantly spaced apart around the cir
and strengthens the ears. Since this ?ange, as
operates and functions in the same way as de
cumference of the body party I I6. These identi
scribed-in detail’ in connection with the first
cal clips are retained on the wheel solely by rea
described embodiment.
son of their wedging engagement with the parts
thereof and constitute the sole means for holding
In Figures 9 and 10, I have illustrated a still
further form of spring clip I30 which ‘differs
principally from the clip III in that instead of
having the single wedge-shaped extremity 26, it
is provided with two aligned extremities 2tc-—2Ecv
These‘ wedge-shaped portions 260 project from
the wheel cover or annular trim ring IIB on the
wheel;
‘
'
The trim ring I I8 is of a convex-concavo cross
sectional shape or, in other words,’ is curved or
25 bulged outwardly between its inner and-‘outer
the body portion 250 which is reinforced on its
edges. The outer edge extends over the outer
sides by lateral ears 280 corresponding in func
most edge of the cooperating ?ange H4 ofthe
tion to that of the ears 28-28 of the ?rst form
rim part and is turned as indicated at II9 so as
to reinforce the edge and eliminate any sharp
of the invention.
30
Since, in the modi?cations of the invention
ness. The inner edge, as bestfshown in Figure
shown in Figures 5 to 10, the operation of the clips
I4, is rolled or curled a plurality of'times upon
and the cover I9 is the same as in the preferred
itself thus providing a beaded reinforcedfedge
form shown in Figure 1, no further description
I20 for cooperation with the spring retaining
of the same is deemed necessary.v It might fur
clips IZI'. I preferably turn this ‘edge at least
ther be noted, however, that by using two outer
several times upon itself so as to provide amul
projections 260-260 on the clip as shown in the
tiple of thicknesses of metal at this edge "which
last described form, I am enabled to cause the
is subjected to stress when it is pressed into re
clip to have biting engagement at two spaced
taining cooperation with the spring clips.v This
points with the ?ange I30 of the wheel rim part
feature enables the rigidifying of the inner edge
We fastened at spaced intervals to the wheel
of the trim ring which edge is of a relatively
body part I50. This is advantageous in that it
large diameter-and also enables this edge to. be
enables the clip to be tightly wedged under tension
sprung in its entirety'over the shoulders of‘the
in position on the parts of the wheel without
spring clips without permanentlyv distorting‘or
there being any shoulder or depressed section in
> ,
‘
'
45 buckling the edge.
the flange I30 of the rim part.
The transverse curvature of the'ring H8 is
In Figures 12 to '15 inclusive I have illustrated
such that if it is ?nished on its exterior side'with
a further modi?cation of the invention wherein
a white ?nish, it causes the tire to have the ap
the spring clips are so formed as to actually
extend into the wheel openings.
In this further modi?cation, the reference
character I It designates generally a conventional
drop center type of tire rim adapted to accom~
modate in the usual way a pneumatic tire I99
having beads IilB positioned within the side
?anges of the rim part. The rim part includes a
base ?ange III, side ?anges H2 and H4 which
extend generally radially, and axial ?anges I53.
pearance of having a white side wall. In ‘other
words, the curved ring in effect appears as a con
tinuation of the curved outer side wall of the tire
I09. Due to the fact that this ring completely
conceals the exposed surfaces of the outer ?anges
of the rim part, the tire appears to extend clear
up to the body part I It.
The subject matter of this above described
feature of reinforcing the edge is being covered
in another copending application‘ Serial No.
The ?anges on the outer side of the wheel are
306,527.
‘
adapted to cooperate with my wheel cover and
Each of the spring clips is made of strip or
60
sheet metal which may be'relatively thin due to
retaining clips which will be described more in
the way in which the clip is made and reinforced.
detail hereinafter.
Each of the ?anges III is depressed so that
Each clip embraces‘ an outwardly inclined outer
the bead Hi8 ?ts in the depressed section and
portion I23 having an extremity adapted to be
thus minimizes the likelihood of the bead shift
spring-wedged behind the shoulder IE5 ‘of the
65
ing its position in the rim part upon puncture or
cooperating ?ange I I3 of the wheel rim part III).
blowout of the tire. This depressed section pro
This inclined portion I2'3 terminates on its inner
vides an annular shoulder II5 which I utilize in
side in a portion I24 which is curved inwardly
the retention of my spring clip I2I in position.
and closely follows the shape of the side ?ange at
The base ?ange III is attached at spaced in
its junction with the base ?ange III of the rim
70
tervals to a wheel body part or spider, desig
part Iii], so that the inner extremity of the clip
nated generally by the reference character H6,
extends into‘a corresponding opening I22 of‘ the
and which includes the usual central bolt-on
?ange II‘! by means of which the wheel is at
In addition, each spring clip I2I isprovided
tached to a suitable support on the vehicle in
with ‘downwardly ‘extending ears ‘I25 and "I26
75
a manner well known to the those familiar with
wheel.
'
'
'
'
,
'
‘
2,411,164
spaced a predetermined‘ distance apart.‘ These
ears‘have their edges slightl‘yy?anged at I21 and
I28 ,to reinforce ‘thesaane, and it will be per
ceived'from-Figure's l4 and 15 that'these ?ange
portions I21 extend substantially around a major
portion of the periphery of each of the ears
I25.I—:I26.
1
‘
‘
.
.Each ‘ear is preferably made of a bowedshape,
as shown in Figure 15, so that each ear has
portions which are disposed in planes converg
ing._toward the planes of the portions of the
other ear.
The widest space in between the
ears I25 and I26 occursysubstantially midway
their height asindicated generally by the refer
ence ‘numeral I3I—I3I. The plane intercept
10
»
holding the‘ trim ring under spring tension on
the (four spring clips, 1
It will be appreciated that
inthisspringingof the edge I20 it is not com
pletelyreturnedto its original diameter after it‘
has‘p‘assed over the high spot I32, and that. as
a consequence it is constantly under spring ten
sion tending to hold it into tight retained en
gagement with the shoulders of the plurality of
clipsldnI the wheel. Of course, all of the clips
are disposed in a common circle, since, as shown
in‘Fligure 12, they all are located the same dis
tanceiirom the center of the wheel.
Thus,.I have provided a very simple and inex-'
pensive form of spring clip which is self-retained
on the wheel by reason of its own resilient wedg
ing engagement with the parts of the wheel and
vwhich is so constructed that it islgreatly rigidi
ment of . thexspace"
?ed, thus enabling the use of light metal and
between the ‘wings or ears of
is formed with an opening for accommodating
eachclip is to enable strap shown in dotted lines
at A in Figure 15 of a lug. or anti-skid chain to 20 the, usual lug or skid chain strap.
ing thetwo points I3I—I3I is substantially at the
bottompsurface of the .base ?ange III of the
wheel rim part. The purpose of this enlarge
I
be inserted through the clip and passed through
the corresponding wheel opening I22. In other
words, , the wheel openings I22 are usually used,
> for a dual purpose-one to
provide ventilation as
noted before, and ‘the other‘to provide openings
through which the straps of lugv or anti-skid
chains can be inserted and attached to the wheel
as is well known to those familiar with this art.
The construction of each of my spring clips is _.
such that it still permits of the use of the strap
transversely about the cross section of the tire‘
and through the wheel opening.
a
The under or lower side of the ?anged edges
of- the two ears I25 and I26 is notched out as in
dicated at I30 in Figure 14 ‘so as‘ to provide a
shoulder I 32 in each of the ears which constitutes,
high spots over which the; reinforced and
strengthened beaded edge I20 of (the trim ring
II 8 must be sprung in the application of the trim
ring to the wheel.
.
» In theapplication of the spring clips to the
I claim as my invention:
11. ‘In a wheel construction including a multi- _
?anged tire rim part and a body part joined
theretojspring clip means for holding a wheel
cover member on the wheel comprising a plural
ity of spaced clips each including a generally ra
dially extending strip disposed over a ?ange of
the rim part and having an outer edge wedged
into engagement with an annular ?ange of the
rim part and an inner edge wedged into engage:
ment, with said body part adjacent thejunction
of said wheel parts, said strip having an interme-,
diate projection constructed and arranged to be
engaged by a cover member for holding the cover
member on the wheel.
2. In a wheel including a multi-?anged wheel
rim part and a body part joined thereto, a wheel
cover retaining-spring clip disposed alongside a
side ?ange of said rim part and having injcombi
nation, a part provided with inner and outer
edges spring wedged into retained engagement
wheel, each of them is placed in position oppo
site a wheel opening‘ I22 and is then pressed ax
ially against the ?anges of the wheel rim. This 45 wheel and retaining means for engaging with‘a
pressure results in the springing of the tip or
cover.
extremityof ‘the inclined portion I23 of the‘clip
~
I
V
,
,
3. In combination,~a wheel includingxa multi
?anged wheel rim part and a body part joined
over theshoulder I I 5 until itis back of the shoul
thereto, and a ‘wheel cover retaining spring clip
der and is thus spring wedged against the ?ange
II3 of the rim part; The‘ spring‘wedging of 50 disposed alongside aside ?angeof said rim part‘
and having innerand outer edges spring‘wedged
this tip portion I23 against the ?ange I30 re
into retained engagement with said wheel parts,
sults also in the wedging of the lower ?anged
said engagement constituting the sole means for
edges I27 and I20 of the ears I25 and I26 inside
holding the clip on the wheel, said clip having an
of the opening against a portion I33 of the wheel
intermediate shoulder arranged for retaining co
body part or spider IIB. Also, the curved leg or
operation with a wheel cover member.
portion I24 of each clip abuts and is backed up
4. As an article of manufacture, a spring clip
by the curved junction of the side ?ange H2 and
for retaining a wheel cover member on a wheel
the base ?ange I II of the rim part; Thus, the
comprising a strip of metal having oppositely
spring clip is ?rmly held in place under resilient
turned
edges for wedging engagement with parts
tension. If it should be desired to remove the
clip, it may be easily removed by inserting a 6,0 of a wheel and having between said edges a
shoulder for retaining cooperation with an edge
screwdriver underneath the outer extremity of
of a wheel cover member, said shoulder being
the portion I23 and prying it free of its retained
?anged to reinforce the same against buckling.
engagement therewith. Any suitable pry-off tool
5. As an article of manufacture, a spring clip
may be used, such, for example, as a screwdriver,
for retaining a wheel cover member on a wheel
the edge of which may be inserted in the space
comprising a strip of metal having oppositely
between, the portion I 23 and the clip and the
turned edges for wedging engagement with parts
junction‘ of the two ?anges H2 and II 3 of the
rim part.
of a wheel and having between said edges a
shoulder for retaining cooperation with an edge
In the application of the trim ring I I 8 to the
of a wheel cover member, said strip being longi
wheel, it is pressed axially against the wheel
thus causing the beaded and reinforced edge to
be sprung in its entirety over the high spot of
shoulder I32 until it passes over and behind this
tudinally ribbed to aid the clip‘in resisting trans
verse buckling.
6. As an article of manufacture, a spring clip
high spot into the depression or groove I30, thus 75 for retaining a wheel cover member on a wheel
comprising a strip of metal having oppositely
2,411,164
11
turned’ edges for wedging engagement with parts
gagement with an adjoining portion of the body
part, said ears also being. provided with'a shoul
of a ‘wheel and having between said edges a
shoulder for retaining cooperation with an edge
der over which a'portion of a" wheel c’over'is
of a wheel cover member, one of said edges being
adapted to be passed for retaining cooperation
formed into a pair of aligned wedge-shapedpro
therewith,' said ears being disposed in . non
jections for biting engagement with spaced vpor
tionsl of the wheel.
12
said wheel openings and being, wedged into eii-,
parallel relationship and being spaced apart so
as to provide for engagement with the portionof v
'
i ‘7.’,In combination, a wheel including a multi
the body part and vthe cover member.‘ at spaced
?anged wheel rim part and a body part joined
10
thereto,‘ a wheel cover retaining spring clip dis
posed alongside a side ?ange of said rim part and
points.
'
so
10. In'combination, a wheel including- a
?a'ngedrim and a body’par't'joined thereto ratr
having inner and outer edges spring wedged into
retained engagement with said wheel parts, said
engagement constituting the sole means for
an intermediate shoulder arranged for retaining
spaced intervals leaving wheel openings between
the joined portions of said parts, and .a wheel’
cover retaining spring‘ clip disposed along‘sidelof
a side ?ange of said rim part; and,‘ having; an‘.
outer edge spring-wedged into retained engage‘;
cooperation with a wheel cover member, and a
ment with a?ange of the rim ‘part and an inner
holding the clip‘ on the wheel, said clip having
wheel’cover having a beaded edge comprising a
edge curved axially into one of said wheel open-Y's
plurality of turns to reinforce the same and ar
ings, said clip also having adjacent its inner, edge
ranged to be sprung in its entirety over said 20’ radially inwardly projecting means wedged into
shoulder.
engagement with a portion of the bodypart in
side of the wheel opening and provided exter
'
8. In a wheel structure including a multi
?anged tire rim part and a body part joined
nally of said latter wedged engagement with a;
thereto at spaced intervals leaving openings be
shoulder for engageme t with a wheel‘ cover; '
said
parts,
spring
~.
tween the joined portions of
11. In combination, a wheel including-a m'ulti-_'
clip means for holding a wheel cover member on
flanged rim part and a body part joined thereto
the wheel comprising a plurality of spaced clips
at spaced intervals leaving wheel openings be‘
each including a generally radially extending
tween the joined portions voi said parts, and a
strip disposed over a ?ange of the rim part and
wheel cover retaining spring clip disposed'along
having an outer edge wedged into engagement 1}
with an annular ?ange of the rim part, a radially
inner portion of said strip being provided with
laterally extending ears projecting into one of
side of a side ?ange of said rim part and having
an outer edge spring-wedged into retained en
‘ gagement with a ?ange oi-said rim part and a
radially inner lateral projection, extending’ into
said wheel openingsand being wedged into en
the wheel opening and wedged into engagement
gagement with an adjoining portion of the body 35 with an adjoining portion of said body part in
part, ‘said ears also being provided with a
side of the’wheel opening.
shoulder over which a portion of a wheel cover
is adapted to be passed for retaining cooperation
therewith.
'
9. In a wheel structure including a multi
'
Y
;
12. As ‘an article of manufacture, a spring clip
for retaining a wheel cover member on a‘wheel
40 comprising a strip of metal comprising; a main
body having oppositely turned extremities one
?angedv tire rim‘part anda body part joined
of which is inclined away from saidbody for
thereto at spaced intervals leaving openings be
tween the joined portions of said parts, spring
wedging engagement with a ?ange of .a'rim part
clip means for holding a wheel cover member on
med projection formed for wedging engagement
the wheel comprising a plurality of spaced clips
each‘ including a generally’ radially’ extending
strip ‘disposed over a ?ange of the rim part and
having an outer edge wedged into engagement
with an annular ?ange of the rim part, a radially
and the other of which is provided with a stiff- _
with a bodypart inside of a wheel opening, said
body also being provided with an intermediate
' shoulder between said extremities over which a
inner portion of said strip being provided with 50
laterally extending ears projecting into one of
portion ‘of a .wheel cover is adapted to be pressed
for retaining cooperation therewith.
GEORGE» ALBERT LYON. - ‘
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