Патент USA US2411252код для вставки
Nov. 19, 1946. M. L. FINMAN 2,411,252 BEAUTICIAN’ s COMB Filed Aug. 13, 1945 Inven'tor; jMar'ian L.F‘inman.. .35 £4 Patented Nov. 19, 1946 2,411,252 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,411,252 BEAUTICIAN’S COMB Marian L..Finman, Minneapolis, Minn. Application August 13, 1945, Serial No. 610,406 6 Claims. (01. 132-11’) 1. 2 This invention relates toan article of manufac ture and more particularly to a beautician’s ?nger comb. In the work of a beauty operator in set ting curls, it‘ is customary for the operator to use a comb of normal size to-separate the hair on the scalp into a lock emanating from a small area in the scalp. I 5. which the comb is made, and Figure 6, the sheet metal blank after the initial comb tooth punch ing operation; and Figure 7 is a sectional view taken along the lines '|—1 of Figure 6. Throughout the“ drawings corresponding nu As heretofore done, this operation merals refer to the same parts. haslbeen carried out by the operator who removes Referring, to the drawing, Figure 1 shows the the comb from her apron pocket and uses the lower arm portion I0 showing the operator’s hand end‘ portion of the combto separate the lock of 10 at I I‘. Upon the middle ?nger i2 and at. the ?rst hair. rL‘he comb is then returned to the oper joint [3 thereof‘ there is placed the beautician’s ator’s pocket, the curl is formed and pinned in comb, generally designated‘ 20. The comb is worn place to set. in this position in the part of the curl~setting This complete operation thus requires the re operation in which the lock is separated from the moval of the comb from the pocket; the use of 15 remainder of the hair. In the curl-forming and the comb andv return of the comb to the pocket. pinning operations the middle ?nger is retracted In time studies it has been found that an appre under the palm of the hand into an out of the ciable part of each curl-forming operation is way position so that it does not interfere with the consumed‘ in the removal and replacement of curl-forming ‘ and pinning operations, but the the comb in the pocket of the operator. 20, beautician’s comb 20 remains steadily on the It is an object of the present invention to pro ?nger tip l3 throughout the entire wave setting vide an improved beautician’s comb which may operation until the entire group of curls has be worn on the middle ?nger of the beauty oper been formed and set. The hair of the lock being ator’s hand and used in forming the lock of hair, formedis held against the comb and against ?nger and then without removing the device‘ from the Ill by means of‘ the thumb l6. ?nger, it is retracted into the palm of the hand‘ Referring to Figure 5 the comb is made from a during the curl-forming and pinning portions of sheet metal blank 2|. of generally lozenge shape the operation. It is a further object of the in having acute anguluar portions 22 and 23 and vention to provide an improved article of manu obtuse angular portions 24 and 25.. All of the facture comprising a simple sheet metal comb; to 30 angles are smoothly curved as indicated. and the provide an improved comb of smooth polished side portions 26, 21', 28 and, 29 are preferably surface and so constructed as to be readily ad curvedinwardly somewhat as shown“ justable to the varying ?nger sizes, so that it may ‘The blank is of thin sheet metal which is suffi readily be adjusted for use by the individual oper ciently stiff to retain its shape and yet thin enough ator. It is also an object of the invention to pro to allow the blank after being formed into a ring vide an improved comb structure of varying tooth to be bent slightly as hereinafter described, to length; to provide an improved comb structure permit the user to adjust the shape of the ?n having the teeth of varying lengths and to pro ished comb to ?t the ?nger tip size of the indi vide a comb structure wherein the construction is vidual user. The transverse center line of the such as to allow the comb when positioned on the 40 blank 2| is illustrated by line T and the longitu ?nger to resist rotational movement on the ?nger. dinal center line of the blank is indicated by Other and further objects of the invention are line L. those inherent in the apparatus herein illustrated, The blank 2| is formed and either at the same described and claimed. time or in a subsequent operation there are The invention is illustrated in the drawing in 45 punched therein a plurality of teeth 30, 3|, 32, which 33, 34 and 35. The teeth are made by a punch Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the lower ing operation so as to bend upwardly the por arm portion and hand of the beauty operator tion of ‘the metal blank illustrated by the holes showing the improved comb of the present inven 30’—35', each of the teeth being attached to the tion on the middle ?nger of the operator’s hand; 50 blank at its base at one end of the hole. Tooth Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the comb; 3!] is the longest tooth and 35 is the shortest tooth, Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the comb; the intermediate teeth being evenly graded in Figure 4 is a sectional view of the comb along length therebetween. As hereinafter pointed out, the lines 4—4 of Figure 2; in the ?nished article of manufacture the longest Figure 5 illustrates the sheet metal blank from 55 tooth 30 is nearest the end of the ?nger and the 2,411,252 4 shortest tooth 35 is farthest away from the end of the ?nger. It may be noted that the teeth are upstanding and are in line with each other along a line T’ which is spaced from the center line T shape to ?t onto the ?rst joint of the user’s ?n- , ger, said sheet having a plurality of comb teeth punched up from the plane of the metal, said teeth being arranged in a line running lengthwise by a distance equal to the dimension A so as to position the teeth out of line with the center line of the shape and outwardly therefrom. of the ?nger when the ?nished device is worn in 2. An article of manufacture comprising a sin gle sheet of ?exible metal blank having a Wid service. ened central portion and integral tapered side This construction positions the teeth closest to the thumb of the user when the device portions at each side thereof, said side portions is in place on the user’s hand for it has been found 10 being curved around with their ends in overlap that this position of the ?nger comb is most stable ping relation so as, with the widened central por with the teeth so positioned. . tion, to form a ring of tapered shape to ?t onto Figures 2, 3 and 4 illustrate the ?nished com the ?rst joint of a user’s ?nger, and a plurality .after the acute angular portions 22 and 23 of of teeth punched outwardly from the plane of the blank have been curved around into overlap; 15 ping relationship. The ?ank is ?at or nearly ?at in the region of the teeth as indicated by the dotted lines B and C, Figure 6, the curvature be ing from line B to the end 22 and line C to the end 23. The portion 22 is brought into overlap 20 ping relationship over portion 23 and the curva the sheet in and arranged transversely of said widened central portion so as to be in a line lengthwise of the ?nger when the device is in position thereon. 3. The article of manufacture set forth in claim 2 further characterized in that the Wid ened central area is flat throughout the area of the comb teeth on which the pad of the user’s ?nger seats when the device is in place thereon. 4. The article of manufacture set forth in claim ture is such as to produce a frustroconical shape as indicated in FiguresB and 4, wherein it will be noted that the diameter of the frustum is dimension D at the end nearest the end of the 25 2 further characterized in that the combteeth user’s ?nger and a larger diameter E at the'por are in a line spaced off center from the trans, tion most removed from the end of the user’s verse center line of the widened central area, ?nger. This permits the comb to be ?t onto the 5. The article of manufacture set forth in user’s ?nger somewhat in the manner of an claim 2 further characterized in that the comb open ended thimble‘. The relatively ?at area of 30 teeth are of gradually decreasing length, the the ?nished article of manufacture between lines longest tooth being near the-small end of the ring, B and C ?ts the pad of the user’s middle ?nger of tapered shape and the shortest tooth towards and thus forms a ?at area which, in cooperation the large end of the ring of tapered shape. , with the shape of the comb, prevents the comb 6. An article of manufacture made from a pol 35 from rotating during use. When the user ?rst ished sheet metal blank of generally lozenge obtains the comb it may be adjusted to a smaller shape, the obtuse and acute angle corners of size by squeezing it in the direction of arrows the blank being smoothly curved, a plurality of 38, 39 and 4B or adjusted to a larger size by teeth, longer than they are wide, punched up opening the ring outward to increase the diam from the blank, so as to leave each tooth upstand eter of the frustroconioal shape. The amountvof 40 ing at the end of the aperture in the blank that overlap of members 22 and 23 is correspondingly is left when the tooth is punched, said teeth be varied. In this way the user may adjust the ing arranged in a line parallel to and spaced a comb to her individual ?nger size. short distance from the .transverse center line As many apparently widely different embodi of the blank, the blank being bent so as to bring ments of this invention may be made without de the rounded acute angular parts of the blank parting from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to into overlapping relation, the curvature being be understood that I do not limit myself to the such as to produce a generally frustroconical speci?c embodiments herein except as de?ned by shape with the teeth extending outwardly there the appended claims. from, said shape being of a size to ?t onto the What I claim is: . 1. An article of manufacture comprising a sin gle sheet of metal curled into a frustroconical end joint of a user’s ?nger. ' MARIAN L. FINMAN.