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Патент USA US2411278

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Nov. 19, 1946.
L. M. LEAVlTT
_2,411,278 ‘
BED-TYPE CHAIR
Filed May 28, 1945
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v2,411,278
Patented Nov. i9, 1946
’ UNITED' STA-'res ~ PATENT ’ ori-‘ICE
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. 2,411,278
BED-TYPE CHAIR
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Lillie M.`Leavia, Lakeport, n. H.
" Application May 28, 1945, Serial No. 596,196
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v 4 Claims.
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The present invention relates to a chair which
is expressly constructed for use by sick andA bed
ridden persons, the same `being especially and
suitably designed to occupy a satisfactory posi
tion atop the mattress, whereby to provide a con-,
venient chair and support for the occupant of the
bed.
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Although the chairv was expressly constructed,
at the time of inception,` for use in connection
with hospital beds, it is obviously, and equally
well ladapted for use in the home, and places of
‘ convalescence and recreation-
members 'I and 8` and suitablyfiattached andV
spaced slats 9. The >side members are` mortise‘d,
as shown in Figure 4, to accommodate, in‘each
instance, the projecting portion I0 of a latch plate
II. `The latter is ‘screwed orotherwise fastened
in place and the part I0 issocketed. toraccom-f.
modate a coil spring I2. The spring servesto‘prol»
ject the keeper end‘I3 of the head-equipped latch
pin or plunger
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The chair A comprisesa pair Iofspaced parallel
bottom or base rails I5, these `being adapted to;
sit ‘flat on the mattress I6, as shown in Figure .2.l
Inwardly of the rear end is a substantially U
Brieliy, the preferred chair is characterized by.
shaped strap I‘I having its outer end portions se
a suitable frame which is adapted to ñt firmly
and horizontally on the mattress, this` part of` 15 cured to the top surfaces` ot thenbase'railsJS,
the free ends being `upturnedtoprovide accom-L
the structure being provided with conñning sides
modation ears or lugs I8 to which ¿the hinge Pin
and arm-rests .and being .expressly designed to
tles I9, on the back-restB, are connected. >This
accommodate a tiltably adjustable back-rest.
U-strap I'I is the `main means lor" connecting the`
¿More explicitly, the` chair proper comprises a
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pair of spaced, parallel, horizontal rails to rest 20 rails together. .
I now call attention» tota plurality of uprights
upon themattress, uprights connected to and ris
20, 2| and 22, as seenV in Figurex2,'these hav-`
ing from said rails, and auxiliary rails above the
ing their inner,~ laterally-directed, lower» ends .23A
main‘base rails, said auxiliary rails constituting
riveted or otherwise secured .to longitudinally
side guards and arm rests, and being constructed
at their rear ends to appropriately coniine and 25 spaced >portions ofthe respective base‘rails 1I5.\
adjustably support aÍ'b‘ack-rest, the latter hing
Next, I call attentionfto the‘upper lor auxiliary
chair rails 24. I provide a pair of these disposed
edly connected to the rear end portions of the
in parallelism and of angular form. The hori
base rail.
zontal, inturned ñanges are denoted at 25 and
Other objects, features and advantages of the
invention will become more readily apparent from y30 are reinforcing elements as well as ledges. The
upper ends of the uprights 20, '2l and 22 are
the following description and the accompanying
riveted to the vertical ñanges of said rails 24. As
illustrative drawing.
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In the drawing, wherein like numerals are em
ployed to designate like parts throughout the
seen in Figure 5, a slide board or suitable plate
26 is provided, it being of general rectangular>
35 form, this part serving as a general utility table.
views:
Its outer, transverse ends slide on the ledge
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a bed chair
constructed in accordance with the principles of
the present invention showing the same set up
and ready for use.
,
Figure 2 is a side View of same illustrating it
positioned on a mattress and also showing the
adjustable positions of the back-rest.
flanges 25 and said flanges 4have channels 21
formed in their under surfaces. The channels
constitute keyways and serve to accommodate the
keys or detents 28 carried by the keying cleats 29
bolted or otherwise secured to the under surface
of the table board y2li. It will be noted that these
flanges 25 stop short of the point occupied by the
Figure 3 is a bottom plan View.
back-rest B when said back-rest is in perpendicu
Figure 4 is an enlarged detail section on the
line 4-4 of Figure 2 to show the latch construc 45 lar position, as shown in Figure 2. Thus, the rear
or terminal end portions of the rails constitute
tion, certain of the parts being omitted for clear-A
adapters and are denoted by the numerals 30.
ness of illustration.
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The curve slightly down and have their free ends
Figure 5 is an enlarged View showing how the
inturned and riveted to a cross-strap 3|. This
' table board is slidably mounted and held in place.
The structure, considered in general language, 50 serves as a rest for the rearmost and inclined
position of the back-rest, as shown at the right
is characterised by the chair proper denoted at
in Figure 2. It is also to be noted that these
A and the complemental back-rest, thelatter
downturned end portions 30 are provided with
denoted at B. The back-rest is the simplest ofl
longitudinally spaced apertures which constitute
the two parts in form, and comprises a frame
embodying vertical members 6, top and bottom 55 keepers 32 for selective reception oi the ends I3
2,411,278
3
of the spring-pressed latch bolts I4. Consequent
ly, the hinged back-rest can be adjustably posi
tioned and held, at a desired inclination, between
the apertured portions 3|) of said chair or aux
iliary rails 24.
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It is to be observed that there are no obstruc
tions between the outer end portions of the main
base rail I5. Consequently, the patient actually
sits directlyA onl themattress between said,` rails.,y
The uprightsandauxiliary side rails constitute;
coniining sides as well as arm rests toaid >in sup
porting'tmpatient. The table 26 comes in handy
for reading, eating, and other useful purposes.`
The back-rest is lightweight, yet sturdy, and easy
to adjust, making it possible for the patient to
recline to a position of requisite comfort;
Finally, my improved chair, with back-_rest and
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back rest for selective engagement in said aper
tures to adjustably secure said back rest to said
side rails.
2. A bed chair of the class described compris
ing a pair of spaced, parallel, relatively wide base
rails adapted to sit directly and firmly on a bed
mattress, uprights connected to and rising from
said base rails, auxiliary side rails connected to
the „upper ends of said uprights and disposed hor
izontally above and parallel-to the base'rails, said
auxiliary rails having inturned flanges> forming
ledges, said ledges serving as supporting guides,
» a table-board slidable on said ledge-guides, side
:grooves >extending longitudinally on the under sur
face of said ledge guides, retaining plates secured
‘ to‘said table’board and embracing said ledge y
guides, and guide portions on said retaining plates
side arms, can be used to advantage as a con
slidably disposed in said guide grooves.
venient support for patients that need a sitting
3. A bed chair of the class described compris
position in bed, such as with heart disease. The
ing a pair of spaced, parallel, relatively wide base
side arms serve as fa protection against falling
rails adaptedto sit directly and firmly on a bed
sideways when'patients are unconscious or‘vsemi
mattress, uprights connected toI and rising from
said base' rails, auxiliary side rails connected to
- It is thought that persons skilled in the art to
the upper ends ofV said uprights and disposed
which the invention‘relates will be able to obtain 25 horizontally above and parallel to the base rails,
a clear understanding of the invention after con
said auxiliary rails having inturned ilanges form
sidering the. description in connection- with the
ing ledges, said ledges serving as supporting
drawing. , Therefore,- a more lengthy. description
guides, a table-board slidable on said ledge-guides,
is regarded as unnecessary.
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the' undersides of said ledge guides having chan
4„Minor 'changes in the shape, size and arrange
nels. forming key-ways, and cleats on the under
mentof detailsl coming .within the ñeld‘of inven
side‘of said table-board, said cleats having de- 4
tionv claimed may be resorted to in actual practice,`
tents forming keys and said keys being slidable
if desired.v ,
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in said key-ways.
conscious.
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Y 4. .A bed chair comprising a pair of spaced,
' 1. A bed chair ofv the class described compris
ing >an open-bottom chair including a pair of
spaced, parallel, relatively wide base rails adapted
to sit ñrmly and horizontally on a mattress in
order to use lthe mattress asv a seat, said chair
including confining sides and arm/rests, >and an
adjustably mounted lback-rest, auxiliary side rails,
spaced above and'parallel t0 said base rails and
curving downwardly at their rear and having
a transverse back stop secured to their extrem
ities,- a. plurality of apertures in said downwardly 45
curying’portion, and spring extended plungers,
manually. retracted, removably _ sockete'd in , said
parallel base rails, a U-strap having its end por
tions connected to the rear end portions of said
base rails and securing said base rails together,
the upturned outer ends of said U-strap consti
tuting ears, a back-rest having hinge pins Y
mounted in said ears,n auxiliary rails, uprights
supporting the auxiliary. rails from and above said
baserails, the rear end portions of the auxiliary
rails being connected together by a stop strip and
beingr downturned and apertured, as shown and
described.
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LILLIE M. LEAVITT.
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