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Nov. 19, 1946. i J. sTANlTz - ‘ 2,411,301 v METHOD OF MAKING PRESSED METAL WATER CLOSETS @gw mi@ _ _ Nov. 19, 1946. 2,411,301 I .LfsTANl-rz METHOD OF MAKING PRESSED METAL WATER CLOSETS Filed April 8, 1944 6 `Sheets-Sheet 2 3mm/m Jacques ,fâ'i?auzz‘iyl ‘m 91W' ‘9% Nov. 19, 1946. l ¿411,301 J. STANITZ METHOD OF MAKING PRESSED METAL WATER- CLOSETS Filed April 8, 1944 6 Sheets-¿Sheet 3 mw , vm., n@, --.il „.1 „\ É „\,m m mw Qms/Maw Jacques Sinamií'âv Nov. 19,1946. 2,411,301 J. sTANlTz METHOD OF MAKING PRESSED METAL WATER CLOSETS ' Filed April 8, 1944 e sheets-sheet' 4 l fc4 l /llrllllllllla~ 6 \\\\\\\\\ _ 319.6 ,\\\\\\\\\\\\\ ` Jacques .Siam-'ij am Nov. 19, 1946.. J. s'rANlTz « 2,411,301v ` METHOD OF `MÀKÍNG PRESSED METAL WATER CLOSETS _Filed April 8, 1944 17 É k# y 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 ' ` _ ' î Á /10 o \ ` l u o V1 / Jig. I0 ____ ' I ~ `agie INVENTOR. Jacques ó'iarzz'i'ä , ATTO R NEYS ’ Nov. 19, 194e. J. sTANl'rz ’ 2,411,301 METHOD OF MAKING PRESSED METAL WATER CLOSETS Filed April a. 1944 .55 , . ' X > 31,9 ß\ s sheets-sheet` e ,J9 - , à? W 40 A T TGRNEYS \ valamo-il*um 1c, icec muren ' ` 2,411,301 raras PATENT OFFICE - - z-,nicoi Y - LIETHOD 0F Gr PRESSE!) METAL WATER. GLOSETS .lacunes Stanitz, Warren, Ghia, assigner to Mul line Manufacturing Corporation, Salem, Ohio, a corporation ci New York Application April 8, 19M, Serial No. 530,094 J3 Claims. v(Clt. 113-116) Y n , The invention relates to water closets and more ‘particularly to the construction and manu facture of Water closets from pressed metal parts, that is parts drawn, stamped, pressed or formed from sheet or plate metal which may he stain less steel, Monel metal or other corrosion resist- ` ing metal, or the pressed metal parts may be coated with a vitreous enamel such as porcelain.V Water closets for use in homes, hotels, oiîi‘lce buildings and the like are of two general types, ,2. A further object of the invention is to provide j i'or the simpliñed manufacture `oi.’ a water closet entirely of sheet metal 'stampings comprising a bowl, a wash-out connection or goose neck siphon tube, a jet tube, a perforated spray ring.. a header, ’a base and suitable support and trim members which are welded and soldered together. Another' object is to provide a-'method of mak ing a pressed metal Water closet in which simple the wash-out jet type and the Siphon iet type, component stampings are so formed and 'as- Í sembled as to hold and maintain their assembled both of which are commonly formed of china. positions and provide leak-proof joints therebe ` Although the type of Water closets used in rail road cars and ' similar places have been made largely of metal, and in some cases partly or en~ tirely of sheet metal, it is not known that water closets of the washout or Siphon jet type, suitable ’ for use in homes and the like have ever been made of pressedmetal. - The production of pressed metal water closets reduces the Weight of such plumbing fixtures and also reduces the cost oi' manufacture and the cost ' tween. Y ' It is a still further object of the invention to provide an improved and simplified design of sheet metal water closet construction. 1 And a final object is the provision of an im proved method of making- a pressed metal water v closet which is light in Weight, inexpensive to manufacture, pleasing and attractive in appear ance, rigid in construction, made of corrosion re sisting material such as stainless steel or Monel of installation thereof, all oí which renders them metal without using excessive amounts of the available for low cost housing units. same, or made from hat steel enameledwith a In the manufacture of pressed metal water 25 vitreous enamel. closets there are a number of factors which must The above together with other objects and ad be considered, namely; uniformity in size of the water channel, a large water area at least egual to the seat opening to overcome soiling or the walls of the bowl, the jet chel or tube must _ vantages which will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the drawings and following de-. scription, may he attained by constructing the improved water closet in the manner hereinafter he drainable tcprevent ‘bursting when drained described in detail and illustrated in the accom for winter, a strong rim hush to thoroughly Wash panying drawings, in which the walls of the howl, provision to preventbach Figure l is a vertical, longitudinal section of siphoning, a minimum depth of Water seal, quiet a washout jet type Water closet embodying the and eñîicient operation, Water control and vac @d invention; uum brakes, an even-distribution or water in Fig. 2 a top plan view of the same with the seat flushing, and the jet should he concealed as the removed; l » jet opening cannot ‘oe readily cleaned and would show a dark spot in the bowl if not concealed. The manufacture of water closets from drawn, pressed or stamped» sheet metal parts therefor presents a problem which is made more dimcult vif the advantages of mass production methods are to be attained because if a minimum oi’ scrap Fig. 3 is a vertical, longitudinal section of a ' Siphon type water closet embodying the inven tion; Fig. i is a top plan view of the same with the ' seat removed; Figs. 5 to 8 inclusive are enlarged detail sec-= 1 tions of modiñed forms of rim constructions; loss is to result, each individual part must he as dit Fig. 9 is an expanded view _of the individual simple as possible in design and shape, and the parts used in making the spray ring and header assembly of the parts must he simple and ac sub-assembly; curate and the finished product must he leak ' Fig. 10 is a diagrammatic view showing the proof, uniform as to size and shape and attrac spray ring and header Sub-assembly formed from tive in appearance. , dit the parts shown in Fig. 9; It is therefore an object of the invention Fig. l1 is an expanded view showing the parts to provide a method of making a water closet used to make the bowl sub-assembly; made entirely or sheet metal stampings, which Fig. l2 is a diagrammatic View showing the conforms to the above requirements, overcomes bowl sub-assembly formed from the parts of the problems, mentioned, and realizes the ad to Fig. il; . vantages or mass production methods. Fig. 13 is a View' of the jet connection tube; 2,411,301 ing; _ through the flanged opening 35 in the lower ' stamping I2 thereof. The tube 33 is upturned Fig. 15 is a sectional view of the support stamp ing; 4 34 for connection'with the receiving header Fig. 14 is a sectional view of the base stamp at its lower end at 36 for connection to the pe- . ’ Fig. 16 is a sectional view of the support and 01 ripheral flange 31 surrounding the opening 38 in the lower front wall 29 of the washout tube 21. trim plate stamping; The base 39 shown in Fig. 14 is in the form of Fig. 1'7 is a. sectional `view of the back plate a stamping having the flat horizontal top por stamping; ' tion of suitable shape and provided around its Fig. 18 is a sectional view of the seat finishing edges with the downturned flange 4I). A support top member stamping; and _ stamping’4l shown in Fig. 15 is provided between Fig. 19 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the the base and lower portion of the wash-out tube sub-assemblies of Figs. 10~and 12 and the parts v241 having the flange 42 around its edges fitted of Figs. 13 through 18 assembled ai. . brazed to"-" upon the top of the base stamping as at 43 and gether to form the completed water closet illus shaped at-its upper end to fit around the lower trated in Figs. 1 and 2. ` portion of the washout tube as at 44 (Fig. 1). Similar numerals refer to similar parts A support and trim plate .45 shown 1n Fig. 16 throughout the drawings. vsurrounds the forward portion of the bowl, the Referring fîrst to the washout jet type shown upturned end 48 fitting against the flange 23 of in Figs. 1 and 2, the perforate spray ring Ill is formed of stainless steel, Monel metal or other 20 the bowl andthe lower end having an inturned flange 41 fitting upon the top of the base. corrosion resisting metal tubing as it is not pos The back plate 48 shown in Fig. 1'1 is in the sible to entirely coat the inner surface of this tube with vitreous enamel. _ form of a stamping having a. flange 49 at its lower ' end seated upon the base and the flanged open ing 59 which receives the rear end portion 3| A tube connection II is provided for the spray - ring and stampings I2, I3 and I4 are provided of the washout tube. _ forming a receiving header for connection to the water supply pipe I5.' ì ` . The seat finishing top member shown in Fig. 18 is in the form of a stamping 5I having the de The stamping I3 is provided withan aperture pending flange 52> around its outer edges-termi coupling stamping I4, the peripheral flange I1 30 nating in an inturned channel portion 52’ fitting I6 in its upper surface, which receives the pipe at the lower end of which is received against the _ under side of the top wall of the stamping I3 at around the upper end portion 46 of the trim plate `45 and having the inner downwardly curved flange 53 fitted around the inner side of the spray a point surrounding the aperture I6. A depending-flange I8 is formed upon the f ring III, the rear end portion'thereof resting upon the flange 54 at the upper end of the back plate stamping I3, and provided at its forward side 48 and having the downturned flange 55 fitting with the opening I9 surrounded by the flanged over the rear edge of the flange 54. connection 20 which receives the end of the tube The bowl and washout sub-assembly shown in connection II. The lower stamping I2 'of the Fig. 10 is then assembled with the jet connec receiving header is provided with the upstand ing peripheral flange 2I which ñts within the de 40 tion tube 33 of Fig. 13, the support stamping I4 of Fig. l5,` the trim plate 45 of Fig. 16, the’backpending flange I8 of the stamping'l3. plate 48 of Fig. 17, the base 39 of Fig. 14, the seat In the manufacture of the article, the above finishing top piece 5I of Fig. 18, and the spray described parts I0, II, I2, I3 and I4 of the spray ring and receiving header sub-assembly of Fig. 10 ring and header shown separately in Fig.` 9 are and silver solder or brazing metal is applied to the joints and these assembled parts are again passed through a, hydrogen brazing furnace for -brazing all of the parts together ~as shown in> Fig. 19 into a unitary structure. 'I‘he brazed ~ press-fitted together and silver solder or brazing metal is applied at or adjacent to the'joints to be soldered or brazed and the parts are then passed through a hydrogen brazing furnace or the like where they are lbrazed together in a unit sub-assembly illustrated in Fig. l0, the silver sol dered or brazed joints being indicated by the leg end “braze” ` ` 50 joints are again shown by the legend “braze” in Fig. 19 and in carrying out the second soldering or brazing operation a lower melting point sol - dering or brazing metal is used. The bowl, indicated generally at 22, is formed parts vmay all be formed of stainless steel,`Monel ing the offset rim flange_ß23 shaped to fit around the exterior of the perforated spray ring IIl, the front and rear walls 24 and 25 of the bowl being metal or other corrosion resisting metal or may be of enameling steel and porcelain enameled as all of the parts excepting the spray ring and tubu tapered downwardlyv as shown in Fig. 11 and an outlet opening 26 being formed at the lower'end of the rear wall 25. ` The base and the trim pieces and assembled 4of a sheet metal stamping shown in Fig. 11, hav 60 >lar connection therefor may be enameled so as to obtain complete coverage on the inside which will avoid rusting.` Therefore these parts, as above stated, should be made of stainless steel, in Fig. 11, has the downwardly angled front end Monel metal or other~ rust resisting metal. portion 28, closed at its lower end as at 29 and The tubular stamping I4 may be screw thread provided with an opening 30 in its upper side coinciding with the outlet opening 26 of the bowl. 65 ed, as indicated at 56, to receive the pipe coupling 51 by means of which the water supply pipe I5 The substantially horizontal rear portion 3I of is connected thereto. A seat 58 and lid 59 of any the washout tube extends rearwardly from the conventional design may be mounted upon the bowl for some distance and is arranged to be con seat finishing top piece in usual and well known nected to the usual waste pipe. The b_owl 22 and ‘ tubular washout connection >21 are welded to 70 manner. Referring now to Figs. 3 and 4, the invention gether as indicated in Fig. 12, finish ground and ' is shown as applied to the siphon jet type in polished at the zone 32 (Fig. 1) to form the bowl which the bowl stamping 69 is provided at its sub-assembly illustrated in Fig. 12. upper edge with the outturned flange 6I upon The jet connection comprises a tube 33 illus Thetubular washout connection 21, also shown trated in Fig. 13,'having the upturned upper end 75 which the perforated spray channel stamping 62 2,4111301 . is mounted. This channel, together with the seat iinishing top piece 63 forms' a perforated spray ring at the top or the bowl. The downturned inner ñange E41 of the seat ñnishing top piece fits around the inner side of the channel 82 and the downturned cuter ñange 65 thereof nts around the outer side of the channel. _ " 6 » nnishlng top piece 98 Ihas the Vdepending outer flange 99 which may be brazed to the `ilange 98 and the depending inner flange |00 which may be brazed to the upturned ñange IDI? of the 5 stamping 85. ‘ ' . ' In Fig. 6 the bowl stamping IUZ-has the perfo rate inturned horizontal flange |03 and this to gether with the seat ñnishing top piece IM forms the perforated spray ring. The depending outer 10 ñange |05 of the seat ñnishing top piece may be The rear extensions 66 and 61 of the channel 62 and seat ñnishing top piece 64 are shaped to form a receiving header $8 for connection to the water supply pipe 69 by means of the tubular brazed to the upper portion of the bowl and the stamping 10 and form a tubular passage 1| bed , ‘ downturned inner ñange |06 of the seat ñnish tween the receiving header and the spray ring. . ing top piece terminates in the inturned hori The members 62, 63 and 10 may be press fitted zontal ñange ||l1 which may be brazed to the -together; solder or -braze metal is applied to the inner end portion of the ñange |03. . joints and the assembled parts are passed In _the form shown in Fig. '7 the bowi stamp through a hydrogen brazing furnace where they ' ing |08 is provided at its upper end with the oiï are brazed together in a unit. set ñange IUS to which the perforate channel The tubular siphon connection -includes the | l0 may be brazed. The seat iìnishing‘top piece substantially straight tubular stamping 12 hav 20 ||| has 4the depending outer flange ||2 which ing the closed forward lower end 13 and the may be brazed to the bowl flange |09 and termi opening 1d coinciding with the opening 15 at nates in the inwardly curved portion H3 `fitting the lower portion of the bowl -and these parts Within the oiîset. Hd of the bowi. The down may be welded together, finish ground and pol turned inner iiange lib of the top piece may be ished at the zone 1d. 25 brazed to theadjacent flange iid of the chan The tubular member 'il made of tubing and nel and then terminates in the inwardly curved :forming the jet connection is connected to the end ill! fitting beneath and brazed to the chan receiving header and to the tubular stamping 'l2 nel Il?. ' » in the manner above described in Figs. l and 2. In the form shown in Fig. 8 the bowl stamp The remainder of the Siphon connection com 3U ing H8 is provided at its upper edge with the prises the tubular goose neck member ld con outwardly and upwardly curved flange H9 Within nected to the upper; end of the tube 12 as by which is brazed the perforated spray ring HM. welding at ld, the lower end d@ thereof being The seat ñnishing top piece til is curved to nt adapted to be connected to the usual waste pipe. around the tube i2@ being brazed thereto and to Since it would be .substantially impossible to the upper edge or the bowl ñange tilt as at l2?. form a tubular piece into this goose neck and In its broadest aspects, the invention whichv maintain the diameters and changesy in diame ters necessary for proper operation, this goose neck member is preferably formed of two half stampings which may be welded together. The supportl stamping di is located between the tubular connection l2 and the lower portion of the goose neck member ld. The front sup porting and trim plate b3 has the inturned ñange dit at its upper end received against the outturned ñange di of the bowl‘and has the inturned ñange tti at its lower end mounted upon the base t5. A nanged opening db is formed in the base to receive the lower end portion 8d of the goose neck »comprises the present improved method contem plates eliminating the use of high cost china bowl assemblies in the manufacture of water closets and using low cost, high production stampings made by mass production methods for forming the bowl assembly, top assembly and ' the base and support trims, and then brazing and welding the parts into an integral, assembled, unitary structure, thus saving a great deal of ' material without sacrificing strength. Thus, the present invention provides an iin proved method and improved method steps for inexpensively making light weight, sheet metal- member, and the back plate @l has the inturned, 50 water closets from drawn, stamped, pressed-or curved flange tt at its upper end received within the downturned nange ed at the rear end oi the receiving header td, the lower end ci the back formed sheet or plate metal parts which may be readily and accurately assembled into a rigid, integral unit. Also, the present invention pro plate being located against the downturned vides an improved sheet metal water closet con iliange dii of the base stamping. All of these parts 55 struction having strong thin sheet meta-l walls. may be assembled together ,in the condition shown Accordingly, the present invention provides in Fig. 3 and passed through a hydrogen brazing for overcoming dimculties and eliminating many furnace so that they are brazed. together in a unit of the expensive and complicated and wasteful vin the manner above described. operations involved in the prior practice of mak The pipe coupling @l may be mounted upon the 60 ing water closets of the type described from threaded pipe @tof the tubular stamping ‘ld to c na. connect the water supply pipe G9 thereto and In the foregoing description, certain terms the seat t@ and cover dd may be attached to the have been utilized for brevity, clearness and un stamping di in conventional manner. derstanding, but no unnecessary limitations are As above described in regard to the form shown 65 to be implied therefore beyond the requirements in Figs. i and 2 the various stampings may be 4of the prior art, because such words are utilized made of stainless steel, Mone] metal or other for descriptive purposes herein and not for the corrosion resisting metal or may be coated with purpose of limitation, and are intended. to be a vitreous enamel. broadly construed° In Figs. 5 to u inclusive are shown various 70 I claim: modiiied bowl rim constructions which may be l. The method of makingv a pressed metal substituted for those shown in Figs, 1 to 3. In' water closet which comprises forming stainless Fig. 5 the angular perforate stamping 95 has the steel stampings forming a periorated spray ringp depending ñange tt which may be brazed to the a receiving header and a tube connection there upper edge portion of the bowl 91 and the seat 75 for. press fitting said stampings together braz’ing 2,411,301 7 , them together in a unit, forming a sheet metal bowl stamping with an opening at its lower end and a sheetl metal ejection tube, then welding the ejection tube to the bowl at said opening, forming a tubular jet connection for connecting the receiving header and the ejection tube, form ing a su_ porting and trim plate stamping, a. back plate stamping, a seat'flnishing top piece stamping', a base stamping and a support stamp sembling said spray ring and header unit at the upper edge of the bowl, press fitting the ends of the tubular jet connection with the receiving header and the lower end of the ejection tube, assembling said supporting and trim plate and said back plate to said upper assembled unit and to the base, and t1...-n- brazing all of these parts together into a unitary structure using a lower melting point solder than in the iirst brazing operation. ‘ ` ing, then assembling said spray ring and header . 3. The method of making a pressed metal unit at the upper edge of the bowl,.placing said water closet which comprises forming stainless seat finishing top piece upon said spray ring- and steel stampings forming a perforated spray header unit, press fitting the ends kof the tubular ring, a receiving header and a tube connection~ jet connectionv with the receiving header and the therefor, press fitting said stampings together lower end of the ejection tube, assembling said 15 and brazing them together in a unit, forming a supporting and trim plate and back plate to the sheet metal bowl stamping with an opening at seat finishing top piece and the base, assembling` its lower end and a sheet metal ejection tube, the support stamping to the ejection tube and then welding the ejection tube to the bowl at base, and then brazing all of these parts to said'opening, forming a tubular jetconnection 20 i gether into a unitary structure using a lower for connecting the receiving header and the melting >point solder than in the first brazing ejection tube, forming a supporting and trim operation. plate stamping, a base stamping and a support ' 2. The method of making a pressed metal stamping, then assembling said spray ring and water closet which comprises forming sheet header unit at the upper edge of the bowl, press metal stampings forming a perforated spray 25 fittingr the ends- of the tubular jet connection ring, a seat finishing top piece and a receiving with the receiving header and the lower end of header with a tubular connection to the spray the ejection tube, assembling said supporting Iring, press ñtting said stampings together and ' `and trim plate to the bowl and the base, assem brazing them together in a unit, forming a sheet bling the support stamping to support the ejec metal bow1 stamping with an opening at its low 30 tion tube from the base, and then brazing all of er end and a sheet metal ejection tube, then these parts together into a` unitary structure welding the tube to the bowl at said opening, forming a tubular jet connection for connecting ~ the -receiving header and the ejection tube, form ing a supporting and trim plate stamping, a back 35 plate stamping and a. base stamping, then'as- -' using a lower melting point solder than in the first brazlng operation. ì JACQUES STANITZ. 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