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Патент USA US2411385

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Nov. 19, '1946.
M. M. NEWMAN ET AL
2,411,385
COLLAR
Filed Jan. 5, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
IN VEN TOR.
Max M . NEW/MN
By VICTOR M. NEwMAw
lflTTORNEYS
Nov. 19, 1946.
M. M. NEWMAN ET AL
2,411,385
COLLAR
Filed Jan. 5, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
Max A!’ 'NEWIfMN
By YIUOR MNEWMAW
771mm @w
ETTORNEXS
Patented Nov. 19, 1946
2,411,385
UNITED? STATES PATENT OFFICE.
2,411,385
COLLAR
Max M. Newman and Victor M..Newman,
New York,,N. Y.
Application January 5, 1944, Serial No. 517,036
4 Claims. (Cl. 2-132)
Our invention relates to a new and ‘improved
collar, which can be a?ixed ‘to 'a'shirt, ‘or which
2
Fig. 13=is an enlarged section of the embodi
ment of. Figs. 10-12, similar to Figs. 4 and 8.
can be sold as a ‘detachable collar. The invention
In the ?rst embodiment of Figs. 1-4, the fabric
relates particularly to an vimprovement in the
layer H is the ?nal outer layer of the ?nished
outer band or face band of a collar of the familiar:
face band F, the fabric layer in is the ?nal inner
type, in which an» outer band is attached» to an
layer of said ?nished face band, and the fabric
inner band or neckband‘at the top fold line of
layer. I2 is the ?nal intermediate layer or lining
the collar.
layer of such ?nished face band.
According to our invention, we provide the cor
Said fabric layers II], II, and I2 are ?rst assem
ners of the outer band‘or face band of the ‘neck .10. bled as shown in Fig.2; with the layer ll located
tie, with ?exible chain weights, so that said
between layers It) and i2, and two chains l3
corners remain straight and ‘lie properly, even
located at each corner C of said assembly. Each
if the collar is unstarch'ed. By using ?exible
chain I3 .is thus located between the layers‘ I I
chain weights which havelittl'e or no inherent
and I2.
'
stiffness, instead of. non-bendable wires or the : 15' These initially ‘assembled 'fabric layers are
like, we provide a face band whose points remain
stitched ‘together at the bottom edge B of said
properly extended so as to present a neat "appear
assembly and at each upstanding edge E of said
ance, and the corners remain freely bendable, so
assembly, by means of two parallel "rows of
that the collar can be laundered by vhand or
stitches l4. Each chain I3 ‘is thus frictionally
by machine,‘ in. the usual ‘manner;
Numerous additional objects of our invention
are stated in the annexed description and draw
ings which‘ illustrate preferred embodiments
thereof.
20 held at the respective corner C; against ‘shifting
relative to the layers. E'ach chain I3 is of maxi-.
mum flexibility, and it is made of very ?ne ‘links,
bars, etc., so that it is as ?exible, or almost as
?exible, as the assembled layers. Since the links
Fig. l is a partial ‘front elevation of the outer 25 or other elements of ‘each chain l3 are pivotally
bandor face band of- a collar, which illustrates‘
connected ‘to each other, said chains l3l impart
how the’?exible chains are connected to said
little or no stiffness to the layers at the cor
face band, at its corners. In this view, part of ’ ners C.
the representation of ‘the lining layer of said face
The initial assembly, whose parts are thus con
band of the collar has been omitted.
30 nected by thestitc‘hes“, is free from stitches or
Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 ‘of Fig. 1.
other connecting means ‘at the top of such initial
Fig. 3 is a partial elevation of the completed
assembly.
‘
face band, after it has ‘been turned from the
This initial assembly is then turned so that‘ the
initial stage which is shown. in' Figs. 1 and 2.
lining layer 12 is ?nally located between layers
Fig. 4 is an enlargedlsection on- the line 4-4 35 l0 and ll, as shown in Fig. 4, which illustrates
of Fig. 3.
the ?nished face band F, which is ready for at
Fig. 5 is a view, similar to Fig. 1, illustrating a
tachment to the neckband of the collar.
modi?ed method of making the face band of the
In the completed faceband F, the inner layer
improved collar.
'
Ill has an inturned edge-portion at each up
Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5. 40 standing edge E, and the layers H and I2‘ hav
Fig. 7 is a similar view to Fig. 3,‘ showing the
inginturned abutting edge-portions at each said
?nished face band which is made ‘according to
edge E. Eiach' chain l3. at each corner 0,‘ is
said modi?ed method.
located between the inturned edge-portion of
Fig. 8 is an enlarged‘section on‘ the line 8—8
inner layer l0, and the inturned edge-portion of
of Fig. 7.
45 layer II.’ The same edge-construction is pro
‘ Fig. 9 is a ‘partialfront elevation of a ?nished
duced ‘at the bottom-edgeaB of the ?nished face
collar.
I
band F.
Fig. 10 illustrates a modi?cation, in which the
According to the modi?ed method which is
chain is connected to a ?exible tape, and said
illustrated in Figs. 5-8, the layers 10, II :and I2,
chain and its tape are then‘ connected to the face 50 initially assembled as. shown in Fig. 6, are
band of the collar.
stitched to each other at each upstanding edge
Fig. 11 shows the subeassembly of ‘the-?exible
E ‘and the bottom edge B, by a single line of
chain and ‘the ?exible tape.
stitches“. The top edges of said ‘layers 10,. H
Fig. 12 ‘is a section 'on' the line I2'-*-‘--Vl2 ‘of Fig.
and‘ I2 ‘remain unconnected toeachothengas
11.‘
>
:55 in v:th‘e "?rst embodiment.
4
2,411,385
4
be longer than the length of the edge E‘, in any
desired excess length. The bottom chains I3
thus hold the bottom edge B down, thus pre
'
, venting undesirable wrinkling or curling effects.
The invention includes a collar in which the
5
upstanding chains [3 are omitted, although it is
preferred to use said upstanding chains. In
each embodiment, the longitudinal edges of each
chain or reinforcing ‘member, are located be
10 tween the‘ longitudinal» edges of the inturned
edge-portions at the respective free edge of the
The initial assembly of Fig. 6 is then turned,
so as to locate layer l2 between layers in and H.
Two chains I3 are then inserted at each corner
C, so that said chains l3 are associated with the
layers in the manner shown in Fig. 1. The layers III, II and [2 are then connected to each
other at the bottom edge B and at the upstand
ing edges E‘, by supplemental stitches Ida, which
are parallel‘ to‘ stitches‘ it. ' The chains‘ £3 at
each corner C are thus frictionally clamped or
held
between
in position.
the body Each
of layer
chain
I2, I3
and
is the
theninturned~
located,
neckband.
In'each embodiment, each chain or
- reinforcing member is held clamped to the face
edge-portion of said layer [2.
In each embodiment illustrated in Figs. 4 and
band by two rows of stitches, between which the
longitudinal edges of the reinforcing member are
8, the layer H may be the outer layer or the in
ner layer of the ?nished face-band F, so‘that‘ > lobated. The reinforcing members are there
either the layer It! or the layer 1H may be the -; ,_ vfore free from stitches, between the longitudinal
‘edges of said reinforcing members.
face layer of the face band F of the completed
We have disclosed preferred embodiments of
collar which is shownin Fig. 9. In this com
pleted collar, the face band is connected at its 20 our invention, but numerous changes and omis
sions and additions can be made without depart
top to the top of the neckband in any suitable
ing from the scope of our invention.
manner, so that the collar has a top fold-line.
The part of the edge-portion of the collar
iEa'ch chain produces a bulge at the respective
which is provided with the chain, can be, bent
part of the ?nished face-band.
In the third embodiment, each ?exible chain :25 into curved form, with the corner C touching the
face-band of the collar, at the respective oppo
i3 is initially enclosed between the layers‘ 415a of
site end of the respective chain. The chain then
a ?exible tape l5 by means of longitudinal
imparts resilience to the respective edge-portion,
stitches [5. Each chain 43 is thus frictionally
so that said edge-portion springs back into
held in the pocket of the respective tapev i5. The
straight-line shape, or substantially to straight
* layers l5a are integral at one end of said pocket.
At the other end of said pocket, the layers 15a
. are connected by lateral stitches I1. Each chain
' l3 and its tape i5 are freely bendable, as a'sub
“do
unit.
,In the turned and. ?nished face-'bandF which:
line shape, when said corner C is released.
If
said edge-portion is straightened, it keeps its
shape. The links of the chain have a flattened
shape- We thus increase both the weight and
resilience of theface-band at its respective edge
portions, without using‘ any springs or the like.
is illustrated in Fig. ‘13, each said sub-unit abuts
an exterior face of the layer M. Stitches ill,
1.‘ A collar which comprises va face~band
‘which coincide with stitches it, connect the
which is connectable to a neckband, said'face
‘ledge-portions of the elements or parts of the
1 ?nished‘face-band. As in the'previous embodi—. 40 band having afree bottom edge and two free up
standing edges which join said bottom edge at
ments, either the layer H or the layer it] may
We
be the outer or face layer of the face-band in
claim:
.
1
Y
'
'
two ,. respective corners, transversely bendable
chain‘means connected to said face-band adja
cent said bottom edge, said chain means having
- I0, H and I2 can'be ?rst‘stitched to each other 1' _4:. longitudinal edges and having‘ respective ends
thereof adjacentres'pective corners of said face
:by-oneormore rows of stitches along edges 13
band, said chain means consisting of pivotally
andE, and the assembly can then be- turned so
connected links which are freely transversely
as to locate layer l2 between layers i2 between
- the completed collar.
{In making the third embodiment, the'layers
layers ill and II.
, movable relative to‘ each other from end to end
.
Eafch‘said subeunit-"l3él5 can then be appliediiiio of said chain vmeans, said chain means being
sufficiently heavy to hold the respective part vof
to a'respective edge portion of the layer It], and
the face-band in extended shape, said chain
each said sub~unit can then be connected to the
means being sufficiently bendable to permit said
- edge portions of said layers, at each corner C by
.‘collar to be laundered without removing said
additional stitches which pass through the fabric
121155 chain ‘means, said chain means being held
layers 55a and which miss the chain id.
clamped to said face-band by stitches between
The links or bars of each chain !3 can be
which the longitudinal edges of said chain means
made off-metal or other suitable material.
The weight of the two chains l3 at each corner
C, hold each corner portion of the‘face band in
straight and‘ extended‘ ‘formation, as in attic
However, each‘ corner portion
‘ s‘tarched collar.
of the face band remains freely bendable; to the
are‘ locatedsaid- chain *means‘ being .free ‘ from
stitches between their longitudinal edges.
2; ‘A collar‘which comprises a face~band which
is connectable to a neckband, said face-band
having a free bottom edge and two free upstand
ing edges which join said bottom edge at two
same extent or almost to the same ‘extent as
"respective corners, transversely‘bendable chain
' though the chains l3 were omitted. The bottom
- chains l3 are designated as “chain means.” .Theiite means clamped to said face-band adjacent said
‘bottom 'edge, said chain ‘means having ;longi—
tudinal edges and having respective ends there
'of adjacent‘ both said corners of s'aidiface-band,
‘said?chain means consisting of pivotally con
band, at the‘area where the respective‘ chain is ‘70 nected“ links which are freely transversely mov
able relative to each other ‘from end to end
thereof, ‘ said tchain means ' being sufficiently
The length of each‘ upstanding chain is equal
heavy to hold the respective-part‘ of the face
to or a little less than, ‘the length of the respec
. band in extended sh'apasaid chain means being
tive upstanding edge‘ E. The chain [3 which
‘chains i3. may produce a local stiffening‘effect.
Each chain is therefore a bendable reinforcing
member, since it may impart a local ‘stiffening
effect, and it increases the ‘thickness of the face
applied.
‘
i‘
.
'
,
>
follows the bottom edge B at each corner C,‘ may 75 sufficiently bendable to permit said collar to.‘ be
2,411,885
laundered without removing said chain means,
clamped to said face-band by stitches between
said face band having an upstanding chain of
which said longitudinal edges are located.
the aforesaid construction clamped thereto at
4. A collar which comprises a face-band
each said upstanding edge thereof, each said
which is connectable to a neckband, said face
upstanding chain having one end thereof adja
band having a free bottom edge and two free
cent a respective corner of said face-band, said
upstanding edges which join said bottom edge
chain means and said upstanding chains being
at two respective corners, transversely bendable
held clamped to said face-band by respective
chain means connected to said face-band adja~
stitches between which the longitudinal edges of
cent said bottom edge, said chain means having
said chain means and of said upstanding chains 10 longitudinal edges and having respective ends
are respectively located, said chain means and
thereof adjacent said respective corners, said
said chains being free from stitches between their
chain means consisting of pivotally connected
longitudinal edges.
links which are freely transversely movable rela
3. A collar which comprises a face-band
tive to each other from end to end thereof, said
which is connectable to a neck-band, said face
chain means being suf?ciently heavy to hold the '
15
band having a free bottom edge and two free
respective part of the face-band in extended
upstanding edges which join said bottom edge
at two respective corners, chain means clamped
shape, said chain means being su?iciently bend
able to permit said collar to be laundered with
out removing said chain means, said face~band
having an upstanding chain of the aforesaid
construction clamped thereto at each said up
to said face-band adjacent said bottom edge,
said chain means having longitudinal edges and
also having respective ends thereof adjacent both
respective corners of said face-band, said chain
standing edge thereof, each said upstanding
means consisting of pivotally connected links
chain having one end thereof adjacent a respec
which are freely transversely movable relative
tive corner, said chain means and said upstand
to each other from end to end thereof, said chain
ing chains being substantially as freely bendable
25
means being suf?ciently heavy to hold the re
as the material of said face-band, said chain
spective part of the face~band in extended shape,
means and said upstanding chains being clamped
said chain means being su?‘iciently bendable to
to said face-band by respective stitches between
permit said collar to be laundered without re
which their longitudinal edges are located.
moving said chain means, said chain means being
substantially as freely bendable as the material 30
MAX M. NEWMAN.
of said face-band, said chain means being
VICTOR M. NEWMAN.
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