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Патент USA US2411394

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Nov. 19, 1946.
1.. H. STRAYER
2,411,394
TOY TRAIN COUPLER
Filed March 22,‘ 1944
BY way/Mm
2,411,394
Patented Nov. 19, 1946
UNITED ‘STATES PATENT OFFICE ,
2,411,394
TOY TRAIN COUPLER
Lawrence H. Strayer, Kent, Ohio
Application March 22, 1944, Serial No. 527,601
9 Claims.
(C1. 213-—209)
2
This invention relates to improvements in
rear end extension 6a of drawbar 6 is provided
with a bore 8, spaced from bore 1, adapted to re
ceive a spring device (not shown) for yield
ably holding the drawbar in alignment with said
couplers for connecting cars on other units into
a train, and has particular reference to an im
proved coupler for connecting the cars of a toy
center line of the car or train unit to which it is
train.
pivotally attached. An oppositely extending
Objects of the invention are to provide a cou
forward end portion 61) of the drawbar is sub
pler of the character above indicated which can
stantially wider than the portion 6a and is pro
be manufactured at a low cost; which will be
vided with an apertured lug or ?ange 9 at one
strong and durable; which will be automatic in
operation when used with a like coupler, and 10 side of the longitudinal center line of the draw
bar.
which is provided with means automatically
A ?xed jaw II] on the forward end of drawbar
operable to couple or uncouple the cars, while
- portion [ibis arched laterally outwardly and in
the same are relatively in motion.
wardly substantially in the same horizontal plane
The above objects are accomplished and other
obvious ends attained by the novel construction 15 as ?ange 9, the free end of said jaw terminating
just short of the drawbar center line.
hereinafter described with reference to the par
ticular embodiment thereof disclosed in the
drawing, it being understood that the invention
is not con?ned to the particular form shown and
that changes and modi?cations may be made
which come within the scope of the claims here
unto appended.
In the
Figure
scale, of
structed
>
drawing:
1 is a top plan view, on an enlarged
two identical toy train couplers con
in accordance with the invention, the
The free end of said ?xed jaw It] is provided
with a vertical bar I l forming a T head.
The numeral l2 denotes a relatively movable
jaw having a base portion provided with a re
cess in which the flange 9 is received, a pin !3
being positioned through aligned bores in the
base portion and ?ange 9 whereby the jaw i2‘
may swing substantially in the horizontal plane
of ?xed jaw Hi. The jaw I2 is provided with
spaced parallel prongs which curve oppositely of
?xed jaw II) in the closed position of the jaws
same being shown in a coupled'condition.
(Figure 1)., the free ends of said prongs Ma and
Figure 2 is a'simllar view showing one coupler
l2b terminating in closely spaced relation to
in an uncoupled or open position.
Figure 3 is a front elevational View of the 30 or in contact with the bar II in said closed po
sition.
coupler at the left of Figure 1, or a rear eleva
The jaw I2 is provided with an integral lever
tiona-l view of the coupler at the right of Fig
I20, which is an extension of prongs i2a and MD
ure 1.
and extends substantially in the same‘horizontal
Figure 4 is an end elevational view. of the
coupler, as seen from the inner or couplings ends 35 plane as jaws Ill and 12. When the jaw I2 is in .
the closed position thereof the free ends of the
of either of the couplers in Figure 1.
prongs of the lever 12c extend at opposite top and
Figure 5 is a rear elevational view of the im
bottom sides of ?xed jaw Ill and project beyond
proved coupler at the left of Figure 1 or a front
the same, as shown in the drawing.
elevational view of the coupler at the right of
A rectangular lug 14 projects downwardly
40
Figure 1.
from the drawbar 6 at the forward end portion
Figure 6 is a bottom plan view of the two cou
61) thereof, and a latch l5 is pivotally connected
pler units shown in Figure 1, but with the cou
to the rear end face of said lug by means of a
pin it. The latch l5 has an arm l5a which ex
Referring to the drawings, the invention will 45 tends beyond one lateral edge of the drawbar
5 and is provided with a forwardly projecting
be best understood by means of a detailed de
member |5e having an upwardly extending head
scription of the coupler unit shown at the left
plers in open positions either for a coupling or
an uncoupling operation.
of Figure 1, like parts of the coupler unit at the
right of Figure 1 being given like numerals.
I5)‘ for engaging the lower lever 12d to retain
it in the closed position thereof, against the
The numeral 6 denotes a drawbar which is pro
vided intermediate the length thereof with a
bore 1 for receiving a pin or bolt by which it
may be pivotally attached, for example, to a
car or other unit of a toy train to swing rela
tively thereof in a horizontal plane. A reduced 55
yielding action of a suitable spring H. The
head 15)‘ has a downwardly inclined forward
face which, when the lever We is swung to closed
position, is engageable by the lower prong l2c
yieldingly ’to urge latch 15 downwardly, and
thereby releasably ‘lock the, jaw 12f in said‘ closed
2,411,394
3
position.
The latch i5 is also provided with a
swinging jaw hinged to the other lateral side of
the forward end of said drawbar, said swinging
jaw terminating in parallel prongs curved later
ally inward toward said head, a lever projecting
laterally inward from the base of said swinging
jaw, and a spring catch for engaging said lever
to hold the swinging jaw in a closed position.
downwardly projecting lever l5g which is dis»
posed to be operated by a cam (not shown)
which may be mounted on the ties or other struc
ture between the rails of a track, automatically
7 to open the jaws ! 2 and uncouple the units of the
train.
‘
The T-head ll of the ?xed arm It! is provided
4. In a coupler, a drawbar; a ?xed jaw pro
with forwardly inclined cam face i Ea, Which may
be engaged by a like cam face of another cou
’ pler unit to guide the respective ?xed arms of
the units toward proper coupling relation thereof.
In use the drawbar 6 is secured to the ?oor or
chassis of a toy car, engine or other train unit,
preferably by a pin or bolt (not shown), and a
jecting forwardly from one lateral side of the
10
forward end thereof; a swinging'jaw hinged to
the other lateral side of the forward end of said
drawbar, said swinging jaw terminating in
prongs curved inwardly toward said ?xed jaw;
parallel levers projecting laterally inward from
the base of said swinging jaw, said ?xed jaw
positioned between said levers with the ends of
part 6a yieldingly to hold the drawbar 6 in
the levers projecting laterally beyond the ?xed
longitudinal alignment with the center line of the
jaw when the swinging jaw is in a closed posi
train. Any suitable means, such as a relatively
tion; a spring catch for yieldingly engaging one
?xed cam, may be employed to engage the lever 20 of said levers releasably to hold the swinging
I5g when the train is moved past it, thereby
jaw in a closed position; and a bar projecting
yieldingly to disengage the latch I5 and auto
downwardly from said catch, said bar adapted _
matically open the jaw !2 while the train is in
to be yieldingly moved laterally to disengage said
motion. With the jaws E2’ of two coupler units
catch.
thus opened, when the train cars or units are
5. In a coupler of the character described, a
relatively moved'toward each other, the main
drawbar, a laterally arched ?xed jaw projecting
body of the ?xed jaw l 0 of each coupler unit will
from the forward end thereof, said ?xed jaw
be received between the spaced prongs l2a ‘and
having a vertically disposed T-head; a swinging
I2!) of the other, and the respective bars l I will be
jaw, hinged to the forward end of said drawbar
moved to engage the levers I20 and thereby 30 for limited turning movement on a vertical axis
operate the jaws l2 to a closed position. With
toward and from said head, said swinging jaw
this movement latch l5 engages the lever prong
terminating in spaced, parallel prongs curved
l2d and securely locks the couplers in coupled
inwardly toward said head, means on said swing
relation, as shown in Figure 1.
ing jaw engageable by the head on the ?xed jaw
While the improved coupler unit has been de
of a like coupler to close said swinging jaw
scribed in reference to a preferred position, it will
and a spring catch automatically operable to
be understood that the same may be operated in
hold said jaw in a closed position.
7
any position and that the terms upper, lower,
6. In a coupler unit of the character described,
lateral, etc., apply to the coupler wherever used
a drawbar, an outwardly arched jaw projecting
when placed in the position shown.
from the forward end thereof; a swinging jaw
hinged to said drawbar for movement to and
Having thus illustrated the invention and de
from the ?rst named jaw, said swinging jaw
scribed the same in detail, what is claimed is:
terminating in prongs curved toward the ?rst
1. In a coupler of the character described, a
named jaw, said prongs being spaced to receive
drawbar; an outwardly arched ?xed jaw pro
therebetween said outwardly arched jaw of an
jecting forwardly from one lateral side of the
other like coupler unit when said like coupler
forward end thereof, a vertical bar forming a T
units are relatively moved into coupling relation,
head on the forward end of said ?xed jaw; a
an automatically operable lock for holding said
swinging jaw hinged to the other lateral side
jaws in a closed coupling position; and a lever
of the forward end of said drawbar, said swing
ing jaw terminating in parallel prongs curved in 50 operable to release said lock.
'7. In a coupling of the character described,
wardly toward said vertical bar; parallel levers
two oppositely presented like couplers, each com
projecting laterally inward from the base of said
prising a drawbar having a relatively wide for
swinging jaw, said ?xed jaw positioned between
ward end portion; a ?xed jaw and a swinging
said levers with the ends of the levers projecting
spring or other means may be secured to the
laterally beyond the ?xed jaw when the swinging
jaw is in a closed position; and a spring catch for
engaging one of said levers to hold the swinging
jaw in a closed position.
‘
‘
, 2. In a coupler of the character described, a
jaw projecting forwardly therefrom, said ?xed
jaw having a T-head, said swinging jaw termi
nating in two spaced prongs curved laterally to
ward said head with each of- the prongs posi
tioned to contact with an end, of said head;
means on said swinging jaws engageable by the
‘drawbar; an outwardly arched ?xed jaw pro 60
head on the ?xed jaw of each coupler to move
jecting forwardly from the forward end thereof,
said swinging jaws to a closed position, spring
a T-head on the forward end of said ?xed jaw;
catches automatically operable to lock said
a swinging jaw hinged to the forward end of
swinging jaws in a closed position, and means
said drawbar; said swinging jaw terminating in _,
V
parallel prongs curved inwardly toward said 65 for releasing said catches.
8. In a coupling of the character described,
head; parallel levers projecting laterally inward
two oppositely presented like couplers,v each
from the base of said swinging jaw, said jaw
comprising a drawbar having a relatively wide
positioned between said levers, and a spring
forward end portion; a ?xed jaw and a swinging
catch for engaging one of said levers to hold
jaw projecting forwardly therefrom, said ?xed
the swinging jaw in a closed position.
v70 jaw having a T-head, said swinging jaw termi
3. In a coupler of the character described, a
nating in two spaced prongs curved laterally. to
drawbar; an outwardly arched ?xed jaw pro
ward said head with each of the prongs posi
jecting forwardly from one lateral side of the
tioned to contact with an» end of said head;
forward end thereof, a vertically disposed T
means on said swinging jaws engageable by the
head on the forward end of said ?xed jaw; a
head on the ?xed jaw of each coupler to move
2,411,394
6
‘said swinging jaws to a closed position, spring
catches automatically operable to lock said
plane of said ?xed jaw, a leverarm on said mov
swinging jaws in a closed position, a lever de
?xed jaw having an element on'the free end
thereof projecting toward the plane of said mov
able jaw l’or engaging the lever arm of a like
coupler unit to close the jaws thereof and for
pending from each drawbar, said levers operable
to unlock said catches whereupon the head on
each ?xed jaw will engage a swinging jaw and
able jaw extending toward said ?xed jaw, said
engaging the movable jaw of said like coupler
unit in closed coupled relation of said like units,
and spring actuated means operable by closing
a drawbar, a relatively ?xed jaw on said draw
bar, a relatively movable jaw on said drawbar, 10 movement of said movable jaw for yieldingly
'releasably locking the same in said closed posi
said jaws being spaced apart and terminating
tion.
in closely adjacent free ends in a closed cou
LAWRENCE H. STRAYER.
pling position thereof, said movable jaw being
movable in a plane substantially parallel to the
move the same to an open position.
9. In a coupler unit of the character described,
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