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Патент USA US2411504

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NOV. 26, 1946,
Y
J_ cARLlsE
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SAVING DEVICE FOR OIL HEATERS
Filed June 18, 1942
.
INVENTOR.
JO’!!! Car-lake
ATTORIVEY
Patented Nov. 26, 1943
2,411,504
» UNITED
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'~ I [STATES
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2.411.504
PATENT
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, OFFICE i
_ 1 vl-FUEL SAVING nhvion FOR 011. HEATERS
John Carlise, N ew York’, 'N- :Y
0 ‘ Application ‘June 18, 1942, Serial No.447z538 ‘
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,5 Claims.
This invention relates to new and useful im
provements in a fuel saving device for oil burners.
More particularly, the invention proposes the
provision of a heat retaining membersupported
(Cl. 110—97) .
2
looking in the direction of the line 1-1 of Fig. 6.
The fuel saving device for oil burners, in ac
cordance with this invention, is used in combi
nation with an oil burner H1 having a hollow
within the housing. of an oily burner which has 5, housing H with a top vent l2 and a fuel burner
a top vent and a burner at the bottom portiom
for the purpose of receiving and holding heat
given 01f by the burner and so preventing “the
I3 in the bottom portion thereof, and the usual
air circulation system not shown. The top vent
I2 is provided with the usual automatic draft reg
rapid passage of heat through the ' housing.
ulating swing .gate l2’?L and adjacent manually
With this construction the burner may be con 10 operable valves 1-2.1’, one at each side of the draft
structed of smaller capacity than heretofore, and
regulating swing gate .l2e, to circulate the heat
yet suf?cient heat will be‘ given off to suitably
heat a house. It has been found that withthe
>most effectively. This fuel burner 13 is illus
trated having only one circular wick l4, about
new construction a one wickburner may be used
seven inches in diameter which may burn with
in place of the ordinary two wick burner now 15 a high flame during the day and with a low ?ame
being used.
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during the night to produce the desired heat.
Furthermore, it has been found that with the
new construction less fuel is required. An ex
The new device includes a horizontally laminated
heat retaining member [5 supported within the
periment was made in the room of a small house,
housing H above said burner 13 and adapted to
of a size 12' x 16’ and-9‘ 4" high, and it'was 20 receive and hold heat given off ‘by the burner
found that with the new construction three gal
to prevent therapid passage of heat through the
lons of fuel-were required in 24 hours, whilewith
the old construction ?ve gallons were required in
'23 hours to maintain the room at identical tern
peratures.
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housing.
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Heretofore, without the provision of the heat
retaining member 15 the heat from the burner
would rapidly pass through ‘the hollowhousing
‘
Still further the invention proposes a construc
tion of heat retaining member formed of a plu
rality of laminations which may befslightly sepia;
and-out of the vent l2.
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The heat retaining member 115 comprises a, pin
rali-ty of horizontal 'lam'in'ations 16,‘ I1 and' I8
rated when desired to increase the heat discharge '
which are supported ‘upon a pair of angle mem
of the retaining member when more heat is re 80 bers l9 attachedon the sides of the housing ‘I l.
Headed studs 23!! are mounted on the ends of the
quired.
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For further comprehension of this invention.
and of the. objects and advantages thereof. ref
erence will ‘be had to thefollowins descriptions
and accompanying drawing, and tov the appended
claims in which the various vnovel ieatures of the
invention are more particularlyset forth.
I
tion-s downwards in ‘intimate, contact with each
A pair of laterally spaced strips mare ?xedly
In the accompanying drawing. fgrining'a ‘ma
terial part of this disclosure-_—:
other.
v
Fis- 1 is a perspective View of
oiljburner
having a fuel saving device constructed in ac.
cordance with this invention.
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Fig. 2 isv a side view of
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Fig. 3 is a plan view of’the burner shown in
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Fig. 4 is a fragmentary enlarged detailed yiew
of a portion of Fig. _2.
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Fig. _5 is a perspective viewlof certain pf the
parts shown in Fig. 4 with parts being broken
away for clarity of illustration;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional-viewtaken on r I
the line 6—‘t‘of Fig. 4.;
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attached-by screws 24 to the ends of the top lami
Fig. 2,.this view being taken looking in the .direc- .
tion of the line 3-3 of Fig.2.
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nation 16. Pins 25 project from the’laminations
“1 with portions
broken awaytojdiscloseinterior parts.
angle members Ii] vand pass through aligned
openings 21 formed in the laminations 16, Hand
l8. Springs 22- are coaxial-1y mounted upon the
stud 2b and act-between the heads of: the‘ studs
and the top lamination for holding the lamina
' l1 ‘and 48 and engage in ‘vertical slots‘26 formed
in
the
strips 23. ‘The arrangement is such that
la“ infation 156? maybe lifted for slightly .
' laminations it, 1?? and 1t, the-pins
25 engaging the bottoms of theislots 2;; its: control
the aimdunt of separation .ofwthe'll'aminations.
The top iammauon i6 is provided with several
lugs 2-8 which are engaged by ?exible members
29 extended‘ upwardsand engaged over pulleys"
30 on "a shaft ‘31. "This shaft Bl projects from
the front of the housing H and I is provided with
a hand'wheel 32. by wmeh the shaft maybe
turned' The hand-‘wheel 32 has a back peg 63
- Fig. '7‘ is' an enlargédp'artial elevational view 55 which may engageinone of a plurality of open_
2,411,504
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ings 34 formed in the housing I l concentric with
the shaft 31 for holding the shaft in various
turned positions. A spring 35 acts between one
of the pulleys 30 and one side of the housing II
for urging the shaft 3| in one direction to main
tain the engagement of the peg 33 with one of
the openings 34.
The operation of the device is as follows:
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‘downwards along opposite sides of the bottom
layers of said heat retaining member and formed
with spaced vertically extended elongated slots
aligned with the edges of said bottom layers, and
pins from said bottom layers engaging said ver
tical slots, said slots for said bottom layer being
slightly longer than the slots for the next layer
above, whereby when said top layer is lifted each
of said bottomylayers will be successively lifted
Normally, the laminations 16, I1 and I8 are in
and spaced from each. other, and expansion
face contact with each other. The heat from-the 10 springs mounted on said studs and operating be
burner I3 is readily absorbed and held by these I tween the heads of said studs and the adjacent
laminations which are constructed of cast iron or
faces of the topmost layer of said heat retaining
other suitable substance. During the use of the
member for urging the layers into facial contact
oil burner the retained heat will be slowly ra
with one another against the action of said lifting
15
diated and will be directed in the usual way to
means.
the compass of the room. If it is desired that ad
3. A fuel saving device, comprising a housing
ditional heat be drawn out from the heat retain
for the passage of heat and having spaced side
ing member 15 and discharged into the room, it
is merely necessary to grip the handwheel 32,
pull the hand wheel 32 outwards to disengage the
peg 33 from its opening 36, and then turn the
shaft 3| for causing the pulley-s 38 to draw up the
?exible members 29. This will lift the top lami
nation It and indirectly lift the second lamination
walls, horizontal support members mounted on
said side walls, a laminated heat retaining mem
ber rested on said support members, vertical
headed studs extending from said support mem
bers and slidably extended through complemen
tary openings formed in the layers of said heat
retaining member limiting movement of said lay
l1 and so separate the laminations from each 25 ers relative to each other to the vertical only,
other. Now more radiating surfaces are exposed
means for lifting the top layer of said heat reg
to the air currents.
taining member, spaced vertically extending stripsv
While I have illustrated and described the pre
having their top ends securely attached to oppo
ferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be
site sides of the top layer and their free ends pro
understood that I do not limit myself to the pre
jected downwards along opposite sides of the bot
cise constructions herein disclosed and the right
tom layers of said heat retaining member and
is reserved to all changes and modi?cations com
formed with spaced vertically extended elongated
ing within the scope of the invention as de?ned
slots aligned with the edges of said bottom layers,
in the appended claims.
and pins from said bottom layers engaging said
35
Having thus described my invention, what I
vertical slots, said slots for said bottom layer be
claim as new and desire to secure by United States
ing slightly longer than the slots for the next
Letters Patent is:
layer above, whereby-when said top layer is lifted
1. A fuel saving device, comprising a housing
each of said bottom layers will be successively
for the passage of heat and having spaced side
lifted and spaced from each other, said support
walls, horizontal support members mounted on
members comprising angle members having one
said side walls, a laminated heat retaining mem
of their arms securely attached to said side walls
ber rested on said support members, vertical
and their free arms directed inwards and pro
headed studs extending from said support mem
vided with said studs.
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bers and slidably extended through complemen
‘l. A fuel saving device, comprising a housing
tary openings formed in the layers of said heat 45 for the passage of heat and having spaced side
retaining member limiting movement of said
walls, horizontal support members mounted on
layers relative to each other to the vertical only,
said side walls, a'laminated heat retaining mem
means for lifting the top layer of said heat retain
ber rested on said support members, vertical
ing member, spaced vertically extending strips
headed studs extending from said support mem
50
having their top ends securely attached to oppo
bers and slidably extended through complemen
site sides of the top layer and their free ends
tary openings formed in the layers of said heat
projected downwards along opposite sides of the
retaining member limiting movement of said lay
bottom layers of said heat retaining member and
ers relative to each other to the vertical only,
formed with spaced vertically extended elongated
means for lifting the top layer of said heat retain
slots aligned with the edges of said bottom layers, _
ing member, spaced vertically extending strips
and pins from said bottom layers engaging said
having their top ends securely attached to oppo
vertical slots, said slots for said bottom layer being
site sides of the top' layer and their free ends pro
slightly longer than the slots for the next layer
jected downwards along opposite sides of the
above, whereby when said top layer is lifted each
bottom layers of said heat retaining member and
of said bottom layers will be successively lifted 60 formed with spaced vertically extended elongated
and spaced from each other.
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slots aligned with the edges of said bottom layers,
2. A fuel saving device, comprising a housing
and pins from said bottom layers engaging said
for the passage of heat and having spaced side
vertical slots, said slots for said bottom layer be
walls, horizontal support members mounted on 1 ing slightly longer than the slotsfor the next
said side walls, a laminated heat retaining mem—
layer above, whereby when said top layer is lifted
ber rested on said support members, vertical
each of said bottom layers will be successively
headed studs extending from said support mem
lifted and spaced from each other, said pins when
bers and slidably extended through complemen
said
layers are in face contact being located within
tary openings formed in the layers of said heat
retaining member limiting movement of said lay 70 the top ends of said slots to‘ move to the bottom
thereof when said layers are lifted for holding the
ers relative to each other to the vertical only,
layers with their adjacent faces spaced.
means for lifting the top layer of said heat re
5. A fuel saving device, comprising a housing for
taining member, spaced vertically extending strips
the passage of heat and having spaced side walls,
having their top ends securely attached to opposite
sides of the top layer and their free ends projected 75 horizontal support members mounted on said
2,411,504
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side walls, a laminated heat retaining member
rested on said support members, vertical headed
studs extending from said support members and
slidably extended through complementary open
ings formed in the layers of said heat retaining
member limiting movement of said layers rela
said heat retaining member and formed with
spaced vertically extended elongated slots aligned v
with the edges of said bottom layers, and pins from
said bottom layers engaging said vertical slots,
said slots for said bottom layer being slightly
longer than the slots for the next layer above,
tive to each other to the vertical only, means for
whereby when said top layer is lifted each of
lifting the top layer of said heat retaining'mem
said bottom layers will be successively lifted and
ber, spaced vertically extending strips having their
spaced from each other, said heat retaining mem
top ends securely attached to opposite sides of 10 her having its layers formed of cast iron.
the top layer and their free ends projected down
wards along opposite sides of the bottom layers of
J OHN' CARLISE. ’
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