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Патент USA US2411512

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NOV. 26, 1946.
2,411,512
J_ E" ARENA
WEAVING APPARATUS
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Feb. 21, 1946
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Nov. 26, 1946.
2,411,512
J. E. ARENA
WEAVING APPARATUS
Filed Feb. 21, 1946
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
JBSePh EArena,
7 ‘I I
Nov. 26, 1946. 4
' J. E. ARENA
2,411,512
WEAVING APPARATUS
Filed Feb. 21, 1,946
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‘
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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Patented Nov. 2-6, 1946
2,411,512
UNITED" ~ STATES: PATENT oFFicE;
Joseph E. Arena, United? StateslAirmy;
'
Hammonton, N.‘ I?
~
Application February 21,. 1946, SerialNoi 649,447
6‘ Claims.
(Cl; 28'—1‘)
(Grantedz under’ the act of March‘ 3; 1883, ‘as,
amended April-30, 1928; 3-700; G; 757)
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.
.
The'inventio'n described herein‘ maybe man
ufactu'red‘ and‘ used by‘ or- for the Government
,
.
2
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detail‘ a certain illustrative embodiment of? the
for governmental purposes, without payment; to‘
me of any royalty thereon.
This invention relates to weaving apparatus,
andimore particularly'to. an apparatus for weav
invention; this being indicative of but one of sev
eral ways in which the principles of! the‘i'nven»
tion' may be: successfully employed.‘v
In‘ said . drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective of‘ the apparatusof
ing narrow’ strips or garlands into camou?age
the presentinvention;
nets, although not limited thereto. ~
“
Figure 2 is aside elevation;
Figure '3 is a perspective illustrating in‘ detail
In the'art‘ of camou?age, nets are draped over
heavy weapons, vehicles, stores and other bulky‘ 105 the upper and lower elongate strips between
objects,- the construction and‘ appearance ofthe
net being such that the same blends into the
surrounding area. It has been found that for
which the strandis'f'ed;
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, '
Figure 4‘ is a fragmentary detail, partly in sec
tion, of the forward end' of the apparatus;
certain purposes, such as those of’ a combat area,
Figure 5 is‘ani elevational view on the line 5'—5“
cloth garnishing hasbeen most practical. The 151 of Figure 2;
net itself is a simple arrangement of? suitably
‘ Figure 6' is a fragmentary plan on the’line 6'—6
spaced parallel longitudinal strands intersected
of Figure 2;
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“
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at suitable‘ intervals". by parallel cross-strands.
Figure ‘7 is a perspective illustrating" the func
There are a‘ number" of‘ materials which maybe
tion of the apparatus: and
‘
a
used‘ for net-garnishing, such as chicken
Figure 8 is a fragmentary elevation, partly in
feathergst'eelzwooli Spanish moss between layers
section, of the forwardlend'of‘the apparatus.
of chicken wire, glass‘ wool, patch-and-strip
garnishing, etc;, using natural and arti?cial ma
terial‘s; Most frequently ' the garnishing material '
takes the form: oft cloth garlands of strands,
usually intheforni of: relatively.- narrow woven
strip, andthe task ofvweavingi tlie‘rsame into‘the'f
net: ('orrbasef‘abric')‘. is tedious-at? b‘est'; , ItLisi'notI
practicable, and sometimes'not; possible; tolpre-l
diet: the' desired combinations ‘of: colors and! patL -‘
terns to be. provided by the garlands; Sand for"
this: reason. the: garlands- cannotl beiv incorporated 1'
inthe net’. at: the time of5 its manufacture. It is7
therefore; necessary to‘ perform.- t‘his: operation
separately and subsequently; Whether, this‘ op
eration' takes place-in-the factory: or at-Ltlie combat, area, it‘ is‘ extremely time-consuming andv
tiresome.
i
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Y
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It. is; among the objects-of’? the present inven
tion'. to provide a weaving» apparatus . which; - while 140
Referring more‘ particularly to the drawings,
the Weaving apparatus of’ the invention com-'
prises a horizontally disposedoblong frame which
is made up of a pair of parallel longitudinal
members 2? and righti-angularly disposed end
members 3 which connect the longitudinal mem
bers adjacent one of their extremities. If de
sired, the longitudinal members 2' and the end‘
member inlay take the form of‘standard‘struc
tural‘ elements, for example, angle irons, etc.
A pair of diagonal members 4' are secured to
and‘ extend upwardly from‘ the longitudinal mem
bers 2' and‘ project beyond the adjacent ends of
' the latter. The‘ upper ends of these diagonally
upwardly extending members 4 terminate in‘ han
dle members 5'. Vertical bracing members 6- extend between, and connect, the diagonally up
wardly extending members 4 with the longitudi
nal members 2" of the horizontally ‘disposed
adapted for other uses‘, isiparticul‘arlyl adapted?’
to‘. semi~automatically garnish camou?age’ nets;
oblong frame.
whereby time‘ and man power is greatly'con
members 6 there is mounted? a wheel‘ 8: for su -
served;
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y‘
"
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j
Another object‘ is the‘ provision of an appa»
ratus of the type described‘ whichfisé‘simple» and,
inexpensive to manufacture, operate-‘and main‘
tain.
‘
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Immediately below each of the vertical ‘bracing
porting the adjacent end' of the horizontally dis
posed oblong frame. Referring‘ to the. opposite,
or forward, end of the oblong frame, the end
member 3 car-riesan inwardly extending horizon- ‘
tal shaft H on which there is‘ pivotally mounted
Still; another object is the- attainment of the
foregoing-by an apparatus which’ may also'be
operated to. shear the garland" in such manner
a’ yoke' l2 carrying a normally/horizontal?spindle
l3 on which there is rotatably. mounted’a, pair
as't‘o leave it: in place.
The elements thus far described, form a
Wheeled truck or carriage which may be e?i
‘
A further object is the provision of an ap
paratus'of the class described whichvmay‘be 0p‘
erated inspeedy fashion .over a long periodof time ‘
with but a1 minimum of fatigue‘;
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of relatively small wheels l4; '
'
ciently moved‘ about by utilizing‘ the handle
'imembers't' of the diagonally upwardly extending
members
4.
‘
’
‘
The invention, then, comprises ‘the features‘
Disposed immediately below the‘ vertical brac
hereinafter- fully described,‘ and. as‘ particularly;
pointed out inthe-claims, the followingnescrip'ef
,tends' betweenthe'v parallel’, longitudinal‘ mem
tion and the annexed drawings setting‘ forth in“
ing members'?' is‘a horizontal apron [8 which ex- .
bers‘ 2, and' is“ mounted‘ for swinging movement“
~
2,411,512
3
with respect thereto. This apron l8 carries a
pair of spaced horizontal strips 20 which are dis
posed between, and extend in parallelism with,
the longitudinal members 2, to terminate ad
jacent to, but in spaced relationship from, the
yoke I2 carrying the relatively small wheels l4.
The apron I8 carries a pair of aligned and
widely spaced vertical supports 22 each of which
carries an anti-friction roller 23. A horizontally
4
Referring to Figure 2, the vertical bracing mem
bers 5 carry a transverse shaft 40 which is adapted
to support a pair of rotatable reels 4! of the
strands to be woven through the cross-strands
of the net or base fabric. For illustrative pur
poses, the strands 42 are shown as of garnish
ing material for camou?age nets, and take the
form of relatively narrow woven strips.
From its rotatable reel 4|, each of the strands
disposed slidable plate 24 is supported by the 10 42 (i. e. relatively narrow woven strip) is fed
anti-friction rollers 23 and is free to move for
wardly and rearwardly of the oblong frame.
The horizontally disposed slidable plate 24 car
ries a pair of strips 25 which are disposed over
downwardly, then over a transversely extending
guide 43; then horizontally forward into and
through the space between the adjacent pair of
upper and lower strips 25 and 25 respectively.
the previously described spaced horizontal strips 15 As the strands 42 pass from between the forward
ends of their respective lower and upper strips,
20; and the forward ends of the strips 25 converge
they extend over the upper surfaces of the
onto and make contact with the corresponding
hingedly mounted extensions 35 on the said lower
portions of the said strips 20 as shown in Figure 3
strips.
of the drawings. The remaining portions of the
A stationary shear blade 45 is carried by one
strips 25 extend angularly away from the strips 23 20
of the longitudinal frame members 2 at a point
to provide passages therebetween; and the edges
which is forward of the hingedly mounted exten
of the forward ends of the strips 25 are serrated,
sions 35 on the forward ends of the lower strips
as shown at 250.. The purpose of such construc
29. Cooperating with the stationary shear blade
tion and arrangement will shortly appear.
The diagonal members 4 support a horizontal 25 45 is a pivotally mounted horizontally movable
shear blade 46 which is actuated by an operating
shaft 28 which is disposed above and transversely
cable 41. The other end of the operating cable
of the longitudinal members 2. Suitable lever
41 is connected to an operating handle 48 which
and-link systems connect the slidable plate 24
is mounted adjacent the handle member 5 of the
with the shaft 28 and the latter with an operat
ing handle 30 which is disposed conveniently 30 right-hand diagonal member 4.
In operation:
adjacent the right-hand handle member 5, as
A camou?age net X is stretched out on a rela
shown in Figure 1.
tively fiat surface and the machine of the inven
The forward edge of the horizontal apron l8
tion is moved to the desired point on the net
(which is mounted at its ends for swinging move—
ment) carries a forwardly projecting lever 3| to 35 while the operator squeezes the lever 33 to par
tially rotate the shaft 28 and elevate the forward
which there is attached an operating cable 32.
edgeof the horizontal apron 18. This elevates
The other end of the operating cable 32 connects
the bottom strips 20 and the upper strips 25
with an operating lever 33 which is disposed
which ride thereon; and prevents the said bottom
adjacent to the left-hand of the handle mem
40 strips from dragging on the ground.
bers 5.
Next, the hinge'dly mounted extensions 35 on
Referring more particularly to Figure 3, the
the lower strips 20 are aligned with the longitu
forward end of each of the pair of lower strips 25
dinal rows of the net X; the lever 33 is released
carries a short hingedly mounted extension 35
to lower the lower strips 20; and by the use of
which is capable of upward angular movement
45 the handle members 5 the machine is pushed for
with respect to a horizontal plane.
ward. In moving the ears 31 on the side ?anges
The side edges of the hingedly mounted exten
35a of the hingedly mounted extension 35 on the
sions 35 and the correspondingly adjacent por
lower strips 20 catch the cross-strands of the
tions of the lower strips 2!) are provided with
net and cause the said extensions 35a to rise over
upwardly extending integral ?anges 35a, and 20a,
alternate cross-strands. The machine is moved
respectively, which overlap at their adjacent ends.
as far as it is desired to garnish the net X ‘and is
The upwardly extending integral ?anges 25a of
then stopped. The operating handle 33 is operated ‘
the lower strips 20 are tapered inwardly, as at
to partially rotate the shaft 28, move the slidable
23b, to substantially the upper surfaces of said
strips. The upwardly extending integral ?anges
plate 24 forwardly, and thereby impart forward
35a of the hingedly mounted extensions 35 taper 55 movement to the upper strips 25. This forward
movement of the upper strips 25 permits the ser
outwardly thereof from a height which is sub»—
rations 25a on the forward ends to catch the
stantially that of the corresponding ?anges 25a
strands 42 and project them forwardly over the
of the contiguous lower strips 23 to the plane
stationary lower strips 20. The machine is then
of the upper surfaces of the said extensions as
shown at 35c. Preferably, too, the forward ex 60 backed up slightly so that the wheels I4 rest
on the projected ends of the strands 42 and hold
tremities of the extensions 35 are complementarily
them against withdrawal thereof from the net as
beveled to provide for easy insertion of the said
the machine is moved rearwardly to the point at
extensions under the cross-strands of the net,
which the operation was begun. During this
the manner and purpose of which will appear
immediately hereinafter.
65 rearward movement of the machine the strands
42 are drawn from between the forward ends of
At the inner ends of the upwardly extending
the lower and upper strips. At the end of the
integral ?anges 35a of the extensions 35 there is
rearward movement the operator again squeezes
formed a vertical protuberance or ear 3‘! for
the lever 33 to elevate the bottom strips .23 and the
the purpose of enabling a cross-strand riding
thereover to elevate the said extensions whereby 70 upper strips 25 to a height at which the body
portions of the strands 42 are in the path of the
they will be permitted to ride over the next
movable shear blade 45. The operating handle
parallel cross-strand; provided, of course, that the
48 is then moved to actuate the movable shear
latter is not too closely or too distantly, spaced.
blade 46 and sever the adjacent portions of the
Thus, the extensions will ride over and under the
parallel cross-strands in alternating relationship. 75 strands 42.
2,411,512
5
In the foregoing manner, then, the strands 42
are interwoven into the net X. Securing of the
strands 42 in the interwoven relationship may be
accomplished in any suitable manner.
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim as new and wish to secure by Letters Pat
ent is:
‘
1. Apparatus for weaving a strand into a sub
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
strand fabric comprising a wheeled carriage'
adapted for movement over said- fabric, an elon
gate strip adapted to assume a, substantially hori
zontal position in close proximity to said fab
ric, a vertically de?ectible extension on one end
of said elongate strip, a second elongate strip
disposed above and in substantial parallelism with
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
said ?rst-named strip whereby the strand to be
strand fabric comprising a wheeled carriage 10 woven may be inserted between said strips, the
adapted for movement over said fabric, an elon
upper strip being disposed to converge upon and
gate strip adapted to assume a substantially hori
engage the inserted strand at a point which is
zontal position in close proximity to said fabric,
adjacent the de?ectible extension on the lower
a de?ectible extension on one end of said elon
strip, means for enabling the longitudinal slid
gate strip, a second elongate strip disposed above 15 ing movement of the upper strip with respect to
and in substantial parallelism with said ?rst
the lower strip to thereby feed the forward end
named strip whereby the strand to be woven
of said strand over said de?ectible extension,
‘may be inserted between said strips, the upper
means on said de?ectible extension for engage
strip being disposed to converge upon and engage
ment by the cross-strands of the fabric to impart
the inserted strand at a point which is adjacent 20 a weaving motion to- said extensionduring the
the deflectible extension on the lower strip, and
unitary longitudinal movement of the upper and
means on said de?ectible extension for engage
lower strips with the wheeled carriage, and means
ment by the cross-strands of the fabric to impart
for elevating and lowering the forward end of
a weaving motion to said extension during the
the lower strip with respect to the wheeled car
unitary longitudinal movement of the upper and
riage.
'
lower strips with the wheeled carriage.
5. Apparatusv for weaving a strand into a sub
2. Apparatus for weaving a strand into a sub
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
strand fabric comprising a wheeled carriage
strand- fabric comprising a wheeled carriage
adapted for movement over said fabric, an elon- '
adapted for movement over said fabric, an elon 30 gate strip adapted to assume a substantially
gate strip adapted to assume a substantially hor
horizontal position in close proximity to said fab
izontal position in close proximity to said fabric,
‘ ric, a vertically de?ectible extension on one end
a de?ectible extension on one end of said elongate
of said elongate strip, a second elongate strip
strip, a second elongate strip disposed above and
disposed above and in substantial parallelism
in substantial parallelism with said ?rst-named 35 with said ?rst-named strip whereby the strand
strip whereby the strand to be woven may be in
to be woven may be inserted between said strips,
serted between said strips, the upper strip being
the upper strip being disposed to converge upon
disposed to converge upon and engage the in
and engage the inserted strand at a point which
serted strand at a point which is adjacent the de
is adjacent the de?ectible extension on the lower
?ectible extension on the lower strip, means for 40 strip, means on said de?ectible extension for
enabling the longitudinal sliding movement of
engagement ‘by the cross-strands of the fabric to
the upper strip with respect to the lower strip to
impart a weaving motion to said extension dur
thereby feed the forward end of said strand over
ing the unitary longitudinal movement of the
said de?ectible extension, and means on said de
upper and lower strips with the wheeled carriage,
?ectible extension for engagement by the cross 45 and a shear disposed adjacent said de?ectiblé
strands of the fabric to impart a weaving motion
extension.
to said extension during the unitary longitudinal
movement of the upper and lower strips with the
wheeled carriage.
3. Apparatus for weaving a strand into a sub
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
strand fabric comprising a wheeled carriage
adapted for movement over said fabric, an elon
6. Apparatus for weaving a strand into a sub
stantially horizontally disposed open-mesh cross
strand fabric comprising a wheeled carriage
50 adapted for movement over said fabric, an elon
gate strip adapted to assume a substantially
horizontal position in close proximity to said
fabric, a vertically de?ectible extension on one
gate strip adapted to assume a substantially hori
end of said elongate strip, a second elongate strip
zontal position in close proximity to said fabric, 55 disposed above and in substantial parallelism with
a vertically de?ectible extension on one end of
said ?rst-named strip whereby the strand to be
said elongate strip, a second elongate strip dis
woven may be inserted between said strips, the
posed above and in substantial parallelism with
upper strip being disposed to-converge upon and
said ?rst-named strip whereby the strand to be
woven may be inserted between said strips, the
upper strip rbeingdisposed to converge upon and
engage the inserted strand at a point which is
adjacent the de?ectible extension on the lower
strip, means on said de?ectible extension for en
engage the inserted strand at a point which is
adjacent the de?ectible extension on the lower
strip, remotely controlled means for effecting the
longitudinal sliding movement of the upper strip
with respect to the lower strip to thereby feed
the forward end of said strand over said de?ect
gagement by the cross-strands of the fabric to 65 ible extension, and means on said deflectible ex
impart a weaving motion to said extension dur
ing the unitary longitudinal movement of the
upper and lower strips with the wheeled car
tension for engagement by the cross~strands of
the fabric to impart a weaving motion to said
extension during the unitary longitudinal move
riage, ‘and means for elevating and lowering
ment of the upper and lower strips with the
the forward end of the lower strip with respect 70 wheeled carriage.
‘
to the wheeled carriage.
JOSEPH E. ARENA.
4. Apparatus for weaving a strand into a sub
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