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Патент USA US2411616

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Nov. 26, 1946.
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c. DOERING ET AL
.
2,411,616
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING, CUTTING, AND MOLDING
INDIVIDUAL EDIBLE SPREADS
Filed April 7, 1941
5 Sheets-Sheet l
'6
ITNVENTORS.
GHARL ES 005mm;
HENRY H. momma v
ERIC W.‘ ANDERSON
BERT J. S GLUND
Nov. 26, 1946.
.
v0. DOERING ET AL
2,411,616
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING; CUTTING, AND MOLDING
INDIVIDUAL EDIBLE SPREADS
Filed April 7, 1941
.
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INVENTORS.
' CHA RL ES DOERING.
HENRY H. aazpma
'BY
v .
‘
ERIC w. ANDERSON.
BERT ,7 KOLUND.
(Q
at I a
a
ATTORNEY.
'
'
2,411,616
Patented Nov. 26, ‘1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
APPARATUS FOR FEEDING, CUTTING, AND,
MOLDING INDIVIDUAL EDIBLE SPREADS
_ Charles Doering, Henry H. Doering, Eric W. An
derson, and Bert J. Skoglund, Chicago, 111.;
said Anderson and said Skoglund assignors to
said Charles Doering and Henry H. Doering
Application April 7, 1941, Serial No. 387,256
2 Claims.
(Cl. 31-7) ’
1
2
This invention relates to molding devices and
more particularly to combined cutting and mold
ing instrumentalities for converting edible plastic
slabs into polygonal units of varied surface de
sign, although certain features thereof may be
employed with equal advantage for other pur
plication of impressions and to insure precision
poses.
’
as well as a maximum production by the im
proved combination of elements that makes pos-v
sible the simultaneous power actuation of im
pressing and cutting instrumentalities in devices
of this character.
One object of the present inventionis to pro‘
vide an improved combined printing and cutting
‘
It contemplates more especially the provision
of ‘molding Vandcutting' instrumentalities com
bined to ‘convert edible plastics into polygonal
units in a single operation responsive to a feeding
instrumentality for effecting the severance of
mechanism that is simple in construction and op
10
plastic slabs into palatable segments of pleasing
appearance.
~
eratesresponsive to the feeding operation‘.
Another‘object is to provide a simple feeding
device ‘for controlling the operation of instrumen
talities that respond thereto to effect the forma
tion of edible plastic slabs into a plurality of
It has been customary to form edible plastics 15 multiple segments of any selected surface design
such as butter ‘and kindred edible substances into
rectangular'bricks of varying weights; however,
these necessitated’ transverse and longitudinal
severance with auxiliary devices to create rec
tangular segments primarily for restaurant pur
poses.
This not only entails much labor in the 1
to render such more palatable and attractive.
Still ‘another object is to provide improved
power actuated means for segmenting edible
plastic slabs into a multiple of associated units.
"A further object is to provide a novel combina
tion of segmenting, surface impressing, and eject
ing instrumentalities automatically operative re
preparation thereof for serving to the consumer,
sponsive to a slab feedig mechanism for conver
but also the contour thereof is only utilitarian,
which does not enhance the appearance thereof,
sionof edible plastic slabs into multiple segments
an important factor in pleasing the taste of the 25 impressed with selected surface designs thereon.
individual consumer.
A still further object is to provide a novel com
The novel formation of edible plastics into ad
bination of feeding, segmenting, surface impress-v
hering units of varied design imparts a continu
ing and ejecting:instrumentalities combined for
ous polygonal effect, serves toimpart a more
single stroke power operation to convert edible
pleasant appearance thereto, and also eliminates 30 plastic slabs into segments having any selected
considerable labor heretofore necessary in pro
ducing palatable segments thereof. Edible plas
surface design thereon.
'
Still a further object is to provide novel feed
tics are produced in accordance with the teach-_
ing, molding, cutting and ejecting instrumen
ings'of the present invention in a single operating
talities in combination with thermal control
stroke which effects substantially simultaneous 35 means to convert edible plastic slabs into multiple
severance and surface design impression, this be
segments having any selected surface designs
ing distinguished from the usual method of lon
thereon.
'
gitudinal and then transverse division of units
Other‘objects and advantages will appear from
into multiple segments of usually rectangular
the following description of an illustrative em.
shape and devoid of surface design. Surface de 40 bodiment of the present invention.
signs on such commodities are considered ad
In the drawings:
vantageous for restaurant purposes.
Figure 1 is a front view in elevation of a device
I
vPower operation of the impressing means
serves to feed the slab of substancesin the path
.
embodying features of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary sectional side view in
of the impressing and cutting instrumentalities 45 elevation taken substantially along line II—II of
torender the latter effective in the continuity of
operations responsive to a single manual control.
Figure
.
'
‘
Figurei3 is a sectional perspective view looking
This may be in the form of a hand or pedal ac
down on the'platen or supporting table when
tuator control depending upon the dictates of
taken substantially along line III-III of Figure
commercial practice. It is important that‘ the 50 l, parts'thereof being broken away to clarify the
power instrumentalities that actuate the cutting
showing.
.
1
and impression instrumentalities, be controlled
Figure 4 is a perspective plan view of the rear
to the extent of creating a single actuation for
shoulder stop for limiting the inward positioning
' each slab of material that is presented thereto.
of the substance on the feeder plate as shown in
This is controlled automatically to avoid a due 55
Figure 3.
'
'
2,411,616
3
Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
substantially along line V-V of Figure 3.
Figure 6 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view taken substantially along line VI--VI of
Figure 2 with the combined molding and cutting
instrumentalities in spaced relation prior to
e?ecting the initial operation thereof.
Figure 7 is a plan view of the thermal plate ele
ment serving as a backing for the cutting and
molding elements shown in Figure 6.
Figure 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view taken substantially along line VIII—VIII of
Figure l constituting a side view of the lower part
of the device with portions broken away to show
the power actuating mechanism for the cutting 15
and molding instrumentalities.
Figure 9 is a sectional view of the power con
trol instrumentalities taken substantially along
4
the upper extremity 2‘! of the reciprocally mount-v
ed shaft 25 for movement therewith. As shown,
the rectangular platen 26 has a ?at upper surface
28 and depending side walls 29 (Figure 2) that
de?ne the periphery thereof.
To enable the support and feeding of the edi
ble slabs of plastic material, a feed and support
ing member 3%] is shaped to serve as a comple
ment for the platen 26 to cooperate therewith.
To this end, the feed and supporting member 30
has a ?at upper surface 31 sized to slide over and
confront. the corresponding surface 28 of the
platen 25, the former having front and side de
pending flanges 32 to correspond with the ?anged
periphery 29 of the platen 26. The slab feed and
supporting member 30, in this instance, has a pair
of spaced rods 33 anchored in the forward de
pending flange 35! (Figures 1 and 2) to project
rearwardly through correspondingly bored aligned
line IX-IX of Figure 8.
Figure 10 is an enlarged sectional view of the 20 bosses 34—35 provided in the forward and rear
ward depending ?anges 29 0f the platen 26 to
power actuator control taken substantially along
serve as a guide for the spaced rods 33 and the
line X-—-X of Figure 9,
slab supporting and feeding member 30 which re
The structure selected for illustration com
iprocate relative thereto. To this end, corre
prises a horizontal frame member I!) of substan
tially rectangular con?guration which is support 25 spondingly spaced vertical slots 33' are provided
in the forward wall 20 of the upwardly extend
ed at the desired elevation by a plurality of corner
ing bracket 19 (Figure 3) to accommodate the
standards ii, in this instance four, that prefer
spaced rods 33 as these are displaced rearwardly
ably though not essentially comprise angle irons
relative to and upwardly with the platen 26.
attached at their upper ends to the frame mem
This enables the feed and supporting member
ber it by welding, riveting or other suitable fas
to receive a slab of substance in its extreme in
tening expedients. In the present embodiment,
operative position toward the left (when viewed
the standards H are inclined to converge up
from Figure 2) to convey the slab to an opposite
wardly toward the frame member is in order to
extreme operative position above the platen 26
serve as a rigid support therefor at any desired
elevation from a supporting surface such as a 35 toward the right (when viewed from Figure 2)
?oor I2.
‘
To maintain the corner standards H in their
desired spaced relation and to rigidify the sup
port of the frame member 56, cross members I3
constituting angle irons are welded or otherwise
joined to the cOI‘ner standards li proximate to
the lower extremities thereof. This reinforces
the standards and provides a durable frame for
the elevated support of the frame member Ill. A
top plate It is disposed upon the frame 10 and
extends rearwardly to provide an apron I5 sup
ported by a frame extension It (Figure 2).
and in direct vertical alignment therewith to
place the slab in the path of impressing and cut
ting instrumentalities to be described herein
after. The slab feed and supporting member
38 is movable in a horizontal plane toward and
above the platen 26 and in a vertical plane there
with, by means of the telescopic association of
a rod 36 with a tubular member 31.
The rod 36 has a circular boss 38 at its ex
tremity to cooperate with a furcated lug 39
anchored to the forward depending ?ange 32 of
the slab feed and supporting member 35. The
rf‘he top plate £4 with its rearwardly extending
boss 38 and furcations of the bracket 39 are
bored for axial alignment to receive a pintle 49
apron it has a depending webbed bracket l1 dis
posed between the rear corner standards H to 50 therethrough for pivotal connection of the rod
terminate downwardly in a bearing l8 (Figure 8)
with the feed and supporting member 39.
to support the operating instrumentalities to be
The tubular member 31 extends downwardly
hereinafter described. Additionally the body top
for rigid attachment as at 4| to a pedal 42
plate l4 with its rearwardly extending apron 15
(Figure 8). The pedal 42 has depending cars
has an upwardly extending bracket I9 that pre
43 through which a pintle 44 extends to pivotally
sents a vertical surface member 26 in alignment
connect the pedal 42 to spaced plates 45-46 at
with a corresponding depending surface member
tached to an angle iron cross-bar 41.
2|, the former constituting a part of the upstand- '
The cross-bar 41 is spot-welded or otherwise
ing bracket [9 and the latter a part of the de
attached to the forward corner standards H of
60 the frame ill (Figures 1 and 8) and an angle
pending bracket I? (Figure 2).
It should be noted that the top plate M has a
member 47' or other suitable trip (Figure 8) is
depending bearing boss 22 formed integral there
fixed thereto in the path of the pedal 42 to serve
with to depend therefrom, it constituting a rigid
as a stop therefor to limit its downward displace
part of the top plate M for reinforced support
ment. It will'be observed, therefore, that the
by a web 23 extending to the depending surface
actuation of the pedal 42 will cause the tubular
member 2i for integral joinder therewith. An
actuator rodextension 31 to oscillate therewith
other bearing 23’ extends laterally of the de
and impart corresponding movement to the rod
pending surface member 21 for attachment
36 which is in telescopic association therewith
thereto in spaced relation with the depending
for sliding the slab feed and supporting mem
boss 22, rI‘he boss 22 depending from the top
ber 3% toward the platen 26 until it reaches its
plate Ill is vertically bored to receive a bearing 24
extreme aligned position therewith. A spring
Which is pressed therein to de?ne a guide for a
48 is anchored atone extremity 49 to the upper
correspondingly sized shaft 25 that is reciprocally
‘portion of the pedal 42 while the other spring
mounted in bearings 23' and Z4 aligned therewith.
A substantially rectangular platen 25 is fixed to " extremity 50 is anchored to a lug 5| attached to
2,411,616
a.
6
oneof the forward corner standards H (Figure
purpose, thereby precluding the plastic, slabs 52
8).
The spring 48 thus rotates the pedal 42 in a
counterclockwise direction (viewed from Figure
8) to be returned to its initial position together
ber surface 3! which serves as a support for the
with the slab feed and supporting member 30
that is operatively connected therewith. In order
to maintain a slab of plastic material such as
butter 52 in the desired position on the feed mem
.
from directly contacting the upper feed mem
material 52 preferably with a liner therebetween.
The preparation of the slabs 52 is fully disclosed
in‘ copending application Serial Number 269,297
and ?led April 21, 1939, which has eventuated
into Letters Patent No. 2,321,188, dated June 8,
1943, but such may be accomplished in other
ber surface 3! and to serve as an indexing ex 10 Ways depending upon the dictates of commercial
practice.
'
pedient therefor, a substantially L-shaped mem
ber 53 is attached thereto for support proximate
In order to enable the vertical reciprocation
to the forward and side wall thereof. A sub
of the platen 26 together with the feed member
stantially rectangular lug 55 is also attached to
30, the platen supporting shaft 25 terminates at
the feed member surface 3| in lateral alignment 15 its lower end in a furcated coupler 76 which is
with the L-shaped indexing member 53 in order
joined thereto by means of a threaded reduced
to insure against angular misplacement with re
end on the shaft 25 screwed into a drilled and
spect to the impressing and cutting instrumen
threaded hole in the coupler 15, the shaft being
talities to be hereinafter described (Figure 3).
provided with a lock nut ‘H. The coupler 16 is
Then, too, the rearward edge of the feed mem 20 attached by pivot 18 to a connecting rod 19,
ber surface 5-35 is provided with an upstanding
which has a split clamping bearing holder com
shoulder comprising an angular member 55 hav
prising a semicircular cavity in the connecting
ing attaching arms 55-—51 projecting therefrom
rod l?'and the cap 80. A bearing is held in the
to contact the underside of the feed member 30.
bearing holder and rotatably holds the eccentric
To this end, the arms 58-51 may be attached
disk 83 which is rotatably mounted on the ec
to'the underside of the feed member 38 by spot
welding or resort to fastening expedients that
project _through aligned apertures 55-459 and
centric shaft 84. The shaft 84 is journaled at
one extremity in the bearing l8 which confronts
another end bearing 85 supported by a bracket
60-—5l provided in the shoulder arms 56-p-5'l and '
85 anchored to one of the four corner standards
feed member 39,- respectively.
In the event 30 H. The eccentric shaft 8d has a clutch housing
fasteners are employed for this purpose, they
it‘! rotatably mounted thereon and ?xed to the
should be of a type to avoid obstructionv to the
eccentric disk 83 for rotation therewith. A
upper feed member surface 3!.
ratchet wheel 99 is ?xed to the shaft 84 and is
With this arrangement, it will be apparent
intended to rotate continuously during the op
that the plastic slabs 52 will be confined to a 35 eration of the machine.
de?nite position upon the feed member 30 to
The clutch housing 81 and the attached ec
accurately receive the desired impression and
centric disk 33 are adapted to be rotated by the '.
simultaneous segmentation as will appear more
shaft 85 when the latching mechanism herein,
fully hereinafter. In order to provide'for the
after described is released. To this end, the
convenient handling of the slabs 52 before and 40 clutch housing 8”.’ is provided with a pawl 88 that
after being subjected to the simultaneous im
is pivoted thereto as at 89 to present an offset
pressing and segmenting operation, rectangular
lever arm 95 in the path of a trip 9!. The trip 9!
table members 32-53 are supported adjacent the
is horizontally pivoted to the bracket 86 by means
platen 26 and feed member 218 to extend laterally
of a pivot pin 92 (Figure 9) to present the trip
from both side edges thereof. The table mem
extremity 93 in the path of the offset lever 95
constituting a part of the pawl 88 a rectangular
bers 62-53 have depending shoulders ?ll-65
and‘ 66—5‘! attached to their peripheral side
stop SI’ is ?xed to the bracket 86 in the path
edges.
of the trip 9| to serve as a stop therefor. A coil
The shoulders 5!t—55 and 66-51 comprise
spring 94 is anchored as at 95 to the trip 9! to
strips of suitable material attached to the under
impart an urge thereto in a clockwise direction
side of the table members 62—53, the shoulders
(viewed from Figure 9) and the other extremity
65 and 5'5 being at the left and right of the edges
of spring 94 is anchored to a bracket 95' by
of the table members 62—63, respectively, and
means of a rib or projection 96 projecting there
the shoulders at and 6G being fastened to the
from. The bracket 95 is adjustably mounted
inner edges of the table-members 62—63 near
on bolts 96" as a take-up on the end bearing
the platen 26 and supported on angle irons 68-69
85 and secondarily to adjust the tension on the
attached to the upper end‘ of the frame member
spring 94. A limit pin 91 is also anchored in the
Iii (Figure l). Extensible legs Til-ll are at
bracket 86 to serve as a stop against which the
tached‘by clamps ‘FE-‘l3 to brackets 'M-—15 ?xed
spring 94 moves the trip 9i so that its extremity
to the inside of the table members 62—63 at 60 93 is normally disposed directly in the path of
points spaced from the angle irons 58-69 in
the offset arm 98. The pawl 88 is pivotally
order to maintain the table members 62-53 in
mounted to confront circumferentially disposed
the desired horizontal plane. This affords a sub
teeth 98 comprising a part of the ratchet wheel
stantial working surface for handling and other
99 which is keyed as at 99’ to the shaft 84 for
operations preparatory to and after the slabs 52
are removed from-the member 25. I
_
rotation therewith.
'
A spring W6 is interposed between the pawl
It is to be noted that the plastic material 52
is ?rst cut or otherwise shaped into preformed
rectangular slabs of uniform size so that the
arm 98 and a countersunk lug I!!! formed on the
serve as a position indicator therefor on the flat
maintain the spring H30 in a recess 56!!’ pro
vided in the lug llll formed on the clutch hous
clutch housing 81 to normally urge the pawl 88
in engagement with the ratchet teeth 98. A pin
guide and indexing expedients 53—5A—55 will 70 H32 preferably projects from the pawl arm 90 to
feed member surface 3!. It is preferable though
not essential that theedible plastic slabs 52 be
deposited on a sanitary liner of parchment or
‘other suitably processed paper adaptable for that 75
ing 81. It will be observed, therefore, that when
the trip 93 is in its normal position, it will engage
beneath the pawl onset arm 90 and displace the
2,411,616
8
7
removes his foot from the pedal 42, it will be
apparent that the eccentric shaft '84 will only
pawl 88 from engagement with the ratchet teeth
98, thereby permitting the shaft 84 to idle re
sponsive to the rotation of a comparatively large
pulley I63 driven by a belt I84 that engages a
driving pulley N35.
The driving pulley N35 is ?xed to an armature
rotate one full revolution to cause a single eleva
tion of the platen 26 with its feed member 30
C41 until the operator removes his foot from the
pedal 42 and repeats the operation. When the
operator has removed his foot from the pedal 42,
the latter returns to its initial position and the
electric motor IIi'I has a base Hi8 which enables
feed member 3!! will also return to its inoperative
attachment thereof to the cross members I3 sup
ported by the corner standards II (Figure 8). 10 position (Figure 2) and permit placement of an
other slab of plastic material 52 thereon.
It will be observed, therefore, that rotation of
In order to support cutting, molding and eject
the pulley I53 responsive to the motor IIl'I will
ing instrumentalities in the path of the platen
normally impart rotation to the eccentric shaft
surface 26, the upper frame bracket I9 with its
84 without actuating the eccentric 83. The ec
surface member 23, is provided with an angle
centric 83 is rotated only when the pawl 88 en
bracket I23 that is attached thereto to provide a
gages its teeth 98, and this is controlled by the
downwardly flanged die and cutter holder I23’
pedal 42 having an upstanding trip I59 ?xed to
(Figures 2 and 6). The holder I23’ provides a
the upper extremity III} thereof. The trip I09 is
downwardly open rectangular housing I24 sus
so postioned as to engage an offset extremity III
of a lever H2 which is pivoted as at H3 to the 20 pended from the angle bracket I23 in confront
ing relation with the platen 26 and feed member
web 2I of the lower frame bracket II.
39 when the latter is over the platen 25. The
The lever H2 is normally urged to its extreme
housing I24 is shaped and sized to correspond
clockwise position (viewed from Figure 8) by a
substantially with the feed member 30, the
spring H3’ that is connected therewith for
former serving as a retainer and guide for a
anchored attachment to the frame bracket 5|,
plate I25 shaped to conform with the interior
thereby tending to return the lever IE2 to its
of the housing I24 for displacement through the
initial inoperative position. The lever II2 has a
lower open end thereof.
cross lever I 54 pivoted thereto as at I I5 to present
The plate I25 is, in this instance, of rectangu
a curved edge Ilt‘ that engages a reduced ex
tremity Ill’ of the trip QI (Figures 8 and 9). The 30 lar configuration to receive a smaller plate I26
which is covered by a flanged plate cover I2‘I
cross lever IIti is normally urged in a counter
brazed or otherwise joined therewith. The plate
clockwise direction (viewed from Figure 8) by
cover 527 is impressed with circuitous troughs
means of a spring H3 anchored to the free ex
I28 (Figures 6 and 7) to confront the plate I25
tremity H9 thereof. To this end, the other ex
and de?ne sinuous passages therewith. A ther
tremity of the spring H8 is ?xed to the corner
mal medium such as hot water is circulated
standard bracket 5| (Figure 8) to effect registry
through the passages I28 to control the tem
between a notch I28 in the curved edge H6 of
perature of the plates I25-—I26. To this end,
the cross lever H4 and the trip 9|.
inlet and outlet ori?ces I29 and I3!) in the
It will be observed, therefore, that the actua
tion of the pedal 42 will ?rst cause the feed 4:0 plate cover I21 communicate with the extremi
ties of the passages I28.
member 36 to move over the platen 28 and, there
The upstanding conduits I3I and I32 extend
upon, the latter will be in vertical alignment with
from the inlet and outlet ori?ces I,29-—I30 (Fig
the frame. whereupon the trip I09 will engage
ures 6 and 7) to freely project through apertures
the offset extremity III of the lever H2 so that
I33 and I34 provided in the die and cutter holder
further depression of the pedal 42 will actuate
I235 The conduits I3I—-I32 are provided with
the cross lever M4 to move the trip 9| toward
tapered extremities I35—I36 for operative con
the right (viewed from Figure 9.) This will en
nection of couplers I3T»—I38 which, in turn,
able the lever pawl 88 to pivot in a counterclock
communicate with ?exible hoses I39—l4il at
wise direction (viewed from Figure 10) under the
or rotor shaft I35 of an electric motor N11. The
urge of the spring I88 to cause the rotation of the _
cam 82 which, in turn, elevates and then lowers
the connecting rod ‘I9 together with the platen
shaft 25 responsive to a full revolution.
It should be noted that the trip 9| immediately
returns to its initial position responsive to the ;
urge of the spring 94 so that when the offset pawl
arm 90 again reaches the path of the extremity
tached thereto (Figure 1).
In order to control the temperature of the
plate cover I21, the plates I25-—I2\6 the dies I10
and the cutter blades I12 in contact therewith
for thermal conduction thereto, hot and cold
water supply pipes I4I-I42 extend upwardly
from the frame apron I5 for interconnection by
a thermostat control mixing valve I43 of stand
ard construction. The mixing valve I43 com
93 of the trip 9i, it will be disengaged to preclude
municates with a common discharge pipe I44 that
more than a single complete reciprocation of the
platen shaft 25. This is true even though the 60 is reduced by an extension I45 to receive a tem
perature indicator I46 operatively connected
pedal :12 is maintained depressed by the attend
thereto for support thereon in full vision of the
ant, because the cross lever H4 has an eccentric
attendant.
projection 52E which cooperates in the manner
As shown, the common discharge pipe I44 has
of a cam with a lug I22 ?xed to the bracket 85
so as to raise the cross lever II4 as the lever 65 a nipple I41 connected thereto for threaded
engagement with the hand valve I48. The hand
moves the end III of the trip III to the right (as
valve I48 extends into a supply pipe I49 that
viewed in Figure 8) and thus to release the end
communicates with the flexible hose I49 suit
II? from the left side of the notch I20 and to
ably connected therewith to supply any suitable
permit the trip 9I to return to its normal position
under the tension of the spring 94. When the 70 thermal medium such as temperature controlled
water into the passages I28 of the plate cover
cross lever I I4 is in its intermediate position, the
IN. The outlet ?exible hose I39 communicates
trip 9I cannot engage the pawl offset arm 93
with a pipe I50 that is also ?xed to the frame
of the pawl 90 to effect its displacement from
apron I5 so that a suitable extension can be
engagement with the ratchet teeth 93.
Irrespective of whether or not the operator 75 connected thereto for discharge of the water to
"2,41 1,616
10
a sewer or reservoir for recirculation depending
‘upon the dictates of commercial practice.
designs in the face thereof to impart corre
sponding impressions to the slabs 52. The mold
It should ‘be appreciated that the water supply
pipes IeI—I4-2 can be suitably connected from
ing dies I'll? are detachably connected to the
plate I25 for support therefrom by means of
the frame apron I5 to a suitable source of supply.
In this manner, the plates I25—I26 are main
tained at proper temperature best suited for the ’
through to threadedly engage the molding dies
cutting and impressing of plastic substances
and spaced relation.
suitable fastener screws I15’ that extend there
I ‘Hi, thereby securing them in the desired aligned
,
from the slab or slabs 52. It should be noted
Any suitable configuration or design impres
that vthe flexible- conduits I39 and I40 are sul? 10 sion may be provided on the dies I'I? to impress
ciently long to permit the plates I25-—I 26-421 to
a corresponding surface design on individual dabs
move as a unit relative to the die and cutter
or segments of an edible plastic slab 52 such as
holder I23 within the limits of its chambered
butter. It is preferable though not essential
depth and to aiford this freedom of movement
that each of the impressions formed on the dies
their connecting pipes I3I—~I3Z project freely 15 I ‘It! should possess more depth and extend be
through the somewhat larger openings I33 and
I34 provided through the top ‘surface of the
yond the peripheral shoulder design ridge formed
shoulder I5i (Figure 6) provided in the depend
eventuated into Letters Patent No. 2,323,523 is
sued July 6, 1943.
on each of the impression dies I'lii in order to
downwardly ?anged holder I23’.
de?ne and impress a peripheral shoulder on the
As shown, the plate It?» with its superposed
resulting edible dab or segment as fully dis
elements I2E5-—I2l-I3I-I32 is limited in its 20 closed in copending application serially num
vertical movement upwardly by a peripheral
‘oered 264,412 and ?led March 22’, 1939, which
ing'sides of the holder I23’.
Its vertical move
ment downwardly is limited by the right-angled
This assists in forming an enclosure to collect
rectangular cutter frame 152 that telescopes over 25 and compress the air that is caught in between
the lower peripheral edge ‘of the dieand cutter
the plastic dale and its respective molding die
holder‘ I23’ for rigid attachment thereto ‘by
I'iil, thereby serving to subject such to pressure
threaded studs E53 and, I5£I projecting upwardly
which prevents an adhesive joinder between the
therefrom through apertures ‘IE-ii-liiti in the
molding dies are and the individual dabs. In
die supporting plate "I25 which has tolerance of 30 short, the compressed air that is trapped in each
vertical‘ movement relative thereto. The thread
substance dab during the molding thereof, assists
ed studs Wit-45s extend through apertures Iii'II
in the ejection and severance between the mold
provided in the top of the housing I 2% of the
ing die H9 and the substance dab that has sur
die and cutter holder !23’ for threaded attach
face impression therewith.
ment of wing nuts ted-I59 thereto, thereby 35 It is to be noted that the plurality of molding
enabling the secure attachement of the cutter
dies I'It are arrangedcn the plate I25 to present
frame thereto.
'
linear intersecting spaces I ‘II therebetween to
It is ‘to be noted that the die holder plate
permit and provide room for a plurality of in
I25 is ‘normally urged downwardlyto its lower
tersecting and transversely disposed cutting
limit so that it engages the frame I52, this 40 blades I72 rigidly fixed to the cutter frame I52.
being effected by compression coil springs I60
The intersecting cutting blades I'IZ are provided
and I?l which are interposed between depend
ing bosses I62—I63 in the top of the housing
I24 of the holder I 23’ and the corresponding
confronting wall of the thermal control plate
l26-i2l, the impressing dies we, and the cutter
blades I'IZ. So that the upward limit of dis
placement of the thermal control plate I2'l5-I2'I
within the holder I23’ may be adjusted to‘ meet
the requirements, threaded studs I64 and IE5
project through the correspondingly threaded
depending bosses tin-4E3 and externally up
standing aligned bosses wee-IE1 formed on the
upper wall of the housing lid of the holder 523’
to project therein for axial alignment with the
springs IIiil-ISI, respectively. To this end, the
threaded studs wile-235 have their lower'ex
' trernities projecting beyond the lower ends of
the bosses I?Z-I?t which bear against the
springs Hit-45!. The studs I?1i—-I6Ei project
through the upper ends of the springs ltd-l6!
for retaining them in proper alignment. The
studs Milt-I55 have knurled turning knobs I68
on their upper external extremities and knurled
with compiemental slits therebetween or are in
' terslitted to de?ne rectangular openings there
between to freely receive the molding dies ' I ‘It
therein without presenting any obstruction
thereto. The intersecting cutting blades ‘I12
bridge
?anged frame I52 for attachment
thereto hi order to constitute an integral and
unitary cutter for the plastic slabs '52 of a size
corresponding to the interior size of the cutter
‘ frame I52.
The cutter frame lei is ?xed to the housing
I25’ for retention thereon by the wing nuts
I56--I5=$ that threadedly engage the studs I53
55 ' !54.
Consequently, the wing nuts I58—I59 will
retain the cutter frame I52 in ?xed relation
with the housing £23’ to constitute the lower
end surface thereof. It will be apparent that
the molding die supporting plate I 25 is main
an, tained in assembled relation with the housing
I23’ against ‘accidental removal therefrom by
the cutter frame I52 that serves as a downward
limit therefor. This is possible without preclud;
ing or obstructing the inward movement of the
lock-nuts its to engage the bosses I$5—I6l to 65 plate
with its individual dies I ‘It during the
hold the studs Iiid—|65 in adjusted position to
impres ‘on and cutting operation that will be
serve as adjustable stops for the plates l25-—I26.
described more fully hereinafter.
The springs I til-lei v will, therefore, normally
Now, then. the dies ill! with their supporting
urge the die holder plate I25 in its extreme
plate ‘I25 reciprocate relative to the cutters I12
downward position.
,
,
and their frame i52. The downward displace
As shown, the lower ‘downward surface of the
plate I 25 has a plurality of individual molding
dies I'I? that are uniformly spaced over the
surface extent of the plate I25 to depend there
from. The dies I'm have suitable indicia or
ment cfthe pedal member 152 will displace the
feed member
over the platen 2255. Then the
platen ‘it will ascend with the feed member 38
having a slab
thereon. The cutter blades
I12 will project through the plastic slab v52 to ,
2,411,616
11
plurality of segments and simultaneously ele
vate the dies HE! relative thereto (Figure 6) in
that the springs i56—i6l will yield until they are
fully compressed. Thereupon, the further ele
vated upward displacement of the platen 26 will
12
Impression of surface designs such as mono
grams, names, insignia or other surface designs
can be accomplished without resort to any addi
tional steps in the operation of the device so
that there is no increase in cost beyond that
required to effect the severance of the plastic
slabs 52 into a plurality of segments of the de
sired size, con?guration and shape. Since com
effect the severance thereof into a multiple or
u
.
cause the individual dies l'lil to impress the in
dividual plastic segments to impart the desired
bined cutting, molding and ejecting instrumen
shoulder thereto and impress corresponding sur- ,
face designs constituting a complement of the 10 talities have been provided in the holder hous
ing I23’ that comes down upon the upper sur
mold design on each die I10.
face 3!, the attendant is not required to perform
Inasmuch as the central area of the slab 52
any operation other than positioning the initial
would ordinarily be under greater pressure than
plastic slab 52 on the feed surface 3! by resort
the surrounding edge region so that uniform im
pressions would not be possible throughout the 15 to the guide 53-“4 and thereupon depressing the
pedal member 152 to elevate the platen 26 in
slab 52, it has been found desirable to compen
engagement with the housing I23’ having its
lower end provided with the forming dies I'll]
and cutter frame I'll. Further elevation of the
upon the size of the slab 52 and the variations 20 platen 25 effects displacement between the slab
52 and forming dies me together with the cutter
caused therein by the flow of the substance dur
I'll until the springs l60——l6| are compressed to
ing the impression and cutting operations.
serve as ejecting instrumentalities as described
During the impression operation, the air that
herein.
was trapped between the molding dies lit and
the segments out from the slabs 52, will be sub 25 It will thus be apparent that very simple, in
expensive and highly efficient butter or other
jected to increased pressure tending to reduce
edible plastic cutting, molding, and ejecting in
the air volume. ‘The peripheral shoulder on the
strumentalities have been combined for operation
moulding dies ill} serves to trap the compressed
responsive to a single movement imparted by an
air in the centrally counter-impressed region or
area of each segment. This coupled with the 30 actuator such as the pedal 42. Then, too, the
molding-dies Ill] are detachable either individ
simultaneous compression of the springs ltd-lei
ually or through their plate I25 to render cleaning
imparts increased energy thereto, thereby serving
possible without entailing any appreciable time
as combined ejecting expedients for the seg
and to substitute dies for affording awide range of
ments as the pedal member 42 is actuated, the
surface impressions to be imparted to plastic slabs
impression has been effected, and the platen it
such as butter and the like. Cover plates I'M
assumes its initial position relative to the cutter
are ?tted vfor attachment to the corner standards
blade I12. The surface impressed and segmented
I! to conceal the operating instrumentalities.
butter dabs will then be retained upon a paper
Various changes may be made‘ in the embodi
liner with which the slab 52 is deposited on the
feed member as that recedes from under the 40 ment of the invention herein speci?cally described
without departing from the invention or sacri?c
dies no and cutter H2 at the end of each revolu
ing any of the advantages or features thereof and
tion of operation of the clutch mechanism 81.
nothing herein shall be construed as limitations
This relative displacement between the mold
upon the invention, its concept or structural em
ing dies no and cutter blades [72 provides auto
bodiment as to the whole or any part thereof ex
matic ejection and the air compressed between
cept as de?ned in the appended claims.
the dies H10 and the plastic slab 52, serves to pre
sate therefor by providing a depressed rectangu- '
lar central region H3 in the feed member 30.
The extent of the depressed region I13 depends
clude sticking or adhesion therebetween that
would be highly undesirable. It should be noted
that in the elevation of the platen 2t and the 4
feed member 3i] responsive to the actuation of
a
the pedal d2, the cooperative relation thereof
with the edges of the intersecting blades H2
can be such as to preclude direct contact there
between and cause their approach within a mi
nute separated distance of not more than 1/54 of
an inch. This precludes cutting entirely through
the paper liner with which the slab 52 is manipu
so
tirely through the plastic slabs 52 so that there '
is a minute body or connecting mass below the
intersecting cutting or stroke lines effected by
the cutter blades M2 to maintain the readily
separable continuity therebetween. This will
provide a plurality of adhering segments which
porting member, a plurality of uniformly spaced
dies detachably secured to said supporting plate,
cutting blades interposed between said spaced dies,
said cutting blades and die supporting plate means
being mounted for movement relative to each
other on said supporting member, a platen mov
lated so that it may serve as the handling me
dium for the segments out therefrom.
Then, too, the strike or reciprocation of the
platen 25 may be such to even avoid cutting en
We claim:
1. In a device of the character'desoribed, the
combination with a supporting member, of die
supporting plate means associated with said sup
ably mounted relative to said supporting mem
ber, means for displacing said platen relative to
said supporting member, a feeding plate mounted
for movement relative to said platen, said feeding
plate having a depressed area to compensate for
variations in the resulting thicknesses of the ma
terial segmented responsive to the operation of
said cutting blades and impressing dies thereon,
and means for displacing said feeding plate into
vertical alignment with said platen for reciproca
tion therewith.
2. In a device of the character described, the
can be successively separated by resort to a but
combination with a supporting member, of die
ter knife or other utensil commonly employed
in their serving. It will be apparent, therefore, 70 supporting plate means associated with said sup
porting member, a plurality of uniformly spaced
that the plastic slabs 52- may be converted into
dies detachably secured to said supporting plate,
a great variety of segments of varying shapes
cutting blades interposed between said spaced
and surface impressions depending upon the dic
dies, said cutting blades and die supporting plate
tates of commercial practice and the require
75 means being mounted for movement relative to
ments of any particular customer.
2,411,616 _
13
each other on said supporting member, a platen
movably mounted relative to said supporting
member, a feeding plate mounted for movement
relative to said platen, said feeding plate having
I
14
reciprocation therewith, and means for simul
taneously actuating said feed plate and platen so
that they are synchronously displaced to feed
plastic substances to said dies and cutting means.
a depressed area to compensate for variations in
the resulting thicknesses of the material seg
mented responsive to said cutting blades and im
pressing dies, means for displacing said feeding
plate into vertical alignment with said platen for
CHARLES DOERING.
HENRY H. DOERING.
BERT J. SKOGLUND.
ERIC W. ANDERSON.
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