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Патент USA US2411629

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Npv. 26,1946. -
TID. QLANEBOLT AND MOUNTING vTHEREFOR
Filed July 17, 1945
2,411,629
Patented Nov. 26,,‘ 1946 _
’
i-TI
‘
2,411,629
; UNITED. STATES PATENT orricr.
Thomas D. Lane,
vWinnetka, 1711.’, .assignor to
MacLean-Fogg Lock Nut Company, Chicago,
111., a corporation of Illinois 1
Application July 17, 1943, Serial No. 495,169
4 Claims.
(01.189-35) ,
1
Referring to Fig. 1, the bolt 10 of my inven
tion comprises a, shank ll inwardly threaded
from its end at H, an L shaped head; l3 present
ing a forwardly facing shoulder M at a normal
to the axis of the bolt, and a jaw 15 presentinga
invention relates to bolts and mountings
therefor, and more‘ especially to bolts to be ?rmly,
‘mounted in mounting slots in plate-like members
to’. maintain the bolts outstanding I therefrom,
even in the absence of other structure, ready to
receive whatever is to be mounted on or secured
by the bolts.‘
.
rearwardly facing shoulder 16 parallel with, and
opposing, shoulder 14. > The head l3 and jaw 15
are ?attened on their lateral sides to a thickness
'
One object of my invention is a bolt and mount
approximating-but preferably a little greater
ingtherefor which requires'but asmall and nar
than-—the diameter of the shank. These lateral
row hole in the mounting‘plate so that the bolt'
faces of the head and jaw are preferably co
.need not be substantially weakened by the hole
planar with the lateral surfaces of the interme
and so that the bolt may, where more convenient,
diate region, whereby to form a squared neck all
be placedcloser to the edge of the plate, and yet d between the jaw and head. The bolt may-op
where the bolt does not require rocking or rota
tionally carry, on its lateral sides, and, distant
‘1 tion for its installation, whereby the bolt maybe 1.5 from the jaw l5‘, stops l8 presenting rearwardly
mounted in closer proximity to a ceiling or floor, _ facing abutments 20 in the plane of the jaw
ledge,,or other overhanging structure than where
shoulder l6. , In, generalform the bolt is some
itis necessary to rock the bolt or rotate a T head
what wrench shaped.
v,
which requires greater clearance for the move
Referring to Fig. 2, the mounting plate 2| has'a
ment of the bolt itself or for the workman’shand .20 rectangular mounting slot 22 formed there
or a tool for effecting the movement.
through and, as shown, this may be rather close
Another object of my invention is a more con
to the edge of-the plate. The width of the mount
venient accurate register of the thickness of the
plate with opposed jaws of a bolt preliminary to
ing slot 22 is preferably just sufficient to pass the
head l3 and snugly receive the squared neck H.
1
driving the bolt into its seat upon a margin of the 25 In length the slot 22 may be only a trifle longer
than the transverse length of vthe head [3, al
though, as Will later be explained, the mounting
slot 22 may be even shorter than the length of the
head if the bolt is to be rocked into the slot.
simpler to form.
Another object of the invention is the pro 130 The manipulation for installing the bolt in the
vision of a-plurality of different modi?cations of
mounting slot is shown in progressive stagesv by
the bolts all of which are adapted to accomplish
Figs. 3, 4, and 5. The bolt is held with its axis
slot.
,
.
.,
-
.
.
Still another object of my invention is a bolt of
the type referred to, having a design which is
the same results and all of which are adapted to
at a normal to the plane ‘of the mounting plate
and with its head in registry with the slot 22 and
CThe foregoing, together with further objects, 3,5 then shifted inwardly to pass the head through
features, and advantages of my invention, are set
the slot. If the stops 18 are employed, they serve
forth in the following description of speci?c em
to limit the axial shifting of the bolt to stop it at
bodiments thereof, illustrated in the accompany
- a position where the shoulder l4 ofthe head .13
ing drawing, wherein:
v4.0 comes in the plane of the back side of the plate.
be manufactured at low cost. I
' Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the bolt;
Then the bolt is dropped down a fraction of an
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a fragment of
the mounting plate showing the mounting slot
therein;
_
'
Fig. ‘3 is a side elevation of the plate showing,
in‘ end elevation, the bolt as its head is being
passed through the mounting slot; 1
Fig. '4 is a side elevation of ‘a bolt and vertical
section of the mounting plate showing a slightly
subsequentstage of the installation of the bolt;
Fig.5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, but showing
the ?nal installation of the bolt upon the mount
ing plate; and -_ g
, ‘Fig. 6 is‘ a side elevation of a modi?ed bolt and
:45
inch to the positionof Fig. 4, where the terminal
of the head l3 slightly overlaps the lower mar
gin of the slot, but the terminal of the jaw l5 does
not, The installation thus far may be accom
plished entirely by the hand engaging the shank.
,An, upward rocking movement applied to the
shank will cause the terminal edge of the shoul
der [4 ‘to engage the back face of the plate and
the stops IE to engage the front face, bringing the
space between the opposed shoulders l4 and it
into more accurate registry with the thickness of
the plate with which it is adapted to make a tight
or driving fit.
,vertical, section of the , mounting plate showing 55 . ,_With the outstanding endlof the shank still
installation- of the bolt from the rear. 7 '
'
2,411,629
engaged in the hand and subject to an upward
rocking push, a hammer blow is administered to
the shank adjoining the plate to drive the bolt
downwardly untilthe bottom margin of the slot
is ?rmly seated in the gap between the head
shoulder is and jaw shoulder E6. The rocking
pressure described serves to keep the terminal
edge of the jaw F5 from engaging the bottom edge
face of the slot and deforming the jaw or slot or
4
shoulder “5 as a fulcrum, but the pair of lateral
stops I3 resist any such tendency.
Despite these advantageous functions of the
stops it’, they are not essential. When the stops
are omitted, as shown in Fig. 6 the bolt may be
inserted into the slot shank ?rst, if there be room
behind the plate and. convenient access for the
workman.
If the bolt is thus to be installed from
the back, the length or height of the slot 22 may
otherwise impeding the seating of the bolt.
10 be reduced, since it has to pass only the shank
If the stops l8 are not employed, the technique
and jaw l5 rather than the head IS.
of installation is varied slightly. The bolt is
The slot 22 may also be made somewhat shorter
held in the position of Fig. 4 at a normal to the
than shown in Figs. 3 and 4, even for installation
plate, but without the upward rocking thrust on
the shank, using only the shoulder M of the 15 of the bolt from the front, if, instead of inserting
the bolt by axially shifting it at a normal to the
head as a guide to cause the lower margin of the
plane of the plate, it be hooked into the slot by
slot to enter the gap between the head and jaw
holding the bolt at an angle of about 45 degrees
with
its outer end down while passing the head
Downward rocking of the bolt, when installed,
is resisted by the jaw l5 and by the tight 20 through the slot and then, when the jaw I5 en
gages the margin of the slot, rocking the bolt up
?t of the plate in the gap between the jaw and
to horizontal position and then driving it down
head. Upward rocking is resisted by the jaw
wardly to seat upon the thickness of the plate.
like extension of the head i3 and the stops i3,
It will thus be observed that I have invented
as well as by the tight ?t of the thickness of the
a number of forms of bolts which are adapted to
plate in the gap between the head and shoulder.
Lateral rocking is resisted in part by said men. 25 be ?rmly secured to a metal plate by merely
inserting the bolt in an aperture and driving
tioned tight ?t and in part by the contact of the
the jaws of the bolt over the adjacent parts of
lateral edges of the slot with the lateral faces
the plate. The present bolts are used in securing
of the squared edge H. Inward axial shifting of
furring strips to the wall of a refrigerator car.
the bolt is resisted by the stops l8 and the shoul
While I have illustrated and described a pre
der l5. Outward axial shifting is resisted by the 80
ferred embodiment of the invention my modi?ca
head. Thus the bolt is ?rmly mounted at. its
tions may be made without departing from the
head end in the plate with the threaded end out.
spirit of the invention, and I do not Wish to be
standing from the plate in ?xed position rela
limited t3 the precise details of construction set
tive thereto.
35 forth. but desire to avail myself of all changes
I have indicated in Fig. 5, as an exemplary use
within the scope of the appended claims.
of the bolt, a furring strip 25 to be clamped to
Having thus described my invention, what I
the plate 2i when the latter is the inward ?ange
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
of a vertical post 2 shaped in cross section fram
Patent of the United States, is:
ing a steel box car. The ?ange would carry a
l. A bolt to be mounted at its head end in a
plurality of vertically spaced slots 22 and the 40
rectangular slot in a. mounting plate or the like
furring strip 25 would carry correspondingly
?rmly to outstand therefrom even in the absence
spaced preformed holes 26 to receive the bolts
of other structure and comprising, in combina
simultaneously when the strip is moved against
the plate. A nut 2? is then turned onto the 45 tion, a shank inwardly threaded from its outer
end, a head at the other end of the shank consist
threads I2 at the end of each bolt to clamp the
ing of a jaw-like extension on only one side of
furring strips. Lining boards or a lining panel
the shank presenting a. forwardly facing shoulder
28 may then be nailed to the furring strips 25,
substantially perpendicular to the axis of the bolt,
and may contain holes 29 for access. Thereafter,
by removing the nut 2'! from each bolt, the lining 50 said head having a width substantially equal to
that of the shank, the end of said head being
planks or panels together with the furring strips
rounded at the corner opposite said jaw-like ex
may be removed as a unit without disturbing
tension so that the head may be passed through
their nailed-together relationship; and they can
as the bolt is seated by a hammer blow.
likewise be replaced as a unit upon the bolts.
The stops [8 may perform the ?ve-fold func
tions of: precluding the bolt passing wholly
through the slot 22 and falling down behind the
plate; stopping the bolt, when axially shifted into
the slot at a normal to the plate, so that the head
65
said slot from an angular position and then swung
to a position in which said shank is normal to the
plate and said shoulder embraces the rear sur
face of the plate, a jaw extending from the same
side of the shank as the head and presenting a
rearwardly facing shoulder opposed and parallel
to said forwardly facing shoulder, said shoulders
shoulder M is positioned in the plane of the back
being spaced apart to- receive and grip said plate,
side of the plate before the bolt is shifted down
wardly from the position of Fig. 3 to the ‘position
said jaw being su?iciently shorter than the head
of Fig. 4; limiting upward rocking movement of
that said forwardly facing shoulder engages the
the bolt when in the position of Fig. 4 to register
rear surface of the plate independently of the jaw
the gap between the shoulders l4 and 16 with 65 during placement to serve as a guide and that said
the thickness of the plate at the margin of the
jaw does not prevent said swinging of the bolt to
slot; resisting upward rocking of the bolt when
said position normal to the plate, and a neck of
in its installed position of Fig. 5; and withhold
rectangular section between the head and the jaw
ing the bolt from shifting rearwardly when the
adapted to ?t into said slot and prevent rotation
bolt is subjected to a rearward blow or pressure. 70 of the bolt relative to the plate.
This latter function is shared by the jaw shoulder
2. A bolt as de?ned in claim 1 and which addi
I6. But where there is only one jaw shoulder
l6, since it is radially beyond the bolt, an axial
thrust on the bolt is apt to be resolved into a
tionally includes laterally projecting stop lugs of
relatively small section on opposite sides of the
tendency ‘to an upward swing about the jaw 76 bolt and spaced from the projecting end of the
jaw, said stops presenting rearwardly facingabut
2,411,629
e
0
inents adapted to lie against the front of the plate
at the lateral margins of the slot.
3. The combination with a plate or the like have
ing a rectangular mounting slot therethrough, of
a bolt ?rmly mounted at its head end in the slot
.
11. The combination with a plate 01' the like
having a rectangular mounting slot therethrough,
of a bolt ?rmly mounted at its head end in the
slot to outstand from the plate even in the ab
sence of other structure, the bolt comprising apair
to outstand from the plate even in the absence of
of jaws extending outwardly from the bolt at the '
other structure, the bolt comprising a pair of jaws
same side thereof and presenting opposed shoul
. extending outwardly from the bolt at the same
ders spaced apart to make tight flatwise engage
side thereof and presenting opposed shoulders
ment with the front and back sides of the plate ad-_
spaced apart to make tight ?atwise engagement 10 joining an end margin of the slot, a neck between
with the front and back sides of the plate adjointhe jaws and laterally substantially coplanar
ing an end margin of the slot, a neck between the
therewith and lying in the slot with one side of
jaws and laterally substantially coplanar therethe neck engaging an edge of the slot to restrain
with and lying in the slot with one side of the
the bolt from rotation therein, the overhanging
neck engaging an edge of the slot to restrain the 15 of the head beyond the neck being con?ned to said
bolt from rotation therein, the overhanging of
jaw at one side of the bolt, and the forward jaw '
the head beyond the neck being con?ned to said
shoulder being considerably longer than the rear
jaw at one side of the bolt, and the slot being of
wardjaw shoulder.
a size to pass the shank and jaw therethrough
from the back side of the plate but not the head.
20
THOMAS D. LANE.
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