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Патент USA US2411692

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NOV. 2Q, 1946.
J. 5 MURANO
2,431,692
INS TRUMENT MOUTHPIECE
‘ Filed Nov. 27, 1943
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2,411,692
Patented Nov. 26, 1946
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,411,692
INSTRUMENT MOUTHPIECE
Joseph S. Murano, Youngstown, Ohio
Application November 27, 1943, Serial No. 512,014
3 Claims. (01. 84-383)
1
This invention relates to an instrument mouth
piece and more particularly to a mouthpiece for
2
The invention is illustrated in the accompany
ing drawing, wherein:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the mouthpiece,
several lines appearing in connection therewith
for the purpose of enabling the new design and
provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or
formation of the mouthpiece to be seen.
saxophone so designed as to permit the musician
Figure 2 is' a bottom elevation (with respect to
using the same to hold it in his mouth, between
Figure l) of a mouthpiece illustrating the lay
his teeth, while his mouth is in a normally open
portion thereof and the tone conveying channel
position.
A further object of the invention is the pro 10 therein.
Figure 3 is a top plan view (with respect to
vision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxophone
Figure l) of the mouthpiece illustrating the thin,
or other instrument, the actual mouth engaging
tapering formation of the mouth engaging por
portions of which are so designed as to enable
tions thereof.
the musician using the same to obtain a better
By referring to the drawing and Figure 1 in
tone due to lack of tension of the musician’s 15
particular, it will be seen that a mouthpiece for a
teeth and lips on the device.
reed instrument such as a clarinet or saxophone
A still further object of the invention is the
has been designed following a conventional pat
provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or
tern with the exception of the formation of the
saxophone or other instrument, the construction
of which permits the reed used in connection 20 mouth engaging portions thereof. As is well
known in the art, a conventional mouthpiece
therewith to vibrate freely resulting in a more
consists of the area known as the lay upon which
vibrant tone and the easier obtaining of higher
the reed is fastened and which lay area is indi
notes.
cated in Figure 1 by the numeral Ill. The body
A still further object of the invention is the
provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or 25 portion I l of the mouthpiece is round and ta
pering in shape and is provided with an exten
saxophone or other instrument, the lips and teeth
sion l2 of reduced diameter which enables the
engaging portions of which enable the reed to
mouthpiece to be telescopically af?xed to the par
be used freely without danger of choking the
ticular instrument with which it is employed. A
same.
'
bushing l3 of resilient material such as cork is
A still further object of the invention is the
positioned in an annular channel formed in the
provision of a mouthpiece for a clarinet or saxo
extension l2 of the mouthpiece in order that a
phone or other reed instrument, the interior
satisfactory joint between the mouthpiece and
channel of which is formed with a transversely
the instrument to which it is attached may be ob
?at shape to enable the passage of clearer tones
from the reed and lay area of the mouthpiece to 35 tained.
In Figure 1 a dotted line A indicates the plane
the instrument to which it is attached.
of the angular shape of a conventional mouth
The invention herein disclosed resides in the
piece and it will be observed that the mouthpiece
design of mouth engaging portions of a more or
of this invention has been altered considerably
less otherwise conventionally shaped mouthpiece
with respect thereto in that the angular forma
for a clarinet, saxophone or other reed instru
tion of this portion takes the shape of a concave
ment, the design differing from the mouthpiece
line indicated in Figure 1 by the numeral 14,
construction heretofore known in the art pri
which concave formation, as seen in the side ele
marily in the formation of the lips and teeth
vation of Figure 1, is also transversely convex in
engaging portions thereof on a smaller, thinner
scale than has heretofore been believed possible 45 cross section. This formation in conjunction
with a standard shaping of the lay surface in of
in connection with reed instrument mouthpieces.
the mouthpiece results in a relatively long, thin
With the foregoing and other objects in view
mouth engaging portion of the device which may
which will appear as the description proceeds,
be easily held between the musician’s teeth and
the invention resides in the combination and ar
rangement of parts and in the details of construc 50 lips without causing the unnatural, relatively
wider opening of the mouth necessary when using
tion hereinafter described and claimed, it being
understood that changes in the precise embodi
a conventional mouthpiece. The difference is il
lustrated in Figure 1 wherein a broken line B
ment of the invention herein disclosed can be
positioned vertically in connection therewith il
made within the scope of what is claimed with
55 lustrates the approximate bite position on a con
out departing from the spirit of the invention.
use on a clarinet or saxophone.
The principal object of the invention is the
2,411,692
3
.ventional and the improved mouthpiece, it being
observed that the distance between the dotted
line A (the conventional formation) as indicated
by the letter C and the bite distance with reé
spect to the improved formation of this mouth
piece as indicated by the letter D, is almost dou
ble. It will thus be seen that whereas the conven
4
A further improvement in the design of the
mouthpiece may be seen by referring to Figure 2
of the drawing, in which the mouthpiece body is
indicated by the numeral I l, the lay area by the
numeral I0 and the tone conveying channel
formed therein by the numeral I5. In the
mouthpiece of the invention the tone conveying
tional mouthpiece necessitates the opening of the
chanel is formed with a transversely flat lower
mouth to form the larger bite, indicated" by‘the'
surface ‘as seen inv Figure 2 rather than the con
letter C, the improved design shown in Figure 1 10 cave surface. heretofore common in the art. This
requires only the considerably smaller opening of
construction facilitates the thin, tapering forma
the mouth establishing the bite indicated by the. ‘
tion of the exterior surfaces of the device as in
dicated in Figure 3. In Figure 3 the normal teeth
engagingv line with respect to the upper surface
cates a minimum bite with respect to: a soft reed" 15 of the‘ mouthpiece is indicated by the letter F
positioned on the lay area in of the mouthpiece
and it will be observed that the transverse shape
and it will be observed that" the differencein the
of’ the mouthpieceis convex while the longitu
degree of bite necessary is equally pronounced.‘
dinalshape thereof is concave thus creating a
The center line indicated by the letters CL has
dished-out area generally indicated by the nu
been added to indicate the approximate center
meral l6 in Figure 3. The tone conveying chan
line of the mouthpiece with respect. to the. in
nel? is curved to conform somewhat‘ toith'e" curved
strument to which it is attac'hedand it‘willlbe ob
outer shape. The curveditone channel is‘sh‘o'wn‘
served thatin a conventional instrument the‘ bite
in dotted lines on Figure‘. 1; The‘ edges of‘ the
includes the entire area below the center. line
mouthpiece, indicated by the numeral‘ lljfa're
whereas in the present invention it is half or lessv 25 tapered to further facilitatethe use of the mouth;
letter D. Additional dotted lines, thearea. be
tween which is indicated by the lettenE, indi‘-‘
of. such area.
piece. It has been det'ermin‘ed‘th‘at the'lay'm'ay
‘
The formation of the mouthpiece with. the con
cave surface Iii, which surface is transversely
be of ' standard open- shape‘ or‘ that; it may: be
curved‘ smaller with respect thereto as the con‘
convex enables the musician to hold the mouth
siderably thinner mouthpiece engaging portions"
piece in a more natural manner between. the
of the‘ device enable‘ the minute, adjustmentv of
the‘ reed with either lay formation;
Having. thus described my invention‘; what I
teeth and thus avoid thefatigue otherwise inevi
tably occurring which results in the undue ten
sioning of the reed and its resultant shrill-harsh
claim is:
'
y
notes. The design, therefore, achieves the ob
1. A mouthpiece‘ consisting ,ofja round'tapering
ject of better tone, bigger‘ tone and highgnotesby 35.. portion, a hushed extension of smaller diameter
allowing the reed to vibratejfreely. at all times
on one end thereof, ‘a lay .ar‘eaform'edon one
with-the resultant easy blowing.
As the mouth engaging portions of the ime
proved device is-eXtremely thin-and-tapering with
respect to the conventional design, the musician:
side of the body and'the other or mouthengagingv
end formed‘with a dished-out surface concave in‘
side elevation and convex in transverse cross‘sec
tion terminating.‘ in a ?at‘ thin ?atly tapering
has the choice of. severalteeth positions on the
area upon which. the musician’s' teeth will normally be engaged”.
.
mouthpiece all of. which’ approximatea normal
closed positioned of the mouth to which the-jaw.
2. A mouthpiece consisting, of a round tapering
muscles are adapted, all‘ of which enables=the
portion, a bushed extension of smaller diameter
musician to hold the same positiononthe mouth-r 45 on one end thereof, a lay area formed. on one‘
piece over an inde?nite. period of’ time. without
sideioi" the body 'an‘d’the. other or mouth engaging
fatigue due-to an unusual position of the jaw‘
end'formed inan' axially 'extendingcon‘cave shape
muscles.
'
slightly convex‘ in transverse and terminatingin
A further advantage of the construction is seen
a thin, ?at, slightly tapered?relatively wideiarea
in the fact that’ the lips- are not required to seal
upon which the musici'an’s te'eth'will' normally
the area about a large mouthpiece, as thethin
be engaged
,
tapering mouthpiece‘ of’ the: invention‘ is easily
3. A mouthpiece consisting of a roundltapering,~
enclosed between the lips, al1¥of which result-sin
portion, a. b'ushed' extension- of smaller diameter‘
the bigger, more vibrant and clearer tone; and"~
on‘ one en'dthereo?. a lay areaformedon onev
at the same time avoids the possibility of. choking 55 side ofthe body‘andfthe' other or mouth engaging‘.
the reed which, with theimproved mouthpiece,
end formedlin' an axially extendingconcave shape
may be relatively soft as no undue ‘tensionwill be.
slightly convex in- transverseland. terminating. in
exerted thereon between-the teeth-even-after con
a thin, vflat, slightly ‘tapered, .relativelylarge area»
tinued use. This construction enables the-reed to
upon. which the 'musi'cian’s.'teethlwilLnormally be.
be kept in relaxed position‘ which facilitates‘ itsE 60 engaged, the sai‘d'thin, ?at,.sli'ghtly- tapered, rem.
delicate control by the musician, the: whole of“
tively wide area. being. of ' an. axiallength at least.
which results ‘in a substantial improved- per»
formanceof the instrument on which the mouth
piece. is used.v
.
equal to its width,‘
'
'
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JOSEPI-I'TSsMURANCiL ‘
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