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Патент USA US2411717

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‘ Nov-'26, 1946'.
2,411,717’
.1. w. FAY ETAL
EDUCATIONAL DEVICE
Filed Nov. 12, 1943
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2,411,717
Patented Nov. 26, ‘1,946
UNITED , STATES ,PATENT OFFICE
V
‘
Fay and Rudolph Fay, Villa Park, 111.;
said Rudolph Fay assignor to Joseph W. Fay
Application November 12, 1943, Serial No. 509,986
Joseph W.
I 4 Claims.
(Cl. ‘35-77)
2
This invention relates to an educational ‘device.
Primarily, the invention contemplates the pro
vision of an educational device of a character
that will not only serve to arouse the interest of
v
' number of rings may be increased to spell out
four, ?ve'and six letter words, etc.
Other features and advantages of the inven
tion will in part be obvious and in part herein-.
after pointed out, andthey consist generally in.
small childrembut will also serve to familiarize
such children with the names of various. animate
and inanimate objects, as well as to afford ele
mentary instructions in the spelling of the names
the feature of construction, combination of .ele
ments and arrangements of parts which will be
exempli?ed in the construction to be described,
and of which the scope of application will be
of such objects.v
indicated in the appended claims.
‘
In the drawing, in which is shown the preferred .
.
Brie?y, the invention comprises a cylinder or
drum upon which is mounted a plurality of cir
cumferentially rotatable rings disposed in side
by side relationship.
In the simplest form of
illustrative embodiment of the invention:
~ Figure l is an elevational viewlof a device em
bodying the principles of the present invention;
> the device there are four of such rings.
A plu
. Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view ‘of the de
rality of pictorial representations of variousani 15, viceof Figure 1, taken, substantially, along the
mate and inanimate objects, with the name of the
object printed adjacent thereto, is suitably dis
posed around the circumference of one of the
rings, while each of the other three rings ‘has
various letters of the alphabet spaced about its 20
circumference. The names of theobjects select
ed for this form of the device comprises four let
plane of the line 2-—2 thereof; '
-
Figure 3 is a verticalysectional view taken sub
stantially along the plane of the line 3—3 of
Figure'Z;
'
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of a
detail of the device of Figure 1.
. Referring now in detail to ‘the drawing, the
ter words, and the letters of thealphabet selected’
preferred form of the present invention com
for the alphabet rings is such that‘the names of
prises a cylinder ll of suitable length and diam
25
all the objects on the object ring may selectively
eter for the purpose hereinafter. described, and
be spelled by bringing the proper letters into reg
which may conveniently be cut from‘ tubular
ister through rotation of the alphabet rings. The
paper stock, or other suitable or preferred ma
, child can, therefore, select an object and by ro
terial, to the required dimensions. At'its opposite
tation of the alphabet rings bring‘ the proper
ends, cylinder II is embraced by the closely ?t
letters into register with the object to spell the
ting relatively narrow bands [2, l3, which bands
name thereof.
In learning to ‘spell, the child
' project beyond the ends of the cylinder for a (115..
may do this by following the letters comprising
the name of the object‘ which is printed adjacent
tance substantially equivalent to the thickness of
discs l4, .l5, hich discs form closure members
thereto. That is, the child may select an object,
for the opposite ends of the cylinder. The discs
and bands are also preferably formed from suit
able paper stock and, together with the cylinder,
note the ?rst letter of the name printed by the
object, ?nd the corresponding letter on the al
phabet ring adjacent the object ring, after which
suchletter is brought into register with the ob
are ?rmly united as by means of a suitable ad_
hesive Hi. It will be apparent that the discs .14;
ject by rotation of the alphabet ring. This same 40' l5-and bands I2, I3 may be madeintegral to form:
aicap closure’ for the ends of thecylinder.
procedure is followed with the other two ‘alphabet
Bands l2, 13, in addition to‘ aiding in securing
rings tospell out the namegof the _object. vCon- ‘
versely, afterthe child has learnedtto spell the
discs 14, IE to the cylinder, serve as retaining
membersfor an object band l6 and a plurality
names of various objects, he‘ or she can bring the
‘proper lettersintoregister to spell out the name 45 of alphabet bands ‘H. In the form of device se-.
lected for illustration there are four alphabet
of a certain object, after whichthe object bear
hands. They are disposed circumferentially of
ing such name may be found on the object ring
the
cylinder l l in side by side abutting relation
and rotated to register therewith. In either case,
ship and have a snug but not tight fit with the
it will be apparent that the child in playing with
rotated thereabout.
the device will unconsciously and withoute?ort 59 cylinder so that they may be
H are also cut from
Preferably,
the
bands
16,
become familiar with various objects, with'the
tubular paper stock, and in the assembly of the
names thereof, and the spelling of such names,
and all without the drudgery which usually ac
device are put in place on the cylinder before se
curing the ?nal retaining band 12 or l3 thereto.
companies the acquirement of such knowledge.
The thickness of each band on the cylinder is sub
It will be obvious from the above that the 55
_
,
2,411,717’
3
stantially equal so that the outer surfaces thereof
Will be ?ush with each other, In Width, bands I‘!
are substantially equal to bands l2, l3, but band
l6 has a width preferably three times that of the
bands H.
A strip of paper or other suitable material 20,
4
made therein within the spirit and scope of the
invention and, therefore, the invention is not to
be limited to the precise form herein described,
except in so far as it may be limited by the ap
pended claims.
We claim:
1. A device of the class described formed from
dissimilar objects it imprinted thereon is , se
tWo members of tubular cardboard stock com
cured circumferentially to band I6. These ob
prising a ?rst member providing a tubular sup
jects are separated by the division lines l9 and 10 port, a second member having an internal di
have their name printed immediately below the
ameter substantially equal to the external diam
object. The objects may be animate ones, such‘
eter of the ?rst member and adapted to be re
as a ?sh, pony, baby, etc., inanimate ones such
ceived by said ?rst member with a frictional ?t,
as a ?ag, boat, tree, etc., or a combination of
said second member being divided into a plural
both, or other signs or symbols. The bands I? 15 ity of bands,‘ discs closing the open ends of said
likewise each have a strip of paper secured there
?rst member, and abutting and secured to the
around, and upon which areimprinted various
two end bands thereon, said bands intermediate
letters 22 of the alphabet separated by the divi
the two end bands being rotatable about the ?rst
sion lines 23. The letters of the alphabet se
member, one of said intermediate bands carrying
lected will, of course, be those that will permit 20 a plurality of pictorial representations of dissim~
spelling of the names of each of the objects on
ilar objects, and the others of said intermediate
band it. In this connection, it will be noted that
bands carrying selected letters of the alphabet.
the letters of the alphabet are so distributed on
2. A device of the class described formed from
the bands that only a single WOl'd may be spelled
two tubular members comprising a ?rst member
thereby at one time, thus to require rotation of
providing a tubular support, a second member
the bands and the proper selection of the let
having an internal diameter substantially equal
ters of a Word to be spelled.
‘
to the external diameter of the ?rst member and
It will be apparent from the foregoing, that in
adapted to be received by the ?rst member with
use of each of the devices, an object, the name of
a frictional ?t, said second member being divid~
which is to be spelled, may be selected on the ob 30 ed into a plurality ofv bands disposed in side-by
ject band or disc. Next, the ?rst alphabet band
side relationship on said ?rst member, the two
adjacentthe object band can be rotated until di
end bands being secured to said ?rst member and
having a plurality of pictorial representations of
vision lines 23 above and-below the ?rst letter in
the name of the object are brought into register
con?ning the intermediate bands therebetween,
said'intermediate bands carrying pictorial rep
with the division ‘lines above and below the ob 35 resentations and letters on their peripheries and
ject on the‘ object band. Like procedure with
being rotatable about said ?rst member.
the other three bands will result in an object and
3. A device of the class described formed from
its name extending longitudinally across the sur
a pair of tubular members each having a, wall
face of the band or cylinder. Conversely, after
thickness that is of less radial extent than the in
a child has learned to spell certain words, the 4-0 ternal radiusof said members, comprising a ?rst
alphabet bands may be rotated to register the
member providing a support, a second member
letters of a selected vname of an object, after
having a su?iciently large internal diameter to
which the object maybe found by rotating the
receive said ?rst member and divided into a D111",
object band and registering the division lines
rality of bands disposed in side by side relation
above‘and below such object with the division 45 ship on- said ?rst member, and means secured to
lines above and below the letters comprising the
.said ?rst member and con?ning said bands
name thereof.
'
therebetween for individual rotation about said
While the illustrated device’ is shown as em
?rst member.
ploying four alphabet bands, it will readily be
4. An educational device formed from a pair
apparent that the number of bands may be varof tubular members each having a wall thickness
ied, the only requirement being_that there be a
that is of less radial extent than the internal
sufficient number of bands to spell out the names
of the objects shown on the object band, whether
such objects have names comprising three, four
or ?ve letters, or more.
Indeed, as a logical de
velopment of the present invention, entire Words
could be'substituted for the letters on the alpha
bet bands and, by rotation of the bands, proper
Words could be - brought ‘ into register to form
sentences. Such words and sentences could be
employed alone, or in conjunction with the object
band.
.
'
While a preferred embodiment of the invention
has been illustrated and described, by way of ex
ample, it will be obvious that changes may be
radius of said members, comprising a ?rst mem
ber providing a support, a second member having
a su?iciently large internal diameter to receive
said ?rst member and divided into a plurality of
bands disposed in side by side relationship on said
?rst member, and means secured to said ?rst
member and con?ning said bands therebetween
for individual rotation about said ?rst member,
the bands constituting said second member hav
ing ,indic'ia'adapted to be moved into and out of
correlation by relative rotation of said bands on
the, periphery of said ?rst tubular member.
‘
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'
'
JOSEPH W. FAY.
RUDOLPH-FAY.
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