Патент USA US2411717код для вставки
‘ Nov-'26, 1946'. 2,411,717’ .1. w. FAY ETAL EDUCATIONAL DEVICE Filed Nov. 12, 1943 w Q ., . O ,3 h ZglliglglfTORS. Rizal/0A2‘? , 2,411,717 Patented Nov. 26, ‘1,946 UNITED , STATES ,PATENT OFFICE V ‘ Fay and Rudolph Fay, Villa Park, 111.; said Rudolph Fay assignor to Joseph W. Fay Application November 12, 1943, Serial No. 509,986 Joseph W. I 4 Claims. (Cl. ‘35-77) 2 This invention relates to an educational ‘device. Primarily, the invention contemplates the pro vision of an educational device of a character that will not only serve to arouse the interest of v ' number of rings may be increased to spell out four, ?ve'and six letter words, etc. Other features and advantages of the inven tion will in part be obvious and in part herein-. after pointed out, andthey consist generally in. small childrembut will also serve to familiarize such children with the names of various. animate and inanimate objects, as well as to afford ele mentary instructions in the spelling of the names the feature of construction, combination of .ele ments and arrangements of parts which will be exempli?ed in the construction to be described, and of which the scope of application will be of such objects.v indicated in the appended claims. ‘ In the drawing, in which is shown the preferred . . Brie?y, the invention comprises a cylinder or drum upon which is mounted a plurality of cir cumferentially rotatable rings disposed in side by side relationship. In the simplest form of illustrative embodiment of the invention: ~ Figure l is an elevational viewlof a device em bodying the principles of the present invention; > the device there are four of such rings. A plu . Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view ‘of the de rality of pictorial representations of variousani 15, viceof Figure 1, taken, substantially, along the mate and inanimate objects, with the name of the object printed adjacent thereto, is suitably dis posed around the circumference of one of the rings, while each of the other three rings ‘has various letters of the alphabet spaced about its 20 circumference. The names of theobjects select ed for this form of the device comprises four let plane of the line 2-—2 thereof; ' - Figure 3 is a verticalysectional view taken sub stantially along the plane of the line 3—3 of Figure'Z; ' Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of a detail of the device of Figure 1. . Referring now in detail to ‘the drawing, the ter words, and the letters of thealphabet selected’ preferred form of the present invention com for the alphabet rings is such that‘the names of prises a cylinder ll of suitable length and diam 25 all the objects on the object ring may selectively eter for the purpose hereinafter. described, and be spelled by bringing the proper letters into reg which may conveniently be cut from‘ tubular ister through rotation of the alphabet rings. The paper stock, or other suitable or preferred ma , child can, therefore, select an object and by ro terial, to the required dimensions. At'its opposite tation of the alphabet rings bring‘ the proper ends, cylinder II is embraced by the closely ?t letters into register with the object to spell the ting relatively narrow bands [2, l3, which bands name thereof. In learning to ‘spell, the child ' project beyond the ends of the cylinder for a (115.. may do this by following the letters comprising the name of the object‘ which is printed adjacent tance substantially equivalent to the thickness of discs l4, .l5, hich discs form closure members thereto. That is, the child may select an object, for the opposite ends of the cylinder. The discs and bands are also preferably formed from suit able paper stock and, together with the cylinder, note the ?rst letter of the name printed by the object, ?nd the corresponding letter on the al phabet ring adjacent the object ring, after which suchletter is brought into register with the ob are ?rmly united as by means of a suitable ad_ hesive Hi. It will be apparent that the discs .14; ject by rotation of the alphabet ring. This same 40' l5-and bands I2, I3 may be madeintegral to form: aicap closure’ for the ends of thecylinder. procedure is followed with the other two ‘alphabet Bands l2, 13, in addition to‘ aiding in securing rings tospell out the namegof the _object. vCon- ‘ versely, afterthe child has learnedtto spell the discs 14, IE to the cylinder, serve as retaining membersfor an object band l6 and a plurality names of various objects, he‘ or she can bring the ‘proper lettersintoregister to spell out the name 45 of alphabet bands ‘H. In the form of device se-. lected for illustration there are four alphabet of a certain object, after whichthe object bear hands. They are disposed circumferentially of ing such name may be found on the object ring the cylinder l l in side by side abutting relation and rotated to register therewith. In either case, ship and have a snug but not tight fit with the it will be apparent that the child in playing with rotated thereabout. the device will unconsciously and withoute?ort 59 cylinder so that they may be H are also cut from Preferably, the bands 16, become familiar with various objects, with'the tubular paper stock, and in the assembly of the names thereof, and the spelling of such names, and all without the drudgery which usually ac device are put in place on the cylinder before se curing the ?nal retaining band 12 or l3 thereto. companies the acquirement of such knowledge. The thickness of each band on the cylinder is sub It will be obvious from the above that the 55 _ , 2,411,717’ 3 stantially equal so that the outer surfaces thereof Will be ?ush with each other, In Width, bands I‘! are substantially equal to bands l2, l3, but band l6 has a width preferably three times that of the bands H. A strip of paper or other suitable material 20, 4 made therein within the spirit and scope of the invention and, therefore, the invention is not to be limited to the precise form herein described, except in so far as it may be limited by the ap pended claims. We claim: 1. A device of the class described formed from dissimilar objects it imprinted thereon is , se tWo members of tubular cardboard stock com cured circumferentially to band I6. These ob prising a ?rst member providing a tubular sup jects are separated by the division lines l9 and 10 port, a second member having an internal di have their name printed immediately below the ameter substantially equal to the external diam object. The objects may be animate ones, such‘ eter of the ?rst member and adapted to be re as a ?sh, pony, baby, etc., inanimate ones such ceived by said ?rst member with a frictional ?t, as a ?ag, boat, tree, etc., or a combination of said second member being divided into a plural both, or other signs or symbols. The bands I? 15 ity of bands,‘ discs closing the open ends of said likewise each have a strip of paper secured there ?rst member, and abutting and secured to the around, and upon which areimprinted various two end bands thereon, said bands intermediate letters 22 of the alphabet separated by the divi the two end bands being rotatable about the ?rst sion lines 23. The letters of the alphabet se member, one of said intermediate bands carrying lected will, of course, be those that will permit 20 a plurality of pictorial representations of dissim~ spelling of the names of each of the objects on ilar objects, and the others of said intermediate band it. In this connection, it will be noted that bands carrying selected letters of the alphabet. the letters of the alphabet are so distributed on 2. A device of the class described formed from the bands that only a single WOl'd may be spelled two tubular members comprising a ?rst member thereby at one time, thus to require rotation of providing a tubular support, a second member the bands and the proper selection of the let having an internal diameter substantially equal ters of a Word to be spelled. ‘ to the external diameter of the ?rst member and It will be apparent from the foregoing, that in adapted to be received by the ?rst member with use of each of the devices, an object, the name of a frictional ?t, said second member being divid~ which is to be spelled, may be selected on the ob 30 ed into a plurality ofv bands disposed in side-by ject band or disc. Next, the ?rst alphabet band side relationship on said ?rst member, the two adjacentthe object band can be rotated until di end bands being secured to said ?rst member and having a plurality of pictorial representations of vision lines 23 above and-below the ?rst letter in the name of the object are brought into register con?ning the intermediate bands therebetween, said'intermediate bands carrying pictorial rep with the division ‘lines above and below the ob 35 resentations and letters on their peripheries and ject on the‘ object band. Like procedure with being rotatable about said ?rst member. the other three bands will result in an object and 3. A device of the class described formed from its name extending longitudinally across the sur a pair of tubular members each having a, wall face of the band or cylinder. Conversely, after thickness that is of less radial extent than the in a child has learned to spell certain words, the 4-0 ternal radiusof said members, comprising a ?rst alphabet bands may be rotated to register the member providing a support, a second member letters of a selected vname of an object, after having a su?iciently large internal diameter to which the object maybe found by rotating the receive said ?rst member and divided into a D111", object band and registering the division lines rality of bands disposed in side by side relation above‘and below such object with the division 45 ship on- said ?rst member, and means secured to lines above and below the letters comprising the .said ?rst member and con?ning said bands name thereof. ' therebetween for individual rotation about said While the illustrated device’ is shown as em ?rst member. ploying four alphabet bands, it will readily be 4. An educational device formed from a pair apparent that the number of bands may be varof tubular members each having a wall thickness ied, the only requirement being_that there be a that is of less radial extent than the internal sufficient number of bands to spell out the names of the objects shown on the object band, whether such objects have names comprising three, four or ?ve letters, or more. Indeed, as a logical de velopment of the present invention, entire Words could be'substituted for the letters on the alpha bet bands and, by rotation of the bands, proper Words could be - brought ‘ into register to form sentences. Such words and sentences could be employed alone, or in conjunction with the object band. . ' While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, by way of ex ample, it will be obvious that changes may be radius of said members, comprising a ?rst mem ber providing a support, a second member having a su?iciently large internal diameter to receive said ?rst member and divided into a plurality of bands disposed in side by side relationship on said ?rst member, and means secured to said ?rst member and con?ning said bands therebetween for individual rotation about said ?rst member, the bands constituting said second member hav ing ,indic'ia'adapted to be moved into and out of correlation by relative rotation of said bands on the, periphery of said ?rst tubular member. ‘ ' ' ' JOSEPH W. FAY. RUDOLPH-FAY.