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Патент USA US2411771

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Nov. 26, 1946.
M. R. B‘r-:AsLEY
Filed sept. 11, 1944
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Patented Nov.- 26, l1946
' 2,411,771
Milton R. Beasley, Norwood, Mass., asslgnor to '
Bird & Son, inc., East Walpole, Mass., a corpo
ration of Massachusetts
Application september 11, 1944, serial No. 553,520
2 claims.
'I’he present invention relates to improvements
in roofs, and more particularly to a prefabricated
panel roofing assembly.
(C1. 10s-s)
in abutting relation with the line of juncture
extending down the middle of the rafter, though
the units may be made sufilciently rigid so as to
dispense with supporting rafters.
novel and improved prefabricated roofing assem- 5
The insulated panels are built up from layers
It is the object of the invention to provide a
bly comprising a series of interchangeable roofing
of plywood and intervening insulating mate
« units vwhich are easily and quickly erected to
rial, preferably, or may be a single-sheet of ply
provide a roof which is of uniform appearance,
good quality, and of any desired size, and is so
wood with a surface layer of a conventional
overlapping roofing material such as wood
constructed and arranged as to avoid any pos- 10 shingles, clapboards.- asphalt or asbestos siding
sibility of leakage particularly along the line of , units. This material is applied in courses in
juncture of the several units or panels.
overlapping, relation on- the panel and with the
With this and other objects in view as may
ends of successive courses terminating .inwardly
hereinafter appear, the several features of the
from the edge> of the panel in staggered rela
invention consist in the devices, combinations 15 tion. >Filler units of the said roofing material
andarrangement of parts hereinafter described
of suitable dimensions and texture are provided
and claimed, which together with the advan
for ñlling in said courses to form an unbroken`l
tages to be obtained thereby will be readily un
continuation thereof.
derstood by one skilled in the art from the fol
In accordance with the invention the <surface
lowing description taken in connection with the 20 roofing material is carefully applied to the panel
accompanying drawings, in which:
_ and the filler members are constructed an'd ar
Fig. 1 is a somewhat fragmentary face view _
rangedto be inserted in relationvthereto so that
the joint is effectively concealedand the panels
on three adjacent rafters and with a number of
including the jointed or filled portions thereof
the inserts or flller shingles between the panels 25 are completely waterproofed and well adapted
in position;
to withstand continued exposure to the weather.
Fis. 2 is a detailed face view of one of the
Referring more specifically to the drawings,
panels with a portion of the roofing material
the invention comprises a roofing . panel ~|0
and the top board of the panel broken .away to
which is assumed for purposes of illustration to
illustrate more particularly the underlying ar- 30 be four feet wide and sixteen or more feet long'.
rangement of battens and ñller insulating mai
The insulated lpaneLas best shown in Figs/2, ‘3‘Í
4 and 6, comprises specifically a -bottom plywood
showing portions of two rooñng panels mounted
Fig. 3 is an enlarged detailed sectional -view
_ taken on the line 3-`-3 of Fig. 2;
board l2 and a top >plywood board Il which are
separated by battens including two longitudi
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detailed sectional view 35 nally extending edge battens I6, a central longi-a
taken on theline 4-4 of Fig. 2;
tudinally extending batten I8 and a series of
Fig. 5 is an enlarged detailed sectional view
laterally extending battens including- the top
taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is a face view of the panel with the fac- .
and bottom edge battens 20 and intervening
spacing battens 22. The battens may have a
ing material and a portion of the top board 40 thickness, for example. of one to two inches,
broken away to illustrate particularly the ar
depending on the rigidity desired. The interior
rangement of the battens and filler insulating
spaces of the panel provided by this construc
.tion are filled with a suitable insulating mate
Fig. 7 is an enlarged perspective View of anÍ
rial which may consist of rockwool, glasswool,
insert or filler shingle formed with laterally ex- 45 cork or the like, and is indicated at 24. In order
tending ñanges for flashing the joint; and
to provide protection for the exposed edges of the
panel and more particularly the plywood por
sectioned both lengthwise and widthwise of the
tions thereof, a strip of treated building paper
panel to illustrate the construction and arrange- '
28, such as asphalt paper, is folded over -the
ment of the panel.
50 edges of the panel and secured in place. The>
The prefabricated roofing assembly of the '
surface of the panel is covered with a convená
present invention comprises a prefabricated
tional overlapping roofing material. In the illus
siding or rooñng unit which may be constructed
trated form of the invention, asbestos siding
of any desired size, but is preferably made in
units or strips 30 are employed, marked and
four feet widths and in lengths varying from 55 grained to simulate wooden shingles, and fur
. Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a roofing panel
eight feet to sixteen feet, and preferably the full
ther formed with heavy butt portions and‘rela-‘
tively thin head portions to facilitate laying.`
supposed that units will be placed on heavy
The asbestos siding units are laid in the usual
rafters spaced two or four feet apart so that
manner starting at the lower edge of the panel,
adjacent panels :may be supported side-by-side m the head portions being secured by nailing or
length from eaves to ridge of a roof. It is pre
. 2,411,771
stapling to the board I2 of the panel, and the
exposed butt portions being preferably cemented
down. The siding units in successive courses
are placed in staggered relation and with the
ends terminating inwardly from the edge of the
panel in varying amounts so that the ends of
successive courses are also in staggered relation.
The spaces provided at the ends of successive
ployed which require only to be assembled with
applicant's ñller units of overlapping roo?ng
material to erect the iinished roof, approximately
seven-eighths of Athe-labor is in the nature of shop -
work, and the time required for actual assembly
is very substantially reduced. .
A» further advantage of the present construc
tion consists in the fact that the erection or as
courses of the asbestos siding units are care
sembly of the roof can be readily carried out by
ing units, and is further provided at each side
limited to the specific embodiment shown, and
fully determined so that when the panels are 10 unskilled labor. No particular skill is required to
ñt the panels into their position, to slide the in
erected in adjoining position, a space is left
serts „into place, and to nail and to cement these
which is of a known width and is adapted to be
exactly filled by means of filler shingle units pro-_~ l clown as above described. The construction and
arrangement of the rooñng assembly including
vided for the purpose.
particularly the overlapping roofing material is
In accordance with the present invention, a
such as to insure the> tightness of the 'roof once
filler shingle unit 34 is provided (see Fig. '7) which>
the inserts are in place. .
is formed with heavy butt and thin head portions
» It will be understood that the invention is not
to correspond with the shape of the asbestos sid
thereof with a laterally extending flange or flash 20 that various deviations may be made therefrom
without departing from the spirit >and scope of
ing element 36. The iiller units 34 are inserted
the appended claims.
into the spaces provided between the ends ofv the'
What is claimed is:
courses in the adjoining panels, as shown in Figs.
1. A prefabricated panel roofing assembly
l and 5, the ñanges 36 being thrust under theV
edges of the adjacent shingles or asbestos strips 25 which comprises a series of roofing panels in ~
edge-to-edge relation, each consisting of a base
36 in the course. The ñller shingle'34 is then
board of suitable dimensions and conventional
secured in place by nailing or stapling the head
overlapping roofing material of the general type
portion thereof to the board i4, and the exposed
including wood shingle, clapboard and asbestos
butt is preferably cemented down to provide alv
ñnished and completely leakproof assembly. 30 siding units laid in courses in overlapping rela
tion on the baseboard and with the ends of suc
Each successive course is completed in a similar
cessive courses terminating inwardly from the
manner .by the insertion of a iiller element which
edge of the baseboard in varying amounts in
is pushed upwardly into position and secured in
staggered relation and undercut to provide a
place by nailing the head portion and also pref
' erably by cementing down the exposed butt por 35 flange receiving space between said ends and the
baseboard, and ñller units of said roofing material
tion of the insert.
of- like texture and'weather exposure- with the
The roofing panels above described are of great
courses of secured rooñng units, `and of a width
strength, and have been found to be fully capable
when laid and secured in the spaces between ad
of carrying any snow load which may be imposed
`ends of said courses, to form continuous
thereon. The frame construction provided by
thctwo plywood layers and theintervening bat- .
tens has a bending strength which is substanä
tially in excess of the sum of the bending
courses across said series of roofing panels, said
filler units having on both sides thereof later
ally extending flange portions arranged to ex
tend beneath adjoining units of the course for
thus permits of the use of the relatively wide four 45 flashing said filler units with relation to the ad
joining units of said courses.
foot span between supporting rafters.
2. A prefabricated panel roofing assembly
A further advantage of applicant’s panel con
comprises a series of roofing panels inv
_ struction consists in its remarkably great eflì
edge-to-edge relation, each consisting of a base-_
ciency from the standpoint of insulation. The
insulating medium employed is tightly encased in 50 board of suitable dimensionsl and conventional
strengths of the individual plywood boards, and
'substantialy air-tight chambers provided between
the plywood layers and battens. -The insulating
overlapping roofing material of the general type
including wood shingle, clapboard and asbestos
siding units laid in courses in overlapping rela
tion on the baseboard, having the head portion
of each unit secured to the baseboard and the
ency usually encountered for such materials to l,
exposed butt portion thereof cemented down, and
settle and to pack down in the lower end of the
with the ends of successive courses terminating
chamber in which it is placed.
inwardly from the edge of the baseboard in vary
Applicant’s panel assembly is so constructed~
amounts and in staggered relation and under»
and arranged as t0 insure the most efiicient em
ployment of a conventional overlapping roofing 60 cut to provide a iiange receiving space between
saidy ends and the baseboard, and filler units of
material to provide a roof which is of the desired
said rooiing material of like texture and weather
size, which is completely tight, and of uniform _
exposure with the courses of secured roofing units,
A very Ísubstantial saving is effected in the ' >of a width when laid and secured in the spaces
time required for erecting the roof of a dwelling. 65 between adjacent ends of said courses, to form
continuous courses across said series of roofing
It has been found, for example, that in the man
panels, said filler units having on both sides
ufacture of prefabricated houses, an ordinary
medium contained in this manner is well pro- y
tected against powdering and against the tend
'crew of men can erect and close in a house in
three or four hours, whereas thirteen hours or
-thereof laterally extending flange portions ar
ranged to extend beneath adjoining units of the
more would normally be required to apply a 70 course for flashing said filler units with relation
to the adjoining units of said courses.
roof. Where'in accordance with the present in
vention, prefabricated roofing panels are em
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