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Патент USA US2411789

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No“ 25, 1946-
2,411,789
c. w. HARTWIG
BOWLING ALLEY
Filed Aug. 5, 1943
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Nov. 26, 1946.
c. w. HARTWIG
2,411,789
‘. BOWLING ALLEY
Filed Aug. 5, 1943
‘ '7 Sheets-Sheet 2
Nov. 26, 1946.. ,
C.‘ W. HARTWIG
v 2,411,789,
BOWLING ALLEY
Filed Aug. 5, 1943
I '7 Sheets-Sheet s
'_ Nov. 26, 1946.
c. w. HARTWIG
2,411,789
BOWLING ALLEY
Filed‘ Aug. s, 1943 -
3% d2»
7 sheets-sneak 4
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'
Nov._ 26, 1946.
c,_w, HARTW|G '
'
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2,411,789
BOWLING ALLEY
Filed Aug. 5, '1943
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.
"7 Sheets-Sheet 6
Nov. 26, ‘1946.
vc. WQHA'RTWIG
' 2,411,789
' BOWLING ALLEY
Filed Aug. 5,_ 1943
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Patented Nov. 26, Km
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@harles W. ?artwig, New York, N. Y.
Application August 5, 19%, Serial No. @7393
‘2% W. (GE. 27%!»
a?
My invention relates to a mechanical ball game
apparatus and more particularly to a miniature
bowling alley game apparatus as is shown and
.described in my copending application Serial
Number 255,506, ?led February 9, 1939, of which
this application is a continuation-in-part.’
It is important in the playingv of any bowling ’
,
ing balls along the alley toward the pins, actuat
ing means associated with both of said means for
automatically operating the pin setting means
on alternate actuations thereof and including ball
delivery means operable on each actuation there
of to deliver or withhold a ball, depending upon
a previous actuation of the ball propelling means,
so that in the event of a strike, where only a
alley game that the pins be precisely set up in
single actuation of the ball propelling means is _
accordance with the accepted or standard geo
required for a frame, the pins may be reset by a
metrical arrangement, if the game is to be fair to 10 successive,
operations of the actuating means
all of the players involved and the score is to be
without delivering more than one ball to the ball
‘commensurate with the skill of the player. It will
be understood, therefore, that it is‘ desirable to
A still further object of my. invention is to pro
eliminate the human element in the setting up
vide a bowling alley game apparatus which is fully
and arranging of the pins as well as to all other 15 automatic, simple and foolproof in construction
mechanical operations of the game in order to
and which includes a mechanical pin setting de
insure the same setting of the pins and opera
in conjunction with a mechanical-‘bail pro
tions of the parts to all players. It is therefore . _ vice
pelling, returning and delivering apparatus all g
an object of this invention to faithfully accom
20 under the control of a single actuating, means.
propelling - means.
plish these results.
‘
A further objectof'my invention isto provide
‘
-
'
,
Other objects and-advantages of the instant
invention will be apparent from the following de
a bowling alley game apparatus having a ball
scription:
propelling means mounted for transverse slidable
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of my miniature
adjustment relative to one end of the alley with
bowling alley game apparatus, with the outer
means to deliver a ball to operative position by 25 supporting casing removed and with certain por
the propelling means in vall transverse adjusted
tions of the operating mechanism shown in dotted
positions thereof.‘
lines while other portions are shown in sections
Another object of my invention is to provide
to illustrate generally the relationship of the
a ball propelling means for a bowling alley game
apparatus having a pivotal mounting at one end 30 Fig. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, top plan
adapted for transverse sliding movement relative
view of the game apparatus taken adjacent to
to the alley and means operative to deliver a ball
the forward or operating end thereof to illus
to the pivotal mounting of the propelling means
trate the transverse slidable relation of the inner
parts.
_
'
v
'
at all transverse slidable positions thereof.
‘
ball propelling‘ mechanism with respect
Another object of my invention'is to provide 35 pivoted
to the ball delivery mechanism, at the forward
ball return and mechanically operated ball de
end of the alley.
. v
' livery means associated therewith in a bowling
Fig. 3 is aside elevational view of the forward
alley game apparatus having‘ means under the’
portion of the game apparatus shown in Fig. '2,
joint control of the delivery means and the ball
propelling means for selectively releasing re
turned balls for transfer to said delivery means
. upon each actuation of the apparatus.
Still another object of my invention is to pro
vide, amechanically operated ‘bowling alley game
with certain of the ‘supporting frame members
broken away and with portions of the ball elevat-.
ing and delivery mechanism shown in dotted
lines.
_
'
-,
>
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken ap
apparatus having means to automatically deliver 45 proximately on the lines 4-4 of Fig. 1 andlook
‘ing in the direction of the arrows to show the]
balls to a propelling means adjacent one end of
the alley, with means operable on the delivery of ' common drivingmechanism for the ball elevate '
ing and delivery mechanism and the pin setting;
a predetermined number of balls for rendering
“the delivery means inoperable no matter how - up mechanism with the manual and automatic
50 controls for these cooperating mechanisms. 1
many times the propelling means is operated.
Fig.5 is a'further enlarged fragmentary view ,
A further object of my invention‘ is to provide
of the manually operable ball propelling means
a mechanical bowling alley apparatus having a
with portions thereof shown in elevation and,v
mechanical pin setting means at one end of- the
alley floor, .a mechanical ball propelling means “ others in section to illustrate the relation of the
at the opposite end of the alley floor for project
55. pivotal mounting of the propelling-means to
2,411,789
3
< slidable support and the ball‘ delivery means for
all slidable positions thereof.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the operating
mechanism shown in Figs. 1 and 4 and the elec
trical control circuits therefor.
I
.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the
ball return, elevating and delivering mechanism
with certain portions thereof shown in full and
dotted lines, to illustrate by full lines the posi
'
4
tending shaft 2i, which is rotatably mounted at
its ends in a pair of the uprights l3 on opposite
sides of the frame so as to extend there beyond.
A single lobe cam 22 and a double lobe cam 23
are mounted on the opposite extending ends of
this shaft 2| with which bell crank levers 24 and
25 respectively, cooperate to drive the pin setting
means B and ball return and control means C,
I in de?nite timed relationship.
tion of the parts when the mechanism is in locked 10
In order to provide independent control of the
out or in inoperative position and in dotted lines
‘motor M and the driven ?exible shaft IE to in
to show the position of the parts when ready for
sure properly timed starting and stopping of the
play.
associated mechanisms for automatic control of
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7, showing the
thepin operating means at one end of the alley
position of the parts when the mechanism has 15' floor and the ball returmng means at the oppo
been rendered operative, and the manual con
site end of the alley, the end of the ?exible shaft
trol switch has been operated to elevate a ball to
> I8 which carries the friction wheel 20 is mounted
deliver the same to the propelling means, not
in a rocking bracket 26 so that it may be moved
shown.
to and from the driving pulley II. The pivotal '
Fig. 9 is another view of the mechanism shown 20' mounting 21 of the bracket 26, and the base of
in Fig. '7 with the parts in the position that they
the motor M are both mounted on one of the
will assume when the‘ ball elevating means has
cross members [2 of the frame as is also a ?xed
returned to normal operating position from the
friction brake member 28 against which the fric
position shown in Fig. 8.
’
tion wheel 20' is normallyheld. Thus in the nor
Fig. 10 is a still further view of the mechanism
mal inoperative position of these parts the fric
illustrated in Fig. 7 showing the positions of parts
tion wheel 26 is held stationary and out of en
when the plunger of the ball propelling means,
gagement with the pulley II, oy the weight biased
shown in detail in Fig. 5 and in combination in
armature‘ 29 of an electric relay 30, to one end
Fig. 3, is pressed inwardly to propel the ball de
of which armature the upper end of the rocking
livered by movement of the parts as illustrated so bracket is operatively connected by means of a
in Fig. 8 and
-
.
'
resilient connecting lever 3|. 1 When the relay is
Fig. 11 is a front elevational view of the ball
dispensing means illustrated in Figs. '7 to 10 in
energized to retract its armature, a weighted arm I‘
32, extending obliquely from the upper end of
clusive.
the rocking bracket 26 will urge the friction wheel I
.
Referring now to the drawings in detail and 35 20 imo driving relationship with the motor pul
particularly to Fig. 1, I have shown a supporting
ley H, as shown in Fig. 4. Automatic switches
base or chassis for the mechanism which is com
33 and 34, which are alternately operated by the
posed mainly of vertically spaced longitudinally
cams 35 and 36, respectively mounted on the
extending channel irons l0 and H to which a
transverse shaft 2l-, serve to synchronize the op
plurality of similar cross members l2. upright 40 erations of the motor M and relay 36 with the
members l3 and front plate H are rigidly secured
manual controlling or actuating switch 31 on the
to form an open sided box-like frame, that is
forward or front panel [4, having a pair of con
generally rectangular in shape.’ In practice this
tacts 38 as will be more fully described herein
supporting frame would be housed within an
after.
ornamental and protecting enclosure or casing 45
Now with reference to the pin elevating and
of a desired shape such as that suggested in Fig.
setting up means, which is under the control of
1, of my copending application Serial No. 255,506,
this automatic operating mechanism just de
filed Feb. 9, 1939, of which this application is a
scribed, it will be noted that the pins l6 are posi
continuation-‘impart.
(
tively elevated and guided by combined means
Extending‘ horizontally between and secured to 50 which engage them ‘at their top and bottom ends
the upper longitudinal chassis members i I, is the
to insure prompt removal of felled pins from the
game board or alley floor I 5, of the bowling game
alley during play as well as to guide and uni
apparatus forming the subject matter of this ap
formiy return all of the pins to a predetermined
plication.
~
arangement upon the alley ?oor at the termina
As is shown in dotted lines in Fig; 1, the play 55 tion of each game or frame, or after'a strike has
ing‘pins l6 occupy predetermined positions on the
been made.
alley ?oor adjacent the rear or inner end there
This combined means, designated generally by
of, whereas the ball propelling means I‘! with t the reference B, includes a plurality of pins i6,
its associated mechanism ,occupies a position'ad
each of which is loosely supported at its upper
jacent the front or forward end of the alley ?oor. 60 end by a length of ?exible strand or chain 39
Beneath the alley floor and within the box-like
from one end of an intermediately pivoted lever
supporting frame is mounted the interconnect
40. These levers 46 are each weighted at their
ing andautomaticoperating mechanism A for the
opposite ends so as to quickly rock on their pivots
pin elevating and setting up means B and the
and raise the attached pins from the alley, when
associated ball delivering and control means C. 65 automatic latching means 4| and 42, associated
As is clearly disclosed in my former applica
- with each lever, is released by the felling of the
tion, above identi?ed, the power operating mech- '
pins when struck by balls propelled from the
anism A includes an electric motor M, on the ro
opposite end of the alley. After the projection
tary shaft of which is mounted a driving pulley
of a predetermined number of balls, or after
l1, having a peripheral friction face adapted to 70 a strike has been made, the sockets in the bottom
drive a ?exible shaft l8, having worm gearing l9,
faces of the pins are entered by a group of rods
by'frictional engagement of the pulley l'l withv
43, which upstand from a slidably. mounted ele
the periphery of a friction wheel 26', mounted on
vator frame 44, as all of the rods are automati
one end of the ?exible shaft. This power oper
> cally moved up through apertures arranged in
ating mechanism also includes a transversely ex 75 predetermined geometrical pattern in the alley
. aromas ;
door, to their uppermost position'as indicated in
Fig. 1. by the power mechanism A. The eleva-.
tor frame 44 is thereafter slowly lowered under 7
the control of a dashpot 4i and with-it the pins
it which are allowed to follow the rods 48, with
which they are aligned, as the weighted ends of
the pivoted levels 40 areslmultaneousl'y‘ raised
to again bring the cooperating latching means
if and 42 into locking relationship. The pins are
thus guided as they are lowered each to its pre- v
determined position on the alley ?oor.
At the end of the alley remote from the end
where the pins 86 are arranged, as Just described,
the ball propelling means II with the ball con
troi means‘ C are located, which means includes
a bail return means, a ball releasingmeans, a
ball elevating means, and a ball transfer and po
sitioning means all working together and with
the pin elevating and positioning means B, from
the power mechanism A, under the automatic
control effected by the sequence operations of the
switch bl and the ball propelling means I‘! by
- an operator. adjacent the panel It.
The ball propelling means comprises primarily
a pivotally mounted, manually shiftable and ion
gitudinally reciprocable gun-like member desig
nated generally at l'l. By reference. to Fig. 5
it will be seen that the propelling means includes
a carriage portion 48 having a longitudinal chan
nel ‘41 in its inner face v48 which is slidably
mounted upon a ?at strip or rail 49 that extends
transversely of the alleyiadjacent the forward
end thereof and is attached to the frame at its
longitudinally of the barrel t
the thickened
end wall to a point td'deteed by'the extent
of inward sll
movement of the loci which ‘
is necessary in order to produce the dmired com
pression of- the spring for propelling a ball along
the alley it. v
A trlggermech
>1“ compris
a bell=crank~
shaped-latching element at is intermediately piv- I
oted within the vertical slot to in the body mem—
her 58 and springpressed at one side so that its
lower end will be yieldably‘entended through the
slot es in the barrei Wand releasably engage and
normally hold the
or upper end portion of the
piston head 52 of the plunger be against the ac
tion of the spring 63 while the opposite trigger
acting end portion ofthe latch extends upwardly
- beyond the slotted body. The upper trigger act
log end mrtion of the latch member ti thus pro
jects into the path of a horirontally‘ extending.
tripping rod to which is threaded into the upper
inner face of an abutment plate as ?ned to the
gun barrel so as to
ove therewith whenever ‘ .
pressure is exerted on the spherical outer end
thereof.
,
'
While shifting.
g and discharging of the
ball propelling gun member ll as described, may
be accomplished with one hand by the spherical
handle end portion 58 of. the barrel 61, more ac
curate training of the gun- may be effected by
concurrently shifting and holding the carriage
with theother hand by manual rotation of a
knurled knob 10 on the outer end of the shaft 1 I.
In order to transmit the desired transverse ‘slid
ends. As is particularly shown in Fig. 4 the car- .
ing movement to the carriage from the shaft 1|
riage 46 is held in slida le relation uponthe 35 an arm 12 is rotatable with the shaft and has a
' rail 49 by a face or bear
g plate 60 attached 1
by machine screws or the like to the inner face
of the carriage above and below the channel.
pivoted‘link connection ‘I3 with‘ one end of the
carriage.
I
>
After a ball is propelled down the alley l5 by
The carriage member 48 is transversely re
the mechanism just described it will be returned
cessed below its upper surface and _vertically 40 by gravity to the forward end portion of the ap
bored at its center to, receive and rigidly support‘ a
paratus by an inclined chute or runway 14, at one
stub shaft ‘I so as to depend into the recess.
.sidev of the alley, in which the returned balls re
‘The inner bored end 52 of the upturned gun
main stored until dispensed for use.
'
oupporting bracket- 53 is swivelly mounted on the
As shown particularly in Figs. 7, 8, 9 and 10, the
stub shaft 5| within the recess for horizontal
forward end portion of the inclined chute 14 com
?inging movement thereon relative to the car- . municates with a specially constructed ball hold
riage. A locking collar 54 is secured on the lower
ing and dispensing means 15 the body of which
end of thestub shaft 5| by a set screw 55 to re
includes an enclosed chute l6 extending‘as a
tain the bracket against longitudinal movement
continuation of the runway. 14. The forward
upon the shaft. Upon the upper face of the . lower end of the chute ‘I6 is open and the forward
bracket '53 adjacent to and aligned with, its swiv
end ‘surface portion of the body of the dispensing
elled mounting in the recess of the carriage is
means adjoining the open-ended chute is up
formed the upstanding base or body portion 56
wardly and rearwardly curved to provide a ball
of the ball propelling sun which body is trans
elevating trackway Tl, the upper end of which
versely bored through its upper ‘portion to slid
adjoins the upper end-of a transversely inclined
ably receive and support the tubular gun barrel
ball
transfer chute ‘I8, which overlies and dis
51 having a spherical operating handle I8 closing , charges
into the upper elongated grooved surface
.its outer or forward end and‘ a thickened wall
portion 19. of the gun carriage 48. portion 59 closing its inner end. A relatively
By particular reference to Fig. 2, it will be
small bore 80 is formed in the thickened wall 59 60 noted that irrespective of the extent to which the’
in alignment with the axis of the gun barrel to
carriage 46 is‘ laterally shifted or adJusted by
'~ slidably receive the ball propelling pin or plunger
the gun handle 58, or theknurled knob ‘III, in
8i. An enlarged piston-like head 82 formed on
the normal operation of the game, as indicated.
the forward end of the plunger 6| is ‘slidably
by the laterally spaced dot and dash lines 58',
mounted within the tubular gun barrel 5‘! be 65 the extended upper grooved~ surface
portion or tween which and the operating handle 58 a coiled
. track 19 of the carriage
will always underlie the
M
compression spring 83 is confined. Above the
discharge end .of the transfer chute 18, to receive ‘
thickened end wall 59 and its plunger 8| theup
per body portion 58 is vertically slotted with the ' - balls therefrom. Hence as balls are successively
elevated by the cupped end 80, of the ball elevat
extending into and communicating with 70 _ ing
arm of the bell-crank lever 25, they will al
ways
be delivered to the center of the carriage
ward end of the thickened wall portion of the gun‘
46 and against the stop 8| in alignment with the
barrel. Aligned with the slot 64 in the body 58
* slot 64
the interior of the body bore adjacent the for
is a similar slot 65 formed in the upper wall of
axis of the gun barrel I1, and its propelling
plunger 61 , no matter to what angular extent the
the tubular barrel]! which latter slot extends 75
gun barrel may be swung at the time. upon its
2,411,789
dashpot 9| and connecting arm 92 until stop
'
pivotal support 5|. A ball delivered to the car
riage and ready for play is thus supported by
46 immediately above the axis of
the carriage
the depending gun swivelllng stub shaft GI and
adjacent the forward edge of the alley floor It‘,
where it is held against accidental displacement
during the adjustment of the gun and the gun
carriage by‘ an upwardly swinging bell crank
shaped holding ?nger
99 is encountered.
_. ,
.
While the game apparatus with the mechanism
and means generally described may be played
more or less continuously it is desirable to incor
porate therewith automatic means which will be
operative upon theprojection of each ball and
and also after the projection of a predetermined
number of balls, by the propelling means I1, to
lock the mechanism until reset for further play.
bracket upstanding from the carriage 4B. The
depending armportion 82' of the ball holding fin-v
For this latter purpose the mechanism may be
ger 82 extends along the forward upper edge to
ward one end portion of the carriage 48, as is
shown in Fig. 4, so that it may be engaged by a
known coin operated game mechanisms, wherein
controlled in a manner similar to other well
a coin must ?rst be inserted into a customary
slide device, which when then operated, will un
reciprocatable bar 82" many adjusted position 15 lock the mechanism and set the same for another
period of play, at the termination of which
of the carriage to swing the ball holding finger
period, the mechanism is again locked until an
82 about its pivot in the bracket, when the ball
other coin is inserted and the coin slide again
propelling means I1 is operated to project the
operated. The mechanism which is under the
ball.
‘
As the forward end of the chute 10 is only 20 control of the coin receiving and actuating means
control the delivery of balls for play will there
closed by the ball elevating cup 80, when the . to
fore be described in detail in connection with the
elevator arm 25 is in its lowermost position, as
ball ‘delivery and propelling means A.
shown ‘in Figs. ‘1 to 10 inclusive, ball dispensing
By reference to Figs. 2 and 3, the coin slide
stop means is provided to ensure the timed de
plate 94 projects forwardly .from the front panel
livery of but one ball at a time to the cup 804
I4, and is adapted to receive a coin within the
and at all other times to stop and retain the .
cutout portion 95 thereof. With a coin held in
remaining balls storedvin line within the chutes
the cutout portion, the plate 94 may be pushed
14 and 16. The ball stop means shown also in
into the casing through the panel I4. so as to
Fig. 11 comprises a pair of similar arms 83 and
engage an upstanding pin 96 of the slidable oper
84 which are independently pivotally mounted
at
extending
ating member 91, sliding .the member 91 on the
;;‘heir inner ends upon a shaft1685adjacent its.
?xed support 98 into engagement with a horizon
transversely beneath‘ the chute
tally extending pin 99 on a swingable substantial
juncture with the runway 14. Independent coil
springs 06 and 91 depending from opposite sides 35 1y T-shaped cam member I00 which is plvotally
supported at its lower end on a stub shaft IOI,
of the body of the dispensing means 15 are oper
of the ?xed support 98.
atively connected respectively to the stop arms ' to a depending portion
This operation of the slide plate 94 with a coin
03 and 84 so as to normally retain the forward
causes the swingable cam member I00 to move in
upturned free end portions thereof within a pair
of parallel slots in the lower wall of the chute 40 a counter-clockwise direction about its pivot IOI
effecting engagement of the cam with a follower
16, at its'open end, and with the upturned free
roller I02 on the arm I03, which in turn trans
ends projecting ‘up into the path of the balls in
mits a generally clockwise motion through the
the chute. As is shown particularly in Fig. 9,
I04 to the arm I05 pivotally connected to the
the upturned ball engaging end of the arm 84 is ~ shaft
upper end of the vertically depending operating
of greater width or extent than they corresponding
is thus
member I06. The operating member I06
stop portion of the other arm 83 so that it projects
I05 carry
caused
tomove
upward
with
the
arm
forwardly beyond the open end of the chute and
ing with it the generally horizontally disposed
into the path of the cupped end- 80, of the ball
locking bar I01' by reason of the hook-shaped
elevator 25, to be engaged thereby and depressed
notch formation I08 formed in one edge of the
below the lower wall of the chute 16' when the 50
cup is in its lowermost position to receive a ball
from the chute. The ball stop 84 is thus always
lowered out of the path of the balls within the
chute 10 when the elevator 25 is in its lowermost
position, as shown in Figs. '7, 9 and 10. The
other ball stop 83, which is not affected by move
ment of the elevator 25, and its cupped end 80,
will therefore normally operate to prevent the '
‘
the chute, to the cup 7
dispensing of balls from
9, unless this stop 83 is also 60
80 as shown in Fig.
lowered out of the path of the balls by positively
operated means 89 under the automatic control of
the ball propelling gun I1, later to be described.
To insure ejection of balls from the cupped
65
‘end 00, of the elevator 25, when raised to the
upper end of theball elevating trackway 11, an
elongated spring biased ball feeding ?nger 09,
operating member which is adapted to engage a
pin I09 which projects laterally from the bar
I01.
The locking bar I01 is pivoted intermediate its
ends ona pin I I0 ?xed to- a bracket I I I extending
from the ‘frame. Upward movement of the oper
ating member I08 with the pin I09 engaged by
the hook-shaped notch I08, will cause rotation of
the locking bar I01 in a counter clockwise direc
tion about its pivotal mounting H0 and thereby
disengaging its stepped forward end portion'I I2
pivoted on a bracket at its lower end above the
lower central portion of the trackway so that
its free end normally rests on the upper end of
the trackway, is adapted to enter a slot 90 in the
rear and lower faces of the cup 80 to occupy a
position beneath a ball, as ‘indicated in Fig. 8.
Return or lowering movement of the elevator
lever 25 is checked and controlled by a suitable 75
from abutting relation with a locking pin II3
laterally projecting from the lower end portion
of the main intermediately pivoted control lever
II4, which is shownin locked inwardly inclined
position in Fig. 3. When the locking ba'r I01 is
thus rotated on its pivotal mounting I I0 a further
locking pin I I5. projecting laterally» from the bar
is lifted vertidally from one of the radial slots I IS
in the periphery of a counting and locking wheel
lI1-rotatably mounted on a stub shaft H8, so
that the wheel I I1 is then free to rotate with the
pin H5 supported on the periphery of the wheel
H1 and the locking bar I01 held up by its pin
I I5 out of registration with the pin‘ I I3.
2,411,789
-The now released control lever I I4 is free to,
move about its pivotal connection II9 on the
frame, under the influence of spring I20, to as- ‘
sume a generally vertical position, as shown in
Fig. 1 (see also the full and dotted line positions
of the lever H4 in Fig. 7). A tension spring
I2I' is also connected at one end to the depending
end portion of the swingable operating member
' I06 and at its opposite end .to the frame so as to
which frictionally- engages one side of the bell
crank ‘I20 under the action of an intermediate
cluiiglii acting spring, indicated in dotted- lines
at
.
'
' It will be understood from the foregoing each
inward propelling movement of ‘the gun barrel 51
will cause the control lever II4 to rock on its
.pivotal mounting II 3 and by the cam face I26 to
exert a downward and'forward tension on the 10 cause rotation‘ of the ratchet wheel I30 in a
clockwise direction to an extent equal to one
member I06 to urge it to rotate in a generally
notch of the ratchet wheel. At this time a pawl
counter-clockwise direction on'its- pivotal connec
I32, which is pivotally carried by the adjacent“ _
tion with the arm I05 to hold the notched edge
face of the peripherally slotted counting, and look
I08 01' the member in engagement with the pin
I00 of the ‘locking bar.
ing wheel II1 will engage the notched periphery
'.
15 of the ratchet wheel I30 and lock the two wheels
together for rotation in the reverse direction a
I01 rocked to allow the main control lever II 4 to
Withvthe intermediately pivoted locking bar
assume a generally vertical operative position'for
manually.’ operating the game _ mechanism, the
when the ‘control lever I I4 again returns to verti
cal position and when the operating mechanism
inner free end of the bar I 01 is moved downwardly 20 A is actuated to deliver a ball or to receive the
pins as the case may be. When the operating
closing the electric switch I22 in the circuit be
mechanism A is thus operated an arm I33 de
tween the manual control switch 31 and the auto
pending from shaft I23 will be swung ‘with the
matic cam control switches 33 and 34, see Figs.
vshaft and engage one end of a rod I34 which in
3, 6 and '7. The radial slots H6 in' the counting
turn engages the lower arm of the bell crank I20
and locking wheel II1'are spaced around the
to move the vbell crank, the ratchet wheel I30 and
periphery thereof an angular distance equal to
the locking and counting wheel "-1 together in
the angle through which the wheel rotates during
the playing of a normal game of ?ve frames or
a counter-clockwise direction equivalent .to one '
,
the projection of ten balls by the ball propelling -. notch ofthe ratchet wheel.
Each complete inward movement of the gun
gun I1. At the completion of ?ve frames or the 30
barrel 51 will cause the release of the compressed
normal game for which the counting wheel H1
spring 63 to project the ball propelling plunger
is designed, the locking pin II5 drops into a slot
._6I and also cause the upwardly swinging of the
II6, thus allowing the locking bar I01 to rotate
ballholding finger 82 by means of the pivotal and open the switch I22. Opening of the switch
connection of the reciprocatable bar 82"v to the
I22 terminates play until the insertion of another
upper end portion of the main control lever I I 4vas. '
coin or token and actuation of the coin slide‘ 94.
shown particularly in Fig. 3.
,
The manual control of the game apparatus
Although
several
balls
may
be
supplied
to play
having thus been established the operating switch
ing position per frame or set up of the pins, two '
31 is ?rst depressed to close the circuit to the
motor M and clutch operating relay 30 to cause 40 balls are arranged to be supplied for each' said
frame. Therefore one complete rotation ofthe
the cam shaft 2I to make a half revolution and
.shaft 2I effects the operation of the ball elevat
rock the ball elevating crank arm 25 on its pivot
ing mechanism twice, through the two lobe cam
I 23 to deliver the ?rst ball, which is always in the.
23, and the pin setting up mechanism but once,
ball carrying cup 80 at the forward free end of
the crank arm 25 at thetermination'oi’ a game 45‘ through the one lobe cam22. To receive a second
ball for play it is ?rst necessary forthe operator
when the parts are moved into the locked posi
to press the handle end 58 of. the propelling means
tion shown in'full lines in Figs. 3 and 7..
I1 into the casing to its full extent to project the
At this time, the main control lever II4 has.
?rst delivered ball indicated at I25. This opera
assumed a generally vertical, operative position
with its horizontal cross bar I24 adjacent to the 50 tion, as above explained, rocks the main control
lever I“ on its pivotal support II3 to operate
inner faceof the abutment plate 69, mounted on
and movable with the reciprocatable barrel 51 of _ the counting and looking out mechanism. At the
same time this inward rocking movement of the .
the ball propelling gun member I1, and the ?rst
main control lever II4 also moves the stop .oper
ball, indicated at I25, in Figs. 2 and 3, is in- posi
tion in front of ‘the gun member, after having 55 ating lever '88 which overlies an operative exten
sion arm I35 of the ball stop member 83, depress
been elevated to the transfer trough 18 as shown
ing it from the position shown in Fig. 9 to the posi
in Fig. 8.
tion shown in Fig. 10 so as to deliver a ball to the
' Hence whenthe rounded handle end 58, of the
cup 80.
'
ball propelling gun I1, is pushed inwardly to its
full extent to compress the ball propelling spring 60 -When the upper end portion I24 of the main
control lever II4 isswung inwardly by the abut
63 within the gun barrel 51, and the abutment
ment plate 60 of the gun barrel 51, from the nor
plate 69 carried by the gun barrel engages the
mal position of these parts as shown in Figs. 5 horizontal cross bar I24 of the main control lever
and 9, to the extreme inner position of the lever
Ill moving the upper end of the control lever
inwardly about its pivotal mounting II9 against 65- II4 where the gun barrel is discharged as indi
cated in both dotted lines in Fig. 5, and in full
lines in Fig. 10. It will be noted that the operat
'the action of the tension spring I20,’ the lower
end of the control lever H4 is moved outward
ing lever 88 is now moved downwardly to con
toward the inner face of the‘ panel I4 and away
tact-and depress the operative extension arm I35
from the shaft II8. At this time the cam face
I26'on the lower end of the main control lever 70 of the stop member 83 and thus lower its forward
upturned end below the lower wall of the chute
‘__II4 engages a roller I21 journalled at the for
.16 out of the path of the ball stored. therein,
"wardl‘lend of the arm I28,v of the bell crank I29,
"causing
the bell crank torotate 'in a clockwise
‘
' direction on the stub-shaft H8 and carrywith
’
as is the stop member 84, at that time. A swing
ing stop latch I36 is pivotallymounted at I31 in
its ends on one side of the body of the
it a ratchet wheel I30, also mounted on the shaft, 75 ‘termed'iate
dispensing means 15 so that its lower end portion
I
2,41 1,789
12
the other end of the floor and operable to propel
is normally held in abutment with one side of
a ball along the floor, a ball magazine, means for
delivering a ball from said magazine to said pro
a pin I33 which projects laterally from one side
pelling means, ball holding and releasing means
of the‘ operative extension arm E35 by a tension
spring I39, the parts being in the position shown 5 associated with the magazine and propelling
in Fig. 9. When the stop operating extension
means and actuated by the propelling means for
I35 and its pin I38 are momentarily depressed
releasing one ball from the magazine to the de
livery means on-each operation of the propelling
to the full extent shown in Fig. 10 by oscillation
of the lever 38, the lower end of the spring biased
means, and power means independent of said pro
latch member I36 will be freed from engagement 10 pelling means for actuating said delivery means
7 with the side of the pin I33 so as to assume a
normally vertical position immediately above the
and pin re-setting mechanism upon successive
operations of said power means, whereby the pin
re-setting mechanism may be operated to reset
and thus prevent‘return of the ball stop mem-'
ber 83 with the lever 38, such as would prevent
the ‘pins after a strike without delivering a ball
proper dispensing of, a ball to the elevator cup 15 to said propelling means unless the ball pro
80 at this time.
pelling means is again operated.
‘
When the power operating‘ mechanism A is
again operated in the normal playing of the game
by closing the switch 31, the elevator lever 25
2. A bowling game apparatus including an al
ley floor, pin resetting mechanism, ball propelling
means, a ball magazine having means for dis
and its ball cup 80 will again rise to the position 2Q pensing balls therefrom, means for delivering
shown in Fig. 8 to deliver a ball to the track
balls from said magazine to said propelling means,
portion ‘I9 of the gun carriage l6. Duringv this
power means common to the pin resetting mech-‘
time however ‘the spring biased ball stop mem
anism and ball delivery means, said power means
ber 34 will quickly rise following
r being operative upon each cycle of operation
movement of the cup 80 and prevent the escape 2" thereof to actuate the ball delivery means and
of balls from the open end of the chute. As the
operative upon alternate cycles of movement
of the lever 25 approaches the
cupped end 80
thereof to actuate the pin resetting mechanism,
upper end of ball trackway 'I'I it will be caused
and means operated by the propelling means for
to engage the inwardly curved upper end portion
dispensing balls from the magazine to the deliv
I" of the latch member I36, swinging the latch
ery means upon the completion of a cycle of op
- member on its pivotal mounting I31 and against 30
eration of the delivering means.
the action of the spring I39 so that its lower end
3. A bowling game apparatus including .pin re
will again free the pin I38 and allow the ball stop, ' setting mechanism, ball propelling means, means
member 33 to rise and prevent delivery of the next 35 for returning and delivering balls from the re
ball held on by the stop member 34 when the
cup member 80 again returns to the lower end of
the trackway ‘ll.
‘
'
Hence if a strike is made by the ?rst ball pro
pelled down the alley I5 in any game, repeated
operations of the switch 31 and consequent eleva
tion and lowering movements of the elevator and
its ball cup 80, without actuation of the propell
setting mechanism to'the propelling means, pow
er means common to said mechanism and second
means, means associated with and operative upon
successive operations of said ?rst two means for
40 delivering balls to said propelling‘ means, and
means operable upon predetermined successive
operations of said first two means for preventing
further operation bythe power means.
ing means against the action of the return spring
4. A bowling game apparatus comprising an
I“ , will merely result in the resetting of the pins
I3 upon the alley without delivering a further 4 alley ?oor, pin resetting mechanism adjacent one
end of the floor, ball propelling means adjacent
ball to the gun carriage.
the other end of the floor, a ball return magazine
From the foregoing it will be understood that
> a player or, operator of the apparatus upon un
extending from a point adjacent the pin resetting
mechanism to ya point adjacent and below the
otherwise, ‘may have made available to’ him a 50 propelling means, means associated with the,
magazine and ball propelling means for releasing
number of balls, for example ten balls. For each
returned balls from the magazine upon operation
two pin set ups, one of the available ten balls
of the propelling means, means normally posi
will be made ready' for propulsion by the ap
tioned adjacent the releasing means for suc
paratus as above explained so that the game may
cessively receiving a ball and delivering same to
be divided into ?ve frames of two balls per frame
locking of same for play by insertion of a coin or
'
‘ said propelling means, power means including a
except when a strike is made in one frame and
55
rotatable shaft, and means cooperating with the
shaft for operating said receiving and delivering
means twice and said pin resetting mechanism
player may effect as many pin'set ups as desired, ‘so once upon each complete rotation thereof.
then only one ball will be delivered for that frame
as above explained. Though the operator or
- Upon completion of five frames during which the
ten balls have been propelled down the alley
the apparatus automatically locks itself until
another coin is inserted or the machine otherwise
, 5. A bowling game apparatus ‘comprising an
alley floor, pin resetting mechanism adjacent one
end of the floor, ball propelling means adjacent
the other end of the floor, a ball return maga
unlocked for play. The number of balls made 55 zine having _a' discharge opening adjacent and
below the propelling means, ball returning and
available to the player may be modified and also
releasing means supported bysaid magazine ad
the number of frames to the game may be varied
jacent the discharge opening‘ thereof, means for
without departing from the invention. For ex
delivering balls to, said. propelling means when
ample the apparatus may be readily redesigned to
offer 30 balls to the player and the game com 70 released from said magazine, a control lever op
erable by said propelling means, power means for
prise ten frames of three balls per frame to be
actuating said ball delivering means and saidv
played with one set up per frame.
What is claimed is:
_
1. A bowling game apparatus including an al
pin resetting mechanism, and means movable
with said control lever and ball delivering means
ley ?oor, pin re-setting mechanism adjacent one ‘75 for successive operation of said ball release
end 'of the ?oor, ball propelling means adjacent
3,411,789
.
13
14
means for effecting release of a ball from ‘the
magazine and to said delivering means.
6. A- bowling gamev apparatus according to
‘a ball holding and dispensing means connected
with t.‘ e magazine and including a .chute com
claim 5, wherein said‘propelling means includes
'municating with said magazine, said ball holding
' a carriage, having ball retaining means thereon,
and means operable by the control lever for re
mally retaining balls in the chute, an arcuate -
and dispensing means including arms for nor
_ trackway carried
by said ball holding and dis-,
pensing means, ball propelling means abovesaid
holding and dispensing means and including'a
leasing said retaining meansimmediately pre
ceding the propulsion of the‘ ball.
_
7. ‘A bowling game , apparatus according to
carriage having ball positioning means, a ball de
livering means'including a cupped member mov
claim 5, together with a rotatable counting and
locking wheel, means jointly operable by the con-i
trol lever and ball delivery means for rotating
able, along said trackway between the discharge
end of said chute and said ball positioning means,
power means for operating said delivering means,
and means sequentially operable by said deliver-‘
said wheel in successive steps, and means con
trolled by said' wheel for rendering said power
means inoperative and for lockingsaid control
ing means and propelling means for actuating
lever in inoperative position after a predetermined
number of successive operations of said ball de
said movable arms for successive delivery of balls
from‘said chute to said delivering meansr
livering means and control lever.
.5,
_ 13. A bowling game apparatus according to
8. A bowling game apparatus according to claim '
wherein said ball release means comprises a 20 claim 12, together with a spring biased latching
member normally holding one of the said mov
pair of pivotally mounted arms having upturned
able arms in ball releasing position, said latching
free ends normally maintained in slots in the bot
tom wall of the magazine at its discharge open
ing, springs connected with said arms for yield
member having a curved end portion engageable
by said cupped member upon delivery of a ball .
to said positioning means for- releasing said one
ably maintaining them in ball blocking positions,
of said arms for movement to ball retaining po
and means carried by the arms for engagement
sitionvunder the action of spring means connected
by said means movable with said control and
said ball delivering means.
therewith.
‘ ‘
‘
14. A bowling game apparatus comprising an
9. In a game apparatus including an alley floor
alley
?oor, a pin resetting mechanism adjacent
with means 'at the rear end thereof for support 30
the rear end of the ?oor, a ball return magazine
ing a plurality of pins and a ball return trough
extending from a point adjacent the pin re
adjacent the alley floor, a ball projector at the
setting mechanism to a point adjacent and be
forward end of the alley, supporting means for
the projector comprising a carriage, \means
mounting the carriage for sliding movement
transversely of the alley ?oor and adjacent the ‘
forward end thereof, means pivotally connect
ing the ball projector to the carriage so that it
may be swung laterally with respect to the car-v
~ rlage about the pivotal connection therewith, and 40
means for? delivering a ball fromv said trough
to projecting supported position on said carriage
vertically above said pivotal connection in all
slidable positions of said carriage.
low the front end of the ?oor, ball holding and
dispensing means adjacent the ‘front end of the
magazine, ball propelling means adjacent the
front cad of the ‘floor and above said ball hold
ing and dispensing means, ball delivery means
for successively delivering balls. from the ball
holding and dispensing means to the ball pro
pelling means, switch controlled power means
for jointly operating said pin resetting mecha
nism and said ball delivering means, a control.
lever associated with said ball holding and dis- .
-
10. In a game'apparatus according to claim 9, 45 pensing means and propelling means and voper
able by said ball propelling means, means to de- '
together with a shaft rotatably supported below
liver 9. ball to the ball delivery means for nor
said projector, a manipulating member on’ said
shaft, and a, link connectionvbetween said shaft
and said carriage for imparting slidingmovement
thereto upon rotation of the shaft through ma
nipulation of said member.
'
.
mally lockingsaid control lever in vinoperative
position with the switch for said power means
open, and manually controlled means operative
50 on said locking means for simultaneously ren
dering said control lever operative and closing
11. In a game apparatus including a bowling
the switch for operation of said power means.
alley ?oor, ball'propelling and directing means
15. A bowling game apparatus according to
claim
14, wherein said ball propelling means
adapted to be vertically arranged on the ?oor 65
comprises a carriage having ball positioning
adjacent the opposite end thereof, means ex~
adjacent one end of the floor, a plurality of pins‘
means thereon, and means carried by said con
tending longitudinally of the alley for returning
trol lever for releasing said ball positioning
balls from one end thereof to the other, means
for laterally and angularly adjusting the direc
tion of the ball directing means with respect to 60
the pins, means associated with the ball return ,
means and propelling means for delivering a ball
to said directing means in all of its laterally and
angularly adjusted positions, power means under
the control of an operator for resetting said pins
and concurrently operating said last mentioned
means to deliver a, ball to the directing means
from the returning means, and means associated
with said returningv means, delivery means and
-- propelling means for delivering a ball from the
re/tuming means to the delivery means uponac
tuation of the propelling means.
12-. A bowling game apparatus comprising an
alley ?oor, a ball return magazine having a dis
means upon movement of said control lever by
said ball propelling means.
16. A bowling game apparatus according to ‘
‘claim 14 wherein said locking means comprises
a counting wheel jointly operative by said con
--'trol lever and said ball delivering mean-s,‘ uni‘
formly spaced notches in said wheel, ‘a two
armed lever, one arm of which is provided with
a pin for engagement in .one of said notches in
,he locked position of said control lever, a pin
carried by said control lever and engageable by.
a shoulder on said one lever arm when in locked
position, a second pin on saidv one lever arm, a
swingable manuallyelevated unlocking member
_ having a, shoulder engageable with said last pin
for lifting said ?rst pin out'of a notch thereby
charge end adjacent the forward end of the ?oor, 76 releasing the pin on the control lever from en
gagement with the shoulder .on said one lever
'
2,41 1,789
arm, the other arm of said two armedl lever
being operative to close said power means switch
by said swingable
upon release, of said ?rst arm
control member.
'
,
.
17. A bowlingv game apparatus according to
claim 14 wherein said power means comprises
a motor driven shaft, 3, single lobe cam on one
end of the shaft, a double lobe cam on the other
end of the shaft, driving connections respec
tively operable by said cams and connected with
said pin resetting mechanism ‘and said ball de
16v
means, means operatively connected between
said propelling means and said ball delivering
means and operative in response to operation of
said propelling means to control the operation of
said‘ delivering means, and means operatively
connected between said ball propelling means
and said control circuit and operative in re
sponse to a predetermined number of ball pro
pelling operations to terminate the playable con
10 dition of said ap‘paratus’by rendering said con
livering means, a relay controlled drive between
said motor and shaft, and cams on said shaft
alternately operate on switches for synchronizing
trol circuit inoperative.
-
20. In a bowling game apparatus including a
bowling alley floor, means operative to condition
. said apparatus for play including a control cir
cuit, a plurality of bowling pins adapted to be
the operations of the motor relay and a main 15 vertically arranged on the ?oor adjacent one end
thereof, electrically operated pin setting mecha
motor control switch.
18. A bowling game apparatus according to
nism constructed and arranged to set said pins
in vertical arrangement ‘and in a geometrical
claim 14, wherein said ball propelling means
comprises a laterally movable ball receiving car
pattern on said floor, ball propelling means ad
20
riage, and a linearly movable ball projector hav
jacent the opposite end of said ?oor and operable
to propel a ball along said floor toward said
ing a vertical pivotal connection with the car
riage for projection of a ball laterally of or at
pins, electrically operated means to deliver balls
an angle to the longitudinal center of said alley
one at a time to said propelling means, means
operatively connected between said propelling
?oor.
19. In a bowling game apparatus including a 25 means and said ball delivering means and operay
bowling alley ?oor, means operative to condition‘
said apparatus for play including a control cir
tive in response to operation of said propelling
means to control the operation of said deliver
ing means, and means operatively connected
cuit,\a plurality of bowling pins adapted to be
vertically arranged on the floor adjacent one end
thereof, pin setting mechanism constructed and
arranged to set said pins in vertical arrangement
and in a geometrical pattern on said
propelling means adjacent the opposite end of
said floor and operable to propel a ball'along
said floor toward said pins, means operative to 35
deliver balls one ate time to said propelling
between said ball propelling means and said con
30 trol circuit and operative in response to a predel
of ball propelling operations
termined number playable
condition ofv said ap- to terminate the
paratus by rendering said control circuit in--v
operative.
CHARLES W.‘ HARTWIG.
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