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No“ 25, 1946- 2,411,789 c. w. HARTWIG BOWLING ALLEY Filed Aug. 5, 1943 7 Sheets-Sheet 1 o_ Q . . .k. Q“? Q_..8\ Q.1 .aux .R.» . m8‘ kmi-5Is.1:|»‘:.I , NE‘ _ v.,. ‘ V. ... . b . / .f. , 0‘. f m L‘ 4 .@ ,a \- .p \\.. . . W ..\.Q\. . v 0; \\.\\ mY Nov. 26, 1946. c. w. HARTWIG 2,411,789 ‘. BOWLING ALLEY Filed Aug. 5, 1943 ‘ '7 Sheets-Sheet 2 Nov. 26, 1946.. , C.‘ W. HARTWIG v 2,411,789, BOWLING ALLEY Filed Aug. 5, 1943 I '7 Sheets-Sheet s '_ Nov. 26, 1946. c. w. HARTWIG 2,411,789 BOWLING ALLEY Filed‘ Aug. s, 1943 - 3% d2» 7 sheets-sneak 4 * ' Nov._ 26, 1946. c,_w, HARTW|G ' ' I Y : 2,411,789 BOWLING ALLEY Filed Aug. 5, '1943 [III/111A ... I A . "7 Sheets-Sheet 6 Nov. 26, ‘1946. vc. WQHA'RTWIG ' 2,411,789 ' BOWLING ALLEY Filed Aug. 5,_ 1943 =%A‘\ \Nl x . v '7 Sheets-S ‘meet 7 f2,41'1,7se Patented Nov. 26, Km smas rATENr praise? enemas 7 home my @harles W. ?artwig, New York, N. Y. Application August 5, 19%, Serial No. @7393 ‘2% W. (GE. 27%!» a? My invention relates to a mechanical ball game apparatus and more particularly to a miniature bowling alley game apparatus as is shown and .described in my copending application Serial Number 255,506, ?led February 9, 1939, of which this application is a continuation-in-part.’ It is important in the playingv of any bowling ’ , ing balls along the alley toward the pins, actuat ing means associated with both of said means for automatically operating the pin setting means on alternate actuations thereof and including ball delivery means operable on each actuation there of to deliver or withhold a ball, depending upon a previous actuation of the ball propelling means, so that in the event of a strike, where only a alley game that the pins be precisely set up in single actuation of the ball propelling means is _ accordance with the accepted or standard geo required for a frame, the pins may be reset by a metrical arrangement, if the game is to be fair to 10 successive, operations of the actuating means all of the players involved and the score is to be without delivering more than one ball to the ball ‘commensurate with the skill of the player. It will be understood, therefore, that it is‘ desirable to A still further object of my. invention is to pro eliminate the human element in the setting up vide a bowling alley game apparatus which is fully and arranging of the pins as well as to all other 15 automatic, simple and foolproof in construction mechanical operations of the game in order to and which includes a mechanical pin setting de insure the same setting of the pins and opera in conjunction with a mechanical-‘bail pro tions of the parts to all players. It is therefore . _ vice pelling, returning and delivering apparatus all g an object of this invention to faithfully accom 20 under the control of a single actuating, means. propelling - means. plish these results. ‘ A further objectof'my invention isto provide ‘ - ' , Other objects and-advantages of the instant invention will be apparent from the following de a bowling alley game apparatus having a ball scription: propelling means mounted for transverse slidable Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of my miniature adjustment relative to one end of the alley with bowling alley game apparatus, with the outer means to deliver a ball to operative position by 25 supporting casing removed and with certain por the propelling means in vall transverse adjusted tions of the operating mechanism shown in dotted positions thereof.‘ lines while other portions are shown in sections Another object of my invention is to provide to illustrate generally the relationship of the a ball propelling means for a bowling alley game apparatus having a pivotal mounting at one end 30 Fig. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, top plan adapted for transverse sliding movement relative view of the game apparatus taken adjacent to to the alley and means operative to deliver a ball the forward or operating end thereof to illus to the pivotal mounting of the propelling means trate the transverse slidable relation of the inner parts. _ ' v ' at all transverse slidable positions thereof. ‘ ball propelling‘ mechanism with respect Another object of my invention'is to provide 35 pivoted to the ball delivery mechanism, at the forward ball return and mechanically operated ball de end of the alley. . v ' livery means associated therewith in a bowling Fig. 3 is aside elevational view of the forward alley game apparatus having‘ means under the’ portion of the game apparatus shown in Fig. '2, joint control of the delivery means and the ball propelling means for selectively releasing re turned balls for transfer to said delivery means . upon each actuation of the apparatus. Still another object of my invention is to pro vide, amechanically operated ‘bowling alley game with certain of the ‘supporting frame members broken away and with portions of the ball elevat-. ing and delivery mechanism shown in dotted lines. _ ' -, > Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken ap apparatus having means to automatically deliver 45 proximately on the lines 4-4 of Fig. 1 andlook ‘ing in the direction of the arrows to show the] balls to a propelling means adjacent one end of the alley, with means operable on the delivery of ' common drivingmechanism for the ball elevate ' ing and delivery mechanism and the pin setting; a predetermined number of balls for rendering “the delivery means inoperable no matter how - up mechanism with the manual and automatic 50 controls for these cooperating mechanisms. 1 many times the propelling means is operated. Fig.5 is a'further enlarged fragmentary view , A further object of my invention‘ is to provide of the manually operable ball propelling means a mechanical bowling alley apparatus having a with portions thereof shown in elevation and,v mechanical pin setting means at one end of- the alley floor, .a mechanical ball propelling means “ others in section to illustrate the relation of the at the opposite end of the alley floor for project 55. pivotal mounting of the propelling-means to 2,411,789 3 < slidable support and the ball‘ delivery means for all slidable positions thereof. Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the operating mechanism shown in Figs. 1 and 4 and the elec trical control circuits therefor. I . Fig. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the ball return, elevating and delivering mechanism with certain portions thereof shown in full and dotted lines, to illustrate by full lines the posi ' 4 tending shaft 2i, which is rotatably mounted at its ends in a pair of the uprights l3 on opposite sides of the frame so as to extend there beyond. A single lobe cam 22 and a double lobe cam 23 are mounted on the opposite extending ends of this shaft 2| with which bell crank levers 24 and 25 respectively, cooperate to drive the pin setting means B and ball return and control means C, I in de?nite timed relationship. tion of the parts when the mechanism is in locked 10 In order to provide independent control of the out or in inoperative position and in dotted lines ‘motor M and the driven ?exible shaft IE to in to show the position of the parts when ready for sure properly timed starting and stopping of the play. associated mechanisms for automatic control of Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7, showing the thepin operating means at one end of the alley position of the parts when the mechanism has 15' floor and the ball returmng means at the oppo been rendered operative, and the manual con site end of the alley, the end of the ?exible shaft trol switch has been operated to elevate a ball to > I8 which carries the friction wheel 20 is mounted deliver the same to the propelling means, not in a rocking bracket 26 so that it may be moved shown. to and from the driving pulley II. The pivotal ' Fig. 9 is another view of the mechanism shown 20' mounting 21 of the bracket 26, and the base of in Fig. '7 with the parts in the position that they the motor M are both mounted on one of the will assume when the‘ ball elevating means has cross members [2 of the frame as is also a ?xed returned to normal operating position from the friction brake member 28 against which the fric position shown in Fig. 8. ’ tion wheel 20' is normallyheld. Thus in the nor Fig. 10 is a still further view of the mechanism mal inoperative position of these parts the fric illustrated in Fig. 7 showing the positions of parts tion wheel 26 is held stationary and out of en when the plunger of the ball propelling means, gagement with the pulley II, oy the weight biased shown in detail in Fig. 5 and in combination in armature‘ 29 of an electric relay 30, to one end Fig. 3, is pressed inwardly to propel the ball de of which armature the upper end of the rocking livered by movement of the parts as illustrated so bracket is operatively connected by means of a in Fig. 8 and - . ' resilient connecting lever 3|. 1 When the relay is Fig. 11 is a front elevational view of the ball dispensing means illustrated in Figs. '7 to 10 in energized to retract its armature, a weighted arm I‘ 32, extending obliquely from the upper end of clusive. the rocking bracket 26 will urge the friction wheel I . Referring now to the drawings in detail and 35 20 imo driving relationship with the motor pul particularly to Fig. 1, I have shown a supporting ley H, as shown in Fig. 4. Automatic switches base or chassis for the mechanism which is com 33 and 34, which are alternately operated by the posed mainly of vertically spaced longitudinally cams 35 and 36, respectively mounted on the extending channel irons l0 and H to which a transverse shaft 2l-, serve to synchronize the op plurality of similar cross members l2. upright 40 erations of the motor M and relay 36 with the members l3 and front plate H are rigidly secured manual controlling or actuating switch 31 on the to form an open sided box-like frame, that is forward or front panel [4, having a pair of con generally rectangular in shape.’ In practice this tacts 38 as will be more fully described herein supporting frame would be housed within an after. ornamental and protecting enclosure or casing 45 Now with reference to the pin elevating and of a desired shape such as that suggested in Fig. setting up means, which is under the control of 1, of my copending application Serial No. 255,506, this automatic operating mechanism just de filed Feb. 9, 1939, of which this application is a scribed, it will be noted that the pins l6 are posi continuation-‘impart. ( tively elevated and guided by combined means Extending‘ horizontally between and secured to 50 which engage them ‘at their top and bottom ends the upper longitudinal chassis members i I, is the to insure prompt removal of felled pins from the game board or alley floor I 5, of the bowling game alley during play as well as to guide and uni apparatus forming the subject matter of this ap formiy return all of the pins to a predetermined plication. ~ arangement upon the alley ?oor at the termina As is shown in dotted lines in Fig; 1, the play 55 tion of each game or frame, or after'a strike has ing‘pins l6 occupy predetermined positions on the been made. alley ?oor adjacent the rear or inner end there This combined means, designated generally by of, whereas the ball propelling means I‘! with t the reference B, includes a plurality of pins i6, its associated mechanism ,occupies a position'ad each of which is loosely supported at its upper jacent the front or forward end of the alley ?oor. 60 end by a length of ?exible strand or chain 39 Beneath the alley floor and within the box-like from one end of an intermediately pivoted lever supporting frame is mounted the interconnect 40. These levers 46 are each weighted at their ing andautomaticoperating mechanism A for the opposite ends so as to quickly rock on their pivots pin elevating and setting up means B and the and raise the attached pins from the alley, when associated ball delivering and control means C. 65 automatic latching means 4| and 42, associated As is clearly disclosed in my former applica - with each lever, is released by the felling of the tion, above identi?ed, the power operating mech- ' pins when struck by balls propelled from the anism A includes an electric motor M, on the ro opposite end of the alley. After the projection tary shaft of which is mounted a driving pulley of a predetermined number of balls, or after l1, having a peripheral friction face adapted to 70 a strike has been made, the sockets in the bottom drive a ?exible shaft l8, having worm gearing l9, faces of the pins are entered by a group of rods by'frictional engagement of the pulley l'l withv 43, which upstand from a slidably. mounted ele the periphery of a friction wheel 26', mounted on vator frame 44, as all of the rods are automati one end of the ?exible shaft. This power oper > cally moved up through apertures arranged in ating mechanism also includes a transversely ex 75 predetermined geometrical pattern in the alley . aromas ; door, to their uppermost position'as indicated in Fig. 1. by the power mechanism A. The eleva-. tor frame 44 is thereafter slowly lowered under 7 the control of a dashpot 4i and with-it the pins it which are allowed to follow the rods 48, with which they are aligned, as the weighted ends of the pivoted levels 40 areslmultaneousl'y‘ raised to again bring the cooperating latching means if and 42 into locking relationship. The pins are thus guided as they are lowered each to its pre- v determined position on the alley ?oor. At the end of the alley remote from the end where the pins 86 are arranged, as Just described, the ball propelling means II with the ball con troi means‘ C are located, which means includes a bail return means, a ball releasingmeans, a ball elevating means, and a ball transfer and po sitioning means all working together and with the pin elevating and positioning means B, from the power mechanism A, under the automatic control effected by the sequence operations of the switch bl and the ball propelling means I‘! by - an operator. adjacent the panel It. The ball propelling means comprises primarily a pivotally mounted, manually shiftable and ion gitudinally reciprocable gun-like member desig nated generally at l'l. By reference. to Fig. 5 it will be seen that the propelling means includes a carriage portion 48 having a longitudinal chan nel ‘41 in its inner face v48 which is slidably mounted upon a ?at strip or rail 49 that extends transversely of the alleyiadjacent the forward end thereof and is attached to the frame at its longitudinally of the barrel t the thickened end wall to a point td'deteed by'the extent of inward sll movement of the loci which ‘ is necessary in order to produce the dmired com pression of- the spring for propelling a ball along the alley it. v A trlggermech >1“ compris a bell=crank~ shaped-latching element at is intermediately piv- I oted within the vertical slot to in the body mem— her 58 and springpressed at one side so that its lower end will be yieldably‘entended through the slot es in the barrei Wand releasably engage and normally hold the or upper end portion of the piston head 52 of the plunger be against the ac tion of the spring 63 while the opposite trigger acting end portion ofthe latch extends upwardly - beyond the slotted body. The upper trigger act log end mrtion of the latch member ti thus pro jects into the path of a horirontally‘ extending. tripping rod to which is threaded into the upper inner face of an abutment plate as ?ned to the gun barrel so as to ove therewith whenever ‘ . pressure is exerted on the spherical outer end thereof. , ' While shifting. g and discharging of the ball propelling gun member ll as described, may be accomplished with one hand by the spherical handle end portion 58 of. the barrel 61, more ac curate training of the gun- may be effected by concurrently shifting and holding the carriage with theother hand by manual rotation of a knurled knob 10 on the outer end of the shaft 1 I. In order to transmit the desired transverse ‘slid ends. As is particularly shown in Fig. 4 the car- . ing movement to the carriage from the shaft 1| riage 46 is held in slida le relation uponthe 35 an arm 12 is rotatable with the shaft and has a ' rail 49 by a face or bear g plate 60 attached 1 by machine screws or the like to the inner face of the carriage above and below the channel. pivoted‘link connection ‘I3 with‘ one end of the carriage. I > After a ball is propelled down the alley l5 by The carriage member 48 is transversely re the mechanism just described it will be returned cessed below its upper surface and _vertically 40 by gravity to the forward end portion of the ap bored at its center to, receive and rigidly support‘ a paratus by an inclined chute or runway 14, at one stub shaft ‘I so as to depend into the recess. .sidev of the alley, in which the returned balls re ‘The inner bored end 52 of the upturned gun main stored until dispensed for use. ' oupporting bracket- 53 is swivelly mounted on the As shown particularly in Figs. 7, 8, 9 and 10, the stub shaft 5| within the recess for horizontal forward end portion of the inclined chute 14 com ?inging movement thereon relative to the car- . municates with a specially constructed ball hold riage. A locking collar 54 is secured on the lower ing and dispensing means 15 the body of which end of thestub shaft 5| by a set screw 55 to re includes an enclosed chute l6 extending‘as a tain the bracket against longitudinal movement continuation of the runway. 14. The forward upon the shaft. Upon the upper face of the . lower end of the chute ‘I6 is open and the forward bracket '53 adjacent to and aligned with, its swiv end ‘surface portion of the body of the dispensing elled mounting in the recess of the carriage is means adjoining the open-ended chute is up formed the upstanding base or body portion 56 wardly and rearwardly curved to provide a ball of the ball propelling sun which body is trans elevating trackway Tl, the upper end of which versely bored through its upper ‘portion to slid adjoins the upper end-of a transversely inclined ably receive and support the tubular gun barrel ball transfer chute ‘I8, which overlies and dis 51 having a spherical operating handle I8 closing , charges into the upper elongated grooved surface .its outer or forward end and‘ a thickened wall portion 19. of the gun carriage 48. portion 59 closing its inner end. A relatively By particular reference to Fig. 2, it will be small bore 80 is formed in the thickened wall 59 60 noted that irrespective of the extent to which the’ in alignment with the axis of the gun barrel to carriage 46 is‘ laterally shifted or adJusted by '~ slidably receive the ball propelling pin or plunger the gun handle 58, or theknurled knob ‘III, in 8i. An enlarged piston-like head 82 formed on the normal operation of the game, as indicated. the forward end of the plunger 6| is ‘slidably by the laterally spaced dot and dash lines 58', mounted within the tubular gun barrel 5‘! be 65 the extended upper grooved~ surface portion or tween which and the operating handle 58 a coiled . track 19 of the carriage will always underlie the M compression spring 83 is confined. Above the discharge end .of the transfer chute 18, to receive ‘ thickened end wall 59 and its plunger 8| theup per body portion 58 is vertically slotted with the ' - balls therefrom. Hence as balls are successively elevated by the cupped end 80, of the ball elevat extending into and communicating with 70 _ ing arm of the bell-crank lever 25, they will al ways be delivered to the center of the carriage ward end of the thickened wall portion of the gun‘ 46 and against the stop 8| in alignment with the barrel. Aligned with the slot 64 in the body 58 * slot 64 the interior of the body bore adjacent the for is a similar slot 65 formed in the upper wall of axis of the gun barrel I1, and its propelling plunger 61 , no matter to what angular extent the the tubular barrel]! which latter slot extends 75 gun barrel may be swung at the time. upon its 2,411,789 dashpot 9| and connecting arm 92 until stop ' pivotal support 5|. A ball delivered to the car riage and ready for play is thus supported by 46 immediately above the axis of the carriage the depending gun swivelllng stub shaft GI and adjacent the forward edge of the alley floor It‘, where it is held against accidental displacement during the adjustment of the gun and the gun carriage by‘ an upwardly swinging bell crank shaped holding ?nger 99 is encountered. _. , . While the game apparatus with the mechanism and means generally described may be played more or less continuously it is desirable to incor porate therewith automatic means which will be operative upon theprojection of each ball and and also after the projection of a predetermined number of balls, by the propelling means I1, to lock the mechanism until reset for further play. bracket upstanding from the carriage 4B. The depending armportion 82' of the ball holding fin-v For this latter purpose the mechanism may be ger 82 extends along the forward upper edge to ward one end portion of the carriage 48, as is shown in Fig. 4, so that it may be engaged by a known coin operated game mechanisms, wherein controlled in a manner similar to other well a coin must ?rst be inserted into a customary slide device, which when then operated, will un reciprocatable bar 82" many adjusted position 15 lock the mechanism and set the same for another period of play, at the termination of which of the carriage to swing the ball holding finger period, the mechanism is again locked until an 82 about its pivot in the bracket, when the ball other coin is inserted and the coin slide again propelling means I1 is operated to project the operated. The mechanism which is under the ball. ‘ As the forward end of the chute 10 is only 20 control of the coin receiving and actuating means control the delivery of balls for play will there closed by the ball elevating cup 80, when the . to fore be described in detail in connection with the elevator arm 25 is in its lowermost position, as ball ‘delivery and propelling means A. shown ‘in Figs. ‘1 to 10 inclusive, ball dispensing By reference to Figs. 2 and 3, the coin slide stop means is provided to ensure the timed de plate 94 projects forwardly .from the front panel livery of but one ball at a time to the cup 804 I4, and is adapted to receive a coin within the and at all other times to stop and retain the . cutout portion 95 thereof. With a coin held in remaining balls storedvin line within the chutes the cutout portion, the plate 94 may be pushed 14 and 16. The ball stop means shown also in into the casing through the panel I4. so as to Fig. 11 comprises a pair of similar arms 83 and engage an upstanding pin 96 of the slidable oper 84 which are independently pivotally mounted at extending ating member 91, sliding .the member 91 on the ;;‘heir inner ends upon a shaft1685adjacent its. ?xed support 98 into engagement with a horizon transversely beneath‘ the chute tally extending pin 99 on a swingable substantial juncture with the runway 14. Independent coil springs 06 and 91 depending from opposite sides 35 1y T-shaped cam member I00 which is plvotally supported at its lower end on a stub shaft IOI, of the body of the dispensing means 15 are oper of the ?xed support 98. atively connected respectively to the stop arms ' to a depending portion This operation of the slide plate 94 with a coin 03 and 84 so as to normally retain the forward causes the swingable cam member I00 to move in upturned free end portions thereof within a pair of parallel slots in the lower wall of the chute 40 a counter-clockwise direction about its pivot IOI effecting engagement of the cam with a follower 16, at its'open end, and with the upturned free roller I02 on the arm I03, which in turn trans ends projecting ‘up into the path of the balls in mits a generally clockwise motion through the the chute. As is shown particularly in Fig. 9, I04 to the arm I05 pivotally connected to the the upturned ball engaging end of the arm 84 is ~ shaft upper end of the vertically depending operating of greater width or extent than they corresponding is thus member I06. The operating member I06 stop portion of the other arm 83 so that it projects I05 carry caused tomove upward with the arm forwardly beyond the open end of the chute and ing with it the generally horizontally disposed into the path of the cupped end- 80, of the ball locking bar I01' by reason of the hook-shaped elevator 25, to be engaged thereby and depressed notch formation I08 formed in one edge of the below the lower wall of the chute 16' when the 50 cup is in its lowermost position to receive a ball from the chute. The ball stop 84 is thus always lowered out of the path of the balls within the chute 10 when the elevator 25 is in its lowermost position, as shown in Figs. '7, 9 and 10. The other ball stop 83, which is not affected by move ment of the elevator 25, and its cupped end 80, will therefore normally operate to prevent the ' ‘ the chute, to the cup 7 dispensing of balls from 9, unless this stop 83 is also 60 80 as shown in Fig. lowered out of the path of the balls by positively operated means 89 under the automatic control of the ball propelling gun I1, later to be described. To insure ejection of balls from the cupped 65 ‘end 00, of the elevator 25, when raised to the upper end of theball elevating trackway 11, an elongated spring biased ball feeding ?nger 09, operating member which is adapted to engage a pin I09 which projects laterally from the bar I01. The locking bar I01 is pivoted intermediate its ends ona pin I I0 ?xed to- a bracket I I I extending from the ‘frame. Upward movement of the oper ating member I08 with the pin I09 engaged by the hook-shaped notch I08, will cause rotation of the locking bar I01 in a counter clockwise direc tion about its pivotal mounting H0 and thereby disengaging its stepped forward end portion'I I2 pivoted on a bracket at its lower end above the lower central portion of the trackway so that its free end normally rests on the upper end of the trackway, is adapted to enter a slot 90 in the rear and lower faces of the cup 80 to occupy a position beneath a ball, as ‘indicated in Fig. 8. Return or lowering movement of the elevator lever 25 is checked and controlled by a suitable 75 from abutting relation with a locking pin II3 laterally projecting from the lower end portion of the main intermediately pivoted control lever II4, which is shownin locked inwardly inclined position in Fig. 3. When the locking ba'r I01 is thus rotated on its pivotal mounting I I0 a further locking pin I I5. projecting laterally» from the bar is lifted vertidally from one of the radial slots I IS in the periphery of a counting and locking wheel lI1-rotatably mounted on a stub shaft H8, so that the wheel I I1 is then free to rotate with the pin H5 supported on the periphery of the wheel H1 and the locking bar I01 held up by its pin I I5 out of registration with the pin‘ I I3. 2,411,789 -The now released control lever I I4 is free to, move about its pivotal connection II9 on the frame, under the influence of spring I20, to as- ‘ sume a generally vertical position, as shown in Fig. 1 (see also the full and dotted line positions of the lever H4 in Fig. 7). A tension spring I2I' is also connected at one end to the depending end portion of the swingable operating member ' I06 and at its opposite end .to the frame so as to which frictionally- engages one side of the bell crank ‘I20 under the action of an intermediate cluiiglii acting spring, indicated in dotted- lines at . ' ' It will be understood from the foregoing each inward propelling movement of ‘the gun barrel 51 will cause the control lever II4 to rock on its .pivotal mounting II 3 and by the cam face I26 to exert a downward and'forward tension on the 10 cause rotation‘ of the ratchet wheel I30 in a clockwise direction to an extent equal to one member I06 to urge it to rotate in a generally notch of the ratchet wheel. At this time a pawl counter-clockwise direction on'its- pivotal connec I32, which is pivotally carried by the adjacent“ _ tion with the arm I05 to hold the notched edge face of the peripherally slotted counting, and look I08 01' the member in engagement with the pin I00 of the ‘locking bar. ing wheel II1 will engage the notched periphery '. 15 of the ratchet wheel I30 and lock the two wheels together for rotation in the reverse direction a I01 rocked to allow the main control lever II 4 to Withvthe intermediately pivoted locking bar assume a generally vertical operative position'for manually.’ operating the game _ mechanism, the when the ‘control lever I I4 again returns to verti cal position and when the operating mechanism inner free end of the bar I 01 is moved downwardly 20 A is actuated to deliver a ball or to receive the pins as the case may be. When the operating closing the electric switch I22 in the circuit be mechanism A is thus operated an arm I33 de tween the manual control switch 31 and the auto pending from shaft I23 will be swung ‘with the matic cam control switches 33 and 34, see Figs. vshaft and engage one end of a rod I34 which in 3, 6 and '7. The radial slots H6 in' the counting turn engages the lower arm of the bell crank I20 and locking wheel II1'are spaced around the to move the vbell crank, the ratchet wheel I30 and periphery thereof an angular distance equal to the locking and counting wheel "-1 together in the angle through which the wheel rotates during the playing of a normal game of ?ve frames or a counter-clockwise direction equivalent .to one ' , the projection of ten balls by the ball propelling -. notch ofthe ratchet wheel. Each complete inward movement of the gun gun I1. At the completion of ?ve frames or the 30 barrel 51 will cause the release of the compressed normal game for which the counting wheel H1 spring 63 to project the ball propelling plunger is designed, the locking pin II5 drops into a slot ._6I and also cause the upwardly swinging of the II6, thus allowing the locking bar I01 to rotate ballholding finger 82 by means of the pivotal and open the switch I22. Opening of the switch connection of the reciprocatable bar 82"v to the I22 terminates play until the insertion of another upper end portion of the main control lever I I 4vas. ' coin or token and actuation of the coin slide‘ 94. shown particularly in Fig. 3. , The manual control of the game apparatus Although several balls may be supplied to play having thus been established the operating switch ing position per frame or set up of the pins, two ' 31 is ?rst depressed to close the circuit to the motor M and clutch operating relay 30 to cause 40 balls are arranged to be supplied for each' said frame. Therefore one complete rotation ofthe the cam shaft 2I to make a half revolution and .shaft 2I effects the operation of the ball elevat rock the ball elevating crank arm 25 on its pivot ing mechanism twice, through the two lobe cam I 23 to deliver the ?rst ball, which is always in the. 23, and the pin setting up mechanism but once, ball carrying cup 80 at the forward free end of the crank arm 25 at thetermination'oi’ a game 45‘ through the one lobe cam22. To receive a second ball for play it is ?rst necessary forthe operator when the parts are moved into the locked posi to press the handle end 58 of. the propelling means tion shown in'full lines in Figs. 3 and 7.. I1 into the casing to its full extent to project the At this time, the main control lever II4 has. ?rst delivered ball indicated at I25. This opera assumed a generally vertical, operative position with its horizontal cross bar I24 adjacent to the 50 tion, as above explained, rocks the main control lever I“ on its pivotal support II3 to operate inner faceof the abutment plate 69, mounted on and movable with the reciprocatable barrel 51 of _ the counting and looking out mechanism. At the same time this inward rocking movement of the . the ball propelling gun member I1, and the ?rst main control lever II4 also moves the stop .oper ball, indicated at I25, in Figs. 2 and 3, is in- posi tion in front of ‘the gun member, after having 55 ating lever '88 which overlies an operative exten sion arm I35 of the ball stop member 83, depress been elevated to the transfer trough 18 as shown ing it from the position shown in Fig. 9 to the posi in Fig. 8. tion shown in Fig. 10 so as to deliver a ball to the ' Hence whenthe rounded handle end 58, of the cup 80. ' ball propelling gun I1, is pushed inwardly to its full extent to compress the ball propelling spring 60 -When the upper end portion I24 of the main control lever II4 isswung inwardly by the abut 63 within the gun barrel 51, and the abutment ment plate 60 of the gun barrel 51, from the nor plate 69 carried by the gun barrel engages the mal position of these parts as shown in Figs. 5 horizontal cross bar I24 of the main control lever and 9, to the extreme inner position of the lever Ill moving the upper end of the control lever inwardly about its pivotal mounting II9 against 65- II4 where the gun barrel is discharged as indi cated in both dotted lines in Fig. 5, and in full lines in Fig. 10. It will be noted that the operat 'the action of the tension spring I20,’ the lower end of the control lever H4 is moved outward ing lever 88 is now moved downwardly to con toward the inner face of the‘ panel I4 and away tact-and depress the operative extension arm I35 from the shaft II8. At this time the cam face I26'on the lower end of the main control lever 70 of the stop member 83 and thus lower its forward upturned end below the lower wall of the chute ‘__II4 engages a roller I21 journalled at the for .16 out of the path of the ball stored. therein, "wardl‘lend of the arm I28,v of the bell crank I29, "causing the bell crank torotate 'in a clockwise ‘ ' direction on the stub-shaft H8 and carrywith ’ as is the stop member 84, at that time. A swing ing stop latch I36 is pivotallymounted at I31 in its ends on one side of the body of the it a ratchet wheel I30, also mounted on the shaft, 75 ‘termed'iate dispensing means 15 so that its lower end portion I 2,41 1,789 12 the other end of the floor and operable to propel is normally held in abutment with one side of a ball along the floor, a ball magazine, means for delivering a ball from said magazine to said pro a pin I33 which projects laterally from one side pelling means, ball holding and releasing means of the‘ operative extension arm E35 by a tension spring I39, the parts being in the position shown 5 associated with the magazine and propelling in Fig. 9. When the stop operating extension means and actuated by the propelling means for I35 and its pin I38 are momentarily depressed releasing one ball from the magazine to the de livery means on-each operation of the propelling to the full extent shown in Fig. 10 by oscillation of the lever 38, the lower end of the spring biased means, and power means independent of said pro latch member I36 will be freed from engagement 10 pelling means for actuating said delivery means 7 with the side of the pin I33 so as to assume a normally vertical position immediately above the and pin re-setting mechanism upon successive operations of said power means, whereby the pin re-setting mechanism may be operated to reset and thus prevent‘return of the ball stop mem-' ber 83 with the lever 38, such as would prevent the ‘pins after a strike without delivering a ball proper dispensing of, a ball to the elevator cup 15 to said propelling means unless the ball pro 80 at this time. pelling means is again operated. ‘ When the power operating‘ mechanism A is again operated in the normal playing of the game by closing the switch 31, the elevator lever 25 2. A bowling game apparatus including an al ley floor, pin resetting mechanism, ball propelling means, a ball magazine having means for dis and its ball cup 80 will again rise to the position 2Q pensing balls therefrom, means for delivering shown in Fig. 8 to deliver a ball to the track balls from said magazine to said propelling means, portion ‘I9 of the gun carriage l6. Duringv this power means common to the pin resetting mech-‘ time however ‘the spring biased ball stop mem anism and ball delivery means, said power means ber 34 will quickly rise following r being operative upon each cycle of operation movement of the cup 80 and prevent the escape 2" thereof to actuate the ball delivery means and of balls from the open end of the chute. As the operative upon alternate cycles of movement of the lever 25 approaches the cupped end 80 thereof to actuate the pin resetting mechanism, upper end of ball trackway 'I'I it will be caused and means operated by the propelling means for to engage the inwardly curved upper end portion dispensing balls from the magazine to the deliv I" of the latch member I36, swinging the latch ery means upon the completion of a cycle of op - member on its pivotal mounting I31 and against 30 eration of the delivering means. the action of the spring I39 so that its lower end 3. A bowling game apparatus including .pin re will again free the pin I38 and allow the ball stop, ' setting mechanism, ball propelling means, means member 33 to rise and prevent delivery of the next 35 for returning and delivering balls from the re ball held on by the stop member 34 when the cup member 80 again returns to the lower end of the trackway ‘ll. ‘ ' Hence if a strike is made by the ?rst ball pro pelled down the alley I5 in any game, repeated operations of the switch 31 and consequent eleva tion and lowering movements of the elevator and its ball cup 80, without actuation of the propell setting mechanism to'the propelling means, pow er means common to said mechanism and second means, means associated with and operative upon successive operations of said ?rst two means for 40 delivering balls to said propelling‘ means, and means operable upon predetermined successive operations of said first two means for preventing further operation bythe power means. ing means against the action of the return spring 4. A bowling game apparatus comprising an I“ , will merely result in the resetting of the pins I3 upon the alley without delivering a further 4 alley ?oor, pin resetting mechanism adjacent one end of the floor, ball propelling means adjacent ball to the gun carriage. the other end of the floor, a ball return magazine From the foregoing it will be understood that > a player or, operator of the apparatus upon un extending from a point adjacent the pin resetting mechanism to ya point adjacent and below the otherwise, ‘may have made available to’ him a 50 propelling means, means associated with the, magazine and ball propelling means for releasing number of balls, for example ten balls. For each returned balls from the magazine upon operation two pin set ups, one of the available ten balls of the propelling means, means normally posi will be made ready' for propulsion by the ap tioned adjacent the releasing means for suc paratus as above explained so that the game may cessively receiving a ball and delivering same to be divided into ?ve frames of two balls per frame locking of same for play by insertion of a coin or ' ‘ said propelling means, power means including a except when a strike is made in one frame and 55 rotatable shaft, and means cooperating with the shaft for operating said receiving and delivering means twice and said pin resetting mechanism player may effect as many pin'set ups as desired, ‘so once upon each complete rotation thereof. then only one ball will be delivered for that frame as above explained. Though the operator or - Upon completion of five frames during which the ten balls have been propelled down the alley the apparatus automatically locks itself until another coin is inserted or the machine otherwise , 5. A bowling game apparatus ‘comprising an alley floor, pin resetting mechanism adjacent one end of the floor, ball propelling means adjacent the other end of the floor, a ball return maga unlocked for play. The number of balls made 55 zine having _a' discharge opening adjacent and below the propelling means, ball returning and available to the player may be modified and also releasing means supported bysaid magazine ad the number of frames to the game may be varied jacent the discharge opening‘ thereof, means for without departing from the invention. For ex delivering balls to, said. propelling means when ample the apparatus may be readily redesigned to offer 30 balls to the player and the game com 70 released from said magazine, a control lever op erable by said propelling means, power means for prise ten frames of three balls per frame to be actuating said ball delivering means and saidv played with one set up per frame. What is claimed is: _ 1. A bowling game apparatus including an al pin resetting mechanism, and means movable with said control lever and ball delivering means ley ?oor, pin re-setting mechanism adjacent one ‘75 for successive operation of said ball release end 'of the ?oor, ball propelling means adjacent 3,411,789 . 13 14 means for effecting release of a ball from ‘the magazine and to said delivering means. 6. A- bowling gamev apparatus according to ‘a ball holding and dispensing means connected with t.‘ e magazine and including a .chute com claim 5, wherein said‘propelling means includes 'municating with said magazine, said ball holding ' a carriage, having ball retaining means thereon, and means operable by the control lever for re mally retaining balls in the chute, an arcuate - and dispensing means including arms for nor _ trackway carried by said ball holding and dis-, pensing means, ball propelling means abovesaid holding and dispensing means and including'a leasing said retaining meansimmediately pre ceding the propulsion of the‘ ball. _ 7. ‘A bowling game , apparatus according to carriage having ball positioning means, a ball de livering means'including a cupped member mov claim 5, together with a rotatable counting and locking wheel, means jointly operable by the con-i trol lever and ball delivery means for rotating able, along said trackway between the discharge end of said chute and said ball positioning means, power means for operating said delivering means, and means sequentially operable by said deliver-‘ said wheel in successive steps, and means con trolled by said' wheel for rendering said power means inoperative and for lockingsaid control ing means and propelling means for actuating lever in inoperative position after a predetermined number of successive operations of said ball de said movable arms for successive delivery of balls from‘said chute to said delivering meansr livering means and control lever. .5, _ 13. A bowling game apparatus according to 8. A bowling game apparatus according to claim ' wherein said ball release means comprises a 20 claim 12, together with a spring biased latching member normally holding one of the said mov pair of pivotally mounted arms having upturned able arms in ball releasing position, said latching free ends normally maintained in slots in the bot tom wall of the magazine at its discharge open ing, springs connected with said arms for yield member having a curved end portion engageable by said cupped member upon delivery of a ball . to said positioning means for- releasing said one ably maintaining them in ball blocking positions, of said arms for movement to ball retaining po and means carried by the arms for engagement sitionvunder the action of spring means connected by said means movable with said control and said ball delivering means. therewith. ‘ ‘ ‘ 14. A bowling game apparatus comprising an 9. In a game apparatus including an alley floor alley ?oor, a pin resetting mechanism adjacent with means 'at the rear end thereof for support 30 the rear end of the ?oor, a ball return magazine ing a plurality of pins and a ball return trough extending from a point adjacent the pin re adjacent the alley floor, a ball projector at the setting mechanism to a point adjacent and be forward end of the alley, supporting means for the projector comprising a carriage, \means mounting the carriage for sliding movement transversely of the alley ?oor and adjacent the ‘ forward end thereof, means pivotally connect ing the ball projector to the carriage so that it may be swung laterally with respect to the car-v ~ rlage about the pivotal connection therewith, and 40 means for? delivering a ball fromv said trough to projecting supported position on said carriage vertically above said pivotal connection in all slidable positions of said carriage. low the front end of the ?oor, ball holding and dispensing means adjacent the ‘front end of the magazine, ball propelling means adjacent the front cad of the ‘floor and above said ball hold ing and dispensing means, ball delivery means for successively delivering balls. from the ball holding and dispensing means to the ball pro pelling means, switch controlled power means for jointly operating said pin resetting mecha nism and said ball delivering means, a control. lever associated with said ball holding and dis- . - 10. In a game'apparatus according to claim 9, 45 pensing means and propelling means and voper able by said ball propelling means, means to de- ' together with a shaft rotatably supported below liver 9. ball to the ball delivery means for nor said projector, a manipulating member on’ said shaft, and a, link connectionvbetween said shaft and said carriage for imparting slidingmovement thereto upon rotation of the shaft through ma nipulation of said member. ' . mally lockingsaid control lever in vinoperative position with the switch for said power means open, and manually controlled means operative 50 on said locking means for simultaneously ren dering said control lever operative and closing 11. In a game apparatus including a bowling the switch for operation of said power means. alley ?oor, ball'propelling and directing means 15. A bowling game apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said ball propelling means adapted to be vertically arranged on the ?oor 65 comprises a carriage having ball positioning adjacent the opposite end thereof, means ex~ adjacent one end of the floor, a plurality of pins‘ means thereon, and means carried by said con tending longitudinally of the alley for returning trol lever for releasing said ball positioning balls from one end thereof to the other, means for laterally and angularly adjusting the direc tion of the ball directing means with respect to 60 the pins, means associated with the ball return , means and propelling means for delivering a ball to said directing means in all of its laterally and angularly adjusted positions, power means under the control of an operator for resetting said pins and concurrently operating said last mentioned means to deliver a, ball to the directing means from the returning means, and means associated with said returningv means, delivery means and -- propelling means for delivering a ball from the re/tuming means to the delivery means uponac tuation of the propelling means. 12-. A bowling game apparatus comprising an alley ?oor, a ball return magazine having a dis means upon movement of said control lever by said ball propelling means. 16. A bowling game apparatus according to ‘ ‘claim 14 wherein said locking means comprises a counting wheel jointly operative by said con --'trol lever and said ball delivering mean-s,‘ uni‘ formly spaced notches in said wheel, ‘a two armed lever, one arm of which is provided with a pin for engagement in .one of said notches in ,he locked position of said control lever, a pin carried by said control lever and engageable by. a shoulder on said one lever arm when in locked position, a second pin on saidv one lever arm, a swingable manuallyelevated unlocking member _ having a, shoulder engageable with said last pin for lifting said ?rst pin out'of a notch thereby charge end adjacent the forward end of the ?oor, 76 releasing the pin on the control lever from en gagement with the shoulder .on said one lever ' 2,41 1,789 arm, the other arm of said two armedl lever being operative to close said power means switch by said swingable upon release, of said ?rst arm control member. ' , . 17. A bowlingv game apparatus according to claim 14 wherein said power means comprises a motor driven shaft, 3, single lobe cam on one end of the shaft, a double lobe cam on the other end of the shaft, driving connections respec tively operable by said cams and connected with said pin resetting mechanism ‘and said ball de 16v means, means operatively connected between said propelling means and said ball delivering means and operative in response to operation of said propelling means to control the operation of said‘ delivering means, and means operatively connected between said ball propelling means and said control circuit and operative in re sponse to a predetermined number of ball pro pelling operations to terminate the playable con 10 dition of said ap‘paratus’by rendering said con livering means, a relay controlled drive between said motor and shaft, and cams on said shaft alternately operate on switches for synchronizing trol circuit inoperative. - 20. In a bowling game apparatus including a bowling alley floor, means operative to condition . said apparatus for play including a control cir cuit, a plurality of bowling pins adapted to be the operations of the motor relay and a main 15 vertically arranged on the ?oor adjacent one end thereof, electrically operated pin setting mecha motor control switch. 18. A bowling game apparatus according to nism constructed and arranged to set said pins in vertical arrangement ‘and in a geometrical claim 14, wherein said ball propelling means comprises a laterally movable ball receiving car pattern on said floor, ball propelling means ad 20 riage, and a linearly movable ball projector hav jacent the opposite end of said ?oor and operable to propel a ball along said floor toward said ing a vertical pivotal connection with the car riage for projection of a ball laterally of or at pins, electrically operated means to deliver balls an angle to the longitudinal center of said alley one at a time to said propelling means, means operatively connected between said propelling ?oor. 19. In a bowling game apparatus including a 25 means and said ball delivering means and operay bowling alley ?oor, means operative to condition‘ said apparatus for play including a control cir tive in response to operation of said propelling means to control the operation of said deliver ing means, and means operatively connected cuit,\a plurality of bowling pins adapted to be vertically arranged on the floor adjacent one end thereof, pin setting mechanism constructed and arranged to set said pins in vertical arrangement and in a geometrical pattern on said propelling means adjacent the opposite end of said floor and operable to propel a ball'along said floor toward said pins, means operative to 35 deliver balls one ate time to said propelling between said ball propelling means and said con 30 trol circuit and operative in response to a predel of ball propelling operations termined number playable condition ofv said ap- to terminate the paratus by rendering said control circuit in--v operative. CHARLES W.‘ HARTWIG.