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Патент USA US2411830

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NOV. 26, 1946.
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Q P_ KRUPP ~ v
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2,411,830
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
Filed Dec. 13, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheét 1
JZ'YL/EEEL
' [5550/] PM?
Nov. ‘26, 1946.
‘
c. P. KRUPP
fROTECTIVE CLOTHING
’ Filed Dec. 13, 1943
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2,411,830
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2 sheets-sheet 2
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MEL
_ CEEEUZ/ fif-EZJPP
2,411,830
Patented‘ Nov. 26, 1946
UFJlTED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE
2,411,830
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PROTECTIVE CLOTHING '
Carroll
Krupp, Akron, Ohio, assignor to The
B. F. Goodrich Company, New Xork, N. Y., a
corporation oi New York
Application December 1a, 1943, Serial No. 514,007
9 Claims.
(Cl. 2-82)
1
ing ?otation suits.
2
Fig. 8 is a section taken along line lie-e8 oi
This, invention relates to protective clothing
and especiallyto suits of water-tight construction
substantially enclosing the wearer’s body, includ
7, parts being broken away.
>
In the illustrative form of the invention shown
in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, the ?otation suit, hav
1
ing an opening for accommodating the neck of
The invention is useful especially in the con
the wearer is 7made of ?exible material such, for >
struction of water-tight suits such, for example,
as may be used for fording streams or by mari
ners immersed in the ocean during an emergency.
Also, the invention is applicable in many of its
features to other forms of protective clothing such 10
as sleeping bags, sports clothing, and other com
plete or partial body coverings.
Principal objects of the invention are to provide
clothing effectively protecting the wearer’s body
againstobjectionable exposure; to provide water
tightness of the clothing; to provide convenience
. of donning and do?ing the clothing; to provide
for sealing an opening in the clothing; to pro
vide for admitting a portion of the wearer's body
example, as fabric textile material having a sub
stantially impervious coating or impregnation of
resilient' rubber or other rubber-like material,
which ?exible material possesses the desired chars
acteristics of relatively light-weight, strength,
and water-tightness. The suit ‘preferably sub.
stantially encloses the wearer’s body and com
prises a torso covering ‘ID, arm coverings H and
l2 and leg coverings, and may include ahead
piece Hi, all of such parts being united at adja
cent margins as by sewing, or a suitable adhesive
such, for example, as rubber‘ cement, or both.
The headpiece I3 may have a fullness at the nape
into the clothing; and to provide simplicity of 20 of the wearer’s neck for facilitating head move
ment.- Gloves and boots may also be provided and
construction, convenience of manufacture, and
similarly united with the arm and leg coverings
convenience and effectivenss of operation.
for protecting the hands and the feet of the
' Other objects of the invention are to provide
comfort to the wearer; to providefor sealing a
neck opening in the clothing in a relatively com
wearer.
torso covering ill in the upper reaches of
2.5,itsThe
continuously
extending front portion may have
fortable manner to the wearer; andto provide
considerable
fullness
at 14, like a has 01? pouch,
for conveniently adjusting and maintaining the
clothing positioned at the neck of the wearer in
sealing relation therewith. .
for de?ning the relatively large extent of the
neck opening and» sealing arrangement which fa
I
admitting the wearer’s body therethrough
These and other objects and advantages of 30 cilitates
and conveniently donning and dofllng the suit.
the invention will be apparent from the follow
Such fullness of the torso covering also facilie
ing description.
,
tates including auxiliary flotation apparatus and
'In the accompanying drawings, which form
other articles within the Suit which the wearer
a part of the speci?cation and in which like
' may desire to pro-tect'against the water.
numerals are employed to designate like parts 35 _ The neck opening and sealing arrangement in
throughout the same,
cludes, as shown especially in Figs. 1 to 4}, a sub
Fig. 1 is a side view of a ?otation‘ suit includ
stantially solid or non-in?atable sealing pad or
ing a headpiece, and constructed in accordance
strip element l5 of relatively soft, compressible
with and embodying the invention, parts being
and yieidable material such, for example, as resil
broken away,
'
Fig. 2 is a front view of the suit showing a neck
opening and sealing arrangement in the open
condition, parts being broken away,
‘Fig. 3 is a section taken along line 3—-2 of
Fig. 2,
.
Fig. 4 is a section taken along line 4—-4 of
Fig. 1,
Fig. 5 is a view like Fig. 1 showing a modi?ed
construction of the suit, parts being broken away,
Fig. 6 is a section taken along line 6--6 of
Fig.5,
.
,
,
‘
Fig. 7 is a view from above, the suit showing
the modi?ed neck opening and‘sealing arrange
ment in the open condition. parts being broken
away, and
1 "
.
.
ient, sponge rubber or other rubber-l1kematerial
having cushioning characteristics by virtue of its
resiliency,'the p'ad element I5 having desirably a
substantially impervious, relatively smooth coat
ing or covering of suitable resilient rubber-like
material for preventing absorption of water and
such element is‘constructed so that‘it presents a
uniform,"no_n_-deviou's inner sealing face to the
wearer’s neck.’ The pad element 15 including
ends l6 and I‘! may be molded and vul
5.0 tapered
canized in the form of a split annular ring of
su?icient extent to completely embrace the neck,
and the tapered ends it and I‘! are in overlapping
relationship with one another forthe closed con
55 dition of such neck opening arrangement.
3
2,411,830
For positioning the pad element l5 for effective
sealing action, such element is mounted at the
inside of a margin 58 of the opening and may be
attached partially along its extent to such mar
gin at the back of the torso covering Ill as by a
suitable adhesive. The margin 88 comprises a
folded strip or ?attened tube 26 of suitable sub
stantially water-tight, ?exible fabric textile, ma
4
relatively thick pad element as compared to the
?exible margin l8 accommodates variations in
tautness of the draw-string 2! without substan
tial discomfort to the wearer.
In do?ing the suit the tautness of the draw
string is released by operation of the clamping
member 22 permitting the tube 29 to be extended
from its puckered condition until the neck open
terial extending continuously about the opening
ing arrangement is in the open condition, as
and attached as by sewing, or a suitable adhesive, 10 shown especially in Fig. 2. The headpiece and
or both along its lower marginal portion 24 to
pad element are removed from the head and neck,
a margin [9 of the opening in the torso cover
‘.‘respectively, and the wearer’s body withdrawn
ing. The material of the ?attened tube 20 may be
through the neck opening.
more ?exible and lighter in weight than that of
, For the modi?ed construction of the suit shown
the torso covering to facilitate puckering into a 15 in Figs.‘ 5 to S,‘ inclusive, the neck opening and
multiplicity of relatively small, closely contacting,
sealing arrangement includes a substantially solid
?at folds positionable against the pad element.
or non-in?atable sealing pad element 25 disposed
A flexible draw-string 2'! of braided linen cord, ‘
at the back of the opening and a second sub
for example, is disposed within the ?attened tube
stantially solid or non-in?atable sealing pad ele
20, as shown especially in Figs. 3 and 4. The end 20 ment 25 at the front thereof, the respective pad
portions of the draw-string 2| extend through an
elements being of suitable resilient, sponge rub
aperture in the tube 20 at the front of the torso
ber-like material having cushioning characteris
covering and desirably extend through a suitable
tics and having a suitable impervious coating or
quick-release clamping member 22 whereby the
covering.
_
tube 26 may be puckered substantially along its 25
The sealing pad element 25 including tapered
extent by tautening the draw-string to obtain
ends 21 and 23 partially embraces the wearer’s
the closed condition of the neck opening arrange
neck and may be mounted within a back portion
ment and to deform and retain the pad element at
29 of a folded strip or ?attened tube 39 of suitable
and about the wearer’s neck in a cushioning man
nor for sealing relation therewith. Other means
such, for example, as a strap and fastener may be
used to retain the pad‘ element in its closed con
dition at the neck and to coact substantially in
~ the manner of the draw-string 2i within the tube
, ?exible, substantially water-tight, fabric textile
material, the tube 30 extending about the neck
opening and being attached as by sewing, or a
suitable adhesive, or both along its lower mar
ginal portion 3! to the margin 19 of the opening
in the torso covering H]. The second pad element
20 in applying continuity of external compressive 35 25 including tapered ends 33 and 34, which ele
force to the pad element along the extent of the
ment may be arcuate in form to facilitate its con
latter.
forming to the contour of the neck, is attached
For further protecting the wearer the headpiece
partially to a front portion 32 of the tube 30, and
l3 may be attached along its lower margin 23 to
is constructed and arranged to embrace the re!
the torso covering and preferably at the outside
40 mainder of the neck. The tapered ends 33 and
of the neck opening arrangement, which con
34 cooperate with the adjacent tapered ends 21
struction promotes additional sealing at the open- .
and 28 by an overlapping relation therewith to
ing while permitting such neck opening arrange
complete the sealing encirclement of the neck by
ment to be in its closed condition whether or not
the pad elements 25 and 26, as shown especially
the headpiece be mounted on the wearer’s head.
The margin of the opening in the headpiece is 45
adapted to conform to the contour of the face and
neck and to ?t snugly thereagainst when the
headpiece is mounted on the head.
In donning the ?otation suit and having the
neck opening arrangement in the open condition, 50
the wearer’s body is inserted feet ?rst through
in Figs. 5' and 6.
'
The pad element 26 may include ?ared or
curved projecting portions 35 and 36 along the
tapered ends 33 and 34 for conforming to the
contour of the lower jaw of the wearer to promote
additional sealing by the neck opening arrange
ment. For facilitating positioning the. pad ele
ment 25 against the wearer’s neck for coacting
with the other pad element 25, the pad element
the neck opening. When the legs, arms and torso
are positioned within the suit, the sealing pad
26 may be provided with a relatively narrow, ar
element [5 is arranged about the neck such that
the tapered ends [6 and I7 are in overlapping 55 cuate band portion 3'! of suitable resilient rubber
relation, and next the headpiece may be mounted
like material interconnecting the tapered ends 33
and 34 whereby such pad element becomes sub
stantially annular in form, as shown especially
the neck opening arrangement, the draw-string
in Fig. 7, and de?nes an opening 38 for receiving.
2! is tautened by pulling its end portions through
the clamping member 22 thereby puckering the 60 the neck.
The draw-string 2i is disposed within the ?at
tube 20 and positioning the latter against the pad
tened tube 30 and is arranged to press against the
element I5 in sealing relation therewith. The
back of the pad element 25. End portions of the
draw-string is tautened to an extent such thatit
draw-string extend through an aperture at the
is embedded partially in the ,yieldable material
of the pad element and such that the pad element 65 front portion 32 of the tube and may extend
through the clamping member 22 to facilitate
I5 is maintained in a cushioning manneratthe
tautening the drawstring for positioning the pad
wearer’s neck adjacent the jaw without undue
pressureagainst the neck, the material ofvthe
elements 25 and 25 in coacting sealing relation
at the neck.
pad element presenting a uniform, non-devious
sealing face to the neck. By virtue of; the yield 70 In donning the modi?ed suit and having the
ability and resiliency of the sponge’ rubber ma
neck opening arrangement in the open condition,
terial, the pad element fits snugly about and con
the wearer’s body is inserted feet ?rst through
forms uniformly throughout its extentto the con
the opening and positioned within the suit. The
tour of the wearer’s neck whereby continuity of .. head is inserted through the opening 38 in the
cushioning and sealing action is obtained. The 75 annular pad element 26, and such element in
on the head. To obtain the closed condition of
2,411,830
5
cluding the curved projecting portions 35 and / 36
is disposed adjacent the lower jaw, the band por
tion 31 being me slightly tensioned condition and
extendingiabo'ur the back of the 'neck thereby fa
. cilitatingjmaintaining the pad element V2% in posi-v
tion for‘coacting'withthe other pad element 25.
The draw-string ‘2| isjtautened thereby pucker
6
spon'gé‘i r'ubberllike material- and partially ‘at; ‘
tached atsaid margin at the region of the back
of said neck for embracing the latter leaving for-'
ward ' portions including said tapered ends of
said Ipad element unattached to said margin so
as'to be freely adjustable with respect thereto,
said tapered ends being positionable in overlap
ping‘ sealing relationwith one another, said rub
her-like material presenting anv inner sealing
ofthe rubber-like material to said neck, and
mediate the tapered ends Zland 23 of the pad 10 face
means for positioning said pad element at said
element 25 and positioning such tube against the
neck in sealing relation therewith.
front'pad element 26 in sealing relation there
5. Protective clothing having an opening for
with. Tautening the draw-string also positions
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
the tapered ends 21 and 28, 33 and 34 of the pad
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of
elements 25 and 26 in overlapping sealing relation 15 ?exible fabric material including a front portion
and maintains such elements in a cushioning
and a back portion, a sealing pad element in-_
manner about the neck without objectionable
eluding tapered endsand attached at the inside
pressure against the neck whereby a circumfer
of said back portion for partially embracing said
entially uniform, non-devious sealing face is pre-‘
neck, a second sealing pad element including ta
sented to the neck for the closed condition of the 20 pered ends and partially attached at the inside
arrangement. The sealing face of the pad ele
of said front portion with the latter said tapered
ments conforms to the contour of the neck by vir
ends extending rearwardly unattached to said
tue of the yieldability and resiliency of the rubber
margin so as to be freely adjustable with respect
material. If desired, the ‘headpiece l3 may be
thereto for embracing the remainder of the neck,
mounted on the wearer’s head for further protec 25 said tapered ends of the ?rst said pad element
being positionable in overlapping sealing rela
The modi?ed suit may be doifed conveniently
tion with ‘said tapered ends of said second pad
by removing the headpiece from the head and re
element, the pad elements, comprising relatively
leasing the tautness of the draw-string such that
the neck opening arrangement may be returned 30 resilient sponge rubber-like material presenting
an inner sealing face of the sponge rubber-like
to the open condition.‘ The pad element Ziiis
material to the neck, and means for positioning
slipped over the head and the wearer’s body with
said pad elements at the neck of the wearer in
drawn through the opening from the suit.
sealing relation therewith.
Variations may be made without departing
6. Protective clothing having an opening for
35
from the scope of the invention as it is de?ned
ing the ?atteriedtub’e‘ 30 into a multiplicity of
closely contacting ?atfolds along its extent inter
tion.
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accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of
?exible fabric material including a front portion
1. Protective clothing having an opening for
and a back portion, sealing pad elements at
accommodating the wearer, said clothing at the
opening comprising a margin of flexible material 40 tached at the inside of said front portion and said
back portion, a margin of a pad element being
and a sealing pad element partially attached to
unattached to said margin of said opening so
said margin leaving a portion of said pad ele
as to be freely adjustable with respect thereto
ment unattached to said margin so as to be freely
and tapering to provide a sealing surface cooper
adjustable with respect thereto, said pad element
able with the other pad element for sealing rela
comprising a strip of relatively yieldable material
in the following claims.
I
claim:
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tion therewith, said pad elements comprising
relatively soft compressible material presenting
presenting an inner sealing face of the yieldable
material to the wearer.
2. Protective clothing having an opening for
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
an inner sealing face of said compressible ma
terial to the neck, and means for positioning said
pad elements at the neck of the wearer in sealing
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of
?exible material and a sealing pad element par
tially attached at the inside of said margin leav
ing a portion of said pad‘ element unattached to
said margin so as to be freely adjustable with re
, spect thereto, said pad element comprising resil
relation therewith.
.
7. Protective clothing having an opening for
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
clothing at the opening comprising a marginof
55 flexible material including a front portion of said '
ient material relatively thick as compared to the
?exible material of said margin, said resilient ma
terial presenting a uniform non-devious sealing
face of the resilient material to said neck.
3. Protective clothing having an opening for
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of
material positionable about the neck of the
wearer, and a sealing, pad element at the inside
of said margin unattached to said margin
throughout the major part of the extent of said
pad‘ element so as to be adjustable with respect
to said margin and conformable to said neck, said
pad element comprising resilient material rela- .
?exible material, and a sealing pad element of rel
tively thick as compared to the ?exible material
atively yieldable material at said margin embrac
of said margin, and said resilient material pre
ing said neck and positionable adjacent the lower 65 senting a substantially uniform non-devious seal
jaw of the wearer, said pad element including op
‘ing face of the resilient material to the neck of
posite upwardly flared portions being constructed
and arranged to conform to the contour of said
jaw, said yieldable material presenting an inner >
sealing face of the yieldable material to said neck. 70
4. Protective clothing having an opening for
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said '
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of
flexible fabric material, a sealing pad element
including tapered ends of relatively resilient 75
the wearer,
8. Protective clothing having an opening for
accommodating the neck of the wearer, said
clothing at the opening comprising a margin of'
?exible material including avfront portion of said
material havingsubstantial fullness and con
tractible into a multiplicity of closely contacting
folds positionable about the neck ofthe wearer,
2,411,830
a sealing pad element at the inside of said mar
gin unattached to said margin throughout the
major part of the extent of said pad element so
as to be adjustable with respect to said margin
and conformable to said neck, said pad element
comprising resilient sponge rubber-like material
relatively thick as compared to the ?exible ma
terial of said margin, said sponge rubber-like
material presenting a substantially uniform non
8
devious sealing face of the sponge rubber-like
material to the neck of the wearer.
9‘ Protective clothing as de?ned in claim 8 in
which said sealing face of the pad element is
relatively ?at transversely of said pad element
and is of transverse width not less than the thick
ness of said pad element providing a. substantial
sealing area at the neck of the wearer.
CARROLL P. KRUPP.
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