Патент USA US2411928код для вставки
Dec. 3, 19-46. ‘ _ G, A, LYON ' 2,411,928 WHEEL STRUCTURE Filed March 22, 1943 _ ' 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 i155 Patented 3, 1946 Y 2,411,928 - PATENT OFFICE ~ f' ' UNITED STATES 2,411,928 wmmr. s'rnuc'rmu-z George Albert Lyon, ‘Allenhurst, NJ. Application March 22,1943, Serial No. 479,981 (Cl. 301-37) C2‘ Claims. . w 1 > - nular member having a radially inner peripheral edge arranged to ; be retainingly compressed against the outer surface of the body part of the This invention relates to an improved wheel structure and is directed more particularly to an improved cover assembly therefor. One of the principal objects of this invention wheel structure by means of a central cover por is to provide for a wheel structure a multi-part 5 tion which is provided with means affording a snap-on pry-off engagement with the wheel cover assembly in which all of the thereof structure. ' > are retained upon the wheel structure by the at Still another object of the invention is to pro tachment of one of the parts thereto, certain of vide for ~a wheel structure a cover assembly in the parts being arranged to conceal the outer side of altire rim of the wheel structure and appur 10 cluding a part cooperable with the body part of tenances associated therewith and to constitute ~ ' the wheel structure for self-centering the cover assembly as it is applied axially inwardly of the in effect a continuation of the side wall of a tire wheel structure and having another part ar-_ in the wheel structure, this part being resiliently, elastically ?exible to afford flexure thereof to ' -15 render the rear side thereof accessible. Another object of the invention is to provide for a, wheel structure an annular retaining ele ment arranged to constitute the retaining means for one part of a multi-part cover assembly and to be retained to the wheel structure by another 20 part of said assembly, said annular retaining ele ranged for detachable engagement against the‘ wheel structure to maintain the cover in assem bled concentric relationship. , Still another object of the invention is to pro vide for a resiliently ?exible cover member, re taining means arranged to retainingly secure the same to a wheel structure and to ?ex with the cover member to absorb some of the ?exing or ment being constructed to also serve‘ as a cover bending movements normally imposed ‘on the member to provide ornamentation for the outer cover member itself during ?exure thereof. ‘ Many other objects and advantages of my in 25 vention will become apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings in In accordance with the general features of my which: invention, there is provided herein for a wheel side of the wheel structure with which it is asso ciated. g ‘ > , , structure, a cover assembly including an outer annular part formed from a suitable sheet mate Figure 1 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view. of a wheel structure embodying one form of my rial giving it resiliently, elastically ?exible char 30 invention; Figure 2 is a side elevation of a wheel struc acteristics such as synthetic plastic, synthetic ture constructed in accordance with Figure 1; rubber or natural rubber. or the like, and whereby the cover may be locally, resiliently ?exed so as to accommodate lateral expansion of the side wall of the tire against which it is disposed as when a load is impressed upon the wheel structure and Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of a wheel structure embodying another form of 35 my invention; - ' Figure 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view‘ of a still further modi?ed form of my invention; Figure 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of a still further modified form of my invention; stem and wheel balancing weights associated with the tire rim which is concealed thereby. This 40 and Figure 6 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view part of the cover assembly is provided with a. of the construction shown in Figure 5, the sec cross-sectional con?guration of such shape and tion of Figure 6 being taken at an angle radially magnitude that it extends over and covers the disposed from the section shown in Figure 5. outer side of the tire rim of a wheel structure and radially outwardly beyond the edge portion 45 It will be understood that the modi?cations shown herein are for illustrative purposes only of the tire rim toward the medial plane of the and may be changed or modi?ed without depart side wall of ‘a, tire therein to constitute in effect ing from the spirit and scope of the invention a continuation ofthe side wall of the tire and to give the appearance of being a part thereof and . as set forth in the appended claims. 1. extends radially inwardly of the wheel structure 50 As shown in Figure 1 the reference character Ill designates generally a multi-?ange, drop cen to a point radially inwardly of the junction of the so as to afford access to the rear side thereof for servicing appurtenances such as. the tire valve .tire rim and the ‘body partthereof, into attached ter type tire rim which is connected as by riveting engagement with an annular cover member dis posed over a portion of the outer surface of the or welding or the like through a base ?ange H to a, central ‘body part or spider I! which in body part of the wheel structure, the latter an 65 cludesa central bolt-on ?ange iii. The dropv 3,41 1,928 4 center rim I0 is further provided with opposite side ?anges I4, opposite intermediate ?anges l5 and opposite edge portions l6. A suitable tire l'l ' having an inner tube l8 and a valve stem I9 is mounted upon the rim, one of the side walls I4 having an ori?ce through which the valve stem I9 may project. . ' The body part I2 is provided with a radially expanded condition as when a load is impressed thereon, the outer peripheral edge of the cover member 20 ?exes locally to follow this expanding movement of the tire and immediately recedes to the position shown in Figure 1 as the tire re volv'es and assumes its normal cross-sectional con?guration when the load is relieved therefrom during rotation. outer ?ange |2a which is provided with radially As shown in Figure 1 the intermediate member inwardly depressed portion-s to provide circum 10 22 is annular in form and is provided at its outer ferentially spaced apertures between the body peripheral edge with a substantially axially in~ part I2 and the tire rim I0 which may be uti wardly extending marginal portion 23 terminat lized in a manner to be presently explained. ing in spaced ?ngers 24. These ?ngers are The embodiment of the invention shown in Fig adapted to overlie the radially outer surface of ure 1 includes a cover assembly comprising an 15 the depressed portions of the ?ange |2a whereby outer annulus 20, a central hub cap simulating the member is automatically centered concentri circular member 2| and an intermediate retain cally with respect to the wheel structure when ing-ornamental member 22. The cover part 20, urged substantially axially inwardly thereof with as indicated previously, may be constructed from the ?ngers 24 in registry with the circumferen an elastically, resiliently ?exible sheet material 20 tially spaced apertures between the base ?ange such as synthetic plastic, rubber, either natural ll of the tire rim l0 and the ?ange |2a. of the or synthetic, or some other substance having rub body part l2. ' _ ber-like characteristics whereby the cover portion The inner peripheral edge of the outer annu 20 may be ?exed locally away from the rim I0 lar cover member 20'ls arranged to extend sub and the side wall of thetire _to accommodate 25 stantially axially inwardly so that it may be dis lateral expansion of the tire under load bearing posed in an overlying position with respect to conditions or to afford access to the covered por the radially outer surface of the ?ange 23 of tion of the tire rim and the accessories associated the cover member 22. Preferably this assembled therewith. ‘ relationship of the members 20 and 22 is re With the cover portion so constructed it is now 30 tained by securing the cover members together feasible to ‘provide a cover with a cross-sectional by cementing or the like. con?guration of such curvature and magnitude The inner peripheral margin of the cover mem that it entirely conceals the outer part of the tire ber 22 is so arranged that it overlies a radially rim and the appurtenances such’ as a tire valve inner portion of-the outer surface of "the body and wheel weights which are associated there 35 part |2 of the wheel structure and is retained with. Such a construction‘is now feasible since the outer portion of the cover part is freely flex securely in this overlying relationship by engage ment of the radially outermost part 25 of the ible as above described. central circular hub cap member 2| when the As indicated previously and as shown in. Fig snap-on ?ange 26 with its peripheral bead 21 is ures 1 and 2, the outer peripheral edge of the 40 urged axially inwardly over radially outwardly annulus 20 extends over the edge portion I6 oi’ the tire rim to conceal the junction between the same and the tire. Under certain circumstances it is found that with such a construction the extending humps 28 formed in the outer surface of the body part |2. Preferably the intermediate body part of the annular cover 22 is transversely undulated to form corrugations _29 whereby it is peripheral edge of the annulus tends to abrade strengthened and the ornamental eifect thereof and wear the side wall of the tire during use. is augmented. Y. To the end that this may be avoided the periph From the foregoing it will be seen that the eral edge of the annulus may be arranged to be entire cover assembly is made up of the cover spaced slightly from the side wall of the tire' when parts 20, 2| and 22, the cover member 20 being secured to the wheel structure by the member at rest and when the tire is in normal uncom pressed position and furthermore the extreme 22 while the latter is in turn secured to the wheel edge thereof may be turned slightly axially out structure by the snap-on pry-off engagement of wardly as at 22a whereby a smooth curved sur-. the central hub cap 2| thereto. With such a face is presented toward the side wall of the tire. construction it will be seen that a minimum of Thus when the tire expands laterally under load 55 fastening elements are required to secure the entire cover assembly to the wheel structure and ed condition, as at the bottom portion thereof yet the entire outer side' of the wheel structure during use, the side Wall of the tire abuts this is concealed by the cover assembly provided. smooth curved surface whereby abrasion and tearing of the tire is prevented. I Furthermore the cover parts 20 and 22, when ap With such a cover construction, it will be seen 60 plied axially inwardly against the wheel structure are automatically self-centered to be disposed in that the cover member 20 instead of presenting concentric relationship thereto by means of the a sharp axially inward curve from the outer pe- ' engagement of the ?ngers 24 with the radially riphery thereof, presents a gradual curve which outer surface of the ?ange I|2a of the body part gives the eifect'of a continuation of the side wall I 2 at the 'c'ircumferentially spaced apertures in of a tire and thus the appearance of being a part the wheel structure. thereof whereby, if it is colored white, it gives As indicated previously, the tire valve I9 and the appearance of being a white side wall of the other accessories associated with the wheel rim tire. Furthermore, the cover member 20, since may be rendered accessible by ?exing the cover it extends radially outwardly beyond the edge member 20 axially outwardly from the outer portion iii of the tire rim, effectively conceals the peripheral edge thereof. As will be seen from junction between the tire rim and the tire as Figure 1, however, it is also feasible to provide well as the outer portion of the tire rim and the an ori?ce 20a in thecover member 20 whereby appurtenances associated therewith. the tire valve stem may be rendered accessible Another advantage of a tire cover so construct ed is that when the tire I‘! assumes a laterally 75 for association with the nozzle of an air hose 9,411,988 merely by locally de?ecting the same inwardly in the vicinity of the ori?ce whereby the valve ~ \ the ,cover member 30 may rest. As will be seen ‘ from Figure 3, the intermediate body part of the is caused to protrude through the tire cover. , retaining ‘annulus 3| may vbe cross-sectionally same, this being accomplished by providing an attachment for the inner peripheral margin of the cover member 3| to be formed from a trans shaped to conform to the configuration of the It will be seen from the foregoing that there is adjacent portion of the outer surface of the body provided herein a cover construction which is so part [2 of the wheel structure and thus may rest arranged that-the repeated ?exing of the cover against the same to be reinforced thereby. Fur member 20 during rotation of the wheel under thermore, if desired, the body portion ‘I2 of the 'load bearing condition will not repeatedly im wheel structure may be colored to blend with the press severe bending stresses at the inner periph ‘eralumargin thereof to' fatigue and break the 10 color scheme of the vehicle to which it is at tached thus enabling the intermediate part of parent material whereby the color e?'ect of the the cover member 20 which accommodates the spider or body part I2 is preserved and yet is ‘ curvature thereof and provides for ?exing of both the cover member and the means to which it is 16 visible from the outside of the wheel structure. As is the case, in the construction of Figure 1, attached. In this regard it will be understood that axial outward ?exing of the outer peripheral > the intermediate cover member ll may be con structed from any one of a variety of sheet mate edge of the cover member 20 will impress bending rials.. In the event that this sheet material pro strains transversely thereacross these strains be ing transmitted to the inner peripheral edge 20 vides’the aforementioned resiliently ?exible char acteristics, it will be seen that the beaded outer ' thereof, andv being likewise transmitted to the periphery 39 thereof will ?ex with the repeated ?ange 23 of the cover part 22 so that the flange ?exure of the cover member 3| during rotation 23 also bears some of- the bending stresses by of the wheel and will thus absorb much of the virtue of slight outward radial movement thereof with the inner peripheral margin of the cover 25 stress imposed upon the radially inner peripheral portion thereof. ''member. I x - ' In the construction of Figure 4 the cover as . The intermediate retaining cover member 22 may of course be constructed from any one of sembly is generally similar to that in the forms of the aforementioned resiliently ?exible mate engagement over resiliently, radially inwardly ?exible retaining clips 46 secured to the bolt-on previously described; there being an outer resili a variety of available sheet materials. If this member is constructed from metal, it is desirable 30 ently ?exible cover portion 4| provided with an ori?ce 4|a through which the tire valve stem that the metal be of such a nature that. it will i9 may be rendered accessible and having an in ‘take a highly lustrous polish thus greatly aug ner peripheral edge available for attaching rela menting the ornamentation of the wheel struc tionshipwith means for securing it to the wheel ture. On the other hand, this member may be structure. The cover assembly additionally in- ‘ constructed from material similar to that from cludes an intermediate annular ornamental-re which the ‘cover member 20 is constructed under taining member 42 and a central circular hub cap which circumstances a wide variety of hues and simulating cover portion 43, the latter being pro colors is available for' the desired ornamental vided with a snap-on ?ange 44 having a radially effect. It is also to'be noted that in the event that the cover part 22 is constructed from one 40 inwardly turned peripheral bead 45 for snap-on rials, the ?exure of the ?ange 23 thereof will be ' considerably enhanced thus to'protect the cover member‘ 20,1- particularly at the inner peripheral margin thereof from severe fatiguing and break ing strain iimposed'thereon during the ?exure thereof. ‘ ?ange I3 of the wheel structure by rivets 41 or by any other suitable means. In this construction the intermediate annular portion 42 is so arranged that the inner periph 'eral- margin thereof may be disposed in surface ' engagement withl the outer surface of that por tion of the body part [2 ofthe wheel structure the cover member 20 shown in Figure 1. Like 60 which constitutes the curved junction 48 between the radially outer portion of the bodypart l2 wise} the central circular hub cap portion 32 is In the construction shown in Figure 3 the cover member 30 is transversely ‘shaped similarly to.v provided with a snap-on ?ange 33 having a peripheral bead 34 which is adapted to be snapped over radially inwardly - extendingv humps 35 formed in the outer-surface of .the body part l2 ofthe wheel structure.‘ In this ‘construction there is provided an inter mediate retaining-ornamental annular member 3|. which, .as in Figure I is provided vwith a and the bolt or ?ange l3. ' _f The intermediate ‘annular member 42 is con figurated to provide a substantially obliquely ex tending radially outwardly, axially outwardly, disposed bead 49 terminating in a radially out .wardly curled peripheral portion 50 which affords a groove into which the radially. inner;,edge of the cover member 4| may be disposed in attach radially inner-peripheral edge adapted for-sand 60 ing engagement. In this construction the self centering of the cover parts 4| and 42 is accom wiched engagement between the radially outer plished by means of the co-engagement of the extremity 36'I of the central circular member 32 inner peripheral curved portion of the cover and the outer surface of the body part I2 of the member 42 with the curved portion 48 of the body wheel structure. The outer peripheral margin of the cover member 3| is cross-sectionallycon 65 part l2 of the wheel structure. After the fore going cover parts have been applied axially in ?gurated to provide a substantially radially out wardly overthe wheel structure, it will be seen wardly extending fold 31 which affords a bead or rib against which the radially outwardly curled > that ‘the cover member 43 is applied thereto to retain the'entire cover assembly on the wheel edge 38v of the cover member 20 may rest thus to be retained in; its assembled position. The 70 structure by axial inward movement thereof - radially outer margin of. the cover. member 3! is further: con?gurated‘ to provide a reinforcing, ornamental bead 39 whiclpif'desired, may ter minate in a. peripheral fold-back 40 against which _a vradiallyvouter portion of the outer surface of ‘ whereby the bead 45 overrides the radially out wardly extending hump 5| on the clips 46 thereby bringing the radially outermost extremity 52 over the cover member 43 into pressure engagement toward the body part l2 with the inner peripheral 2,411,928 8 margin of the cover member 42 sandwiched therebetween. . termediate cover 54, if the latter is constructed of a su?iciently resilient material, will be ?exed as by radial outward movement of the flange 53 and ?ngers 50 when the‘cover member 53 is When the cover member 4| of the construction of Figure 4 is ?exed'outwardly as by lateral ex pansion of the tire or for obtaining access to the rear surface thereof, it will be understood that in the event that the cover member 42 is constructed, ulation of the edge 22 thereof or under the in?u ence of, lateral expansion of the tire under load from a resiliently ?exible material such as a syn bearing condition. ?exed substantially axially outwardly by manip thetic plastic or rubber, the latter member will In Figure 6 the manner of the engagement of ?ex about the head 49 thus to absorb some of the 10 the fingers 64 with the ?ange 52 of the cover part bending stresses which would normally be im-' 54 will be clearly seen. This section is taken on posed upon the cover member 4| and thus fatigue a plane extending through the space between and break the same. the ?ngers-60 of the cover member 54 and it will In the construction disclosed in Figures 5 and‘ be seen that the ?ngers or lips 64 are formed to 6 the cover assembly is similar to those shown in 15 encompass the peripheral edge of the ?ange 5-2 Figures 1 to 4 and this construction differs there of the cover member 54 and so as to be disposed from principally in the manner of the connection in supporting surface engagement with the ad between the outer annular cover portion 53 and jacent portion of the outer surface of the body the intermediate, ornamental retaining cover part l2 of the wheel structure. part 54. In this construction, as in those previ 20 Another important aspect of my invention at ously described the outer peripheral edge of the» tending the utilization of an intermediate orna cover portion 53 may extend radially outwardly mental retaining annulus, as a part of the wheel beyond the edge portion I6 of the tire rim thus to cover assembly of the type shown herein, is that conceal the junction between the tire and the rim the disposal of the inner peripheral margin while the radially inner peripheral portion of the 25 thereof between the central hub cap member member 54 may extend radially inwardly sum and the adjacent portion of the outer surface of ciently far so that it is held in sandwiched rela the body part l2 of the wheel structure provides tionship between the outer surface of the body in effect a resilient cushion or gasket which ef ' part l2 of the wheel ‘structure and theradially fectively serves to prevent the development of outermost extremity 55 of the central hub cap 30 vibratory action between the parts and the re member 56. Here also the hub cap member 56 sulting rattling thereof, this cushion serving also is' provided with a substantially axially inwardly as a take-up member to prevent the develop extending snap-on ?ange 51 terminating in an ment of play between the parts which results outwardly curled peripheral bead 58 which is ar when the otherwise adjacent parts take a set in ranged for snap-on engagement over humps 59 35 their assembled relationship. . ' extending radially inwardly from the surface of From the foregoing it will be seen that ther the body part l2 ‘of the wheel structure. is provided herein a cover assembly including a The construction of Figure 5, as the construc part extending over the outer side of the side wall ‘ tion of Figure 1, is arranged to cooperate with of a tire in the wheel structure and thus being the circumferentially spaced apertures between 40 subjected to repeated and rapid axially outward the radially inner surface of the base ?ange ll ?exure during rotation of the wheel, and a part of the tire rim l0 and the-radially outer surface for securing the same to the wheel structure . of the ?ange l2a of_the body part I! to afford the which may be constructed with a degree of re aforementioned self-centering action for the siliency, su?‘icient to permit it to absorb some of cover parts 53 and 54. In this construction the 45 the ?exing movement ‘of the ?rst named member cover part ‘54 is provided at the radially outer pe thereby‘ to relieve the latter, this absorption of ripheral edge thereof with substantially axially the ?exing movement being accomplished by ra inwardly extending ?ngers 50 which may be bent dial outward movement of the self-centering radially outwardly at their terminal parts as ?ngers in the constructions of Figures 1 and 5 shown at 6|. The ?ngers 60 extend from a sub 50 and radial inward movement of the beaded por stantially axially disposed ?ange 52 on the cover tions in the constructions of Figures 3 and 4. part 54, this ?ange 62 being adapted to receive What I claim is: ‘ - a similar ?ange 53 of the cover member 53 in sur face engagement. As will be seen from Figure 5 1. In a-wheel structure including a wheel hav ing a tire rim and a body part with a depressed the ?ange 63 of the cover member 53 is provided 65 central‘ portion provided with cover retaining at its peripheral edge with obliquely disposed ra means, a wheel cover retaining annulus extend-v dially inwardly, axially outwardly extending ?n ing substantially radially along the body part gers 64 which are adapted to interlock with the ‘and having an inner margin engaging the body edge of the ?ange 62 of the cover member 54 'part adjacent to said retaining means, a member when registered with the spaces between the ?n 60 “engaging said cover retaining means and clamp gers 60 thereof. Thus there is provided a secure me said inner margin of said retaining annulus interlocking engagement between the cover mem to the body part, said retaining annulus ha ing bers 63 and 54, the cover member 54 being in turn an outer ?exible marginal portion extending in securely retained upon the wheel structure by en a generally axial direction away from said body gagement of the portion 55 of the central hub cap part and de?ning avlgener'ally radially outwardly 55 when the latter is secured to the wheel struc facing cover seat, and an annular wheel cover ture in snap-on pry-off relationship by means of of resiliently de?ectable material disposed over the bead 58 and humps 59. the outer side of the tire rim and having a ra In this construction, as in those previously de dially and axially inwardly extending inner mar scribed, the outer peripheral edge of the cover 70 gin disposed in face-to-face abutment with said portion 53 may be provided .with an outwardly seat and retained thereby on the wheel. extending ?ange 22a to present a spaced curved 2. In a wheel structure including a tire rim and surface opposite the side wall of the tire. Also, a body part constructed. and related to provide as_ in the construction shown in Figures 1 to 4, circumferentially spaced openings therebetween, . the outer peripheral marginal portion of the in 75 a cover. retaining annulus extending substantially , I 2,411,928 9 radially outwardly from engagement with a cen tral portion of the body part and diverging in an. ' axially outward direction from the body part to lie in spaced relation to the body part and hav ing a ?exible outer margin turned axially in wardly from the spaced portion thereof toward engagement with the bodypart at the radially 10 substantially coaxial relation to the wheel but being freely movable radially outwardly away from the body part upon ?exure of said turned margin, and an- annular wheel cover of resiliently de?ectable material disposed over the outer side of the tire rim and having a radially and axially‘ inwardly extending inner margin secured in face to-face abutment to said turned margin of the inner side of said wheel openings, said ?exible margin having axially , inwardly extending 16 retaining annulus serving as a seattherefor. ?ngers engaging the body part within said open ings for maintaining the retaining annulus in ' GEORGE ALBERT LYON.