Патент USA US2411944код для вставки
Dec. 3, 1946'. ' E. G. STONE ‘ 4 ‘LIVESTOCK MARKING 2,411,944 TOOL Filed ‘Nov. 21,, 1944 I lnve'ntof: Ernest 6. Stan WJM/ ' Att’orne]. " 2,411,944 Patented Dec. 3, 1946 UNITED STATES‘ PATENT OFFICE=~ _ ' 2,411,944 ' i ‘ LIVESTOCK MARKING 'roon Ernest G. Stone, Denver, 0010. Application November 21, 1944, Serial No. 564,422 10 Claims‘. (01. 128-_-316) 1 2 This invention relates to tools and devices such as are commonly employed for the ear-marking connected, as at E2, to provide spacedly-opposed, relatively-longer handle portions 13 adapted for of live stock, particularly cattle, and has as an ' spacedly-opposed, relatively-shorter jaw portions manual actuation at one ‘end of the tool and object to provide an improved such tool. M at the other end of the tool adapted to em A further object of the invention is to provide an improved live stock marking tool of ear-punc turing type. - I A further object of the invention is to provide an improved combination with an ear-puncturing live stock marking tool of means automatically operable as an incident of tool manipulation to facilitate removal of the tool from marking en gagement with an animal. A further object of the invention is to provide an improved combination with an ear-punctur ing live stock marking tool of means automati cally operable as an incident of tool manipulation to facilitate retraction of'tool marking elements from penetrating engagement with an animal bracingly grip an animal member in response to . rapprochement of the handle portions 13. An expansive coil spring l5 operatively engages be tween the handle portions I3 to normally posi 10 tion and yieldably, hold said handle portions at the limit of their separation with the jaw por tions l4 correspondingly held at their maximum separation for convenient ‘reception of the ‘ani mal member to be marked therebetween, and outer end inner surfaces of the jaw portions M are extended laterally at each side of their asso ciated levers to form opposed, complementary heads I6 and I1, shown as carried respectively by the levers Ill and II, whereof the opposed ?at 20' faces are substantially parallel when the handle portions l3 are in the position shown by Figure 2. A further object of the invention is to provide The face of the head i6 is worked and suitably improved retraction facilitating means adapted arranged for the removable and replaceable se for convenient and automatically cooperative as cure mounting of interchangeable blocks l8, each sociation with penetrative-type live stock mark of which ?xedly and perpendicularly supports a ing tools of certain conventional designs. plurality of needles l9 spacedly disposed to out A further object of the invention is to provide line any desired numeral, symbol, or pattern improved retraction facilitating means for asso wherewith, either singly or in combination, the ciation with certain conventional live stock mark animal is to be marked. Outer ends of the ing tools that is simple and inexpensive of con needles l9 terminate in a common plane disposed struction and operative mounting on such tools, to register against the face of the head I‘! when fully automatic, positive and ef?cient in opera the jaw portions‘ M are closed together, and said tion, free from any hampering in?uence on the head IT carries a facing 20 of relatively yieldable normal functioningr of the associated tool, and material, such as wood, ?ber, hard rubber, and productive in use or practical advantage in re spect to speed of marking operation, clarity of " the like, against which the normally sharp free member. _ > > , resultant marking, and convenience of tool ma ends'cf said needles may impinge and close with nipulation. out damage thereto. ‘ ' v The cooperating elementsof the tool thus far With the foregoing and other objects in View, described are old in the art in the construction my invention consists in the construction, ar rangement, and combination of elements herein V40 and relationship shown, and are employed for the marking of live stock topunch the pattern after set forth, pointed out in my claims, and outlined by the needles l9 as a series of tiny per illustrated by the accompanying drawing,‘ in forations through a thin member, usually an ear, Which of an animal by closing of the handle portions Figure 1 is a side elevation of a typical live stock marking tool, commonly in use, as im 45 13 towards each other against the pressure of the spring 55. The needles l9 are promptly with proved and modi?ed in accordance with my in drawn after having penetrated the animal mem-iv vention and as positioned ready for practical use. her, the tool removed, and a suitable ink or dye Figure 2 is a view of the device shown in Figure 1 is brushed'over the perforated area to enter and as closed to an alternative position and relation of its movable elements. Figure 3 is a cross sec 50 permanently contrastingly color the punctures with indelible ?xing eiiect of the marking thus tion taken on the indicated line 3—3 of Figure 2. The conventional marking tool depicted by the drawing comprises a pair of closely similar, suit ably curved levers Ill and H formed to overlap intermediate their ends and be pivotally inter 55 made. As conventionally constructed and com monly used, the tool hereinabove described has disadvantage in that the needles I 9 do not read ily retract from penetrating relation with the 2,411,944 3 4 animal member when and as the jaw portions M are permitted to separate, and in that the needle points are apt, even under most careful handling, to scratch, tear, and lacerate the animal mem ber surface, particularly at and about the punc tures constituting the desired pattern, with con sequent blurring and loss of definition in the jaw portions [4 of the tool are respectively closed together or divergingly opened. Thus, the jaw portions [4 being in their position of normal sep aration, as shown in Figure l, the said yoke with its bar 24 is held outwardly from the head I6 and beyond the points of the needles ii] to de?ne, to marking ultimately obtained. Supplementing the elements of the conven tional tool shown and described, in operative as sociation therewith, and arranged for automatic functional actuation incidental to manipulation ' gether with the head I? and its facing 28, a throat through which the animal member may be en gaged without probability of contact with the 10 needle points. When the handle portions 13 are actuated to close the jaw portions l4 together for penetration of the needles through the animal thereof, the instant invention provides means to member, the said yoke and bar 24 is automatically facilitate prompt and complete retraction of the swung towards and into embracing relation with needles from the animal member and to guard 15 the head I6 into such full clearing relation with against premature engagement of the needle the needles as will permit of their full penetra points with the animal member surface during tion and into position to engage and hold against tool application, thereby obviating the disadvan the adjacent animal member surface as said tages and objections above noted. A simple and practical embodiment of the in 20 needles are retracted from their penetration as an incident of handle and jaw portion separation, vention is shown in the drawing as comprising a such support of the animal member by the said pair of identical members 2! cooperable in spaced yoke and bar 2Q expediting and facilitating needle opposition to form an end-opening yoke, each retraction to full and clean extraction from all of said members 2| having a relatively-long, straight portion disposed along a side of and in 25 penetrative engagement. Since many changes, variations, and modi?ca overlying relation with adjacently-diverging por tions in the speci?c form, construction, and ar tions of the levers l0 and ii on the same side of rangement of the elements shown and described the pivot I2 as the head l6, said members 2! may be had without departing from the spirit of being mounted in registration on opposite sides of the tool assembly and each pivotally intercon 30 my invention, I wish to be understood as being limited solely by the scope of the appended claims, nected with the jaw portion :4 carrying the head rather than by any details of the illustrative show I6 by means of pins or studs 22 engaging through ing and foregoing description. the member long straight portions and with said I claim as my inventionjaw portion at one side and forwardly of the pivot l2 to constitute an axis of member oscillation 35 parallel with the axis of said pivot. Ends of the members 2! rearwardly of the pins or studs 22 extend past the pivot l2 and embracingly overlie the handle portion I3 of the lever II, to which said member ends are operatively connected by 40 means of pins or studs 23 ?xedly and oppositely projecting from said handle portion in axial align ment parallel with the axis of pivot IE to engage through slots formed for their reception in and longitudinally of the said member ends. Ends 45 of the member 2! straight portions in advance of the pins or studs 22 extend forwardly to prox imity with the inner transverse margin of the head Iii, at which point they are bent outwardly into spaced parallelismwith said head and ex tended into clearing relation past the head ends, 1. The combination with a live stock marking tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminating in complementary, opposed, piercing and abut ment heads, and means for actuating said jaws, of a yoke mounted for travel with and oscillation about an axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis relative to said piercing head, and connec tions between said yoke and jaw actuating means positively operable as an incident of tool ma nipulation to swing said yoke relative to its as sociated head in a direction opposite to that of said head travel. 2. The combination with a live stock marking tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminat ing in complementary, opposed, piercing and abutment heads, and means for actuating said jaws, of a piercing-head-embraceab1e yoke mounted for travel with and oscillation about an where they are again bent to dispose their termi axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis rela nal portions in closely and outwardly spaced par tive to said head, and connections between said allel relation with the head It outer ends and to terminate just inwardly of said head outer trans 55 yoke and jaw actuating means positively oper able as an incident of tool manipulation to swing verse margin. The outer end portions of the said yoke into embracing relation with the pierc members 2| thus constitute an end-opening yoke shaped and dimensioned to embracingly register ing head as the latter approaches the abutment head and out of embracing relation with said about three sides of the head It when the tool elements are in the closed relationship shown by 60 piercing head as the latter separates from the abutment head. Figure 2, and the free end arms of said yoke 3. The combination with a live stock marking are braced and rigidly interconnected by means of a bar 24 bridging therebetween in such offset tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminating relation with the arm margins as will permit said in complementary, opposed, piercing and abut bar to overlie the inner transverse margin of the 65 ment heads, and means for actuating said jaws, head I6 inwardly adjacent ends of the blocks l8 of a yoke pivotally carried by the piercing head when the jaw portions H! are closed to the posi law for oscillation about an axis spacedly paral tion of Figure 2. leling the jaw hinge axis into and out of embrac The pins or studs 22 and 23 are so disposed in ing relation with said piercing head, and connec their engagement with the levers I!) and H rela 70 tions between said yoke and the jaw actuating tive to the pivot l2 as to operate, through their means positively, uniformly, and automatically connection with the members 2! in the manner operable to swing said yoke into embracing re shown and described, to swing the yoke formed lation with its associated head as the latter by the member 2i free ends towards and away approaches the abutment head and out of such from embracing relation with the head It as the 75 embracing relation and away from the associated 2,411,944 u head as the latter separates from the abutment 8. In operative combination with a live stock marking tOOl having crossed levers hingedly as head. 4. The combination with a live stock marking sociated toprovide correspondingly-movable jaw tool having crossed levers hingedly-associated to provide correspondingly-movaole jaw and han piercing and abutment heads terminating said . and handle portions, complementary, opposed, jaw portions, and resiliently-yieldaole means nor mally maintaining said jaw and handle portions and abutment heads terminating said jaw por tions, and resiliently-yieldable means normally ~ at the limit Of their relative separation, a yoke pivotally carried by the piercing head jaw for maintaining said jaw and handle portions at the limit of their relative separation, ‘of a yoke piv 10 oscillation about an axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis into and out of embracing relation otally carried by the piercing head jaw for oscil with said piercing head, and yoke mounting ex lation about an axis spacedly parallelingthe jaw tensions oi'l'set radially from and Icy-passing the hinge axis intoand out Of embracing relation jaw hinge axis to overlie and slidably connect with with said piercing head, and yoke mounting ex ?xed points on the opposite sides of the abutment tensions offset radially from and ‘by-passing the head handle portion, whereby said yoke is linked jaw hinge axis to overlie and slidably connect for positive, uniform actuation between and rel with ?xed points on the opposite sides of the ‘ ative to said heads consequential to manipulation abutment head handle portion, whereby said yoke dle portions, complementary, opposed, piercing is linked for positive, uniform actuation conse of the tool handle portions. ‘ 9. In a device of the character described having quential to manipulation of the tool handle por 20 hingedly-associated jaws terminating in comple tions. mentary, opposed, piercing and abutment heads, 5. In operative combination witha live stock and means for actuating said jaws, an end-open marking tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminating in complementary, opposed, piercing and abutment heads, and means for actuating said jaws, a yoke mounted for travel with and oscillation about an axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis relative to said piercing head, and ing yoke, spaced, parallel mounting extensions projecting from said yoke closed end for disposi tion on opposite sides of and pivotal connection with the piercing head jaw to mount said yoke for oscillation about an axis spacedly-paralleling connections operable as an incident of tool ma the jaw hinge axis between said heads and into opposite to that of the piercinghead travel. 6. In operative combination with a live stock opposite sides of said jaw actuating means oper able to swing said yoke relative to its associated piercing head as an incident of jaw manipulation. nipulation to positively and. uniformly swing said 30 and out of embracing relation with the piercing head, and connections between the ends of said yoke relative to its associated head between the mounting extensions remote from said yoke and latter and the abutment head and in a direction marking tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminating in complementary, opposed, piercing and abutment heads, and means for actuating ii}. In a device of the character described hav ing crossed levers hingedly associated to provide correspondingly-movable jaw and handle por said jaws, a piercing-head-embraceable yoke tions, complementary, opposed, piercing and mounted for travel with and oscillation about an axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis rela 40 abutment heads terminating said jaw portions, and resiliently-yieldable means normally main tive to said head, and connections operable as an taining said jaw and handle portions at the limit incident of tool manipulation to positively and of their relative separation, an end-opening yoke, uniformly swing said yoke between said piercing spaced, parallel mounting extensions projecting and abutment heads into embracing relation with the former as it approaches the abutment head and out of such embracing relation as the said heads separate. ’ 7. In operative combination with a live stock marking tool having hingedly-associated jaws terminating in complementary, opposed, piercing and abutment heads, and means for actuating said jaws,~a yoke pivotally carried by the piercing head jaw for oscillation about an axis spacedly paralleling the jaw hinge axis into and out of embracing relation with said piercing head, and _ connections between said yoke and the jaw actu ating means automatically operable to positively and uniformly swing said yoke between said pierc ing and abutment heads into embracing rela tion with the former as it approaches the abut ment head and out of such embracing relation as the said heads separate. from said yoke closed end for disposition on 0p positesides of and pivotal connection with the piercing head jaw to mount said yoke for oscilla tion about an axis parallel with the lever hinge axis between said heads and into and out of em bracing relation with the piercing head, longi tudinally-slotted ends on said extensions over lying opposite sides of the abutment head handle portion on the side of the lever hinge axis remote from said yoke, and aligned pins ?xedly-out standing from theopposite sides of said abut ment head handle portion and slidably engaging within the slotted mounting extension ends to operatively connect said yoke for automatic ac tuation consequential to manipulation of the tool handle portions. ERNEST G. STONE.