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Патент USA US2411981

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Dec. 3, 1946..
Filed May v11, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Dec. 3, 1946.
Filed May 11, 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Patented Dec. 3, 1946
of one
vOwen S. Shaffer, Omaha, Nebn, assignor
half to Eugene D. O’Sullivan, Omaha, Nebr.
Application May 11, 1944, Serial No. 535,055
1 Claim. (01. 33-110)
The present invention relates to new and use
ful improvements in drafting instruments and
more particularly to a device of this character
through the use of which section lines or cross
hatching may be marked on the drawings at reg
ular and equally spaced distances apart.
An important object of the present invention
is to provide a straight edge or ruler having grad
uations marked thereon at one edge, one end of
Referring now to the drawings in detail and
?rst with respect to the form of the invention
illustrated in Figures 1 to 6, inclusive, the nu
meral 5 designates a ruler having a ?xed stop 6
projecting laterally from one edge thereof, the
surface of the ruler being marked with gradua
tions 1 in inches and fractions thereof.
.A longitudinal slot 8 is formed in the ruler
adjacent its end opposite from the ?xed stop 6,
the rear or bottom surface of the ruler, at the
the ruler haVing a ?xed stop and providing an 10 edges of, the slot 8, being rabbeted as shown at 9. .
adjust-able stop on the ruler and between which
An adjustable stop extends transversely across
a conventional form of triangle may be positioned,
the surface of the ruler 5 and is formed at one
the adjustable stop cooperating with one edge of
edge with a flange or elongated head ll adapted
the triangle to regulate the distance which the
slidably engage one edge of the ruler. The
triangle may be moved between the stop to de 15 stop I0 is formed at its central portion with an
termine the distance between the section line
opening I2 through which a set screw I3 is freely
or cross-hatching to be drawn at the edge of the
inserted, the set screw having threaded engage
ment in a threaded opening 14 of a rectangular
A further important object is to provide guide
shaped slide block Or nut 15 snugly ?tted for slid
means for the adjustable stop which will elim
ing movement in the slot 8 and having flanges
inate play between the adjustable stop and the
16 at its outer surface conformably received in
ruler to a minimum, whereby to promote accu
the rabbeted formation 9 of the ruler so that the
racy in the adjustment of the stop.
outer surface of the slide I5 is ?ush with the rear
A still further object is to provide a device of
surface of the ruler 5 as will be apparent from
this character of simple and practical construc 25 an inspection of Figure 4 of the drawings.
tion, which is neat and attractive in appearance,
The flange 1 I of the adjustable stop I0 and the
relatively inexpensive to manufacture and other
slide l5 cooperate to maintain the side edges of i
wise well adapted for the purposes for which the
the stop 10 in substantially true parallelism with
same is intended.
30 the marking forming the graduations ‘I.
Other objects and advantages reside in the de
In the form of the invention illustrated in
tails of construction and operation as more fully
Figures 7 to 9, inclusive, the ruler is designated at
hereinafter described and claimed, reference be
H having the ?xed stop l8 at one end and formed
ing had to the accompanying drawings forming
with the longitudinally extending slot l9. One
part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like
end of the slot 19 is enlarged to receive an an
parts throughout, and in which
choring block 20 for a screw 2| which has a ball
Figure 1 is a plan view showing the device in
22 at one end swivelly received in the block 20,
operative position,
the screw extending longitudinally in the slot l9
Figure 2 is an edge elevational View of the ruler.
and outwardly through the end of the ruler op
Figure 3 is a fragmentary longitudinal sec
posite from the ?xed stop l8. The outer end of
tional view taken substantially on a line 3-3 of 40 the screw is formed with a manipulating head 23.
The adjustable stop is designated at 24 having
Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a transverse sectional View taken
the ?ange 25 at one end slidably engaged with
substantially on aline 4-4 of Figure 1.
one edge of the ruler and also having a longi
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the adjustable
45 tudinally extending rib 26 at its intermediate por
tion slidably engaged in the slot l9. The screw
Figure 6 is a similar view of the slide nut form
2| is threaded through the rib 26 whereby a ro
ing part of the adjustable stop.
tary movement of they screw will cause a longi
Figure 7 is a side elevational view of a modi?ed
tudinal movement of the adjustable stop 24 rela
construction for slidably actuating the adjustable
50 tive to the ruler I1 in a manner as will be ap
parent. The surface of the ruler I1 is likewise
Figure 8 is a transverse sectional view taken
substantially on a line 8-8 of Figure 7, and
Figure 9 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional
view taken substantially on a line 9—9 of Fig
ure 7.
formed with graduations 21 as heretofore ex
plained for cooperation with the side edges of the
adjustable stop 24.
In using the device a conventional form of tri
angle 28 is positioned with one edge thereof abut
ting the ruler 5 between the ?xed stop 6 and
the adjustable stop It]. The opposite edge of
the ruler 5 may be placed against a conventional
form of straight edge indicated at 29, if desired.
One edge of the triangle 28 is placed in abut
ting engagement with the ?xed stop 6 and the
adjustable stop 8 is spaced from the opposite edge
of the triangle a desired distance in accordance
with the spacing of the section lines or cross
hatching to be drawn. The triangle is then moved
into abutting engagement with the adjustable
stop l0 and the ?rst section line indicated at 30
is then drawn and the triangle then moved to
understood from the foregoing without further
detailed explanation.
Having described the invention, What is claimed
as new is:
In a device of the class described for use with
a triangle, a straight edge against which the tri
angle is adapted to be positioned in edge to edge
engagement therewith and having an edge stop
at one end for engagement by said triangle and
a longitudinal slot therein adjacent its other end
provided with rabbeted sides, an adjustable stop
comprising a member slidably opposed to one -
side of the straight edge and having a ?ange
overlying and ?tting against the edge of the
ward the left until it engages the ?xed stop 6 15 straight edge with which the triangle is adapted
and the next section line is then drawn parallel
to be engaged, a slide ?tted in said slot ?ush with
to the line 30. The ruler 5 and triangle 28 are
other side of the straight edge and having
then successively moved to continue the mark
edge ?anges ?tted in said rabbeted sides of the
ing of the section lines or cross-hatching in a
slot, and a screw threaded through said member
manner as will be apparent.
20 and slide to clamp the same to the sides of the
It is believed that the details of construction
straight edge.
and manner of use of the device will be readily
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