close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2411994

код для вставки
Dec. 3, 1946.
N. HOFFMA-N
2,411,994
HAI‘R WAVING CAP
Filed Sept. 10, 1945
m m mA
B515
1/’
3313'
Patented Dec. 3, 1946
2,411,994
‘UNITED’ STATES PATENT OFFICE-fr:
-; HAIR WAVING CAP -
_ . Nathan Hoffman, Chicago, 111.,‘ assignor to Prod
ucts Development, _Inc., Chicago’; In". @ WW9
' - ration of Illinois
-{
7' A‘
"
.
'
‘
‘
_ Application September 10,1945, SerialNo.6_1_5,2t)9
~
'
7 Claims,
'
1
,
(0112-174)
_
‘
e
Another object is to provide _a hair waving cap
with novel means normally sea-ling the cap against
the loss of con?ned heat but which may be easily
, -The invention relates to improvements in'caps
and more particularly to the novel construction of
a hair waving cap primarily“ intended for use by
the hair dressing profession,
‘
'
and quickly displaced so as to expose one or more
Hair waving‘ of the‘ kind known as cold perma
nent waving or m'achineless waving is accom
plished through a performance of a series of steps
which involves ?rst, the dividing 0f the hair on
the head into a plurality of tresses. In cold per
manent waving the individual hair tresses are
wound ?rmly and secured upon curling rods either
before or after saturating the tresses with a sof
tening solution which is permitted to remain on
the hair tress for a predetermined period of time
wound tresses for testing,
A
7
v
'
-
;
Another object is'to provide a hair waving cap
embodying the novel structural features of the
present invention which is not expensive to man
ufacture ‘but which is very easy to use and highly
practical and e?icient in use;
>
‘
'
'
-'
Other and further objects of the present invene
tion will be apparent" from the ‘following ~de-_
scription and claims and are illustrated in the
accompanying drawing which shoWS. a preferred
determined by the texture of the hair being 15 embodiment and the principle thereof and which
treated. Upon the expiration of such period of
is ‘considered to be the ‘best mode contemplated
for applying that principle‘. Other embodiments
time a rinsing or neutralizing solution is applied to
of the invention embodying the same or equiva_lent principle may be used and structural changes
removed from the rods‘. Obviously, if the curl is 20 may be made as desired by those skilled in the art
without departing from the spirit of thepresent
insu?iciently treated it will not retain its intended
invention and the purview of the appended
shape and should the softening solution remain
claims.
'
1'
,
on the wound tress for too long a period of time
In the drawing:
’ ’
'
'
the hair will become hard and brittle.
Fig. 1' is a view illustrating the hair waving
_ In order to retain the natural heat of the head 25
within the region of the curls while the soften
cap embodying the features ofthe present .in
vention in use. '
t
'
iris‘
ing solution'is acting thereon, the entire head is
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1', butv ‘viewed
enclosed within a suitable covering such as a cap
the resulting curls so as to neutralize the softening
solution and set the curls. The curls then are
from the opposite direction.
.
' " ' '
’
or hood. Owing to the impossibility of determin
ing, with any degree of certainty, the length of 30 _ Fig. 3 is a perspective View of the cap viewed
timerduring which the solution is to remain on the
Fig.4 is‘ a View of the :back side of the‘
curls, it isv customary to test ‘a curl after an
estimated" minimum‘ time interval. to ascertain
' Fig. 5 is a view on a'reducedifs'cale of "one of
whether or’ not additional treatment is required.
the two'piec‘es of sheet material‘ forming the body
This isaccOmplished by exposing at least one
ofthecap.
‘
‘
“
T‘
wound tress- and unwinding said tress from the
from'the' front.
'
'
showingthe ?ap withdrawn.‘
is rewound and vreplaced within the cap or hood.
In those instances when the entire head is en
other piece of sheet material.‘
closed within a cap of known construction it, ~
or _at least to loosen it su?iciently to enable it to
be: shifted to expose one of the wound tresses for
testing; Should the cap be removed or shifted
during'the'testing operation most of the heat
con?ned therein is lost and when the cap is re
placed additional estimated time is required to
restore'the temperature within the cap to that re—
quired for further processing. It is, therefore, an
object of the present invention to provide a hair
waving cap ‘with novel structural characteristics
‘
'
'
1
>
'
"
'
"
-
‘
.
'Fig. 6 is a view similar'to Fig. 5 lshowingxthe'
rod.’ ,Iff further conditioning is required the tress
therefore, becomes necessary to remove said cap
'
‘T
"
‘
‘
"
I‘ ' '
The hair waving'cap dis'closed'in the acco'm
panying drawing is of a kind that will'completely'
cover the head of'the wearer. leaving the'face'
only exposed‘ and it is fashioned from two out
pieces of sheet material such as, vfor 'example; a
tough transparent'or translucent ?exible non-=
* crinkly slightly elastic sheet of material impere
vious to the chemicals and heat us'ed" intheproce
ess'es of "cold permanent waving." It should bev
understood, ‘however, that ‘other sheet material,v
suitable for manufacture-into‘ capsl ofithe kind
disclosed herein, "maybe used without departing
to enablev access to be gained to a single wound‘
from
The'capfi'sv
the purpose
fashioned‘
of'th'e present
from two‘
invention;
~substantially.
"
tress for testing without uncovering the entire
like-shaped' pieces of'sheet material ‘ll -‘and"|2~
(Figs: 5' and 6) suitably joined together along-see
head or otherwisepermitting con?ned heat to
55 lected; complemental. .edg'es to: provide‘: a; hood; or: '
2,411,994
3
cap of sui?cient size to completely envelope the
wound hair tresses on the head of the wearer. As
best illustrated in Fig. 3, the completed cap has
its bottom edge, or neck-line, provided with a con
tinuous hem I3 opening onto the edges surround
ing a face opening I4 formed on the front side of
the cap.. The hemmed bottom edge I3 of the cap
is positioned around the. neck of the wearer. \A
draw string I5, extended through the hem, is‘ pro
vided for drawing the bottom of the cap snugly
around the neck to prevent the escape of heat
con?ned within the cap during the hair waving. ,
process.
.
The piece of sheet material?‘ I’I- forming a part
of the cap is best illustrated in-Fig; 6- and it is"
substantially rectangular in ' shape having .the
4
bottom neck portion. This opening is of a length
corresponding substantially to the width of the
?ap or extension 2I on the companion piece of
sheet material I2. During the processing of the
hair, the ?ap 2I is tucked into the slotted opening
25 so as to lie substantially against the inside face
of the piece of sheet material II; When it is de
sired to; gain access into the cap for thezpurpose of
testing a wound tress the flap 2| is withdrawn
from the slotted opening 25, as best shown in Fig.
ll,- thus exposing at least one of the curls for ex
amination.
It should be evident at this time that the cap‘
embodying the features of the present invention is
constructed in a non-expensive manner from
sheet material: and that it may be :easily and
quickly mounted. in. place over the head of the
wearer; and further, that said cap embodies
hem I3 on its straight bottom edge and suitable:
piping I6 and I‘! on its substantially parallel side
means whereby access to the interior thereof
edges. The top edge I8 of said piece of- sheet
material may remain un?nished but, if desired, 20 may be eiiected easily and quickly without dis
turbing the relative position of the cap- on. the
suitable pi‘ping‘ (not- shown) may be provided
thereon.‘ The other piece. of sheet- material. I2
Although an exemplary form oi hair wavingrcap
forming the. improved cap is shaped substantially
has been illustrated in the accompanying draw
‘like the piece described hereinabove and is. best
ing- and described in detail in the foregoing speci
shown in Fig. 5. As illustrated,v the piece I2 in
?cation, it should- be understood that the inven
eludes the" hemmed bottom edge. i31 and. piping I6
tion is capable of embodying a. wide variety of
on one of‘ its side edges. The top edge- I9‘ or said
modi?cations in detail structure without depart
piece: of sheet material I2 preferably is left un
ing from the spirit of thepresent invention or the
?nished and a lateral extension or ?ap portion 21:
is fashioned integral with and extends outwardly 30 scope of the appended claims.
I'claim:
from the other side edge. 2-2 of. said piece. This
1.. A head- covering comprising a hood having
?ap or‘ extension 2| is substantially co-extensive
a portion covering the top; sides, and. back of
with the length oi the side‘ edge 22'. but terminates
thev head and also the back of the neck, means
short of the bottom end thereof and preferably
to secure the hood in position about the neck'of
its edges are suitably!‘ ?nished. with piping 23.
the wearer, the rear part of the neck covering
The pieces of sheet. material II and I2: are suit
portion being continuous, said hood having a.
ably Joined together along selected complemental
slotted opening extending upwardly from a point
edges;to'formz.thecap.~ To this: end, the. piece II
inwardly of the area of the rear partof the-neck
is laid in face- to; face contact’ over. the similarly
shaped portion of the piece of sheet material. I2 40 covering portion, so as to admit access’ to‘ the
interior of the hood when it is in place on the
and? the complemental top edges. I8: and. I9 are
head, and a closure‘ ?ap for said;- slotted opening.
joined‘ together over’ their" entire length as: by
coextensive with one side edge’ of the» slot, the
means of a row of stitches. The edge portion. 22
lower
edge portion of. the. closureilap- being free;
of the piece I2 likewise is stitched or otherwise se
2. A head covering comprising a hood having
cured to the complemental portion of the edge I'I ' ;
a portion. covering the top, sides and back of
of' the piece I-I ,, care being taken so as not to sew
the head andv also the back of the neck, the rear
the hem I3 shut at the joining of the two sections
part of the neck covering. portionv being. con
inasmuch as. such blocking; on? of the hem‘ I3
tinuous, a hem» on‘ the. edge of the, neck covering
would impair the operation’ of the; draw string I5
portion, means in said hem. to. secure. the hood
therein. A piece-of elastic: 24- is sewn orotherwise
in. position about the neck. of the wearer, said
secured to the upper medial portion of the-mar.
hood being fashioned from. two. pieces of sheet
ginal edge-surrounding the face; opening I4 sothat
the material within said, portionisnormally gath
material
complemental
secured
edges
together
to; define
along
a. slotted.
parts of.
opening
cred. or otherwise. drawn: together‘in such manner
extending upwardly from. a point inwardly of the
that' the front_ edges: of. the. cap will be drawn.
edge of the rear part of’ the. neck- covering .por
tightly around the face of the wearer to thereby
tion so as to admit access’ to theinterior of ‘the
insure a; relatively snug'?li. around the; entire-body
head.
of wound tresses con?ned within the cap. ,
has been. noted hereinabove', the customary
procedure while: permanentv waving hair on the
human head; is: to select one of the wound tresses,
afterthe waving process has continued fora pre
determined period of- time, and test it. to- deter
,
.
'
"
hood when it is in place on the head, and» a tuck—
in closure ?ap for said slotted opening integral
with one, of the pieces and coextensive ‘with. one,
side edge of the. opening, the lower edge portion
of the closure. ?ap. being free.
~
I
3. A headcovering comprising a hood having’
a portion covering thetop, sides, andback oi the
mine whether or not further processing: is. re'-~
head and also the back of the neck, means to.
quired'. The cap of the. present. invention is par
secure the hood in position about. the neck of
ticularly- provided with. means. to facilitate gain-l
the wearer, the rear part of. the neck- covering
ing access to one such wound: tress without the‘
portion being continuous, said hood having a
necessity of loosening the cap or removing the;
slotted opening extending upwardly from a point.
same from all or partof" the head. Accordingly,~
the greatest‘. portion of the edge ll of the: piece 70 inwardly of the edge of the; rear part of the-neck
covering portion, so asv to admit. access tether
of sheet material II is left. unsecured to the
interior of the hood when it is in place on- the
companion piece of sheet material. I2. so as to leave
head, and an extension of relatively large area a slotted opening 25.1 extending upwardly sub‘
de?ning a tuck-in flap‘ for said. slotted opening,‘
stantially vertically on- they back side of" the. cap
integral and coextensive with one side edge-ct.
rro'm, a point. closely adjacentv to the‘ hemmed.‘
2,411,994
5
the slot, the lower edge portion of the closure
?ap being free.
4. A head covering comprising a hood having
a portion covering the top, sides and back of the
head and also the back of the neck, the rear part
of the neck covering portion being continuous,
a hem on the free edge of the neck covering por
portion of the closure flap being free, and an
elastic Surrounding the face opening.
6. A head covering comprising a hood having
a portion covering the top, sides and back of the
head and also the back of the neck, means to
secure the hood in position about the neck of
the wearer, the rear part of the neck covering
portion being continuous, said hood having a
tion, a drawstring in said hem, said hood having
slotted opening extending upwardly from a point
a slotted opening extending upwardly from a
point inwardly of the edge of the rear part of the 10 inwardly of the edge of the rear part of the
neck covering portion, so as to admit access to
neck covering portion, so as to admit access to
the interior of the hood when it is in place on the
the interior of the hood when it is in place on
head, and a closure ?ap for said slotted opening
the head, and an extension of relatively large
coextensive with one side edge of the slot, said
area de?ning a tuck-in ?ap for said slotted
?ap being adapted to be tucked into the opening
opening integral and coextensive with one side
and underlie the inside face of the hood, the
edge of the slot, the lower edge portion of the
lower edge portion of the closure flap being free.
closure flap being free.
'7. A head covering comprising a hood having
5. A head covering having a face opening com
a portion covering the top, sides and back of the
prising a hood having a portion covering the
head and also the back of the neck, means to
top, sides and back of the head and also the back 20
'
secure the hood in position about the neck of
of the neck, the rear part of the neck covering
the wearer, the rear part of the neck covering
portion being continuous, a hem on the edge of
portion being continuous, said hood having a
the neck covering portion, a drawstring in said
slotted opening extending upwardly from a point
hem, said hood having a slotted opening ex
tending upwardly from a point inwardly of the 25 inwardly of the edge of the rear part of the neck
covering portion, 50 as to admit access to the
hem so as to admit access to the interior of the
interior of the hood when it is in place on the
hood when it is in place on the head, an exten
head, and a closure ?ap for said slotted opening.
sion of relatively large area de?ning a tuck-in
?ap for said opening integral and coextensive
with an edge of said opening, the lower edge 30
NATHAN HOFFMAN.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
476 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа