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Патент USA US2412037

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.
3, 1946.
L, w,V FERRELL
'
2,412,037
WATER CONTROL FOR spmoœs, ETC.
Filed April 28, 19444
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2,412,037
Patented Dec. 3, 1946
UNITED> STATES PATENT oFFlcr-z
' 2,412,037
WATER coN'raoL For: srreo'rs, E'ro.
Landon W. Ferrell, Knoxville, Tenn.
_
Application April 2s, 1944, serial No. 533,192
‘
_ s claims.
1
l
2
This invention relates to a thermostatic water
control for bath tubs, kitchen sinks, wash basins,
showers, etc.
An object of the invention is the provisionfof.
simple and eillc'lent means for blending togetherv
hot and cold water when desired, or when the
operator desires he can easily adjust the mech
anism for discharging only cold water.
(ci. zas-12)
the two ends of which are screwed valve sleeves
2 and 3, Fig. 4. Each valve sleeve comprises a
hub portion 4 on the inner end of which is the
reduced cylindrical extension 5. Threaded into
valve sleeve 2 is thehot water pipe 8, and thread
ed into the valve sleeve 3 is the cold water pipe 1.
A cylindrical rotary valve 8 is mounted within
the valve sleeves 2 and 3.- 'I'his rotary valve has
'
Another object of the invention is the con
struction of a vmechanism of the character de
a central partition 9, and on its outside it is pro
10 vided with an outwardly extending finger I9;
scribed, which can be set into a wall of a room
finger I II moves or swings between the contigu
where it will be hidden from view and only the
ous inner ends of the valve sleeves 2 and 3. By
indicator disc or plate with the pointer exposed
to view, thereby causing the mechanism to -be
attractive in appearance.
i
A further object of the invention is the con
struction of a novel and eilîicient valve whereby
the flow of hot water or cold water, or the blend
means of plug II, Fig. 2, access is obtained to
the interior of valve casing I, whereby the op
erator may connect the link I2 to the ñnger I0,
or he may clean out the valve casing I, as he
desires. Detachably securedV to the top of valve
casing I is a housing I3; this housing has guide
ing of the two, can be admirably controlled.
grooves I4 formed on its inner face; these grooves
With the foregoing and other objects in view, 20 I4 are `arranged in vertical position and are in
my invention comprises certaind novel construc
alignment, whereby the ribs I5 are received, and
tions,.combinations, and arrangements of parts as
thereby lpermitting the thermostat frame I6 to
will be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in
have a vertical sliding movement within housing
the accompanying drawing, and _more particu
I3. Within frame I5 is a common type thermo
larly pointed out in the appended claims.
25 stat I1; thermostat I1 -has a depending stem I9,
In the drawing:
.
"
which stem is pivotally connected to the upper
Figure 1 is a view partly in elevation and partly
end of link I2, whereas the lower end of link
in longitudinal section of a mechanism construct
I2 is pivotally connected to said finger I0. In
ed in accordance with the present invention, and
tegral
with and extending upwardly from hous
showing said mechanism- applied within a wall of 30 ing I3 is a globe portion I9. The upper portion
a building.
-y
Yof the globe portion I9 is threaded at 20, to re
^Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the
ceive any suitable piping as indicated by dotted
mechanism taken at right angles to the. disclo
lines 2|, Fig. l, which piping is connected -to a
sure inFigure 1.
spigot or faucet 22. _
Figure 3 is a sectional View taken on line 3-~3, 35 A shaft 23 (Fig. 2) extends through tube 24,
Fig. 2, and looking in the direction of the arrows.
sleeve 25, and its inner end is positioned in the
' Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4---4,
globe portion I9. A-link 28 is in the globe por
Figure 2, and looking in the direction of the ar
. tion I9 and said link is connected atits lower end
rows.
in a pivotal manner to the pair of lugs 21 that
Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of 40 extends upward from the vtop of frame I6. A
the valve sleeves with the rotary valve therein.
suitable connection 28 pivotally fastens the up
Figure 6 is an enlarged transverse sectional
per end ofy link 25 to rotary shaft 23. The sleeve
view of one of the valve sleeves and a portion of
25 is threaded at its inner end into portion 29
the rotary valve, while
of the globe I9, and the tube 24 is threaded on
Figure 7 is a similar view of the other valve
the outer closed end of sleeve 25. A set screw
sleeve and the rotary valve therein.
30 serves to securely retain tube’24 on sleeve 25.
Figureí 8 is an enlarged elevated view 'of the
On the 4outer end of tube 24 is an integral in
indicator disc, and the pointer.
dicating disc 3i; disc 3| is preferably placed
Figure 9 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a
valve sleeve and the valve casing, showing the 50 against a wall 32, with the rest of the _apparatus
either built in the wall or behind the same, where
set'screw for holding these parts securely to
by only the disc 3| and pointer 33 show in the
Sether.
Referring to the drawing in which I have shown I
room, whereby an excellent appearance is pro- ,
duced. The pointer 33 is securely fastened to the
the preferred embodiment of my invention, I des
ignates a> valve casing of a cylindrical type, in 55 outer end of shaft 23. On the outer face of disc l
3,418,037
dac'. «namens connecting ma pointer to ma
ll
designations "Hot," "Medium,” and "Cold"
for ltile purpose hereinafter described.
slidable thermostat frame, 'whereby when said
pointer is manually adjusted with reference to
Theì‘valve sleeves 2 and I are securely fastened
togetherçby set screws 24 (Fig. 9).
The valve sleeve 2 is provided with a plurality
the temperature markings on said disc said ro
tary valve will -be vrotatedto bring like openings
on said valve and sleeves in registering position
to control the'l temperature of water flowing
through the valve casing.
of vparallel transversely positioned elongated
slots 3l.V through which hot water is adapted to
pass. [The right hand portion of rotary valve l
2. In a mechanism of the class described, the '
is provided with ports or openings 2l, which are
combination of a valve casing, separate sleeves
in said valve casing and extending inwardly from
its ends, one of said sleeves being provided with
a plurality of aligned elongated hot water open
ings at its top .and the other sleeve being provided with a plurality of aligned cold water open
ings in its side, a rotary valve withinsaid sleeves
and provided with a set of hot and a set of cold
water openings arranged in alignment thereon, a
thermostat housing on said valve cßsinèl. said
adapted to> register with said elongated openings
3l. The valve sleeve 2 is provided with aligned
ports oropenings l1 through which cold water is
adapted to pass. The left hand portion o! ro
tary valve l is provided with a plurality of aligned
ports or openings 3l that are adapted to register
with openings l1, i'or allowing cold water to pass
from pipe 1. into the valve casing I and in due
course be discharged through the spigot 22.
When the mechanism is in they position shown f
in Figures 1 and 2, the‘only escape `i'or the water
when the spigot or faucet 22 is turned on is
20
housing provided in its inner wail with"vertical
slots, a thermostat frame provided with vertical ‘
ribs, said ribs positioned in said vertical slots, a
thermostat within said frame, a ilnger extending
from said rotary valve only between the inner
thermostat will expand and lower the4 opening
2Q to the bottom of the elongated or oblong 25 ends oi' said sleeves, means pivotally connecting
said iinger to said'thermostat,> an indicating disc
openings 3l, which is the limit of expansion for
provided with “hot," "medium” and “cold” indi
the thermostat, and since openings Il and 38 re
cations, a pointer adapted to be turned by manual
main closed, hot water is all that comes from `
exertion to either one 'of said indications, means
the faucet 22.
'
1
through openings 3B and 3B. Then-as the water
passes up and around the thermostat i1, said
Then when the pointer 22 is set in the posi 30 connecting said pointer to said thermostat frame,
whereby when the pointer is manually operated
-tion oi' "medium," the thermostat i'l is lowered
to move it in a registering position with said in
within the housing Il., placing the openings -21
dications on said disc said thermostat frame will
and 38 tangent with each other and the open
be moved to different positions within said hous
ings 28 are lowered to the bottom of openings Il.'
This again'allows the hot water to enter iirst and 35 ing, whereby when the frame is in its uppermost
position within the housing the hot water setv of
as it passes over the thermostat, openings 31 and
the openings on the rotary valve will be register
Il start opening, and openings I8 and 38 begin
ing with the upper portions of the elongated hot
closing, which gives a medium or any tempera-V
ture water desired between hot ‘and cold.
.
water openings on one sleeve, while at the same
When the pointer 33 is set to indicate "co1 ,” 40 time the cold water openings of the valve' will
be closed; while manual operation of the pointer
openings or ports 31 and 2l are entirely open,
to lower said thermostat frame to its lowest po
and openings 35 and 26 are entirely closed.
’sition within the housing will cause the cold water
Therefore, since cold water has no effect upon a
set of openings on the rotary valve to register
thermostat, the sleeve valve 8 remains in this
position and cold water is al1 that comes from 45 with the cold water opening on the side of one
the faucet 22.
3. In 'a mechanism of the class described, the
While I have described the preferred embodi
combination of a valve casing, separate sleeves
ment of my invention and illustrated the same
within said valve casing and spaced apart at their
in the accompanying drawing, certain minor
changes or alterations may appear to one skilled 50 inner ends, a single rotary valve spanning the
space between the _inner ends of said sleeves and
in the art to which this invention relates during
having its ends extending into said sleeves, said
the extensive manufacture of the same, and I,
valve provided near one end with a set of hot
therefore, reserve the right to make such altera
water openings and near its other end with a set
tions or changes as shall fairly fall within the
i, of cold water openings-one of said sleeves pro
scope ofthe appended claims.
vided at its top with hot water openings and the
What I claim is:
v
other sleeve provided on its "side with cold water
1. In4 a mechanism of the class described, the
openings, a thermostat casing on said valve cas
combination of a.valve casing, separate sleeves
ing, a slidable thermostat frame entirely within
in said valve casing and extending >inwardly from
its ends, one of said sleeves being provided with 60 said thermostat casing, a thermostat within said
thermostat frame, a finger between the inner
a plurality of hot water openings at its top ,and
ends oi said sleeves and on said rotary valve,
the other sleeve being providedl‘with a plurality
means connecting’said finger to said thermostat,
of cold water openings on its side. a rotary valve
a temperature indicating means connected to said
within said sleeves provided with sets oi' hot and
sleeve.
_
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'
.
cold water openings being adapted to register 65 thermostat frame, and said temperature indi
cating means including manually» operated
with the corresponding openings of said sleeves
means, whereby said thermostat frame and the
at predetermined times, a thermostat housing on
thermostat can be positioned in said thermostat
said valve casing. a thermostat frame slidably
casing causing the hot water openings o! valve
mounted within said housing, a thermostat
within said frame, means connecting said ther 70 and sleeve to register or upon another positioning
of said thermostat frame the cold water'openings
. mostat to >said rotary valve only between the in»
on valve and sleeve will register, substantially as
ner ends of said sleeves. indicating means in
shown and described.
cluding a disc with diiferent temperature mark
LANDON W. FERRlllIL
ings thereon and a pointer cooperating with said
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