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Патент USA US2412129

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‘
3, 1946-
'E. s. CRAWFORD
TEXTILE SPINDLE
Filed ‘Oct. 15, ;945
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‘2,412,129 _
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2 Sheets-Sheet i v '
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Inventor’
y'lla'ot 6. Crawford,
main/away M1314‘
3, 1946. _
‘ 'E. G. CRAWFORD‘
TEXTILE SPINDLE
‘2,412,129
_
Filed Oct. 15, 1945 ‘
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2‘ :
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[78.02 6. (fay/‘0rd,
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2,412,129
Patented Dec.3,.1946 ,
UNITED STATES; PATENT o-Fncl:
2,412,125
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rnxms srmnns
Eliot a. orswmrastoninmn, Conn» designer to
William Triant, Arlington, Mass.
Application October“, 1945, Serial No. 622,313
6 Claims.‘ (01. 57-135)
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8
a
upon the ball'2i to‘ provide for downward thrust
got the spindle blade 23 as‘will be readily under-,
This invention relates to a textile spindle such
asis commonly employed on twisters.
The primary object of the invention is to im
prove the running qualities of the spindle and
stood upon reference to Figure 5. Carried by the
spindle blade 23 immediately above the upper
end
of the extension I! of the case 18 is a whirl
reduce wear to a minimum.
'
Y
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designated generally 25 which comprises a cylin
-~Among its features my invention embodies a
drical body 28 carrying at its lower end an out
spindle case having ‘heat radiating ?ns and a
wardly extending annular ?ange 21, and at its .
whirl on the spindle and encircling the heat
upper end a hub 28 which is attached to the spin
radiating ?ns of the spindle case so that as the
whirl is driven to rotate» the spindles draft of 10 dle blade by a drive ?t so that when the whirl
is rotated the spindle blade will be rotated in
air will be created over the heat radiating ?ns
unison therewith. As shown the upper end oi.’
to. cool the spindle case and spindle.
the hub 28 isi'ormed with a pad or seat‘ 28 the
Other features include a single ball thrust
upper surface oi’ which rises abovethe general
hearing against which the bottom ‘end of the.
level 0! thephub 28 so that ‘when a bobbin is
spindle runs‘.
mounted on the upper end of the whirl it will be
Referring to the drawings:
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held in spaced relation to the hub. Formed at
Figure 1 is a side view of a textile spindle
the junction of the side walls 28 of the whirl and
embodying the features of this invention,
‘
the hub 28 are upwardly and outwardly extend
Figure 2- is a top plan view of the spindle illus
20 ing passages 30 the purpose of which will more
trated in Figure 1,
_ ‘
fully hereinafter appear. The lower. end of the
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the spindle,
whirl is spaced from the upper surface of the
Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view showing
?ange H as will be readily appreciated upon ref
certain portions in elevation to more clearly
illustrate the details oi‘ construction,
7
erence to the drawings.
In operation it will be understood that as the
whirl 25‘ is rotated the spindle blade 23 will ro
tate in unison therewith and due to the rapid
motion of the passages 38 a draft of air will be.
drawn upwardly between the heat radiating ?ns
l8 and the innerface oi the wall 26 oi’ the whirl
and discharged outwardly through the passages
38, thus effecting a cooling of the spindle.
While it is perfectly possible to cool the spindle
as previously described, I ?nd it advantageous
35 to enclose the fins l8 in a suitable sleeve 8 l' which
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view through 35.
the spindle,
,
.
Figure 6 is a transverse sectional view taken
substantially on the line 8-6 of Figure 5, and
Figure 7- is a transverse sectional view taken
substantially on‘ the line 'l—-,'| of Figure 5.
Referring to the drawings in detail, a spindle
case designated generally Ill comprises a shank
l I having a screw threaded end l2 for the‘ re
ception of a nut l3 by means oi’ which the spin
dle case is clamped- to a spindle rail against a
flange H formed on the spindle‘ case body in
termediate. its ends. That portion oi.’ the spin
dle case body 15 which projects above the ?ange '
is of a diameter to avoid contact with the ?ns
so as ‘to permit the free ?ow of air upwardly and
around the heat radiating ?ns. This sleeve is
dle case is a bore I‘! which is provided adjacent
- These openings are to provide ventilation so- that
provided adjacent its upper and lower ‘ends with
“ is provided with annular heat radiating ?ns
l8. Opening through the upper end of the spin 40 annular rows of openings 32 and 33 respectively.
as the air is drawn upwardly by the rapid rota
tion of the openings 80 in. the whirl 25 it will
the upper bearing in the spindle case in which
enter the passages 82 at the bottom oi‘ the sleeve
the spindle, to be more fully hereinafter de
45 8i and pass upwardly over the ?ns I6 and then
scribed, runs. The lower end of the bore I'I com
outwardly through the passages 82 at the top of
municates with a tapered bore 20 extending
- its upper end with an enlarged bore l8 forming
i almost to the bottom end of the spindle case and
the sleeve to be discharged through the openings
38 in the whirl. As previously stated such a.
sleeve Or thimble is not essential to the operation
Rotatably mounted in the bearing i9 is a bear 50 of the device but it does serve to improve-the ap
pearanee of thecase H when the spindle and
ing collar 22 of a spindle blade 22‘, the lower end
whirl have been removed therefrom. ~
of which projects into the bore I1 and is pro
While in the foregoing there has been shown
vided with a oonically tapered portion 24 for en
seated at theyextreme lower end of the bore 28
I .is a bearing ball 2|.
and described the preferred embodiment oi this
try into the conical bore 28 previously described. I
The lower end of the conical extension 24 rests 65 invention it is to be understood that minor
9,419,190
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to be mounted on a spindle rail. heat radiating
nns on the spindle case, a spindle mounted in
the case to rotate about a vertical axis. a sleeve
‘encircling the heat radiating tins and means
operable upon rotation of the spindle to create a
draft of air through the sleeve and over the ?ns
changes in the details 01' construction, combina
tion and arrangement oi’ parts may be resorted
to without departing from the spirit and scope of
the invention as claimed.
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I
What I claim is:
i. 1. Ina textile spindle, a spindle case adapted
to cool the case. .
.
to be mounted on a spindle rail, a spindle mount
5. In a textile spindle a spindle case adapted to
ed in the case to rotate about a vertical axis, and
be mounted on a spindle rail, heat radiating Line
a whirl on the spindle, said whirl surrounding
the spindle case and having an annular row oi 10 on the spindle case, a spindle mounted in the case
to rotate about a vertical axis, a whirl on the
outwardly inclined openings in its upper end to
spindle and enclosing the heat radiating line, said
create a draft of air upwardly between the spin
whirl having spaced openings in its upper end
dle case and the whirl as the whirl rotates the
which serve to create a draft oi! air over the line
spindle.
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to cool the case.
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2. In a textile spindle a spindle case adapted
6. In a textile spindle a spindle case adapted
to be mounted on a spindle rail, heat radiating
> to be mounted on a spindle rail, heat radiating
?ns on the‘ spindle case, av sleeve encircling the
?ns on the spindle case, a thrust ball in the spin
' heat radiating ?ns and means to create a draft '
dle case, a spindle resting on the ball and rotata
of air through the sleeve and over the ?ns to cool
the‘ spindle case.
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20 ble in the case about a vertical axis, a spindle
3. In a textile spindle a spindle case adapted
blade at the upper end of the spindle, a whirl on
to be mounted on a spindle rail, heat radiating >
the spindle, said whirl encircling the heat radiat
ing ?ns and ‘having an annular row of spaced
openings at the junction of its top and side walls
fins on the spindle case, a spindle mounted in
the case to rotate about a vertical axis and means ‘
operable upon rotation of the spindle to create 25 whereby when the whirl is driven a draft of air '
‘ a draft of air over the fins to cool the case.
4. In a textile spindle a spindle case adapted
will be created over the fins to cool the case.
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ELIOT G. CRAWFORD.
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