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Патент USA US2412172

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Dec. 3, 1946.
E. L. PETTIT
`
2,412,172
'GARMENT FINISHER
Filed Aug. 13, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet l
A Tram/Ex
Dec. 3, 1946.
2,412,172
E. |_. PETTIT
GARMENT FINISHER
Filed Aug. 13, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Patented Dec'. 3, 194e
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2,412,172
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,112
GARMENT Fmsrmn
am 1.. Pettit, Winfield, Kans.
Application August 13, 1945, serial No. 610,602
9 Claims. (c1. 22a-ss)
2
1
sizing the bag laterally to the garment being
ñnished, and thereafter manipulating other parts
This invention relates to the garment ñnish
ing art and particularly to equipment used in the
conditioning of clothing such as coats and the
like after they have been passed through clean
ing machines and the primary aim of my inven
tion is the provision of a garment ñnisher capable
of removing wrinkles from the treated piece of
Wearing apparel and rendering the same ready
of the frame to insure a longitudinal, taut condi
tion, irrespective of the position of adjustment
of the aforesaid laterally shiftable parts, all for
the purpose of preventing objectionable ilaring
at the bottom of the garment.
A further object of my invention is to pro
vide a garment ñnisher wherein is incorporated,
One of the important objects of the instant 10 an unique frame having separate parts for ac
commodating garments of different sizes, which
invention is to provide a garment finisher that
parts are separately manipulable for meeting the
is efiicient in its operation, quickly adjustable
cross sectional dimensions of the garment and
to garments of various sizes and capable of hold
for use.
. for holding the bag of the finisher in a longi
ing the garments in proper position as a blast of
hot air and steam is directed outwardly through 15 tudinally taut condition throughout the limit of
the range of adjustment of said parts.
the fabric from which the garments are con
Other objects of the invention are of vital im
structed.
portance and will appear during the course of
Other aims of the invention include the pro
the following specification referring to the ac
vision of an unique frame for operably support
ing a bag where the garment may be drawn 20 companying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 .is a side elevational view of the garment
therearound; means for clamping the front and
iinisher made in accordance with the present in
rear portions of the garment securely in place
vention but showing the lower portion or base
prior to the introduction of a blast of steam
thereof in section.
or hot air; means for expanding the lowermost
portion of the bag to “size” the same and struc 25 Flg. 2 is a front elevational view of the garment
ñnisher with parts broken away for clearness of
ture for expanding the bag at a point near the
illustration.
waist line of the garment being treated.
Fig. 3 is a transverse irregular cross sectional
This invention has for further aims to pro
view taken along line III--Illll of Fig. 1.
vide unique means for adjusting not only the
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detailed sectional view
height of the bag onto which the garment being 30
taken on line IV-IV of Fig. 1, and
finished is wrapped but the circumference there
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
of at at least two points along the length of
along line V-V of Fig. 1.
,
the bag to maintain the latter in an extended
'I'he parts constructed pursuant to my inven
position where the air and steam will readily
pass
therethrough `to
treat t the surroundingv 35 tion are mounted upon a base generally desig
nated by the numeral I0 and comprising a steam
fabric.
Because of the operating and manipulative
chamber I2, a blower I4, a radiator I6 and a
steam pipe I8, all of known characteristics.
These parts within base I0 are designed and
ment finisher having as a component part there 40 -disposed to project a blast of hot air and steam
upwardly into a fabric bag 20 of loose and flow
of, a bag and supporting frame, which frame is
ing nature which is draped over a frame work
adjustable both laterally and longitudinally for
comprising a neck and shoulder form 22, a rear
the purpose of adapting the Abag to garments of
strip 24, a front strip 26 and a supporting column
a wide range of sizes. The frame is unique in
its ability to maintain the bag in a taut condi 45 consisting of a tubular section 28 and a vertically
reciprocable bar 30. Tubular section 28 of the
tion longitudinally >while the transverse dimen
column is rigid and held against lateral dis
sions of the bag are substantially the same as
placement by braces 32 extending upwardly from
the garment being treated, due to the employ
base I0, as clearly illustrated in Fig. 1.
ment of a number of laterally shifta'ole parts
Bar 30 is exposed near its lower end by cut
manually movable by the operator as the garment 50
ting away a portion of tubular section 28 to pre
~ being finished is introduced to the finisher.
Another important object of the invention is
sent an opening 34 and to present teeth 36 to
a segment 38. These teeth 36 are in the nature
the provision of a garment finisher, wherein is
advantages arising from this invention, one of the
most>` important objects is the provision of a gar
l
incorporated a ñexible, porous bag and a frame,
of a rack and segment 38 has teeth‘in the arcu
the nature of said frame being such as to permit 55 ate face thereof in mesh with teeth 36 of bar 36.
‘
v
2,412,172
3
Segment 88 is pivotally mounted as at 48 and is
movable about its pivotal point Iby a foot lever
42, the nature whereof is well known in the art.
As downward pressure is exerted upon pedal 44,
lever 42 is moved to rotate segment 38 and raise
bar I8 to lift the neck and shoulder form 22 and
the front and rear strips 26 and 24 respectively.
Bag 28 is closed at its top and hangs down
wardly from neck and shoulder form 22 to be
engaged by the bag holding ring 46 mounted
upon the top of base I8. Bag 28 is secured to
ring 46 by a clamping ring or any other suitable
means, for precluding accidental displacement.
V4
' l
rotated in one direction, jaws 68will be moved
outwardly against bag 28. When shaft 68 is
rotated in the opposite direction, jaws 68 will
move inwardly and therefore, allow the bag to
be lengthened through the medium of foot lever
42 and its associated parts.
Expanding structure for the bag 28 is disposed
between strips 24 and 26 and within the frame
which they produce to move the bag 28 laterally
at the point where a pairof segments 84 are dis
posed. These segments are mounted upon stems
86 and joined to a plate 88 by links 98 in much
the same fashion as described with respect to -
Thus the bottom of bag 28 is placed into direct
the bag fexpanding mechanism just detailed.
15 Plate 88 is rotatable about a trunnion 8l carried
communication with steam chamber l2.
. When a garment such as an overcoat, house
by bar 38 and a-s this plate_is turned about the
coat or similar piece of wearing apparel is draped
axis of trunnion 9i in one direction, segments
upon the neck and shoulder form 22 and brought
84 will move outwardly to expand bag 28. As
together along its open front, clamps 48 and 58
the plate 88 is rotated about trunnion 9| in the
are moved toward strips 24 and 26 respectively 20 opposite direction _segments l84 will be moved in
to secure the garment and its under-lying bag
wardly. Means for expanding and contracting
28 in a position where the said garment will not
the segments 84 is provided at the top of the
accidentally open under the influence of the air,
frame and comprises a screw-threaded shaft 92
steam and blast force exerted by blower I4.
passing through block 84- mounted on bar 88.
Clamps 48 and 58 are identical in nature and are 25 'I'his block 84 is internally threaded and is 0p
arranged to be swung toward and from the op
eratively engaged by the screw-threaded portion
erative position against their respective strips by
the operator who manually manipulates the
of shaft 92.
Handle 96 is within easy reach of
the operator and quick adjustment is permitted
when the garment is placed about bag 28 for the
handles provided for the purpose. Clamp 48 has
a. handle 52 to which said clamp 48 is attached 30 purpose of smoothing the wrinkles therefrom.
by a hinge 54. Handle 52 is hinged directly to
After the garment has been fitted over bag 28
the rigid support 56 and a spring 58 serves to
and the latter is in a smooth condition due to the
yieldably maintain the clamp 48 and associated
function of clamps 48 and 58 and -bag expand
handle 52 in either the inoperative position
ing mechanism at the bottom of the bag, as well
shown in Fig. l or the operative position where 35 as the mechanism just described, steam and hot
clamp 48 is against strip 24. Clamp 58 is of a
air is forced outwardly through the bag and the
similar character to that just described with re
garment to positively eliminate such wrinkles
spect to clamp 48 and while the length of said
as might have been present therein. Conven
clamp 58 is slightly longer than the length of
tional sleeve forms are used and an opening in
clamp 48, the function of both of said clamps 40 the bag 28 (not here shown) allows the escape
48 and 58 is the same and the garment is held
of steam into the sleeve forms simultaneously
in closed condition against the strips 24 and 26
with the forcing of steam outwardly through the
when the blast of air and steam is being direct
body of the garment. Through the employment
ed upwardly through the bag 28 and out there- .
of such structure as has been detailed above, bag
through to the fabric of the garment being fin 45 28 is expanded to its fullest heighth when the
ished. Without these clamps the garmentI being
expanding mechanism and expanding structure
finished would part at the front and rear open
at the bottom and waist line respectively, are
ings and flare outwardly at the bottom to pre
Withdrawn to their minimum size. When the
sent an objectionable distorted condition. The
bag is expanded laterally to its fullest extent by
bag 28 is, of course, long enough to accommodate 50 the said expanding mechanism and expanding
any garment that is to be finished on the ap
structure, it is in its shortest condition. During
paratus and the vertical adjustment through the
the operation when the coat being treated is in
use of foot lever 42 will not disturb the possibility
place, handles >'I8 and 86 are manipulated to
of positioning clamps 48 and 58 against their re
“size” the bag at the waist and bottom. Then
spective strips 24 and 26.
55 the foot lever 42 is pressed to draw the bag in
The mechanism for expanding the bag later
a taut condition and the steam and hot air` is
ally at the lowermost part of the frame and near
injected upwardly through the open bottom of
where bag 2,8 is attached to ring 46, is clearly
the bag.
-
shown in Fig. 3. The bag should be held against
'I'he adjustability of the garment finisher is of
the inside of the garment being steamed and, 60 prime importance and the means whereby such
therefore, is expanded outwardly near the bot
adjustment may be accomplished must of neces
tom by a pair of `laws 68, segmental in charac
sity, be easily operated and quickly manipulated
ter, and each mounted on a stem 62 for radical
by the attendant. 'I'he vertical movement on the
or lateral movement with respect to the vertical
part of elements 22, 24 and 26 is independent of
axis of the frame. Each stem 62 is slidably 65 clamps 48 and 58, but strips 24 and 26 are always
cradled in a channel 64, rigid to ring 46 and a
present to cooperate with said clamps regardless
plate 66 is rotatably mounted on column 28 to
of the length of the garment.
be moved about the axis of said column when
threaded. shaft 68 is rotated by the 'operator
Operation
through the medium of handle 18. An internally 70
The equipment detailed in the specification
threaded block 12 is in screw-threaded engage
ment with shaft 68 and the inner end of the shaft
just above set down and illustrated in the draw
is attached to plate 66 through the medium of a
ings, is versatile to such an extent that coat type
link 88, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. Links 82 join
garments of widely varying sizesmay be effective
plate 86 and the stems 62 and when shaft 68 is 75 ly finished if the operator avails himself of the
2,412,172
6
full advantages emanating from the structure de
fined.
When a coat of relatively small size is intro
duced to the bag, jaws 60 and segments 84 are
moved laterally to points where the inside dimen
sions of the garment being finished are met and
the bag 20 is held thereagainst.
Due to the size of bag 20 and its ability to ac
commodate coats of a wide range of sizes, it be
comes necessary to hold the fabric bag 20 in a taut
condition longitudinally regardless of the posi
tion of jaws 60 and segments 84. Foot lever 42
is always manipulated to draw the material of
bag 20 in a taut condition, therefore, prior to the
introduction of fluid through chamber I2.y No
flaring at the bottom of bag 28 is possible and
since clamps 48 and 50 hold the garment as well
as the bag 28 against strips 24 and 28, no undue
lateral stretching can occur.
_
having hot air and steam generating equipment
therein, in communication ’with the bag at the
bottom thereof; a clamp disposed to cooperate
with each strip respectively for holding a gar
ment against the said bag along the said strips;
means for raising and lowering the frame inde
pendently of the clamps; means for securing ,the
bag to the base at the open bottom of the former;
and mechanism near the bottom of the bag for
expanding the bag laterally between said strips
and above its line of securement to the base.
4. A garment finisher of the character _de
scribed comprising a frame having a, front and
a back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder
form; a support for the frame; an open bottom
bag of ñexible, porous material over the frame;
a base, having hot air and steam generating
equipment therein, inA communication with the
bag at the bottom thereof; a, clamp disposed to
It will be obvious that when a small size coat 20 cooperate with each strip respectively for holding
a garment against the said bag along the said
strips; means for raising and lowering the frame
so far as the material from which bag 20 is made,
independently of the clamps; means for securing
is concerned. These lines of fold or gatherings
the bag to the base at the open bottom of the
will extend longitudinally of bag 20 however, and
no “fullness” between the upper and lower ends 25 former; means for raising and lowering the frame
independently of the base to lengthen or shorten
of the bag 20 will be present to allow an acciden- .
the bag; and structure carried by the frame for
tal lengthening of the bag when the hot iluid is
expanding the bag laterally between the said
introduced. If such lengthening were permitted,
strips of the frame at substantially the waist line
the bag would enlarge radially and where not
...is being finished, some gathering will be present,
secured in place, a distortion would occur and a 30 of the garment being finished.
5. A garment finisher of the character de
scribed comprising a frame hav-ing a front and
a back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder
ment finisher is such as to allow for al1 neces
form; a support for the frame; an open bottom
sary adjustment which ends in a definite tightening of the bag 20 longitudinally, no objectionable 35 -bag of flexible, porous material over the frame;
a base, having hot air .and steam generating
occurrence of the character just mentioned will
daring of the garment being treated would un
doubtedly result. Since the lframe of the gar
equipment therein, in communication with the
bag at the bottom thereof; a clamp disposed to
cooperate with each strip lrespectively for hold
tics different from those described and illustrated
may be made without departing from the spirit 40 ing a garment against the said bag along the
said strips; means for raising and lowering the
of the invention or scope of the appended claims.
frame
independently of the clamps; means for
Having thus described my invention what I
securing the bag to the base at the open bottom
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat
of the former; means for raising and lowering
ent is:
the
frame independently of the base to lengthen
45
1. A garment ñnisher of the character de
or shorten the bag; structure carried by the frame
scribed comprising a frame having a front and a
for expanding the bag laterally between the said
back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder form;
strips of the frame at substantially the waist line
a support for the frame; an open bottom- bag of
of the garment being iinished; and mechanism
flexible, porous material over the frame; a base,
the bottom of the bag for expanding the bag
having hot air and steam generating equipment 60 near
laterally between the said strips and above its
therein, in communication with the bag at the
line of securement to the base.
bottom thereof; a clamp disposed to cooperate
6. A garment finisher of the character de
with each strip respectively for holding a garment
scribed comprising a frame having a front and
against the said bag along the said strips; and
a back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder
present itself.
Garment ñnishers having physical characteris
means for raising and lowering the frame inde
pendently of the clamps.
2. A garment finisher of the character -de
form; a support for the frame; an openA bottom
bag of flexible, porous material over the frame;
a base, having hot air and steam generating
equipment therein, in communication with the
back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder form;
bag
at the bottom thereof; a clamp disposed to
60
a support for the frame; an open bottom bag of
cooperate with each strip respectively for hold
flexible, porous material over the frame; a base,
ing a garment against the said bag along the
having hot air and steam generating equipment
said strips; and means for> raising and lowering
therein, in communication with the bag at the
the frame independently of the clamps, said
bottom thereof; .a clamp disposed to cooperate
with each strip respectively for holding a garment 65 clamps each comprising a support rigid to the
base, an elongated head coextensive in length
against the said bag along the said strips; means
with a portion of the strips, and releasable,
for securing the bag to the base at the open bot
tom of the former; and means for raising and \ manually operable elements for holding the head
against the adjacent strip with the bag and gar
lowering the frame independently of the base to
70 ment being finished therebetween.
lengthen or shorten the bag.
7. A garment finisher of the character de
3. A garment ilnisher Vof the character> de
scribed comprising a frame having a front and
scribed comprising a frame having a front and a
a back vertical strip, and a'neck and shoulder
back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder form;
form; a support for the frame; an open bottom
a support for the frame; an open bottom bag of
flexible, porous material over the frame; a base, 75 bag of ilexible, porous material over the frame;
scribed comprising a frame having a front and a
2,412,172
a base, having hot air and steam generating
of the frame, and manually operable parts for
equipment therein, in communication with the
bag at the bottom thereof; a clamp disposed to
cooperate with each strip respectively for hold
ing a garment against the said bag along the said
strips; and means for raising and lowering the
shifting the said segments.
frame independently of the clamps, said means
for raising and lowering the frame comprising a
vertically shiftable bar, and a foot operated lever
'
9. A garment finisher of the character de
scribed comprising a frame having a front and
a -back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder
form; a support for the frame; an open bottom
bag of ilexible, porous material over the frame; i
a base, having hot air and steam generating
equipment therein, in communication with the
operably connected to the bar for reciprocating 10 bag at the bottom thereof; a clamp `disposed to
cooperate with each strip respectively for hold
the same longitudinally.
ing a garment against the said bag along the said
8. A garment finisher of the character de
strips; means for raising and lowering the frame
scribed comprising a frame having a iront and
independently of the clamps; means for securing
a back vertical strip, and a neck and shoulder
form; a support for the frame; an open bottom 15 the bag to the base at the open bottom of the
former; means for raising and lowering the frame
bag of flexible, porous material over the frame;
a base, having hot air and steam generating Y y_imi'ependently of the base to lengthen or shorten
equipment therein, in communicationwith the'ff‘A ' the bag; and structure carried by the frame for
expanding the bag laterally between the saidV
bag at the bottom thereof; a clamp disposedf'to
cooperate with each strip respectivelyNf/orf hold 20 strips of the frame at substantiaily the waist line
ing `a garment against the said ba'gJY-älong the
oi' the garment being finished, said expanding
structure comprising a plurality of segments
said strips; means for raising `, and'lowering the
frame independently of the clamps; means for
radially movable toward and from the vertical
axis of the frame, and manually operable link
securing the Ibag to,th'e/»bä`se at the open bottom
of the former; land mechanism near ythe bottom 25 age for simultaneously shifting all of said seg
of the bagvfor expanding the bag laterally be-v
ments to alter the circumference of the ba'g
tween said strips and above its line of secure
between the parts thereof confined between the
said strips and their cooperating clamps.
ment to the base, said expanding mechanism
comprising 'a plurality of arcuate segments radi
ally movable toward and from the vertical axis 30
EARLL. PE’I'ITI'.
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