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Патент USA US2412188

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Dec. 3, 1946.
Filed Sept. '18, 1941
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Dec. 3, .1946;
Filed Sept. 18, 1941*
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
PatentedDec. 3, 1946
Harry 0. Wolfenden, Attleboro, Mass.
Application September 18, 1941, Serial No. 411,415v
_1 Claim. (Cl._68_—177) "
I also provide novel means to enable a fresh
My present invention is a novel and improved
machine for dyeing cloth, yard or piece goods in
various lengths or bolts.
In my development of improved dyeing appa
ratus, such for example as is illustrated in my
prior and copending application Ser. No. 341,675,
?led June 21, 1940, now Patent 2,292,811, Aug. 11,
supply of dyeing liquor to be added to the closed
receptacle which is mixed in a chamber adjacent
to the closed receptacle. In addition to this, I
provide means for drawing some of the old liquor
from the closed receptacle into the mixing cham
ber to be used vwith the new liquor which insures
a more uniform admixture of the fresh supply
1942, I have devised new and improved methods
when it is forced into the interior of the recep
of dyeing and handling yarn and the like in a
substantially closed receptacle, with a pump op 10' tacle so that it will intermingle and mix more
e?iciently with the -mass of liquid within the
erating to produce a continuous circulation, and
apparatus. Facilities are also arranged for ~pre
with means for effecting a constant agitation
or bubbling thru the dyeing liquid, thus keeping . heating this new supply, if necessary, before
pumping into the closed receptacle.
the dyeing liquid uniformly mixed by reason of
15 _Referring to the drawings illustrating a pre
the turbulence caused by the bubbling action.
ferred embodiment of the present invention:
Furthermore, I utilize pre-heated vapors, gases,
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the apparatus
steam, and the like from the upper part. of the ' viewing the same from the operator’s left;
closed receptacle, which are supplied to the lower
Fig, 2'is a side elevational view of the apparatus
part to effect the bubbling and agitation, thus
the operator’s right;
preserving the temperature and saving greatly 20 from
in the supply of heat or steam ordinarily required.
line 3—3 of Fig. 1, and
’ >
My present invention is directed particularly
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view on
to handling various lengths of cloth or such
line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
textile material. Furthermore, I have devised
As shown in the drawings, a receptacle of wood
novel and improved methods of adding fresh
or other suitable material, comprising a bottom
supplies of dyeing liquid from time to time by
portion I, sides 2-2, front 3, and back l is shown,
utilizing a portion'of the dye already in the re
of the receptacle thus formed being
ceptacle and during the continuous operation of - the interior
with a metallic lining 5, as best shown
the apparatus and while still operating as a closed 30 ‘provided
in Figs. 3 and 4. This lining 5 is ?tted closely
adjacent the interior of the receptacle, except
This latter feature, viz., utilizing the liquid
already in use for heating fresh supplies of dyes
and chemicals is of particular importance, effect
' ing a uniformity in the fresh dye supplied from
time to time which, in my opinion,
is a _ distinct
. that it is in the form of a curved section between
- the rear part of the bottom I and back 4, as indi
cated at 6, to facilitate the feeding'and sliding
35 of the material being treated during the dyeing
operation, as will be further explained. The cover
“I is adapted to constitute a relatively tight top
for the receptacle and for this purpose may be
In carrying out my present invention, an ap
paratus of any suitable size or dimension to'take
as shown at l2--I2 (Fig. 2) either back
a commercial length of yard- or piece-goods, or 40 hinged
or at one side, and a rubber gasket ll, or the
other textile material to be treated, is provided
like, is supplied on which the cover In rests.
with means for automatically rotating the cloth
A handle l5 will facilitate opening of the cover
within a closed receptacle, together with liquid
"I and closing it, when desired. The metallic lin
supplying devices, heating devices such as steam
pipes or the like, and- circulating means which 45 ing 5 may be of stainless steel and, preferably, is
of 'a metal which will not be affected by the liquid
will serve to withdraw the‘ heated vapors and.
contained within the apparatus. While any lin
gases from the upper part of the receptacle and
ing material may be suilicient, provided it does
supply the same in the bottom portion under
not discolor the, dye or a?‘ect the dyeing opera
sufficient pressure to cause a bubbling agitation
of the entire mass of liquid, all during the dyeing 50 tion, I find that stainless steel is best suited for
this purpose.
action and while the cloth is being continuously
Platforms IS on the left and 11 on the right of
run therethru.
the apparatus are provided for the convenience
I also provide mechanism to readily feedv in
of the operator, as the height of the sides 2 is
and feed out the cloth beforeand after being
considerable and it is necessary to inspect and
treated so as to handle the same with speed and
clean the interior when the cover It is lifted, as
well as to prepare or thread in the articles‘ to be
ply of steam, as desired, and after the interior
~ ' temperature of the receptacle and the liquid
In Fig. 4 I have illustrated a length of cloth 20
therein has been brought to the proper degree 01'
heat, the steam may be shut oil.’ by operating the
'to be treated, which is led over the cross-rods 2|
of a pair of rotatable barrel reels, which may have
I valve 09.
concave covering to help eliminate cloth-tan- _
' I may provide an automatic steam control and
gling. each comprising an axle 22 and a pair of.
discs 23, the rods 2i extending between said discs
and the axles extending outside two bearings 30, 1
as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. vThe cloth .20 is led 10
in the direction of the arrow, Fig. 4, and accumu
indicator to eliminate the use of the manual valve
shutoff 69 by means of a branch or bypass ‘I0 with
an automatic governor designated generally at
lates in folds 25 along the inclined part 9 of the
lining '5 and along the bottom part, and this
colth is kept in continuous movement by the rota-,
tion of the barrel reels, with concave covering,
22 and 23 and by joining the ends by lacings or
other fastenings as indicated at 21. To rotate
the reels 22 and 23, the axles extend thru the
outside and beyond the bearings of the recep
‘II, having an indicator ‘I2 and a handle ‘I3 to ad- ‘
just the same to the degree of ‘temperature de
sired, which, when set- will automatically control
, theinle't and shutoff of the steam supply, this
being‘ a well-known standard steam governor.
I also provide a branch 80 from the steam inlet
‘conduit 65 controlled by a valve 8|, which extends
downwardly alongside the receptacle into a dye
' mixing tank 82, so that when additional supplies
of new‘dyeing liquid are to be supplied, ‘the same
tacle, see Fig. 2, and each is provided with a 20 may be mixed in a tank '82 heated by the steam
sprocket wheel ~3| around which a sprocket chain
supply thru manipulation of the valve BI, and
33 is led from a motor-driven wheel 34, whereby
then'be pumped into the interior of the re
actuation by a motor 40 thru a reduction gear 35
For this purpose an outlet from the tank 44
acts to rotate the sprocket chain and, hence, the
barrel reels operate in unison.
25 is ?tted, as indicated at 85, which is preferably
?tted underneath the tank 82, said tank being
As illustrated in Fig. 2, the motor 40 is mounted
on a bracket 39 on the right side of the apparatus
raised slightly by brackets 84-434 holding the
from the position of the operator and the axle 36 . tank on the platform H, see Figs. 1 and 3. From
to the reduction gear 35 is also mounted on said
the conduit 85, a branch pipe 86 leads to a pump
bracket and may be thrown into or out of opera 30 88, which in turn, by a pipe 89 thru a two-way
' valve I90 and a further pipe 9I, extends into the
tion, as desired, bythe operator from a switch
interior of the receptacle and downwardly thru
board {H at the front of the apparatus.
I divide the interior. of the receptacle by a
the conduit 92 to a crosshead 93 near the bottom
perforated metal screen 44, having a series of,
of the tank between the screen 44 and the end,
said crosshead being perforated at 95,,Fig. 3.
openings therethru as indicated at 46——48 extend
ing throughout the entire width and ‘substantially
The pump 88 is operated in either direction by
to the height of the interior of the receptacle at
a reversible motor 96, turning a pulley 91 and
belt 98, which latter is led around a pulley I00
the'front end, and with a curved top portion'48
operating the pump 88. A two-way valve IN is
to protect the cloth 20 from the heating, steam,
supply and circulating pipes which are positioned 40 ?tted, as shown in Fig. 1, so that the operation
of the pump 88 may be either to pump the con
between the screen 44 and the front of the appa
ratus, the curved part 48 also protecting the cloth
tents of the tank 82 thru the pipes 85, 38, 89, 9|,
and 92 into. the receptacle, or by reversing the
20 when it is fed into and out of the interior, as‘
motor to pump the contents of the receptacle
will be further explained.
Suitable dye is supplied within the receptacle ' thru the pipes 92,‘9I, 89,, 86, and 85 into the
tank 82, thus filling or partly ?lling the tank 82
at approximately the level indicated at 50, al
v and getting a, heated mixture with the new sup
though of course this level may be raised or low
ered as desired.
_ -
An overflow pipe Si is ?tted at any convenient
point, preferably at the front of the appara
tus as shown, with its outlet slightly above the .
normal desired level 50, and a drain pipe (not'
shown) may be fitted’ at the bottom of the re-,
ceptacle. At the front of the apparatus I ?t a
ply for more uniform and continuous liquid dye
after the- general scheme of a regenerative
process. A valve I90 is ?tted in the conduit“
with a short pipe I06 therefrom to discharge into
the regenerative mixing ‘tank 32, to divert a pre
determined amount of the liquid dye during the
liquid circulating operation, for testing or mixing,
pair of brackets 55-,—55 spaced at each side of 56 if desired.
the width of the receptacle and extending out
Furthermore, I can utilize the pump 88 to effect
wardly to carry a rotatable takeaway roll, each ' a circulation directly within the receptacle itself.
For this» purpose, I provide a pipe I03 leading
comprising an axle 56 and guard 51, between
which guards are rods 58. _
from the valve IOI into the interior of'the re- .
This stick is rotated by a belt 60 from a pulley 60 ‘ceptacle thru‘an opening I05, which thus en
ceptacle and thus securing its rotatable power
ables me to utilize the pump 88 to draw out
liquid dye from ‘the interior of the receptacle
thru the openings in the crosshead 93 and'thence
thru the pipes 92, 8|, 89, valve IN and pipe I03
back into the receptacle thru the opening I 05.v
from the motor 40.
I may also utilize this opening I05 as an addi
‘ 59 on the outside of one end of the shaft, as shown
in Fig. 2, the other end of the belt being ?tted
around a pulley BI on the axle 22 of the for-v
’ wardly .positioned rotatable roll within the -re
Steam‘ for heating is supplied from any suitable
source of power thru a conduit 95 extending thru
the side wall of the receptacle and downwardly, _
tional outlet by providing an elbow and’conduit
above‘ the level of the opening I05, as indicated
at, I60 and downwardly thru‘ the discharge pipe
see Fig. 3, thru an internal pipe 66, which termi 70 I04. Ifthis method of over?ow is utilized, I
nates in a cross-pipe 81 near the bottom of the
would probably eliminate the over?ow pipe 0|
receptacle and in the short space between the
or would have to have this outlet at substantially
screen 44 and the adjacent front end, the cross
the height of the pipe I06.
pipe 61 being perforated by a series 01' holes 08,
Thus it will be seen that I can utilize the pump
as shown in Fig. 3. A valve 69 controls» this sup 76 88 with an appropriate turning of the valves I90
and IN and reversal of the pump to either pump
the contents of the mixing and new supply tank
82 directly into the receptacle, or to e?ect a
partial ?lling of the tank 82 by way of the pipe
I06, or to pump the contents of the tank 82 into
the receptacle or e?ect a circulation thru the
receptacle of the liquid dye already therein.
Hot and cold water may be supplied, respec
tively, thru a pipe I40 for hot water, and III
reels 23-23, with the ends Joined together‘ at
21; the cover then closed, and the mechanism
started. Freshdye can be supplied from time to
time thru the mixing tank 82 and can be both
preheated and premixed by a supply or charge
from liquid contained within the receptacle, as
above explained.
After the proper length of time for the dyeing
operation, the cover I0 is then lifted and the
for cold, into a union I42 and thence into the 10 end of the cloth 2'! located by continuing the
rotation of the reels 23 until such end 21 is then
inlet I43 in the rear wall of the receptacle, as
reached; whereupon the lacing or other means
shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 4.
uniting the two ends is severed and-this end
'Also, hot and cold water could be arranged to
conducted up over the rounded comer 48 of the
supply the same into the tank 82, conduits I45
and I46 being illustrated for this purpose from 15 screen, and to the rotating roll on the axle 50
held by the brackets 55 along‘ the dotted line
any suitable source of supply, with valves I41
I33, Fig.4.
and I48, respectively, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3.
Thus, my improved apparatus is efficiently op
- I may‘ also desire to apply a clock I50 at the
erated, conserving heat, saving time, penetrat
front of the machine, as shown in Fig. 1, for con
venience of the operator in keeping track of the 20 ing the fabrics more thoroughly and uniformly,
having the advantage of tending to create a par
dyeing operations.
tial vacuum, plusthe fact that the machine is
I prefer to utilize means which will automati
totally enclosed the greater part of the time,
cally draw the vapors in the receptacle and above
eliminating the steam getting into the building,
the level 50 of the dyeing llquidand supply the
same under pressure to the bottom of the re 25 which is most detrimental‘ to the construction
of same, causing excessive rotting anddeteriora
ceptacle, thus producing a constant agitation,
tion which has always been a serious factor in
bubbling, or turbulence within the liquid to keep
dyehouse construction.
the same in proper admixture and condition,
I claim:
affording a more uniform dyeing action on the
Apparatus of the kind described for dyeing
cloth and the like sheet articles, comprising a
For this purpose I arranged a perforated pipe
closed pressure-tight receptacle adapted to hold
I20 having a series of perforations I2I arranged
a mass of dyeing liquid therein, partially ?lling
therethru which is positioned substantially as
said receptacle, rotatable means within said re
shown in Fig. 3, and leads outside the receptacle
ceptacle adapted to carry and move articles to
thru a pipe I22, pump I23, and thence thru a
' return conduit I24 back into the receptacle and
downwardly thru a pipe I25 to a pair of cross
be treated in-a predetermined direction therein,
a curved support for said articles‘ between. the
rotatable feeding means adapted to receive said
articles on the upper part of the curved contour
liquor at both 40 of said support in the’ line of feed, said curved
support being below the normal level of liquid
as shaking the
within the receptacle, the progressive feeding ac
folds, and thus
and insuring a
tion removing the articles from the lower por
heads I26 and I2‘! positioned at each side of the
screen 44, as illustrated in Fig. 4, thus, simul
taneously agitating the dyeing
sides of the partition, as well
cloth as it is raised out of the
preventing creases or wrinkles,
more uniform dyeing action.
tion of said curved support, heating means out
Each of these cross-heads is provided with a 45 side the receptacle extending into the inner por-.
series of holes or openings I28. A motor I30 is
tion adapted to supply heat to said dyeing liquid,
arranged to operate the pump I23 thru a belt
I3I or any other connection desired, so that"
vapors or steam from the upper part of the re
a conduit leading within the receptacle from,
above the liquid level to below said liquid level, a
pumpoperative to draw heated vapors thru said
ceptacle will be drawn thru the pipe I20 and 50 conduit and supply same into the liquid under
forced by the pump I23 backwardly thru the
pressure from said pump, a vertically extending
pipe I25 and backwardly to the bottom of the
?xed screen adjacent one end of the receptacle
receptacle, where the preheated vapors will thus
widthwise of the same protecting the articles be
be supplied at the bottom of the liquid dye thru
ing treated from contacting with said conduit
the operation of the motor I30 or by any other
and'steam pipes, an auxiliary mixing tank out
suitable source of power.
Thus, the dye is kept in constant agitation by
preheated means operating in a closed circuit,
side of and adjacent said receptacle, and means
to force liquid from the receptacle to the mixing
tank and from said tank to the receptacle, while
which thereby enables the steam to be shut off
maintaining said receptacle closed in pressure
from the interior of the receptacle for relatively 60 tight condition and during the continuous move
long lengths of time, while still maintaining the
ment of articles being treated within said recep
interior in proper heated condition and simul
tacle, whereby a regenerative process of supply
taneously supplying the bubbling, or agitation de
of fresh-dyeing liquid is intermittently effected
When the cover I0 is opened, the cloth 20 can 65
be threaded into the receptacle over the rotatable
without interrupting the dyeing operations.
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