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Патент USA US2412219

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Dec. 10, 1946.
B. HUNTER
2,412,219
‘
I N v E N T OR
BAA/NE .A/uA/TE/Q
BY
.
ATTO RN EY
Dec. 10, 1946
B_ HUNTER
'
2,412,219
FILING EQUIPMENT
Filed April 20, 1945
I 3 Sheets-Sheet 2
-
INVENTOR
‘
54A/NE HUNT/5R
‘3%);
ATTO R N EY
Dec. 10, 1946.
B. HUNTER
2,412,219
FILING EQUIPMENT
Filed April 20, 1945
A
3 Sheets-Sheet 5
k
INVENTOR
ATTORNEY
Patented ‘Dec. 10, 1946
‘2,412,219
‘UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,219
FILING EQUIPMENT
Blaine Hunter, United StatesNavy, ‘
Staten Island, N. Y.
Application April 20, 1945, Serial No. 589,423
7 Claims.
(Cl. 45-2)
1
2
This invention relates to ?ling systems and
equipment. Speci?cally it has to do with the
mechanics of making ?les available and facili
.at all times be within reach of either the right
or left hand of the operator. .
. tating the work of ?le clerks in getting material
In order. to secure the carriage against acci
dentab“ movement the invention contemplates
from and distributing material among many ?les.
A great many forms of ?ling equipment for
vertical ?les are in use, but in large industries
brake means which are normally applied and
which are released .by the operator through a
conveniently located pedal.
'
The passage-way between the receptacles along
which the carriage is guided is provided at each
with their numerous records and extensive turn
over of the records, the ?oor area occupied by
?le cabinets is necessarily large and the clerks 10 end with bumper means. Therefore, in order to
walk long distances in getting papers from and
provide admission for the operator, at least one
returning papers to the ?les under their individ
of the receptacles has an end section hinged to
ual charge.
swing out, being normally hooked to hold it in
.
To relieve the clerks 0f the necessity of walk
allned position. The track, which serves as the
ing so much in the performance of their‘duties, 15 guide for the carriage, is preferably on a plat
an expedient has heretofore been provided in the
form .to which the ?ling receptacles are ?xed ex
form of traveling cabinets which can be rolled
cept as to the hinged end section which is free of
back and forth by a clerk seated at a desk ad
' the platform but is connected to the rest of the
jacent the path of a cabinet, and thus the de
receptacle by the hinges. In this way the equip—
sired ?ling space can be brought to the clerk. 20 ment composes a unitary structure which is mov
More speci?cally this prior structure is a long,
able as a unit.
‘
open top trough-like receptacle for the ?les which
Conveniently a table or desk may be provided
is mounted to move on antifriction rollers along
on the carriage which will extend across the
space between the receptacles ,and preferably
25 slightly overhang the receptacles so that ?les are
a track.
While this construction of ?ling equipment re
lieves the clerk of the necessity of walking back
not apt to fall between the carriage and recep
and forth along the receptacle, it has certain
tacles. The seat will normally be located so that
definite disadvantages. In the ?rst place it re
the pedal is underneath the desk.
quires nearly double the floor; space actually oc
With this equipment a vsingle operator can
cupied by the ?le holder, in order to provide room 30 service two ?le receptacles of considerable length
for movement. Also there is a limit to the weight
and the physical labor entailed is reduced to a
which can be moved with the ordinarily available
minimum.v If desired, of course, the carriage can
strength of a ?le clerk, and consequently there
be provided with automatic motor equipment, but
_ is a limit to the practical length of each unit.
it has been found that with proper antifriction
This invention provides a construction which
rolling support for the carriage, it can be manu
also permits the clerk or operator to remain
ally translated by the operator with the exercise
seated while performing the ?ling functions, but
of moderate force.
which obviates the disadvantages above men
Other speci?c features of the invention will ap
pear from the following description of the em
In accordance with this invention a traveling 40 bodiment of the invention illustrated in the ac
carriage is provided for the operator’s seat which
companying drawings.
rolls upon a track alongside of an elongated ?le
Fig. 1 is a perspective showing two equipments
receptacle, and preferably two receptacles are
embodying the invention.
disposed side by side with just enough space for
Fig. 2 is a plan of one of the equipments with
the carriage and track between them. In this 45 parts broken away and parts in section.
way the two ?les are accessible to a single opera
Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are details of the carriage and
tor who can roll himself back and forth along
brake mechanism, Fig. 3 being ‘a plan partially in
the ?les as required.
section, Fig. 4 being a section on line 4--4 of Fig.
More speci?cally the receptacles are long, open
3, and Fig. 5 being a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 3.
tioned.
,
.
>
top members provided at intervals with ?xed 60
spacers which have a projection on their top edge
near the inner end thereof which can be grasped
by the operator and pulled or pushed on to move
In Fig. 1 are shown two units which are iden
tical in construction. A platform or runway I
has two ?le'holders or receptacles 2 and 3 dis
posed‘ along opposite sides thereof. As shown,
the carriage. Preferably the spacers in the two
the ?le receptacles are long, open, trough-like
receptacles will be staggered so that ‘a spacer will 65 structures supported by legs 4 which are arranged
9,419,819
3
4
pairs at spaced intervals. ‘To secure the re
ceptacles to the platform, the platform is shown
provided with properly spaced and shaped
es along each side to receive the inner legs
thus tie the parts together. Also a tie rod
I between the receptacles at their forward end
may be provided.
-
The receptacles are provided atlntervals with
,
Ii totheundersideofthepedal llontheside
of the pivot away from the operator. Under the
pedalcnthenearsideofthepivotisaspring
Ila which is secured to the carriage and bears
on the under side of the pedal and tendsto raise
the near side of the pedal and apply the brake.
'I'hepedalisofthewidthofthechairandis
located so that the feet of the occupant of the
chair rest upon it. To release the carriage for
?xed but removable spacers or separators O which
may be located in vertical slots, as shown. These 10 movement, the operator pushes down on the pedal
and to stop movement of the carriage the operator
separators have projections in on their upper
. has only to release the pedal.
edges at their inner ends where they may be
To prevent overrun of the platform, a bumper
as ?xed hand grips for pushing and pulling", as . 22 is provided at the front end and a bumper ‘I!
will be later described. The separators in the 15 at the back end in the form of a wicket. The
operator is thus effectively closed within the pas
two receptacles are shown as staggered with re
conveniently grasped by an operator and .used
spect to each other, so as to assure that a pro
jeetion Co on one side or the other will aways
' within convenient reach of the operator.
separators are substantially .equally spaced and
the staggering is effected by providing a short
section at the front end ofv one of the receptacles.
- In the construction shown, the short section is at
the front end of receptacle 3, and the ?xed sepa
rator Oh for that short section does not have a
projection since it is out of convenient reach of
the operator and would have no function as a
sageway of the platform during Operation. To
facilitate the operator's access to this space, at
least one of the receptacles has a rear end section
which is hinged. In the form shown both re
ceptacles have such a section, marked respec
tively ‘2a and la. These sections have legs to
which do not interlock with the platform I as
do the legs 4, the ‘platform being cut away to
accommodate the legs and the legs being prefer
ably provided with casters, as shown. The
swinging sections are hinged to the ?xed portions
of the receptacles 2 and 3, respectively, by hinges
24 arranged to allow the sections to swing out,
hand grip. Ordinarily the short space in front
of separator Ob is used for’ transient ?les. The
projections la are used for index information ‘as 30 and hook elements 28 provide means to secure
the sections against swinging during operation.
well as for hand grips.
To cover the ?les when not in use, a strip fl
The platform I is provided with two rails ‘l
is provided for each receptacle which is secured
which in the form shown are provided with
at one end'to the receptacle and rolled up and
V-shape longitudinal grooves having along the
held there when not used. It is of a width and
bottoms thereof a rod of metal or equivalent
length effectively to cover the ?les and has means,
material on which run the wheels 8 of a carriage
such as button or snap fasteners, to hold its free
9, the grooves serving as guides for the carriage.
end in place when serving as a cover.
Thecarri-age extends the full spacebetween the
receptacles 2 and 3 and is rectangular in shape,
It is obvious that the construction shown in
being long enough to receive a chair l0 and a 40 the drawings and above particularly described,
may be variously changed without departing from
table or desk H for the operator. The legs lid
the spirit and scope of the invention as de?ned
of the desk stand near the edges of the carriage
and provide space underneath the desk for a
in the claims.
The invention described herein may be manu
pedal member of the brake mechanism and for
operation of the pedal member. The chair is 45 factured and used by or for the Government of
preferably ?xed in position but may be made ad
the United States of America for governmental
justable longitudinally of the carriage by cooper
ative angle‘ and channel members l2 and I3 and
securing pins I‘ which engage in registering holes
purposes without the payment of any royalties
thereon or therefor.
I claim:
1
1. Equipment for ?ling and the like comprising
in the cooperative members.
50
a stationary platform, an elongated open top
The spacing between the receptacles is such
receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means
that an operator seated in the chair is close to
on the platform parallel and in close proximity to
each .receptacle and can easily reach the ?les
the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sepa
in either receptacle. Since‘ the projections on
the separators are on the inner sides of the sepa
rators, the operator always has one within arms
length. A slight pull or push on the ?xed part of
the receptacle is all that is necessary to cause the
rators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and
each having a projection on its top edge at its
end abutting said adjacent side, a translatable
carriage on the platform having antifriction
means guided in the guide means, and a seat for
carriage to roll in the desired direction. The top
of the desk ll preferably will slightly overhang 60 an operator on the carriage disposed within con
venient reach successively of said projections on
the inner faces of the receptacles.
To prevent inadvertent and undesired move
the separators.
.
ment of the carriage 9, a normally applied brake
2'. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris
ing a stationary platform, an elongated open top
mechanism is provided. This is shown particu
receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means
larly in Figs. 3, 4 and 5 and is located under the
desk.- A pedal or treadle II is pivoted on angle
onv the platform parallel and in close proximity
to the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sep
brackets IS on the carriage 9 through a pivot rod
I‘! that passes through the brackets I8 and co
arators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and
each having a projection on its top edge at its end
operative angle brackets" on the under side of
the pedal, a head on one end and a nut on the 70 abutting said adjacent side, a translatable 'car
riage on the platform having antifriction means
other securing the rod II in place.
guided in the guide means, a seat for an operator
A flat brake shoe I9 is disposed on the under
on the carriage disposed within convenient reach
side of thecarriage in position to engage the plat
successively of said projections on the separators, ,
form._l. A lug 20 on the brake shoe extends up
through the carriage and is connected by linkage
brake means on‘the carriage normally engaging
2,412,219
5
the platform and arresting the carriage, and
tacle being disposed in transverse planes having
pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re
staggered relation to the planes of the separators
in the other receptacle, and each separator hav
leasing the brake means.
3. Equipment for filing and the like compris
ing a stationary platform, an elongated open top
receptacle ?xed upon the platform, guide means
on the platform parallel and in close proximity
to the adjacent side of the receptacle, ?xed sep
arators spaced at intervals in the receptacle and
1
,
i)
ing a projection on its top edge at its end ad
jacent the guide means, a seat for an operator
on the carriage within reach successively of the
projections on the separators in both receptacles,
and stop means at both ends of the platform lim
iting movement of the carriage.
6. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris
each having a projection on its top edge at its 10
ing an elongated platform, guide means extend
end abutting said adjacent side, a translatable
ing lengthwise of the platform, a translatable
carriage on the platform having antifriction
means guided in the guide means, a seat for an ' carriage on the platform having antifriction
operator on the carriage disposed within con-'
means guided in the guide means, two elongated
venient reach successively of said projections on 15 open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides
the separators, a pivoted pedal member on the
of the guide means parallel thereto and secured
to the platform and spaced approximately the
undue in front of the seat extending substan—
width of the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at
tially across the carriage, a brake member under
intervals in each receptacle, those in one recep
neath the carriage in position to engage the plat
form and having a lug on its upper side accessible 20 tacle being disposed in transverse planes having
staggered relation to the planes'of the separators
through the carriage, link means connecting the
in the other receptacle, and each separator hav
lug to the pedal member on the side of the pivot
ing a projection on its top edge at its end adja
remote from the seat, and spring means tending
cent the guide means, a seat for an operator on
to raise the side of the pedal adjacent the seat
and thus depress the brake member.
25 the carriage within reach successively of the pro
jections on the separators in both receptacles,
4. Equipment for ?ling and the like comprising
brake means on the carriage normally engaging
an elongated platform, guide means extending
the platform and arresting the carriage, and
lengthwise of the platform, a translatable car
Pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re
riage on the platform having antifriction means
guided in the guide means, two elongated open 30 leasing the brake means.
,
7. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris
top receptacles disposed on opposite sides of the
ing an elongated platform, guide means extend
guide means parallel thereto and secured to the
ing lengthwise .of the platform, a translatable
platform and spaced approximately the width of
carriage on the platform having antifriction
the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at intervals
in each receptacle ‘and each having a projection 35 means guided in the guide means, two elongated
open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides
on its top edge at its end adjacent the guide
of the guide means parallel thereto and secured
means, a seat for an operator on the carriage
to the platform and spaced approximately the‘
within reach successively of the projections on
width of the carriage, ?xed separators spaced. at
the separators in both receptacles, tie means se
curing the two receptacles together at their for 40 intervals in each receptacle, those in one recep
tacle being
in transverse planes hav
ward ends and limiting movement of the carriage
ing staggered relation to the planes of the sep
in that direction, and a bumper limiting move-'
arators in the other receptacle, and each sepa
ment of the carriage at the rear end of the plat
rator having a projection on its top edge at its
form, at least one of the receptacles having a sec
tion at its rear end free of the platform and 45 end adjacent the guide means, a seat for an op- >
a?” to swing out and afford access to the car
e.
5. Equipment for ?ling and the like compris
ing an elongated platform, guide means extend
erator on the carriage within reach successively
of the projections on the separators in both re
ceptacles, brake means on the carriage normally
engaging the platform and arresting the carriage,
' ing lengthwise of the platform, a translatable 60 pedal operated means adjacent the seat for re
carriage on the platform having antifriction
means guided in the guide means, two elongated
open top receptacles disposed on opposite sides
of the guide means parallel thereto and secured
' to the platform and spaced approximately the
width of‘ the carriage, ?xed separators spaced at 55
intervals in‘each receptacle, those in one recep
leasing the brake means, and a work rest on the
carriage disposed over the pedal operated means
and approximately at the level of the said- pro
jections and extending across the space between
the receptacles.
'
BLAINE HUNTER.
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