Патент USA US2412233код для вставки
Dec. 10, 1946. 2,412,233 S. M. TOMINELLO BACON HANGER Filed June 9, 1944 / \ 2% . 6% //// V / //2 Z /3. 2/;.n/.1Aw-” ///, [/4 Z Q2. (/5 Tm v» . 22% w 2,412,233 Patented Dec. 10, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,233 BACON HANGER Samuel M. Tominello, Chicago, Ill. Application June 9, 1944, Serial No. 539,405 4 Claims. (01. 17—44.3) / 1 The hanger of the present invention is designed for the purpose of impaling slabs of bacon along a line near the end edge of the slab preliminary to the-hanging of the impaled slab in a smoke room or smoke house during the curing period. In commercial packing houses, it is customary to 2 outmost prongs are frequently inserted an inch or two inside of the edge of the. bacon slab so that the adjacent upper corner, being unimpaled, will tend to curl back in the formation of an “ear” which is highly objectionable in itself and also subjects the adjacent region to warp ing strains'which are not adequately resisted. advance the slabs of bacon on a carrier in pro The present invention is intended to overcome cession'al relation and as each slab passes in front the difficulties above noted by de?ecting the row of the attendant, one of the hangers having a row of impaling prongs is forced downwardly into 10 of impaling prongs laterally within a horizontal plane so that the prongs as they are driven into the slabs in preparation for its removal to the the face of the slab will traverse the slab in smoke room where the bacon slabs, each with its hanger, are suspended in rows from an over head rod or the like, and there remain during the curing period, which usually occupies about four days. During the curing period, the slab is dried to a considerable extent. and unless it is ?rmly impaled, the rind, which is on the out side and away from the impaling prongs will tend to curl backwardly especially in the vicinity of the corners of the slab which curling tends to warp the slab as a whole and cause its release from the prongs, Even if the slab be not com pletely released, any considerable warping of the slab especially at or near the corners is highly oblique relation to its ‘face and transversely of its grain which will have the effect of tying the substance of the slab together and reenforcing its'structure‘ from edge to edge so that it will be adequately reenforced to withstand the warp ing tendency, and maintain a substantially plane or flat condition during the curing operation without danger of release from the hanger. Fur ther objects and details will appear from the description of the invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawing; wherein Figure 1 is a perspective view. showing the for 25 ward end'of a bacon slab with the obliquely dis posed impaling prongs partially thrust there objectionable since the warped slabs will not through by a direct pressure from above. stack evenly and fail to measure up to the high Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the hanger look est quality standards. ing toward the points of the prongs. Hangers of the type commonly in use at the 30 Fig. 3 is a view looking upwardly toward the present time are provided with prongs which prongs showing their relation to the bacon slab extend in a horizontal plane rearwardly from and which is illustrated in section: and at right angles to the vertical plane of the hanger Fig. Ll'is an enlarged detail showing one of when in use. With the prongs thus disposed, they the marginal prongs in its imp-aling relation to are forced inwardly at right angles'to the face the edge of a bacon slab. of the bacon slab and in planes coincident with The hanger as a whole is formed of wire sec the grain of the bacon with the result that as tions which are spot welded or otherwise rigidly the suspended bacon slabs are cured and sub secured together to provide a body portion indi jected to a warping tendency. the prongs afford cated in‘ its entirety by ‘the numeral iii, which an insuf?cient grip on the substance of the slab occupies mama plane when in use and which to prevent relative movement therebetween with is suspended from a'hock H. The body portion possibly a complete release of the slab from the comprises an upper rail l2, the ends of which are hanger. I am also familiar with a hanger in bent downwardly at right angles in the form of which prongs of the character above described legs is which terminate in rearwardly projecting are bent upwardly in oblique relation to provide impaling prongs M which lie within a horizontal hooks which are intended to more ?rmly impale plane, but project obliquely at an acutev angle the slabs, but with the prongs thus disposed the of substantially 45° to the plane of the body. face of the bacon slab along its upper margin The body further comprises a lower horizontal tends to contact bodv portions of the hanger rail G5 which is of greater length than the upper which prevents access of the smoke and thus 50 rail and terminates in downwardly extending results in imperfect curing along the upper mar marginal legs it which carry obliquely disposed gin of the slab, leaving white streaks where the end prongs I"! likewise lying within the same hori- I curing has been interfered with. zontal plane as the plane of the prongs M. The In both hangers above referred to, no ade quate provision is made for ?rm impaling of the 55 hook II is formed of a looped section of wire which is twisted below the hook to provide a neck slab at points near the upper corners since the 2,412,233 3 l8 and the wire sections below the neck are spread palement of the slab as they are delivered to to provide center legs I9 terminating in oblique the attendant. , prongs 20 lying Within the same horizontal plane Although I have shown and described a hang as the plane of the prongs Hi. In addition to the er formed of intersecting wire sections secured to members previously described, the upper and low gether in the manner described, it will be under er rails are intersected by intermediate legs 2| stood that the invention relates, primarily to the terminating in oblique prongs 22 disposed in the oblique-disposition of the prongs themselves in same horizontal plane as'the plane of the prongs relation to the body of the hanger and that it is M. The various portions of the frame at the not intended, unless otherwise indicated in, the points of intersection are united in a rigid struc 10 claims, to limit the formation of the body por ture by spot welding or the like with all of the tion to the features previously described. prongs extending in parallel relation to one an I claim: 1. A hanger for bacon slabs comprising an other and within the same horizontalplane and in oblique relation to the plane of the body 50 elongated body having means for suspending the that as the prongs are forced into the bacon slab, same and a row of parallel impaling prongs all they will traverse the substance of the slab diag onally or in an oblique direction thereby, so that‘ extending rearwardly from the body and all 1y ‘ ing in a substantially horizontal plane and de each prong will throughout its extent impale ,a ?ected along the length of the body laterally in substantial width of the slab, and the prongs are the same direction and in substantial degree away so spaced that the tip of each prong approxi 20 from right angle relation to the body and adapted ' mately overlaps the base of the next adjacent to be driven into a slab of bacon in oblique rela-' prong so that every portion of the slab, from edge to edge, is ?rmly reenforced and held against warping 0r displacement.‘ Furthermore, the ob~ lique arrangement of the prongs enables much longer prongs to be employed for a bacon slab of given thickness, than is possible with right an‘ gularly extending prongs, Without causing the points to impinge against the tough bacon rind R tion to the plane of the surface thereof. 2. A hanger for bacon slabs comprising an elongated body having means for suspending the same and a row of parallel impaling prongs all extending rearwardly from the body and all 1y ing in a substantially horizontal plane and de flected along the length of the body laterally in the same direction and at an angle of substan which tends to limit the extent of prong insertion 30 tially 45° to the plane of the body and adapted in the slab. Furthermore, it will be noted that to be driven into a slab of bacon in oblique rela an oblique arrangement of the ‘prongs affords tion to the plane of the surface thereof. adequate reenforcement ‘along each edge of the 3. A hanger for bacon slabs comprising an bacon slab regardless of the exercise of extreme elongated body formed of plural vertical and hor care of impaling the slabs, since the outmost izontal wire sections secured together, the middle prongs necessarily traverse extended ‘marginal areas along opposite sides of the slab adjacent the upper corners so that the curling back and the formation of “ears” is resisted, and the en vertical sections being extended upwardly and looped to form a hook, the horizontal sections being deflected downwardly at their ends to form vertical legs, and the legs so formed and the ver 'tire upper portion of the slab is thereby in?u v40 tical sections all terminating in impaling prongs enced to maintain its ?at or plane condition. ‘all extending rearwardly from the body and all Furthermore, the prongs by their oblique ar lying in a substantially horizontal plane and de rangement adequately resist any backward ten flected along the length of the body laterally in sion tending to pull or strip the slab free from the same direction and in substantial degree, the prongs since the prongs present an extended 745 away from right angle relation to the body, and lateral area‘ at a substantial angle to any dis placing tension, and repeated tests have shown that bacon slabs suspended during the curing operation with the hangers of the present in adapted tobe driven into a slab of bacon in ob lique relation to the plane of the surface thereof. e. A hanger for bacon slabs comprising an elongated body formed of plural vertical and hor vention maintain a much ?atter condition than 50 izontal wire sections secured together, the middle slabs suspended in the usual manner. vertical sections being extended upwardly and Although the prongs extend obliquely, they will looped to form a hook, the horizontal sections lie within the same plane and in parallelism to being de?ected downwardly at their ends to form one another so that no di?iculty will be experi vertical legs, all the legs terminating in impaling enced in forcing the prongs evenly and to sub 55 prongs all extending rearwardly from the body stantially uniform depth within the bacon slab and all lying in a substantially horizontal plane by the downwardly applied pressure of the at and deflected along the length of the body‘ later tendant’s hand. Of course, under downward pressure, as the prongs traverse the slab, the hanger, as a whole, will shift laterally to a slight ally in the same direction and atan angle of substantially 45° to the plane of the body and adapted to be driven into a'slab of bacon in ob extent, but this lateral shifting does not in any lique relation to, the plane of the surfacethereof. ‘ SAMUEL M. TOMINELLO. way interfere with the even and accurate im; '