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Патент USA US2412242

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Dec. 10,' 1946.
'Filed may 2e, 1944
f Patented Dec. 10„ 1946
Emile Beaud, Albeuve, Fribourg, Switzerland, as
sìgnor to house Maurice Beaud & Fils, Albeuve,
Switzerland, a firm of Switzerland
Application May 26, 1944, Serial No. 537,401
In Switzerland May 3, 1943
4 Claims. (Cl. .Z0-2)
(Fig. 3), the upper part 29, however, in a groove
This invention relates to barracks which can
of the purlin 26 in order to secure the wall against
be taken to pieces. Different constructions- of
lateral deflection. The erection of a wall, there
dismountable wooden barracks have become
fore, takes place in a simple manner by fitting
known up to date but the same are either not
groove and tongue 3l, 32 into one another. The
assembled solidly enough or the parts are com Ul corner posts of the barrack one of which is indi
bined to a very stable construction which, how
cated at 35 prevents the walls from going to
ever, can only with diñiculty be taken to pieces.
pieces. The sill 6 is chamiered in order to form
Besides this, there are too many details.
a water channel 1. `
The invention remedies these inconveniences
In Fig. 4 the rafters 9 and I0 carry the boards
in that |the wall of the barrack consists of ele
32, thereby forming roof elements. The rafter
ments capable of being fitted into one another.
I0 has a bead I4 entering a corresponding groove
These elements have a frame and a panel carried
of the rafter 9. Adjacent roof elements are
by the same; this panel may also comprise a
thereby prevented from going asunder. By the
Window or a door. These elements have a very
bolt screws I5 the outer strap Il and the inner
great supporting capacity and can very easily be
strap I2 are firmly pressed against the roof ele
taken to pieces owing to the fact that they can
ments. The drain I3 allows any penetrating
be ñtted into one another by means of groove`
water to be conducted away.
and tongue. The erection of a wall is carried
In Figs. 5 and 6 the rafters I6 are simpler than
out very simply in that between the corner posts
Fig. 4. The manner of connection with screw
of the barrack one element after the other can 20 I5 and straps I'I and I2 is the same. Any pene
be fitted into one another. The corner posts
trating water is conducted away through the
prevent the walls from going to pieces.
The roof, too, consists of elements which are
detachably connected with one another by clamp
ing pieces. It can be suspended on lists fixed to
’the upper purlins.
The accompanying drawing illustrates, by way
of examples, different embodiments of the object
of invention.
Fig. 1 is a horizontal section through the ends 30
of two wall elements connected with each other
by means of groove and tongue.
Fig. 2 is a section corresponding to that shown
in Fig. 1,'the one element, however, comprising
a window.
Fig. 3 is a vertical section showing portions of
.the wall, roof and sill.
drain I9.
Fig. 3 illustrates how the two roof-halves 23
are pressed against the ridge purlin 22 by means
of bolt screws I5 and the ridge strap 2I.
A chamfered list 24 is fixed to the purlin 26.
The roof is held in place by engaging the list 24,
in a space 28 provided on panel 23 in such a way
that the chamfered edge 21 engages the list 24.
Straps I2a and Ila are also provided to hold the
parts of the roof together.
What I claim is:
1. In a dismountable barrack, corner posts,
35 grooved sills connecting the lower portions of
the corner posts, grooved purlins connecting the
upper ends of the posts and a ridge purlin sup
ported above the iirst mentioned purlins, ele
Fig. 4 illustrates a first and
ments each including a frame comprising side
Fig. 5 a second manner of connecting the roof
parts and lower and upper parts, fitted respec
elements with one another.
tively into the grooved sill and grooved purlin,
Fig. 6 shows the connection of two roof ele
the side parts having internal and external
ments at the gable.
grooves, panels composed of boards ñtted in the
Fig. 7 is a horizontal section view through a
internal grooves, connecting tongues carried by
corner post.
the outer grooves in the side parts of one ele
The frame of the elements is formed of two
ment for fitting within corresponding grooves on
vertical parts I (right part I in Fig. 1 and left
the contiguous element, lists iixed to the first
part I in Fig. 2 belong to the same element), a
mentioned upper purlins and a roof having the
lower horizontal part 5 (Fig. 3) and an upper
upper edges supported on the ridge purlin and
the lower portions provided with chamfered edges
carries a panel formed of boards 3. On the right 50
for engaging the lists.
side of Fig. 2 the panel consists of portions 4 and
2. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in
the window 30. The tongues 2 are glued to one
claim 1, a ridge strap recessed to receive the up
element and, the elements being assembled, enter
per adjacent edges of the roof sections and ar- ,
grooves 3I of the adjacent element. The lower
in spaced alignment with the ridge purlin
frame partl 5 is guided in a groove of the sill 6
horizontal part 29 (Fig. 8). This frame I, 5, I, 29
and means for fastening saidridge section to said
ridge purlin so as to clamp the upper edges of
the roof sections in position.
Y claim 1, wherein the roof sections include grooved
rafters for carrying away water in cooperating Y Y
straps, interengaged with the rafters and means
for fastening the straps together so as to clamp
3. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in
claim 1, wherein a window frame is carried by 5 the rafters therebetween.
one of »the wall elements.
4. In a dismountable barrack as claimed in
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