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Dec. 10, 1946. ‘ ‘w. HALPERN ET AL 2,412,262 ._ COVER Filed April 21, 1944 - 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN VEN TORS Mu /4M #44 FEE/V By K/u/er WEI/v52 ,Q udalf Meow/m2 “1A3 A TTORNEYS. Dec- 10, 1946. w. HALPERN ET-AL 2,412,262 COVER Filed April 21, 1944 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 . . INVENTORS Nil/mm HALPERN BY UR 1' kLE/NEK ROL'HMAL Rumour Mow/5w» - Dec. 10, 1946. 2,412,262 w. HALPERN ET AL COVER Filed April 21, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIE , T7: 14 . := 12 kWh-5.5. ‘ 11,0. 196/“ MKRI-Um @&,5"WMIHNEAmVKLERE.paompwkRNM 5. BY NEC a Patented Dec. 10, 1946 2,412,262 7 UNITED ‘STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,412,262 COVER William Halpern, New York, Kurt Weiner, Elmhurst, and Rudolf Krochmal, New York, N. Y. Application April 21, 1944, Serial No. 532,176 4 Claims. (Cl. 58-—-88) ' l The present invention relates to covers for watch faces. One of its objects is to provide a watch cover construction which is self-closing. 2 its opposite end is to become elevated and thereby to raise cover H against the action of spring [4. Projecting piece 2| of framework l1 engages lever end 213 when the latter is fully released and when Another object is to provide a watch cover con Ul lever end It is in contact with over-hanging cover portion 19. Over-hanging portion i9 prevents, struction that automatically maintains the cover by virtue of the tension of spring ill, upward move in closed position without the aid of a catch or other locking device. ment of lever end i8. Projecting piece 2! pre A further object is the provision of a Watch vents upward movement of lever end 29. Lever cover construction which is easily opened without 10 I5 is thus rendered immobile. The lever [5 has fumbling. the shape substantially of a bar, of which at least A still further object is the provision of a highly the inner end it is curved in the plane of rotation useful and ornamental watch cover opening con about the pivot pin l6 so as partially to circum struction which may very easily be made and scribe the pivot pin l2 of cover ll while engag which would be rather unlikely to go out of func 15 ing the under side of cover I i. As the outer end tioning order. 23 is depressed and the inner end l8 approaches the pivot pin l2, the area included within the nism comprising a pivoted watch face cover, a curved end portion L8 thereby comes to include tensioning member operating to keep the cover in the pivot pin [2. The circumscri‘oing construc closed position on the watch, and an engaging 20 tion of the inner end portion l8, whereby it ex member-—generally a lever-to engage the watch tends outwardly from cover pivot l2 of a straight cover and to raise it to its open position against line between the lever pivot pin it and the point the action of the tensioning member. of contact with cover H, thus permits consider Preferred embodiments of the invention are able displacement of the opposite end portions, shown in the drawings in which 25 I8, 2% within a relatively small space, combining Figure 1 is a side view of a watch incorporating mechanical compactness with novel and graceful the constructional features of one of said embodi appearance. By mounting lever H5 at a distance ments, showing the face cover thereof being man from case [0 additional leverage is furnished at ually held in raised or open position; the operative tip of inner end it. Figure 2 is a side view of the same watch show 30 In the embodiment of the invention shown in ing the face cover in released or closed position; Figures 3 to 8 inclusive, the single lever l5 has Figure 3 is a side view of a modi?cation of the been replaced by the duplex lever 150, comprising construction shown in Figures 1 and 2. levers 15a and IE1), similar in all essentials to lever Figure 4 is a top view of the same. 15, and mounted on pivot if: on opposite sides of Figure 5 is a bottom view of the same. 35 the case Ill. A tie bar 280 rigidly joins together Figure 6 is a longitudinal Vertical section of the the ends 20a and Zllb of lever I50. Pressure on same. either 26a or 2% now serves to depress both. Figure 7 is a horizontal section along the line Advantages of this construction over the pre 'l—'! of Figure 6. Figure 8 is a vertical section along the line 40 vious disclosure include an equalizing of strain on the pivots l2 and i6 and their bearings, and 8-8 of Figure 6. symmetrical appearance. Referring to Figures 1 and 2 watch case I0 is The tiebar Ziic is shown most clearly in Figure provided with a hinged face cover i I whose pivot 5. It will be understood that the tiebar is not or hinge pin l2 may be disposed on an axis parallel to the axis of the winding stem I3. Cover II is 45 readily apparent and its omission would not de stroy the symmetrical appearance. If it were larger in width and length than watch case Ii]. omitted the cover Ila could still be raised by A coil spring I4 which is wound around pivot These and other objects are attained by mecha pressure on either 20a, or 2% as in the ?rst dis pin l2 engages cover H and watch case Ill and closure, acts to keep cover ll tight against Watch case Figure '7 illustrates the cover pivot 12 and spring ID. A lever I5 which is pivoted, by means of a 50 M in open position, an arrangement used in the pivot pin It to frame work I‘! in which the watch first, second and fourth forms of this invention, as case I0 is set, engages with one end 18 the under indicated by the numerals ascribed to the frag surface of the over-hanging portion IQ of cover mentary cover. II. The other end 20 of lever 15 is intended to be pressed down with the ?nger, thereby causing 55 Figure 8 shows the cover and. case in vertical 52,412,265; 3 transverse section, including a downward exten sion We; of the over-hanging portion 19. It is apparent that the constructions shown above have been given solely by way of illustra lever having an inner portion adapmd to engage said overhanging portion to open said cover, said illustrations the lever is depressed and the cover is raised. 3. A watch face cover construction comprising, in combination with a Watch case, a cover pivotal ly mounted on said case and comprising a portion inner portion being curved substantially in the plane of rotation of said lever and partially cir tion and not by way of limitation, and that the 5 cumscribing the pivot pin of said cover when above described are subject to wide variations and modi?cations within the scope and intent of the present invention. All of such variations and modi?cations are to be included within the scope of the present invention. What is claimed is: r1. A watch face cover construction comprising, overhanging said case, a spring engaging said a cover directly to maintain the same in closed posi tion, and a substantially bar shaped lever, said in combination with a watch case, a cover pivotale ly mounted on said case and comprising a portion lever being mounted at a distance from said case and having an inner portion adapted to engage overhanging said case, a spring acting upon said cover to maintain the same in closed position, and a substantially bar shaped lever, said lever having an inner portion adapted to engage said over hanging portion to open said cover, said inner said overhanging portion to open said cover, said inner portion being curved substantially in the plane of rotation of said lever and partially cir cumscribing the pivot pin of said cover when the lever is depressed and the cover is raised. portion extending from the pivot pin of said lever 20 . 4. A watch face cover construction comprising, to said overhanging portion outwardly of a straight line between said pin and the point of in combination with a watch case, a cover pivotal ly mounted on said case and comprising a por tion overhanging said case, a spring arranged to contact of said lever with said overhanging normally maintain the cover in closed position, portion and being curved substantially in the and a pivotally mounted lever, said lever having plane of rotation of said lever and partially cir 25 an inner portion adapted to engage said over cumscribing the pivot pin of said cover when hanging portion to open said cover, said inner the lever is depressed and the cover is raised. portion being curved substantially in the plane of 2. A watch face cover construction comprising, rotation of said lever and partially circumscribing in combination with a watch case, a cover pivotally 30 the pivot -pin of said cover when the lever is de mounted on said case and comprising a portion pressed and the cover is raised. overhanging said case, a spring engaging said WILLIAM HALPERN. cover directly to maintain the same in closed posi KURT WEINER. tion, and a substantially bar shaped lever, said RUDOLF KROCHMAL.