Патент USA US2412367код для вставки
‘Dec. 10, 1946. 2,412,367 T. H. SULLIVAN GUN CARRIAGE Filed Nov. 11, 1943 ‘4' Sheets-Sheet l W. Invienfor Th omasHSulliqan. 1Q, 1946. T_ H, SULLIVAN ‘GUN CARRIAGE Filed Nov. 11, 1943 21,412,367 ' I 4 Sheefcs-Sheet 2 In'vem‘or ' Dec. 10, 1946. - T. H. SIULLIVAN ' .GUN CARRIAGE Filed Nov. 11,1943 2,412,367 ' 4 Sheets-Sheet s Dec. 10, 1946. T. H. SULLIVAN ‘GUN CARRIAGE ' ‘ Filed Nov. 11,1943 _ 2,412,367 ' 4'sheets-sheet 4 fnulemlor _ ’ 77l02'nasHSulZiz/an - Patented Dec. 10, 1946 ’ 2,412,367 * UNITED STATES PATENT: orgies 2,412,367 , GUN CARRIAGE Thomas H. Sullivan, Salem, Mass, 'assignor to United Shoe Machinery Corporation, Fleming ton, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Application November 11, 1943, Serial No. 509,907 20 Claims. (01. 789-40) 1 2 This invention relates to carriages upon which hand-lever fulcrumed upon the truck furnishes, such an article as a gun may be transferred from with a link connected to the axle, theforward toggle-lever. Oscillation of the hand-levers out wardly and inwardly with respect to the gun mount straightens or breaks the connected toggle levers to lift the carriage upon the wheels for one point to another, it being especially adapted for the purpose of raising the gun-mount from the surface upon which it rests, supporting it upon wheels for its travel, and lowering it to a position in whichit may be secured for ?ring. transfer of the gun, or allows it to descend for _ It is an object of my invention to provide a clamping to the deck. In their straightened rela tion, the toggle-levers may be retained for the carriage which may quickly be assembled with a gun-mount, which adds little in weight yet is ll) travel of the carriage by means, as pivoted amply strong, which requires the application of a latches, engaging the hand-levers. In the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1 shows my improved carriage in side ele relatively small force to elevate it from a lowered to a raised position upon. its wheels, and which is generally convenient to manipulate. With this end in view, I combine with, a carriage-body, which may be in the form of a spider having vation and in ?ring position; radiating arms, a mount for the gun to be trans r Fig. 4, a view similar to Fig. 1, but with the ‘ Fig. 2 is a rear elevation thereof; Fig. 3, a top plan view. ferred resting upon the body, together with , carriage raised for towing; and wheeled supports for the rear and front of the body, and means respectively common to the 1 rear and front supports, .the body and the mount for securing these elements together. The mount thus becomes in e?ect a portion of the carriage, imparting strength and rigidity, and therefore re quiring a comparatively light added body. Pref Fig. 5, a perspective view of separated portions of the rear wheel-assembly. _ 7 At [0 appears the standard of a mount for a gun, this standard being shown as in the form of a tripod, the legs of which rise from an annular base-ring l2. Attached to the lower face of the base‘ is a spider l4, bolts IE passing through each erably, a rear wheel-assembly and a bracket for a forward wheeled truck are secured to the gun of its ?ve arms near their outer extremities. This spider furnishes the body of a carriage for the gun-mount. The two‘ rear arms I8, I8 of the mon connecting means preventing movement of spider diverge outwardly at equal angles to the the connected elements relatively to one another. 30 center line of the carriage, and their bolts secure As appears herein, the truck is pivoted between to the top of the base l2 a bar 20 of a rear wheel the forward bracket and an extension of one of assembly A. The front‘spider-arm 22 projects the spider-arms. The center of the spider is outwardly along the center line beyond the base shown as carrying securing means, which when ring, while to said ring by the bolts of the adja the carriage is lowered engages a device relatively cent spider-arms 24, 24 a forwardly and upwardly ?xed, as in the deck of a vessel. To elevate the extending bracket 26 is secured. The bar 20 and carriage for wheeling and to control its lowering the bracket 26, because of their ?xed attachment for clamping, the carriage-body is provided with to the spider, maybe considered as portions of axles at the rear and front, there being wheels the carriage-body. In the bracket and in the mount and body, as by bolts furnishing the com rotatable upon the axles. A toggle-lever con nects the body to each of the axles, and there is means for straightening and breaking the toggles when the carriage is to be raised and lowered. These toggles greatly multiply the force applied, 40 spider-arm 22 are vertically alined openings to receive the pintle 28 of a forward truck or limber B. - Lugs 29, on the undersides of the arms vl8, l8 near their ends and at a substantially equal dis tance from the center on the arm 22, supply a and operate smoothly with little wear. At the 45 uniform three-point bearing when the spider sup rear is shown a pair of connected axles upon ports the gun upon the deck. ‘ 7 which the wheels rotate, with a post rising from Considering the rear assembly A, rising from the connecting means at each axle. The ‘car each end of the bar 20, and welded to furnish riage-body is guided upon these posts, and a therewith, in effect, an integral unit, is a, bracket hand-lever is fulcrumed upon the body and 50 30 (Fig. 5). At the top of each bracket, between joined by the toggle-levers to the posts. The divided portions, a horizontal pivot-pin 32 is front truck may have spaced. walls in which are rotatable. Secured to these pins, in the spaces in guide-slots, and blocks are movable in these slots, the brackets, are the ends of a generally U -shaped an axlebeing free tov turn in; the blocks and the hand-lever 34, which may be swung from a point front wheel being rotatable about the axle. A 55 adjacent to the standard I0 outwardly and down 2412,36’? 3 wardly. To the outer end of each of the pins 32 an arm 36 is ?xed, articulated to a link 38. The opposite extremity of each link is pivoted to a post 40 received in a vertical bore through a boss 42 upon the outer side of the bracket. The post has a reduced lower portion or stem 44, movable in a lower arm 46 of the bracket, there being 4 ward end of the gun-carriage, as does the lever 34 the rear. The arms of the yoke 99 extend beyond the pivot 88 to furnish the upper links of double toggle-levers. The connected links I90, Hit of the toggle-levers are secured at their lower ends to the axle 84. The action of the handle. 92, in lowering or raising the carriage,_corresponds to that of the lever 34. With the handle swung inwardly toward‘ the gun-standard (Figs. 1, 2 Surrounding each stem 44 is a block 48, the two and 3), the toggle-levers 90, I00 are broken and blocks being joined by a rod 52. Each block has the walls 18 of the truck-body slide down the projecting from its outer side a horizontal axle 54, about which is rotatable a Wheel 56, and upon _ blocks 82, until the forward portion of the under face of the spider rests upon the deck. When each block may rest the shoulder 50 of the cor the handle isudrawn outwardly to an extent per responding post 40. Each of thegarms- 348‘ and links 38 furnishes a toggle-lever, through which' 2 mitten, by contact of the arms of the yoke 90 with lugs I02‘, I02 upon the outer faces of the movement of the hand-lever 34 may be trans‘ walls 18' (Fig. 4) , the toggle-levers are so straight mitted to the body of the carriage and to the . ened that the forward portion of the carriage is gun-mount. . elevated, its weight being borne by the toggle When the hand-lever is swung in toward the gun-standard (Figs. 1, 2land 3), the toggle-levers 20 levers and the aXle 84. To secure the handle between, the post and the stem a shoulder 50. 36,1 38 are broken outwardly, permitting the brackets 38 and the rear of. the carriage to de with» the carriage ‘raised, the lower end of‘ each of the yoke-arms may be received in a depres sion in‘ one Of two latches‘ H14, H34‘ fast upon the scend until the under face of the spider 1-4 rests ends of a pivot-pin I06 turning in‘ the truck-body. upon the deck, or other supporting surface. To render the rear wheels 56 e?ecti-ve to' support the 25 Each of the latches is urgedup against the‘corre sponding yoke-arm by an expansion-spring ma, guni-mounuthe hand-lever 34 is vdrawn out until interposed between it- and a lug H 0‘ upon the body. the elements 36- and 38 of each of the two toggle The handle may ‘be freed for the lowering of the levers are approximately ali-ned with each other carriage by the depression of either latch. ‘(Fig 4). This causes the brackets 39 and the If it is desired to mount a gun upon the car mount, to- which they are attached, to be lifted along the posts 40, the weight of the parts being riage of this invention, it is only- necessary to bolt to the underside of the base 12- of the guns-stand carried upon the wheels 56 through the toggle levers and the contact of the shoulders 50 of the posts with the tops' of the blocks 48'. In this active relation, the hand-‘lever may be releasa-bly retained by latches 58, 58-! There is one of» these latches for each of the arms of the lever 34, they being fast upon the opposite ends of ‘a rod 60 rotatable in the brackets 39-. A depression in the ard it; a spider I4 with arms of appropriate lengths, simultaneously attaching to the-base and spider by the same 'bolts the rear assembly A and the bracket 26 of ‘the forward truck B. If the gun, thus mounted, is at rest, and it is to- be transferred to another position for ?ring, the rear lever 34 and the» forward handle and lever upper side of each latch receives a projection 62 40 92 will be found in toward the standard, with from the lower end of each leverearm. The latches are urged into engagement with the arms by-expansion-springs 64' surrounding pins 66 piv oted to ‘depending arms ‘653 of the latches, ‘and guided in openings in‘ the- brackets. ‘ When the hand-lever swung outwardly, the latches en gage and retain it. 7 Whenit is desired to reverse the movement of the lever and lower the mount, the respective toggle-levers 36,738 and 90, 1-60 broken to allow the’ spider to- rest upon the deck and support the mount. The handle-extension 94 lies within'the-"body of the handle 92 to’ pre vent interference with-the standard.’ "The levers 3:4 and 92 vare successivelyswung outv to straighten the toggle-levers. This greatly multiplies the force ‘applied to lift the rear brackets 301 along ‘the depression of either latch will free both. 7 The the posts 40', and the“ forward truck-body '16, 18 inner walls of the depressions, by engagement with the projections 62', limit the extent of out supported, through the toggle-levers’, upon the along the bloc-ks182,<causing the gun-mount‘to be The forward truck B has va body-portion con wheels :56 and, 86. Here,- it is retained by‘ the latches 58an'd I164. Now the handle 92,_94 may ward 'movementof' the lever-34. ' \ sisting of a thick rear wall 16, from which pro be extended so it is convenient for towing the ject forwardly parallel ‘side walls 18, 18'. Through the wall 1-6 'is a vertical bore 'to'receive the pintle Here,'the levers are unlatched, shifted inwardly, 2,8, which is carried in both the bracket '26 and‘ the spider-arm 22. In the side walls are trans versely alined vertical slots 80, ‘89, in 'each of permitted to descend until the spider again is supported upon the deck. To ?x the gun inf?r which is a bearing-block 82, these receiving’ an axle 84 about which a wheel 86 is rotatable. The truckjbody- may thus rise and fall, guided by ‘the blocks. 'Pivoted at‘ 88 near the upper ex tremity of the "walls 18 is thevyoked extension 90 of a'handle 92 for use in movin'g'the carriage about the deck. That the handle maybe more convenient'for this purpose, ‘it is preferably ex tensible, being ‘tubular with‘a telescoping'exten sion '94 provided with a hand-‘bar 96. A latch 98 movable in the upper end of the handle re tains the extension in either its drawn-out or retracted relation, the latter being for'the pur pose described below, "In addition to its use in moving‘the‘carriag'e, the handle ‘92 serves to raise and ‘lower the for 75 carriagej-which "is thus drawn to the- chosen point. so the toggle-levers areb'roken, and the meant ing position, some such-securing means'asa screw H2‘ projects through an opening at the ‘center of thespider and is-adaptedito engage a-thr‘eaded socket H3, or other securing means, in the deck; ‘This screw has a-?ange H54 forcontact with the upper 'face of the spider, when ‘said screw is turned down to ‘secure the mount in place, and above the ?ange rises a stem 1 l?'to receive a handwheel H8 forits rotation. The stemfturnjs in the top of a casing l2-0 attached to thelupper face o‘fthe spider. »In its inactive ‘position, -dur-. ing the . shifting of thecarriage, ‘the “screw ‘isrr’e tained,:raisediwithinzthecasing, by a-l‘atch 122, pivoted at the bottom~~of th-e'casing an‘d’urged into engagement with the ?ange. "I 14 by "an "ex p'ansion-‘spring‘l'?. ‘An arm VI 28,‘ projecting from 2,412,367 6 the latch outside the'casing, may be depressed adapted for engagement with a- relatively fixed vto release the screw for its entrance into thedeckr socket. device. It will be seen that the spider, with its spaced ing from the block, a wheel rotatable‘ about‘ the axle,‘ a post rising from the block, a carriage arms, provides a light carriage-body of ample strength, convenient for the reception of different mounts; and that the wheeled supportsgive' a body upon which a gun may be supported‘ for movement by the body between towing and ?ring positions, said body being guided upon the post, a stable and readily maneuverable carrier for the body and the mounted gun, and lend themselves, without complication, to the introduction of the e?icient toggle-levers. These multiply the ap plied force during the change in elevation of the hand-lever fulcrumed upon the body, and a tog 10 gle-lever joining the hand-lever to the post. - v ' ' carriage and permit such change to be effected speedily. - ' ' ' Having described my invention, what I claim as 15 new‘ and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is: 1. In combination, a carriage-body, a gun > , 7. In a-gun-carriage, a ‘block, anaxle project~ - 8, In a gun-carriage, a pair of axles, wheels ro tatable aboutthe axles, means for connecting the axles, a post for each axle rising from they con necting means, a carriage-body upon which a gun may be supported for movement by the body‘ be tween towing and ?ring positions,'said body be ing ‘guided upon‘ the posts, a hand-leveri'ful crumed upon the body, and toggle-levers joining mount resting upon the body, a wheeled support the hand-lever to both the posts. ' for the rear of the body, a wheeled support for the 20 9. In a gun-carriage, a block, an axle project. front of the body, and means common to the ing from the block, a wheel rotatable about the body, the mount andrespectively to the wheeled axle, a post rising from'the block, a carriage-body supports at the front and rear for securing these upon which a gun may be supported for move elements together. ment by the body between towing and ?ring po 2. In combination, a carriage-body, a gun 25 sitions, said body being guided upon the post, a mount resting upon the body, a rear wheel-as hand-lever fulcrumed upon the body, a toggle-1e‘ sembly, means for securing together the body, the ver joining the hand-lever to the post, and a latch mount and the assembly and being common to all pivoted to the body and engaging the hand-lever. these elements, a forward bracket, means for se 10. In a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon curing together the body, the mount and the 30 which a gun may be supported for movement by bracket and being common to all these elements, the body between towing and ?ring positions, and a truck connected to the bracket. , spaced brackets rising above the body and each 3. In combination, a carriage-body, a gun mount having a base resting upon the body, a rear provided with a guide-opening, a post ‘received bolts being so positioned and arranged as to pre lowering the brackets along the posts. vent movement of the body, base, assembly and 11. In a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon which a gun may be supported for movement by in each opening, a block by which each post is wheel-assembly resting upon the base, a forward 35 supported, connecting means between the blocks, bracket resting upon the base, bolts securing to an axle projecting from each block, a wheel rotat gether the body, base, assembly and bracket, said able upon each axle, and means for raising and bracket relative to each other, and a truck piv oted upon the bracket. - 4. In combination, a carriage-body, a gun mount having a base resting upon the body, two spaced brackets and a connecting bar formed as an integral unit and resting upon the base, wheels rotatable upon the brackets, a forward bracket ' the body between towing and ?ring positions, spaced brackets rising above the body and each provided with a guide-opening, a post received in each opening, a block by which each post is sup ported, connecting means between the blocks, an axle projecting from each block, a wheel rotatable resting upon the base, bolts securing together the upon each axle, a hand-lever fulcrumed upon the , body, base, unit and forward bracket, said bolts brackets, and toggle-levers joining the hand-le being so positioned and arranged as to prevent ver to the posts. movement of the body, base, unit and forward 50 12. In a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon bracket relative to each other, and a truck pivoted upon the forward bracket. 5. In combination, a- spider having radiating arms, a gun-mount having a base resting upon the arms near their outer extremities, one of said arms extending outwardly beyond the base, two which a gun may be supported for movement by the body between towing and ?ring positions, spaced brackets rising above the body and each provided with a guide-opening, a post received in each opening, a block by which each post is sup ported, connecting means between the blocks, an axle projecting from each block, a wheel rotatable upon each axle, a hand-lever fulcrumed upon the rear brackets secured to the base and adjacent arms of the spider at the side thereof opposite the extended arm, wheels rotatable upon the brackets, brackets, toggle-levers joining the hand-lever to a forward bracket secured to the base and to the 60 the posts, and a latch pivoted upon each bracket spider-arms between the rear arms and the ex for engagement with the hand-lever. tended arm, and a truck pivoted between the for 13. In a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon ward bracket and the extended spider-arm. which a gun may be supported for movement by 6. In combination, a ‘spider having radiating the body between towing and ?ring positions, a arms, a gun-mount having a base resting upon 65 truck pivoted to the body and provided with the arms near their outer extremities, one of said spaced walls in which are guide-slots, blocks mov arms extending outwardly beyond the base, two able in the slots, an axle free to turn in the blocks, rear brackets secured to the base and adjacent a wheel rotatable about the axle, a hand-lever arms of the spider at the side thereof opposite the fulcrumed upon the truck, and a link joining the extended arm, wheels rotatable upon the brackets, 70 hand-lever to the axle. a forward bracket secured to the base and to the 14. In a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon spider-arms between the rear arms and the ex which a gun may be supported for movement by tended arm, a truck pivoted between the forward the body between towing and ?ring positions, a bracket and the extended spider-arm, and secur truck pivoted to the body and provided with ing means carried at the center of the spider'and 75 spaced walls in which are guide-slots, blocks mov 8 7 truth, pivoted to the body and Preview with spaeed wausin which ereeeide-slots, Monks-Inev able :in ‘theslqt?, an axle neetoturn inthe blocks, a wheel rotatable about the axle, a handplever fulerumed upon the truck, a able in the slots, an axle free to turn in the biggies, joining ,the a wheel rotatable between the walls about the axle, 1a hand-lever fulcrumed upon the truck and having a yoked extension, links joining the arms .hana-ieverto,theaxleend means£0rtemp0rari1y retaining the hand-lever in a posit-ion outward from the carriage. , , of the yoke to the opposite extremities of the axle, and latches pivoted upon the truck and engaging .15. In a‘ gun-carriage, a, carriagePbOQY upon which a gun may ‘be. supported for movement by the ends of the yoke-arms. " the body between towing and ?ring positions, a vl9. In a gun-carriage, a pair of rear axles, truck pivoted to the body and provided with 10 wheels rotatable about the axles, means tor con. spaced walls in :whichare guide-slots, blocks mov necting the axles, a post/for each axle rising from able‘in'the slots, an axle free to turnin the bloeks, the connecting means, a carriage-body upon which a gun may be supported for movement‘ by .awhee1 rotatable about :theaxle, a hand-lever ful crumed upon the truck and having ianextension, andaslink joining the lever-extension to the axle 15 the body between towing and ?ring positions, said body being guided upon the posts, a hand-lever fulcrumed upon the body, toggle-levers joining and iurnishing'therewith a tqegleelever. 16. In :a gun-carriage, a carriageebody upon a wheel rotatable about the vaxle, a hand-lever the hand-lever to both the posts,’ a truck pivoted to the front Ofthe body and provided with -.speced walls in which are guideéslots, vblocks movable. in the slots, an axle free to turn in the blocks, ‘a wheel rotatablelabout the axle, a hand-lever ful lcrumed upon the truck, and a link. joining the and iurnishing therewith a toggle-lever, and a wheels rotatable about the axles, means for con which a gun may be supported for movement by the body between towing and firing positions, a truck pivoted to the body and provided with 20 .-snaQed walls in which areguide-slots, bloclgs mov- ‘ able vin the slots,:an axle freeto turn in the blocks, hand-lever to theaxle. fulcrumed upon the truck and having an exten 20. In a gun-carriage, a pair of rear axles, sion, a link joining the lever~extension to the-axle 25 latch pivoted upon the truck and engaging the hand-lever. II. In a ‘gun-carriage, a carriageebody upon which agun may besupported for movement by the body between towing and v?ring positions, a :truck pivoted to the body and provided with spaced wallsin whichareguide-slots,-blocks mov necting the axles, a post for each axle rising from the connecting means, a carriage-body upon which a gun may be supported for movement by the body between towingand?ringlpositions, vsaid body being guided upon the posts, a nandelever fulcrumed upon the body, toggle-levers joining the hand-lever to both the D98“, a latch pivoted upon the body and engaging the hand-lever, a ablein the-slots, an axle free to turn in the blocks, .a. wheel rotatable between ‘the walls about the 35 truck pivoted to the front of the body and pro vided with spaced walls in whichare guideeslots, axle, ;a hand-lever 'fulerumed upon the truck and blocks movable in the slots,-an axle free to turn .having a ‘yoked extension, and links joining the .in the blocks, a wheel rotatableabout the axle, a arms of the yoke to the opposite extremities of the hand-lever fulcrumed upon the truck, a latch piv axle. 1,8. In ;a gun-carriage, a carriage-body upon which a gunmay be supported fer movement by the body between towing ‘and ?ring positions, .a oted upon the truck and engaging said hand-le ver, and a link joining the hand-lever to the axle. THOMAS H. SULLIVAN.