Патент USA US2412430код для вставки
Dec. 10‘, 1946, - A. G. suELFLow 2,412,430 'VEGETABLE WASHER Filed July 16, 1945 ..N .m. \ 5% . .Y 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Dec. ' 10, 1946. A. e. SUELFLOW 2,412,430 VEGETABLE WASHER Filed July 1e,' 1943 2 _Sheets-Sheet~ 2 Patented Dec. 10, R1946 ‘2,412,430 UNITED STATES ,‘ATENT OFFICE 2,412,430 VEGETABLE WASHER ‘ ’ Alfred G. Suel?ow, Milwaukee, Wis.; G .I. Hansen, executor of. said Alfred G.. Suel?ow, deceased, 'assignor to Felins Tying Machine Company, Milwaukee, Wis., a-corporation of Wisconsin Application July 16, 1943, Serial, No. 494,902 1; Claim. The primary object of my invention is to pro vide a simple, durable and effective cleaning and washing machine for all varieties of bunched vegetables, wherein the same are rapidly brushed clean and rinsed, the said invention being an improvement upon the Suel?ow and Wolford “Vegetable washer,” Patent No. 1,772,880. ( Cl. 15-312) 2 1 7 Another object of‘ my invention is to provide brushes built up from sector units forming peripheral cylinders positioned and intermeshed relative to each other in break joint formation between sectors, whereby the scrubbing and rins ing action is increased due to variation in in tensity or density between the brush sectors at the point of engagement with the bunched prod the washer, the section being indicated by line 3-—3v of Figure 1. Figure 4 is an enlarged, detail, cross sectional view of the brush sector clamping means; the ' section being indicated by line d-ll of Figure 3. Figure 5 is a fragmentary, sectional, eleva tional view of the brush con?ning means,_ the section being indicated by line 5-5 of Figure 4. Referring by characters to the drawings, I indicates a rectangular casing having a crown top and a feed mouth 2. rI’he crown topis'provided with an inverted channel reinforcing bar 3 and the end walls are formed with companion bear ing hubs 4-5 for the reception of an upper 16 shaft 5 and a lower shaft 5’, said shafts adjacent ‘the end walls have secured thereto head-discs not fed between said brush cylinders. 6 which are peripherally notched at equi-distant Another object of my invention is to provide points as best shown in Figure 4, ‘ shaft carried disc-heads for receiving the brush These notches are preferably semi-circular in sector unit’s spindles having means for quickly clamping an adjustment for interchangeability 20 form for the reception of wood or ?bre ends of pairs of spindles l-_~'i. These spindles have suit and replacement, whereby the life of the sector ably secured thereon a fan shaped. row of bristles units is extended and proper adjustment of the 8, the series of the same intersecting each other same is effected. . ‘ at their periphery to form a cylindrical brush Another object of'my invention is to provide built up from the fan spaced sectors. It will also a motor driven chain drive gear connection for be'noted that the brush sectors, at their juncture, the companion brush shafts, whereby economy overlap to develop points of- intermeshed greater in drive power is effected and synchronized rota volume, and as best shown in Figure 3, the tion for the brush shafts is insured to maintain peripheral surfaces of the‘ upper and lower break joints between the companion cylinders. A still further object ofvmy invention is to “so brushes intermesh in alignment with the feed opening and also said sectors of the companion provide simple means for adjustably securing the brushes are in break joint relation with each brush housing with relation to any type of water tank, the open bottom housing being provided with a perforated semi~circular shell for the re ception of the lower brush, the shell and drum being partly submerged a predetermined depth controlled by supporting legs depending from the housing or casing in conjunction with adjust able horizontal straps engageable with an ‘edge other atjthe point of feed. ' . The ends of the pairs of spindles are friction ally secured to the disc-heads by straps 9 having curved ends overlapping the pairs of spindles and said straps are secured to the disc~heads by bolts iii. The spindle couplings are provided in pairs to of said water tank. 40 facilitate removal of any worn brush sector or pair of sectors without dismantling the entire With the above and other minor objects in brush for replacement of the units it being under view, my invention consists in certain peculiari stood in practice these sectors become worn and ties of construction and combination of parts, necessitate their removal. Hence, this simple as will be hereinafter fully set forth with refer ence to the accompanying drawings and subse— 45 arrangement of coupling is provided with sepa rate straps which can be quickly removed without quently claimed. dismantling the entire brush. In the drawings: Owing to the above described peculiar construc Figure 1 represents an end, elevational View tion and arrangement of the brushes, when a of a vegetable washer embodying the features of my invention, the same particularly showing 50 bunch of vegetables is fed therebetween, a scrub hing or cleaning operation is developed having the driving gear connections. intermittent heavy and light strokes upon the Figure 2 is a longitudinal, sectional view of the article being cleaned. It will also be noted, in same, the section being taken on the line 2-2 of the event the bristles, through continuous use, Figure 3. Figure 3 is a sectional, side, elevational view of 55 become worn or bent at the fan edges, the sector 2,412,430 z 3 units may be disconnected from the disc-heads and reversed, whereby life of said brushes is natu '4' o are provided with stirrups I8 for therreception of horizontally disposed arms I9 terminating at rally lengthened and the ?xed position of the the front ends of the tanks with engaging jaws ‘ ' I9’. These jaws are secured to the upper edge same is positively insured due to the friction clamping attaching means. of the tank by clamping bolts, as shown. The ' ' stirrups carry bolts I8’ which engage the rear The bottom portion of the housing or casing? ends of the straps, whereby the same are secured in proper adjustment. and said bottom portion is partially closed by a The brush housing is vertically secured within 7 semi-circular shell II, which shell is secured to the front and end side walls of the casing adja ‘10 the tank by adjustable legs 25} 'whichare secured is open, as indicated in Figure 2 of the drawings, cent the lower edge of the feed mouth. Therear . to the back wall of the brush housing by a slot upper edge ‘of the shell is spaced from the back wall of the casing to form a discharge throat A and bolt connection, as shown. The lower ends' of the legs are formed with toes which rest'uponr for refuse and the bottom of said shell is pro vided with a .pair of spaced rows of ventopenings 15 the bottom of the tank. ' , _Thus it will bevnoted that the brush housing is adjustable in a horizontal and vertical direc- . ' II’ extending upon opposite sides of‘thevertical tion within the tank, whereby the lower brush It will also be noted that the shell forms a ‘_ a‘ and associated shell may beproperly submerged below, the water line in said tank. ' partial housing for the lower brush, which brush From the foregoing description, it is obvious is adapted to rotate therein at high speed in 20 that bunches of vegetables can be rapidly cleaned synchrony with the speed of the upper brush. and rinsed by inserting'said bunchesthrough the . The brushes are driven by sprocket gears‘ I 2—I2 carried by the shaftsv 5 and 5'. The feed mouth of the washerlbetween the brushes, shell axis. ' said bunches being held in this position for an instant and will be extracted thoroughly cleaned sprockets are meshed with a stretch of an end less chain I3, which chain is driven by‘a vsprocket pinion I4, which is carriedby a stud I4’ forming part of a belt pulley l5. This belt pulley is suit‘ and washed, bearing in mind thatthe high speed lower brushv will draw up'clean water from a position below the upper level of the same, which ably encased in a hood l5’ andiis secured to the may be more or less coated with dirt or foreign adjacent wall of the brush casing and said stud I4’ is journaled in the hood l5’. 7 ' 30 substance, and as the brush units are saturated Suitably secured to the casing reinforcing bar with the clean water, said water is transferred‘ to the upper brush and also to the article being 3 is an electric motor B, the shaft of which ex scrubbed clean and rinsed, Foreign material or tends into the guard hood I5' and carries a small refuse developed from. this cleaning process will pulley which is in belt connection with the pulley be centrifugally drawn back against the rear wall ‘I5, whereby power is delivered to the cylindrical where it will by gravityvfiow back into the tank brushes in a- positive manner. In the event of over-feeding or choking between the brushes, the tension of the belt guide units will permit slip page. through the discharge'throat. The tension of the endless chain belt is regulated by an adjustable strip I6 which carries an idle sprocket at one end engaging the drive tion, but what I claim as new is: - ' " The back wall of the brush casing is provided. with a hinged door I’, as indicated in Figure .2, vfor the purpose of access to the brushes and also for cleaning purposes. . . r A vegetable washing machine having 'a casing chain and to protect the user of the washer from ‘the driving gear, the same is'encased in a skeleton guard I1. ' Changes in details may be made without de~ parting fromthe spirit or the scope of my inven ' provided with ‘a support?adapted for mounting , 4.5. upon a water tank, comprising stirrups project ing from the side walls of the washing machine casing, horizontally positioned arms 'slidably mounted in the stirrups, means securing the arms in an adjusted, position in the stirrups; jaws at the outer ends of the arms for engagement with . one edge of a water tank," and vertically disposed As indicated in Figure2 of the drawings, the washer is adapted to be ?tted to any type‘ of 50 supporting legs adjustably secured to the casing of the Washing machine adapted to rest upon the water tank C. ‘ In order to rigidly secure and adjust the washer 7 bottom of a water-tank. to the tank, the end walls of the brush housing ALFRED G. sunntww.