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Патент USA US2412430

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Dec. 10‘, 1946,
- A. G. suELFLow
Filed July 16, 1945
. .Y
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Dec. ' 10, 1946.
Filed July 1e,' 1943
2 _Sheets-Sheet~ 2
Patented Dec. 10, R1946
Alfred G. Suel?ow, Milwaukee, Wis.; G .I. Hansen,
executor of. said Alfred G.. Suel?ow, deceased,
'assignor to Felins Tying Machine Company,
Milwaukee, Wis., a-corporation of Wisconsin
Application July 16, 1943, Serial, No. 494,902
1; Claim.
The primary object of my invention is to pro
vide a simple, durable and effective cleaning and
washing machine for all varieties of bunched
vegetables, wherein the same are rapidly brushed
clean and rinsed, the said invention being an
improvement upon the Suel?ow and Wolford
“Vegetable washer,” Patent No. 1,772,880.
( Cl. 15-312)
Another object of‘ my invention is to provide
brushes built up from sector units forming
peripheral cylinders positioned and intermeshed
relative to each other in break joint formation
between sectors, whereby the scrubbing and rins
ing action is increased due to variation in in
tensity or density between the brush sectors at
the point of engagement with the bunched prod
the washer, the section being indicated by line
3-—3v of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is an enlarged, detail, cross sectional
view of the brush sector clamping means; the
' section being indicated by line d-ll of Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary, sectional, eleva
tional view of the brush con?ning means,_ the
section being indicated by line 5-5 of Figure 4.
Referring by characters to the drawings, I
indicates a rectangular casing having a crown top
and a feed mouth 2. rI’he crown topis'provided
with an inverted channel reinforcing bar 3 and
the end walls are formed with companion bear
ing hubs 4-5 for the reception of an upper
16 shaft 5 and a lower shaft 5’, said shafts adjacent
‘the end walls have secured thereto head-discs
not fed between said brush cylinders.
6 which are peripherally notched at equi-distant
Another object of my invention is to provide
points as best shown in Figure 4,
shaft carried disc-heads for receiving the brush
These notches are preferably semi-circular in
sector unit’s spindles having means for quickly
clamping an adjustment for interchangeability 20 form for the reception of wood or ?bre ends of
pairs of spindles l-_~'i. These spindles have suit
and replacement, whereby the life of the sector
ably secured thereon a fan shaped. row of bristles
units is extended and proper adjustment of the
8, the series of the same intersecting each other
same is effected.
at their periphery to form a cylindrical brush
Another object of'my invention is to provide
built up from the fan spaced sectors. It will also
a motor driven chain drive gear connection for
be'noted that the brush sectors, at their juncture,
the companion brush shafts, whereby economy
overlap to develop points of- intermeshed greater
in drive power is effected and synchronized rota
volume, and as best shown in Figure 3, the
tion for the brush shafts is insured to maintain
peripheral surfaces of the‘ upper and lower
break joints between the companion cylinders.
A still further object ofvmy invention is to “so brushes intermesh in alignment with the feed
opening and also said sectors of the companion
provide simple means for adjustably securing the
brushes are in break joint relation with each
brush housing with relation to any type of water
tank, the open bottom housing being provided
with a perforated semi~circular shell for the re
ception of the lower brush, the shell and drum
being partly submerged a predetermined depth
controlled by supporting legs depending from the
housing or casing in conjunction with adjust
able horizontal straps engageable with an ‘edge
other atjthe point of feed.
The ends of the pairs of spindles are friction
ally secured to the disc-heads by straps 9 having
curved ends overlapping the pairs of spindles and
said straps are secured to the disc~heads by
bolts iii.
The spindle couplings are provided in pairs to
of said water tank.
40 facilitate removal of any worn brush sector or
pair of sectors without dismantling the entire
With the above and other minor objects in
brush for replacement of the units it being under
view, my invention consists in certain peculiari
stood in practice these sectors become worn and
ties of construction and combination of parts,
necessitate their removal. Hence, this simple
as will be hereinafter fully set forth with refer
ence to the accompanying drawings and subse— 45 arrangement of coupling is provided with sepa
rate straps which can be quickly removed without
quently claimed.
dismantling the entire brush.
In the drawings:
Owing to the above described peculiar construc
Figure 1 represents an end, elevational View
tion and arrangement of the brushes, when a
of a vegetable washer embodying the features
of my invention, the same particularly showing 50 bunch of vegetables is fed therebetween, a scrub
hing or cleaning operation is developed having
the driving gear connections.
intermittent heavy and light strokes upon the
Figure 2 is a longitudinal, sectional view of the
article being cleaned. It will also be noted, in
same, the section being taken on the line 2-2 of
the event the bristles, through continuous use,
Figure 3.
Figure 3 is a sectional, side, elevational view of 55 become worn or bent at the fan edges, the sector
units may be disconnected from the disc-heads
and reversed, whereby life of said brushes is natu
are provided with stirrups I8 for therreception
of horizontally disposed arms I9 terminating at
rally lengthened and the ?xed position of the
the front ends of the tanks with engaging jaws ‘ '
I9’. These jaws are secured to the upper edge
same is positively insured due to the friction
clamping attaching means.
of the tank by clamping bolts, as shown. The '
' stirrups carry bolts I8’ which engage the rear
The bottom portion of the housing or casing?
ends of the straps, whereby the same are secured
in proper adjustment.
and said bottom portion is partially closed by a
The brush housing is vertically secured within 7
semi-circular shell II, which shell is secured to
the front and end side walls of the casing adja ‘10 the tank by adjustable legs 25} 'whichare secured
is open, as indicated in Figure 2 of the drawings,
cent the lower edge of the feed mouth. Therear
. to the back wall of the brush housing by a slot
upper edge ‘of the shell is spaced from the back
wall of the casing to form a discharge throat A
and bolt connection, as shown. The lower ends'
of the legs are formed with toes which rest'uponr
for refuse and the bottom of said shell is pro
vided with a .pair of spaced rows of ventopenings 15
the bottom of the tank.
_Thus it will bevnoted that the brush housing
is adjustable in a horizontal and vertical direc- .
' II’ extending upon opposite sides of‘thevertical
tion within the tank, whereby the lower brush
It will also be noted that the shell forms a ‘_ a‘ and associated shell may beproperly submerged
below, the water line in said tank.
partial housing for the lower brush, which brush
From the foregoing description, it is obvious
is adapted to rotate therein at high speed in 20
that bunches of vegetables can be rapidly cleaned
synchrony with the speed of the upper brush.
and rinsed by inserting'said bunchesthrough the
. The brushes are driven by sprocket gears‘
I 2—I2 carried by the shaftsv 5 and 5'. The
feed mouth of the washerlbetween the brushes,
shell axis.
said bunches being held in this position for an
instant and will be extracted thoroughly cleaned
sprockets are meshed with a stretch of an end
less chain I3, which chain is driven by‘a vsprocket
pinion I4, which is carriedby a stud I4’ forming
part of a belt pulley l5. This belt pulley is suit‘
and washed, bearing in mind thatthe high speed
lower brushv will draw up'clean water from a
position below the upper level of the same, which
ably encased in a hood l5’ andiis secured to the
may be more or less coated with dirt or foreign
adjacent wall of the brush casing and said stud
I4’ is journaled in the hood l5’.
' 30 substance, and as the brush units are saturated
Suitably secured to the casing reinforcing bar
with the clean water, said water is transferred‘
to the upper brush and also to the article being
3 is an electric motor B, the shaft of which ex
scrubbed clean and rinsed, Foreign material or
tends into the guard hood I5' and carries a small
refuse developed from. this cleaning process will
pulley which is in belt connection with the pulley
be centrifugally drawn back against the rear wall
‘I5, whereby power is delivered to the cylindrical
where it will by gravityvfiow back into the tank
brushes in a- positive manner. In the event of
over-feeding or choking between the brushes, the
tension of the belt guide units will permit slip
through the discharge'throat.
The tension of the endless chain belt is
regulated by an adjustable strip I6 which carries
an idle sprocket at one end engaging the drive
tion, but what I claim as new is:
" The back wall of the brush casing is provided.
with a hinged door I’, as indicated in Figure .2,
vfor the purpose of access to the brushes and also
for cleaning purposes. .
A vegetable washing machine having 'a casing
chain and to protect the user of the washer from
‘the driving gear, the same is'encased in a skeleton
guard I1.
Changes in details may be made without de~
parting fromthe spirit or the scope of my inven
' provided with ‘a support?adapted for mounting ,
upon a water tank, comprising stirrups project
ing from the side walls of the washing machine
casing, horizontally positioned arms 'slidably
mounted in the stirrups, means securing the arms
in an adjusted, position in the stirrups; jaws at
the outer ends of the arms for engagement with .
one edge of a water tank," and vertically disposed
As indicated in Figure2 of the drawings, the
washer is adapted to be ?tted to any type‘ of 50 supporting legs adjustably secured to the casing
of the Washing machine adapted to rest upon the
water tank C.
In order to rigidly secure and adjust the washer 7 bottom of a water-tank.
to the tank, the end walls of the brush housing
ALFRED G. sunntww.
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