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Патент USA US2412539

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Dec. 10, 1946.
J, B_ RYNO ET AL
'
2,412,539
VENDING MACHINE
Filed ‘Oct. 26, 1944
s Sheets-Sheet 1 '
Jul/6125i:
67216211265 II- C(161:9
-
Jada/$072.5 (13/20
Dec. 10, 1946;
J. B. RYNO ET AL
2,412,539
VENDING MACHINE
Filed Oct. 26, ‘1944
12y
s Sheets-Sheet 2
Dec. 10, 1946.
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I
J, B, RYNO ET AL
2,412,539
VENDING MACHINE
Filed Oct. 26, 1944
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3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Dec. 10, 1946
2,412,539
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,412,539
‘ VENDING MACHINE
.Fuddson B. Ryno, Chicago, and Charles L. Casey,
Riverside, Ill., assignors to Reliable Sheet Metal
Engineering (30., Chicago, 111., a corporation of
Illinois
Application October 26, 1944, Serial No. 560,378
'7 Claims. (Cl. 194-75)
1
2
is preferably provided with ?anges l9 that ex
tend behind the side walls of the casing.
vending machines of the coin-controlled, type,
and one of the objects of the same is to provide,
Within the housing thus formed, is a remova
ble supporting structure or frame comprising
in a machine of this character, improved means
for ejecting the articles, and improved means for 0 uprights ‘2%, to form a receptacle or holder 2| for
rendering the ejecting mechanism inactive in the
the articles to be vended, and this structure is
shaped to form a platform :22, a portion of which
absence of articles in the holder, which means
will lock the ejector against operation while the
forms the bottom of the holder 2 I. When in po
actuating mechanism for the ejector remains
sition, and when the closure II is in place, the
active.
10 platform 22 will be disposed beneath and spaced
A further object is to provide improved means from the offset portion l2 of the closure.
This invention relates to improvements in
for closing the coin receiving opening, and im
Mounted to slide upon the platform 22, and
between suitable guides 23, is an ejector 24, pref
proved means for controlling the actuation of
erably in the form of a plate, having a slot 25
said closing means.
To the attainment of these ends and the ac 15 therein, and also being provided with anaper
complishment of other new and useful objects as
ture or opening 26. At the forward end of the
guides 23 is arranged an upright 21 having an
will appear, the invention consists in the features
opening 23 therethrough, in alinement with the
of novelty in substantially the construction, com
slot 25 in the ejector. Supported by the upright
bination and arrangement of the several parts,
hereinafter more fully described and claimed, 20 2'! is a pocket 29, one wall of which is formed by
the upright 21, and the other wall is provided
and shown in the accompanying drawings illus
with an opening 39 in alinement with the open
trating this invention, in which
ing 28 in the upright 21. The entrance to the
Fig. l is a perspective view of a machine of this
pocket .29 is in alinement with the coin receiv
character, constructed in accordance with the
principles of this invention, and with the front 25 ing opening 53 in the front or closure ll of the
plate removed.
casing, so that when a coin is dropped into the
opening l3, and the parts of the mechanism are
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the front plate
in the proper position, the coin will drop into
of the machine.
the pocket 29, and into an opening 3| in the plat
Fig. 3 is a detail vertical, sectional view taken
on line 3—3, Big. 5.
»
30 form 22. This opening 3| is of a size and shape
that when a coin is dropped into the opening
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view taken on line
8!, it will not pass entirely therethrough, as
4-4, Fig. 5, showing some of the parts in a dif
shown more clearly in Fig. '7, but will be sup
ferent position from that shown in Fig. 3.
ported by the edges of the slot or opening 3!, and
Fig. 5 is a detail horizontal, sectional view
taken on line 5—%3, Fig. 3.
35 by ?ngers or up-turned portions 32 on the ejector
24 on each side of the slot 25 in the ejector.
Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view taken on line
The numeral 33 designates an oscillatable
'<§—S, Fig. 3.
‘
shaft pivotally supported by the said frame, and
removable therewith from the casing. Connected
Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view showing the 40 to the ‘shaft 33 for oscillation therewith, is an
arm 34, one extremity 35 of which arm is posi
manner of locking the ejector slide, by the fol
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view taken on line
‘TL-‘l, Fig. 3.
tioned in front of the upright 21 in the normal
.
position of the arm, as shown in Fig. 3, and is
The machine consists, essentially, of an outer
adapted to be moved by rocking the shaft 33 in
casing or housing Ill, which may be of any de
sired size
con?guration, and constructed of 45 the proper direction, by means of an operating
handle 35, through the opening 3!! in the wall of
any suitable material, the front of the casing
the pocket, and, against the coin which is in the
being open and provided with a removable clos
pocket. By a further movement of the operat
ure l l having an oifset portion l2, in which lat
ter is provided a coin receiving slot [3. The
ing handle 35 and, consequently, the extremity
lower edge M of the lower portion lb of the 50 35 of the arm, this extremity will be moved
closure is adapted to be seated in a groove or
through the opening 39 in the front wall of the
channel H3, and at the upper end of the closure
pocket, into engagement with the coin, and will
lower, against return movement.
may be provided a suitable look i‘! which en
gages beneath a ?ange or portion Hi, to remova
force the coin, together with the ejector 24, for
wardly, so that the edge of the ejector will con
bly secure the closure in position. The closure 55 tact with the edge of the lowermost article 36a
2,412,539
3
in the holder, to eject the latter so that it will
be discharged, by means of a chute 31, to the de
livery outlet 38 of the casing.
When the extremity 35 of the arm 34 ?rst con
tacts the coin in the pocket, the coin and the ex
tremity of the arm will be moved through the
opening 28 in the front wall 21 in the pocket, and
as the coin is forced against the upturned ends
or ?ngers 32 of the ejector 24, the ejector will
be advanced to eject the article. This advance
ment of the coin and ejector will cause the coin
to be positioned so as to drop through an en
larged portion 39 of the slot 3| in the platform
22, into a receptacle 4!). This receptacle is re
movably supported by means of suitable guides
4|, and may be removed through the front of the
4
29, and thereby prevent the insertion of a coin
into the pocket when the machine is empty.
The closure for the pocket 29 preferably con
sists of a pivotally mounted member 5|, of any
desired or suitable construction, the extremity
52 of which is movable into the position shown in
Fig. 4, to prevent the insertion of a coin thereinto, and out of the position shown in Fig. 4 to
the position shown in Fig. 3, to permit of the
10 insertion of a coin thereinto. The normal posi
tion of the closure 5| is that shown in Fig. 3, and
in dotted lines in Fig. 4. It will assume this posi
tion by reason of the fact that the end or ex
machine when the closure II is removed, as will
be clearly seen from Figs. 1 and 4 of the drawings.
As soon as the article has been ejected and the
operating handle 33 is released, the shaft 33 and
the arm 34 will be returned to their normal po
sitions by means of the spring 42, one end of
tremity 35 of the arm 34, under the stress of the
spring 42, will cause the parts to assume the
positions shown in Fig. 3, so as to uncover the
pocket. When, however, a proper coin is in
serted, and the shaft 33 rocked in a clockwise
direction, as shown in Fig. 3, the extremity 35
will move away from the closure 5| to the posi
tion shown in Fig. 4, and the closure will auto
matically assume the full-line position in such
which spring is anchored to an arm 43 on the
?gure.
shaft 33, as at M, and the other end of the spring
is anchored to a ?xed support 45 on the remov
able casing.
When the last article is ejected from the holder, and as the ejector will be locked against re»
turn, the extremity 35 of the arm 34 will also
be locked against return, and will be prevented
from moving the closure 5|, so that the pocket
29 will be opened. If desired, a stop 52 may be
provided to limit the opening movement of the
30
the
forwardly
handle and
36 isan
released,
article the
dispensed.
spring 42Aswill
soon
serve
closure 5|.
All of the parts of the mechanism are mounted
to return the shaft and the arm 34 to their nor“
mal positions, and, in so doing, the extremity 35
upon the frame, which is removable, as a unit,
from the casing ID by removing the closure ||.
of the arm will engage the rear end 46 (see Fig.
One of the side walls of the casing is provided
4) of the slot 25 in the ejector, to move the
with a suitable slot 53 for the reception of the
latter back to normal position.
shaft 33, and to permit the shaft to slide there
Arranged within the holder 2!, and supported
through when the unit is removed from the
by the supply of articles 350,, is a follower 4‘!
which may be of any desired con?guration, but
casing.
While the preferred form of the invention has
is here shown as being formed of a channel bar 40
which rests upon the article. A handle 48 may
been herein shown and described, it is to be un»
derstood that various changes may be made in
be connected to the follower, by means of which
Thus it will be seen that by inserting a proper
coin into the coin receiving opening i3, and by
operating the shaft 3-3, the ejector may be moved
it may be removed and replaced in the holder
the details of construction and in the combina
tion and arrangement of the several parts, with
jecting therethrough, is a pin or member 49 that .45 in the scope of the claims, without departing
is freely removable with respect- to the follower.
from the spirit of this invention.
When the parts are in the position shown in
What is claimed as new is:
Figs. 3 and 4, that is, when the holder 2| con
1. In a vending machine, an article holder, an
tains a supply of articles to be vended, the fol
ejector slide for ejecting the articles from the
lower will rest upon the top of the supply, and v5.0 holder, an operating element for the slide, sep
as the pin or member 49 is loosely mounted upon
arate therefrom, a coin receiver, a shoulder on
the follower, it will assume the position with re
the slide behind which the coin will be positioned
spect to the follower, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
when inserted into said receiver, means for actu
When, however, the follower reaches the bottom
ating said element, to cause the element to engage
of the holder 2|, and rests upon the last article
the coin and, through the medium of said coin,
36a therein, the last article may be vended or
actuate the slide to eject an article, said element
delivered by the ejector, but as the ejector ejects
also operating to return the slide when the coin
the last article, it will be moved so that the
is discharged from said receiver, a follower in said
opening 26 the -ein will be in alinement with the
holder, and a projection carried by said follower,
end of the pin 49 carried by the follower 41, so v60 adapted to engage behind a shoulder on the slide,
that the pin will enter thereinto, the wall of the
in the absence of articles in the holder, for look
opening 26 forming a shoulder behind which the
ing the slide against return movement, whereby
pin engages. The pin will also enter an opening
the said element may be returned independently
‘50 in the platform 22, and thereby lock the ejec
‘of the slide.
tor against return movement. However, when
2. In a vending machine, an ejector slide, an
the parts are in this position, that is, when the!
actuating element separate from and operable in
.jector is locked against return movement, and
dependently of the slide, means for operating said
when the operating handle 36 is released, the
element, a coin receiver, a shoulder on the slide
spring 42 will return the arm 34 and extremity
35 to a certain extent, which extent of return 70 behind which the coin is adapted to be positioned
when in the receiver, to be engaged by said
movement will be limited by the engagement of
element upon movement of the latter in one
the extremity 35 of the arm 34 against the end
direction, to move the slide to eject an article,
46 of the slot 25 in the ejector, and this will
and a closure for said receiver separate from said
prevent the extremity from moving too far back
wardly, so as to control a closure for‘ the pocket 75 element and movable into and out of active posi
2|. Carried by the follower 41, and loosely pro
2,412,539
5
tion with respect to the receiver, said closure
being controlled in such movements by the oper
ation of said element.
3. In a vending machine, an ejector slide, an
actuating element separate from the slide, means
for operating said element, a coin receiver, a
shoulder on the slide behind which the coin is
adapted to be positioned when in the receiver, to
6
of the slide, means for locking the slide against
return movement, and means controlled in its
operation by the actuation of said element, for
closing and opening said coin receiver.
6. In a vending machine, an ejector slide for
the articles, an actuating element for moving
the slide, said element being separate from said
slide, an operating handle for moving the said
be engaged by said element upon movement of
element, a coin receiver, a shoulder on said slide
the latter in one direction, to move the slide
to eject an article, and a pivotally mounted mem
behindwhich the coin is positioned when in said
receiver, there being openings in the walls of
said receiver through which said element is
ber movable into position to close and open said
receiver, said closure being controlled in its move—
ments by the movements of the said element.
4. In a vending machine, an ejector slide for
the articles, an actuating element for moving the
adapted to pass in the absence of a coin in the
receiver, said element engaging a coin when
present in the receiver, to shift said slide to move
the latter in one direction, said coin being deliv
slide, said element being separate from said slide,
ered automatically from said receiver, whereby
an operating handle for moving the said element,
the said element may be returned independently
a coin receiver, a shoulder on said slide behind
of the slide, a holder for the articles, and a
which the coin is positioned when in said receiver, 20 follower in the holder, the said slide and the
there being openings in the walls of said receiver
said follower being provided, one with a projec
through which said element is adapted to pass
tion and the other with a shoulder behind which
the projection will engage, to lock the slide against
in the absence of a coin in the receiver, said
element engaging a coin when present in the
return movement with the said element in the
absence of articles in said holder.
'
receiver, to shift said slide to move the latter
in one direction, said coin being delivered auto
7. In a vending machine, an ejector slide for
matically from said receiver, whereby the said
the articles, an actuating element for moving the
element may be returned independently of the
slide, said element being separate from said slide,
slide, and means for locking the slide against
an operating handle for moving the said ele
return movement.
30 ment, a coin receiver, a shoulder on said slide
5. In a vending machine, an ejector slide for
behind which the coin is positioned when in said
the articles, an actuating element for moving
receiver, there being openings in the walls of said
the slide, said element being separate from said
receiver through whichsaid element is adapted
slide, an operating handle for moving the said
to pass in the absence of a coin in the receiver,
element, a coin receiver, a shoulder on said slide 35 said element engaging a coin when present in
behind which the coin is positioned when in said
the receiver, to shift said slide to move the lat
receiver, there being openings in the walls of
ter in one direction, said coin being delivered
said receiver through which said element is
automatically from said receiver, through the
adapted to pass in the absence of a coin in the
slide and into the machine, whereby the said
receiver, said element engaging a coin when pres 40 element may be returned independently of the
ent in the receiver, to shift said slide to move
slide, and means for locking the slide against
the latter in one direction, said coin being deliv
return movement.
ered automatically from said receiver, whereby
JUDDSON B. RYNO.
the said element may be returned independently
QHARLES L. CASEY,
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